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Science News and Current Events for December 06, 2016


Healthy weight only protects women from hot flashes during the early stages of menopause
Greater weight increases the likelihood of night sweats and hot flashes during early stages of the menopause transition but reduces those symptoms throughout menopause and beyond, new UC Davis research published in the journal Menopause shows.
Want to give a good gift? Think past the 'big reveal'
Gift givers often make critical errors in gift selection during the holiday season, according to a new research article in Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Tibetan Mastiff gained high altitude adaptation after domestication by wolf interbreeding
A new study demonstrates strong genetic evidence that, when man first settled into the Tibetan plateau, the recently domesticated Tibetan Mastiff interbred with the Tibet grey wolf, and a DNA swap being introduced at two genomic hotspots is the key to acquiring their special high altitude powers.
Study finds new treatment for spinal muscular atrophy safe for infants
Infants as young as five weeks old with the most severe form of spinal muscular atrophy -- a leading genetic cause of infant mortality -- can be treated safely with nusinersen.
Uterine microbiota play a key role in implantation and pregnancy success in in vitro fertilization
Endometrial microbiota (bacteria in the uterine cavity) play an important role in determining whether women are able to get pregnant via in vitro fertilization (IVF), according to a new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Risk for misuse of opioids and stimulants: What does employment status have to do with it?
Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that employment status is a factor in nonmedical use of prescription opioids and prescription stimulants.
Study examines victim cooperation in cases of intimate partner sexual assault
Sexual assault incidents that involve intimate partners feature unique factors that affect a victim's willingness to cooperate with police, including the relationship between the suspect and victim and law enforcement practices in investigating these crimes, according to a recent study.
Bacterial mechanism converts nitrogen to greenhouse gas
Cornell University researchers have discovered a biological mechanism that helps convert nitrogen-based fertilizer into nitrous oxide, an ozone-depleting greenhouse gas.
How to turn white fat brown
Researchers found that the browning program in white fat cells is normally suppressed by a protein called FLCN.
Protein that promotes 'cell-suicide' could revolutionize eye cancer treatment
New research from the University of Liverpool has identified the role of a specific protein in the human body that can help prevent the survival and spread of eye cancer, by initiating cancer 'cell-suicide.'
Gut feelings: How the microbiome may affect mental illness and interact with treatment
All of us who have experienced a 'nervous stomach' under periods of stress suspect that there is a link between our gut and our mood.
Use of recommended strategies to improve resident shift handoffs in internal medicine residency programs
Survey responses from internal medicine residency program directors reported large variation in implementation of recommended handoff techniques and educational strategies to teach handoffs in internal medicine training programs, according to a study appearing in the Dec.
New data shed light on potential advantages of pacritinib for patients with myelofibrosis
Compared with standard therapy, pacritinib significantly reduces spleen size among people with myelofibrosis who have very low levels of platelets, according to a late-breaking study being presented today during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in San Diego.
East Asian dust deposition impacts on marine biological productivity
Scientists find significant correlations between East Asian dust events and chlorophyll a concentration not only in the open ocean of North Pacific Ocean, but also in the Chinese marginal seas.
Iowa State scientist uses clam shells to help build 1,000-year record of ocean climate
Just like trees have growth rings that scientists can study for clues about past growing conditions, clam shells have growth increments that offer clues about past ocean conditions.
Belgian scientists show NLRP2 protein's role in maintaining fertility later in life
Led by Prof. Mohamed Lamkanfi (VIB-Ghent University), researchers have demonstrated in animal models that a protein called NLRP2 plays an important role in early embryogenesis, the process of cell division in fertilized eggs that occurs before they implant into the lining of the uterus.
School shootings less likely in states with background checks on gun purchases
School shootings are less likely in US states with mandatory background checks on gun and ammunition purchases, and with higher levels of spending on mental health services and public education, reveals research published online in the journal Injury Prevention.
Work-life laws privilege brothel and community interests
Work-life laws and policies are put in place primarily to protect workers.
Cancer's deadly toll grows in less developed countries as new cases increase globally
While cancer is the world's second leading cause of death after cardiovascular diseases, the chances of getting cancer and dying from it look radically different depending on where you live, according to a new analysis of 32 cancer groups in 195 countries or territories.
Additions to standard multiple myeloma therapy do not appear to yield additional benefit
Trial results being presented today during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in San Diego suggest two therapies that are often added to standard therapy in patients with multiple myeloma do not improve rates of progression-free survival compared with the current standard course of treatment alone.
