Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 12, 2016
Young professionals speak out on achieving equity in pediatrics
Young and seasoned scientific investigators share their perspective on achieving equity in academic pediatrics.

Would you take a free predictive test for Alzheimer's disease?
Three-quarters of people aged 65 and over in the US would take a test telling them they were going to develop Alzheimer's disease if such a test existed, according to research published in the open access journal Alzheimer's Research and Therapy.

New study uncovers vivid patterns of neural activity in the resting mouse brain
Scientists have traced the origins of mysterious brain signals that have long captivated the fMRI community.

Penn researchers expand research on simplifying recycling of rare-earth metals
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have pioneered a process that could enable the efficient recycling of rare-earth metals, which are found in many high-tech devices.

Kaiser Permanente study shows women with more social connections have higher breast cancer survival
In a large Kaiser Permanente study of women with invasive breast cancer, socially integrated women -- those with the most social ties, such as spouses, community ties, friendships and family members -- were shown to have significantly lower breast cancer death rates and disease recurrence than socially isolated women.

Oxford University Press publishing the collected works of D. W. Winnicott
Oxford University Press announces the publication of 'The Collected Works of D.

Leading survey platform launches first in-browser visualization tool for encrypted data
Dobility today announced the launch of the SurveyCTO 'Data Explorer,' a first-of-its-kind tool for visualizing encrypted data from the convenience of a web browser.

White blood cell treatment could prevent leading cause of fetal death
Treating a type of white blood cell using hormones could improve the development of the placenta in women with pregnancy complications, according to early research led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) involving mice and human blood samples.

Rings around young star suggest planet formation in progress
Rice University astronomers and their international colleagues have for the first time mapped gases in three dark rings around a distant star with the powerful ALMA radio telescope.

UVA, Virginia Tech Carilion partner to fund cross-university neuroscience research
The University of Virginia-Virginia Tech Carilion Neuroscience Research Collaboration has announced more than a half-million dollars in grant funding will be awarded to nine research teams to tackle pressing problems in brain development and function in health and disease.

New laser scanning test to assess fire-damaged concrete
Engineering research at the University of Nottingham, UK, and Ningbo, China, has found laser scanning is a new and viable structural safety technique to detect the damaging effects of fire on concrete.

Remote sensing is becoming increasingly important in biodiversity research
To measure biodiversity, researchers have been using various methods of remote sensing for about 30 years in addition to traditional field studies.

Study uncovers details of information processing in the brain
New research shows that when we're paying attention to something, that information is processed in a continuous manner.

Fighting world hunger: Researchers use nuclear methods to study pest-resistance in corn
Researchers at the University of Missouri, using advanced nuclear methods, have determined the mechanisms corn plants use to combat the western corn rootworm, a major pest threatening the growth of the vital food source.

Scientists move step closer to solving fusion plasma dilemma
A team of researchers affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea, claims to have made yet another step towards finding a solution to one of the critical but unsolved fusion plasma physics problems.

Socially isolated breast cancer patients face higher recurrence and mortality rates
A new study found that more socially isolated breast cancer survivors had higher rates of recurrence and mortality, while women with larger social networks experienced better outcomes.

TCORS study shows effectiveness of testimonial warning labels on tobacco products
New research from the Penn Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science (TCORS) found that cigarette warning labels featuring photos of real smokers who were harmed by their habit are more effective in getting smokers to quit than the text-only labels currently in use.

UK steel production to benefit from efficiency innovation
Steel production in the UK could be cheaper and more energy-efficient in the future, thanks to research at WMG, University of Warwick.

TSRI scientists devise new approaches to personalized medicines
Scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed broad methods to design precision medicines against currently incurable diseases caused by RNA.

Get better customer service by choosing your words wisely
The next time you make a complaint to your cellphone or cable company, don't get personal.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Increases Among Rural Infants
The proportion of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome -- the resulting complications and withdrawal symptoms when infants are no longer exposed to maternal opioids -- increased in rural counties in the United States in the last decade, according to a new research letter published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Famine alters metabolism for successive generations
A famine that afflicted China between 1959 and 1961 is associated with an increased hyperglycemia risk not only among people who were born then, but also among the children they had a generation later.

