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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | December 08, 2016


UH Seidman cancer center expert presents triple-negative breast cancer immunotherapy trial
A researcher from UH Seidman Cancer Center will discuss his upcoming immunotherapy clinical trial for triple-negative breast cancer at 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.
Against the tide: A fish adapts quickly to lethal levels of pollution
Evolution is working hard to rescue some urban fish from a lethal, human-altered environment, according to a study led by the University of California, Davis, and published Dec.
Treating cancer, mental health neglect in rural America
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute oncologist publishes New England Journal of Medicine 'Perspective' on her experience treating a patient in rural Oregon with breast cancer, mental illness.
Trapdoor spiders disappearing from Australian landscape
Recent surveys by Australian scientists have identified an apparent significant decline in the numbers of trapdoor spiders across southern Australia.
Brain & Behavior Research Foundation awards NARSAD Distinguished Investigator grants
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation today announced the award of NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grants valued at $1.5 million to 15 scientists, who are full professors or the equivalent, conducting innovative projects in diverse areas of neurobiological and behavioral research.
DFG announces winners in second round of international research marketing competition
Two universities and one non-university research institution to receive 100,000 euros to implement their strategic ideas.
Scientists determine how much damage memory devices can take in mass transit accidents
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) officials often rely on digital clues left behind in flash memories of any and all electronic devices at a crash site.
Island volcano monitoring system tested at Nishinoshima
In October 2016 a Japanese research team tested a newly-developed island volcano monitoring system in the seas around Nishinoshima, where eruptions have been continuing since November 2013.
Healthy diet may help kidney disease patients live longer
A healthy diet high in fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, cereals, whole grains, and fiber, and low in red meat, salt, and refined sugars was linked with a reduced risk of early death in an analysis of seven studies.
Going with the flow: Facile synthesis of a complex biologically active oligopeptide
Scientists at the Tokyo Institute of Technology utilized micro-flow amide bond formation to achieve total synthesis of the structurally complex, biologically active natural product, feglymycin.
UNIST engineers thermoelectric material in paintable liquid form
A research team affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has developed liquid-like TE materials that can be painted on almost any surface.
McGill announces Dr. Thomas Robinson 2016 winner of the Bloomberg Manulife Prize
McGill University, in association with Lawrence and Frances Bloomberg and Manulife, is pleased to announce that Dr.
Brain neurons help keep track of time
Turning the theory of how the human brain perceives time on its head, a novel analysis in mice reveals that dopamine neuron activity plays a key role in judgment of time, slowing down the internal clock.
Researchers identify potentially druggable mutant p53 proteins that promote cancer growth
Scientists have focused on certain p53 mutations that generate mutant proteins that promote cancer growth and metastasis.
Neurons that control judgment of time discovered in the mouse brain
Time flows, time flies, time stands still. All these expressions show just how highly variable, depending on multiple factors, our perception of the passage of time can be.
Pets offer valuable support for owners with mental health problems
Pets can help people manage their long-term mental health conditions, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Psychiatry.
Scientists unlock genetic code of diseased lung cells to find new treatments for IPF
Researchers cracked the complete genetic code of individual cells in healthy and diseased human lung tissues to find potential new molecular targets for diagnosing and treating the lethal lung disease Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).
Investigating link btwn bedside nursing & avoidable readmissions for older black patients
As many as a quarter of all older adults discharged from an acute hospitalization will return within thirty days.
Research explains why some presents are great to give but not to receive
New research from Indiana University's Kelley School of Business highlights common mistakes that people will make this holiday season, including thinking more about the moment they expect when giving a present than the many moments after when their recipients keep and use the gift.
Key regulator of bone development identified
Loss of a key protein has been discovered as the event that leads to defects in skeletal development, including reduced bone density and a shortening of the fingers and toes -- a new potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis.
Fast test can monitor drug resistance in hookworms
More than 2 billion people around the world are infected with intestinal helminths, parasitic worms that can cause disease, complicate pregnancies, and stunt the growth of children.
Graphene-infused silly putty detects human respiration, spider footsteps
Researchers have created a highly sensitive and effective sensor out of an unusual combination of materials -- graphene sheets and a commercial polymer known as Silly Putty.
Shooting, gang violence exposure leads to PTSD
The violence that women in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience and witness can result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and full diagnoses, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study that examined a disadvantaged Chicago neighborhood.
