Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 07, 2016
Shaping pharma: The industry's top stories from 2016
As the year comes to an end, Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, takes stock of the top 10 stories that shaped the pharmaceutical landscape and set the stage for 2017.

Enzyme that digests vitamin A also may regulate testosterone levels
Bco1, an enzyme that metabolizes beta carotene, may play a vital role in testosterone metabolism as well, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Illinois.

Images of faraway galaxies shed new light on dark matter
Scientists have gained fresh insight into the nature of dark matter, the elusive material that accounts for much of the mass of the universe.

Pitt-developed molecule could be first antidote for carbon monoxide poisoning
Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and UPMC have engineered a protein that reverses carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in mice, a discovery that could potentially lead to the creation of the first antidote in humans to the often deadly poisoning.

Major urinary proteins do not allow kin recognition in male mice
Researchers from Vetmeduni Vienna now found evidence that directly refutes this hypothesis.

Decoding cement's shape promises greener concrete
Rice University materials scientists develop techniques to control the microscopic shape of cement particles for the bottom-up manufacture of stronger, more durable and more environmentally friendly concrete.

New moms moving toward the bottle
New moms are increasingly using expressed breast milk (either pumped or expressed by hand) instead of directly breastfeeding their babies, according to a UBC study.

MAO is a possible Alzheimer's disease biomarker
Alzheimer's disease affects more than 35 million people, a number that is expected to increase in the coming years.

New book on Cilia from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'Cilia', from CSHLPress, examines key aspects of ciliary biology -- from the molecular to the organismal level -- in normal physiology and disease.

Brain activity may predict risk of falls in older people
Measuring the brain activity of healthy, older adults while they walk and talk at the same time may help predict their risk of falls later, according to a study published in the Dec.

Early life stressors adversely influence brain development
New brain imaging evidence was advanced in a series of presentations at the recent meeting of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology supporting the long-held belief that stressful early life experiences, such as preterm birth, poverty and lack of familial support, adversely affect brain development.

Evolution Letters -- A new open access journal set to launch in 2017
John Wiley and Sons, Inc., the European Society of Evolutionary Biology, and The Society for the Study of Evolution™ have announced the launch of a new open access publication, Evolution Letters.

Intimate and social relationships important for older adults in assisted living, study finds
Intimate and social relationships remain important for older adults residing in assisted-living facilities, according to a recent study.

Study explores companies' strategies in expanding globally
A new study from The University of Texas at Dallas examines why and how multinational enterprises decide to internationalize.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 05B form
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured an image of newly formed Tropical Cyclone 05B in the Bay of Bengal, Northern Indian Ocean.

OU receives $166M NASA grant for geostationary vegetation, atmospheric carbon mission
The University of Oklahoma has been awarded a five-year, $166 million grant by NASA to advance understanding of Earth's natural exchanges of carbon between the land, atmosphere and ocean.

Diabetes drug slows experimental Parkinson's progression, human trials to begin next year
A new investigational drug originally developed for type 2 diabetes is being readied for human clinical trials in search of the world's first treatment to impede the progression of Parkinson's disease following publication of research findings today in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Brain activity may predict risk of falls in older adults
Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older Americans and all too often lead to physical decline and loss of independence.

When neurons are 'born' impacts olfactory behavior in mice
Neurons generated at different life stages in mice can impact aspects of their olfactory sense and behavior.

Virtual reality in medicine: New opportunities for diagnostics and surgical planning
Before an operation, surgeons have to obtain the most precise image possible of the anatomical structures of the part of the body undergoing surgery.

Mayo Clinic research helps refine role of gene variants in breast cancer risk
Inherited pathogenic variants in protein coding genes BARD1 and RAD51D increase a woman's likelihood of developing breast cancer, according to research conducted at Mayo Clinic and presented today at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

West African HIV-2 prevalence associated with lower historical male circumcision rates
In West African cities, male circumcision rates in 1950 were negatively correlated with HIV-2 prevalence from 1985, according to a study published Dec.

Migrating birds pile up along Great Lakes' shores
Birds prefer to migrate at night -- so much so that if day breaks while they're over water, they'll turn back toward the nearest shore rather than pressing on.

