Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 05, 2016
New study describes 200 million years of geological evolution
Two-hundred million years of geological evolution of a fault in the Earth's crust has recently been dated.

Psychosocial risk factors are associated with high readmission rates, longer hospital stays
A new study shows that psychosocial risk factors that impact a person's ability to cope with chronic stress are associated with significantly higher readmission rates and longer hospital stays among blood cancer patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), according to researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Jeffrey Lieberman given the ACNP Julius Axelrod Mentorship Award
The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) has named Jeffrey Lieberman, M.D. as one of two winners of the 2016 Julius Axelrod Mentorship Award.

Simple steps lengthen lives of high-risk AML patients
New SWOG research shows that quickly identifying patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and speeding the process to find them a stem cell donor and performing the transplant earlier, can significantly improve their chances of surviving for at least two years after diagnosis.

Simple processing technique could cut cost of organic PV and wearable electronics
A simple solution-based electrical doping technique could help reduce the cost of polymer solar cells and organic electronic devices, potentially expanding the applications for these technologies.

Political left, right both inspired by utopian hopes
Studies explore moral convictions associated with same sex marriage, gun control.

An eye on young specialists' success
Graduates from several medical and surgical specialties are having difficulty securing practice opportunities, especially in specialties dependent upon limited resources, according to new research from Queen's ophthalmologist Robert Campbell.

New study of water-saving plants advances efforts to develop drought-resistant crops
As part of an effort to develop drought-resistant food and bioenergy crops, scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered the genetic and metabolic mechanisms that allow certain plants to conserve water and thrive in semi-arid climates.

Princeton study uses 'Sherlock' to reveal how shared experiences shape our memories
We tend to think of our memories as unique, but a new Princeton University-led study shows that memories are often shared rather than idiosyncratic.

Drug/catheter combo for labor induction could save 2.4 million hours of labor annually, Penn study shows
Despite its widespread use, labor induction is costly and still has no widely accepted 'best practice.' Now, new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania is showing what may be the best available method for inducing labor, which may be necessary under circumstances including medical conditions such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes or other health risks to the mom or baby.

Geneticist Stephen J. Elledge wins Breakthrough Prize
Stephen Elledge, the Gregor Mendel Professor of Genetics and of Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, has been named a 2017 recipient of the Breakthrough Prize, which recognizes paradigm-shifting discoveries in the life sciences, physics and mathematics.

New, more effective strategy for producing flu vaccines
A team of researchers led by Yoshihiro Kawaoka, professor of pathobiological sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine, has developed technology that could improve the production of vaccines that protect people from influenza B.

'Spooky' sightings in crystal point to extremely rare quantum spin liquid
Little is rarer than an observable quantum spin liquid, but now, tests reveal that a synthetic crystal with ytterbium as its base may house one at near absolute zero.

New mechanism to control human viral infections discovered
A team of researchers, co-led by a University of California, Riverside professor, has found a long-sought-after mechanism in human cells that creates immunity to influenza A virus, which causes annual seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics.

Moffitt Cancer Center study shows promising clinical activity
Immune cellular therapy is a promising new area of cancer treatment.

Babies' first words can be predicted based on visual attention, IU study finds
Indiana University psychologists have shown that a baby's most likely first words are based upon their visual experience, laying the foundation for a new theory of infant language learning.

Medical glue is the clue to reducing IV drip failure
IV lines (drips) are the most common medical procedure in hospitals, but within two days 30 to 90 percent need replacing.

Women in developed nations with strong Catholic heritage less likely to breastfeed
Women living in developed Western nations with a strong Catholic heritage, are less likely to breastfeed than those in countries where Protestantism predominates, concludes an observational study, published in the online journal BMJ Global Health.

Flowers use physics to attract pollinators
A new review indicates that flowers may be able to manipulate the laws of physics, by playing with light, using mechanical tricks, and harnessing electrostatic forces to attract pollinators.

Long-term, low-intensity smoking associated with increased risks of death
Low-intensity smokers who puff on 10 or less cigarettes per day over their lifetime still have higher risks of death than individuals who never smoke, providing further evidence that there is no safe level of cigarette smoking, according to a study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Immunotherapy shows promise in preventing leukemia relapse
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center announced promising results from an early trial in which patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia received genetically engineered immune cells.

