Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 20, 2016
Study identifies gastric cancer biomarker and possible treatment
Scientists at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have shown that the hormone receptor GHRH-R could be a potential biomarker for gastric cancer, enabling earlier diagnoses and better staging.

Coffee-ring phenomenon explained in new theory
The formation of a simple coffee stain has been the subject of complex study for decades, though it turns out that there remain some stones still to be turned.

Dual strategy teaches mouse immune cells to overcome cancer's evasive techniques
By combining two treatment strategies, both aimed at boosting the immune system's killer T cells, Johns Hopkins researchers report they lengthened the lives of mice with skin cancer more than by using either strategy on its own.

Bioinformatics brings to light new combinations of drugs to fight breast cancer
A bioinformatics analysis of pairing 64 drugs used to treat breast cancer allows researchers at IRB Barcelona to identify 10 previously untested combinations with potential to tackle resistance to breast cancer treatment.

Levels of DNA in blood test correlated with ovarian cancer outcomes
Levels of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) detected in a blood test are correlated with the size of ovarian cancers and can predict a patient's response to treatment or time to disease progression, according to a retrospective study of cancer patients' blood samples published in PLOS Medicine by Nitzan Rosenfeld and James Brenton of Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute and colleagues.

History of TBI linked to poor outcomes for those who are homeless, have mental illness
Among homeless adults with mental illness, having a history of head injuries is associated with a greater risk of adverse health conditions, new research indicates.

Model demonstrates high-quality patient care while reducing costs
A local learning health system model demonstrates high-quality patient care while reducing costs.

Got to remember them all, Pokémon
Weiwei Zhang, assistant professor of psychology at the University of California, Riverside, found that people could learn and remember more of a subject when they were already familiar with it.

NIH launches first large trial of a long-acting injectable drug for HIV prevention
The first large-scale clinical trial of a long-acting injectable drug for HIV prevention began today.

Good news and bad news about forest fragmentation
New England forests may be more sensitive to climate change than previously suggested.

Sex evolved to help future generations fight infection, scientists show
Why does sex exist when organisms that clone themselves use less time and energy, and do not need a mate to produce offspring?

Routine screening for genital herpes infection not recommended
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends against routine serologic screening (via a blood test) for genital herpes simplex virus infection in asymptomatic adolescents and adults, including those who are pregnant.

Heart valves strive to get oxygen one way or another
Rice University scientists investigate the ways oxygen permeates heart valves and the role hypoxia plays in valve diseases.

Searching a sea of 'noise' to find exoplanets -- using only data as a guide
Yale researchers have found a data-driven way to detect distant planets and refine the search for worlds similar to Earth.

Male bumblebees leave home without looking back
Male bumblebees leave home and fly away without looking back, making no effort to remember the location of the nest, researchers at the University of Exeter have found.

NOAA awards $8 million for coastal resiliency investments across the nation
NOAA Fisheries is pleased to announce $8 million in recommended funding for 11 shovel-ready coastal resiliency projects in various sites across the country.

A social network for fish
Researchers have won a major new grant award for a study that will help to improve the welfare of live fish used in scientific tests.

Going green with nanotechnology
Reducing the environmental impact of organic solar cell production, building more efficient energy storage: Würzburg-based research institutes have provided for progress in the Bavarian project association UMWELTnanoTECH.

Violence spreads like a disease among adolescents, study finds
A new study of US adolescents provides some of the best evidence to date of how violence spreads like a contagious disease.

Commonly used drugs lead to more doctor's office, hospital and emergency department visits
Anticholinergic medications, a class of drugs commonly used by older adults, are linked to an increased rate of ED and hospital utilization in the US, according to an Indiana University Center for Aging Research, IU Center for Health Innovation and Implementation Science, and Regenstrief Institute study of community-dwelling Americans age 65 and older.

Festive nebulae light up Milky Way Galaxy satellite
The sheer observing power of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope is rarely better illustrated than in an image such as this.

Mapping the molecules made by a lichen's resident microbes
An international team of researchers has spatially mapped molecules produced by an intact, complex microbial community for the first time.

