Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 29, 2016
How do musician's brains work while playing?
Musical styles and strengths vary dramatically: Some musicians are better at sight reading music, while others are better at playing by ear.

Ultrafast imaging reveals existence of 'polarons'
Scientists find definitive evidence that the movement of electrons has a direct effect on atomic arrangements, driving deformations in a material's 3-D crystalline lattice in ways that can drastically alter the flow of current.

Life before oxygen
UC geologist uncovers 2.5 billion-year-old fossils of bacteria that predate the formation of oxygen.

Metamaterials open up entirely new possibilities in optics
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a method that enables them to manipulate light to follow any predetermined path along a surface.

Study examines use of deep machine learning for detection of diabetic retinopathy
In an evaluation of retinal photographs from adults with diabetes, an algorithm based on deep machine learning had high sensitivity and specificity for detecting referable diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online by JAMA.

Drugs prevent heart damage during breast cancer treatment, study show
Clinical trial shows heart medications prevent damage during chemotherapy for patients with breast cancer.

Amphetamine may slow rise of body temperature and mask fatigue to enhance endurance, study finds
Amphetamine may slow down the rise of temperature in the body and mask fatigue, which could allow athletes to run significantly longer but result in potentially dangerous overheating of muscles, according to a study.

More than 8-fold higher risk of major heart attack for under 50s who smoke
Smokers under the age of 50 are more than eight times as likely as non-smokers to have a major heart attack, making them the most vulnerable of any age group of smokers, reveals research published online in the journal Heart.

Possible origin of Saudi Arabia's Ghawar supergiant oil field
Almost every literate person knows the basics of oil. Almost every literate person also knows something about plate tectonics.

Pitt civil engineering research going viral with bacteriophages
Thanks to a recent award by the Center for Produce Safety (CPS), a researcher at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering will investigate whether crAssphage can indicate contamination in water used for irrigating crops.

New research explores patients' satisfaction with their radiologists
According to a new research study, most US radiologists receive favorable satisfaction scores from their patients.

The good, the bad and the spliceosome!
The Fas protein can either inhibit or promote the controlled cell death (apoptosis), depending on the isoform in which it occurs.

New clinical trial reveals specific milk protein may boost body's defenses against degenerative diseases
Milk containing only the A2 type protein is shown to increase a key health-promoting antioxidant in adult men and women.

Human groups key to preserving natural resources
Learning between human social groups may be key to sustaining the environment, according to a new study that uses mathematical modeling to understand what factors most influence societies to conserve natural resources.

Georgetown Lombardi hosts patient/physician symposium focused on GI cancers
The Ruesch Center for the Cure of Gastrointestinal Cancers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center hosts its 7th Annual 'Fighting a Smarter War Against Cancer,' a symposium for medical professionals, patients and advocates, Dec.

New approach predicts price trends in the stock options market
A new research paper from the University of Luxembourg outlines a novel method to identify how options traders exploit mutual fund non-fundamental price pressure on aggregate stock prices.

Patching a gap in wound care
A new study by Wyss Institute researchers demonstrates that biodegradable chitosan bioplastics can be used to bond bodily tissues to repair wounds or even to hold implanted medical devices in place.

Enhanced CRISPR lets scientists explore all steps of health and disease in every cell type
Today, in the journal Development, scientists describe how a freely available single-step system works in every cell in the body and at every stage of development.

Nanotechnology a 'green' approach to treating liver cancer
According to the American Cancer Society, more than 700,000 new cases of liver cancer are diagnosed worldwide each year.

Discovery by NUS researchers suggests new possibility in treating aggressive ovarian cancer
A study led by Dr Ruby Huang, Principal Investigator at Cancer Science Institute of Singapore at the National University of Singapore, has identified a molecule called AXL which is found to trigger the spread of an aggressive form of ovarian cancer called the Mes subtype.