Snow data from satellites improves temperature predictions, UT researchers show
Researchers with The University of Texas at Austin have found that incorporating snow data collected from space into computer climate models can significantly improve seasonal temperature predictions.

During last warming period, Antarctica heated up 2 to 3 times more than planet average
A new study of warming after the last ice age 20,000 years ago confirms climate models that predict an amplification of warming at the poles.

Lawnmowers of the sea
In a new study, a Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego-led research team examined the unique grazing roles of algae-eating herbivores on coral reefs to learn more about how they help keep corals from being overgrown by seaweeds.

Female lemurs with color vision provide advantages for their group
Female lemurs with normal color vision, as well as their cohabitating colorblind group members, may have selective advantage over lemur groups whose members are all colorblind, according to anthropologists at The University of Texas at Austin.

Andrew Holmes given the ACNP Daniel H. Efron Research Award
The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) has named Andrew Holmes, Ph.D. as one of two winners of the 2016 Daniel H.

New discovery at heart of healthy cereals
Study reveals new information on how beta glucans in oats reduce blood cholesterol.

Test used to diagnose asthma may not be accurate
A new study urges caution in the use of the mannitol challenge test for asthma in non-clinical settings.

New Alzheimer's disease findings to be shared at international conference
The conference will review the most important and promising developments in Alzheimer's disease research.

Rapid validation for genome assemblies? Introducing KAT: K-mer Analysis Toolkit
A new bioinformatics tool has been released by the Earlham Institute that provides rapid validation for whole genome sequencing data as well as genome assemblies produced from Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data.

Age of world's worshipers could shape global issues
The relative portion of older adherents to the world's religions will shift in the coming decades.

Guppies: Study sorts the maths whizzes from the dunces
Some guppies have a better sense of maths than others.

Making sense of research -- research for practical application in land management
According to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, 12 million hectares of fertile, arable land is lost each and every year.

Genetic factors control regenerative properties of blood-forming stem cells
Researchers from the UCLA Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology Oncology and the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA have published two studies that define how key genetic factors affect blood-forming stem cells by either accelerating or hindering the cells' regenerative properties.

Safer, less vulnerable software is the goal of new NIST computer publication
We can create software with 100 times fewer vulnerabilities than we do today, according to computer scientists at NIST.

Clinic readings may underestimate blood pressure during daily activities
Twenty-four-hour ambulatory, or around-the-clock monitoring, during daily activities revealed undetected high blood pressure among otherwise healthy adults who had normal readings in the clinic.

Fast evolution affects everyone, everywhere
Rapid evolution of other species happens all around us all the time -- and many of the most extreme examples are associated with human influences.

New book offers usability 'expert over your shoulder'
Usability Assessment guides user experience professionals and students step by step in the process to achieve optimum design.

Pubic hair grooming linked to heightened sexually transmitted infection risk
Pubic hair grooming is linked to a heightened risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection, finds research published online in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Researchers uncover how hippocampus influences future thinking
Over the past decade, researchers have learned that the hippocampus -- historically known for its role in forming memories -- is involved in much more than just remembering the past; it plays an important role in imagining events in the future.

Re-emergence of syphilis traced to pandemic strain cluster
Over the last few decades, an age-old infectious disease has been re-emerging globally: syphilis.

No peeking: Humans play computer game using only direct brain stimulation
University of Washington researchers have published the first demonstration of humans playing a simple, 2-D computer game using only input from direct brain stimulation -- without relying on any usual sensory cues from sight, hearing or touch.

Armed conflict in Sri Lanka opened space for Tamil women to change gender roles
The armed conflict that raged in Sri Lanka for decades opened a space for women in Jaffna's Tamil society to assume new and different roles.

Frank Wilczek hosts first workshop on axions as professor at Stockholm University
Stockholm University and NORDITA host this week an international workshop on axions and dark matter.

Bactericidal activity of usnic acid-loaded electrospun fibers
The development of antibiotics generated a revolution in the way we look and treat bacterial infections.