Studies lead to use of melanin as material for bioelectronic devices
Researchers at São Paulo State University's School of Sciences (FC-UNESP) in Brazil have succeeded in developing a novel route to more rapidly synthesize and to enable the use of melanin, a polymeric compound that pigments the skin, eyes and hair of mammals and is considered one of the most promising materials for use in miniaturized implantable devices such as biosensors.

Chimpanzees are 'indifferent' when it comes to altruism
New research into chimpanzees suggests that, when it comes to altruistically helping a fellow chimpanzee, they are 'indifferent.'

Computer models find ancient solutions to modern problems
Washington State University archaeologists are at the helm of new research using sophisticated computer technology to learn how past societies responded to climate change.

Scripps Florida scientists discover new natural source of potent anti-cancer drugs
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed an efficient process to rapidly discover new 'enediyne natural products' from soil microbes that could be further developed into extremely potent anticancer drugs.

University of Akron professor receives grant to help find cure for multiple sclerosis
Leah Shriver Ph.D., an assistant professor in chemistry and biology at The University of Akron, has been awarded a three year $469,000 grant from the National Institute of Health for her research with cell regeneration, the key to curing many brain diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS).

Learning by listening: Penn physicians say online reviews can improve health care
Online platforms that allow users to read and write reviews of businesses and services afford health care providers an opportunity to learn by listening, Penn Medicine physicians say in a new Viewpoint published today in JAMA.

New model more accurately predicts breast cancer risk in Hispanic women
A new breast cancer model, published today in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, will help health care providers more accurately predict breast cancer risk in their Hispanic patients.

Spicy molecule inhibits growth of breast cancer cells
Capsaicin, an active ingredient of pungent substances such as chilli or pepper, inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells.

New material with ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism may lead to better computer memory
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) have demonstrated that ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism coexist at room temperature in thin films of bismuth-iron-cobalt oxide.

International trial shows pelvic floor exercise benefit for preventing prolapse
Researchers, including several University of Otago academics, have conducted the first trial of pelvic floor muscle training for the prevention of prolapse symptoms in women with early signs of prolapse several years after childbirth, publishing their findings in the world's leading medical journal The Lancet.

Chemicals of 'emerging concern' mapped in 3 Great Lakes
For the first time, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have mapped the location of thousands of tons of polyhalogenated carbazoles in the sediment of the Great Lakes and estimated their amount.

Double effort against Rett's syndrome
Although our genes normally come in pairs but sometimes one of them is missing (haploinsufficiency) leading sometimes to serious diseases.

Study finds ideal method to minimize waffle loss in industrial production
A study published in the December issue of Journal of Food Science found that waffles baked on steel plates at a high temperature for a short amount of time minimizes the likelihood egg waffle batter will stick to the plate.

Feeling blue? Taking a break from Facebook might help
A new study shows that regular use of social networking such as Facebook can negatively affect your emotional well-being and satisfaction with life.

Sharp fall in GP visits for acute gastroenteritis after rotavirus vaccination introduction
The introduction of the national rotavirus vaccination program in England was followed by a sharp decrease in the number of GP visits for acute gastroenteritis, according to a new study published in the journal, Vaccine.

Einstein in an iron crystal
Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has enabled scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich and LMU Munich to directly visualize the formation of shifts in the band structure (band gaps) of a sample of prototypical magnetic material as a response to the change in direction of a magnetic field.

Young children can choke to death on whole grapes, doctors warn
Very young children can choke to death on whole grapes, warn doctors writing in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Examining toddler temperament around the globe
US babies tend to be more social and impulsive and more likely to enjoy highly stimulating activities than infants from Chile, South Korea, and Poland, according to a new study by Maria Gartstein, professor of psychology at Washington State University.

Study provides clues to improving fecal microbiota transplantation
Results from a placebo-controlled trial provide a strategy for improving fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.

FASEB announces new database of research organism providers
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) launched a new tool to help biomedical and life science investigators identify US suppliers of research organisms ranging from algae to mice, fruit flies, and maize.

