Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 01, 2016
'Nudges' an inexpensive, effective way to increase completion of health promotion programs
Keeping your message brief and simple -- on the level of a gentle reminder, as opposed to constant nagging -- can produce gains when trying to increase engagement with health care programs, says new research from U. of I. professor and social psychology expert Dolores Albarracin.

UTSA study describes new minimally invasive device to treat cancer and other illnesses
A new study by Lyle Hood, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), describes a new device that could revolutionize the delivery of medicine to treat cancer as well as a host of other diseases and ailments.

Dabigatran superior to warfarin when anticoagulation is resumed after bleeding
In the first analysis of how to treat patients on anticoagulants who suffer a major bleeding event, a clinical practice that routinely gives doctors pause, while also evaluating a new drug, University of Pittsburgh researchers aim to provide much-needed guidance to clinicians trying to balance the risks of stroke versus bleeding when determining the best treatment.

Recovering Latina breast cancer patients report big gaps in 'survivorship' care
Breast cancer patients in one of the United States' largest and fastest-growing ethnic minority groups are likely to experience numerous gaps in care following their primary treatment.

Baylor study aims to find out why some children's autism symptoms improve with antibiotics
For years parents and clinicians have reported that antibiotics can cause changes (both improvements and worsening) in autism symptoms.

'Bickering' flies make evolutionary point
A Rice University scientist manipulates fruit fly populations to show that individual flies are not merely subject to their social environments, but choose and create them through their interactions.

New findings boost promise of molybdenum sulfide for hydrogen catalysis
Researchers from North Carolina State University, Duke University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that molybdenum sulfide (MoS2) holds more promise than previously thought as a catalyst for producing hydrogen to use as a clean energy source.

Model explains barred owls' domination over northern spotted owls
Barred owls -- unrivaled nocturnal predators and procreators -- are moving into the Pacific Northwest.

Alcohol intake associated with increased risk of melanoma
Alcohol intake was associated with higher rates of invasive melanoma among white men and women.

Magnetic brain stimulation can bring back stowed memories
A University of Wisconsin-Madison lab is challenging the idea that working memory remembers things through sustained brain activity.

Vietnam war veteran develops rare cancer after exposure to Agent Orange
A veteran with a rare type of cancer may have developed the condition after being exposed to Agent Orange during the Vietnam War, reveal doctors writing in the journal BMJ Case Reports.

Axial announces discovery of link between gut microbiome and Parkinson's, Cell publication
Axial Biotherapeutics announced that researchers from Caltech led by Dr.

Correlates of overweight and obesity among adolescents with bipolar disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey -- Adolescent Supplement
Bipolar disorder is one of the most disabling medical conditions among adolescents worldwide.

Bitumen from Middle East discovered in 7th century buried ship in UK
Middle Eastern Bitumen, a rare, tar-like material, is present in the seventh century ship buried at Sutton Hoo, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on Nov.

Increased UVB exposure associated with reduced risk of nearsightedness, particularly in teens, young
Higher ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation exposure, directly related to time outdoors and sunlight exposure, was associated with reduced odds of myopia (nearsightedness), and exposure to UVB between ages 14 and 29 years was associated with the highest reduction in odds of adult myopia, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

2016 AAAS Mentor Award honors Dr. Ami Radunskaya of Pomona College, recognizing exemplary efforts to increase the ranks of women in mathematics
Dr. Ami Radunskaya -- a professor of mathematics at Pomona College, president-elect of the Association for Women in Mathematics, and director of the national Enhancing Diversity in Graduate Education (EDGE) Program- was chosen as the winner of the 2016 AAAS Mentor Award for launching 'dramatic education and research changes leading to an increase in the number of female doctorates in the field of mathematics.'

Study of thousands of operations finds overlapping surgeries are safe for Mayo Clinic patients
A common way of scheduling surgeries to expand patient access to care and improve hospital efficiency, known as 'overlapping surgeries,' is as safe and provides the same outcomes for patients as non-overlapping surgeries, a Mayo Clinic study has found.