Polypharmacy in psychiatric practice, etiology and potential consequences
Psychiatric polypharmacy is defined as the use of two or more drugs in the treatment of a psychiatric condition.

Researchers stress the need for research on Ebola virus disease in great apes
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a threat to human health, but it also threatens the survival of African great apes.

Novel genetic tools for bioassessment of European aquatic ecosystems, COST grant proposal
Aquatic ecosystems of our 'blue planet' are severely impacted by pollution and exploitation.

Family member with special connections
For 20 years, researchers have tried to find out why the chaperone Ssb is the only member of the widespread Hsp70-chaperone family that is able to bind directly to the ribosome.

Even moderate, habitual alcohol consumption can cause irregular heartbeat
Often people who binge drink experience an irregular heartbeat or a heart

How plants manage excess solar energy
Life on earth largely depends on the conversion of light energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis by plants.

Why friction depends on the number of layers
Based on simulations, friction properties of the two-dimensional carbon graphene were studied by scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM with scientists in China and the USA.

Game changer for organic solar cells
Researchers develop a simple processing technique that could cut the cost of organic photovoltaics and wearable electronics.

Birds flying through laser light reveal faults in flight research, Stanford study shows
Parrotlets flying through a field of lasers and microparticles helped test three popular models that predict the lift generated by flying animals.

No safe level of smoking
People who consistently smoked an average of less than one cigarette per day over their lifetime had a 64 percent higher risk of earlier death than people who never smoked.

Tulane announces five finalists for $1 million Dead Zone Challenge
The National Advisory Committee for the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge has selected five finalists for its $1 million cash prize, which will be awarded to the team that presents the best solution to combat hypoxia -- the deadly deficiency of oxygen that creates annual 'dead zones' in the world's lakes and oceans.

CSU to provide bioprocessing expertise for Department of Defense
Facilities that manufacture biologic drugs like vaccines are a critical part of the nation's biodefense infrastructure.

Everglades Foundation starts algae bloom solution search with 4-year, $10-million Prize
In a bold effort to find a solution to one of the world's most challenging environmental problems, The Everglades Foundation (The Foundation) will officially kick off its four-year, $10-million George Barley Water Prize at the

Cedars-Sinai receives $10 million for pioneering studies of debilitating digestive tract disease
Cedars-Sinai investigators in gastroenterology have been awarded $10 million by the National Institutes of Health to conclude a groundbreaking, decades-long investigation of the genetic and immunological causes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

How one minute could prevent unnecessary hospitalization, tests for patients with low-risk chest pai
Using a shared decision-making aid to involve patients more in their own care decisions can prevent unnecessary hospitalization or advanced cardiac tests for patients reporting low-risk chest pain -- for the cost of about 1 minute of time.

When permafrost melts, what happens to all that stored carbon?
Arctic permafrost contains large stores of organic carbon that have been locked in for thousands of years.

Patients who choose doctors with low office visit prices save hundreds of dollars per year
Patients who choose primary care doctors with low office visit prices can rack up considerable savings on overall health care costs, according to new research from Harvard Medical School.

Few older Americans have dental insurance
Only 12 percent of older Americans have some form of dental insurance and fewer than half visited a dentist in the previous year, suggests new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research on Medicare beneficiaries.

New compound targets TB bacterium's defense against the immune system
Developed by chemists at Brown University in conjunction with colleagues at MIT and Cornell, the compound could enable a new drug strategy for treating tuberculosis.

A handful of photos yields a mouthful of (digital) teeth
A Disney Research team has developed a model-based method of realistically reconstructing teeth for digital actors and for medical applications using just a few, non-invasive photos or a short smartphone video of the mouth.

Plant scientists propose new classification system for European vegetation
Experts have presented a new classification system for vegetation in Europe that aims to standardize classifications across the continent and aid the European Union Nature Information System, which brings together data for nature resource management and conservation, land planning, education, and environmental policy implementation.

'Baby boomers' on dope: Recreational marijuana use is on the rise among adults over 50
There is a common misperception that widespread marijuana use is limited to younger generations.

Infrastructure data for everyone
How much electricity flows through the grid? When and where?