The world's first demonstration of spintronics-based artificial intelligence
Researchers at Tohoku University have, for the first time, successfully demonstrated the basic operation of spintronics-based artificial intelligence.

Professor Daniel Zilberman receives Consolidator Grant from the European Research Council
The European Research Council (ERC) has awarded new John Innes Centre (JIC) Project Leader Professor Daniel Zilberman a Consolidator Grant to carry out his chosen research at JIC.

Aging and cancer: An enzyme protects chromosomes from oxidative damage
EPFL scientists have identified a protein that caps chromosomes during cell division and protect them from oxidative damage and shortening, which are associated with aging and cancer.

For older adults, poor vision can lead to physical decline and cognitive problems
When older adult's vision declines sharply, their participation in physical and mental activities also declines.

Does 'publication bias' affect the 'canonization' of facts in science?
In an article published Dec. 20 in the journal eLife, UW biology professor Carl Bergstrom and co-authors present a mathematical model that explores whether 'publication bias' -- the tendency of journals to publish mostly positive experimental results -- influences how scientists canonize facts.

Study details molecular roots of Alzheimer's
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have detailed the structure of a molecule that has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease.

UTSW study identifies a way to prevent burn injury infection -- without antibiotics
A new way to fight multidrug-resistant bacteria by blinding them rather than killing them proved highly effective in a model of burn injuries, UT Southwestern Medical Center research shows.

Penn study confirms 'sniff test' may be useful in diagnosing early Alzheimer's disease
Tests that measure the sense of smell may soon become common in neurologists' offices.

Safe and inexpensive hydrogen production as a future energy source
Hydrogen represents an attractive alternative energy source to fossil fuels but hydrogen technology is currently limited by safety issues.

Arctic Inuit, Native American cold adaptations may originate from extinct hominids
In the Arctic, the Inuits have adapted to severe cold and a predominantly seafood diet.

Study to assess climate resiliency of more than 250 US cities
The University of Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative has announced it will assess the climate vulnerability and readiness of every US city with a population over 100,000.

HIV prevention trials network launches HPTN 083
The HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) has launched a new study, HPTN 083, to evaluate whether injectable cabotegravir (CAB) can safely protect men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) who have sex with men from acquiring HIV as well as daily oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC).

Medication may provide greater virus suppression, reduction in lesions for patients with genital herpes
In a study appearing in the Dec. 20 issue of JAMA, Anna Wald, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of Washington & Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, and colleagues compared the medications pritelivir and valacyclovir for reducing genital herpes simplex virus shedding and lesions in persons with recurrent genital herpes.

Closer ties for silver clusters
KAUST researchers develop silver nanoclusters with hydrogen-rich shells to offer new opportunities in catalysis and opto-electronics.

As children with autism age, services to help with transition needed
As children with autism age, experiences such as leaving school, finding jobs and living alone can be stressful for adolescents with autism as well as their caregivers.

Commercial brand of mouthwash can help kill off gonorrhea in the mouth
A commercial brand of mouthwash that is readily available from supermarkets and pharmacies can help curb the growth of the bacteria responsible for gonorrhea, reveals preliminary research published online in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Climate change skepticism may hinge on personal experience
In a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Boston University scientists have found that experiencing record high or low temperatures affects people's stated belief in climate change.

Researchers identify new suppressor effects of the NOX4 protein in liver cancer
Researchers of IDIBELL and King's College London, have unveiled the role of NADPH oxidase NOX4 as an inhibitor of the epithelial-amoeboid transition, a process that contributes to the migration and invasion of tumor cells.

Sunlight offers surprise benefit -- it energizes infection fighting T cells
Georgetown University Medical Center researchers have found that sunlight, through a mechanism separate than vitamin D production, energizes T cells that play a central role in human immunity.

VLA, ALMA team up to give first look at birthplaces of most current stars
VLA and ALMA show distant galaxies seen as they were when most of today's stars were being born, answering longstanding questions about mechanisms of star formation billions of years ago.

ANU helps find supercluster of galaxies near Milky Way
The Australian National University is part of an international team of astronomers that found one of the Universe's biggest superclusters of galaxies near the Milky Way.

