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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | December 15, 2016


New US law poised to improve marine conservation worldwide
New restrictions on US seafood imports, which will require seafood to be harvested in accordance with the US Marine Mammal Protection Act, will likely offer significant marine conservation benefits on a global scale.
Bad people are disgusting, bad actions are angering
A person's character, more so than their actions, determines whether we find immoral acts to be 'disgusting,' according to new research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Hormonal contraception is safer than expected for women with diabetes
Strokes and heart attacks are rare for women with diabetes who use hormonal contraception, with the safest options being intrauterine devices (IUDs) and under-the-skin implants, new research published in 'Diabetes Care' shows.
Timing may be key to understanding cognitive problems in Parkinson's disease
University of Iowa research shows that people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and mice that lack dopamine both are missing a critical brain wave needed for timing actions -- a cognitive process that's consistently impaired in patients with PD.
Search on for drug to tame 'hyperactive' zinc transporter and lower type 2 diabetes risk
Gene variants associated with disease are typically considered faulty; problems arise when the proteins they make don't adequately carry out their designated role.
Dementia and Alzheimer's disease are concerns for older kidney transplant recipients
Risks of dementia and Alzheimer's disease are higher in older kidney transplant recipients than in older adults in the general population.
Hormone-disrupting compound could provide new approach to malaria control
A chemical that disrupts biological processes in female mosquitoes may be just as effective as insecticides in reducing the spread of malaria, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.
New findings about stem cells in the brain of patients with epilepsy
Neural stem cells have been found in epileptic brain tissue -- outside the regions of the brain where they normally reside.
Umeå epidemiologist joins UN expert mission to confront Rift Valley fever outbreak
A Rift Valley fever outbreak was recently reported at the border between Niger and Mali in West Africa.
Lung-in-the-lab reveals no DNA damage on exposure to e-cig vapor
E-cigarette vapor does not damage DNA, even at doses 28 times that of equivalent smoke exposure.
Beyond the Standard Model through 'mini spirals'
Statistical analysis of mini-spiral galaxies shows an unexpected interaction between dark matter and ordinary matter.
Attractive drug candidate identified to target glioma brain tumors
In a paper published in Cancer Research, researchers: 1) identify a biomarker enzyme associated with aggressive glioma brain tumors, 2) reveal the regulatory mechanism for that enzyme, and 3) demonstrate potent efficacy, using a mouse model of glioma, for a small molecule inhibitor they have developed.
Austin to host cutting-edge linguistic research in January
Research presentations on slang, texting habits, vocal fry, political speaking styles, and the discovery of a new language family are among the highlights of the upcoming Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America (LSA), to be held in Austin, Texas, from Jan.
First experimental evidence of 3-D aromaticity in stacked antiaromatic compounds
Researchers centered at Nagoya University found that antiaromatic planar norcorrole molecules can form close face-to-face interactions to give structures with increased aromaticity.
New gene fusions and mutations linked to gastrointestinal stromal tumors
In recent years, researchers have identified specific gene mutations linked to gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), which primarily occur in the stomach or small intestine, but 10 to 15 percent of adult GIST cases and most pediatric cases lack the tell-tale mutations, making identification and treatment difficult.
Groundbreaking discovery has potential to improve therapies for cancer and other diseases
The Retinoblastoma protein (pRB) has long been studied for its role in cell growth and the prevention of cancer.
Predicting throat cancer recurrence with a blood test
Researchers found that patients whose oropharyngeal cancer recurred had higher levels of antibodies for two proteins, E6 and E7, which are found in HPV-fueled cancers.
The secret to raising a smart shopper: Pick the right parenting style
Researchers found that children raised by parents who set limits and explain the reason behind these limits are most likely to develop into wise consumers.
Seizing environmental opportunities under a Trump presidency
Australian, South African and US researchers say that although the environmental movement is in shock at US President-elect Donald Trump's election victory and its implications, it is not all doom and gloom.
Patient prostate tissue used to create unique model of prostate cancer biology
For the first time, researchers have been able to grow, in a lab, both normal and primary cancerous prostate cells from a patient, and then implant a million of the cancer cells into a mouse to track how the tumor progresses.
Cooking with cast iron: Fact versus fiction (video)
Cooks around the world prize their cast-iron cookware, which has many advantages over its aluminum siblings.