Expectation versus reality in the acceptance of self-driving cars
New research on public acceptance of automated vehicles reveals that drivers' perceptions depend on how realistic a picture they have of the current technology's capabilities.

Combination immune therapy shows promise against Hodgkin lymphoma
The combination of two new drugs that harness the body's immune system is safe and effective, destroying most cancer cells in 64 percent of patients with recurrent Hodgkin lymphoma, according to the results of an early-phase study.

Why the flounder is flat
Scientists have long been puzzled by the flounder's asymmetrical physiology.

Article: Clinicians should address needs of family caregivers of persons with dementia
More than 15 million family members and other unpaid caregivers provide care to persons living with dementia in the United States.

Just 6 months of frequent exercise improves men's sperm quality
Sedentary men who start exercising between three and five times per week improve their sperm counts and other measures of sperm quality in just a few months, according to a new study published today in Reproduction.

A traditional Japanese art inspires a futuristic innovation: Brain 'organoids'
The ancient Japanese art of flower arranging was the inspiration for a groundbreaking technique to create tiny 'artificial brains' that could be used to develop personalized cancer treatments.

Legendary Chesapeake scientist Walter Boynton awarded Mathias Medal
Walter Boynton, a fixture in the world of Chesapeake Bay science for more than 40 years and a longtime professor and estuarine ecologist at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science's Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, received the prestigious Mathias Medal Friday night to recognize his distinguished career of outstanding scientific research that has contributed to informed environmental policy in the Chesapeake Bay region.

Past misdeeds haunt relationships when they feel recent, study finds
If a partner's past transgression feels like it happened yesterday, even if it didn't, you are more likely to remember it during new, unrelated arguments, according to a new study.

Leukemia drug combo is encouraging in early Phase I clinical trial
In a Phase I study, 8 out of 12 patients with relapsed and/or chemotherapy refractory blood cancers responded to a combination of the chemotherapy drugs thioguanine and decitabine; some of the responders had relapsed after treatment with decitabine alone.

Study examines the impact of climate change on freshwater species
How might climate change affect the distribution of freshwater species living in rivers, ponds, and lakes?

Designer switches of cell fate could streamline stem cell biology
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed a novel strategy to reprogram cells from one type to another in a more efficient and less biased manner than previous methods.

A missed app-ortunity: Study finds few mobile health apps help patients who need them most
The smartphones that nearly all Americans carry could transform how people manage their health, especially for the tens of millions who have chronic conditions or complex health needs.

Association between steps, functional decline in older hospitalized patients
Is walking fewer than 900 steps per day associated with functional decline in older hospitalized patients?

Poor anti-VEGF responses linked to genetic variation in immune regulation
Though reducing VEGF signaling with anti-VEGF therapies has positive effects in many patients with wet age-related macular degeneration, some individuals continue to experience vision deterioration during treatment.

Cell Atlas launched at ASCB 2016 Meeting
The Cell Atlas was launched Dec. 4 at the 2016 American Society of Cell Biology Meeting in San Francisco.

Elisabeth Binder given the ACNP Eva King-Killam Research Award
The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) has named Elisabeth Binder, M.D., Ph.D. as the winner of the Eva King-Killam Research Award.

Cancer drug may cause women to grow new eggs, study suggests
Women treated with a common chemotherapy drug combination have more young eggs in their ovaries afterwards, research has found.

The Goldilocks effect in aging research
Salk scientists find that for stem cells to be healthy, telomere length has to be just right.

Stereochemistry: Self-amplifying selectivity
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich chemist Oliver Trapp has designed and synthesized a catalyst which flexibly molds the handedness of the reaction products with which it interacts.

Scientists shed light on the climate-changing desert dust fertilizing our oceans
In the international study led by the University of Leeds, researchers have pinpointed how much phosphate 'fertilizer' is released from dust depending on atmospheric acid levels.

Efficiency of insect biodiversity monitoring via Malaise trap samples and DNA barcoding
An international team of scientists evaluated the performance of DNA barcoding and the barcode reference library applied to large-scale Malaise trap samples from two German sites over the span of one summer.

'Shock and kill' strategy for curing HIV may endanger patients' brains
Combination drug treatments have become successful at long-term control of HIV infection, but the goal of totally wiping out the virus and curing patients has so far been stymied by HIV's ability to hide out in cells and become dormant for long periods of time.