Mutations in life's 'essential genes' tied to autism
Genes known to be essential to life -- the ones humans need to survive and thrive in the womb -- also play a critical role in the development of autism spectrum disorder, suggests a new study.

Frail patients should have tailored cardiac rehabilitation say European experts
European experts have called for frail patients to have tailored cardiac rehabilitation programs in a paper published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Interfering with interferon boosts antiretroviral efficacy in HIV-infected mice
Two studies published this week in the JCI have demonstrated that antibodies targeting type I interferon signaling can enhance the effectiveness of combined antiretroviral therapies in humanized mouse models of HIV-1 infection.

Integrated approach vital for fisheries management
A comprehensive perspective on evolutionary and ecological processes is needed in order to understand and manage fisheries in a sustainable way.

Mountain glaciers are showing some of the strongest responses to climate change
Tying an individual glacier's retreat to climate change has been controversial.

Availability of community-based fitness classes leads to increased activity levels
Physical inactivity is a global health problem that leads to approximately 3.2 million deaths each year, according to the World Health Organization.

Nutrition program improves food stamp family's food security
Food stamp participants who participated in a supplemental nutrition education program were able to improve their food security by 25 percent, according to a study by Purdue University.

Antarctic Ice Sheet study reveals 8,000-year record of climate change
An international team of researchers has found that the Antarctic Ice Sheet plays a major role in regional and global climate variability -- a discovery that may also help explain why sea ice in the Southern Hemisphere has been increasing despite the warming of the rest of the Earth.

Drinking 'settings' tied to college sexual assault
Although alcohol is believed to play a role in college sexual assaults, there is no evidence that male students' binge drinking per se boosts their odds of becoming a perpetrator, according to a study in the January 2017 issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

'Cadillac tax' may precipitate changes to employer-provided health care insurance
Even if the Affordable Care Act is ultimately repealed, the law's so-called 'Cadillac tax' on high-cost health care plans has already affected employers' health insurance offerings, says Richard L.

How does water melt? Layer by layer!
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for polymer research have solved a controversial question concerning the melting of ice: it melts in a layer-by-layer fashion.

Nation's largest state effort to track concussions in youth athletes under way in Texas
The nation's largest statewide effort to track concussions among youth athletes is under way in Texas with the launch of a registry designed to assess the prevalence of brain injuries in high school sports.

Leibniz Prize awarded to RNA researcher Jörg Vogel
It is considered the German equivalent of the Nobel Prize: the Leibniz Prize awarded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft comes with a €2.5 million cash prize.

How many adults in the united states are taking psychiatric drugs?
About 1 in 6 adults in the United States reported taking psychiatric drugs at least once during 2013, according to a new research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Mystery molecule is a key to inhibiting colon cancer
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists tracking the protective role of the protein called NLRC3 have discovered multiple targets for drugs to switch on the cell's machinery to thwart colon cancer

Winds of rubies and sapphires strike the sky of giant planet
Signs of powerful changing winds have been detected on a planet 16 times larger than Earth, over 1,000 light years away -- the first time ever that weather systems have been found on a gas giant outside our solar system -- according to new research by the University of Warwick.

Physician volume affects outpatient care
Primary care physicians with busier outpatient practices may deliver lower-quality diabetes care.

Loss of ARID1A protein drives onset and progress of colon cancer
A team of scientists has developed a model system in mice that allows them to look closely at how a protein often mutated in human cancer exerts its tumor-silencing effects.

Researchers explain why feather shafts change shape when under stress
Researchers at the University of California San Diego for the first time have revealed why the shape of the feather shaft changes from round to square when it's put under stress in a paper published in recent issue of Advanced Science.