GPs not dissatisfied with performance related pay, study finds
Linking GPs' pay to their performance has no discernible effect on their job satisfaction, a University of Manchester study of almost 2,000 UK doctors over a four-year period has found.
New method helps compare cholera vaccine costs
Advances in water supply and sanitation are thought to be the ideal way to control the spread of cholera, but a handful of vaccines have also been developed -- or are in development -- to prevent the disease.
Who needs a body? Not these larvae, which are basically swimming heads
Most animals we study have adult-like bodies early in their development.
Insomnia prevalent in patients with asthma
A team of researchers from the University of Pittsburgh has found that insomnia is highly prevalent in adults with asthma and is also associated with worse asthma control, depression and anxiety symptoms and other quality of life and health issues.
Study: Running actually lowers inflammation in knee joints
We all know that running causes a bit of inflammation and soreness, and that's just the price you pay for cardiovascular health.
Artificial beta cells
ETH researchers have used the simplest approach yet to produce artificial beta cells from human kidney cells.
Antidepressant effects of ketamine
New preclinical evidence was put forward by investigators in a series of presentations at the recent meeting of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology suggest that the a metabolite of ketamine can produce antidepressant-like effects in a mouse model of depression.
Electron highway inside crystal
Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators.
UTA researchers win three federal transportation grants
The University of Texas at Arlington has won three national US Department of Transportation grants that could be worth about $12 million in funding to UTA during the next five years and speaks to the University's growing expertise across several academic and research disciplines that intersect the nation's current and future transportation infrastructure.
Oral bacterium related esophageal cancer prognosis in Japanese patients
A type of bacterium usually found in the human mouth, Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum), has been found to be related to the prognosis of esophageal cancer in Japanese patients by researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan.
Researchers find the incident commander in the brain's defence system
Researchers from Aarhus University, Denmark, have come closer to answering the question of how the brain defends itself against viral infections.
Blood-borne HPV antibodies indicate head, neck cancer prognosis
A new study in JAMA Oncology finds that the presence of particular antibodies of human papillomavirus in blood serum are reliable indicators of five-year head and neck cancer survival.
UMMS scientists co-discover first 'off-switches' for CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing
Researchers at UMass Medical School and the University of Toronto have discovered the first known 'off-switches' for CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing, providing much greater control over the edits, according to a new study published in Cell.
RNA modification important for brain function
Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB) and Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have shown that a new way of regulating genes is vital for the activity of the nervous system.
In Colorado, self-harm is leading cause of death in new mothers
Self-harm was the leading cause of pregnancy-associated deaths in Colorado from 2004 to 2014, ahead of car crashes, medical conditions and homicide, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
New study finds mammals during age of dinosaurs packed a powerful bite
A new study by Burke Museum and University of Washington paleontologists describes an early marsupial relative called Didelphodon vorax that lived alongside ferocious dinosaurs and had, pound-for-pound, the strongest bite force of any mammal ever recorded.
Rice scientists' study of human migration could help understand cancer metastasis
A new Rice University study finds that migration for the first humans in America was easier moving east-west as opposed to north-south, largely because the knowledge needed to live in the same climate zones was easily transferable.
Moderate exercise improves memory dysfunction caused by type 2 diabetes
University of Tsukaba-led researchers showed that impaired glycometabolism and memory function in type 2 diabetic rats is improved by moderate exercise, possibly via enhanced lactate transport to neurons by MCT2.
Survey: Wait times for voters in 2016 election improved in several key states
While many voters reported long lines at polling locations around the country during the 2012 presidential election, this year the overall amount of time people had to wait to vote improved significantly, according to a new survey examining voter experience during the 2016 presidential election.
Chemical trickery corrals 'hyperactive' metal-oxide cluster
After decades of eluding researchers because of chemical instability, key metal-oxide clusters have been isolated in water, a significant advance for growing the clusters with the impeccable control over atoms that's required to manufacture small features in electronic circuits.
How to make a motor neuron
A team of scientists has uncovered details of the cellular mechanisms that control the direct programming of stem cells into motor neurons.
Every grain of sand: Method efficiently renders massive assemblies of granular materials
Be it sand, snow or a bowl of spices, rendering massive aggregations of granular materials is a challenge for animators.
Illusion reveals that the brain fills in peripheral vision
What we see in the periphery, just outside the direct focus of the eye, may sometimes be a visual illusion, according to new findings published in Psychological Science.