Advances in multiple myeloma, lymphoma and other hematologic malignancies presented at ASH
Researchers from UH Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine presented new findings in multiple myeloma, lymphoma and other hematologic disorders at Annual Meeting of American Society of Hematology.

Syrian crisis altered region's land and water resources, Stanford study finds
Using remote sensing tools to uncover the environmental impacts of war, researchers introduce novel approaches for hard-to-reach areas.

3-D solutions to energy savings in silicon power transistors
Tokyo Tech researchers demonstrate operation energy-savings in a low price silicon power transistor structure by scaling down in all three dimensions.

£60 million boost to strengthen the UK's manufacturing base through 6 new research hubs
Six new £10 million research hubs that will explore and improve new manufacturing techniques across fields such as targeted biological medicines, 3-D printing, and composite materials were announced today by Universities and Science Minister Jo Johnson.

Expanding patient access to multiple health systems may compromise safety
Prescribing safety may be inadvertently compromised when national policies expand patient access to several poorly coordinated health systems.

Immunotherapy agent yields full and partial remissions in aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas
An immunotherapy drug able to induce lasting remissions in classical Hodgkin lymphoma may be equally effective in patients with either of two rare, aggressive forms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, results from a small case study from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers.

Protecting babies from eczema with low-cost Vaseline
A Northwestern Medicine study published today (Dec. 5) in JAMA Pediatrics found that seven common moisturizers would be cost effective in preventing eczema in high-risk newborns.

Field position may impact blood pressure in football players
Football at the college-level is associated with increased blood pressure and changes in size, shape, structure and function of the heart, especially among linemen, according to a new study published today in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

Lack of appropriate clothing can hinder people with disabilities
According to new research from the University of Missouri, approximately 30 million Americans living with mobility challenges and impairments lack the appropriate clothing required for social engagements, work and exercise.

Gene editing yields tomatoes that flower and ripen weeks earlier
Using a simple and powerful genetic method to tweak genes native to two popular varieties of tomato plants, scientists have devised a rapid method to make them flower and produce ripe fruit more than two weeks faster than commercial breeders can currently do.

Baby robots help humans understand infant development
To understand the world, human beings fabricate and experiment. To understand ourselves and how we come to be the way we are, researchers are currently building baby robots with mechanisms that model aspects of the infant brain and body.

Exploring the past, present and future of regenerative medicine
The award-winning, MEDLINE-indexed journal Regenerative Medicine has released a special focus issue on the 10th anniversary of the publication's launch highlighting the key developments in the last 10 years.

Drug combination yields results in patients with forms of leukemia or lymphoma
A combination of two targeted agents -- one approved by the Food and Drug Administration and one undergoing testing -- has demonstrated safety as well as encouraging signs of effectiveness in a phase 1 clinical trial in patients with relapsed or hard-to-treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia or mantle cell lymphoma.

Prehistoric plant remains highlight diverse origins of cereal domestication
A new study shows that the process of cultivation and domestication of cereals occurred at different times across southwest Asia.

Visual biases near the hands help us perform specific actions
Using your hands to perform tasks in specific ways can change the way you see things near your hands, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Interest, skills and belief in own abilities steer youngsters towards STEM jobs
The fact that many young women do not pursue a career in the 'STEM' fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics may have its roots in gender stereotypes.

Global public health advocates open new fronts in war on tobacco
Efforts to control tobacco as a public health threat have escalated as clinicians and public health advocates have coalesced to beat back threats from tobacco companies through public advocacy, public health, and pension reform.

Genetically altered goats may produce milk that causes fewer allergic reactions
The presence of the allergen β-Lactoglobulin (BLG) in the milk of goats and other ungulates restricts the consumption of goat's milk by humans.

New study to investigate role of sleep in chronic pain
Washington State University will lead a study to understand the relationship between sleep and chronic pain, part of a nationwide effort to address the rising abuse of opioid pain relievers and expand the arsenal of non-drug treatment options.

A new dead zone in the Indian Ocean could impact future marine nutrient balance
Population density and global warming may drain the last oxygen out of the Bay of Bengal.