Asian head and neck cancer patients live longer with immunotherapy than mixed race group
Asian head and neck cancer patients live longer with the immunotherapy pembrolizumab than the overall population, according to a sub-analysis of the KEYNOTE-012 trial presented at the ESMO ASIA 2016 Congress in Singapore.
Prevalence of hearing loss among adults age 20 to 69 years continues to decline
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Howard J.
Tracking down therapy-resistant leukemia cells
Dr. Irmela Jeremias from Helmholtz Zentrum München and her colleagues have succeeded in finding a small population of inactive leukemia cells that is responsible for relapse of the disease.
UMass Amherst and Boston-based PCL Inc. offer new tool for biotech research
A group of University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers who are stewards of the campus' plant cell culture library (PCCL) recently announced a new collaboration with the South Korean biotechnology company PCL Inc. of Seoul and Boston, to provide users worldwide with a new technology for accurate, highly sensitive target-molecule detection in chemically complex plant samples.
Technique shrinks data sets for easier analysis
At the Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and the University of Haifa in Israel presented a new coreset-generation technique that's tailored to a whole family of data analysis tools with applications in natural-language processing, computer vision, signal processing, recommendation systems, weather prediction, finance, and neuroscience, among many others.
More exact, ethical method to tell the sex of baby chickens
Thanks to an imaging technique called optical spectroscopy, it is possible for hatcheries to accurately determine the sex of a chick within four days of an egg being laid.
New theoretical framework for improved particle accelerators
Article describes new theoretical framework for next-generation particle accelerators.
Herpes virus linked to most common type of childhood cancer
Newborns with congenital cytomegalovirus -- a common virus in the herpes family -- may have an increased risk of developing acute lymphocytic leukemia, according to new research published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology.
'Cultural distinctiveness' can influence consumer preferences for certain products
The concept of 'cultural distinctiveness' prompts consumers to fulfill a need to connect with home by favoring brands or products associated with a related cultural group, says U. of I. business professor and branding expert Carlos J.
Genetic variants are associated with susceptibility to mouth and throat cancer
A number of genetic variants associated with susceptibility to oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer have been described in an international study published in Nature Genetics and coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer and involved 40 research groups in Europe, the United States, and South America.
Microseeding: A new way to overcome hemihedral twinning?
Twinning, which is a known problem in protein crystallography, usually hampers high-quality crystal structure determination unless it is detected and either avoided or corrected.
Turning back time: Salk scientists reverse signs of aging
New approach rejuvenated organs and helped animals live longer.
'Junk RNA' molecule found to play key role in cellular response to stress
A study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found a surprising role for what had been considered a nonfunctional 'junk' RNA molecule: controlling the cellular response to stress.
Smart road planning could boost food production while protecting tropical forests
Conservation scientists have used layers of data on biodiversity, climate, transport and crop yields to construct a color-coded mapping system that shows where new road-building projects should go to be most beneficial for food production at the same time as being least destructive to the environment.
Analyzing brain patterns may help scientists increase people's confidence, reduce fear
A UCLA-led international team of neuroscientists has reduced fear unconsciously using a new method that analyzes brain patterns.
Does good-tasting food cause weight gain?
Does eating good-tasting food make you gain weight? Despite the common perception that good-tasting food is unhealthy and causes obesity, new research from the Monell Center using a mouse model suggests that desirable taste in and of itself does not lead to weight gain.
New finding reveals battle behind gene expression
The complex process regulating gene expression is often compared to following a recipe.
Manchester set to get around £42 million boost for cancer research
Manchester is set to receive a major cash injection from Cancer Research UK.
Avoiding over-the-counter heartburn meds could save cancer patients' lives
Something as seemingly harmless as a heartburn pill could lead cancer patients to take a turn for the worse.
Heart attack risk doubled for people with less education according to new Australian research
People who leave school without a school certificate are more than twice as likely to have a heart attack as those with a university degree, according to groundbreaking new Australian research from the largest ongoing study of healthy ageing in the Southern Hemisphere, the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study.
Gastric cancer fueled by 'crosstalk' between nerves and cancer cells
Gastric tumors are started by specialized cells in the stomach that signal nerves to make more acetylcholine, according to a study in mice.
