Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 14, 2016
UC researchers examine potential drug pathway to combat pneumocystis
A study led by University of Cincinnati researchers is offering new insight in how the fungus Pneumocystis, thrives in the lungs of immune-compromised individuals, where it can cause a fatal pneumonia.

Corn yield modeling towards sustainable agriculture
Researchers use a 16 year field-experiment dataset to show the ability of a model to fine-tune optimal nitrogen fertilizer rates, and identify five ways it can inform nitrogen management guidelines.

Marital history linked to stroke survival
The risk of dying after a stroke is significantly higher for people who have never been married or have been widowed compared to continuously married people.

Krembil research prompts rethink on established vision recovery theory
A team of researchers at the Krembil Research Institute has published a paper that is expected to change the way scientists think about vision recovery after retinal cell transplantation.

Forsyth study provides new insight in the fight against Sjögren's syndrome
Sjögren's syndrome is the second most common autoimmune disease affecting four million Americans -- yet treatments are limited due to a lack of knowledge about its causes.

Global health focus of new research partnership
The University of Adelaide's Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) has taken another major step forward in its mission to translate the best possible research into real health outcomes, by entering into a new partnership with the Campbell Collaboration.

ERC grant: Getting nanoparticle catalysts into shape
Dr. Beatriz Roldán Cuenya from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum will receive one of the renowned Consolidator Grants from the European Research Council.

International alliance receives grant to improve cassava harvest and nutrition for farmers in Africa
Scientists under VIRCA Plus are developing improved cassava varieties to enhance the livelihoods and health status of African farm families.

Making (sound) waves in the fight against cancer
A University of Alberta study describes the use of focused ultrasound along with particles called nanodroplets for the enhanced detection of cancer biomarkers in the blood.

Early signs of Alzheimer's detected in cerebrospinal fluid
Little is known about the role of the brain's immune system in Alzheimer's disease.

Insectivorous long-fingered bats may also be capable of catching fish
While most long-fingered bats eat only insects, they may all be instinctively able to also catch fish, according to a study published Dec.

The Angelina Jolie effect on breast cancer genetic testing
Pop culture icons can influence our fashion choices, dietary habits and brand preferences, but can celebrities also influence our medical decisions?

NYU Dentistry awarded 5-year $1.9m NIH grant -- calcium control in dental enamel
The research seeks to gain a better understanding of the impact of calcium in enamel mineralization and of the physiological processes by which enamel crystals are formed, and ultimately to develop improved strategies for the prevention and treatment of dental caries.

New book explores Echinacea, a medicinal plant with roots in Kansas
A recently published book co-authored and edited by Kelly Kindscher, senior scientist at the Kansas Biological Survey and professor of environmental studies at the University of Kansas, explores 'everything known' about the purple coneflower.

Celebrity chefs have poor food safety practices, a Kansas State University study finds
Kansas State University food safety experts viewed 100 cooking shows with 24 popular celebrity chefs and found several unclean food preparation behaviors.

European Geosciences Union meeting: Media registration now open
The 2017 General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union (EGU) provides an opportunity for journalists to hear about the latest research in the Earth, planetary and space sciences, and to talk to scientists from all over the world.

Red cabbage microgreens lower 'bad' cholesterol in animal study
Microgreens are sprouting up everywhere from upscale restaurants to home gardens.

Carbonaceous chondrites shed light on the origins of life in the universe
A Spanish-Italian team led by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has discovered that one type of meteorite known as carbonaceous chondrites are capable of synthesising organic compounds which are key to prebiotic chemistry.

New virtual reality technology may improve motor skills in damaged limbs
New Tel Aviv University research suggests that a combination of traditional physical therapy and technology may improve the motor skills and mobility of an impaired hand by having its healthy partner hand lead by example through virtual reality training.

Do most Mount Everest climbers use medications, and should they?
The ethics of using medications to improve performance and increase the likelihood of success in high-altitude climbing remains a controversial topic, and a new study that asked climbers of Mount Everest their opinions and assessed their use of medications and oxygen provides new insights in an article published in High Altitude Medicine & Biology.

