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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | November 30, 2016


Princeton-led team finds new method to improve predictions
Researchers at Princeton, Columbia and Harvard have created a new method to analyze big data that better predicts outcomes in health care, politics and other fields.
New guidelines for the investigation of sudden unexpected death in infancy launched
National guidance for professionals handling cases of sudden unexpected child death which draws upon University of Warwick expertise are published today.
'Mic check' for marine mammals
Hearing is a vital sense for marine mammals who use it to forage, communicate and navigate.
Mending a broken heart: New advanced heart patch developed
Researchers have made a significant advance in heart attack research, with the development of a polymer patch which improves the conduction of electrical impulses across damaged heart tissue.
Drug delivery modification sidesteps allergic responses
Duke has developed an altered version of the polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymer used to ferry drugs in the bloodstream that seems to evade PEG antibodies already present in humans due to its common use in consumer goods.
Modeling offers new perspective on how Pluto's 'icy heart' came to be
Pluto's 'icy heart' is a bright, two-lobed feature on its surface that has attracted researchers ever since its discovery.
Certification would ensure quality welfare during cattle transport
Over 530,000 cattle are shipped to slaughter plants each week, making the transport of cattle a vitally important part of the beef and dairy industries.
How did web-based cognitive therapy work for insomnia?
How well did a web-based cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia intervention work in a randomized clinical trial?
After concussion, rest may not always be the best medicine, experts say
Prescribed rest -- both physical and mental -- is the standard treatment for concussion.
New research provides key insight about mitochondrial replacement therapy
A new study suggests a method for conducting mitochondrial replacement therapy in such a way that safely prevents the transmission of harmful mitochondrial gene mutations from mothers to their children.
Prescribing of baclofen for alcohol dependence 'should be reconsidered'
The drug baclofen has received high visibility as a possible breakthrough treatment for alcohol dependence.
VTT's spin off company to measure shopping intentions in physical stores
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a unique solution to measure in-store shopper's intentions.
Towards therapeutic applications of mRNA: New insights into translation and decapping
Gene therapy gives hope to millions of patients. Researchers from the University of Warsaw have been working on mRNA containing a modified fragment which initiates protein biosynthesis.
A receptor discovered for progranulin
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University's Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center discovered a cell-surface receptor highly expressed by cancerous and brain cells that directly and tightly binds progranulin.
Shifts in mating strategies help herbicide-resistant 'superweeds' persist
Herbicide-resistant 'superweeds' change their mating strategies over time, an evolutionary shift that helps them hold onto valuable genes and outcompete other plants, according to a new study from University of Michigan researchers.
Losses of soil carbon under global warming might equal US emissions
A new global assessment led by Yale researchers finds that warming will drive the loss of at least 55 trillion kilograms of carbon from the soil by mid-century, or about 17% more than the projected emissions due to human-related activities during that period.
Throwing new light on printed organic solar cells
Researchers at the University of Surrey have achieved record power conversion efficiencies for large area organic solar cells.
Brain training video games help low-vision kids see better
A new study by vision scientists at the University of Rochester and Vanderbilt University found that children with poor vision see vast improvement in their peripheral vision after only eight hours of training on kid-friendly video games.
International kudos
Nobel laureate David Gross is recognized by Chinese and Russian science academies for his continuing work in theoretical physics.
Levels of total cholesterol, LDL-C, triglycerides continue to decline among US adults
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Asher Rosinger, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Md., and colleagues examined whether earlier trends of a decline (between 1999 and 2010) in average levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low­ density lipoprotein cholesterol continued.
Cyclic change within magma reservoirs affects the explosivity of volcanic eruptions
A new study published in Geology uses pockets of melts trapped within crystals to understand the conditions occurring beneath volcanoes before explosive eruptions.
Young cancer survivors have twice the risk of suicide
Survivors of cancer diagnosed before the age of 25 had a more than two-fold increased risk of suicide compared to their non-cancer peers.
Physics, photosynthesis and solar cells
A University of California, Riverside assistant professor has combined photosynthesis and physics to make a key discovery that could help make solar cells more efficient.
New strategy may drop cancer's guard
A drug used now to treat Type 2 diabetes may someday beat breast and ovarian cancers, but not until researchers decode the complex interactions that in some cases help promote tumors, say Rice researchers.