Biggest and best diamonds formed in deep mantle metallic liquid
New findings explain how the world's biggest and most-valuable diamonds formed -- from metallic liquid deep inside Earth's mantle.
Funding for new treatments for malnourished children
A consortium of researchers including groups from Plymouth University, University College London and Queen Mary University of London have received funding from the Medical Research Council-led Foundation Award with support from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council to assess new ways to help severely malnourished children in Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Cancer breakthrough miniature device shows which drugs perform best against tumors
Researchers at the University of Huddersfield have helped develop a lab device that could speed up the adoption of new anti-cancer treatments.
Research in worms provides a model to study how the human microbiome influences disease
The human microbiome appears to play a significant role in health and disease, but the mechanisms of how it does so is not well understood.
OU, BU and Smithsonian researchers investigate ancient species in Gulf of Alaska
Invasive species have shaped island ecosystems and landscapes in the Gulf of Alaska, but their histories are unknown.
UW study: Incidence of consciousness during surgery lower than previous estimates
An international study of 260 surgical patients found that, contrary to many previous studies, just more than four percent were conscious of the external world while under general anesthesia but before the start of surgery.
Tumor gene test results can differ in same patients
A preliminary study comparing two commercially available, next-generation genetic sequencing tests in the same cancer patients shows results can differ widely, depending on the test applied.
Big diamonds have liquid metal roots, deep in the Earth
After closely inspecting massive diamonds, scientists suggest they not only have unusual sizes but also unusual origins.
No more burning batteries? Stanford scientists turn to AI to create safer lithium-ion batteries
Researchers have identified 21 solid materials that could replace flammable liquid electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries, improving the safety of electronic devices like cell phones and laptops.
A good nose in service of science: When fish smells 'fishy'
A researcher in Germany is studying why fish sometimes smells 'fishy' and why customers often smell other aromas when they buy fish.
New hybrid technology for diagnosis and treatment of strokes to be developed
FAU has demonstrated its strength in research once again: the University is conducting a new research project together with Siemens Healthcare GmbH, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen and other European partners in which researchers will develop an innovative hybrid device that combines different medical imaging technologies and will help stroke patients in particular to receive quicker diagnosis and treatment.
Land use affects spread of schistosomiasis-carrying snails in Asia
To help inspire new ways of stopping the spread of schistosomiasis, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have studied the dispersal patterns of the snails that carry the infection.
How brain tissue recovers after injury
A Kobe University research team has pinpointed the mechanism underlying astrocyte-mediated restoration of brain tissue after an injury.
Neurons anticipate body's response to food and water
Discovery offers new insight into regulation of water and food intake.
When horses are in trouble they ask humans for help
A new study demonstrates that when horses face unsolvable problems they use visual and tactile signals to get human attention and ask for help.
Mind-controlled toys: The next generation of Christmas presents?
The next generation of toys could be controlled by the power of the mind, thanks to research by the University of Warwick.
Bad bosses come in 2 forms: Dark or dysfunctional
Bad bosses generally come in two forms. There are the dysfunctional ones, like Michael Scott from the TV series 'The Office'; then there are the dark ones, like Gordon Gekko from the film Wall Street.
New research paper challenges dogma of cell cycle control
All textbooks describe the cyclin-dependent kinase complex as the one and only/exclusive regulator of the eukaryotic cell cycle.
One gene mutation, two diseases, many insights into human heart function
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes linked a single gene mutation to two types of heart disease: one causes a hole in the heart of infants, and the other causes heart failure.
UTHealth: Rapid population decline among vertebrates began with industrialization
Rapid population decline among vertebrate species began at the end of the 19th century when industrialization was at its peak, according to researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
UCLA researchers combat antimicrobial resistance using smartphones
A team of UCLA researchers has developed an automated diagnostic test reader for antimicrobial resistance using a smartphone.
The Lancet Public Health: UK soft drinks industry levy estimated to have significant health benefits, especially among children
The UK soft drinks industry levy, due to be introduced in April 2018, is estimated to have significant health benefits, especially among children, according to the first study to estimate its health impact, published in The Lancet Public Health.
Depressed children respond differently to rewards than other kids
Adults and teenagers with depression don't respond to rewards in a normal manner.