Researchers reveal how cancer can spread even before a tumor develops
Even before tumors develop, breast cancer cells with a few defined molecular alterations can spread to organs, remain quiet for long periods of time, and then awaken to form aggressive, deadly breast cancer metastasis.

Invisible symptoms impact rheumatoid arthritis patients' lives, hinder diagnosis
Rheumatoid Arthritis In America 2016, a national survey by Health Union of more than 3,100 individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), reveals that initial symptoms are often invisible to others, with respondents experiencing more than six on average.

Optical tractor beam traps bacteria
Up to now, if scientists wanted to study blood cells, algae, or bacteria under the microscope, they had to mount these cells on a substrate such as a glass slide.

New Zealand glowworms' sticky 'fishing lines' use moist, urea droplets to trap prey
The sticky fishing lines produced by New Zealand glowworms to trap their insect prey are spaced with water-absorbent droplets containing urea, according to a study published Dec.

Protein in urine linked to increased risk of memory problems, dementia
People who have protein in their urine, which is a sign of kidney problems, may also be more likely to later develop problems with thinking and memory skills or even dementia, according to a meta-analysis published in the Dec.

CCTV at metro stations could be used to identify people at risk of attempting suicide
Nearly a quarter of attempted suicides at metro stations could be identified using real-time CCTV to spot certain behaviors for prevention, according to new research published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health.

Does Santa only visit rich kids?
Contrary to the popular notion that Santa gives presents to children who are 'nice' and not 'naughty,' it may be that visits from Santa have more to do with socioeconomic factors than child behavior, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Computers can take social media data and make marketing personas
Computers may be able to group consumers into marketing segments in real time just by observing how they respond to online videos and other social media data, according to a team of researchers.

Cigar warnings: Do teens believe them?
Significant differences exist in the believability of specific cigar warnings, suggesting that more work is needed to establish the best warnings to dissuade youth from smoking cigars.

Study: Challenges in going from residential substance abuse treatment to the community
Residential 'in-patient' treatment for substance abuse is a preferred option for those seeking to recover.

Almost 20 percent of breast cancer patients fail to complete prescribed endocrine therapy
Around 20 percent of breast cancer patients do not complete prescribed endocrine therapy, researchers report at the ESMO Asia 2016 Congress in Singapore.

Efforts needed to stop the spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
ECDC's latest risk assessment highlights the need of increased efforts to face this significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all EU/EEA countries and outlines options to reduce risks through clinical management, prevention of transmission in hospitals and other health-care settings, prevention of cross-border transmission, and improvement of preparedness of EU/EEA countries.

Review finds high attrition rate among residents in general surgery programs
Almost one in five residents in general surgery programs leave before finishing and the most common reasons given are uncontrollable lifestyle and deciding to switch specialties, a study published today has found.

New hopes in cancer battle -- a review of new molecules and treatment strategies
Cancer treatment is still one of the most intractable challenge for medicine.

Bring your own (security) disaster
Bring your own device (BYOD) to work is common practice these days.

Psychologists analyze links between provider burnout, quality of care, patient safety
Psychologists from the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis conducted a meta-analysis of 82 studies in the first study to systematically, quantitatively analyze the links between health care provider burnout and health care quality and safety across medical disciplines.

Study models Tsunami Risk for Florida and Cuba
While the Caribbean is not thought to be at risk for tsunamis, a new study by researchers at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science indicates that large submarine landslides on the slopes of the Great Bahama Bank have generated tsunamis in the past and could potentially again in the future.

University of Minnesota research shows people can control a robotic arm with only their minds
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have made a major breakthrough that allows people to control a robotic arm using only their minds.

DFG to fund 7 new Research Units
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft is establishing seven new Research Units, following a decision by the DFG Senate during its winter session in Bonn.