ASM to launch mSphereDirect, a new, innovative science publishing pathway
After much discussion of the new opportunities in publishing, ASM is proud to announce a new pathway of manuscript review and submission for mSphere, called mSphereDirect.

Mitigating the risk of geoengineering
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have identified an aerosol for solar geoengineering that may be able to cool the planet while simultaneously repairing ozone damage.

Groundbreaking study sheds light on treating cancer
The work by Professor Tae-Hyuk Kwon (School of Natural Science) at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea, has presented a new cancer treatment that uses red lights to target and kill cancer cells alternatively without surgery.

Bullying makes men leave the labor market
Men and women are almost at an equal risk of being bullied in the workplace, but whereas bullying often causes women to go on prolonged sick leave or use antidepressants, men often choose to leave the labor market altogether for a period of time.

Versatile optical laser will enable innovative experiments at atomic-scale measurements
The European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) facility, near Hamburg, Germany, was built with one objective -- to provide pulses of light short enough, bright enough, and of small enough wavelength to observe processes that would otherwise be too fast and/or too infrequent to measure in real-time.

The Lancet: Immunotherapy drug gives non-small-cell lung cancer patients extra 4 months of life
Patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer survive four months longer with fewer side effects on an immunotherapy drug called atezolizumab compared to chemotherapy, according to a phase 3 clinical trial published in The Lancet.

First-of-its-kind study on injury recovery takes the trauma patient's point of view
In one of the first studies to examine priorities in recovery identified by trauma patients, family members and clinicians over time, an international research partnership that was launched from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) and Griffith University School of Nursing & Midwifery in Australia has helped advance the importance of patient-reported outcome measures for improved trauma care and research.

Personalizing chemotherapy to treat pediatric leukemia
A team of UCLA bioengineers has demonstrated that its technology may go a long way toward overcoming the challenges of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, among the most common types of cancer in children, and has the potential to help doctors personalize drug doses.

Are cholesterol-lowering statins associated with reduced Alzheimer risk?
An analysis of Medicare data suggests that high use of cholesterol-lowering statins was associated with a reduced risk for Alzheimer disease but that reduction in risk varied by type of statin and race/ethnicity, findings that must be confirmed in clinical trials, according to a new article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Meeting patients' socioeconomic needs can improve cardiovascular risk factors
A study by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and Health Leads finds that patients enrolled in a program designed to help meet socioeconomic needs that can affect their health had modest but significant improvements in several key cardiovascular risk factors.

New anode material set to boost lithium-ion battery capacity
A team of researchers affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea, claims to have made yet another step towards finding a solution to accelerate the commercialization of silicon anode for Lithium-ion batteries.

Scientists find three subgroups in a children's brain cancer, identify druggable targets
Multi-institutional researchers investigating an incurable brain cancer in children have discovered three distinct subgroups of disease and identified promising drugs to target each type.

Multiple sclerosis: Reduced levels of contrast agent deposits in the brain
Researchers from Charité -- Universitätsmedizin and the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, have studied the extent to which repeated use of gadolinium-based MRI contrast agents leads to gadolinium deposition in the brains of patients with multiple sclerosis.

NIFA announces $4 million in funding for biotechnology risk assessment research
The US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced the availability of up to $4 million for research to help federal regulatory agencies make science-based evaluations about the environmental effects of genetically engineered organisms including plants, animals, insects and microorganisms.

Type of psychotherapy matters in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
A new study has found that the type of psychotherapy used to treat the gastrointestinal disorder irritable bowel syndrome makes a difference in improving patients' daily functioning.

New robot has a human touch
Most robots achieve grasping and tactile sensing through motorized means, which can be excessively bulky and rigid.

Emerging trends in alcohol binge and use disorders among older adults
Trends of self-reported past-month binge alcohol use and alcohol use disorder were examined among adults age 50 and older.

The antibody that normalizes tumor vessels
IBS scientists discover that their antisepsis antibody also reduces glioma, lung and breast cancer progression in mice.

