Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 28, 2016
Study says salt marshes have limited ability to absorb excess nitrogen
Results suggest that society can't simply rely on salt marshes to clean up nutrient pollution, but instead needs to do a better job at keeping nutrients out of the water in the first place.

Patrick Stiff, M.D., awarded Loyola's Stritch Medal
Patrick J. Stiff, M.D., a world renowned cancer physician, researcher and teacher, has received the Stritch Medal, the highest honor given by Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

Komodo dragons help researchers understand microbial health in captive animals
Researchers at the University of California San Diego, the University of Colorado-Boulder, the University of Chicago and Argonne are the first to identify similarities in the way in which Komodo dragons and humans and their pets share microbes within closed environments.

Diane Spatz receives Lifetime Achievement Award from National Assoc. of Neonatal Nurses
Diane L. Spatz, Ph.D., R.N.-B.C., F.A.A.N., Professor of Perinatal Nursing and the Helen M.

FOOD Professor Rasmus Bro receives the first Nils Foss Excellence Prize
The first recipient of the Nils Foss Excellence Prize is Professor Rasmus Bro, who works with advanced data analysis at the Department of Food Science at the University of Copenhagen.

Warwick and Waitrose tackle global food security together
Food security is at the heart of a new doctoral training collaboration between the University of Warwick and Waitrose, thanks to an award from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.

Hydrogen in your pocket? New plastic for carrying and storing hydrogen
A Waseda University research group has developed a polymer which can store hydrogen in a light, compact and flexible sheet, and is safe to touch even when filled with hydrogen gas.

Australian solar tech to help China reach clean energy targets
Australia's solar heliostat technology will be used for concentrating solar thermal electricity generation in China.

Augmented reality advances learning especially in informal science education context
The aim of this research project was to analyses learning using Augmented reality technology and the motivational and cognitive aspects related to it in an informal learning context.

Can you hear the corn grow? Yes!
Corn is the leading grain crop in the US but a lack of understanding about the mechanics involved in wind-induced corn stalk failure has hindered further improvements in corn production.

With climate change, not all wildlife population shifts are predictable
Wildlife ecologists who study the effects of climate change assume, with support from several studies, that warming temperatures caused by climate change are forcing animals to move either northward or upslope on mountainsides to stay within their natural climate conditions.

When judging other people, first impressions last
A well-known saying urges people to 'not judge a book by its cover.' But people tend to do just that -- even after they've skimmed a chapter or two, according to Cornell University research.

Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Early intervention in brain inflammatory pathways may improve stroke recovery
This month in the JCI, work from Laura Sansing's lab at Yale School of Medicine examined the pathways in the brain that drive injury-producing inflammation.

Missed connections
UCSB scientists demonstrate that as people age, their brains adopt new strategies for memory-related tasks.

Nocturnal & GW awarded $2.27m grant for preclinical development of cardiac imaging system
The NIH awarded a $2.27 million Phase II STTR grant to Nocturnal Product Development, LLC, and George Washington University researcher Narine Sarvazyan, Ph.D.

Young toddlers can tell when others hold false beliefs, study finds
A new study finds that, under the right conditions, 2 1/2-year-old children can answer questions about people acting on false beliefs, an ability that most researchers believe does not develop until age 4.

UTSW researchers' international study zeros in on gene that limits desire to drink alcohol
In the largest study of its kind, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers and colleagues in Europe identified a gene variant that suppresses the desire to drink alcohol.

Electronic prescribing of high-risk meds may contribute to falls in elderly
Certain medications are considered high risk in elders. In a recent study of 287 individuals ?65 years who experienced a fall while hospitalized at an urban academic hospital, 62 percent of falls occurred in patients in whom high risk medications had been administered within the 24 hours before the fall.

Nano factories to prevent bacterial colonization
For the first time, the Dr. Karl Helmut Eberle foundation honors researchers at the University of Konstanz with its prize for outstanding research initiatives.