Improving the mechanical properties of polymer gels through molecular design
Research conducted at Nagoya University has revealed that the strength of normally brittle polymer gels can be increased using a design in which mobile cross-linking units are threaded on a polymer.
NTU and Stratasys 3iD print operational ULTEM drone with embedded electronics
Researchers at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore have 3-D printed a ready-to-fly drone with embedded electronics using aerospace-grade material.
Partnership of LongeVC and Insilico Medicine to screen for projects maximizing longevity dividend
Insilico Medicine today announced a research collaboration with LongeVC, a venture fund dedicated to investing in companies targeting aging and age-related diseases.
Vital vaccine could 'reduce burden' of dengue disease in hardest-hit regions
A team of international researchers, including Dr. Mario Recker from the University of Exeter, have looked at the impact and cost-effectiveness of the vaccine, called Dengvaxia, under a host of varying conditions.
Save the date; Less than 6 months to The International Liver CongressTM 2017
We are delighted to invite you to attend the 52nd Annual Congress of EASL, The European Association for the Study of the Liver.
Human ancestor 'Lucy' was a tree climber, new evidence suggests
Evidence preserved in the internal skeletal structure of the world-famous fossil, Lucy, suggests the ancient human species frequently climbed trees, according to a new analysis by scientists from The Johns Hopkins University and The University of Texas at Austin.
Mystery of biological plastic synthesis machinery unveiled
In two papers published back-to-back in Biotechnology Journal online on Nov.
Flu forecasts successful on neighborhood level
Scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health developed a computer model to predict the onset, duration, and magnitude of influenza outbreaks for New York City boroughs and neighborhoods.
Just keep going
Wits University researchers measured resilience in HIV patients objectively for the first time and found that being more resilient did not associate with being more active or having lower pain intensity.
Stop smoking! Quitting at any age reduces the risk of death after 70
Most studies of cigarette smoking and mortality have focused on middle-aged populations, with fewer studies examining the impact of tobacco cessation on disease and mortality risk among the elderly.
Big data analytics -- nostradamus of the 21st century
The future of election polling will be based on social media comments and data, according to a Griffith University researcher who correctly predicted Donald Trump as US President.
Lack of sleep costing US economy up to $411 billion per year
A lack of sleep among the US working population is costing the economy up to $411 billion a year, which is 2.28 percent of the country's GDP, a new report finds.
Authoritarian regimes use rhetoric to legitimize their power
Leaders of authoritarian regimes in Central Asia have been able to use rhetoric to define their power as legitimate to the public despite practices of human rights violations and clamping down on dissent, according to a new study by a University of Kansas expert on international relations.
People matter
An interdisciplinary study released this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America combines social and physical science in new ways, seeking to understand how changes in Arctic resource-sharing behaviors could affect highly cooperative communities and the households within.
Most people with depression receive inadequate treatment or no care at all
The vast majority of people with depression across the world are not receiving even minimally adequate treatment for their condition, according to a new study of more than 50,000 people in 21 countries by King's College London, Harvard Medical School and the World Health Organization (WHO).
An agent used to treat psoriasis may be aimed at the wrong target
The antibody ustekinumab is being used successfully for the treatment of psoriasis since 2009.
Loss of soil carbon due to climate change will be 'huge'
55 trillion kilograms: that's how much carbon could be released into the atmosphere from the soil by mid-century if climate change isn't stopped.
Prohibiting sperm donor anonymity could reduce the number of donors
A new study published in the Journal of Law and the Biosciences suggests that prohibiting anonymous sperm donation would result in a decline in the number of donors, and that those willing to donate would likely demand compensation for donation.
Sedentary lifestyle may impair academic performance in boys
A sedentary lifestyle is linked to poorer reading skills in the first three school years in 6-8 year old boys, according to a new study from Finland.
How highs and lows in testosterone levels 'shock' prostate cancer cells to death
A strategy of alternately flooding and starving the body of testosterone is producing good results in patients who have metastatic prostate cancer that is resistant to treatment by chemical or surgical castration, according to new findings.
Sellers 3.5 times more influential than buyers in driving e-commerce platform growth
E-commerce platforms, such as Uber and eBay, face the dilemma of what is more lucrative, supporting the needs of the buyers or the sellers.