Trends in extracorporeal life support -- ASAIO Journal presents latest worldwide registry data
For critically ill patients with heart or lung failure that does not respond to conventional treatments, extracorporeal life support (ECLS) can provide a bridge to survival.

Avalanche statistics suggest Tabby's star is near a continuous phase transition
In its search for extrasolar planets, the Kepler space telescope looks for stars whose light flux periodically dims, But the timing and duration of diminished light flux episodes Kepler detected coming from KIC 846852, known as Tabby's star, are a mystery.

Cancer registries in resource-constrained countries can inform policy
Data from population-based cancer registries are vital for informing health programs, policies and strategies for cancer screening and treatment.

The way you move: Tumor cells move differently than normal ones
A new study by a Drexel biology professor determined that tumor cells can't move the same way that normal cells do to get through tight squeezes in the body, opening up the potential for future, targeted therapies.

Become soya- friendly
Damir Shafigulin, a post graduate student of RUDN University, decided to do innovative business.

High-fat diet before imaging improves diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago were able to reduce uncertainty in diagnosing cardiac sarcoidosis by having patients consume a high-fat, low-sugar diet for 72 hours prior to diagnostic imaging.

Cancer genomics: Addressing treatment resistance in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
In the third week of PLOS Medicine's ongoing special issue on cancer genomics, principal investigator Jules Meijerink of the Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, The Netherlands and colleagues seek to identify mechanisms underlying treatment resistance in children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) by combining genomic DNA sequencing and chromosomal copy-number analyses, and suggest a new approach to therapy.

Traffic fatalities decline in states with medical marijuana laws
States that enacted medical marijuana laws, on average, experienced reductions in traffic fatalities, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Study finds some councils in London let down homeless veterans
A new study finds some local authorities in London are letting down homeless veterans.

Study pinpoints when the Galápagos Islands developed their unique ecology
A new study in Earth and Planetary Science Letters shows the geologic formation of one part of the Galapagos Islands archipelago -- the one responsible for the biodiversity -- formed roughly 1.6 million years ago.

Association between birth of an infant with major congenital anomalies and subsequent risk of death
In Denmark, having a child with a major congenital anomaly was associated with a small but statistically significant increased risk of death in the mother compared with women without an affected child, according to a study appearing in the Dec.

'Watershed' discovery reveals plants' medicinal secrets
Metabolons, near-mythical clusters of enzymes, have been discovered for the first time.

Amazonia's best and worst areas for carbon recovery revealed
The first mapping of carbon recovery in Amazonian forests following emissions released by commercial logging activities has been published in the journal eLife.

New test could detect ovarian cancer patients who are strongly responding to treatment
Scientists might be able to quickly predict how ovarian cancer patients are likely to respond to chemotherapy treatment using a simple blood test.

Salamanders brave miles of threatening terrain for the right sex partner
Most salamanders are homebodies when it comes to mating. But some of the beasts hit the road, traversing miles of rugged terrain unfit for an amphibian in pursuit of a partner from a far-away wetland.

Moth's eye inspires critical component on SOFIA's newest instrument
Nature, and more particularly a moth's eye, inspired the technology that allows a new NASA-developed camera to create images of astronomical objects with far greater sensitivity than was previously possible.

Discovering the origin of mouth and anus
The mouth and anus are not connected in the development of the embryo as earlier thought, shows a Norwegian ground-breaking study.

Illuminating cancer: Researchers invent a pH threshold sensor to improve cancer surgery
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have invented a transistor-like threshold sensor that can illuminate cancer tissue, helping surgeons more accurately distinguish cancerous from normal tissue.

Laser pulses help scientists tease apart complex electron interactions
Using a new laser-driven 'stop-action' technique for studying complex electron interactions under dynamic conditions, scientists have identified an unusual form of energy loss in a material related to superconductors.

Research discredits theory that e-cigarettes make tobacco use socially acceptable
A study conducted by the Glasgow-based Centre for Substance Use Research (CSUR) has cast doubt on the link suggested by some between the increased visibility of e-cigarette use and the renormalization of smoking.