Kew supports Mexico in race against time to protect incredible biodiversity
One of the world's leading botanical science research institutions, the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, is celebrating 15 years of partnerships aimed at protecting Mexico's biodiversity during this year's Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of the Parties, CBD-COP13, in Cancun from Dec.

Genetic differences in amino acid metabolism are linked to a higher risk of diabetes
A study published today in the journal PLOS Medicine has identified the five genetic variants associated with higher levels of the branched-chain amino acids isoleucine, leucine and valine.

Researchers load nanocarriers to deliver chemotherapy drugs & imaging molecules to tumors
Scientists at the University of Washington have created a system to encase chemotherapy drugs within tiny, synthetic 'nanocarrier' packages, which could be injected into patients and disassembled at the tumor site to release their toxic cargo.

New insight into why leukaemia drug is successful
Researchers at the University of Southampton have shed new light on why and how a new class of drug is effective at fighting off leukaemia.

New tool enables viewing spectrum from specific structures within samples
Fluorescence is an incredibly useful tool for experimental biology and it just got easier to tap into, thanks to the work of a group of University of Chicago researchers.

A new record at BESSY II: 10 million ions cooled for the first time to 7.4 K
Magnetic ground states spectroscopically ascertained An international team from Sweden, Japan, and Germany has set a new temperature record for what are known as quadrupole ion traps that capture electrically charged molecular ions.

New research could help replace petrochemicals with biodegradable microbial products
Researchers are actively studying polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), a family of natural polyesters produced by microorganisms that may represent biodegradable and biocompatible substitutes for petroleum-based plastics.

Virtual liver model could help reduce overdose risk from acetaminophen, other drugs
Researchers at Indiana University's Biocomplexity Institute have developed a virtual model of the human liver to better understand how the organ metabolizes acetaminophen, a common non-prescription painkiller and fever-reducer used in over-the-counter drugs such as Tylenol.

New forecast tool helps ships avoid blue whale hotspots
Researchers from NOAA Fisheries, Oregon State University and the University of Maryland have combined years of blue whale tracking data with satellite observations of ocean conditions to develop the first system for predicting locations of blue whales off the West Coast.

Research planned for unique spinning nuclei nets prize
Elena Long, a postdoctoral research associate at the University of New Hampshire, has been awarded the 2016 Jefferson Science Associates Postdoctoral Research Prize for plans to build and test a new kind of target that will allow scientists to explore the physics of spinning nuclei at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.

Immune system mechanisms -- the work of Dr. Jean-S├ębastien Delisle recognized
A new research has identified the unexpected role of Neuropilin-1, a membrane receptor, and the phenomenon of dendritic cell maturation, which is an essential link in the immune response to infection and disease.

Bad timing is depressing: Disrupting the brain's internal clock causes depressive-like behavior in mice
Disruptions of daily rhythms of the body's master internal clock cause depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in mice, reports a new study in Biological Psychiatry.

Youth fitness program, BORN TO MOVE from Les Mills, increases positive exercise outcomes
A recent study completed at Edge Hill University has found that participants in BORN TO MOVE, a youth exercise program from Les Mills, increased their push-up performance by 111 percent, significantly improved standing long-jump performance and participated in remarkably more moderate-to-intense physical activity over participants in regular school physical education (PE) classes.

Groundwater helium level could signal potential risk of earthquake
Japanese researchers have revealed a relationship between helium levels in groundwater and the amount of stress exerted on inner rock layers of the earth, found at locations near the epicenter of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake.

Education on personalized diabetes risk doesn't motivate behavior change
People who receive personalized genetic and phenotypic information on their risk of developing diabetes don't significantly increase their physical activity compared to those who get broader, generic information on diabetes, according to a randomized controlled trial of more than 500 healthy adults published in PLOS Medicine by Job Godino from the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, UK, and colleagues.

Gone with the wind: Mission conclusion for instrument to monitor ocean winds
On Sept. 21, 2014, NASA scientists and engineers launched RapidScat toward the orbiting International Space Station, 250 miles above the Earth's surface, with a few objectives in mind: improve weather forecasting on Earth, provide cross-calibration for all international satellites that monitor ocean winds, and improve estimates of how ocean winds change throughout the day, around the globe.