Increased risk of blood clots soon after starting testosterone treatment
Starting testosterone treatment is associated with an increased risk of serious blood clots (known as venous thromboembolism or VTE) that peaks within six months and declines gradually thereafter, concludes a study in The BMJ today.
World AIDS Day -- Liverpool leads research project to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Researchers from the University of Liverpool's Institute of Translational Medicine have been awarded a grant of up to US$ 8.9 million (GBP £5.8m) to lead a multinational research consortium that aims to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
UT Dallas WindSTAR team works to improve the energy of air
For three consecutive years, the Department of Mechanical Engineering at UT Dallas has received funding from the National Science Foundation to support a center that, in partnership with industry, conducts research to increase the amount of energy the nation gets from wind.
A method for storing vaccines at room temperature
Several simple and inexpensive techniques make it possible to store antiviral-vaccines at room temperature for several months.
Controlled electron pulses
The discovery of photoemission, the emission of electrons from a material caused by light striking it, was an important element in the history of physics for the development of quantum mechanics.
Study shows thinning of brain tissue remains in college football players
A new study from researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine, show that even college-level athletes may be vulnerable to the effects of head trauma, and that even several years after graduation, college football players continue to show evidence of neuropathic brain changes.
Aerobic exercise preserves brain volume and improves cognitive function
Using a new MRI technique, researchers found that adults with mild cognitive impairment who exercised four times a week over a six-month period experienced an increase in brain volume in specific, or local, areas of the brain, but adults who participated in aerobic exercise experienced greater gains than those who just stretched.
It's a bird... It's a plane... It's the tiniest asteroid!
A team led by UA astronomer Vishnu Reddy has characterized the smallest known asteroid using Earth-based telescopes.
Benefits of daily aspirin outweigh risk to stomach
Stomach bleeds caused by aspirin are considerably less serious than the spontaneous bleeds that can occur in people not taking the drug, concludes a study led by Cardiff University.
Untangling fibril formation and dissociation in Parkinson's disease
A new study reveals the pathway into amyloid species formation and neurotoxic seeding mechanism leading to Parkinson's disease.
Less division of labor in the brains of people with autism
A new study by neuropsychologists at San Diego State University suggests that in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) the brains' hemispheres are less likely to specialize one way or another.
Breaking good: School students make costly drug cheaply using open source approach
High school students under University of Sydney guidance have shown how simple it is to make a version of the life-saving medicine Daraprim, whose price was the subject of controversy last year when it jumped more than 5,000 percent.
HIV patients showing signs of multidrug resistance in Africa
Significant numbers of patients whose HIV strains developed resistance to older generation drugs are also resistant to modern drugs, finds a new study led by UCL (University College London) and funded by Wellcome.
Study examines effect of privacy controls on Facebook behavior
A new study from the Naveen Jindal School of Management at UT Dallas assesses the impact of Facebook's granular privacy controls and its effects on user disclosure behavior.
Does metabolic syndrome affect cognitive abilities?
A new study of US adolescents shows an association between metabolic syndrome and impairments in reading, attention, and working memory.
Preserving fertility in girls and young women with cancer 'haphazard' say experts
Preserving fertility in girls and young women with cancer is 'haphazard' across the UK, argue experts in an editorial published by The BMJ today.
NASA sees Tropical Storm Nada affected by wind shear
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite revealed that wind shear was affecting Tropical Cyclone Nada in the Northern Indian Ocean.
A new probe may aid in complete removal of cancer tissue during surgery
An optical fiber probe can distinguish cancer tissue and normal tissue at the margins of a tumor being excised, in real time, by detecting the difference in pH between the two types of tissue.
College students' use of private loans drops by half
A new report by education researchers at RTI International found that the use of private student loans dropped by half between 2008 and 2012.
Urine test for fatigue could help prevent accidents
Doctors, pilots, air traffic controllers and bus drivers have at least one thing in common -- if they're exhausted at work, they could be putting lives at risk.
Zika and glaucoma linked for first time in new study
A team of researchers in Brazil and at the Yale School of Public Health has published the first report demonstrating that the Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants who were exposed to the virus during gestation.
This Week from AGU 11/30/2016
This Week from AGU: New study shows induced earthquakes affect stream discharge
Geographers provide new insight into commuter megaregions of the US
Geographers from Dartmouth College and the University of Sheffield provide new insight into the economic geography of commuter megaregions in the US, by using an empirical approach that combines visual interpretation with statistical analysis.