A better way for policymakers to win over constituents
Why do people accept some policies and reject others when the outcomes are the same?

Researchers work to improve the lifecycle of materials
In a sweeping perspective article published this month in the journal Nature, a trio of Beckman researchers review the field they pioneered more than a decade-and-a-half ago and look at the future of autonomous polymers.

FAU to receive millions from united states department of transportation
Whether it's planes, trains or automobiles, the nation's transportation systems are growing rapidly and present a number of challenges related to safety as well as sustainability.

Study: Opioid prescribing declines following release of national guidelines for physicians
The rate of opioid use in Canada has fallen 13.7 percent since the publication in May 2010 of national guidelines for their use in chronic non-cancer pain, a new study has found.

Joslin researcher will work in MoTrPAC to map molecular changes from physical activity
Laurie J. Goodyear Ph.D., Senior Investigator and co-Head of the Section on Integrative Physiology and Metabolism at the Joslin Diabetes Center, and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, has received one of the first awards for the Molecular Transducers of Physical Activity in Humans Consortium (MoTrPac) announced today by the NIH.

Runners' brains may be more connected, research shows
Runners' brains appear to have greater functional connectivity than non-runners' brains, according to new research from the University of Arizona.

Plant's response to heat stress fluctuates between day and night
Climate change and recent heat waves have put agricultural crops at risk, which means that understanding how plants respond to elevated temperatures is crucial for protecting our environment and food supply.

Saliva test could offer new way to check immunity
New research from the University of Birmingham shows that antibody levels in saliva are linked to those in blood serum, suggesting a new method for assessment of protection against bacterial infections.

Study dispels myth that Santa only visits children who are nice
A study in the Christmas issue of The BMJ dispels the myth that Santa Claus rewards children based on how nice or naughty they have been in the previous year.

Sharp rise in breast cancer gene testing after Angelina Jolie's New York Times editorial
There was a sharp increase in breast cancer gene testing among US women immediately after Angelina Jolie's New York Times editorial, but no change in overall mastectomy rates, finds a study in the Christmas issue of The BMJ.

Nanocubes simplify printing and imaging in color and infrared
Duke University engineers reveal a manufacturing technique that promises to bring a simplified form of printing and imaging in color and infrared into daily use.

Predicting extinction -- with the help of a Yule tree
In a new study published in Mathematical Biology Concordia University researchers show how the present-day distribution of physical traits across species can help explain how the evolutionary process unfolded over time.

OpenNotes reporting tool engages patients as safety partners
New research from OpenNotes investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) suggests that offering patients a mechanism to provide feedback about their notes further enhances engagement and can improve patient safety.

Weight and body image misperception associated with alcohol use among teen girls
High school girls with body image behavioral misperceptions are more likely to have had at least one alcoholic drink, as well as engaged in episodes of heavy drinking, than their peers without these misperceptions.

Advance in understanding the disparity in prognosis between men and women in melanoma
Though it has been shown that men who get melanoma are twice as likely to die from the disease as women, the biological explanation for this is poorly understood.

Mysteries of Father Christmas 'solved' by relativity theory
The mystery of how Father Christmas can deliver presents to 700 million children in one night, fit down the chimney and arrive without being seen or heard has been 'solved' by a physicist at the University of Exeter.

How hearing 'twist my arm' engages the brain
Listening to metaphors involving arms or legs loops in a region of the brain responsible for visual perception of those body parts, Emory scientists have discovered.

Newly formed stars shoot out powerful whirlwinds
Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have used the ALMA telescopes to observe the early stages in the formation of a new solar system.

Natural kill cell technology to stop cancer gets licensed
Our bodies contain Natural Killer (NK) cells -- an army that stops cancers and viruses before they can make us sick.

Study shows nanoparticles could be used to overcome treatment-resistant breast cancer
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine have been able to generate multifunctional RNA nanoparticles that could overcome treatment resistance in breast cancer, potentially making existing treatments more effective in these patients.