Raising the curtain on cerebral malaria's deadly agents
Using state-of-the-art brain imaging technology, scientists at the National Institutes of Health filmed what happens in the brains of mice that developed cerebral malaria (CM).
Top in US Chamber of Commerce's BusinessH2O Summit, Dec. 12, in Las Vegas
The summit will bring together policy experts, entrepreneurs, business leaders, and investors to discuss best practices in water policy.
UTMB researchers find how Ebola disables the immune system
A new study at The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston sheds light on how Ebola so effectively disables the human immune system.
ANU invention to inspire new night-vision specs
Scientists at The Australian National University have designed a nano crystal around 500 times smaller than a human hair that turns darkness into visible light and can be used to create light-weight night-vision glasses.
Global habitat loss still rampant across much of the Earth
As 196 signatory nations of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) meet this week in Cancun, Mexico, to discuss their progress towards averting the current biodiversity crisis, researchers from a range of universities and NGOs report in the international journal Conservation Letters that habitat destruction still far outstrips habitat protected across many parts of the planet.
Study: Hospital nutrition program shortens patient stays and reduces readmissions
Four advocate health care hospitals followed more than 1,200 adults at-risk of malnutrition during their stay.
Ban on triclosan shows need for new chemicals to demonstrate efficacy and safety
A new commentary cautions that the Food and Drug Administration's ban on triclosan and 18 other biocidal chemicals that promote antibiotic resistance is only a starting point.
USDOT awards $14M for mobility research at UW-led transportation center
The US Department of Transportation has awarded approximately $14 million over five years to a multi-university, regional transportation center led by the University of Washington to fund research aimed at improving the mobility of people and goods across the Pacific Northwest.
BMJ & University of Cape Town Knowledge Translation Unit launch PACK Adult Global
BMJ, one of the world's leading healthcare knowledge providers, and its partner the University of Cape Town Lung Institute's Knowledge Translation Unit, have launched the global edition of the Practical Approach to Care Kit (PACK) in eBook and print format -- to support and empower primary healthcare workers.
Clinical implications of cancer genomics -- a special issue of PLOS Medicine
This week's edition of PLOS Medicine, featuring four Research Articles and two Perspectives, begins a special issue devoted to research on cancer genomics.
Social eating leads to overeating, especially among men
Gorging at a holiday meal or friend's BBQ might have more to do with your ego than the quality of the food -- especially if you're a man.
Improving child-teacher interactions can reduce preschoolers' stress levels
A school-based intervention that promotes warm and caring interactions between a teacher and child can reduce the child's stress in the classroom, a new study has found.
How the tuberculosis vaccine may protect against other diseases
The tuberculosis vaccine is well known to help protect against other infectious diseases, as well as cancer, but the exact mechanisms have not been clear.
Unique strain of lactic acid bacteria in Buryat milk is found
Scientists from the Microbiology Department of the Faculty of Biology of the Lomonosov Moscow State University have discovered a new strain of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which could be promising for further usage as a biopreservative in food preservation and as probiotics.
Two-year study finds no evidence that cleaner cookstoves reduces pneumonia in children
Results from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM)-led Cooking and Pneumonia Study (CAPS) in Malawi indicate that cooking with cleaner burning biomass-fueled stoves in place of traditional open fires has no effect of the incidence of pneumonia in children under the age of 5.
Illinois researchers discover hot hydrogen atoms in Earth's upper atmosphere
A team of University of Illinois researchers has discovered the existence of hot atomic hydrogen (H) atoms in an upper layer of Earth's atmosphere known as the thermosphere.
US public largely unaware that cigarette smoke much more harmful than additives
The US public is largely unaware that the chemicals produced by a burning cigarette are much more harmful than the manufacturer's additives it contains, finds a study of more than 10,000 teens and adults, published online in the journal Tobacco Control.
Scientists learn more about how motors maneuver our cells' roadways
Much like motors power our cars, they also ensure that proteins get to the right place in our cells, and a wide variety of diseases -- from cancer to heart problems -- can result when they don't.
Scientists improve predictions of how temperature affects the survival of fish embryos
NOAA Fisheries Ecology Division and UC Santa Cruz researchers found the thermal tolerance of Chinook salmon embryos in the Sacramento River is much lower than expected from laboratory studies.