Higher BMI in adolescence may affect cognitive function in midlife
Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have found that higher Body Mass Index (BMI), if it begins in adolescence, can affect cognitive function in midlife.
Mobile money improves economic well-being in Kenya
Access to digital financial services lifted 194,000 Kenyan households out of poverty, a new study estimates, and increased consumption levels, especially among female-headed households.
Uncertainties related to climate engineering limit its use in curbing climate change
Climate engineering refers to the systematic, large-scale modification of the environment using various climate intervention techniques.
The song of silence
Neurons in zebra finch brains operate as a barcode reader to detect songs of the same species during learning.
Climate change is already causing widespread local extinction in plant and animal species
Extinctions related to climate change have already happened in hundreds of plant and animal species around the world.
Soil pHertility
Researchers create a global map of soil pH and illuminate how it changes between wet and dry climates.
An anti-CRISPR for gene editing
Researchers have discovered a way to program cells to inhibit CRISPR-Cas9 activity.
Protein disrupts infectious biofilms
Researchers discover a protein that inhibits biofilms of a bacterium responsible for many cystic fibrosis infections.
WSU study finds people willing to pay more for new biofuels
When it comes to second generation biofuels, Washington State University research shows that consumers are willing to pay a premium of approximately 11 percent over conventional fuel.
What to do with the data?
Rapid advances in computing constantly translate into new technologies in our everyday lives.
Mixed results
The 2016 Ocean Health Index shows no major declines -- and few real improvements.
Vaping robots measure e-cig vapor delivered to lung cells in the lab
New research proves that e-cigarette aerosol droplets are effectively delivered to cell surfaces in lab-based biological tests.
New study shows contact lens therapy effective in slowing myopia progression in children
A groundbreaking contact lens therapy has potential to impact the fast-growing issue of myopia (nearsightedness) among children.
Search engines 'could help young people find best mental health resources'
Search engines and content providers could have a role to play in helping young people find the most reliable mental health resources online, research at the University of Strathclyde has found.
Control of emerging Ebola infections could be aided by new monitoring method
New research on the 2014 Ebola epidemic tracks the rate at which infections move from one district to another and how often infections cross the borders between countries.
Contraception influences sexual desire in committed relationships
How often women in heterosexual couples desire sex depends on how committed the relationship is and what type of birth control the woman uses.
Mobile money access lifted 2 percent of Kenyan households out of poverty, finds new study
A new study shows the expansion of mobile money helped bring hundreds of thousands of Kenyans out poverty, especially those in female-headed households.
Queen's researchers receive funding to track impact of climate change on polar bears
Queen's University researchers Stephen C. Lougheed, Peter Van Coeverden de Groot and Graham Whitelaw have been awarded $9.5 million in total partner cash and in-kind contributions -- including $2.4 million from Genome Canada's Large-Scale Applied Research Project competition -- to monitor impacts of environmental change on polar bears.
Evolution in action: How some fish adapt to pollutants
New genetic analyses of fish reveal how some have managed to evolve and adapt to live in polluted water.
New tool to help predict dementia risk in older people
Preventing dementia is a major public health priority worldwide, and intense work is being conducted to formulate effective preventive strategies.
Jefferson Lab-NVIDIA collaboration uses Titan's to boost subatomic particle research
A research team led by Jefferson Lab's Robert Edwards has been using computation to inform GlueX experiments at Jefferson Lab as well as corroborate experimental findings.
DNA methylation biomarker for prostate cancer shows promise for accurately determining patient risk
Report in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics describes a biomarker, PITX2 DNA methylation, which is capable of distinguishing cancerous tissue from non-cancerous tissue and predicting the risk of cancer recurrence using only small amounts of tissue obtained from core needle biopsies.
Role of protein in pancreatic secretion suggests potential method for treating diabetes
Osaka University-led research revealed contrasting roles for the SNAP23 protein in pancreatic secretion of digestive enzymes and hormones such as insulin.
Jumping water striders know how to avoid breaking of the water surface
When escaping from attacking predators, different water strider species adjust their jump performance to their mass and morphology in order to jump off the water as fast and soon as possible without breaking of the water surface.
Researchers building flow battery prototype to augment grid
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University are scaling up a prototype iron-flow battery to provide cleaner and cheaper power when renewable energy sources are ebbing or demand is peaking, and efficiently store excess electricity when use is low.
Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution
Veterans Affairs researchers and colleagues are looking to satellites and airport visibility readings to learn about hazardous air conditions facing deployed troops.
