Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 09, 2016
Clarifying the behaviors of negative hydrogen ions
The National Institutes of Natural Sciences National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) has succeeded in revealing the flow of negative hydrogen ions using a combination of infrared lasers and electrostatic probes in the ion-source plasma, which generates a negative-hydrogen-ion beam.

Martian mountains, manmade earthquake detection and more from the U at AGU
University of Utah researchers will be among the approximately 24,000 scientists convening in San Francisco for the annual Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union Dec.

Aggressive form of leukemia linked to defective 'protein factory'
20 to 40 percent of the patients with multiple myeloma -- a type of leukemia -- have a defect in the ribosome, the protein factory of the cell.

Scientists reveal how fish adapt to toxic levels of pollution
A new report identifies the genetic mechanism responsible for evolutionary adaptation to toxic pollution observed in wild Atlantic killifish populations.

MIT Portugal Ph.D. student wins the Road Safety Innovation Award by ACP
Francisco Duarte, a Ph.D. Student in Transportation Systems of the MIT Portugal Program at University of Coimbra, was honored today with the first prize at the initiative promoted by Automóvel Clube Portugal in a partnership with BP Portugal, National Council of Rectors and National Innovation Agency.

NYU researchers examine social/behavioral interventions to uncover undiagnosed HIV
At least a third of new HIV transmission events are linked to those with undiagnosed HIV.

Sexual harassment common among middle school children, study finds
Sexual harassment is a prevalent form of victimization that most antibullying programs ignore and teachers and school officials often fail to recognize, said bullying and youth violence expert Dorothy L.

Exploring the evolutionary history of the immune system
Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have found that human ALOX15 appears to have developed a much higher capacity to stimulate the production of these lipid mediators than the enzyme variant found in lower primates.

New study highlights smoking intensity in coronary heart disease risk
Increased relative risks for coronary heart disease (CHD) have long been associated with smoking, and traditionally they have been dependent on the number of cigarettes smoked a day, smoking intensities, and total exposure over time.

Magnetic stimulation may provide more precise, reliable activation of neural circuitry
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have developed what appears to be a significant improvement in the technology behind brain implants used to activate neural circuits responsible for vision, hearing or movement.

Cloud formation: How feldspar acts as ice nucleus
In the atmosphere, feldspar particles act as ice nuclei that make ice crystals grow in clouds and enable precipitation.

Finger swipe-powered phone? We're 1 step closer
The day of charging cellphones with finger swipes and powering Bluetooth headsets simply by walking is now much closer.

Monkey speak: Macaques have the anatomy, not the brain, for human speech
Researchers have found that monkeys known as macaques possess the vocal anatomy but not the brain circuitry to produce human speech.

Wiley becomes first major publisher to require ORCID IDs for submitting authors
John Wiley & Sons Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb), announced plans to require ORCID iDs as part of the manuscript submission process for a large number of journals.

Why can't monkeys speak?
Monkeys and apes are unable to learn new vocalizations, and for decades it has been widely believed that this inability results from limitations of their vocal anatomy: larynx, tongue and lips.

Hydrogen from sunlight -- but as a dark reaction
The storage of photogenerated electric energy and its release on demand are still among the main obstacles in artificial photosynthesis.

Utah State University researchers receive American Water Resources Association Award
Utah State University researchers Enjie Li, Joanna Endter-Wada and Shujuan Li were honored with the 2016 William R.

New evidence shows how bacterium in undercooked chicken causes GBS
A Michigan State University research team is the first to show how a common bacterium found in improperly cooked chicken causes Guillain-Barre Syndrome, or GBS.

A step to understanding polymorphs
In a paper published in Acta Cryst. B, Carol Brock of the University of Kentucky looks at some of the organizing principles behind crystal structures with high Z'.

ASHG announces results of 2016 Teen Genes Video Challenge
ASHG is pleased to announce the first-place winner and three honorable mentions for its 2016 Teen Genes Video Challenge.

More than reality TV: Educating the world about beach safety
The factual Australian TV show Bondi Rescue performs a valuable educational role in teaching people around the world about the dangers of rip currents and the importance of swimming between the flags, a global survey of viewers by UNSW scientists indicates.

Siobhan Roberts to Receive 2017 JPBM Communications Award
Siobhan Roberts, a journalist and biographer based in Toronto, Canada, will receive the 2017 JPBM Communications Award for Expository and Popular Books.

Image-guided biopsy identifies patients who achieve pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant therapy
In a pilot study conducted at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, image-guided biopsies identified select breast cancer patients who achieved pathologic complete response (pCR) after chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy, neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST).