Higher death rates associated with routine handoffs of hospital patients
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found higher mortality rates among hospitalized patients during routine transitions of care from one medical resident to another.
End-of-rotation resident transition in care and risk of death among hospitalized patients
Among patients admitted to internal medicine services in 10 Veterans Affairs hospitals, end-of-rotation transition in care was associated with significantly higher in-hospital mortality in an unrestricted analysis that included most patients, but not in an alternative restricted analysis, according to a study appearing in the Dec.
The balancing act: An enzyme that links endocytosis to membrane recycling
All cells have surface membranes and maintaining the surface area of this membrane is critical to the normal functioning of cells.
Research presentations from the IASLC 17th World Conference on Lung Cancer Dec. 6
Today's press briefing at the IASLC 17th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) focused on active prevention, with researchers sharing results of clinical drug trials that have shown reduction in risk of disease progression among lung cancer patients.
Brain blocks new memory formation on waking to safeguard consolidation of existing memories
During consolidation, the brain produces new proteins that strengthen fragile memory traces.
Speed data for the brain's navigation system
In order to guide us accurately through space, the brain needs a 'sense' of the speed of our movement.
Prevalence of disability among students in US medical schools
New research has identified a higher prevalence of disability among students in US allopathic medical schools (2.7 percent) than prior studies (0.3 percent to 0.6 percent), according to a study appearing in the Dec.
Put people at the center of conservation, new study advises
People must be part of the equation in conservation projects to increase local support and effectiveness, according to a new study by the University of Washington and other institutions.
High renewable electricity growth continued in 2015
The 2015 Renewable Energy Data Book shows that US renewable electricity grew to 16.7 percent of total installed capacity and 13.8 percent of total electricity generation during the past year.
Study: Autism brain response theory a dead end
A new study out today in the journal Cerebral Cortex challenges the hypothesis that nerve cells in the brains of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders do not reliably and consistently respond to external stimuli.
Direct link between REM sleep loss and the desire for sugary and fatty foods discovered
The researchers at the University of Tsukuba's International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (IIIS) used a new method to produce REM sleep loss in mice along with a chemical-genetic technique to block prefrontal cortex neurons and the behaviors they mediate.
Reason why farm kids develop fewer allergies explained
Scientists have discovered why growing up on a farm might protect children from developing allergies.
Federal report recommends teaching self-regulation in schools
'Self-regulation affects wellbeing across the lifespan, from mental health and emotional wellbeing to academic achievement, physical health, and socioeconomic success,' said Desiree Murray, associate director of research at the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute.
The role of spirituality in treating postpartum depression in mothers of color
Churches and other faith-based communities are an untapped resource that health-care providers should consider when suggesting treatment options for African-American and Latina mothers who have histories of postpartum depression (PPD), according to the findings of a newly published study by a University at Buffalo-led research team.
UTHealth scientists discover way of developing test for Parkinson's disease diagnosis
Misfolded proteins associated with Parkinson's disease were detected in cerebrospinal fluid by scientists at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), paving the way to development of a biochemical test to diagnosis the disease.
Controlling gene activity in human development
Researchers at the Babraham Institute have revealed a new understanding of the molecular switches that control gene activity in human embryonic stem cells.
Longest-living animal gives up ocean climate secrets
A study of the longest-living animal on Earth, the quahog clam, has provided researchers with an unprecedented insight into the history of the oceans.
New material could lead to erasable and rewriteable optical chips
Engineers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a nanomaterial that could lead to optical chips and circuits.
Critical genes unravelled to understand human diseases and support drug discovery
A network analysis of proteins that are most important in responding to environmental signals highlights potential targets for drugs and provides better information on the genetic basis of diseases.
SAGE partners with UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business to publish its premier journal
SAGE Publishing announces that it will begin publishing California Management Review (CMR), a quarterly journal affiliated with the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley.
Scientific breakthrough reveals unprecedented alternative to battery power storage
Ground-breaking research from the University of Surrey and Augmented Optics Ltd., in collaboration with the University of Bristol, has developed potentially transformational technology which could revolutionise the capabilities of appliances that have previously relied on battery power to work.
Identifying age measurements distorted by fossil fuel emissions
Good news for archaeologists and natural scientists! You will be able to continue to use the radiocarbon method as a reliable tool for determining the age of artifacts and sample materials.
How should patients be monitored for prostate cancer after a negative biopsy?