Substance present in ayahuasca brew stimulates generation of human neural cells
Human neural progenitors exposed to harmine, an alkaloid presented at the psychotropic plant decoction ayahuasca, led to a 70 percent increase in proliferation of these cells.

PIoneering medical geneticist, John M. Opitz, M.D., honored by Republic of Germany
Since beginning his medical career in the 1960s, he has defined and documented numerous genetic syndromes, more than a dozen of which bear his name, pioneered phenotype, or the analysis of the physical and biological manifestations of genetic disorders, and laid foundational work for finding genes associated with genetic disorders.

Miraculous proliferation
Bacteria able to shed their cell wall assume new, mostly spherical shapes.

Research into the theoretical bases of future wireless communications
A Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) scientist, Tobias Koch, has received an ERC Starting Grant, one of the most important grants in Europe for young researchers, to establish the theoretical and mathematical bases that will enable faster and more efficient wireless communications in the future.

Ecologists publish research on soil's potential to increase the Earth's CO2
Soil, an important part of the carbon cycle, might compound the world's carbon dioxide problem, according to a global study in Nature involving Kansas State University researchers and Konza Prairie Biological Station.

Sleep apnea can contribute to recurring pulmonary embolism
Researchers have found that after the first incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE), obstructive sleep apnea increases the risk for PE recurrence.

East Greenland ice sheet has responded to climate change over the last 7.5 million
Using marine sediment cores containing isotopes of aluminum and beryllium, a group of international researchers has discovered that East Greenland experienced deep, ongoing glacial erosion over the past 7.5 million years.

Cheaper and more sustainable sweeteners
Polyalcohols are widely used in the food industry, especially in candy and gum because they bring the sweet without the risk of cavities.

Study proposes new protocol for treatment of thalassemia
Brazilian scientists, in an article in the journal Blood, shows that administering the anti-hypertensive drug amlodipine in conjunction with conventional chelation therapy helps combat health problems caused by the buildup of iron in organs

Chemical mosquito controls ineffective in Zika fight
Some existing methods for controlling Zika-carrying mosquitoes are not effective and may even be counter-productive, according to research by scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Summary of research presented at the IASLC 17th World Conference on Lung Cancer
Today's press briefing at the IASLC 17th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) focused on clinical trials that advance the progress made in lung cancer treatment through immunotherapy and better diagnostics.

Social work professor's domestic violence project wins major national award
A project which aims to prevent domestic violence in the Caribbean has won a national award for public engagement.

Scientists developing model to predict if chemotherapy will work for breast cancer
In a study presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, researchers report that they developed a model that can predict which triple negative breast cancer patients will respond to chemotherapy.

New study identifies possible predictor for women's longevity
Death and taxes have long been said to be the only two things guaranteed in life.

Scientists develop exciting new option for targeted cancer therapy
Scientists at Trinity College Dublin have identified a new option for more targeted cancer therapy.

Cellular immunotherapy targets a common human cancer mutation
n a study of an immune therapy for colorectal cancer that involved a single patient, a team of researchers at the National Cancer Institute identified a method for targeting the cancer-causing protein produced by a mutant form of the KRAS gene.

Do thoughts of death change our shopping habits?
new research from the John Molson School of Business (JMSB) and HEC Montréal shows that, for people with certain world views, thoughts of death can actually trigger the buying impulse.

Baby teethers soothe, but many contain low levels of BPA
Bisphenol-A (BPA), parabens and antimicrobials are widely used in personal care products and plastics.

Imaging links structural brain changes and cognitive decline in Parkinson's
People with Parkinson's disease and cognitive impairment have disruptions in their brain networks that can be seen on a type of MRI, according to a new study.

Personalized cancer vaccine is associated with promising outcomes for patients with AML
A personalized vaccine created from AML patients' own immune cells and cancer cells linked to increased immune response against leukemia cells.

Follow-up by trained nurses helps myocardial infarction patients
The quality of life of elderly myocardial infarction patients can be significantly improved without extra costs by means of so-called case management following hospitalization.

Yoga reduces blood pressure in patients with prehypertension
Yoga reduces blood pressure in patients with prehypertension, according to a study presented at the 68th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI).