Smallpox, once thought an ancient disease, may have emerged in more recent times
New genetic research from an international team including McMaster University, University of Helsinki, Vilnius University and the University of Sydney, suggests that smallpox, a pathogen that caused millions of deaths worldwide, may not be an ancient disease but a much more modern killer that went on to become the first human disease eradicated by vaccination.
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Vardah spinning near Andaman Islands
As NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Bay of Bengal, Tropical Cyclone 05B was renamed Vardah and continued moving away from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Personality traits and psychiatric disorders linked to specific genomic locations
A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has identified six loci or regions of the human genome that are significantly linked to personality traits, report researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine in this week's advance online publication of Nature Genetics.
Scientists reveal 'safety catch' within all dividing cells
Researchers have made a major discovery about how cells control when to divide -- representing a step forward in scientists' understanding of one of the most fundamental processes of life.
Scientists track restoration of communication in minimally conscious patient
A severely brain injured woman, who recovered the ability to communicate using her left eye, restored connections and function of the areas of her brain responsible for producing expressive language and responding to human speech, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine scientists.
Valuable Caribbean spiny lobsters get their food from an unexpected source
In marine environments, some organisms get their energy from chemosynthetic bacteria, which produce their own food from simple chemicals in the environment.
Scientists produce a new roadmap for guiding development & conservation in the Amazon
Scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), The Nature Conservancy, and several partners in Brazil and Peru have produced a geographic information system (GIS) 'roadmap' to help guide conservation efforts at large scale in the Amazon River basin, a region roughly the size of the United States.
Researchers peer into atom-sized tunnels in hunt for better battery
Battery researchers have used a special electron microscope with atomic-level resolution to show that certain large ions can hold open tunnels in a promising electrode material, so that charge-carrying ions like lithium can enter and exit the electrode easily and quickly -- boosting capacity.
German Research Foundation extends funding for basic research in the neurosciences
The German Research Foundation (DFG) will be providing financial support to the Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 1080 on 'Molecular and cellular mechanisms of neuronal homeostasis' for four more years.
How turtles and crocodiles lost parietal eye and differing color vision adaptations
University of California zoologist Christopher Emerling has traced back 200 million years of eye evolution in turtles and crocodiles and contributed to a new understanding of color vision.
Prostate cancer patients more likely to die of other diseases, say 15-year PLCO results
15-year PLCO results published this month in Cancer: 'Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer will not die from their disease... now we need to focus on discovering the men that will,' says E.
Anxiety measure for children with autism proven reliable
In children on the spectrum, anxiety is often masked by the symptoms of autism.
Drug use strong predictor for postpartum mental health problems
New research finds that a woman's lifetime history of drug use can help predict whether the woman will suffer from problems with stress and anxiety after childbirth.
UNIST professor publishes book on contemporary art practice
'Dynamic Growth in Contemporary Art and Creative Practitioners for the Future' is by Professor Kyong-Mi Paek of General Studies at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology.
New test to identify obese women at high risk of developing diabetes in pregnancy
In a new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE, a team of researchers led by King's College London have successfully developed a method that more accurately identifies those obese women at high risk of gestational diabetes, than what is currently being used.
Amber specimen offers rare glimpse of feathered dinosaur tail
Researchers have discovered a dinosaur tail complete with its feathers trapped in a piece of amber.
Review examines rates and predictors of recurrence following surgery for Crohn's disease
Some patients with Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract, require surgery to remove part or all of the large intestine; however, surgery does not cure the condition and many patients relapse after surgery.
Genetic variant determines if stallions become carriers of equine arteritis virus
The change of just four nucleotides in the CXCL16 gene is all that is necessary to determine whether or not stallions are likely to become long-term carriers of EAV.
Study finds less fragmentation in muzzleloading and black powder cartridge rifles
A new study found that traditional bullets for muzzleloading rifles and black powder rifle cartridges fragment less upon impact and may leave far fewer lead fragments in game than a modern high-velocity rifle bullet.
High altitudes hamper hummingbirds' ability to manoeuvre: UBC research
Hummingbirds' ability to accelerate and turn diminishes at high altitudes, but it isn't a lack of oxygen to the body that limits the birds' performance -- it's physics.
Study shows new treatment strategy in head & neck cancer not better than current standard
Results of the largest Canadian clinical trial to date comparing standard treatment for locally advanced squamous cell head and neck cancer with an experimental treatment did not show the new treatment is superior.