Kangaroo mother care helps premature babies thrive 20 years later -- study
Better behaved, larger brains, higher paychecks: a new groundbreaking study finds that Kangaroo Mother Care has enduring benefits 20 years later.

CSU uses test for chronic wasting disease to study brain ailments in people
Wildlife disease experts at Colorado State University are investigating whether a test developed to detect early-stage chronic wasting disease in deer might also be used to identify the onset of brain disorders, including concussion-related trauma, in people.

Hands-free just as distracting as handheld mobile phone use behind the wheel
Talking hands-free on a mobile phone while driving is just as distracting as a conversation using a hand-held phone, despite one being illegal and the other not, a QUT road safety study has found.

Dual loss of TET proteins prompts lethal upsurge in inflammatory T cells in a mouse model
Members of the TET family of proteins help protect against cancer by regulating the chemical state of DNA -- and thus turning growth-promoting genes on or off.

Pitt engineers receive $500,000 award from NASA to advance additive manufacturing
Additive manufacturing researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering and simulation software company ANSYS Inc. are among 13 university-led proposals to capture an Early Stage Innovations grant from NASA's Space Technology Research Grants Program.

EMBO Installation Grants to support 10 researchers in establishing laboratories
Ten life scientists have been awarded EMBO Installation Grants to set up independent research laboratories in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Poland, Portugal and Turkey.

Scientists work to improve the diet and energy of failing hearts
Our hearts use fat for fuel but as with the rest of our bodies, it's all about balance.

Worm treatment strategy could benefit millions of kids
A landmark new study shows the benefits of an expanded treatment strategy for intestinal worms -- treating adults as well as children -- that could improve the health of millions of children in Southeast Asia, the Pacific and Africa.

Faster (cheaper) method for making big bioactive ring molecules
A pair of Vanderbilt chemists have developed a faster, cheaper method for synthesizing ring molecules called cyclic depsipeptides found in antibiotics, anti-retrovirals and pesticides.

Predator invasion had devastating, long-term effects on native fish
In 1969, 60 to 100 peacock bass imported from Colombia, were introduced into a pond in Panama for sport fishing.

New study shows impact of Antarctic Ice Sheet on climate change
An international team of researchers has concluded that the Antarctic Ice Sheet actually plays a major role in regional and global climate variability -- a discovery that may also help explain why sea ice in the Southern Hemisphere has been increasing despite the warming of the rest of the Earth.

Study shows aging process increases DNA mutations in important type of stem cell
Researchers at the Scripps Translational Science Institute (STSI) and The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) who looked at the effect of aging on induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) found that genetic mutations increased with the age of the donor who provided the source cells, according to study results published today by the journal Nature Biotechnology.

ALMA finds compelling evidence for pair of infant planets around young star
New ALMA observations contain compelling evidence that two newborn planets, each about the size of Saturn, are in orbit around a young star known as HD 163296.

A $5 fix for a nasty parasite
Two Lehigh University engineers are the first to demonstrate that the attachment of oocysts to environmental biofilms is a calcium-mediated process -- a crucial step toward the development of an improved detection method for Cryptosporidium parvum, an infectious, sometimes deadly, parasite.

Scientists use 'molecular-Lego' to take CRISPR gene-editing tool to the next level
Western researchers have demonstrated that adding the creation of a new enzyme called TevCas9 to the gene-editing tool, CRISPR, cuts the DNA in two places instead of one.

Even with maximized yields, sub-Saharan Africa won't grow enough grain in 2050
An international team of scientists studied grain production in 10 nations of sub-Saharan Africa.

The world's wet regions are getting wetter and the dry regions are getting drier
Research from the University of Southampton has provided robust evidence that wet regions of the earth are getting wetter and dry regions are getting drier but it is happening at a slower rate than previously thought.

The first-in-man clinical trial targeting Alzheimer's Tau protein
For the first time, targeting the other feature of Alzheimer's disease, tau, has given fruitful results.