UA Steele Children's Research Center receives $1.73m to study autoimmune disease triggers
The study seeks to find answers into the mechanisms that trigger autoimmune disease -- diseases that are on the rise in the Western world, afflicting approximately 24 million Americans.

Two genetic mutations discovered in subset of acute myeloid leukemia
Two genetic mutations known to play a role in many solid cancers might also help explain why a subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients develop the disease.

Scientists shed new light on how the brain processes & maintains what we don't see
A team of scientists has mapped out how our brains process visuals we don't even know we've seen, indicating that the neuronal encoding and maintenance of subliminal images is more substantial than previously thought.

Novel test enables earlier detection of Merkel cell carcinoma, Fred Hutch scientists say
New research findings show how immune system marker can supplement and often outperform imaging studies for recurrence of Merkel cell carcinoma

Nearly one in five young Ontario adults shows problematic use of electronic devices
CAMH Monitor survey also shows many Ontario adults report texting and driving, and increasing mental distress days As many as 19 per cent of Ontario adults aged 18 to 29 experience moderate to severe problematic use of electronic devices, which includes smartphones, tablets, computers and video game consoles, according to the latest CAMH Monitor survey.

Helping children achieve more in school
Researchers show that secondary school children with normal intellectual ability but poor grades are also less effective in their learning strategies.

Dietary magnesium associated with reduced risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes
A diet rich in magnesium may reduce the risk of diseases including coronary heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes according to a new meta-analysis published in the open-access journal BMC Medicine.

What comes before new-onset major depressive disorder in kids, teens?
Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals with a family risk of depression.

Public urged to be more body vigilant in fight against cancer, new study finds
New research published in BMC Public Health has found that increased body vigilance may contribute to early cancer diagnosis.

Novel label-free microscopy enables dynamic, high-resolution imaging of cell interactions
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have invented a novel live-cell imaging method that could someday help biologists better understand how stem cells transform into specialized cells and how diseases like cancer spread.

New study shows targeted therapy needed for breast cancer with brain metastases
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute and Magee-Womens Research Institute have discovered molecular changes in the primary tumor of breast cancer patients who developed brain metastases.

Beware: Children can passively 'smoke' marijuana, too
Relaxing with a joint around children is not very wise.

Half of people believe fake facts
Many people are prone to 'remembering' events that never happened, according to new research by the University of Warwick.

Patients wait 4 months before seeking cancer diagnosis
Patients wait an average of four months before seeking a cancer diagnosis, researchers report at the ESMO ASIA 2016 Congress in Singapore.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Dec. 7 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the Dec. 7, 2016, issue of JNeurosci.

TET proteins drive early neurogenesis
The fate of stem cells is determined by series of choices that sequentially narrow their available options until stem cells' offspring have found their station and purpose in the body.

Partnership at a distance: Deep-frozen helium molecules
As atomic physicists in Frankfurt have now been able to confirm, over 75 percent of the time helium atoms are so far apart that their bond can be explained only by the quantum-mechanical tunnel effect.

Queen's University expert leading €4m bid to reduce impact of chemicals on long-term health
A Queen's University Belfast expert is leading a €4m international initiative to investigate whether natural toxins and manmade chemicals are creating potentially dangerous mixtures that affect our natural hormones and cause major illnesses such as cancer, obesity, diabetes or infertility.

Fighting contaminated land with help from the humble fruit
Scientists have discovered that a gene found in the common fruit fly can be successfully expressed in a plant and used to detoxify land contaminated with TNT.

Springer offers flexible purchasing option for Springer Book Archives
Springer now offers its Springer Book Archives (SBA) in smaller year set packages.

Knowing one's place in a social hierarchy
When you start a new job, it's normal to spend the first day working out who's who in the pecking order, information that will come in handy for making connections in the future.

Deep brain stimulation may not boost memory
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of areas in the brain known to be involved in making memories does not improve memory performance, according to a study by Columbia University researchers published Dec.

Disruption of the body's internal clock causes disruption of metabolic processes
Chronobiologists from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have shown that the body's carbon monoxide metabolism is closely linked to the body's circadian (internal) clock.