People with traumatic brain injury approximately 2.5 times more likely to be incarcerated
People who have suffered a traumatic brain injury are approximately 2.5 times more likely to be incarcerated in a federal correctional facility in Canada than people who have not, a new study has found.
Researchers question lifelong immunity to toxoplasmosis
Medical students are taught that once infected with Toxoplasma gondii -- the 'cat parasite' -- then you're protected from reinfection for the rest of your life.
Why cryptophyte algae are really good at harvesting light
In an algae-eat-algae world, it's the single-celled photosynthetic organisms at the top (layer of the ocean) that absorb the most sunlight.
Tumor found in a 255-million-year-old mammalian ancestor
A tumor in a 255-million-year-old mammalian ancestor called a gorgonopsian is detailed in a new research letter published online by JAMA Oncology.
Honeybee memories: Another piece of the Alzheimer's puzzle?
The honeybee can form complex memories through processes much like those happening in human brains.
Immune system's 'workaround' may explain heart disease in psoriasis patients
Two new studies out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine describe how the inflammatory response to psoriasis can alter levels of several immune system molecules, ultimately increasing a person's risk of thrombosis, which can include fatal blood clots.
Study examines potential effect of regular marijuana use on vision
A small, preliminary study has found an abnormality involving the retina that may account for altered vision in regular cannabis users.
Fishery bycatch rapidly driving Mexico's vaquita to extinction, new studies find
One of the most sophisticated networks of acoustic detectors ever developed for wildlife science has documented a devastating 34 percent per year decline of Mexico's critically endangered vaquita porpoise, according to a new study published today in the journal Conservation Biology.
Unraveling the secrets of cluster crystallization
A team of researchers at ICIQ in Tarragona (Spain) and Oregon State University (US) combine experimental and computational strategies to understand the secrets behind the crystallization of unprecedented chromium polycations.
Study: Mobile money lifts Kenyan households out of poverty
MIT Prof. Tavneet Suri is co-author of a new paper showing that mobile-money services have had notable long-term effects on poverty reduction in Kenya -- especially among female-headed households -- and have inspired a surprising occupation shift among women.
Heavy alcohol use changes adolescents' brain
Heavy alcohol use during adolescence alters the development of brain, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital.
Neuroimaging categorizes 4 depression subtypes
Patients with depression can be categorized into four unique subtypes defined by distinct patterns of abnormal connectivity in the brain, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine.
Child mummy offers revised history of smallpox
A child mummy from the 17th century, found in a crypt underneath a Lithuanian church, was discovered to harbor the oldest known sample of the variola virus that causes smallpox.
Will Earth still exist 5 billion years from now?
What will happen to Earth when, in a few billion years' time, the sun is a hundred times bigger than it is today?
Perspectives on magnetic reconnection
Article describes latest research on magnetic reconnection.
Metaphoring the police: It's all about the right choice of word
A well-chosen metaphor does wonders to explain concepts, to persuade and to ensure buy-in into any given matter.
Localized immunotherapy new possibility to treat bladder cancer
Antibody-based immunotherapy is a new promising method to treat cancer.
Researchers map neural circuitry of songbird learning
Researchers have begun to map the brain circuitry responsible for cultural transmission and species specificity in birdsong.
Protection against Zika just as important during winter
Just because temperatures are cooling down as winter approaches, it's no time to let your guard down when it comes to mosquitoes that can carry the Zika virus.
USDA announces $3.8 million for organics research
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced the availability of up to $3.8 million in funding to support research, education and extension to support organic farmers and ranchers as well as those adopting organic practices for the first time.
EEG reveals information essential to users
In a study conducted by the Helsinki Institute for Information Technology (HIIT) and the Centre of Excellence in Computational Inference (COIN), laboratory test subjects read the introductions of Wikipedia articles of their own choice.
Meadow restoration studied for potential to build carbon credits in California
Turning meadow restoration into cleaner air is the goal of researchers at the University of Nevada, Reno.
Further improvement of qubit lifetime for quantum computers
An international team of scientists has succeeded in making further improvements to the lifetime of superconducting quantum circuits.
Prof Steve WaiChing Sun wins Air Force's Young Investigator Program Award
Columbia Engineering Prof Steve WaiChing Sun has won the Air Force's Young Investigator Program Award to model load response of granular materials; he is leading a combined experiential-modeling effort to help understand the high-strain-rate responses of wetted granular materials to impact loadings released into the soil, such as blasts, explosion, munitions, subsurface exploration, ground improvement, and ballistic vulnerability of military structures.