Sniffing like a dog can improve trace detection of explosives
By mimicking how dogs get their whiffs, a team of government and university researchers have demonstrated that 'active sniffing' can improve by more than 10 times the performance of current technologies that rely on continuous suction to detect trace amounts of explosives and other contraband.

Not much evidence behind advice to 'drink plenty of fluids' when unwell
Doctors often advise patients to 'drink plenty of fluids' and 'keep well hydrated' when unwell, but a new report calls for more research behind this advice.

Test created in Brazil can diagnose 416 viruses from tropical regions
Researchers from the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil have developed a platform that analyzes clinical samples from patients to diagnose infection by 416 viruses found in the world's tropical regions.

Renaissance astronomer Tycho Brahe was full of gold
Chemical analyses of Tycho Brahe's exhumed remains have revealed that the world-renowned astronomer was regularly exposed to large quantities of gold until shortly before his death.

The 4th International Symposium on Transformative Bio-Molecules (ISTbM-4)
The Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM) at Nagoya University in Japan, will be holding the 4th International Symposium on Transformative Bio-Molecules (ISTbM-4) on Dec.

The Lancet: Augmented reality and serious gaming may help relieve
Moving and visualizing a phantom limb in augmented reality may help reduce phantom limb pain and how often amputees' lives are affected by the condition, according to a study published in The Lancet.

Breakthrough in diabetes research: Cells produce insulin upon artemisinin treatment
Artemisinins, FDA-approved malaria drugs, transform glucagon-producing alpha cells in the pancreas into insulin producing cells -- thereby acquiring features of beta cells, the cell type damaged in type 1 diabetes.

Embryonic cluster galaxy immersed in giant cloud of cold gas
Unlike the situation in the current Universe, a giant galaxy in a cluster of protogalaxies is growing by feeding on surprisingly-dense surrounding gas, rather than by cannibalizing neighbors.

Scientists bring 'forgotten' memories back to mind
New evidence overturns a theory that in order for a short-term memory to be maintained, the neurons that represent that memory must be continuously active.

Frequency of tornado clusters in US is increasing
The frequency and magnitude of tornado outbreaks with many, or clusters, of tornadoes has increased in the United States over the past 50 years, a new study reports.

Study: Restaurants not good at explaining risks of undercooked meat to customers
A recent study finds restaurants don't do an effective job of communicating with customers when it comes to addressing risks associated with eating undercooked meat -- specifically hamburgers.

Neural stem cells serve as RNA highways too
Duke scientists have caught the first glimpse of molecules shuttling along a sort of highway running the length of neural stem cells, which are crucial to the development of new neurons.

With promising results from emerging therapies, Penn research yields hope for amyloidosis
Two new treatments are showing promise and overall survival is on the rise for AL amyloidosis, according to a series of studies involving researchers in the Abramson Cancer Center and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

URI scientist: Rare childhood disease linked to major cancer gene
A team of researchers led by a University of Rhode Island scientist has discovered an important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease, Fanconi anemia, and a major cancer gene called PTEN.

Szanton receives GSA's 2016 Senior Service America Senior Scholar Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) and Senior Service America, Inc., have named Sarah Szanton, Ph.D., A.N.P., F.A.A.N., of the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing as the 2016 recipient of the Senior Service America Senior Scholar Award for Research Related to Disadvantaged Older Adults.

US public divided over food science
New Pew Research Center Survey on views about food science, including attitudes about healthy eating, organics and genetically modified foods.

Global Internet of Things consortium establishes investment vehicle at Tel Aviv University
The global Israel IoT Innovations-i3 Equity Partners (i3) consortium has established an investment vehicle at Tel Aviv University.

Increasing tornado outbreaks -- is climate change responsible?
In a new study, Columbia Engineering researchers looked at increasing trends in the severity of tornado outbreaks where they measured severity by the number of tornadoes per outbreak.

Attempted suicide rates and risk groups essentially unchanged, new study shows
Johns Hopkins investigators report that their analysis of a national database representing more than 1 billion emergency department visits shows that over a recent eight-year period, nothing much has changed in the rates of unsuccessful suicide attempts, or in the age, gender, seasonal timing or means used by those who tried to take their lives in the United States.