Dark matter may be smoother than expected
Analysis of a giant new galaxy survey, made with ESO's VLT Survey Telescope in Chile, suggests that dark matter may be less dense and more smoothly distributed throughout space than previously thought.

Pollinator habitat program spreads bad seeds with the good
Weed scientists in at least two Midwestern states have been reporting for years that a conservation program meant to provide habitat for pollinating insects is sowing bad seeds -- including seeds of the potentially devastating agricultural weed Palmer amaranth -- along with the good.

The secret slimming effect of sweet potato waste
The sweet potato pie you eat during the holidays might not be good for your waistline, but according to a new study published in the journal Heliyon, the starchy water left over from cooking the sweet potato could have slimming effects -- at least in mice.

New approach may open up speech recognition to more languages
At the Neural Information Processing Systems conference this week, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) are presenting a new approach to training speech-recognition systems that doesn't depend on transcription.

Researchers combine MERS and rabies viruses to create innovative 2-for-1 vaccine
In a new study, researchers have modified a rabies virus, so that it has a protein from the MERS virus; this altered virus works as a 2-for-1 vaccine that protects mice against both Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and rabies.

Critical zone, critical research
The critical zone extends from the top of the tallest tree down through the soil and into the water and rock beneath it.

How your parenting tactics influence your teen's problem behaviors
In a new study, published in, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Misaki Natsuaki, psychology professor at the University of California, Riverside, and Laura Dimler, a graduate student in psychology at UCR, found that when teens viewed their parents' parenting tactics more negatively than parents did, they showed elevated levels of aggressive behaviors.

ASHG supports Genetic Privacy Provisions in 21st Century Cures Act
The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) commends Congress for strengthening privacy protections for genetics research participants as part of the 21st Century Cures Act (H.R.34) passed on Dec.

Perceived long-term job insecurity puts pressure on older workers
The long-term threat of getting a pink slip is giving some older workers the blues.

Stamping technique creates tiny circuits with electronic ink
Engineers at MIT have invented a fast, precise printing process that may make such electronic surfaces an inexpensive reality.

Patients with acute coronary syndrome at increased risk of suicide
Patients with acute coronary syndrome are at an increased risk of suicide compared to otherwise healthy people.

Foraging differences let closely related seabirds coexist
How do seabirds share habitat when food is limited? In the case of frigatebirds, size differences drive them to seek different prey.

Uncovering the secrets of water and ice as materials
Water is vital to life on Earth, yet from a scientific point of view, much remains unknown about water and its many solid phases, which display a plethora of unusual properties and so-called anomalies that, while central to water's chemical and biological importance, are often viewed as controversial.

Modest increases in high blood pressure linked to death; heart failure
Even modest increases in high blood pressure were linked to a greater risk of death and heart failure among African-American adults of all ages, although the increased risk of death was greatest in those under age 60.

Atlas of the RNA universe takes shape
In the last few years, small snippets of RNA, which may have played a key role in the planet's earliest flickering of life, have been uncovered and examined in great detail.

Machine learning enables predictive modeling of 2-D materials
In a study published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, a team of researchers led by Argonne computational scientist Subramanian Sankaranarayanan described their use of machine learning tools to create the first atomic-level model that accurately predicts the thermal properties of stanene, a 2-D material made up of a one-atom-thick sheet of tin.

Applicability of dynamic facilitation theory to binary hard disk systems
Masaharu Isobe of the Nagoya Institute of Technology led international collaborators using event-driven algorithms to calculate the equilibrium states of 2-D hard particle systems at different pressures to determine if the dynamic facilitation theory was applicable to these systems.

Tumor cells are dependent on fat to start metastasis
A study headed by Salvador Aznar Benitah, ICREA researcher at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), and published today in Nature identifies metastasis-initiating cells through a specific marker, namely the protein CD36.

Optimism may reduce risk of dying prematurely among women
Having an optimistic outlook on life -- a general expectation that good things will happen -- may help people live longer, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Supportive care for cancer patients remains inadequate
Pain relief and other forms of supportive care for cancer patients are insufficient, researchers report at the ESMO ASIA 2016 Congress in Singapore.