Elyn Saks given the ACNP Media Award
The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) has named Elyn Saks, J.D., Ph.D. as the winner of the 2016 ACNP Media Award.

Plant 'chemical factory' could produce variety of commercial products
A 'chemical factory' on the surface of plant leaves could help produce more commercially useful products, researchers at the University of York have found.

New LED display lights help improve taste of milk, Virginia Tech researchers find
Professor Susan Duncan conducted a series of tests at the Virginia Tech Sensory Evaluation Laboratory that showed the new LED lights leave milk with a more satisfactory taste that consumers prefer over milk that has been exposed to fluorescent lights.

Children with Down syndrome and ALL fare as well as others treated on DFCI ALL protocols
Despite an elevated risk of toxicity from chemotherapy, children with Down syndrome and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) did not experience higher rates of relapse or treatment-related mortality compared with other children treated on Dana-Farber Cancer Institute ALL Consortium Protocols.

Experimental insecticide explodes mosquitoes, not honeybees
In a new study, Vanderbilt pharmacologist Jerod Denton, Ph.D., Ohio State entomologist Peter Piermarini, Ph.D., and colleagues report an experimental molecule that inhibits kidney function in mosquitoes and thus might provide a new way to control the deadliest animal on Earth.

Researchers uncover protein-based 'cancer signature'
A research team at the University of Basel's Biozentrum has investigated the expression of ribosomal proteins in a wide range of human tissues including tumors and discovered a cancer type specific signature.

Tracy L. Bale given the ACNP Daniel H. Efron Research Award
The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) has named Tracy L.

Seven designations for TU Dresden among the Highly Cited Researchers 2016
Six of the world's Highly Cited and thus most influential scientists come from TU Dresden.

PNNL supports White House efforts on soil
PNNL is supporting today's announcement by the White House about efforts related to soil sustainability by sponsoring research projects through two research initiatives with funding of $20 million.

Uncovering a 'smoking gun' in age-related disease
Aging is a key risk factor for a variety of devastating, chronic diseases, yet the biological factors that influence when and how rapidly cells deteriorate over time remain largely unknown.

Mutations in lymphoma patients undergoing transplants raise risk of second cancers
A significant percentage of lymphoma patients undergoing transplants with their own blood stem cells carry acquired genetic mutations that increase their risks of developing second hematologic cancers and dying from other causes, according to a study from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

Protein synthesis: Ribosome recycling as a drug target
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers have elucidated a mechanism that recycles bacterial ribosomes stalled on messenger RNAs that lack termination codons.

New neuron dynamics model better fitted to the biological reality
Neuroscientists are currently working diligently to understand the dynamics of thousands of coupled neurons.

Genetic memory of starvation may curtail lifespan of men
New Tel Aviv University research suggests that periods of fasting or starvation may significantly shorten the lifespans of both children and their male descendants.

Researchers find overwhelming evidence of malaria's existence 2,000 years ago
An analysis of 2,000-year-old human remains from several regions across the Italian peninsula has confirmed the presence of malaria during the Roman Empire, addressing a longstanding debate about its pervasiveness in this ancient civilization.

Here comes 'NoBody,' a microprotein on a mission
Yale researchers have helped identify a novel, functional 'microprotein' encoded in the human genome, using a technique that has revealed more than 400 new proteins too tiny to be found by other means.

Charles B. Nemeroff given the ACNP Julius Axelrod Mentorship Award
The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) has named Charles B.

Brains of people with autism spectrum disorder share similar molecular abnormalities
Autism spectrum disorder is caused by a variety of factors, both genetic and environmental.

Wise plant analysis
Weizmann Institute's WeizMass and MatchWeiz help identify plant metabolites.

Media Availability: NIH researchers identify new genetic links to body fat distribution
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have identified seven new areas of the genome linked to body fat distribution -- a finding that could offer new insights into the biologic mechanisms that influence a person's risk for diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

Three new ASCB celldance video awards take you inside living cells
Powerful new live cell imaging technologies allow three ASCB member labs to take you inside the world of living cells in three new Celldance short video releases.