Tweeting #plasticsurgery -- plastic surgeons urged to engage and educate on twitter
Twitter has become an important resource for people seeking information about plastic surgery.

A new technique of antibiotic efficiency testing developed
Scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University in cooperation with colleagues have worked out a safe, not that expensive and highly efficient method, which allows to speed up and improve searching of new germicides.

UTA electrical engineering professor is named an IEEE Fellow
Qilian Liang, a professor in the Electrical Engineering Department at The University of Texas at Arlington, has been named a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

UTA researchers earn TxDOT contract to use UAVs to inspect highways, railroads
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington will lead a collaborative effort to use unmanned aerial vehicles to inspect highways and railroads remotely and develop guidelines for how to safely complete the task.

Climate change affects Swedish reindeer herding and increases tularemia
In northern Sweden, data from certain weather stations have shown that the snow season has been shortened by over two months in the last 30 years, which has huge effects on reindeer herding.

Understanding the way liquid spreads through paper
A team of researchers from India have created a model to explain how liquid diffuses through paper which has applications in medical testing and perfume manufacturing.

Walking a tight line to study the properties of soft materials
Tiny 'walking' proteins could be used to investigate mechanical deformations in soft materials according to Hokkaido University researchers.

For nonprofits, even non-finance 'capacity grants' stimulate financial growth
Research from North Carolina State University and American University finds that so-called 'capacity grants' lead to long-term financial growth for nonprofit organizations -- regardless of what the grants are for.

NIJ grant to develop investigative tool for counterfeit bills
Patrick Buzzini of Sam Houston State University received a National Institute of Justice grant to develop chemical signatures for counterfeit currency or questioned documents produced with inkjet printers that can help lead investigators back to the source.

Use of prescription analgesics differs significantly between persons with and without Alzheimer's
Approximately one third of persons with Alzheimer's disease use prescription medicines for pain after their diagnosis, reports a recent study conducted at the University of Eastern Finland.

NIH funds clinical trial to test device that heals wounds with ultrasound
The battery-powered applicator -- as small and light as a watch -- is the first portable and potentially wearable device to actively heal chronic wounds.

A molecular switch between life, sex and death
Shortly after mating, marine bristle worms die, leaving thousands of newly fertilized eggs to develop in the water.

ASH launches digital, open-access journal
Launching today, the open-access online journal Blood Advances will fill a niche that complements and expands on topics covered in Blood while also transforming the conversation between authors and readers through innovative communication tools.

Subsidized housing works better for some kids than others
Living in subsidized housing seems to give a boost to children with high standardized test scores and few behavior problems, but it has the opposite effect on students who score poorly and have behavioral issues, a new study finds.

Can I still eat this? (video)
An estimated 133 billion pounds of food gets thrown out every year in the United States, so understanding when your food goes bad is important to help reduce waste.

Mayo Clinic finds myocarditis caused by infection on rise globally
Myocarditis, an assortment of heart disorders often caused by infection and inflammation, is known to be difficult to diagnose and treat.

Inequality and social exclusion drive mental health problems in northern India
A survey of nearly 1000 households in the north Indian state of Uttarakhand showed that six percent of adults were identified as depressed.

Shorebirds studied in 'Noah's ark'
An international research group, including a scientist from the Zoological Museum (Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University) has conducted a comparative analysis of incubation rhythms in a range of shorebird species with wide geographical coverage.

New report warns of chest injuries in children after ATV accidents
Children in all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accidents are likely to suffer chest injuries, many of them serious, according to a new study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

IAU formally approves 227 star names
The creation of a specialised IAU Working Group, the Working Group on Star Names (WGSN), was approved by the IAU Executive Committee in May 2016 to formalize star names that have been used colloquially for centuries.