Costs of treating patients with psychosis change significantly as they age
Treating psychotic illnesses cost the province of Ontario, Canada almost $2.1 billion in 2012, which was about four per cent of the total provincial health budget, according to a new study.

NASA/USGS satellite provides global view of speed of ice
Glaciers and ice sheets move in unique and sometimes surprising patterns, as evidenced by a new capability that uses Landsat 8 satellite images to map the speed of flowing ice in Greenland, Antarctica and mountain ranges around the world.

Antipsychotic drug use increases risk of mortality among persons with Alzheimer's disease
Antipsychotic drug use is associated with a 60 percent increased risk of mortality among persons with Alzheimer's disease, shows a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland.

New study seeks to use human serum to detect heart attacks
A new study, led by Professor Jaesung Jang at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea, has developed a new sensor for early detection of heart attack in humans.

UT Southwestern study shows fasting kills cancer cells of common childhood leukemia
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found that intermittent fasting inhibits the development and progression of the most common type of childhood leukemia.

New research reveals extent of human threat to lion populations
Two new studies led by scientists at Oxford University have highlighted the threat posed to lions by human activity -- including trophy hunting.

Emergency surgery death risk up to 7 times higher for kids in low income countries
The likelihood of dying after emergency abdominal surgery to treat conditions such as appendicitis, may be up to seven times greater for a child in a poor country than for a child in a rich nation, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Global Health.

Rare obesity syndrome therapeutic target identified
Columbia University researchers have discovered an enzyme deficiency in the brain that is linked to Prader-Willi syndrome, a genetic condition that causes extreme hunger and severe obesity beginning in childhood.

Breast cancer update: Sentinel node biopsy guidelines encourage 'less is more' approach
New recommendations from breast cancer experts on sentinel lymph node biopsy reinforce the most recent 'less-is-more' guidelines for early-stage disease.

What is the most effective treatment for endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia?
A new study comparing the effectiveness of oral progestogens versus a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system to treat women with endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia presents data on patient outcomes compiled over eight years, as reported in Journal of Women's Health.

More are positive about HPV vaccine on Twitter than not, Drexel study finds
A Drexel University study into sentiments toward the HPV vaccine on Twitter found that significantly more tweets post positive sentiments toward vaccines, such as the value of prevention and protection, than not.

Study examines diagnosing Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Can the diagnosis of the human prion disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) be made better by using samples of cerebrospinal fluid and nasal swabbing?

Earth's magnetic fields could track ocean heat, NASA study proposes
As Earth warms, much of the extra heat is stored in the planet's ocean.

Direct observation of graphene decoupling on Cu(111)
A recent quantum mechanical study of graphene by a research team at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea, has elucidated the intercalation mechanism and pathways for graphene decoupling from the copper substrate.

Cholesterol-fighting drugs lower risk of Alzheimer's disease
Medicare patients who took statins for two years or more showed a reduced risk of the memory-robbing disease, a USC-led study found.

Exploring advancements in viral immunotherapies and vaccines in the melanoma field
Melanoma Management, a journal dedicated to delivering the latest in clinically relevant content to the melanoma community, has published a special issue discussing the latest in melanoma immunotherapy, focusing on viral therapies and vaccines.

An informatics approach helps better identify chemical combinations in consumer products
An informatics approach can help prioritize chemical combinations for further testing by determining the prevalence of individual ingredients and their most likely combinations in consumer products.

It's basic: Alternative fuel cell technology reduces cost
The best road to zero-emission vehicles lies in fuel-cell technology, according to the University of Delaware's Yushan Yan.

Mysterious 'crater' on Antarctica indication of vulnerable ice sheet
The East Antarctic ice sheet is more vulnerable than expected, due to a strong wind that brings warm air and blows away the snow.