Early treatment may prevent progression to multiple myeloma
Early intervention with an immunotherapy-based drug combination may prevent progression of high-risk 'smoldering' multiple myeloma to the full-blown disease, according to researchers from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

TSA could save money by waiving PreCheck fees for frequent travelers, study finds
There is an easy way to reduce lines at the airport, increase security and save the Transportation Security Administration money, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers: waive the $85 fee for frequent fliers to enroll in the TSA PreCheck program, which allows pre-screened, verified travelers to go through expedited security at airports.

Kids with lower vocabularies using e-books learn more with adult than pre-recorded voice
A study by researchers at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) at the University of Toronto shows that four-year-olds with average and lower vocabulary skills learn more effectively with an adult reading an eBook to them versus relying solely on the eBook's voiceover.

Confirmation of Wendelstein 7-X magnetic field
Physicist Sam Lazerson of the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has teamed with German scientists to confirm that the Wendelstein 7-X fusion energy device called a stellarator in Greifswald, Germany, produces high-quality magnetic fields that are consistent with their complex design.

ALMA measures size of seeds of planets
Researchers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), have for the first time, achieved a precise size measurement of small dust particles around a young star through radio-wave polarization.

David Glahn given the ACNP Joel Elkes Research Award
Professor of psychiatry and Co-Director of the Division on Neurocognition, Neurocomputation and Neurogenetics at Yale University School of Medicine as the winner of the Joel Elkes Research Award.

NTU scientists build new ultrasound device using 3-D printing technology
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a new ultrasound device that produces sharper images through 3-D printed lenses.

Researchers study sea spray to improve hurricane intensity forecasting
A University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science research team is studying sea spray to help improve forecasting of hurricanes and tropical cyclones.

Using the force
A powerful new technique developed at UCSB reveals the mechanical environment of cells in their natural habitat, the living embryo

Delivering a power punch
Microscale energy storage units for wearable and miniaturized electronic devices are improved using porous materials.

Double whammy for triple negative breast cancer
New Weizmann Institute of Science research provides hope for cancer patients.

Parenting classes benefit all, especially lower-income families
Parenting education can improve the skills of every mom and dad and the behavior of all children, and it particularly benefits families from low-income or otherwise underserved populations.

Extreme downpours could increase fivefold across parts of the US
At century's end, the number of summertime storms that produce extreme downpours could increase by more than 400 percent across parts of the United States -- including sections of the Gulf Coast, Atlantic Coast, and the Southwest -- according to a new study by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

Report reassesses variations in global warming
Experts at the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) have issued a new assessment of temperature trends and variations from the latest available data and analyses.

First detection of ammonia in the upper troposphere
Population is growing, climate is warming - hence, emission of ammonia trace gas from e.g. agriculture will increase worldwide.

Mummified remains identified as Egyptian Queen Nefertari
A team of international archaeologists believe a pair of mummified legs on display in an Italian museum may belong to Egyptian Queen Nefertari -- the favorite wife of the pharaoh Ramses II.

Study examines aspects of family relationships that may affect children's disruptive behavior
A new study has examined the interaction between coparenting and coercive parenting in predicting children's disruptive behavior.

Availability of human food shortens and disrupts bears' hibernation
With winter approaching, bears all over the world are getting ready to hibernate.

New 'printone' tool allows users to create 3-D printed wind instruments in any shape or form
A research team from Autodesk and Dartmouth College has developed a new interactive design tool called 'Printone,' which provides users with the ability to create functional 3-D printed wind instruments in any shape or form using interactive sound simulation feedback.

Potential target for restoring ejaculation in men with spinal cord injuries or ejaculatory disorders
New research provides insights on how to restore the ability to ejaculate in men who are not able to do so.

Resistance to drug of last resort found in farm animals in US
Carbapenems are one of the most important classes of antibiotics used in humans, and are an important agent against multi-drug resistant bacteria.

Ultrathin protective layer brings quite a bit more stability to perovskite solar cell
The addition of a few nanometers of a thin layer of aluminum oxide protects a perovskite solar cell against humidity -- still a major stumbling block to the commercial application of this new type of solar cell.