An expert panel of urologists and radiologists from the American Urological Association (AUA) and the Society of Abdominal Radiology (SAR) has published a set of consensus statements in The Journal of Urology® indicating that MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) targeted biopsy, when properly incorporated into clinical practice, can address such issues.
Doctors need to develop broader skill of empathy
Developing a broader skill of empathy is a more realistic goal for medical students and doctors than urging them to be more compassionate.
New link discovered between class of rogue autoantibodies and poor health outcomes
Results of a new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers offer new evidence for a strong link between angiotensin receptor autoantibodies and increased risk of frailty.
Hulking hurricanes: Seeking greater accuracy in predicting storm strength
To better predict tropical cyclone intensity, scientists sponsored by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) recently worked with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to gather atmospheric data from storms that formed in the Atlantic Ocean in 2016.
Research assesses impact of soil erosion on land and communities in East Africa
The impact of soil erosion on both the environmental and social well-being of communities in East Africa is to be explored in new research led by the University of Plymouth.
Palmer recognized as fellow for contributions to radar science
Robert D. Palmer, Ph.D., University of Oklahoma meteorology professor, associate vice president for research and executive director of the Advanced Radar Research Center, has been named an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Fellow.
Tenaya Therapeutics launches with the goal of curing heart disease
A new biopharmaceutical company, Tenaya Therapeutics Inc., will build on discoveries in cardiovascular disease research made at the Gladstone Institutes, concentrating on regenerative medicine and drug discovery for heart failure.
Research providing promising new treatments for melanoma
In a paper published online Nov. 30, 2016, in Melanoma Management, Adam Riker, M.D., Professor of Surgery and Chief of Surgical Oncology at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, reviews approaches to manage melanoma, including one tested at LSU Health New Orleans that provoked a complete response in a patient with a long history of the disease.
What happens in the cell nucleus after fertilization
A team of scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München shows changes in the immediate environment of DNA after the ovum and sperm fuse to form the zygote.
First multicenter trial; CAR T-cell immunotherapy effective for lymphoma
A late-breaking abstract being presented today during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in San Diego demonstrates that chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a promising option for treating refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma and practical to implement in a variety of real-world clinical settings.
An amino acid controls plants' breath
IBS plant scientists demonstrate that the amino acid L-methionine activates a calcium-channel regulating the opening and closing of tiny plant pores.
NREL 2016 Standard Scenarios outlook shows continued growth in renewables and gas
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released the 2016 Standard Scenarios: A US Electricity Sector Outlook.
Happy salmon swim bette
What makes young salmon decide to leave their rivers and head out to Sea has been a hot topic for decades now.
How our immune system targets TB
Researchers have seen, for the very first time, how the human immune system recognizes tuberculosis (TB).
Three rule-of-law issues threaten Mexico's energy reform
Three major issues with Mexico's weak rule of law threaten to foil the successful implementation of the new reforms made possible when Mexico opened its energy sector to private and foreign investment in 2013, according to a new paper from the Mexico Center at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.
What makes a neuron a neuron?
A team of researchers led by a biomedical scientist at the University of California, Riverside has found that two sibling RNA-binding proteins (PTBP1 and PTBP2) serve both redundant and unique functions in the developing brain when neural stem cells are changed into neurons, providing insight into how neurons are formed.
Study of wild plants contribute to understanding of high risks associated with a warming climate
New research, published today in Botany, investigates how well native California wild mustard species withstand increasing temperatures with the goal of developing a better understanding of heat stress on plants in a warming climate.
Growing mosquito populations linked to urbanization and DDT's slow decay
Mosquito populations have increased as much as ten-fold over the past five decades in New York, New Jersey, and California, according to long-term datasets from mosquito monitoring programs.
IKZF1 gene mutations found to increase hereditary risk for ALL in children
A late-breaking abstract being presented today during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in San Diego identifies inherited genetic mutations in the gene IKZF1 that confer a higher likelihood of developing pediatric acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
New system developed that can switch on immune cells to attack cancer cells
Researchers have developed an artificial structure that mimics the cell membrane, which can switch on immune cells to attack and destroy a designated target.
Preschool programs found to benefit low-income Latino children
A new longitudinal study, using data on 11,902 Latino children from Miami, has found that low-income Latino children who attended either public school prekindergarten or center-based care with child care subsidies at age 4 did well through the end of third grade, but those in public school prekindergarten did better academically than those in center-based care.