Comparing gait parameters can predict decline in memory and thinking
A Mayo Clinic study recently published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease found that problems associated with gait can predict a significant decline in memory and thinking.

West Antarctic ice shelf breaking up from the inside out
A key glacier in Antarctica is breaking apart from the inside out, suggesting that the ocean is weakening ice on the edges of the continent.

Physical-environment checklist leads to sharp drop in inpatient suicides in VA
The Mental Health Environment of Care Checklist, put in place at Veterans Affairs hospitals in 2007, has led to a sharp reduction in inpatient suicides, says a new VA study.

Largest resource of human protein-protein interactions can help interpret genomic data
An international research team has developed the largest database of protein-to-protein interaction networks, a resource that can illuminate how numerous disease-associated genes contribute to disease development and progression.

Successfully treating genetically determined autoimmune enteritis
Using targeted immunotherapy, doctors have succeeded in curing a type of autoimmune enteritis caused by a recently discovered genetic mutation.

Study finds cause of visual impairment in astronauts
A visual problem affecting astronauts who serve on lengthy missions in space is related to volume changes in the clear fluid that is found around the brain and spinal cord, according to new research being presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

What's up with Madagascar?
The island of Madagascar off the coast of Africa was largely unexplored seismically until recently.

Iraq-Afghanistan veterans with epilepsy more at risk of death
US Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans (IAVs) with epilepsy were more than twice as likely to die between 2011 and 2015 as were similar veterans without epilepsy, according to a study published this month in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Thwarting autoimmune diseases
The immunoproteasome dismantles proteins and the resulting fragments are displayed on the surface of cells.

Rockefeller University's Elaine Fuchs, Ph.D., named 2016 Vanderbilt Prize recipient
Elaine Fuchs, Ph.D., whose innovative use of reverse genetics has helped redefine the study of skin diseases and cancer stem cells, is the recipient of the 2016 Vanderbilt Prize in Biomedical Science, officials at Vanderbilt University Medical Center announced today.

Our closest worm kin regrow body parts, raising hopes of regeneration in humans
A new University of Washington study of one of our closest invertebrate relatives, the acorn worm, reveals that regenerating body parts might one day be possible.

Enzyme's 'editing' preferences have implications for infertility and cancer
To 'turn off' particular regions of genes or protect them from damage, DNA strands can wrap around small proteins, called histones, keeping out all but the most specialized molecular machinery.

Pitt researchers awarded $1.7 million NIH grant to 'sniff out' treatment for lung disease
The ever-changing complexities of Cystic Fibrosis often make it difficult for doctors to decide which therapies will be most effective in treating the disease.

Mystery of ultra-diffuse faint galaxies solved
Researchers have observed some very faint, diffuse galaxies. It has been a mystery, how galaxies so faint -- containing up to 1,000 times fewer stars than the Milky Way could still be just as large.

Imaging study examines brains of current, former NFL players
The resident immune cells of the central nervous system called microglia are thought to play a role in the brain's response to injury and other neurodegenerative processes.

Voice appeal
In a study to be presented during the 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the 5th Joint Meeting with Acoustical Society of Japan, a Canadian researcher has new data about the vocal attractiveness of consonants.

Wives with a 'soul mate' view of marriage are less likely to volunteer, study finds
Wives who have a romantic view of marriage are less likely to do volunteer work, leading their husbands to volunteer less as well.

ADSA announces 2017 annual meeting symposia and workshops
Thanks to the hard work of the ADSA members who submitted proposals, the program committee chairs, and the chairs of the special and invited symposia and workshops, the Overall Program Committee is pleased to present the 2017 Annual Meeting Symposia and Workshop schedule.

Programmable disorder
Researchers have developed a molecular programming language to create DNA tiles that exploit randomness to carry out complex nanofabrication tasks by self-assembly.

Small RNA identified that offers clues for quieting the 'voices' of schizophrenia
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have linked disruption of a brain circuit associated with schizophrenia to an age-related decline in levels of a single microRNA in one brain region.