Prescribing antibiotics, narcotics, and opioids is common but little benefit for patients
A study by the American College of Physicians found that overuse of antibiotics, aggressive non-palliative treatment in patients with limited life expectancy, treatment of chronic pain, and dietary supplements may be the most frequently used low value treatment interventions used by doctors.

Transportation center earns $15 million federal research grant, national designation
Portland State University has secured a five-year grant, expected to be worth up to $15.6 million, from the US Department of Transportation for transportation research, education and outreach.

David H. Yang to receive 2017 AMS-MAA-SIAM Morgan Prize
David H. Yang, a senior at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is the recipient of the 2017 AMS-MAA-SIAM Frank and Brennie Morgan Prize for Outstanding Research in Mathematics by an Undergraduate Student.

University of Huddersfield secures new £30 million for Future Metrology Research Hub
The University of Huddersfield is to lead a new £30 million research centre to help transform UK manufacturing.

Secrets of the paleo diet: Discovery reveals plant-based menu of prehistoric man
A collection of 780,000-year-old edible plants found in Israel reveals the plant-based diet of the prehistoric man and is the largest and most diverse in the Levantine corridor linking Africa and Eurasia.

Martin Katz given the ACNP Paul Hoch Distinguished Service Award
The American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) has named Martin M.

Nivolumab with chemotherapy improves response, survival in AML study patients
The immunotherapy drug nivolumab in combination with standard chemotherapy more than doubled response rates and improved overall survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to preliminary findings by researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Fish fossils reveal how tails evolved, Penn professor finds
A new study by a University of Pennsylvania paleobiologist reveals that the tails of fish and the tails of tetrapods, or four-limbed animals, are entirely distinct structures, with different evolutionary histories.

Tufts researchers uncover possible source of genetic error causing multiple diseases
Researchers have discovered a possible explanation for a genetic error that causes over a dozen neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders.

UMMS scientist designs lamp light operative photodynamic molecules for tumor therapy
UMass Medical School scientist Gang Han, PhD, and his team have designed a new class of molecules used in photodynamic therapy that are able to direct lamp light deep into tissue to kill cancer tumors.

Kids' restaurant menu items often include excess calories
Children eat much of their food away from home, with one of three children and 41 percent of teenagers eating at fast-food outlets on any given day.

Trust issues: Users more gullible when they customize their technology
Technology may have helped turn users into their own information gatekeepers, but they may not necessarily make better, more informed decisions with that data, according to researchers.

Neolithic Syrians were first to domesticate cereals
Eleven-thousand years ago, a Syrian community began a practice which would change man's relationship with his surroundings forever: the initiation of cereal domestication and, with it, the commencement of agriculture, a process which lasted several millennia.

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons announces official open access journal
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), a global leader in orthopaedic surgical education, is announcing the forthcoming launch of JAAOS: Global Research & Reviews.

RNA interference is activated in human response to influenza, other important viruses
Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of California, Riverside, have shown for the first time that RNA interference -- an antiviral mechanism known to be used by plants and lower organisms -- is active in the response of human cells to some important viruses.

Virginia Tech geoscientists size-up early dinosaurs, find surprising variation
The study focused on the skeletal changes that occurred during growth in the small carnivorous dinosaur Coelophysis (SEE-lo-FY-sis), one of the earliest dinosaurs.

Small but mighty: Tiny proteins with big roles in biology
Salk scientists discover a small protein important for cellular housekeeping.

New telescope chip offers clear view of alien planets
Scientists have developed a new optical chip for a telescope that enables astronomers to have a clear view of alien planets that may support life.

Making spines from sea water
How do creatures like sea urchins take up the calcium they need to build hard structures?

Avoiding spiritual struggles and existential questions is linked with poorer mental health
Fear of confronting the tensions and conflicts brought on by existential concerns -- the 'big questions' of life -- is linked with poorer mental health, including higher levels of depression, anxiety and difficulty regulating emotions, according to a new Case Western Reserve University study.

3-D printed kidney phantoms aid nuclear medicine dosing calibration
In nuclear medicine, the goal is to keep radiation exposure at a minimum, while obtaining quality images.

$434,000 to environmental humanities
The Seed Box, Sweden's largest research program in the environmental humanities, is now allocating grants to researchers, writers and artists around the world. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to