Second-generation stars identified, giving clues about their predecessors
Information gathered by University of Notre Dame researchers can be used to tell the story of how the first elements were formed, and determine the distribution of the masses of those first stars.
Unlocking a liver receptor puzzle
The nuclear receptor LRH-1 acts in the liver to regulate metabolism of fat and sugar and is a target for potential diabetes drugs.
Missing 1-2 hours of sleep doubles crash risk
The latest report from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety found that drivers who miss one to two hours of sleep nearly double their risk for a crash.
Predicting unpredictability: Information theory offers new way to read ice cores
A new technique based in information theory promises to improve researchers' ability to interpret ice core samples and our understanding of the earth's climate history.
NIFA announces $3 million in funding for robotics research
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced the availability of $3 million in available funding for robotics research, application and education for agricultural systems that benefit consumers and rural communities.
Hispanic adults with diabetes could benefit from peer support interventions
Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine examined the effectiveness of peer support interventions and found that the interventions were effective at improving the blood sugar levels of participants from minority groups, especially those of Hispanic ethnicity.
Body composition may affect older women's risk of urinary incontinence
In a study of older women, the prevalence of stress- and urgency urinary incontinence (SUI and UUI) was at least two-fold higher among women in the highest category of body mass index (BMI) or fat mass compared with women in the lowest category.
Side effects of leukemia drug can be safely reduced by halving dose
Patients with a chronic type of leukemia could safely reduce the side effects of life-long treatment by cutting their dose in half, according to the results of a University of Liverpool led study presented at an international conference in America this week.
Children's early math knowledge related to later achievement
A new longitudinal study conducted in Tennessee has found that low-income children's math knowledge in preschool was related to their later achievement -- but not all types of math knowledge were related equally.
Blood-brain barrier on a chip sheds new light on 'silent killer'
An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the Vanderbilt Institute for Integrative Biosystems Research and Education (VIIBRE) has developed a microfluidic device containing human cells which faithfully mimics the behavior of the blood-brain barrier and used it to gain new insights into brain inflammation, which can be caused by injury or infections such as meningitis and encephalitis.
Transforming plant cells from generalists to specialists
As a plant extends its roots into the soil, the cells that form at their tips assume different roles, from transporting water to sensing gravity.
New application of existing drug offers personalized therapy for lung cancer
A subset of lung tumors is exquisitely sensitive to a class of recently approved anti-cancer drugs.
Wall-jumping robot is most vertically agile ever built
Roboticists at UC Berkeley have designed a small robot that can leap into the air and then spring off a wall, or perform multiple vertical jumps in a row, resulting in the highest robotic vertical jumping agility ever recorded.
Improving the resolution of lithography
A team of researchers in Korea has demonstrated the use of a wobulation technique to enhance the resolution of flow lithography produced nanostructures.
Game theory can help protect against terrorist attacks
A new article explains how game theory and algorithms are being used to optimize security and patrol schedules to prevent terrorist attacks.
Mount Sinai establishes 3-D printing services for clinicians and researchers
3-D printing team will cater to unique modeling requests with quick turnaround times and costs far below market levels.
Study finds key mechanism important for sex determination in vertebrates
In various vertebrate species, including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, the DMRT1 gene is a master sex regulator.
Researchers compare biodiversity trends with the stock market
Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) have the potential to help stop species loss.
Cancer drug ibrutinib found helpful in treating graft versus host disease after transplant
A late-breaking abstract being presented today during the 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in San Diego shows patients who experience graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after stem cell transplantation that is not resolved by corticosteroid treatment may benefit from the use of ibrutinib, an anti-cancer drug approved by the U.S.
NASA measures altitudes of Hawaii's rain, snow
NASA recently calculated the rate in which snow fell in Hawaii's peaks and analyzed the freezing level.
Global habitat loss still rampant across much of the Earth
A University of Queensland-led study involving researchers from three continents has found habitat destruction still far outstrips habitat protection across many parts of the planet.
Assassins on the rise: A new species and a new tribe of endemic South African robber flies
Discovery of a new species of assassin flies led to the redescription of its genus.
Rhythm of breathing affects memory and fear
Scientists have discovered for the first time that the rhythm of breathing creates electrical activity in the human brain that enhances emotional judgments and memory recall.
Arts programming may help lower stress in economically disadvantaged preschoolers
A new study has found that participating in arts programs during preschool may help reduce the chronically high stress levels that children in poverty are more likely to experience.