A nano-roundabout for light
At TU Wien, it was possible to create a nanoscale optical element that regulates the flow of light particles at the intersection of two glass fibers like a roundabout.
Radiation therapy may increase complications in breast cancer patients receiving implants
Radiotherapy increased complications and impaired patient-reported satisfaction with reconstructed breasts in breast cancer patients who received implant reconstruction but not in those who received autologous reconstruction, according to data from a large, prospective, multicenter cohort study presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.
2017 Brupbacher Cancer Research Prize for Adrian Bird, Guido Kroemer & Laurence Zitvogel
The 2017 Charles Rodolphe Brupbacher Prize for Cancer Research of CHF 100,000 is being awarded to three researchers for their outstanding contributions to basic oncological research.
Study furthers research on protein involved in kidney disease
Investigators reveal that Apol1, a protein implicated in kidney disease, is produced mainly by the liver.
Researchers create hidden images with commercial inkjet printers
Researchers have developed a way to use commercial inkjet printers and readily available ink to print hidden images that are only visible when illuminated with appropriately polarized waves in the terahertz region of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Professor Anne Storch from the University of Cologne receives Leibniz Prize
The new recipients of Germany's most prestigious research prize have been announced.
Collaboration between media and medical journals often leads to misinformation and hysteria
When flawed clinical research is reported in the media with hype and sensationalism, it has the potential to have a devastating effect on patients, physicians, the scientific community and eventually society as a whole.
ABIVAX reports on ABX464 as HIV functional cure and treatment for inflammatory diseases
ABIVAX presented new preclinical data on ABX464, its first-in-class drug candidate for a functional cure of patients with HIV/AIDS, during this week's HIV DART (Frontiers in Drug Development for Antiretroviral Therapy) conference in Los Cabos, Mexico.
Researchers identify biomarkers of response to treatment in invasive breast cancer
Researchers report at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium that they have identified biomarkers they believe can be used as part of a larger model to predict how patients with HER2-positive operative breast cancer will respond to the targeted treatment trastuzumab, commercially known as Herceptin, and chemotherapy.
UNIST professor publishes book on contemporary issues in philosophy
UNIST professor Seungbae Park of Division of General Studies has published a book, entitled 'Great Debates in Philosophy.'
Keeping electric car design on the right road
Pushing nanoscale battery developments in the right direction can help create a sustainable transport sector.
Copeptin levels associated with renal and cardiac disease in type 1 diabetes patients
Type 1 diabetes patients with elevated albumin in their urine had three times the risk of life-threatening kidney and cardiac disease as those with normal levels, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
Dipole orientation: New dimension in super-resolution microscopy
Recently, a new polarization-dipole azimuth-based super-resolution technique has been proposed by a group of researchers in Peking University (China), Tsinghua University (China), and University of Technology Sydney (Australia).
Tracking breast cancer cell genetics reveals longer potential treatment window
Breast cancer cells break away and spread to other parts of the body relatively late on in breast tumor development, an international team of scientists has shown.
How miniature predators get their favorite soil bacteria
Tiny predators in the soil can literally sniff out their prey: soil bacteria, which communicate with each other using scent.
Scientists develop new drug screening tool for dystonia
Duke University researchers have identified a common mechanism underlying separate forms of dystonia, a family of brain disorders that cause involuntary, debilitating and often painful movements, including twists and turns of different parts of the body.
NTU launches new research lab to develop greener maritime energy solutions
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) today launched a new marine research laboratory to develop innovative eco-friendly technologies for Singapore's maritime and offshore industry.
Fossilized evidence of a tumor in a 255-million-year-old mammal forerunner
Paleontologists at the University of Washington report that an extinct mammal relative harbored a benign tumor in its jaw made up of miniature, tooth-like structures.
Paternal aging and its possible link to neurodevelopmental disorders
Neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are on the rise but their underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.
Scientists track chemical and structural evolution of catalytic nanoparticles in 3-D
To help tackle the challenge of finding effective, inexpensive catalysts for fuel cells, scientists at Brookhaven Lab have produced dynamic, 3-D images that reveal how catalytic nanoparticles evolve as they are processed.
Not free agents? Could human decisions actually be products of deterministic forces?