Gelatin supplements, good for your joints?
A new study from UC Davis and the Australian Institute of Sport suggests that consuming a gelatin supplement, plus a burst of intensive exercise, can help build ligaments, tendons and bones.

Pop-outs: How the brain extracts meaning from noise
The brain ignores much of the sensory world surrounding us to focus on what's important, but this often means we have difficulty understanding what we see or hear.

Zika virus infection determined by reproductive cycle in mice
Female mice may be more susceptible to vaginal Zika virus infection during a specific stage of their reproductive cycle, researchers report Dec.

UMass Amherst nursing students learn brief effective substance abuse screening
As they graduate this semester, 44 student nurses who learned SBIRT skills are pioneers in engaging the community.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine receives major federal grant for research into intellectual and developmental disabilities
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded Albert Einstein College of Medicine a five-year, $6 million grant to fund the Rose F.

Scripps Florida scientist awarded $5 million Outstanding Investigator Grant
Ron Davis, chair of the Department of Neuroscience on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has been awarded a $5 million Outstanding Investigator Grant, one of the first of its kind, by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

New point of attack against stomach bacterium Helicobacter pylori
There is a strong suspicion that Helicobacter pylori is linked to the development of stomach cancer.

Scientists zero in on biological diversity in 'poor man's rainforest'
Leftover DNA from dead organisms -- known as 'relic DNA' -- has historically thrown a wrench into estimates, causing scientists to overestimate microbial diversity by as much as 55 percent.

Golden jackals might be settling in the Czech Republic, hint multiple observations
The first living golden jackal in the Czech Republic was reported by researchers from Charles University.

New antimatter breakthrough to help illuminate mysteries of the Big Bang
Swansea University physicists working with an international collaborative team at CERN, conduct the first precision study of antihydrogen, the antimatter equivalent of hydrogen.

An 'IRBIT'uary before cell death
Billions of cells in our bodies die every day in an important process called apoptosis.

Building a better brain
Salk scientists find 3-D 'mini-brains' provide new insights into development and potential disease therapies

Scientific 'facts' could be false
When is a scientific result true or false? Experiments always have a certain proportion of positive results and negative results, but scientific journals prefer to publish the positive results and new research from the Niels Bohr Institute shows that this can lead to false claims ending up being regarded as true facts.

Focused interactions important for protein dynamics
Many biological processes in cells function solely due to the phenomenon of diffusion.

Sex cells evolved to pass on quality mitochondria
Mammals immortalize their genes through eggs and sperm to ensure future generations inherit good quality mitochondria to power the body's cells, according to new UCL research.

Characterization of magnetic nanovortices simplified
Processors and storage media making use of tiny structures called 'skyrmions' could one day lead to the further miniaturization of IT devices and improve their energy efficiency significantly.

First US babies treated in study of adult stem cell therapy for congenital heart disease
In a first-in-children randomized clinical study, medical researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UM SOM) and the Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute (ISCI) at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have begun testing to see whether adult stem cells derived from bone marrow benefit children with the congenital heart defect hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS).

Bright future for energy devices
A new material invented by Michigan Technological University researchers embeds sodium metal in carbon and could improve electrode performance in energy devices.

For geriatric falls, 'brain speed' may matter more than lower limb strength
University of Michigan researchers find it's not only risk factors like lower limb strength and precise perception of the limb's position that determine if a geriatric patient will recover from a perturbation, but also complex and simple reaction times.

Epigenetic changes promoting cancer metastasis identified
Latest research from New Zealand's University of Otago is shedding new light on why and how cancer cells spread from primary tumors to other parts of the body.

Why some people may not respond to the malaria vaccine
Generating protective immunity against the early liver stage of malaria infection is feasible but has been difficult to achieve in regions with high rates of malaria infection.

Mechanism of successful horizontal gene transfer between divergent organisms explained
University of Tsukuba-led researchers showed how a host's gene regulatory environment can facilitate the establishment of a gene newly arrived via horizontal transfer.

Given time, most women with anorexia or bulimia will recover
A study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators finds that, contrary to what is often believed, around two-thirds of women with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa will eventually recover from their eating disorders.