Coping mechanism suggests new way to make cancer cells more vulnerable to chemotherapies
The same signal that drives aggressive growth in a deadly cancer cell type also triggers coping mechanisms that make it 'notoriously' hard to kill.
Fast track control accelerates switching of quantum bits
An international collaboration between physicists at the University of Chicago, Argonne National Laboratory, McGill University, and the University of Konstanz recently demonstrated a new framework for faster control of a quantum bit.
Waging a more effective war against viral outbreaks
As societies grow more complex and interconnected, an ASU mathematical biologist calls for a similar evolution in models to combat communicable disease.
USDA awards $3.4 million for research to increase wheat yields
The US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced the award of $3.4 million for research into the development of new wheat varieties that are adapted to different geographical regions and environmental conditions.
Decreased rates of pressure injuries linked to better preventive care
Rates of new pressure injuries in U.S. hospitals and other acute care settings have decreased by about half over the past decade, according to national survey data reported in the Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing.
UT Southwestern scientists invent new way to see proteins in motion
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers developed a new imaging technique that makes X-ray images of proteins as they move in response to electric field pulses.
Ultra-high-speed optical fiber sensor enables detection of structural damage in real time
A research group including members from Tokyo Institute of Technology and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science has developed a real-time fiber-optic distributed sensing system for strain and temperature.
Blocking hormone activity in mosquitoes could help reduce malaria spread
Disruption of hormone signaling in mosquitoes may reduce their ability to transmit the parasite that causes malaria, according to a new study published in PLOS Pathogens.
Study: Warming could slow upslope migration of trees
Scientists expect trees will advance upslope as global temperatures increase, shifting the tree line -- the mountain zone where trees become smaller and eventually stop growing -- to higher elevations.
Cellular reprogramming slows aging in mice
Scientists have rolled back time for live mice through systemic cellular reprogramming, according to a study published Dec.
Potentially avoidable breast cancer surgeries cost patients and health-care system
A recent study by UBC medical researchers examined the health care costs associated with lumpectomy patients requiring reoperations.
Neural circuits underlying fly larval locomotion
In recent decades, larval fruit flies have generally been considered as a promising model to examine neural locomotor circuits.
MBARI's seafloor maps provide new information about 2015 eruption at Axial Seamount
Axial Seamount, a large underwater volcano off of the Oregon coast, is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, having last erupted in 2015.
Gene editing takes on new roles
A new combined method may finally give scientists a tool fine enough to probe life's most nuanced .
Old age should not exclude organ donation after death
In a recent study, patient and organ survival rates were similar following transplantation using kidneys from donors aged 50-59 years, 60-69 years, 70-79 years, and ?80 years.
National Academy of Medicine launches 'action collaborative' to promote clinician well-being and combat burnout, depression, and suicide among health-care workers
In response to alarming evidence of high rates of depression and suicide among US health-care workers, the National Academy of Medicine is launching a wide-ranging 'action collaborative' of multiple organizations to promote clinician well-being and resilience.
Finnish re­search­ers cor­rect Par­kin­son's mo­tor symp­toms in mice
A research group led by University of Helsinki Docent Timo Myöhänen has succeeded in correcting the motor symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease in mice.
Hearing loss prevalence declining in US adults aged 20 to 69 years
Hearing loss among US adults aged 20 to 69 has declined over the last decade, even as the number of older Americans continues to grow.
Computer model predicts potential impact of short-course therapy against multidrug-resistant TB
Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a computer simulation that helps predict under which circumstances a new short-course treatment regimen for drug-resistant tuberculosis could substantially reduce the global incidence and spread of the disease.
Getting to the bottom of deep sea volcanic activity
Data featured in two new studies provide a step-by-step account of an underwater volcano erupting off the western coast of the US in 2015.
Microlensing study suggests most common outer planets likely Neptune-mass
A new statistical study of planets found by a technique called gravitational microlensing suggests that Neptune-mass worlds are likely the most common type of planet to form in the icy outer realms of planetary systems.
Biodegradable polymer coating for implants
Medical implants often carry surface substrates that release active substances or to which biomolecules or cells can adhere better.
Mystery of super flash solved
The brightest flash of light in the cosmos could be a rare event involving a star and a supermassive black hole.