Investment in medicine regulatory authorities key to fighting the 21st century 'Third Man'
From Vienna to the Democratic Republic of Congo, fake medicines have threatened citizens across the board -- and borders -- in wartime as well as peacetime.

Raw foodies: Europe's earliest humans did not use fire
New research conducted by scientists at the University of York and the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona reveals for the first time that Europe's earliest humans did not use fire for cooking, but had a balanced diet of meat and plants -- all eaten raw.

Common breast cancer mutation could be vulnerable to drug combination
Breast cancer cells that carry a certain gene mutation can be induced to die using a combination of an existing targeted therapy along with an investigational molecule tested by Duke Cancer Institute researchers.

A population of neutron stars can generate gravitational waves continuously
Scientists at TIFR show that a population of neutron stars have a spin rate that is much higher than that calculated by the conventional method.

Researchers turn back the clock on human embryonic stem cells
Johns Hopkins scientists report success in using a cocktail of cell-signaling chemicals to further wind back the biological clock of human embryonic stem cells (ESCs), giving the cells the same flexibility researchers have prized in mice ESCs.

Southern elephant seals may adjust their diving behavior to stay in prey patches
When southern elephant seals find dense patches of prey, they dive and return to the surface at steeper angles, and are more sinuous at the bottom of a dive, according to a study published Dec.

Researchers dial in to 'thermostat' in Earth's upper atmosphere
A team led by the University of Colorado Boulder has found the mechanism behind the sudden onset of a 'natural thermostat' in Earth's upper atmosphere that dramatically cools the air after it has been heated by violent solar activity.

Opening a supervised injection facility for people who inject drugs could save millions
or the first time, researchers have determined the potential cost and benefits of opening a supervised injection facility for people who inject drugs in the United States.

Scientists investigate cancer radiotherapy to make improvements
A University of Rochester Medical Center study shows that when tumors are treated with radiotherapy, the benefits can be hijacked by the treatment's counteraction to trigger inflammation and dampen the body's immune response.

Director of KAUST Catalysis Center Jean-Marie Basset named 2016 NAI Fellow
Jean-Marie Basset, a distinguished professor of chemical science and director of the Catalysis Center at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) has been named a Fellow of the US National Academy of Inventors (NAI).

Genome sequence reveals why the whitefly is such a formidable threat to food security
The whitefly genome has been sequenced by researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute in collaboration with an international team.

Rain out, research in
Researchers describe a fully automated, portable, and energy-independent rainout shelter.

Study highlights need for improved, stable eye screening for premature babies
A survey of neonatal intensive care unit medical directors shows it's getting difficult to make arrangements for premature babies to get their eyes screened by an ophthalmologist.

New, complex call recorded in Mariana Trench believed to be from baleen whale
A sound in the Mariana Trench notable for its complexity and wide frequency range likely represents the discovery of a new baleen whale call, according to the Oregon State University researchers who recorded and analyzed it.

How soil moisture can help predict power outages caused by hurricanes
In the days before Hurricane Matthew, researchers used satellite maps of soil moisture to help forecast where the power would go out along the East Coast.

A hardware-based modeling approach for real world collaborative multi-robot tasks
Technological revolution means robots no longer are the song of the future.

Partners play critical role in melanoma exams
A new Northwestern Medicine study shows the benefits of a partner frequently checking for troublesome moles based on training to do so far outweigh the embarrassment.

Jneurosci: Highlights from the Dec. 14 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the Dec.14, 2016, issue of JNeurosci.

Gene transfer on the fungal highway
Soil bacteria use the extensively branched, thread-like structures of fungi to move around and access new food sources.

4-H and NASA partner on space age STEM curriculum
NASA and 4-H, a program of USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), are teaming up with Astronaut and 4-H alumna Peggy Whitson to inspire youth to develop life skills for success inside and outside the classroom.