Anesthetic cream best for relieving vaccination pain in infants
For babies under age one year, lidocaine cream, combined with a small amount of sugar given by mouth and infant soothing, can help relieve pain from routine vaccinations, according to a study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Smoking down, number of lives saved up as more countries embrace tobacco control measures
Between 2008 and 2014, more than 53 million people in 88 countries stopped smoking due to tobacco control measures, which means that more than 22 million smoking-related deaths have been averted, say researchers at the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

A new light on stellar death
An international group of astronomers illuminates the role rapidly spinning black holes play in tidal disruption events.

Bed bug education program promotes awareness, prevention in schools
In communities where bed bugs are present, educating teachers and children about them is a powerful tool for prevention.

Men should avoid rock music when playing board games, say scientists
Men should avoid rock music when playing board games, say scientists.

Blood pressure medication paves the way for approaches to managing Barrett's syndrome
New ways of using mechanisms behind certain blood pressure medications may in the future spare some patient groups both discomfort and lifelong concern over cancer of the esophagus.

Arthur Benjamin to receive 2017 JPBM Communications Award for Public Outreach
Arthur Benjamin, the Smallwood Family Professor of Mathematics at Harvey Mudd College, will receive the 2017 JPBM Communications Award for Public Outreach.

Rapid and mass production of graphene, using microwaves
An international team of researchers, affiliated with UNIST has discovered a simple new method for producing large quantities of the promising nanomaterial graphene.

AAOS Board approves treatment criteria for carpal tunnel syndrome and knee osteoarthritis
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors has approved new Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the management of carpal tunnel syndrome and the surgical management of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Sawdust reinvented into super sponge for oil spills
Oil spills could be cleaned up in the icy, rough waters of the Arctic with a chemically modified sawdust material that absorbs up to five times its weight in oil and stays afloat for at least four months.

Researchers' discovery of new verbal working memory architecture has implications for AI
The neural structure we use to store and process information in verbal working memory is more complex than previously understood, finds a new study by researchers at New York University.

New epilepsy gene network identified by scientists
Scientists have discovered a gene network in the brain associated with epilepsy.

NASA sees tropical Cyclone Vardah make landfall
Tropical Cyclone Vardah made landfall in eastern India as the NASA-NOAA Suomi NPP satellite passed over it from space.

'Rewired' cells show promise for targeted cancer therapy
A major challenge in truly targeted cancer therapy is cancer's suppression of the immune system.

Why we walk on our heels instead of our toes
While many animals walk on the balls of their feet, humans use a heel-first stride.

What else comes with a college degree? An extra 10 pounds, says new study
College students gained an average of 10 pounds over the course of their college years, a study just published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior found, and number of students who were overweight or obese increased 78 percent.

How hearing loss can change the way nerve cells are wired
Even short-term blockages in hearing can lead to remarkable changes in the auditory system, altering the behavior and structure of nerve cells that relay information from the ear to the brain, according to a new University at Buffalo study.

Chemists uncover a means to control catalytic reactions
Scientists at the University of Toronto have found a way to make catalysis more selective, breaking one chemical bond 100 times faster than another.

Research unlocks clues to language-based learning in children
According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities, one in five individuals are impacted by language-based learning disabilities -- one of the most common being dyslexia, which involves difficulty in reading or interpreting words, letters and other symbols.

The sea roils and life returns
The tsunami of 2011 is well remembered in Japan. Some towns have recovered, while others struggle to return to a life that once was.

Innovative maternal health interventions reduce mortality in Ethiopia
Ethiopian maternal health researcher Hagos Godefay at Umeå University in Sweden has created a locally feasible method to estimate maternal mortality rates with a bottom-up measurement approach.

Study: Rural communities see steep increase in babies born with opioid withdrawal
The number of babies born with drug withdrawal symptoms from opioids grew substantially faster in rural communities than in cities, a new study suggests.

Applying the '80/20 rule' to social costs
An analysis of the lives of nearly a thousand people shows that a small group who had poor childhood 'brain health' accounts for the lion's share of social costs when they reach adulthood.