Efficient catalysts key to turning water into fuel
Griffith University researchers continue to lead the way in harnessing renewable energy sources that will be the next generation of clean fuel, as well as enhanced solar conversion and energy storage devices.
Tracking terrestrial animals
What does the detection of enemy planes during WWI have to do with locating endangered Mojave ground squirrels?
GPM sees deadly tornadic storms moving through US Southeast
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite gathered rainfall data on the severe storms that impacted the southeastern US over two days.
Risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes affected by PCSK9 and HMGCR genetic variations
In a new study in The New England Journal of Medicine, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, and a collaboration of international researchers, studied variants in the genes encoding HMGCR (the target of statins) and PCSK9 (the target of PCSK9 inhibitors) that affect cholesterol levels, and found that variants that lowered LDL cholesterol in each gene were associated with nearly identical protective effects on the risk of cardiovascular events per unit reduction in LDL cholesterol.
Researchers identify cause for lower-extremity overgrowths in obese patients
Morbidly obese individuals are prone to overgrowths in their lower extremities that can lead to infections and other health-threatening complications.
How to ensure the safety of cosmetics
In recent years, environmental groups have been calling out cosmetic preservatives as suspected endocrine disruptors, cancer-causing agents and skin irritants.
Suggestions for you: A better, faster recommendation algorithm
Researchers from the Santa Fe Institute and the Universitat Rovira i Virgili unveil a more accurate, efficient algorithm for Internet recommendations.
Tailor-made membranes for the environment
The combustion of fossil energy carriers in coal and gas power plants produces waste gases that are harmful to the environment.
Vapors from some flavored e-liquids contain high levels of aldehydes
Traditional cigarettes pose a well-established risk to smokers' health, but the effects of electronic cigarettes are still being determined.
Intensification of land use leads to the same species everywhere
In places where humans use grasslands more intensively, it is not only the species diversity which decreases -- the landscape also becomes more monotonous, and ultimately only the same species remain everywhere.
Permafrost loss changes Yukon River chemistry with global implications
New USGS-led research shows that permafrost loss due to a rapidly warming Alaska is leading to significant changes in the freshwater chemistry and hydrology of Alaska's Yukon River Basin with potential global climate implications.
Teenagers could see long-term benefits from new treatments for depression
More than two-thirds of adolescents who suffer from depression could see long-term benefits from receiving one of three psychological treatments - of which only one is currently recommended on the NHS - according to research published today in The Lancet Psychiatry.
Prominent geophysicist Marcia McNutt named 30th DRI Nevada Medalist
The Desert Research Institute (DRI) proudly announces the selection of Dr.
Screening to blame for thyroid cancer 'epidemic' in South Korea
The current 'epidemic' of thyroid cancer in South Korea is due to an increase in the detection of small tumors, most likely as a result of overdetection by screening, finds a study published by The BMJ today.
Human ancestor 'Lucy' was a tree climber, new evidence suggests
Since the discovery of the fossil dubbed Lucy 42 years ago this month, paleontologists have debated whether the 3-million-year-old human ancestor spent all of her time walking on the ground or instead combined walking with frequent tree climbing.
Aspirin regimen for older adults has long-term benefits
University of Southern California researchers found 900,000 older Americans could extend their lives and stave off heart attacks and colorectal cancer with a daily aspirin regimen.
I get by with help from my friends: Maintaining immune cells in head and neck cancer
In an article published Sept. 22, 2016 in Frontiers in Immunology, researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina and the Ralph H.
£226 million UK investment in cancer research announced
Cancer Research UK has announced the largest investment to date into its network of Centres across the UK.
XROMM, an influential 3-D, X-ray technology for biomechanics, gains new capabilities
Two recent papers describe the latest ways that XROMM technology, which has spread to dozens of similar research facilities worldwide, enables studies of human and animal motion in previously unseen detail.
World first MRI study sheds light on heart damage during kidney dialysis
Experts in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and kidney disease have carried out the first ever scans to study the heart function of kidney patients while they are having dialysis treatment.
'Tennessine' acknowledges state institutions' roles in element's discovery
The recently discovered element 117 has been officially named 'tennessine' in recognition of Tennessee's contributions to its discovery, including the efforts of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and its Tennessee collaborators at Vanderbilt University and the University of Tennessee.