WPI researchers build liquid biopsy chip that detects metastatic cancer cells in blood
A 'liquid biopsy' chip developed by mechanical engineers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute can trap and identify metastatic cancer cells in a small amount of blood drawn from a cancer patient.
Large, rare diamonds offer window into inner workings of Earth's mantle
Breakthrough research led by GIA Postdoctoral Research Fellow Evan Smith examines diamonds of exceptional size and quality to uncover clues about Earth's geology.
Study estimates 1,900 arrest-related deaths occurred in US between June 2015-May 2016
An estimated 1,900 people died in the United States during arrest or while in police custody June 2015 through May 2016, according to a new report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and RTI International.
Macromolecules: Light to design precision polymers
Chemists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have succeeded in specifically controlling the setup of precision polymers by light-induced chemical reactions.
New type of traveling wave pattern could contain biological coordinates
Physicists in Israel and the US have proposed a new type of traveling wave pattern -- one that can adapt to the size of physical system in which it is embedded -- reporting the work in the New Journal of Physics.
New dentistry program to be introduced by Kazan University
New methods of treatment and complication prevention with the use of technological advancements will be added to the curriculum.
There's a science to gift giving -- experiences are better than material items
New research finds that when it comes to gifts, giving an experience fosters a stronger relationship than material items.
Underwater volcano's eruption captured in exquisite detail by seafloor observatory
Seismic data from the 2015 eruption of Axial Volcano, an underwater volcano about 300 miles off the Oregon coast, has provided the clearest look at the inner workings of a volcano where two ocean plates are moving apart.
Exciting new creatures discovered on ocean floor
Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered six new animal species in undersea hot springs 2.8 kilometers deep in the southwest Indian Ocean.
Lower cost of LEDs reduce profitability for manufacturing landscape
Although residential and commercial industries are widely adopting energy-efficient light emitting diodes (LEDs), the drop in LED prices is driving away manufacturers because of decreased profitability, dramatically dislocating and restructuring the solid-state lighting marketplace, says a new National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report.
New report calls for forward-looking analysis and a review of restoration goals for the Everglades
To ensure the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) is responsive to changing environmental conditions like climate change and sea-level rise, as well as to changes in water management, a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine calls for a re-examination of the program's original restoration goals and recommends a forward-looking, systemwide analysis of Everglades restoration outcomes across a range of scenarios.
People's energy in the workplace is key to staff retention
A research study has found that people's energy towards colleagues has a major influence on how likely they are to leave their job voluntarily.
Global map of roadless areas reveals roads fragmenting majority of land
Roads now fragment land to such an extent that, worldwide, only 7 percent of patches created by roads are greater than 100 square kilometers (38 square miles), a new study reports.
Ari Waisman receives most prestigious European prize for MS research
The Sobek Foundation honors Professor Ari Waisman for his groundbreaking achievements in research into multiple sclerosis (MS).
Rising sea level estimates require collaborative response, Princeton-PSU experts say
Policymakers and scientists must act quickly and collaboratively to help coastal areas better prepare for rising sea levels globally, say climate change experts from Princeton and Penn State universities.
Dental hygiene, caveman style
Bits of wood recovered from a 1.2-million-year-old tooth found at an excavation site in northern Spain indicate that the ancient relatives of man may have use a kind of toothpick.
Understanding X-chromosome silencing in humans
Researchers have discovered new insights into how one of the two X-chromosomes is silenced during the development of female human embryos and also in lab-grown stem cells.
Stem cell 'living bandage' for knee injuries trialed in humans
A 'living bandage' made from stem cells, which could revolutionize the treatment and prognosis of a common sporting knee injury, has been trialed in humans for the first time by scientists at the universities of Liverpool and Bristol.
New report finds health wearable devices pose new consumer and privacy risks
New research weighs in on the debate over the lack of safeguards built into the health-care system for fitness trackers.
Immunotherapy for cancer: New method identifies target antigens by mass spectrometry
New cancer therapies harness the immune system to fight tumors.
Chemist Named National Academy of Inventors Fellow
Michael Pirrung, a distinguished professor of chemistry at the University of California, Riverside, has been named one of the new 175 fellows of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI).