It's all in the eyes: Women and men really do see things differently
Women and men look at faces and absorb visual information in different ways, which suggests there is a gender difference in understanding visual cues, according to a team of scientists that included psychologists from Queen Mary University of London.

No association between mother flu in pregnancy and increased child autism risk
A study of more than 196,000 children found no association between a mother having an influenza infection anytime during pregnancy and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in children, according to a new study published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Each animal species hosts a unique microbial community and benefits from it
A laboratory study of four animal species and their microbiota finds that each species hosts a unique community of microbes that can significantly improve its health and fitness.

New ways to measure solid stress in tumors could lead to improved understanding, therapies
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have developed new methods for mapping and measuring solid stress -- the force exerted by solid and elastic components -- within tumors, an accomplishment that may lead to improved understanding of those forces and their consequences and to novel treatment strategies.

Electro-acupuncture for disrupted sleep in women with breast cancer
It's somewhat of a little-known adverse effect of having breast cancer, but studies suggest that approximately 30 percent to 40 percent of women with breast cancer report persistent hot flashes.

Prevention program safeguards children's brains from effects of poverty
Participation in a prevention program shown to remove the effects of poverty on brain development, according to 14-year study.

Secret phenotypes: Disease devils in invisible details
The human eye often falls short in the hunt for faint genetic drivers that raise the risk of devastating neurological diseases such as autism and schizophrenia.

US blood system faces financial and biological threats, study finds
The US blood supply system works effectively, but it faces a growing number of threats.

NP predischarge thresholds associated with reduced ADHF mortality, readmission
Low-strength evidence suggests that achieving brain-type natriuretic peptide and pro-brain-type natriuretic peptide predischarge thresholds is associated with a reduced risk for mortality and readmission in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.

László Erdős and Horng-Tzer Yau to receive 2017 AMS Eisenbud Prize
László Erdős of the Institute of Science and Technology Austria and Horng-Tzer Yau of Harvard University will receive the 2017 AMS Leonard Eisenbud Prize for Mathematics and Physics 'for proving the universality of eigenvalue statistics of Wigner random matrices.'

Does hormonal contraception alleviate premenstrual symptoms?
The results of a new study designed to compare the severity and timing of perimenstrual symptoms among women who do or do not use cyclic hormonal contraception are reported in Journal of Women's Health.

Bullying rates remain higher for children with disabilities, even as they mature
A University of Missouri researcher and bullying expert has determined that children with disabilities are victimized by bullying at a much higher rate over time than their peers without disabilities.

Many primary care doctors are reluctant to talk about medical errors, study finds
While most primary care physicians would provide some information about a medical error, only a minority would fully disclose important information about potentially harmful medical errors to patients, a new survey shows.

Engineering success
Academically strong, low-income would-be engineers get the boost they need to complete their undergraduate degrees.

Targeting breast cancer metabolism to fight the disease
How does a cancer cell burn calories? New research from Thomas Jefferson University shows that breast cancer cells rely on a different process for turning fuel into energy than normal cells.

How crop load density affects apple juice, hard cider quality
'York' apple trees were hand-thinned to different crop loads to assess the impact on hard cider chemistry.

American scientists discover the first Antarctic ground beetle
Fossilized forewings discovered on the Beardmore Glacier revealed the first ground beetle known from the southernmost continent.

Model could shatter a mystery of glass
Princeton University researchers have developed a computational model for creating a 'perfect glass' that never crystallizes -- even at absolute zero.

PharmaMar begins a Phase I study of PM1183 in Japan for the treatment of solid tumors
PharmaMar has announced the start of an open-label, multicenter, Phase I study in Japan to evaluate the recommended dose of PM1183 (lurbinectedin) in patients with certain types of unresectable/advanced solid tumors.