Gluten-free diet may not reduce intestinal damage in all children with celiac disease
In surprising findings, researchers from MassGeneral Hospital for Children (MGHfC) and Boston Children's Hospital (BCH) have discovered that nearly one in five children with celiac disease sustained persistent intestinal damage, despite strict adherence to a gluten-free diet.
TGen, City of Hope combine to advance precision medicine and speed translational research
City of Hope, a world-renowned independent research and cancer and diabetes treatment center, and Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), a leading biomedical research institute, announced today that they have formed an alliance to make precision medicine a reality for patients.
Exploring why an anticoagulant might create blood clots
An oral anticoagulant drug given to some heart disease patients may actually enhance blood clot formation, according to a new study.
New research: Feeling bad has academic benefits
New research shows that the occasional bout of bad feelings can actually improve students' academic success.
John Friedlander and Henryk Iwaniec to receive 2017 AMS Doob prize
John Friedlander of the University of Toronto and Henryk Iwaniec of Rutgers University will receive the 2017 AMS Joseph L.
Acupuncture improved mastectomy recovery in Abbott Northwestern Hospital study
Study showed that inpatient acupuncture is feasible, significantly reduced patients' pain, nausea and anxiety and improved their ability to cope.
ANU demonstrates 'ghost imaging' with atoms
A team of physicists at the Australian National University have used a technique known as 'ghost imaging' to create an image of an object from atoms that never interact with it.
Post M&A's layoffs moderated, corporate takeovers cut when labor protections strengthened
An examination of takeover activity in OECD countries has found that increased job protections have a major impact on corporate mergers and acquisitions, driving down activity while cutting the synergy gains associated with it.
Scientists identify unique genomic features in testicular cancer
Researchers led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute say they have identified unique genomic changes that may be integral to testicular cancer development and explain why the great majority are highly curable with chemotherapy -- unlike most solid tumors.
Scientists find new conclusions for how sauropod claws were used
Paleontologists at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History studied footprints of sauropod dinosaurs and found that the function of their claws were used for digging, challenging the long-held notion that sauropod claw function was to aid in gripping substrates.
€1.3m study could pave way for therapies to repair spinal cord
Brain scientists are using tropical fish to investigate how the spinal cord can be coaxed to repair itself after injury.
UCLA astronomers watch star clusters spewing out dust
A team led by UCLA astronomers has used new data to show that stars are responsible for producing dust on galactic scales.
Community college student success may be improved by 1-stop social services, study finds
Community colleges across the nation struggle to improve student completion rates.
Mount Sinai surgeons remove thyroid gland through hidden incision underneath the lip
A team of surgeons at Mount Sinai Beth Israel have performed the first endoscopic transoral thyroidectomy in New York, and one of the first of its kind in the nation.
Agreement signed between Kumamoto University, Japan and the Institut Pasteur, France
Kumamoto University, Japan and the Institut Pasteur, France held a signing ceremony for institutional cooperation agreement followed by a workshop on reproductive engineering technology at the end of October 2016.
Manmade earthquakes in Oklahoma on the decline
Stanford scientists predict that over the next few years, the rate of induced earthquake in Oklahoma will decrease significantly, but the possibility for damaging earthquakes to occur will remain high.
Researchers tackle challenge of communicating with test flights using weaker frequencies
University of Kansas researchers just earned a $2.5 million contract from the National Spectrum Consortium to develop a new generation of communication technologies for airborne vehicles on US test ranges.
New imaging method can detect, monitor and guide treatment for, prostate cancer
An international group of researchers report success in mice of a method of using positron emission tomography (PET) scans to track, in real time, an antibody targeting a hormone receptor pathway specifically involved in prostate cancer.
Preschoolers' expectations shape how they interpret speech
When we listen to people speak, we aren't just hearing the sounds they're making, we're also actively trying to infer what they're going to say.
Online epidemic tracking tool embraces open data and collective intelligence
Researchers from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and Imperial College London have developed Microreact, a free, real-time epidemic visualization and tracking platform that has been used to monitor outbreaks of Ebola, Zika and antibiotic-resistant microbes.
Overlooked elements of language and literature play a key role
Everything is pointing towards success in unravelling the mysteries inherent in every human language, which for nearly 100 years have been an object of intrigue for mathematicians and linguists working on studies into statistics of literature.