Schiff bases of benzothiazol-2-ylamine and thiazolo[5,4-b] pyridin-2-ylamine
A series of Schiff bases of benzothiazol-2-ylamine/thiazolo [5, 4-b] pyridin-2-ylamine was synthesized.

New book on The Cytoskeleton from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
'The Cytoskeleton', from CSHLPress, presents a comprehensive and up-to-date view of the cytoskeleton, cataloguing its many different components and explaining how they are functionally integrated in different cellular processes.

NASA spots Tropical Cyclone Vardah's off-center strength
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured an image of Tropical Cyclone Vardah that showed strongest storms expanding west of the center.

Home-based rehabilitation improves daily life of people with low vision
The visual function and daily life of people whose sight can't be corrected with glasses or contact lenses can be significantly improved through home visits by rehabilitation specialists, concludes a study by Cardiff University.

Naturally occurring symptoms may be mistaken for tamoxifen side-effects
Women taking tamoxifen to prevent breast cancer were less likely to continue taking the drug if they suffered nausea and vomiting, according to new data presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

Study examines how CEO power affects companies in times of crisis
A new study from The University of Texas at Dallas finds that bestowing considerable power in the CEO does not create value for the firm during industrywide downturns.

UTHealth researcher receives NIH funding to study how the brain deciphers words
Unlocking the mystery of how the brain processes the written word into language is the focus of a $3 million federal grant awarded to Nitin Tandon, M.D., professor of neurosurgery at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) and a member of Memorial Hermann Mischer Neuroscience Institute.

Study finds capuchin monkeys produce sharp stone flakes similar to tools
In a study published in Nature, researchers describe that rock fragments produced unintentionally today by primates in Serra da Capivara National Park in Brazil resemble tools made deliberately 2.6 million years ago by ancestors of humans.

Research examines brain locations that control diabetes drugs' weight loss effects
Certain type 2 diabetes drugs promote weight loss. Insight into how these drugs work could help create new drugs that effectively control weight.

Study provides new focus for developing drugs to fight cancer
Cancer researchers and drug companies may have been too quick to ignore a promising line of inquiry that targets a specific cell protein, according to a research team led by a biomedical scientist in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside.

Study reveals drug interactions that may reduce mortality in breast cancer patients
Patient health records revealed two drug combinations that may reduce mortality rates in breast cancer patients, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Depression drug reduces joint pain for women with early stage breast cancer
A drug typically used to treat depression and anxiety can significantly reduce joint pain in postmenopausal women being treated for early stage breast cancer, according to new SWOG research to be presented Friday at a special plenary presentation at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

Do cannabis dispensary staff receive sufficient training?
As legalization of cannabis for medical use increases across the US, the training of dispensary staff, who may recommend cannabis type and concentration to patients, requires closer examination.

Older women with breast cancer report better cosmetic satisfaction with less radiation, less surgery
In the first study evaluating patient-reported cosmetic outcomes in a population-based cohort of older women with breast cancer, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center researchers found that less radiation was associated with improved cosmetic satisfaction long-term.

Beans and peas increase fullness more than meat
Meals based on legumes such as beans and peas are more satiating than pork and veal-based meals according to a recent study by the University of Copenhagen's Department of Nutrition, Excercise and Sports.

Ancient enzyme morphed shape to carry out new functions in humans
New research led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals that a human enzyme has changed little from its days as a bacterial enzyme.

Researchers: Climate change likely caused deadly 2016 avalanche in Tibet
On July 17, more than 70 million tons of ice broke off from the Aru glacier in the mountains of western Tibet and tumbled into a valley below, taking the lives of nine nomadic yak herders living there.

NIH scientists develop new mouse model to study Salmonella meningitis
National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists have established in mice a way to study potentially life-threatening meningitis caused by Salmonella.

Identification of flavonoids from plant parts and callus culture of Gymnema sylvestre R.Br.
Gymnema sylvestre R. Br. is an important medicinal plant (Family: Asclepiadaceae).

Research offers clues about the timing of Jupiter's formation
The new study shows that Jupiter had probably reached its present-day size by about 5 million years after the first solids in the solar system formed.

Researchers watch biomolecules at work
Scientists at the University of Bonn have succeeded in observing an important cell protein at work.

Study finds new pathways to treat non-alcoholic fatty-liver disease
Researchers from the University of South Carolina, Duke University, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Metabolon Inc.