The Lancet: Addition of MRI after 20-week scan could provide more certainty in diagnosing fetal brain abnormalities
An extra scan using MRI could help to more accurately detect brain abnormalities and give more certainty for parents whose mid-pregnancy ultrasound scan showed a potential problem, according to a study published in The Lancet.

Women denied abortion initially report more negative psychological outcomes
Women who were denied an abortion initially reported less psychological well-being compared with women who received the wanted procedure, findings that researchers suggest do not support policies restricting women's access to abortion on the basis that the procedure harms their mental health, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

TGen joins with Banner Health to study sports-related brain injuries
Banner Health and the Translational Genomics Research Institute today announced a partnership to find a quicker and more accurate way of diagnosing concussions.

Quake-detection app captured nearly 400 temblors worldwide
A crowdsourced earthquake network using Android phones and the MyShake app has since February 2016 detected nearly 400 temblors worldwide, with one of the most active areas of the world the oil-drilling areas of Oklahoma.

Review suggests that teens benefit from later high school start times
A review of the scientific literature by a workgroup representing the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Sleep Research Society, and American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine found that later high school start times are associated with positive outcomes among teens, including longer weekday sleep durations and reduced vehicular accident rates.

True lies: People who lie via telling truth viewed harshly, study finds
The ability to deceive someone by telling the truth is not only possible, it has a name -- paltering -- it's common in negotiations and those who palter can do serious harm to their reputations, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Zika antibodies from infected patient thwart infection in mice
Researchers have identified neutralizing antibodies against Zika virus from an infected patient that fully protected mice from infection, adding to the current arsenal of antibodies in development for much needed antiviral therapies and vaccines.

Vaccination increases family wealth, girls' education
A Washington State University-led research team found households in rural Africa that vaccinate their cattle for East Coast fever increased their income and spent the additional money on food and education.

Bactericidal activity of usnic acid-loaded electrospun fibers
The development of antibiotics generated a revolution in the way we look and treat bacterial infections.

UT Dallas scientist discovers new cancer connection
A biologist at the University of Texas at Dallas and his colleagues have discovered that two enzymes previously linked independently with keeping cancer cells alive actually work in tandem to spur tumor growth.

Medical care of child with Down syndrome probably not a financial burden for most families
The first study to analyze the out-of-pocket costs to families for the medical care of children and adolescents with Down syndrome finds that monthly costs -- averaged over the first 18 years of life -- are less than $100 a month more than the costs for care of a typically developing child.

A small change with a large impact
Coccolithophores, single-celled calcifying phytoplankton that play a key role in the Earth's climate system, might lose their competitive fitness in a future ocean.

DFG announces winners of 2017 Leibniz prizes
Germany's most prestigious research funding prize / €2.5 million each for outstanding research work / Awards ceremony on March 15, 2017 in Berlin.

Electronic 'hairy skin' could give robots a more human sense of touch (video)
Electronic-skin prototypes are stretchy, thin films that can sense temperature, pressure and even monitor blood oxygen or alcohol levels.

Greater readiness repels cyber threats to manufacturers
Together with the National Emergency Supply Agency and the private sector, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed tailored solutions bringing improved cyber security and disruption-free operations to manufacturers.

Tectonic shift?
A recent study by researchers at the University of Delaware, the University of Oxford and the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, provides a new data set that scientists can use to better understand plate tectonics -- the movement of the earth's outer layer.

Researchers discovered elusive half-quantum vortices in a superfluid
Researchers have discovered half-quantum vortices in superfluid helium. This vortex is a topological defect, exhibited in superfluids and superconductors, which carries a fixed amount of circulating current.

Autonomous Swarmboats: New missions, safe harbors
Autonomous unmanned swarming boats were put through their paces in a recent demonstration in the lower Chesapeake Bay -- with results that show dramatic new possibilities for autonomy in future naval missions.