Preventing heart failure risk factors in midlife substantially lowers risk
Preventing the development of hypertension, obesity and diabetes by the age of 45 to 55 years may lead up to an 86 percent lower risk for heart failure through the remainder of life, according to research published today in JACC: Heart Failure.

IU study finds activity trackers can work when paired with wellness coaching
While critics have debated the effectiveness of activity trackers, a recent study by faculty in the IU School of Public Health-Bloomington found activity trackers can work, if paired with wellness coaching.

New guidelines aim to improve understanding of scientific data
Researchers from University of East Anglia have produced new guidelines aimed at improving the communication and understanding of scientific data -- using knowledge of how the human brain processes visual and written information.

Report highlights coffee's potential role in reducing cognitive decline
A new report from the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee (ISIC), a not-for-profit organisation devoted to the study and disclosure of science related to coffee and health, highlights the potential role of coffee consumption in reducing the risk of cognitive decline.

Penn study: Preventative antibiotics could prevent C. diff in transplant patients
It may be possible to safely prevent one of the most common -- and costly to treat -- infections contracted by hospitalized patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of blood cancers, according to a study from the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania.

How kids' brains respond to a late night up
What happens to Junior's brain when he's up past bedtime?

Clinical trial of infection detecting bandages begins
A clinical trial of a smart bandage which changes color when it detects infections is beginning using samples from burns patients from four UK hospitals.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees remnants of Tropical Cyclone Tokage
Tropical Cyclone Tokage fell apart after crossing the Philippines and moving into the South China Sea where wind shear battered the storm.

Light switch in autumn leaves
Before trees lose their leaves in the winter, they offer us a bright autumnal display of reds, oranges, and yellows.

Program helps teens 'get the message' about distracted driving
A program to educate teens about distracted driving -- including a tour of a hospital trauma center and testimony from a trauma survivor -- can increase awareness of the dangers of texting, cell phone use, and other distractions while driving, reports a study in the Journal of Trauma Nursing, official publication of the Society of Trauma Nurses.

Timing the shadow of a potentially habitable extrasolar planet
A group of researchers from NAOJ, the University of Tokyo, and the Astrobiology Center among others has observed the transit of a potentially Earth-like extrasolar planet using the MuSCAT instrument on the Okayama Astrophysical Observatory 188-cm telescope, and measured the orbital period with a high precision of about 18 seconds.

A new technique for structural color, inspired by birds
Structural coloration has long interested researchers and engineers because of its durability and potential for application in solar arrays, biomimetic tissues and adaptive camouflage.

Toxic 'marine snow' can sink quickly, persist at ocean depths
Researchers from North Carolina State University found that a specific neurotoxin can persist and accumulate in 'marine snow' formed by the algae Pseudo-nitzschia, and that this marine snow can reach significant depths quickly.

Gene mutation linked to early onset of Parkinson's disease in Caucasians
A defect in a gene that produces dopamine in the brain appears to accelerate the onset of Parkinson's disease, according to new research from Iowa State University.

Taking a closer look at online social networking and depression
While frequency and duration of online social networking may have a negative effect on mental health outcomes such as depression, a new systematic review suggests that the relationship between online social networking and depression is more complex.

NIAID-sponsored study to assess shorter-duration antibiotics in children
Physicians at five US medical centers are planning to enroll up to 400 children in a clinical trial to evaluate whether a shorter course of antibiotics -- five days instead of 10 -- is effective at treating community-acquired pneumonia in children who show improvement after the first few days of taking antibiotics.

A change of heart
Why is heart growth beneficial in some circumstances but detrimental in others?

Most people at risk for osteoporisis fractures are not evaluated and treated
Osteoporosis is preventable and treatable, but only a small proportion of people at risk for fractures are evaluated and treated, according to new osteoporosis guidelines written by an expert panel headed by Loyola Medicine endocrinologist Pauline M.

Inside tiny tubes, water turns solid when it should be boiling
MIT team gets water to freeze solid at boiling temperature; finding could lead to new kinds of electronic devices with wires made of ice.