Is it not commonly accepted that human decision making is the result of free will and is therefore not deterministic?
NIH funds center for diabetes translation research led by Albert Einstein College of Medicine
The National Institutes of Health has awarded researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System a five-year, $2.9-million grant to launch a new center, one of only 8 in the country, for diabetes translation research.
Transplanted interneurons can help reduce fear in mice
The expression 'once bitten, twice shy' is an illustration of how a bad experience can induce fear and caution.
Oxygen can wake up dormant bacteria for antibiotic attacks
Bacterial resistance does not come just through adaptation to antibiotics, sometimes the bacteria simply go to sleep.
Scheduling leisure activities makes them less fun
Nothing ruins a potentially fun event like putting it on your calendar.
State of the art sensors made from graphene and children's toy silly putty
Researchers in AMBER, the Science Foundation Ireland-funded materials science research centre, hosted in Trinity College Dublin, have used the wonder material graphene to make the novelty children's material silly putty® (polysilicone) conduct electricity, creating extremely sensitive sensors.
Scientists examine bacterium found 1,000 feet underground
Researchers find a bacterium 1,000 feet underground (called Paenibacillus) that is resistant to 18 different antibiotics and uses identical methods of defense as similar species found in soils.
Newly discovered bacteria-binding protein in the intestine
Deficiency in a certain protein in the gastrointestinal tract has been shown to lead to both inflammation and abdominal fat accumulation in mice.
UTHealth experts take part in US Surgeon General's first youth e-cigarette report
Researchers from the Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health were the senior scientific editors for the first-ever US Surgeon General's Report on E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults, released today.
New free Scopus metrics to assess academic journal quality
Information products and services provider Elsevier has launched CiteScoreTM metrics in Scopus, the world's largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature, providing the scholarly community free access to comprehensive metrics for journals from over 5,000 publishers.
New biomarker is higher in suicide attempters and associated with stress response
Researchers at Lund and Malmö universities in Sweden have measured a biomarker in cell-free blood plasma which can be linked to an overactive stress system in suicidal individuals.
Report proposes standards for sharing data and code used in computational studies
A new report by leaders in computational methods and reproducibility lays out recommendations for ways researchers, institutions, agencies and journal publishers can work together to standardize sharing of data sets and software code.
Max Planck Neuroscience launches research and news site for scientific community
From the world's most progressive researchers on the cusp of scientific discovery, the Max Planck Neuroscience (MP Neuro) website now brings the future of neuroscience to our fingertips.
Amateur astronomer helps uncover secrets of unique pulsar binary system
A professional astrophysicist and an amateur astronomer have teamed up to reveal surprising details about an unusual millisecond pulsar (MSP) binary system comprising one of the fastest-spinning pulsars in our Galaxy and its unique companion star.
'Hyper-starburst' galaxy churns out stars, clues to universe's evolution
A recently discovered galaxy is undergoing an extraordinary boom of stellar construction, revealed by a group of astronomers led by University of Florida graduate student Jingzhe Ma using NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory.
Forget dieting; retrain your brain to beat stress and lose weight
A QUT neuroscientist internationally acclaimed for her research on alcohol and sugar addiction claims brainpower rather than willpower is the key to living healthily.
More complications, less satisfaction in breast cancer patients who get radiation, implants
A new study finds that breast cancer patients who have implant reconstruction following radiation therapy had more complications from the surgery and were less satisfied with the result than women who had implants but no radiation.

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Now Playing: Science for the People

#541 Wayfinding
These days when we want to know where we are or how to get where we want to go, most of us will pull out a smart phone with a built-in GPS and map app. Some of us old timers might still use an old school paper map from time to time. But we didn't always used to lean so heavily on maps and technology, and in some remote places of the world some people still navigate and wayfind their way without the aid of these tools... and in some cases do better without them. This week, host Rachelle Saunders...
Now Playing: Radiolab

Dolly Parton's America: Neon Moss
Today on Radiolab, we're bringing you the fourth episode of Jad's special series, Dolly Parton's America. In this episode, Jad goes back up the mountain to visit Dolly's actual Tennessee mountain home, where she tells stories about her first trips out of the holler. Back on the mountaintop, standing under the rain by the Little Pigeon River, the trip triggers memories of Jad's first visit to his father's childhood home, and opens the gateway to dizzying stories of music and migration. Support Radiolab today at Radiolab.org/donate.