Untreated effects of breast cancer care increase depression and anxiety among survivors
For many of the 2.8 million survivors in the United States, the price of survival includes severe physical and psychosocial symptoms -- including joint pain, fatigue, weight gain and insomnia -- that may go untreated and persist for many years after treatment.

Tasting garlic... with your feet!? Weird food chemistry tricks (video)
Did you know you can 'taste' garlic with your feet?

Hubble catches a transformation in the Virgo constellation
The constellation of Virgo (The Virgin) is especially rich in galaxies, due in part to the presence of a massive and gravitationally-bound collection of over 1,300 galaxies called the Virgo Cluster.

UNIST receives Minister of Public Safety and Security commendation
UNIST Professor Joonbum Bae's tele-operation robot received a commendation from the Minister of Public Safety and Security (MPSS).

EndoPredict outperforms Oncotype Dx in predicting the risk breast cancer recurrence
Data being presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium show Myriad's EndoPredict, a second-generation test, significantly outperformed Oncotype Dx, a first-generation test, in predicting the long-term recurrence of breast cancer, particularly in years five to 10 following surgery.

Breast cancer patients could benefit from controversial hormone
An international team of researchers involving the University of Adelaide is tackling the controversy over what some scientists consider to be a 'harmful' hormone, arguing that it could be a game changer in the fight against recurring breast cancers that are resistant to standard treatments.

Federal funds help Virginia increase wetland benefits
The US Environmental Protection Agency today announced two major grants designed to help Virginia protect and restore its wetlands.

Never-smoking women have high prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
A new study published by University of Toronto researchers suggests that women who have never smoked are susceptible to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and that African American women are particularly vulnerable.

Rock layers preserve record of ancient sea tides near Blythe, California
Five million years ago, the Colorado River met the Gulf of California near the present-day desert town of Blythe, California.

Penn study begins to shed light on racial disparities of cancer-causing genetic mutations
Most studies reporting the prevalence of breast- and ovarian-cancer causing genes have been conducted with Caucasian women, leaving questions about the role that these same genes play in African American patients with inherited cancers.

Breast cancer mortality rates decline in many countries
Breast cancer mortality rates continue to decline in many nations, but a review of mortality trends in 47 countries around the world indicates some significant disparities, particularly in South Korea and some Latin American nations, according to results presented at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Gene identified that drives deadly brain cancer
Scientists have identified a gene that is overactive in a deadly form of brain cancer known as glioblastoma, according to a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

New mutations in gene PKD1L1 are associated with disarrangement of human internal organs
Scientists have linked gene PKD1L1 with disarrangement of human internal organs, known as laterality defects, and complex congenital heart disease.

UMD researchers show how online communities bridge the rural-urban healthcare divide
Online communities are helping patients find and share information and connect with each other at unprecedented levels.

Air pollution impairs function of blood vessels in lungs
Air pollution impairs the function of blood vessels in the lungs, according to a study in more than 16,000 patients presented today at EuroEcho-Imaging 2016.

Oxytocin improves synchronization in leader-follower interaction
A new study from Center for Music in the Brain (MIB) Aarhus University/The Royal Academy of Music, Denmark, published in Scientific Reports on the Dec.

Neutrons identify key ingredients of the quantum spin liquid recipe
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology, the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons to examine the origins of unusual magnetic behavior in a rare earth-based metal oxide, ytterbium-magnesium-gallium-tetraoxide (YbMgGaO4).

UH receives $66 million in-kind software grant from Siemens PLM Software
The University of Houston Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture and Design today announced it has received an in-kind software grant from Siemens PLM Software, with a commercial value of more than $66 million.

Berkeley Lab researchers at AGU: Impacts of climate change, subsurface energy, understanding drought and monitoring permafrost among many talks
Berkeley Lab scientists will present on a number of topics including climate modeling challenges, projects on Arctic permafrost, induced seismicity, cloud physics, Amazon forests, hydraulic fracturing, melting ice sheets, cool roofs, and more.

User-friendly medication packaging design can boost patient safety
Improvements to text size and placement and color scheme could help consumers- - especially the elderly - -discriminate medication ingredients to avoid inadvertent overdoses.

Cow gene study shows why most clones fail
It has been 20 years since Dolly the sheep was successfully cloned, but cloning mammals remains a challenge.

Lyncean Technologies receives $650,000 in Series A funding
Lyncean Technologies, Inc., manufacturer of the Lyncean Compact Light Source, today announced the successful raising of $650,000 in a Series A funding round. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to