Platypus venom could hold key to diabetes treatment
Australian researchers have discovered remarkable evolutionary changes to insulin regulation in two of the nation's most iconic native animal species -- the platypus and the echidna -- which could pave the way for new treatments for type 2 diabetes in humans.

Brain pattern flexibility and behavior
The scientists analyzed an extensive data set of brain region connectivity from the NIH-funded Human Connectome Project (HCP) which is mapping neural connections in the brain and makes its data publicly available.

A surprizing finding shines new light on the largest group of human proteins
The study is the largest to map DNA binding sites and protein-protein interactions for C2H2-ZF proteins, the most abundant human proteins.

Belize's Glover's Reef providing refuge for new generation of sea turtles
A new generation of threatened hawksbill sea turtles is thriving in the protected waters of Glover's Reef Atoll, Belize, evidence that efforts to protect these and other marine species in one of the world's great barrier reef systems are working, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and the Belize Fisheries Department.

Researchers explore 2-D materials to devices faster, smaller and efficient
A new study by an international team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota highlights how manipulation of 2-D materials could make our modern day devices faster, smaller, and better.

Combination of new drug, CB-839, with everolimus stops advanced kidney tumors growing
The first drug to target a key metabolic enzyme that cancer cells need to keep them alive has shown that it is effective in controlling disease in patients with advanced kidney cancer when it is used in combination with another anti-cancer drug, everolimus.

China's 'missing girls' theory likely far overblown, study shows
A study by a University of Kansas researcher has found that

Glowing crystals can detect, cleanse contaminated drinking water
Motivated by public hazards associated with contaminated sources of drinking water, a team of scientists has successfully developed and tested tiny, glowing crystals that can detect and trap heavy-metal toxins like mercury and lead.

Dengue vaccine estimated to reduce disease burden in dengue-affected areas
The first available dengue vaccine, CYD-TDV (Dengvaxia), is estimated to reduce the burden of dengue and be potentially cost effective in settings where infections with dengue are common, according to a study published by Stefan Flasche from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK and an international consortium of dengue experts, in PLOS Medicine.

Depression in soldiers linked to brain disruption from injury
Using multiple brain imaging techniques, researchers have found that a disruption of the circuitry in the brain's cognitive-emotional pathways may provide a physical foundation for depression symptoms in some service members who have suffered mild traumatic brain injury in combat.

Women are not affected by their menstrual cycle during exercise heat stress
Menstrual cycle phase does not affect a woman's autonomic heat responses (skin blood flow and sweating) at rest or during fixed intensity exercise.

Telescopic walls could rise on demand to stop flood waters
An University at Buffalo Ph.D. student received a $225,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a system of telescoping concrete boxes to be used as 'rise on demand' flood walls.

Digital microbes for munching yourself healthy
A research team at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg has taken an important step in modelling the complexity of the human gut's bacterial communities -- the microbiome -- on the computer.

This is your brain on God: Spiritual experiences activate brain reward circuits
Religious and spiritual experiences activate the brain reward circuits in much the same way as love, sex, gambling, drugs and music, report researchers at the University of Utah School of Medicine.

Oil recycled from discarded tires gives a cleaner diesel blend
QUT's Biofuel Engine Research Facility tested the oil extracted from old tyres in a process developed by Australian company Green Distillation Tecnologies (GDT) and found that when blended with diesel it produced a lower emission fuel with same performance.

Georgia State opens South Pole Solar Observatory in Antarctica
Dr. Stuart Jefferies, professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Georgia State University, will lead a multi-institutional team in opening the South Pole Solar Observatory in Antarctica and installing and operating instruments that will record high-resolution images of the sun.

Enzyme research provides a new picture of depression
Depression is the predominant mental disease and constitutes the most common cause of morbidity in developed countries.

Bumpy surfaces, graphene beat the heat in devices
Graphene and a patterned interface may be the key to dispersing heat from next-generation microelectronics, according to a new study at Rice University.