Researchers add to evidence that common bacterial cause of gum disease may drive rheumatoid arthritis
Investigators at Johns Hopkins report they have new evidence that a bacterium known to cause chronic inflammatory gum infections also triggers the inflammatory 'autoimmune' response characteristic of chronic, joint-destroying rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Children's oral health disparities persist despite equal dental care access
Children who get dental care through Medicaid have poorer oral health than privately insured kids who have the same amount of dental care.

Obesity in adolescents significantly increases their risk of heart disease regardless of ethnicity
A new study published today in BMJ Open has found a link between obesity in adolescents and their risk of developing heart disease in early adulthood, regardless of ethnicity.

Potential treatment for pregnant women who suffer from preeclampsia found in a vitamin
Scientists in Japan and the US have found that vitamin B3 nicotinamide may help treat pregnant women who suffer from preeclampsia by preventing strokes and in some cases, even stimulating the growth of their fetus.

Revolutions in understanding the ionosphere, Earth's interface to space
Far above Earth's surface is a sea of particles that have been split into positive and negative ions by the suns harsh ultraviolet radiation called the ionosphere -- this is Earth's interface to space.

Understanding acute, chronic posttraumatic stress symptoms
Little is understood about how posttraumatic stress symptoms develop over time into the syndrome of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Researcher studies increased predation of sagebrush songbirds in natural gas fields
While such development has encroached on and hindered nesting habitat for three types of sagebrush-obligate birds, predation of these birds has increased because rodent populations in the vicinity of oil and gas wells have increased.

Young women in socioeconomically weak areas use fewer contraceptives
The use of contraceptives has increased among young women in Gothenburg, but not in areas that are socially vulnerable.

Scientists studying dolphins find Bay of Bengal a realm of evolutionary change
Marine scientists have discovered that two species of dolphin in the waters off Bangladesh are genetically distinct from those in other regions of the Indian and western Pacific Oceans, a finding that supports a growing body of evidence that the Bay of Bengal harbors conditions that drive the evolution of new life forms, according to a new study by the American Museum of Natural History(AMNH), WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), and the cE3c -- Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (Universidade de Lisboa).

This week from AGU 12/14/2016
This Week from AGU: Finger-like structures on Mars could harbor potential evidence of past life.

New book offers help and hope for people suffering from low vision
A new book by the world's leading expert on vision restoration, Professor Bernhard A.

Skin cells 'crawl' together to heal wounds treated with unique hydrogel layer
A team led by Professor Milica Radisic in U of T Engineering has demonstrated for the first time that their peptide-hydrogel biomaterial prompts skin cells to 'crawl' toward one another, closing chronic, non-healing wounds often associated with diabetes, such as bed sores and foot ulcers.

Heating apartment houses sustainably
For the energy transition to be successful, it will also be important to secure heat supply of the housing stock by sustainable technologies.

Smartphones could be game-changing tool for cardiovascular research, Stanford study shows
Stanford researchers say that data collected through MyHeart Counts, a heart-health study in which participants transmit information through an app, demonstrates the potential of smartphones to transform the measurement of physical activity and fitness for clinical research.

Engineers develop a new noninvasive method to detect infections in prostheses
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a new noninvasive method to detect infections in prostheses used for amputees, as well as for knee, hip and other joint replacements.

Scientists measure pulse of CO2 emissions during spring thaw in the Arctic
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory documented a spring pulse in northern Alaska in 2014 that included CO2 emissions equivalent to 46 percent of the net CO2 that is absorbed in the summer months and methane emissions that added 6 percent to summer fluxes.

N-acetylcysteine shows early promise in reducing alcohol use in marijuana-dependent teens
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) reduced alcohol use in a small cohort of marijuana-dependent adolescents who exhibited reductions in marijuana use, report researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina in the December 2016 Addictive Behaviors.

Smartphones and tablets and adolescents: Small size, big problems?
Research has shown that when children watch too much television, their risk of obesity increases.

Businesses shape international law through 'astroturf activism,' paper finds
A new paper from the University of Washington finds that corporate interests play a powerful role in international legal processes, sometimes by covertly co-opting non-governmental organizations to lobby lawmakers on their behalf -- creating a type of 'astroturf activism' that masquerades as grassroots efforts.