New study finds arginine deprivation may be a useful strategy for treating bladder cancers
In a study published in The American Journal of Pathology, researchers report that more than 90% of all bladder cancers are deficient in argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1), an enzyme necessary for arginine synthesis, and patients with tumors having low ASS1 expression have shorter survival.

Energy cascades in quasicrystals trigger an avalanche of discovery
In a new study from Argonne National Laboratory, scientists looked at networks of magnetic material patterned into the unique and quite beautiful geometries of quasicrystals to see how the nature of the non-repeating patterns lead to the emergence of unusual energetic effects.

Bioanalysis publishes special issue on methods and techniques for metabolic phenotyping
Bioanalysis, a leading MEDLINE indexed journal for bioanalysts, has published a Special Focus Issue on Methods & Techniques for Metabolic Phenotyping.

How physical exercise aids in stroke recovery
Study shoes that mice that had free-access to a running wheel were able to maintain ocular dominance plasticity after suffering a stroke, compared to those that didn't.

Researchers identify mental health screening tools, barriers for Latino children
In a bid to improve mental health screening of Latino children from immigrant families, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have identified a culturally sensitive set of tools that are freely available to pediatricians, take less than 10 minutes to use, are in easy-to-read Spanish, and assess a wide range of emotional and behavioral problems.

Squeezing life from DNA's double helix
USC scientists find DNA replication begins when the double helix, caught in a vice of proteins, melts.

Enzyme that regulates DNA repair may offer new precision treatments for breast and ovarian cancer
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified an enzyme called UCHL3 that regulates the BRCA2 pathway, which is important for DNA repair.

Press Registration is Now Open to Health, Science and Genetics Media for 2017 ACMG Meeting
Named one of the fastest growing meetings in the USA by the Trade Show Executive Magazine, the ACMG Meeting continues to provide the genetics community with groundbreaking education and research.

Local government engagement, decentralized policies can help reduce deforestation
Empowering local governments with forestry decisions can help combat deforestation, but is most effective when local users are actively engaging with their representatives, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder-led study.

Bone marrow-derived cells are source of key kidney disease biomarker SuPAR
A study embargoed until Monday will share research findings showing that a protein that is a reliable biomarker for chronic kidney disease originates in the bone marrow.

High school football players, 1956-1970, did not have increase of neurodegenerative diseases
A Mayo Clinic study published online today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings found that varsity football players from 1956 to 1970 did not have an increased risk of degenerative brain diseases compared with athletes in other varsity sports.

Catholics more committed to workplace than evangelicals are, study finds
Catholics are more emotionally committed to their workplaces than are Evangelicals -- and people with strong attachments to God, regardless of their faith group, are more committed to their jobs when they work for smaller companies, according to a Baylor University study.

Spinning black hole swallowing star explains superluminous event
An extraordinarily brilliant point of light seen in a distant galaxy, and dubbed ASASSN-15lh, was thought to be the brightest supernova ever seen.

New blood draw protocol could minimize risk for critically ill children
Johns Hopkins researchers report that implementing a checklist-style set of procedures appears to cut almost in half the number of potentially unnecessary blood culture draws in critically ill children without endangering doctors' ability to diagnose and treat life-threatening blood infections.

Public willing to pay to reduce toxic algae -- but maybe not enough
A collaboration of universities and government agencies has identified three key agricultural management plans for curtailing harmful algal blooms.

Scientists discover how to reverse pain caused by diabetes-related nerve damage
One person in Australia develops diabetes every five minutes, with up to half suffering peripheral nerve damage, meaning the slightest touch on the skin can cause pain.

Bacterial 'sabotage' handicaps ability to resolve devastating lung inflammation
The chronic lung inflammation that is a hallmark of cystic fibrosis, has, for the first time, been linked to a new class of bacterial enzymes that hijack the patient's immune response and prevent the body from calling off runaway inflammation, according to a laboratory investigation led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Anti-tumor synergy
Biocompatible nanocapsules, loaded with an amino acid and equipped with an enzyme now combine two anti-tumor strategies into a synergistic treatment concept.