Mimicking bug eyes could brighten reflective signs and clothes
That bright, reflective coating used on road signs, bicycles and clothing are important safety measures at night.
Promising results from new drug combination in patients with advanced solid tumors
An experimental drug called TAS-114, which has the potential to increase the anti-cancer effects of chemotherapy without increasing adverse side effects, has shown promising results in patients with hard-to-treat cancers in a phase I clinical trial.
Better understanding phagocytes
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in regulating the body's fluid levels and blood pressure.
Interrupting sitting time improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes
A new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) suggests that a 'Sit Less' intervention -- breaking sitting with standing and light-intensity walking -- may be an alternative to structured exercise to promote blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes, giving improved 24-hour glucose levels and improved insulin sensitivity.
Results from 3 ground-breaking studies show early benefit to patients
The 'revolution in the understanding of cancer at the molecular level' has led to dramatic responses in cancer patients to new therapies that are targeted precisely at their particular type of tumors, according to an expert.
Vitamin D status in newborns and risk of MS in later life
Babies born with low levels of vitamin D may be more likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) later in life than babies with higher levels of vitamin D, according to a study published in the Nov.
Quantum obstacle course changes material from superconductor to insulator
Researchers from Brown University have shown a way to break superconductivity by disrupting the coherence of superconducting Cooper pairs.
Peptides as tags in fluorescence microscopy
Advance in biomedical imaging: The Biocenter of the University of Würzburg in close collaboration with the University of Copenhagen has developed an alternative approach to fluorescent tagging of proteins.
Bone scans suggest early hominin 'Lucy' spent significant time in trees
Scans of bones from 'Lucy,' the 3.18 million-year-old Australopithecus afarensis fossil, suggest that the relative strength of her arms and legs was in between that of modern chimpanzees and modern humans, according to a study published Nov.
Laser technique boosts aerial imaging of woodlands
A ground-breaking technique which allows green spaces to be mapped in 3-D from an aircraft could boost biodiversity, aid human wellbeing and even help protect rainforests.
Inflammatory complications of immunodeficiency disease may benefit from imaging technique
A new proof of concept study has shown that an imaging technique more commonly used to assess cancer patients may also be of help in assessing disease and treatment effects in patients with inflammatory diseases.
Even mildly excessive body iron stores increase the risk of type 2 diabetes
Even mildly elevated body iron contributes to the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes, according to research from the University of Eastern Finland.
GW researcher develops mouse model for studying development of visual cortex
Matthew Colonnese, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology and physiology at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, published a paper in the Journal of Neuroscience establishing a mouse model for human fetal electrographic development.
Penn scientists use CRISPR for first time to correct clotting in newborn and adult mice
CRISPR/Cas9, a powerful genome editing tool, is showing promise for efficient correction of disease-causing mutations.
Raju Venugopalan awarded prestigious Humboldt Research Award
Raju Venugopalan, a senior physicist at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and an adjunct professor at Stony Brook University, has been awarded a Humboldt Research Award for his remarkable achievements in theoretical nuclear physics.
Standing up may unmask cognitive deficits in patients with Parkinson's
This study shows that when patients with Parkinson's disease experience a drop in blood pressure upon standing up -- a condition known as orthostatic hypotension (OH) -- they exhibit significant cognitive deficits.
Virus-inspired delivery system transfers microscopic cargo between human cells
Scientists from the University of Utah and University of Washington have developed blueprints that instruct human cells to assemble a virus-like delivery system that can transport custom cargo from one cell to another.
Analysis of Iron Age ceramics suggests complex pattern of Eastern Mediterranean trade
Cypriot-style pottery may have been locally produced as well as imported and traded in Turkey during the Iron Age, according to a study published Nov.
Going against the grain -- nitrogen turns out to be hypersociable!
Nitrogen is everywhere: even in the air there is four times as much of it as oxygen.
Allen Institute for cell science releases gene edited human stem cell lines
The Allen Institute for Cell Science has released the Allen Cell Collection: the first publicly available collection of gene edited, fluorescently tagged human induced pluripotent stem cells that target key cellular structures with unprecedented clarity.