DFG to fund 14 new Collaborative Research Centres
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft will establish 14 new Collaborative Research Centres to investigate topics such as practices of comparison, neutrinos, dark matter, and the robustness of vision.

Genomics technique could accelerate detection of foodborne bacterial outbreaks
A new testing methodology based on metagenomics could accelerate the diagnosis of foodborne bacterial outbreaks, allowing public health officials to identify the microbial culprits in less than a day.

Kansas State University agronomist Vara Prasad selected as AAAS fellow
The American Association for the Advancement of Science is honoring Vara Prasad, Kansas State University distinguished professor of agronomy, as one of its 2016 fellows.

Yale-NUS professor's discovery of alarm response in medaka fish furthers analysis of fear
Yale-NUS Assistant Professor of Science Dr. Ajay Mathuru has discovered that the medaka fish has an 'alarm response' to a type of semiochemical released due to physical injuries sustained by another member of its kind.

Swimming, racquet sports, and aerobics linked to best odds of staving off death
In terms of exercise, swimming, racquet sports, and aerobics seem to be associated with the best odds of staving off death from any cause and from heart disease and stroke, in particular, suggests research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Young children's spatial talk predicts their spatial abilities
University of Wisconsin-Madison researcher Hilary Miller is studying the way 4-year-olds use words to describe spatial relationships.

Cancer patients take comfort in peer stories on online forums
When faced with potentially life-threatening diseases such as cancer, people often seek information about the disease and support from peers.

CSU researchers maximize research through new NIH grants
Three researchers from Colorado State University are among the 93 scientists across the country who recently received the Maximizing Investigators' Research Award, or MIRA, from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences.

1 in 7 people living with HIV in the EU/EEA are not aware of their HIV status
Almost 30,000 newly diagnosed HIV infections were reported by the 31 European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries in 2015, according to data published today by ECDC and the WHO Regional Office for Europe.

Using drugs for different diseases than initially intended for
Thousands of drugs have the potential to be effective against other diseases than they were developed for.

Crunching the numbers: Researchers use math in search for diabetes cure
New research by mathematics Professor Richard Bertram has successfully reactivated oscillations in insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells -- one of the first necessary steps to resurrecting the dormant cells and restoring the production of insulin.

HSS offers joint replacement seminar for orthopedic surgeons from Greece
Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) will host surgeons from Greece for an annual symposium dedicated to teaching the latest techniques and innovations in complex hip and knee reconstruction.

Mobbing mongooses get by with a little help from their friends
In their notorious battles with snakes, dwarf mongooses are more likely to help attack the enemy if they are closely bonded to the individual raising the alarm, reports new experimental research from scientists at the University of Bristol.

Carlos Moreno honored by Spring Branch Community Health Center
Carlos Moreno, M.D., chairman of the Department of Family and Community Medicine at McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, has been recognized for his contributions to community health by Spring Branch Community Health Center.

Study suggests handwashing compliance in child care facilities is insufficient
Child care personnel properly clean their hands less than one-quarter of the times they are supposed to, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Institute on the Environment researchers produce map of farming households across the world
A new study led by researchers at the University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment attempts to fill this crucial knowledge gap using household census data made available by the Minnesota Population Center to identify and map smallholder farms in developing countries.

New fabrication technique leads to broader sunlight absorption in plastic solar cells
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new strategy for fabricating more efficient plastic solar cells.

Cycad seed tissue loaded with carbohydrates
University of Guam scientists study sugar and starch relationship of cycad seeds.

Learning makes animals intelligent
The fact that animals can use tools, have self-control and certain expectations of life can be explained with the help of a new learning model for animal behavior.

Management of feral horses an ongoing challenge in the United States
Feral horses are free-ranging descendants of once-domesticated horses. All free-ranging horses in North America are feral horses, and between 2014 and 2015 the feral horse population in the United States increased 18 percent according to the Bureau of Land Management.

EDGE bioinformatics brings genomics to everyone
A new bioinformatics platform called Empowering the Development of Genomics Expertise (EDGE) will help democratize the genomics revolution by allowing users with limited bioinformatics expertise to quickly analyze and interpret genomic sequence data.