Distant phenomena influence climate in South America
Study suggests that anthropogenic factors will lead to a decrease in the number and duration of periods in which the tropical oceans collectively influence rainfall over southeastern South America.

No good evidence that shock-absorbing insoles stave off injuries or stress fractures
There's no good evidence that shock-absorbing insoles, which are used to reduce impact and minimize muscle, tendon, and bone damage, do stave off injuries or stress fractures, reveals a pooled analysis of the available data, published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

New compound eases neuropathic pain from light touch
The slightest touch can evoke intense pain in patients suffering from nerve injuries or conditions such as diabetic neuropathy.

Holy batcave! Personal sighting leads UT's Dinets to new data on spectral bat
Spectral bats, also called false vampire bats for their imposing size -- with a wingspan of over three feet -- are the largest bats in the Americas and typically roost in trees in lowland forests.

Blood test could provide cheaper, better way for doctors to manage lung cancer
A technique developed at Stanford for detecting the genetic profiles of tumor cells sifted from the bloodstream could offer a valuable tool for the clinic and the lab.

Researchers develop new approach for better big data prediction
Researchers at Columbia University, Princeton and Harvard University have developed a new approach for analyzing big data that can drastically improve the ability to make accurate predictions about medicine, complex diseases, social science phenomena, and other issues.

Insufficient evidence to support use of homeopathy in livestock
There is insufficient evidence to support the use of homeopathy in food producing animals as a way to prevent or treat infectious diseases, reveal findings from a comprehensive review published online in Veterinary Record.

Reseracher finds 'identity loan' common in undocumented workers
A new study from the University of Colorado Denver challenges portrayals of identity theft in workplaces dominated by undocumented immigrants.

$1.125 million NCI grant funds TGen-led boot camp for cancer doctors
The National Cancer Institute has awarded a five-year, $1.125 million grant to continue an innovative and unique oncology training program for newly minted physicians developed and overseen by Dr.

Two electrons go on a quantum walk and end up in a qudit
There is a variety of physical systems that can be used to implement a separate quantum bit, but significantly less research has been done into systems of several qubits or qudits.

New study doubles the estimate of bird species in the world
New research led by the American Museum of Natural History suggests that there are about 18,000 bird species in the world -- nearly twice as many as previously thought.

NIH funds $2 million study of caregivers of relatives with bipolar disorder
With a four-year, $2 million National Institutes of Health grant, nurse scientists at Case Western Reserve University will conduct one of the first studies to test ways family members can maintain and improve their health while caring for relatives with bipolar disorder.

Lesions found within pancreatic islets provide clue for diabetes research
Researchers at the Umeå Center for Molecular Medicine have created the first 3-D spatial visualization of an obese mouse pancreas showing the distribution dynamics of insulin producing beta cells.

Study finds American Indian adults exposed to early life trauma more likely to develop PTSD and poor health
American Indian adults who were exposed to an early life trauma are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and poor physical health in adulthood according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Human Biology.

New nonsurgical repair of common heart defect in premature babies is shown to be effective
A new minimally invasive technique for repairing the most common cardiac birth defect in extremely premature newborns can be performed safely with a high success rate in babies as small as 755 grams -- about 1.6 pounds -- only a few days after birth.

New heart imaging test identifies improved outcomes in patients with amyloidosis
Researchers at Boston Medical Center have reported that a new heart imaging test can determine whether cardiac amyloidosis patients are expected to survive after a stem cell transplant.

Antarctic site promises to open a new window on the cosmos
Antarctica might be one of the most inhospitable regions on the planet, but it is a mecca for astronomers.

What satellites can tell us about how animals will fare in a changing climate
From the Arctic to the Mojave Desert, terrestrial and marine habitats are quickly changing.

Faster track to treatment
A new study has identified a network of genes in the brain that, when disrupted, causes epilepsy; the results also predicted that a known anti-epileptic drug works to restore the network's function. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to