Paper: Corporate board 'interlocks' lead to managerial entrenchment
The Rolodexes of the business elite help account for the surprising resilience of managerial control of publicly held corporations, leading to an entrenched management structure that comes at the expense of shareholder value, says research from U. of I. labor professor Richard Benton.

The tree of life has its roots in Jena
Drawing on Darwin's theory of evolution, Ernst Haeckel created the first Darwinian phylogenetic 'tree of life' of organisms exactly 150 years ago in Jena, and published it in his major work, the 'General morphology of organisms'.

How it takes just 6 seconds to hack a credit card
Research has identified a new online attack -- the Distributed Guessing Attack -- which means criminals can work out the card number, expiry date and security code of any Visa credit or debit card in just six seconds.

The first analysis of Ewing's sarcoma methyloma opens doors to new treatments
IDIBELL researchers describe the Ewing's sarcoma (ES) methylation profile for the first time.

NASA sees 'nada' strength left in Tropical Cyclone Nada
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over Tropical Cyclone Nada in the Northern Indian Ocean and infrared imagery showed that Nada had 'nada' in terms of strong thunderstorms.

Adrenaline rush: Delaying epinephrine shots after cardiac arrest cuts survival rates
Hospitals in which the administration of epinephrine to patients whose hearts have stopped is delayed beyond five minutes have significantly lower survival rates of those patients, a new study led by a cardiologist at UT Southwestern Medical Center finds.

Being part of a community group could protect you from cognitive decline
Social engagement through civic group activities, such as being a member of a political party, an environmental group, neighborhood watch, a voluntary service group or other community based groups, is associated with better cognitive function at age 50, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Psychology which included 9,119 men and women from England, Scotland and Wales.

Advanced soft tissue sarcomas respond to new drug GDC-0575 combined with gemcitabine
Researchers working to find effective treatments for soft tissue sarcomas have discovered that combining a new anti-cancer drug with an existing one kills cancer cells not only in the laboratory but also in the first two patients treated with it, leading to unusually long-lasting periods without the disease progressing.

The latest advances in the study of blood diseases presented at annual meeting of ASH
The 2016 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting highlights research from St.

Single dose of hallucinogenic drug psilocybin relieves anxiety and depression in patients with advanced cancer
When combined with psychological counseling, a single dose of a mind-altering compound contained in psychedelic mushrooms significantly lessens mental anguish in distressed cancer patients for months at a time, according to results of a clinical trial led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center.

Climate cycles may explain how running water carved Mars' surface features
Dramatic climate cycles on early Mars, triggered by buildup of greenhouse gases, may be the key to understanding how liquid water left its mark on the planet's surface, according to a team of planetary scientists.

Researcher receives $2.78 million to explore and exploit bacterial immune systems
Researchers at the University of Georgia have received a $2.78 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study CRISPR-Cas, a powerful gene editing tool derived from a defense mechanism evolved in bacteria and other single-celled organisms.

Mix-up over homemade herbal tea puts woman in life-threatening condition
A woman who mistakenly used foxglove instead of comfrey leaves to make a herbal tea was rushed to hospital in a life-threatening condition.

Could ambulatory surgical centers help bend the cost curve in US health care?
US health-care costs have more than tripled since the 1960s1.

Scientists create first viable mathematical model of a key anti-Salmonella defense system
Scientists have created the first validated mathematical model of an important cellular defense mechanism against the bacterium Salmonella, according to a new study in PLOS Computational Biology.

Metabolite that promotes cancer cell transformation and colorectal cancer spread identified
Osaka University researchers revealed that the metabolite D-2-hydroxyglurate (D-2HG) promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition of colorectal cancer cells, leading them to develop features of lower adherence to neighboring cells, increased invasiveness, and greater likelihood of metastatic spread.

Disabling critical 'node' revs up attack when cancer immunotherapies fall short
An existing drug known as a JAK inhibitor may help patients who don't respond to the so-called checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy drugs overcome that resistance.

Einstein and Penn State researchers awarded $12.2 million to study Alzheimer's disease
The National Institutes of Health has awarded researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Pennsylvania State University a five-year, $12.2 million grant to continue studies on the aging brain, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.