Astronomers discover dark past of planet-eating 'Death Star'
An international team of scientists, including researchers from the University of Chicago, has made the rare discovery of a planetary system with a host star similar to Earth's sun.
Inaugural Walter Kohn Prize awarded to Chinese physicist
Chinese physicist Yanming Ma receives the inaugural Walter Kohn Prize for his development of efficient methods for the determination of crystal structures based on density-functional theory and for the prediction of novel phases of materials under high pressure.
Number of known black holes expected to double in two years with new detection method
Researchers from the University of Waterloo have developed a method that will detect roughly 10 black holes per year, doubling the number currently known within two years, and it will likely unlock the history of black holes in a little more than a decade.
MIT Energy Initiative report provides guidance for evolving electric power sector
An MIT Energy Initiative report developed with IIT-Comillas recommends proactive regulatory, policy, and market reforms that can help guide the evolution of electric power systems in the US, Europe, and other parts of the world.
How to 'sharpen' an ultrasound scalpel
Researchers from the Laboratory for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound of M.V.
STEM enrichment activities have no impact on results
Enrichment activities to encourage pupils to study science and technology subjects have made no difference to their performance in mathematics exams, new research shows.
Specific ways in the body: New host for steroids
Synthetic hosts are to transport medical substances into the body and to release them at specific points.
Zika-linked birth defects more extensive than previously thought, UCLA-led research finds
New research finds that Zika-linked abnormalities that occur in human fetuses are more extensive -- and severe -- than previously thought, with 46 percent of 125 pregnancies among Zika-infected women resulting in birth defects in newborns or ending in fetal death.
National academies' gulf research program awards $2.1 million in synthesis grants
The Gulf Research Program (GRP) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine announced today the recipients of three synthesis grants, totaling over $2.1 million.
New approach for cancer prevention in BRCA1 mutation-positive women from Josef Penninger
With his DoD BCRP Innovator Award, Dr. Penninger investigated whether RANKL inhibition could be used to prevent breast cancer in mouse models.
U of T researchers make autism breakthrough
The study demonstrates that a drop in one protein is enough to cause autism.
Many early-onset colon cancers are caused by genetic mutations passed through families
One in every six colorectal cancer patients (16 percent) diagnosed under age 50 has at least one inherited genetic mutation that increases his or her cancer risk and many of these mutations could go undetected with the current screening approach, according to initial data from a statewide colorectal cancer screening study conducted at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- Arthur G.
Breast cancer study predicts better response to chemotherapy
It is known from previous research that the ER-beta estrogen receptor often has a protective effect.
AGU Fall Meeting: Groundwater resources around the world could be depleted by 2050s
Human consumption could deplete groundwater in parts of India, southern Europe and the US in the coming decades, according to new research presented today.
Supercomputer simulations confirm observations of 2015 India/Pakistan heat waves
A paper released Dec.15 during the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in San Francisco points to new evidence of human influence on extreme weather events.
Road planning 'trade off' could boost food production while helping protect tropical forests
Scientists hope a new approach to planning road infrastructure that could increase crop yield in the Greater Mekong region while limiting environmental destruction will open dialogues between developers and the conservation community.
Cancer registries in resource-constrained countries can inform policy to reduce cancer burden
Data from population-based cancer registries are vital for informing health programs, policies and strategies for cancer screening and treatment.
Researchers achieve meter-scale optical coherence tomography for first time
An industry-academic collaboration has achieved the first optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of cubic meter volumes.
Manipulating brain activity to boost confidence
Is it possible to directly boost one's own confidence by directly training the brain?
SLU research: Silencing fat protein improves obesity and blood sugar
SLU scientist Angel Baldan, Ph.D., reports that turning off a protein found in liver and adipose tissue significantly improves blood sugar levels and reduces body fat in an animal model.
This is your brain on (legal) cannabis: Researchers seek answers
For those suffering depression or anxiety, using cannabis for relief may not be the long-term answer.
Alzheimer's: Proteomics gives clues toward alternatives to amyloid
In Alzheimer's research, one particular protein looms large: plaque-forming amyloid-beta.
Impact of aging on brain connections mapped in major scan study
Brain connections that play a key role in complex thinking skills show the poorest health with advancing age, new research by the University of Edinburgh suggests.