Targeted preventive measures for hip fracture are needed for persons with Alzheimer's disease
The hip fracture risk factors are generally similar among those with and without Alzheimer's disease, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland.

One specific gene explains many diseases
Genetic differences in the FADS1 gene determine the risk for many different diseases.

Unique visual stimulation may be new treatment for Alzheimer's
Using LED lights flickering at a specific frequency, MIT researchers have shown that they can significantly reduce the beta amyloid plaques seen in Alzheimer's disease in the visual cortex of mice.

Closing the carbon loop
Research at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering focused on developing a new catalyst that would lead to large-scale implementation of capture and conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) was recently published in the Royal Society of Chemistry journal Catalysis Science & Technology.

Blocks of ice demonstrate levitated and directed motion
Resembling the Leidenfrost effect seen in rapidly boiling water droplets, a disk of ice becomes highly mobile due to a levitating layer of water between it and the smooth surface on which it rests and melts.

High-resolution brain scans could improve concussion detection
Simon Fraser University researchers have found that high-resolution brain scans, coupled with computational analysis, could play a critical role in helping to detect concussions that conventional scans might miss.

Two UTHealth researchers elected to prestigious scientific association
In recognition of their efforts to develop new treatments for fungal infections and stress-related chronic illnesses, respectively, Michael Lorenz, Ph.D., and Xiaodong Cheng, Ph.D., of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have been elected fellows by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Understanding necrophilia: A global interdisciplinary approach (cognella)
Even lawmakers and the media find it difficult to confront, according to new criminology book.

Greenland on thin ice?
First-of-their-kind studies provide new insight into the deep history of the Greenland Ice Sheet, looking back millions of years farther than previous techniques allowed.

Study shows blood products unaffected by drone trips
In what is believed to be the first proof-of-concept study of its kind, Johns Hopkins researchers have determined that large bags of blood products, such as those transfused into patients every day, can maintain temperature and cellular integrity while transported by drones.

Saturn's bulging core implies moons younger than thought
Freshly harvested data from NASA's Cassini mission reveals that the ringed planet's moons may be younger than previously thought.

Why keep the raw data?
The increasingly popular subject of raw diffraction data deposition is examined in a Topical Review in IUCrJ.

Molecular switches researched in detail
Seeing, smelling, tasting, regulation of blood pressure -- molecular switches are involved in all of these processes.

Sandia Labs, Singapore join forces to develop energy storage
Sandia National Laboratories has signed a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with the government of Singapore's Energy Market Authority (EMA) that will tap into the labs' expertise in energy storage.

Common insecticides are riskier than thought to predatory insects
Neonicotinoids -- the most widely used class of insecticides -- significantly reduce populations of predatory insects when used as seed coatings, according to researchers at Penn State.

Dad's exposure to phthalates in plastics may affect embryonic development
A new study led by environmental health scientist Richard Pilsner at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, one of the first to investigate whether preconception exposures to phthalates in fathers has an effect on reproductive success via embryo quality, found that exposures from select chemicals tested were associated with 'a pronounced decrease in blastocyst quality' at an early stage in embryo development.

New discovery may lead to the development of super premium gasoline
In contradicting a theory that's been the standard for over eighty years, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have made a discovery holding major promise for the petroleum industry.

DFG congratulates Manfred Curbach on winning the Deutscher Zukunftspreis
Dresden-based construction engineer and team receive Federal President's award.

Optical probes overcome light scattering in deep-brain imaging, says Neurophotonics report
A solution to the issue of light scattering in neural tissue that hinders illuminating areas deep within the brain in optogenetic procedures has been reported by researchers from Caltech, Stanford University, and Baylor College of Medicine in the journal Neurophotonics, published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.

Despite evolutionary inexperience, northern sockeye manage heat stress
Sockeye salmon that evolved in the generally colder waters of the far north still know how to cool off if necessary, an important factor in the species' potential for dealing with global climate change.

Brain metastasis persists despite improved targeted treatment for HER2 breast cancer
While new targeted treatments developed across the past two decades have led to dramatic survival improvements for women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers and collaborators report that rates of breast cancer brain metastasis for women with this disease have not substantially declined.