Physicists in Mainz and Sao Paulo cooperate in promoting and mentoring young researchers
With the aim of promoting the exchange of the next generation of researchers, the Institute for Theoretical Physics (MITP) at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and the International Center for Theoretical Physics - South American Institute for Fundamental Research (ICTP-SAIFR) in Sao Paulo have signed a cooperation agreement, which is to enable young researchers to participate in events at the partner institution and allow for improved networking opportunities.
MRI scans detect 'brain rust' in schizophrenia
A damaging chemical imbalance in the brain may contribute to schizophrenia, according to research presented at the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology Annual Meeting in Hollywood, Florida.
Bacteria produce aphrodisiac that sets off protozoan mating swarm
This demonstration that bacteria can drive mating in eukaryotes raises the possibility that environmental bacteria or bacterial symbionts may influence mating in animals.
Nomads no more, leatherback turtles find permanent coastal home
Endangered leatherback sea turtles are known for their open-ocean migratory nature and nomadic foraging habits - traveling thousands of miles.
BMJ Best Practice & BMJ Learning available to health workers in Paraná State, Brazil
BMJ, one of the world's leading healthcare knowledge providers, announced today that healthcare professionals in Paraná State will be able to access BMJ Best Practice and BMJ Learning in both English and Portuguese.
Stanford patient is first infant to receive lifesaving drug for neurodegenerative disease
Four-year-old Zoe Harting is doing well after participating in a phase-2 clinical trial of the first drug for a deadly genetic disease, spinal muscular atrophy type 1.
Researchers find new biomarker for brain cancer prognosis
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found a new biomarker for glioma, a common type of brain cancer, that can help doctors determine how aggressive a cancer is and that could eventually help determine the best course of treatment.
GeroScope -- a computer method to beat aging
It takes decades of work and millions of dollars to develop new anti-ageing drugs.
Do cannabis users think package warnings are needed?
Legalization of cannabis for medical or leisure use is increasing in the US, and many experts and cannabis users alike agree that package warnings stating the health risks are needed.
Ice age vertebrates had mixed responses to climate change
New research examines how vertebrate species in the eastern United States ranging from snakes to mammals to birds responded to climate change over the last 500,000 years.
Radiation that knocks electrons out and down, one after another
Researchers at Japan's Tohoku University are investigating novel ways by which electrons are knocked out of matter.
Study finds high rate of depression, suicidal ideation among medical students
A review and analysis of nearly 200 studies involving 129,000 medical students in 47 countries found that the prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms was 27 percent, that 11 percent reported suicidal ideation during medical school, and only about 16 percent of students who screened positive for depression reportedly sought treatment, according to a study appearing in the Dec.
NYITCOM at A-State receives grant to establish a consortium for medical education
NYITCOM at A-State has received a grant from the Delta Regional Authority to support the establishment of the first Delta community-based clinical education consortium with medical and health institutions.
Some bats develop resistance to devastating fungal disease
Bat populations in some places in North America appear to have developed resistance to the deadly fungal disease known as white-nose syndrome.
Sea ice hit record lows in November
Unusually high air temperatures and a warm ocean have led to a record low Arctic sea ice extent for November, according to scientists at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado Boulder.
CTCA invited to international forum to present findings from multiple lung cancer studies
Lung cancer-based studies conducted at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) will be presented at the 17th International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) World Conference on Lung Cancer in Vienna, Austria, Dec.
The Lancet: Experimental drug for spinal muscular atrophy shows promising early results, prompting phase 3 clinical trial
A new drug for spinal muscular atrophy has shown promising early results in a phase 2 trial involving 20 babies with infantile-onset spinal muscular atrophy.
Obesity: Tiny fat-burning molecule might help fight giant problem
A small molecule could provide valuable help in combating the global epidemic of obesity.
Cedars-Sinai wins $7.3M grant to further study heart stem cell therapy safety, effectiveness
Researchers from the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute and the Cedars-Sinai Department of Medicine are expanding their ongoing evaluation of a novel cell-based therapeutic candidate into the area of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
Taking back control of an autonomous car affects human steering behavior
When human drivers retake control of an autonomous car, the transition could be problematic, depending on how conditions have changed since they were last at the wheel.
Praise for polymer science
Engineer Glenn Fredrickson receives the William H. Walker Award for Excellence in Contributions to Chemical Engineering Literature.

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