New website uses big data to address underrepresentation of women in philosophy
A new website created by faculty and students at Binghamton University, State University of New York ranks university philosophy departments and academic journals by gender in order to draw attention to the underrepresentation of women in philosophy.

Researchers tweak enzyme 'assembly line' to improve antibiotics
Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a way to make pinpoint changes to an enzyme-driven 'assembly line' that will enable scientists to improve or change the properties of existing antibiotics as well as create designer compounds.

World-first research sheds light on the origin of the baleen whale
Monash University scientists have played a key role in discovering the origin of filter feeding in baleen whales -- the largest animal known to have ever existed.

Study explains evolution phenomenon that puzzled Darwin
Why do some animals have extravagant, showy ornaments -- think deer antlers, peacock feathers and horns on beetles -- that can be a liability to survival?

Policy changes needed for promoting physical activity in group home settings
Increased physical activity for group home residents and the potentially huge health care savings that could come with it hinge on people who run the homes making health-promoting behaviors a priority.

Deep insights from surface reactions
Using the Stampede supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center, researchers have developed biosensors that can speed up drug development, designed improved materials for desalinization, and explored new ways of generating energy from bacteria.

Examining the revolutionary rise of online learning
While some consider online learning to be the future of education, others question the value of classroom instruction that occurs outside of the traditional classroom setting.

Squeezed states of light can improve feedback cooling significantly
In a recent proof-of-principle experiment, published in Nature Communications, researchers from DTU Physics have demonstrated how quantum-engineered states of light can enhance the efficiency of feedback cooling beyond the classical bounds in an optomechanical setting.

Sometimes just watching hurts -- and the signs of pain are seen in the brain
Some people claim to experience pain just watching something painful to happen.

Marijuana use gender gap widens, mainly among low-income Americans
A new study found that the prevalence of past-year marijuana use increased for both men and women between 2002 and 2014.

Military environment
Military installations in the United States are home to a surprisingly large number of threatened and endangered species, leaving the Department of Defense (DoD) with the critical dual responsibilities of ensuring that it provides the finest military readiness training to American service members and also that it protects the species that call those facilities home.

Toddlers may know when you are not telling the truth, say Singapore and US experts
A new study has shown that toddlers as young as two-and-a-half years old can understand when others have different thoughts from them -- much earlier than the age of 4 as traditionally thought.

Neuro Kinetics announces transformational concussion paper published on PLOS ONE
Neuro Kinetics, Inc. (NKI), the leader in clinical eye-tracking and non-invasive neuro-otologic diagnostic testing, announces the publication of an important study in the field of concussion detection that illustrates the potential clinical utility of an integrated, multi-modal battery of oculomotor, vestibular, and reaction time tests.

NIH welcomes new researchers to third annual BRAIN Initiative meeting
The NIH will host a meeting of nearly 1,000 people who are part of the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, a large-scale public and private effort to develop new tools and technologies to understand the healthy and diseased brain.

Walking faster after stroke, managing chemobrain after cancer
New gate guidelines developed by Courage Kenny Rehabilitation Institute doubled stroke patients' walking speeds.

Daily reminders to increase calcium intake are effective
Mary Jung, an assistant professor of health and exercise sciences at UBC's Okanagan campus, recently completed a nationwide study with more than 730 Canadians who were not meeting Canada's recommended dietary intake for calcium.

UA researcher explores male perceptions about HPV
Maggie Pitts, who found that public messages tended to reinforce perceptions that human papillomavirus, or HPV, was a 'woman's issue,' began investigating male perceptions of HPV and the vaccine.

For refugees seeking asylum, medical exams are in short supply
A new study shows how physicians and mental health professionals can play a crucial, objective role in the process by which refugees apply for asylum in the US, by documenting the scars of physical and emotional abuse.