Some breast cancer patients on neoadjuvant chemo may avoid axillary lymph node dissection
Axillary lymph node dissection could be avoided by certain early-stage breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Scientists can now better diagnose diseases with multiple genetic causes
Scientists at Baylor College of Medicine, Baylor Genetics, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and Texas Children's Hospital are combining descriptions of patients' clinical features with their complex genetic information in a unified analysis to obtain more precise diagnoses of complex diseases, particularly those that involve more than one gene causing the condition.

Safety in darkness
With a little help from chickens and video cameras, scientists have captured live the moment when skin gets darker.

Toward opioid vaccines that can help prevent overdose fatalities
In 2014, the number of deaths from opioid overdoses in the US jumped to its highest level on record.

'Pulling' bacteria out of blood
Magnets instead of antibiotics could provide a possible new treatment method for blood infection.

Patients receiving CD for atraumatic headache in ER less likely to return within 30 days
A retrospective observational study illustrates that patients who underwent CT examination for atraumatic headache in an initial emergency department (ED) visit were less likely to return to the ED within 30 days.

Big data approach to water quality applied at shale drilling sites
A computer program is diving deep into water quality data from Pennsylvania, helping scientists detect potential environmental impacts of Marcellus Shale gas drilling.

Research aims to improve In vitro fertilization success rates
An Simon Fraser University engineering scientist is working with the Pacific Centre for Reproductive Medicine (PCRM) to develop machine vision software that could help improve fertility treatments.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2016
Almeria Analytics adds a capability with ORNL technology; wireless sensor network provides insight into population density, movement; new ORNL technology quickly detects cracks in walls, roofs; ORNL motor boasts 75 percent power gain over competing designs; new microscopy technique features unprecedented resolution; and livestock feed gets a bioenergy boost.

Stem cell-based test predicts leukemia patients' response to therapy to tailor treatment
Leukemia researchers at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have developed a 17-gene signature derived from leukemia stem cells that can predict at diagnosis if patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) will respond to standard treatment.

Can bird feeders do more harm than good?
Many bird lovers put out feeders full of seed for their feathered friends -- but those feeders may also attract predators that eat eggs and nestlings.

Heart disease protein linked to brain damage
Levels of a protein in the blood associated with heart disease are also linked to early-stage brain damage, according to a new study.

Plants engineered to express a fruit fly gene may help clean up environmental pollutant
Through a process called phytoremediation, researchers are using plants to clean up land contaminated with TNT, a toxic environmental pollutant and possible carcinogen.

Most of Greenland ice melted to bedrock in recent geologic past, says study
Scientists have found evidence in a chunk of bedrock drilled from nearly two miles below the summit of the Greenland ice sheet that the sheet nearly disappeared for an extended time in the last million years or so.

Carbon monoxide 'scavenger' offers potential antidote to silent killer
Researchers have designed a scavenger molecule that can trap and remove carbon monoxide (CO) from the bloodstream within minutes, protecting mice from this common 'silent killer.'

Fishy Caribbean 'juveniles' to be recognized as a new species, the Hourglass basslet
Living in deep reefs in the Atlantic Ocean, the banded basslet has long been thought to undergo significant changes during its growth into an adult.

Could a seawater battery help end our dependence on lithium?
With the ubiquity of lithium-ion batteries in smartphones and other rechargeable devices, it's hard to imagine replacing them.

New studies take a second look at coral bleaching culprit
When it comes to coral health, superoxide -- a natural toxin all oxygen-breathing organisms produce -- gets a bad rap.

Genetic alterations more common in tumors of older patients with metastatic breast cancer
In a preliminary findings presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, researchers report that older patients were as likely as younger patients to receive targeted therapy and enroll in therapeutic trials based on genetic sequencing results.

Researchers reveal 3-D structure of cell's inflammation sensor and its inhibitors
Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California San Diego have now determined the 3-D structure of CCR2 simultaneously bound to two inhibitors.

Mount Sinai researchers find signs of secondhand marijuana smoke exposure in children
Children exposed to secondhand marijuana smoke show measurable amounts of the drug in their bodies, a researcher at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has found. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to