A friend of a friend is ... a dense network
Networks evolve in different ways depending on how often

Autism-linked protein crucial for feeling pain
Sensory problems are common to autism spectrum disorders. Some individuals with autism may injure themselves repetitively -- for example, pulling their hair or banging their heads -- because they're less sensitive to pain than other people.

A drug that inhibits the Notch signalling process is active in a range of advanced cancers
A new anti-cancer drug that inhibits a key cell signalling process involved in many different cancers has shown that it is capable of stopping the progression of cancer and shrinking tumors; importantly, in rare, less well-studied cancers such as adenoid cystic carcinoma.

Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product
Purdue University researchers have developed a hydrogenation process that could solidify soybean oil for food processing without creating trans fats, which have been linked to heart disease and stroke.

Burnes receives GSA's 2016 Senior Service America Junior Scholar Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) and Senior Service America, Inc., have named David Burnes, B.Sc., M.S.W., Ph.D., of the University of Toronto as the 2016 recipient of the Senior Service America Junior Scholar Award for Research Related to Disadvantaged Older Adults.

Psychological well-being and physical activity in older adults
In a paper just published by researchers at Chapman University, findings showed associations between psychological well-being and physical activity in adults ages 50 and older.

Monell Center receives grant to develop technologies to improve taste of lifesaving drugs
The Monell Center announced today that it has received a $345,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Researchers examine how brain stimulation affects memory reactivation
Nathan Rose, assistant professor of psychology at the University of Notre Dame, examined a fundamental problem your brain has to solve, which is keeping information 'in mind,' or active, so your brain can act accordingly.

Neurons do math to distinguish predictions from reality
Neir Eshel, a neuropsychiatry research pioneer who uncovered novel insights about how dopamine neurons are programmed to help us navigate the consequences of our choices, has been named the 2016 Grand Prize winner of the Science & SciLifeLab Prize for Young Scientists.

Simple walking program provides physical and mental benefits to dialysis patients
A simple home-based walking program improved physical capacity and quality of life in patients undergoing long-term dialysis.

Images of suffering in international politics
Images of the suffering of others have been important in the evolution of humanitarianism and protection of humanity, and in the development of human rights.

New chemistry of life
A team of scientists under the lead of Ivan Dikic, Director of the Institute of Biochemistry II at Goethe University Frankfurt, has now discovered a novel mechanism of ubiquitination, by which Legionella bacteria can seize control over their host cells.

Study reveals new role for Hippo pathway in suppressing cancer immunity
Previous studies identified the Hippo pathway kinases LATS1/2 as a tumor suppressor, but new research led by University of California San Diego School of Medicine scientists reveals a surprising role for these enzymes in subduing cancer immunity.

Study: Enhancing cancer response to radiation
Study provides early evidence that a panel of microRNA may be used in the future as a biomarker for several types of cancer.

Can creativity beat death? New study suggests creatives worry less about dying
Creative achievement can provide a buffer against being anxious about death, research from psychologists at the University of Kent shows.

Study: White deaths exceeded births in one-third of states
More white deaths than births were reported in 17 US states, more than in any time in history, compared to only four in 2004.

NYU Tandon's Elza Erkip garners prestigious engineering award
Elza Erkip, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, will be the 2016 recipient of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Women in Communications Engineering Award for her outstanding technical work in communications engineering and for bringing a high degree of visibility to the field.

Test for early diagnosis of life-threatening preemie disease advances
The National Science Foundation has chosen an LSU Health New Orleans team that developed a test for the early detection of a potentially life-threatening gastrointestinal disease affecting pre-term, low birthweight babies to receive expert guidance to move the technology forward.

DOE project to evaluate safety of transporting used nuclear fuel
With more than 74,000 metric tons of used nuclear fuel stored at locations around the United States, ensuring the safety of moving it to more secure disposal sites is a top federal priority.

Artificial intelligence toolkit spots new child sexual abuse media online
New artificial intelligence software designed to spot new child sexual abuse media online could help police catch child abusers.