Switching to daylight saving time may lead to harsher legal sentences
Judges in the United States tend to give defendants longer sentences the day after switching to daylight saving time compared with other days of the year, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

New approach to liver transplantation: Using a damaged liver to replace a dying liver
There's new hope for patients with liver disease who are waiting for a donor liver to become available for transplantation.

New evidence shows how technology is actively supporting patients in managing their own health
A new Cochrane Review, summarizing data from 132 trials of automated telephone systems in preventing and managing long-term health conditions, concludes that they probably have the potential to play an important role in the delivery of health care.

Microbial biodiversity in the environment can alter human health
The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences.

McEwen Centre scientists produce functional heart pacemaker cells
Scientists from the McEwen Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University Health Network, have developed the first functional pacemaker cells from human stem cells, paving the way for alternate, biological pacemaker therapy.

Colorado State University, Future Earth team land sustainability science grant
A team led Future Earth and Colorado State University recently received a $2 million grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to fund sustainability science projects.

Gesturing can boost children's creative thinking
Encouraging children to use gestures as they think can help them come up with more creative ideas, according to research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Longer use of pain relievers associated with hearing loss in women
The new study adds to a growing body of evidence linking the use of NSAIDS or acetaminophen with loss of hearing.

The galloping evolution in seahorses
A genome project, comprising six evolutionary biologists from Professor Axel Meyer's research team from Konstanz and researchers from China and Singapore, sequenced and analyzed the genome of the tiger tail seahorse.

Smartphone apps may help study cardiovascular health, behaviors
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Euan A.

High attrition rate among residents in general surgery programs
An analysis of more than 20 studies finds that the overall rate of attrition among general surgery residents was 18 percent and that the most common causes of attrition was uncontrollable lifestyle and choosing to join another specialty, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

The hidden side of sulfur
The active element in the molecule that initiates transformations in synthetic organic chemistry, known as the catalyst, is often hydrogen.

Survey: Significant number of airline pilots report depressive symptoms, suicidal thoughts
Hundreds of commercial airline pilots currently flying may be clinically depressed, according to an anonymous survey of nearly 1,850 pilots conducted by researchers at Harvard T.H.

Barrow identifies new genes responsible for ALS using IMB Watson Health
Barrow Neurological Institute and IBM Watson Health today announced results of a revolutionary study that has identified new genes linked to Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Lecturing likely not effective for developing problem-solving skills in students
Traditional university lectures are likely not an effective way to help post-secondary students acquire problem-solving skills.

American Association of Anatomists announces winners of $75,000 for Scientific Gap Funding
The American Association of Anatomists is proud to announce the winners of our inaugural Fellows Grant Award Program (FGAP).

Promotion of nickel (Ni) allergy by anamnestic sensitization
This report provides evidence that the solitary pre-sensitization to LPS is essential for the onset of Ni allergy by shifting the Th1/Th2 immune balance toward a Th1 dominant.

Technology communication: Worries through information?
In democratic societies, it is considered an obligation of researchers and politicians to inform the public about modern technologies and their potential risks.

AGU Fall Meeting: Atacama Desert may have harbored lakes, wetlands
A new discovery could revise current understanding of a South American settlement.

Creative approach to probing genome IDs genes that likely influence bone strength
In an important step in the battle against osteoporosis, a serious brittle bone disease that affects millions, researchers have identified more than a dozen genes amid the vast human genome likely responsible for bone density and strength.

Gut cells are gatekeepers of infectious brain diseases, study finds
Fresh insights into infectious brain conditions help to explain why some people -- and animals -- are more at risk than others.

Exactis brings together Quebec cancer centres to increase access to personalized therapy
Five major Quebec cancer treatment centres are partnering with Montreal-based Exactis Innovation to build a coordinated network to match cancer patients to clinical trials based on the characteristics of their tumour through an innovative digital registry. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to