USDA awards $6.7 million for research to support healthy agroecosystems
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced 18 grants totaling more than $6.7 million for research to discover how components of the agroecosystem from soil, water and sun to plants, animals and people, interact with and affect food production.

Genetic link to fatal health condition could aid future treatment
University of Leicester researchers lead study into abdominal aortic aneurysm.

UTSA professor receives grant for therapeutic underwater virtual reality game
John Quarles, an associate professor of computer science at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $240,000 grant from the National Science Foundation for his top-tier underwater virtual reality research.

Ants communicate by mouth-to-mouth fluid exchange
Liquids shared mouth-to-mouth by social insects contain proteins and small molecules that can influence the development and organization of their colonies, according to new findings published in eLife.

Live cell imaging of asymmetric cell division in fertilized plant cells
Plant biologists have succeeded for the first time in visualizing how egg cells in plants divides unequally (asymmetric cell division) after being fertilized.

Creating new physical properties in materials
A collaborative effort between research groups at the Technical University of Freiberg and the University of Siegen in Germany demonstrates that the physical properties of SrTiO3, or strontium titanate, in its single crystal form can be changed by a relatively simple electrical treatment.

'Listening' to signals traveling through bridges for diagnosing damage
A group of Clarkson University mathematicians and a civil engineer developed a passive and noninvasive approach to 'listen' to a collection of relevant signals from bridges and other mechanical structures to diagnose changes or damage.

Huntington's disease affects muscle as well as neurons, study reveals
Researchers have discovered that mice with Huntington's disease (HD) suffer defects in muscle maturation that may explain some symptoms of the disorder.

Omnipath sends strong signal
Omnipath unifies 27 data resources on biological pathways, helping scientists better understand interactions between signalling proteins.

Patients should stop using e-cigarettes before plastic surgery, experts conclude
Cigarette smokers are at increased risk of complications after plastic surgery.

Researchers develop novel wound-healing technology
A WSU research team has successfully used a mild electric current to take on and beat drug-resistant bacterial infections, a technology that may eventually be used to treat chronic wound infections.

Mysteries of enzyme mechanism revealed
International team led by University of Leicester unveil a hidden step in enzyme mechanism.

Parents should avoid pressuring young children over grades, ASU study says
New research from ASU suggests parents shouldn't obsess over grades and extracurricular activities for young schoolchildren, especially if such ambitions come at the expense of social skills and kindness.

Link found between epilepsy drugs and birth defects
A joint study conducted by researchers from the universities of Liverpool and Manchester has found a link between birth defects and certain types of epilepsy medication.

Evidence of brain injury found in young NFL players
In a small study of young or recently retired NFL players, researchers at Johns Hopkins report finding evidence of brain injury and repair that is visible on imaging from the players compared to a control group of men without a history of concussion.

UH team wins $50,000 to learn how to start innovative food safety business
Moving out of their comfort zone as accomplished researchers to become novice entrepreneurs, a team from the University of Houston just won $50,000 to learn how to start a business.

Does investment in sustainable farming pay off?
With the rise of impact investing, there has been a jump in investment strategies promoting sustainable agriculture.

Sustainable Development Goals lead to lower population growth
Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals would significantly slow population growth, according to a new study.

Using sound to stop destructive beetles in their tracks
What would the paradise of Hawaii be without swaying coconut palms, with succulent fruit that is almost synonymous with the tropical island?

Sports that will save your life revealed: New research
An international research collaboration, led by University of Sydney, has found that cycling, swimming, aerobics and racquet sports offer life saving benefits compared to running and football.

Alcohol consumption shows no effect on coronary arteries
Researchers using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) have found no association between light to moderate alcohol consumption and coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a study being presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Ready for takeoff
Nervous flyers and crew alike would prefer jet airliners not to vibrate so much at take off.

Synchronized swimming: How startled fish shoals effectively evade danger
As panic spreads, an entire shoal (collective) of fish responds to an incoming threat in a matter of seconds, seemingly as a single body, to change course and evade a threatening predator. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to