Modifying a live virus in a vaccine to be just strong enough
By genetically tweaking the constituent live virus, scientists have created a vaccine against influenza in which the virus is capable of activating the immune system but cannot replicate in healthy cells -- an approach that may become more widely used for generating live virus vaccines adapted to other viruses.

Gut microbe movements regulate host circadian rhythms
Even gut microbes have a routine. Like clockwork, they start their day in one part of the intestinal lining, move a few micrometers, and then return to their original position.

How Zika infects the growing brain
Studies have suggested that Zika enters neural progenitor cells by grabbing onto a specific protein called AXL on the cell surface.

New evidence on the formation of the solar system
International research involving a Monash University scientist is using new computer models and evidence from meteorites to show that a low-mass supernova triggered the formation of our solar system.

The coldest decade of the millennium? How the cold 1430s led to famine and disease
A team of international researchers has looked into climate data and historical archives to find out more about the extraordinary climate of the 1430s and how it impacted societies in northwestern and central Europe.

Predation on pollinating insects shaped the evolution of the orchid mantis
A team of researchers led by Dr. Gavin Svenson, Curator and Head of Invertebrate Zoology at The Cleveland Museum of Natural History, published findings that show that the orchid mantis looks like a flower due to exploitation of pollinating insects as prey bu its praying mantis ancestors.

Study suggests possible new target for treating and preventing Alzheimer's
A new scientific discovery may provide a future avenue for treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease.

UChicago startup turns renewable energy into natural gas
One of the biggest challenges to wider adoption of wind and solar power is how to store the excess energy they often produce.

Women dissatisfied with long process to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome
A large international survey of women with a common condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which is characterized by reproductive and metabolic problems, found nearly two in three were dissatisfied with the length of time they waited and the number of healthcare professionals they had to see before they received a diagnosis, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Study to examine involving teens at high risk for HIV in prevention trials
An Indiana University nursing researcher has been awarded $1.1 million to study the ethical complexities of involving adolescents ages 14-17 at high risk for HIV in biomedical prevention trials.

FSU professor designs new material to better store hydrogen fuel
A Florida State University researcher has designed new materials that could be used to store hydrogen fuel more efficiently in vehicles or other devices that use clean energy.

Four weeks to prepare cancer patients for surgery
Just four weeks of prehabilitation may be enough to help some cancer patients get in shape for surgery.

New computational model provides a tool for improving the production of valuable drugs
The model allows scientists to make comprehensive simulations without doing tedious experiments in the laboratory.

NASA's Sun-observing IRIS mission
The sun may seem static from Earth's vantage point, 93 million miles away, but our star is constantly changing.

Scientists report that bismuth is superconducting
Scientists from India report that pure bismuth -- a semimetal with a very low number of electrons per given volume, or carrier concentration -- is superconducting at ultralow temperatures.

High-resolution brain imaging could improve detection of concussions
High-resolution brain scans analyzed by machine learning algorithms could determine whether a patient has a concussion, according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

SAGE Publishing's encyclopedia on work psychology expands by 2 volumes in second edition
SAGE Publishing is pleased to release the second edition of The SAGE Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology with approximately 200 new entries on the psychological principles behind the ways people do tasks, behave, and interact with others at work.

Obese children should be screened for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease -- new NASPGHAN guidelines
A screening test for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) -- a serious condition that may have lifelong health consequences -- is recommended for all obese children aged 9 to 11 years, according to clinical practice guidelines developed by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.

For the first time, scientists catch water molecules passing the proton baton
Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades.

Findings show significant progress against HIV epidemic in Africa; 90-90-90 goals in reach
National surveys in Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Zambia reveal exceptional progress against HIV, with decreasing rates of new infection, stable numbers of people living with HIV, and more than half of all those living with HIV showing viral suppression through use of antiretroviral medication.

Scripps Florida scientists identify novel compound to alleviate pain and itch
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have identified a possible drug candidate that suppresses pain and itch in animal models.

First structural map of cystic fibrosis protein sheds light on how mutations cause disease
A map that shows the arrangement of atoms within the cystic fibrosis protein will help researchers better understand how specific mutations cause disease.