DOE funds advanced manufacturing of superconductor wire for next generation machines
The US Department of Energy Monday announced a $4.5 million grant to Venkat Selvamanickam, MD Anderson Chair Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Houston, to boost the advanced manufacturing of high-performance superconductor wires for next generation electric machines.

Researcher suggests kratom may have medical benefit as opioid alternative
Anecdotal evidence and current scientific research indicate kratom may have a medical benefit as an alternative to opioids.

Study says CT use OK for some colon cancers, yet challenging for lymph node involvement
CT has good sensitivity for the detection of colon cancers with tumors that have spread beyond the bowel wall, however, it remains a challenge in detecting nodal involvement, which could have considerable consequences given the increasing interest in neoadjuvant treatment for colon cancer.

Vestibular function declines starting at age 40
A new study led by researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear found that vestibular thresholds begin to double every 10 years above the age of 40, representing a decline in our ability to receive sensory information about motion, balance and spatial orientation.

Biologists watch speciation in a laboratory flask
Biologists have discovered that the evolution of a new species can occur rapidly enough for them to observe the process in a simple laboratory flask.

Pine product offers fresh take on fine chemical synthesis
Rice University researchers create multifunctional reagents from a naturally occurring product of pine trees that will simplify the manufacture of food additives, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

RIT professor wins grants from the Moore Foundation
Research at Rochester Institute of Technology explores mitochondrial DNA and intercellular cargo transport.

Bioscientists at Kent help throat cancer patients speak again
Patients who cannot speak following the replacement of their own 'voice box' with a silicone version are being helped by research carried out by University of Kent bioscientists.

NIST debuts dual atomic clock -- and a new stability record
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have combined two experimental atomic clocks based on ytterbium atoms to set yet another world record for clock stability.

UT professor develops algorithm to improve online mapping of disaster areas
Yingjie Hu, UT assistant professor of geography, has developed an algorithm to improve online mapping of disaster areas.

Head impacts lead to brain changes in high school football players
Brain imaging exams performed on high school football players after just one season revealed changes in both the gray and white matter that correlated with exposure to head impacts, according to a new study that will be presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Researchers propose low-mass supernova triggered formation of solar system
A research team led by University of Minnesota School of Physics and Astronomy Professor Yong-Zhong Qian uses new models and evidence from meteorites to show that a low-mass supernova triggered the formation of our solar system.

Power poses don't help and could potentially backfire, Penn study shows
The idea behind power poses, that if you stand in a 'powerful' position, broad posture, hands on hips, shoulders high and pushed back, you will suddenly feel psychologically and physiologically stronger, is intuitively appealing, especially for people without much confidence.

UT Austin engineers develop first-ever capsule to treat hemophilia
Thanks to a breakthrough led by researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, treatment for hemophilia can now be administered via a biodegradable system, a capsule, giving people affected by the hereditary bleeding disorder hope for a less expensive, less painful treatment option than conventional injections or infusions.

Large study finds no evidence for age-based mammography cut-off
In the largest-ever study on screening mammography outcomes, researchers found that there is no clear cut-off age to stop breast cancer screening.

Genes, early environment sculpt the gut microbiome
Genetics and birthplace have a big effect on the make-up of the microbial community in the gut, according to research published Nov.

Gene discovered to cause rare, severe neurological disease
Researchers have linked a debilitating neurological disease in children to mutations in a gene that regulates neuronal development through control of protein movement within neuronal cells.

Handheld, mobile data technologies compared for turfgrass
Researchers compared handheld and mobile data acquisitions of soil moisture, soil compaction, and turfgrass vigor of four natural turfgrass sports fields using two sampling grid sizes.

Liver-brain pathway may regulate alcohol consumption
A liver hormone called 'FGF21' may regulate alcohol drinking by acting directly on a receptor in the brain, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London, Imperial College London and UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Lake ecologists see winter as a key scientific frontier
An international team of 62 scientists looking at more than 100 lakes has concluded that life under the ice is vibrant, complex and surprisingly active.