Tai Chi proves feasible and beneficial for vets with PTSD
Veterans with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who participated in in Tai Chi not only would recommend it to a friend, but also found the ancient Chinese tradition helped with their symptoms including managing intrusive thoughts, difficulties with concentration and physiological arousal.
Study finds recipes with hand-washing, temperature reminders improve food safety
Kansas State University researchers have discovered the secret ingredient to improving kitchen food safety: include hand-washing reminders and meat thermometer instructions in published recipes.
UBC researcher says management of pine beetle not working
A method to control the spread of mountain pine beetles -- pheromone baiting -- may actually help the pest's population increase, UBC research shows. he two-year simulation, which included then PhD candidate Shaun Strohm and University of Calgary professor Mary Reid, compared four separate management strategies: no management (monitoring only), pheromone baiting, tree removal, and finally, pheromone baiting combined with tree removal.
We like what experts like -- and what is expensive
Scientists from the University of Vienna have now shown that the individual taste of art is also dependent on social factors.
Scientists find a molecule to fight chemoresistant cancer
Scientists have synthesized an antitumor compound that could be used to fight chemoresistant cancer.
JNeurosci: Highlights from the Nov. 30 issue
It's a classic moral dilemma: You see a train speeding toward five people tied to the tracks.
Parkinson's disease and cognitive decline: A genetic connection revealed
A new study led by investigators in the Ann Romney Center for Neurological Diseases at Brigham and Women's Hospital finds that mutations in the gene for glucocerebrosidase (GBA), known to be a risk factor for PD, also have a powerful influence on the development of cognitive decline.
Microbubbles and ultrasound open the blood-brain barrier to administer drugs
The impassable blood-brain barrier prevents microorganisms from entering our brain, however it also blocks medicines that could help treat Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
The economy of cold soil blues
For many farmers, in-furrow starter application is a cheaper alternative to other starter fertilizers.
Using ecosystem services in municipality planning: Lessons from Sweden
In the context of increasing land use and climate change, municipality planning faces a growing challenge finding a sustainable balance between different actions to accommodate citizen's demands of ecosystem services (ES) and development projects.
Springer launches new journal Reviews of Modern Plasma Physics
Starting in 2017, Springer will publish the journal Reviews of Modern Plasma Physics (RMPP), the official journal of the Division of Plasma Physics at the Association of Asia-Pacific Physical Societies (AAPPS-DPP).
Earth's 'technosphere' now weighs 30 trillion tons, research finds
University of Leicester researchers outline how kinds of products of our technology now outnumber the planet's biotic species
Corals much older than previously thought, study finds
Coral genotypes can survive for thousands of years, possibly making them the longest-lived animals in the world, according to researchers at Penn State, the National Marine Fisheries Service and Dial Cordy & Associates.
First signs of weird quantum property of empty space?
By studying the light emitted from an extraordinarily dense and strongly magnetized neutron star using ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers may have found the first observational indications of a strange quantum effect, first predicted in the 1930s.
New technology of ultrahigh density optical storage researched at Kazan University
The research demonstrates that the homeotropic and planar orientations of the azo-dyes are produced by applying a local DC electrical field and a resonant longitudinal optical near-field, respectively.
Potential new tool to aid breast cancer surgery
Australian researchers have developed an optical fiber probe that distinguishes breast cancer tissue from normal tissue -- potentially allowing surgeons to be much more precise when removing breast cancer.
Online group therapy may be effective treatment for bulimia nervosa
Results from a new study show that online group therapy can be just as effective as face-to-face treatment, although the pace of recovery may be slower.
Creation of micro muscles aids better understanding of muscle efficiency
A biomedical research scientist is taking the lead in the creation of muscle cells and micro muscles to test muscle efficiency in the laboratory -- and he is able to carry out this new and innovative work thanks to the support he has received to get him back into science after a career break.
Better than milk on breakfast cereals: New precision coating method for industrial granular material
As anyone who eats their cereal with milk in the morning knows: coating large volumes of granular material homogeneously is no mean feat.
Study reveals key role of mRNA's 'fifth nucleotide' in determining sex in fruit flies
A team of scientists led by the University of Birmingham has shown how a common mRNA modification, N6-methyladenosine (m6A), regulates gene expression to determine the sex of fruit flies.
Corneal collagen cross-linking for keratoconus: Now data provide hint of benefit
Additional data from an Australian study now show an advantage over purely symptomatic treatment.

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