Northern Ohio institutions become laboratories for future energy usage
Case Western Reserve University, NASA Glenn Research Center and the University of Toledo will serve as 'living laboratories' that demonstrate the value of integrating distributed energy sources with the assortment of devices, equipment and other power consumers within buildings and across the grid.

Strategy for the Trump administration to expand the role of tax-exempt hospitals
A new report recommends that the Trump Administration take action to revise existing Internal Revenue Service policies governing community benefit spending by tax-exempt hospitals in order to encourage greater hospital involvement in activities that can improve health on a community-wide basis.

In cancer immunotherapy, one PD-L1 test to rule them all?
Ambitious collaboration between industry, advocacy and academia results in study comparing leading four assays for anti-PD-L1 immunotherapies.

A&A special issue: GREGOR first results
This special issue of Astronomy & Astrophysics contains a series of scientific articles, which are based on data obtained with the GREGOR solar telescope in 2014 and 2015.

Concerns over bodybuilders injecting natural oils
In BMJ Case Reports today, doctors are warning of the dangers associated with injecting natural oils to improve muscle definition following a serious complication experienced by an amateur bodybuilder.

Experts argue it's time to stop using bite marks in forensics
Researchers are increasingly skeptical about the validity of bite-mark identification as trial evidence.

A watershed moment in understanding how H2O conducts electricity
Scientists have taken spectroscopic snapshots of nature's most mysterious relay race: the passage of extra protons from one water molecule to another during conductivity.

Parkinson's disease linked to microbiome
Caltech researchers have discovered that gut bacteria play a major role in the symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

Researchers document large-scale changes in insect species inhabiting streams and rivers
Scientists from Utah State University and the US Environmental Protection Agency have shown that the frequencies of occurrence of hundreds of freshwater insect species have changed relative to historical conditions.

Multi-institutional collaboration uncovers how molecular machines assemble
New imaging method takes on molecular mixtures.

UA receives $1.5 million to study cancer in firefighters
Researchers at the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health will lead a collaborative research project to develop the framework for a long-term study of cancer in firefighters.

Breaking the backbone
Polymerization by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a simple method for modifying surfaces by which topologically challenging substrates can be evenly coated with polymers.

Buck Institute study provides neuronal mechanism for the benefits of fasting
A study from the Buck Institute offers for the first time an explanation for the benefits of fasting at the neuronal level.

Those funny ads may make you laugh, but maybe not buy
Two equally funny advertisements can have very different effects on consumers' brand attitudes, depending on how humor is used, University of Arizona research shows.

Can DXA be used to predict fracture risk in people with diabetes?
Data on skeletal parameters and techniques readily available from DXA scanning are reviewed in terms of their utility in routine clinical practice for predicting fracture risk in diabetes.

Phantom movements in augmented reality helps patients with intractable phantom limb pain
Dr. Max Ortiz Catalan at Chalmers University of Technology has developed a novel method of treating phantom limb pain using machine learning and augmented reality.

Research team discovers a pathogen's motility triggers immune response
Until now, a pathogen's ability to move through the body has been overlooked as a possible trigger of immune response, but new research from the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine found that motility will indeed alarm the host and activate an immune response.

Study shows many lakes getting murkier, but gives hope for improvement
A study of more than 5,000 Wisconsin lakes shows that nearly a quarter of them have become murkier in the past two decades.

Where the rains come from
Intense storms have become more frequent and longer-lasting in the Great Plains and Midwest in the last 35 years.

ACS and Surgical Infection Society announce guidelines for prevention, treatment of SSIs
Newly released guidelines for the prevention, detection, and management of surgical site infections (SSIs) issued by the American College of Surgeons and the Surgical Infection Society provide a comprehensive set of recommendations clinicians can use to optimize surgical care and educate patients about ways to contribute to their own well-being.

Making graphene using laser-induced phase separation
IBS and KAIST researchers clarify how laser annealing technology can lead to production of ultrathin nanomaterials.

Museum of Natural Science researchers publish the first birds of Bolivia field guide
Bolivia has more species of birds than any other land-locked country in the world.