An exercise in good health
A new Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association led by Queen's University professor Robert Ross provides unequivocal evidence to confirm that cardiorespiratory fitness, a reflection of overall cardiovascular health, should be measured in clinical practice to provide additional information for patient management.

VirusDetect, a new bioinformatics pipeline for virus identification released
A new bioinformatics analysis tool developed by researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute can help scientists to identify all known and novel viruses and viroids within small RNA datasets on a local to global scale.

Compost establishes growing media pH similar to limestone
Researchers determined the resulting substrate pH when using a range of compost and limestone rates, and compared the pH buffering capacity of substrates that had the pH established by the addition of compost, limestone, or a combination of both.

Smart patch releases blood thinners as needed
An interdisciplinary team of researchers has developed a smart patch designed to monitor a patient's blood and release blood-thinning drugs as needed to prevent the occurrence of dangerous blood clots.

Stem cells police themselves to reduce scarring, Stanford study finds
Treating mice with a compound that increases the expression of an inactive protein helped them heal from injury with less scarring, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

What role does mouth shape play for echolocating bats?
While studying bats, researchers noticed a large group of muscles running straight down the middle of the top of the bat's skull.

Wound irrigation tools improvised in the wilderness are effective
In the wilderness, where proper medical equipment may not be readily available, options for delivering wound irrigation are limited.

Aircraft inspectors have new Sandia course to help detect composite material damage
In the midst of holiday travel season, airline customers want to feel safe in the new aircraft made of composite materials.

PTB paves the way for the redefinition of the ampere
Scientists from PTB have succeeded in measuring the extremely small currents of a single-electron pump with unprecedented accuracy.

Cultivation technologies benefit ultradwarf bermudagrass
Experiments determined the best combination of dry-injection (DI) cultivation technology with modified hollow-tine (HT) aerification programs for ultradwarf bermudagrass putting greens.

Safe hair care spares hair, Johns Hopkins dermatologists report
A common cause of hair loss and breakage known as acquired trichorrhexis nodosa, or TN --often more prevalent in African-Americans -- can actually be remedied through appropriate use of cleansing products, hair care and styling practices, say researchers at Johns Hopkins.

Announcement of joint study to design nanoporous materials to carry small molecules
Nagoya University, Kyoto University, and Air Liquide will start a new project to design innovative nanoporous materials, or 'sponge materials,' for highly efficient abilities in separation, storage, and release of essential gas molecules, such as O2, N2, C2H2, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, and/or noble gases.

Marine incentives programs may replace 'doom and gloom' with hope
Incentives that are designed to enable smarter use of the ocean while also protecting marine ecosystems can and do work, and offer significant hope to help address the multiple environmental threats facing the world's oceans, researchers conclude in a new analysis.

Power savings: ONR research helps Navy curb kilowatts
With support from the Office of Naval Research (ONR), engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have designed a portable measurement system to precisely and cheaply monitor the amount of electricity used by individual household appliances, lighting fixtures and electronic devices.

It takes less than a second to tell humans from androids
It can be hard to tell the difference between humans and androids in such sci-fi TV shows as 'Westworld.' But in real life, beyond our screens, the human brain takes less than a second to tell between reality and fantasy, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley.

Harvest of nuisance black bears in New Jersey reducing human-bear conflicts
After three-year analysis, Utah State University researchers and colleagues find regulated harvest of recovered black bear population in New Jersey represents a pragmatic tool to help control population growth and, when coupled with incident-response management and educational programming, reduced the number of nuisance bear reports.

Why conservation fails
The only way for northern countries to halt deforestation in the South is to make sure land owners are paid more than it costs them to conserve the forest.