Genetic mutations could increase risk of cytomegalovirus infection
Experimenting with human cells and mice, Johns Hopkins researchers have found that a genetic mutation that alters a protein called NOD1 may increase susceptibility to human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.

Dynamic changes, regulatory rewiring occur as Tcells respond to infection
Scientists have used systems biology tools to map out molecular pathways and signaling circuits that come into play when the immune system acts against infections and cancer.

Neutron diffraction probes forms of carbon dioxide in extreme environments
Through a Deep Carbon Observatory collaboration, Adam Makhluf of the University of California, Los Angeles's Earth, Space and Planetary Science Department and Chris Tulk of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Chemical and Engineering Materials Division are using neutrons to study the fundamental role carbon dioxide plays in Earth's carbon cycle, especially in the composition of carbon reservoirs in the deep earth and the evolution of the carbon cycle over time.

Black males nearly 3 times as likely to die when police use force, study finds
A Drexel public health researcher used a population health view to describe disparities in the death of males in the United States due to legal intervention.

Clues from past volcanic explosion help Manchester-led team model future activity
Researchers led by The University of Manchester have developed a model that will help civil defense agencies better judge the impact of future volcanic eruptions -- including those that threaten the UK population.

National Endowment for the Humanities supports work at UH
The latest round of funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities includes grants for two University of Houston faculty members, funding an ambitious collaboration with the Museum of Fine Arts-Houston to expand access to the museum's digital archive of Latin American art, along with support for a book exploring literature from French-speaking countries during the independence era of the mid-20th century.

Magnifying time reveals fundamental rogue wave instabilities of nature
Researchers have used a novel measurement technique that magnifies time to reveal how ultrafast intense pulses of light can be generated from noise on a laser as it propagates in optical fibre.

Predicting future sports rankings from evolving performance
Competitive sports and games are all about the performance of players and teams, which results in performance-based hierarchies.

C-P.A.W.W. to study health effects that walking shelter dogs has on veterans and dogs
Veterans will walk shelter dogs in an intervention aimed at reducing stress levels and improving psychological outcomes.

The evolutionary secret of H. pylori to survive in the stomach
Professor Frédéric Veyrier's most recent research, in collaboration with the team of Professor Hilde De Reuse at the Institut Pasteur, has shed light on key genes essential to the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori bacterium, which causes gastric infections.

University of Zurich to become global center for biodiversity research
From 2017, the University of Zurich will assume the International Project Office of bioDISCOVERY, supporting and coordinating global research projects monitoring, assessing, and better understanding and predicting biodiversity change.

The dirt on packaged rhino beetles
Bags of commercial potting soil are irresistible to beetles.

Pittsburgh teen girls take barely half the steps recommended for health
Teenage girls in Pittsburgh lag far behind the expected levels of physical activity for US adolescent females, according to a new analysis based on a representative sample of that population.

High dietary processed meat intake linked to worsening asthma symptoms
A high dietary intake of cured and processed meats, such as ham and salami, is linked to worsening asthma symptoms, reveals research published online in the journal Thorax.

Stabilizing evolutionary forces keep ants strong
Researchers are finding evidence of natural selection that maintains the status quo among ant populations.

LJI researchers strengthen the case for sexual transmission of Zika virus
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes harboring parasitic Zika virus (ZIKV) are the primary transmitters of virus to humans, potentially causing catastrophic congenital microcephaly in babies born to women bitten by infected mosquitoes.

Physical activity in week after concussion associated with reduced risk of persistent postconcussive
Among children and adolescents who experienced a concussion, physical activity within seven days of injury compared with no physical activity was associated with reduced risk of persistent postconcussive symptoms at 28 days, according to a study appearing in the Dec.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 02S develop in Southern Indian Ocean
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over Tropical Cyclone 02S in the Southern Indian Ocean and infrared imagery showed that the storm had developed some strong thunderstorms.

Black language matters: A linguistic analysis
A new scientific study reveals the critical role that dialect unfamiliarity and prejudice against speakers of African American Vernacular English [AAVE] and other non-standard dialects can play in the criminal justice system. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to