Scientists discover new method to restore function of white blood cells in septic patients
New research findings published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology (, suggest that treating the white blood cells of sepsis patients with antibodies that block programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand (PD-L1) molecules may restore their function and ultimately their ability to eradicate deadly bacteria.

New process produces hydrogen at much lower temperature
Waseda University researchers have developed a new method for producing hydrogen, which is fast, irreversible, and takes place at much lower temperature using less energy.

New form of autism found
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect around one percent of the world's population and are characterized by a range of difficulties in social interaction and communication.

Antibody test gauges mosquito exposure
Researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have described a blood test that can be used to assess human exposure to Aedes mosquitos.

Proposed biosimilar drug shows potential as breast cancer treatment
Among women with metastatic breast cancer, treatment with a drug that is biosimilar to the breast cancer drug trastuzumab resulted in an equivalent overall response rate at 24 weeks compared with trastuzumab, according to a study published online by JAMA.

UTSA receives $5.29 million grant for brain health research
Charles Wilson, professor and Ewing Halsell Chair in Biology at the University of Texas at San Antonio, has received an eight-year, grant from the US Department of Health and Human Services expected to total $5,292,000.

Study examines association of asbestos exposure, mesothelioma in Eastern China
A new research letter published online by JAMA Oncology looks at asbestos exposure and malignant mesothelioma in Eastern China.

Gut microbes promote motor deficits in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease
Gut microbes may play a critical role in the development of Parkinson's-like movement disorders in genetically predisposed mice, researchers report Dec.

IUPUI chemists develop new technique that could speed drug development
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis chemists have devised new molecular binding technique to substantially speed up the process of synthesizing new compounds for use as human or animal drugs.

Complications of type 2 diabetes affect quality of life, care can lead to diabetes burnout
T2D Lifestyle, a national survey by Health Union of more than 400 individuals experiencing type 2 diabetes (T2D), reveals that patients not only struggle with commonly understood complications, but also numerous lesser known ones that people do not associate with diabetes.

Hallucinogenic drug psilocybin eases existential anxiety in people with life-threatening cancer
In a small double-blind study, Johns Hopkins researchers report that a substantial majority of people suffering cancer-related anxiety or depression found considerable relief for up to six months from a single large dose of psilocybin -- the active compound in hallucinogenic 'magic mushrooms.'

China's pristine parks get more merit
A first of its kind study has measured how parks in China have been affected by human impact, and found the most pristine areas are in Tibet and neighboring provinces.

Perovskite solar cells hit new world efficiency record
They're flexible, cheap to produce and simple to make - which is why perovskites are the hottest new material in solar cell design.

NEOMED researchers identify link between brain and bone in Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at NEOMED have just identified a major connection between areas of the brainstem and detrimental changes to bone in a preclinical model of Alzheimer's disease.

Unique strains of Brazilian leishmaniasis set apart by genetics
Some of the roughly 1 million cases a year of the parasitic disease leishmaniasis don't fit with the standard definition of the disease -- the patients have unusual symptoms and front-line medicines don't work.

UTA CAPPA student wins statewide bullet train station design competition
A University of Texas at Arlington student has won a statewide design competition for her Dallas station design for the Texas Central Partners' bullet train that is planned to run between Houston and Dallas by the early 2020s.

IPM's ring study results published in New England Journal of Medicine
IPM announced today that the New England Journal of Medicine has published results from the Ring Study, a Phase III clinical trial of IPM's vaginal ring to prevent HIV.

Use your words: Written prisoner interactions predict whether they'll clean up their acts
The evolution of how prisoners in substance-abuse programs communicate is a good indicator of whether they'll return to crime, new research has found.

New police training draws from science of deadly force
A portable use-of-force simulator aimed at launching a new era in police training is being rolled out by Washington State University.

PharmaMar presents positive results with ADC MI130110 in CD13-expressing tumor cells
PharmaMar, a world leader in the discovery, development and commercialization of new anti-tumor compounds of a marine origin, has announced that its antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) has demonstrated a remarkable in vitro antitumoral activity in a CD13, fibrosarcoma positive animal model.