Measures of inflammation in blood tests may help predict risk of disease and death
A new study looking at deaths from cancer, cardiovascular disease and all causes suggests that an inflammatory marker detected in blood tests in middle-aged adults can better predict the risk of death compared with another similar biomarker.

Life and death following Great Barrier Reef bleaching
The ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies is releasing its final mortality figures from coral bleaching surveys on the Great Barrier Reef.

Jean-Pol Dodelet is elected a Fellow of the AAAS
Honorary Professor Jean-Pol Dodelet, of Centre Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications has been elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

KAUST Prof. Carlos Duarte named as ASLO Fellow
The Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography recently elected Carlos Duarte, Director of the Red Sea Research Center and the Tarek Ahmed Juffali Research Chair in Red Sea Ecology in the University's Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) division, an ASLO Fellow based on the sustained excellence of his contributions to ASLO and the aquatic sciences.

New finding about a protein that enables our brains and muscles to talk
A huge colony of receptors must be optimally positioned and functioning on our muscle cells for our brains to talk with our bodies so we can walk and breathe.

UMD researchers crack the code of a deadly virus
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is an unforgiving killer of horses, donkeys and zebras, resulting in mortality as high as 80 percent.

Stanford researchers develop new compound to reduce tumor growth
Researchers at Stanford found that a new cell surface receptor they created is effective at inhibiting cancer growth in mice.

Defining immortality of stem cells to identify novel anti-aging mechanisms
With age, somatic cells such as neurons lose their ability to maintain the quality of their protein content.

Quicker and twice as accurate predictions
With ever-increasing amounts of online information available, modelling and predicting individual preferences for certain products is becoming more and more important.

Study reveals lack of supporting evidence for claims about fertility treatments
Many claims made by UK fertility clinics about the benefits of treatments beyond standard IVF procedures are not backed up by evidence, finds a study published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Modern hunter-gatherers show value of exercise
The Hadza, one of the last hunter-gatherer populations on Earth, meet the US government's weekly physical activity recommendations in just two days, and their risk for cardiovascular disease is extremely low, according to research by University of Arizona anthropologist David Raichlen.

William Small, Jr., M.D., named Loyola Senior Scientist of the Year
William Small, Jr., M.D., F.A.C.R.O., F.A.C.R., F.A.S.T.R.O., chair of the department of radiation oncology, has been named Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine's Senior Scientist of the Year.

WDS DSA announce unified requirements for Core Trustworthy Data Repositories certification
The ICSU World Data System and the Data Seal of Approval Board are pleased to announce the availability of their unified Requirements for Core Trustworthy Data Repository certification.

Staph uses nitric oxide enzyme to colonize noses
Staph bacteria colonize nasal passages through a newly discovered function for a primeval biochemical mechanism.

Bekzod Khakimov received the first Nils Foss Talent Prize
Bekzod Khakimov, from the Department of Food Science at the University of Copenhagen, is the first recipient of the Nils Foss Talent Prize.

Survey of New York City soil uncovers medicine-making microbes
Microbes have long been an invaluable source of new drugs.

World-first scientific discovery uncovered at a Melbourne beach
Melbourne's popular Middle Park beach is under the international spotlight following a world-first study by Monash University chemists who have discovered how sand 'holds its breath.'

DFG to fund 20 new research training groups
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft is establishing 20 new Research Training Groups to further support early career researchers in Germany.

Taste bud maintenance in mice requires Hedgehog signaling
Disruptions in the Hedgehog signaling pathway can interfere with taste bud maintenance in mice, potentially explaining why some cancer patients experience a loss of taste during treatment with Hedgehog-blocking drugs.

Immune system influenced by social status, but access to resources not to blame
Low social status alone can alter immune regulation, even in the absence of variation in access to resources, health care, and at-risk behaviors for health.

Optimizing fertilizer rates for wild blueberry
Researchers examined effects of soil-applied fertilizers [nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K)] in a 12-year field experiment.

Squeezing light into new miniature devices
IBS develops new optical circuit components to manipulate light. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to