USF researcher awarded $1 million grant for new study on oil spill impacts
A research team led by University of South Florida professor Steven Murawski has been awarded a $1M grant to explore how oil spills, such as the Deepwater Horizon in 2010, impact the economic, ecological and social system aspects of fishing communities.
Taking stock of the world's lakes
The most complete global database yet of the world's lakes, compiled by geographers at McGill University, promises to help scientists better understand the important role of lakes in the Earth's complex environmental systems.
New parent home visiting program reduces infants' need for medical care
Infants in families who participated in an intensive new parent home visiting program involving both nurses and lay educators used significantly less medical services during the first year of life, according to a new RAND Corporation study.
Facial feminization surgery for transgender patients
A new article published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery examines the role of rhinoplasty in facial feminization surgery for transgender patients
Physical activity good for your health, but what's happening below the surface?
The University of Michigan was recently awarded $8.2 million from the National Institutes of Health to investigate the molecular changes that occur during and after physical activity.
Leibniz Prize for Britta Nestler
Professor Britta Nestler of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is granted the 2017 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize by the German Research Foundation.
Mass. General study reveals how diabetes drug metformin prevents, suppresses cancer growth
A team of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has identified a pathway that appears to underlie metformin's ability both to block the growth of human cancer cells and to extend the lifespan of the C.elegans roundworm, implying that this single genetic pathway plays an important role in a wide range of organisms.
Repurposed drugs may offer improved treatments for fatal genetic disorders
University of Rochester Medical Center researchers believe they have identified a potential new means of treating some of the most severe genetic diseases of childhood, according to a study in PLOS Biology.
The pill won't kill your sexual desire, researchers say
Taking the pill doesn't lower your sexual desire, contrary to popular belief, according to research published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Spanish scientists sequence the genome of the Iberian lynx, the most endangered felid
Genomic analysis of the Iberian lynx confirms that it is one of the species with the least genetic diversity among individuals, which means that it has little margin for adaptation.
Gene mutations among young patients with colorectal cancer
While many patients with colorectal are diagnosed when they are older than 50, about 10 percent of patients are diagnosed at younger ages.
New Mekong River initiative will highlight values of biodiversity, ecosystems
With 60 million people depending on its aquatic resources for food and livelihoods, the lower Mekong River Basin is threatened by rapid development that would adversely affect the people and wildlife within this region.
Research at Stanford locates absence epilepsy seizure 'choke point' in brain
Stanford researchers used a rodent model to discover that shifting the firing pattern of a particular set of brain cells is all it takes to initiate, or to terminate, an absence seizure.
Study: Inherited mutations in 3 genes predict for aggressive prostate cancer
A new study of three genes associated with the development of prostate cancer found that men with inherited mutations in these genes are more likely to develop aggressive forms of the disease and die from prostate cancer at an earlier age than those without the mutations.
Key benefits of large-scale use of universal over conventional flu vaccines
Universal vaccines that protect against multiple strains of influenza virus at once could offer key population-level benefits over conventional seasonal vaccines, according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology.
EurekAlert! Fellowships 'validating' for Chinese, Indian science reporters at the dawn of their careers
Winners of the 2017 EurekAlert! Fellowships for International Science Reporters say the opportunity to attend the world's largest general scientific meeting and network with reporters and scientists offers validation for their hard work while strengthening their resolve to communicate science to the public.
Two major groups of rabies virus display distinct evolutionary trends
Using hundreds of viral genome sequences, scientists have shown that two major groups of rabies virus have unique evolutionary tendencies.
Chemists identify genetic mutation that opens door in combatting age-related diseases
Researchers at the University of Surrey, in collaboration with the Universities of Reading and Cologne, and the Royal Berkshire Hospital, have discovered that it is possible to stop the activation of a group of proteins (NADPH Oxidase) known to cause most of the diseases of ageing.
Using brands to vent relationship frustration
When partners who are lower in relationship power feel frustrated with their significant others, they are more likely to buy something that is opposite to what their partners prefer.
NASA finds a lifetime of heavy rainfall from Tropical Cyclone Vardah
NASA gathered rainfall data on Tropical Cyclone Vardah from its birth in the Bay of Bengal through its movement west into the Arabian Sea.

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