New in the Hastings Center Report
Ethics of crowdfunding for medical care, an argument for fewer clinical trials, and more in the November-December 2016 issue.

Study finds hearing 'meaningful' sounds decreases performance on cognitive tasks
Open office plans are becoming increasingly common in the workplace -- offering a way to optimize available space and encourage dialogue, interaction and collaboration among employees.

Tangled threads weave through cosmic oddity
New observations from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have revealed the intricate structure of the galaxy NGC 4696 in greater detail than ever before.

Taking time off work to raise children is damaging to the careers of highly skilled women
Mothers who leave work to raise children often sacrifice more than the pay for their time off; when they come back their wages reflect lost raises.

Protective barrier inside chromosomes helps to keep cells healthy
Fresh insights into the structures that contain our genetic material could explain how the body's cells stay healthy.

Portions of the brain fall asleep and wake back up all the time, Stanford researchers find
New research finds that small regions of the brain cycle in and out of sleep, even when awake.

Detailed images of NMDA receptors help explain how zinc and a drug affect their function
In Neuron, a team at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) reveals for the first time the structure of a portion of an important brain cell receptor, called the NMDA (N-methyl D-aspartate) receptor.

Immune system cells cause severe malaria complication in mouse brain
Immune system cells known as cytotoxic T cells attack blood vessels and cause fatal swelling in the brains of mice with a condition that mirrors a severe complication of malaria in humans.

CRISPR editing in pancreatic cells reduced cell death and increased insulin secretion
With the help of the CRISPR/Cas9 gene scissors, researchers at Lund University Diabetes Centre in Sweden have managed to 'turn off' an enzyme that proved to play a key role in the regulation of the diabetes-associated TXNIP gene.

Neuroscientist studies connection between PTSD and alcohol abuse
MUSC Psychologist Justin Gass believes repeated alcohol exposure stregthens the connections between neurons in the brain responsible for storing traumatic memories.

Patients with cancer history experiencing severe heart attacks benefit from cardiac care
One in 10 patients who come to the hospital with the most severe type of heart attack have a history of cancer, showing that this is an emerging subgroup of heart patients, according to Mayo Clinic research published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

New algorithm could explain human face recognition
MIT researchers and their colleagues have developed a new computational model of the human brain's face-recognition mechanism that seems to capture aspects of human neurology that previous models have missed.

What do Netflix, Google and planetary systems have in common?
Same class of algorithms used by Google and Netflix can also tell us if distant planetary systems are stable or not.

2016-2017 Airline Food Study
NYC Food Policy Center at HUNTER College and releases the 2016-17 Airline Food Study rating foods for 12 airlines.

Tufts and Johns Hopkins win $25 million NIH award to build new trial innovation center
Investigators at the Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies at Tufts Medical Center and Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, together with Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine's Brain Injury Outcomes Division and Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, won a seven-year, $25 million award from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences to form a new Trial Innovation Center to provide high-quality design and support for multi-center clinical trials.

Feathered fathers and mothers have diverse parenting arrangements
Birds of a feather flock together but they schedule parenting duties differently.

How do children hear anger?
Even if they don't understand the words, infants react to the way their mother speaks and the emotions conveyed through speech.

Controlling chain conformations to enhance electronic devices
Controlling the way fluorinated polymer chains twist and turn may enable fast and flexible electrical circuits, according to collaborative research conducted at Penn State.

Computer learns to recognize sounds by watching video
At the Neural Information Processing Systems conference next week, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab will present a sound-recognition system that outperforms its predecessors but didn't require hand-annotated data during training.

Narcissistic individuals use social media to self-promote
Social media doesn't cause narcissism, but narcissists may be drawn to social media -- have more friends and followers, post more frequently and post more selfies.

Researchers take first look into the 'eye' of Majoranas
Majorana fermions are particles that could potentially be used as information units for a quantum computer.

Natural alternatives to protect plants inspired by pharmaceutical research
The bacteria Streptomyces could be used as an environmentally friendly alternative to pesticides, scientists in France write in an Opinion published Dec.

Multiple sclerosis: Newly discovered signal mechanism causes T cells to turn pathogenic
T cells are an important part of the immune system. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to