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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | December 28, 2016


Quasi noise-free digital holography
Noise originating from the coherent nature of laser light is the scourge of digital holography, always causing holographic images to be of lower quality than conventional photographs.
Early-phase trial demonstrates shrinkage in pediatric neural tumors
In an early-phase clinical trial of a new oral drug, selumetinib, children with the common genetic disorder neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and plexiform neurofibromas, tumors of the peripheral nerves, tolerated selumetinib and, in most cases, responded to it with tumor shrinkage.
This week from AGU: Random temperature fluctuations may have made Earth habitable
This Week from AGU: Random temperature fluctuations may have made Earth habitable.
Lotus stir-fry scores high in consumer panels
A report details potential demand and consumer preference for fresh lotus rhizomes and products such as lotus salad, baked lotus chips, and lotus stir-fry.
NASA Maps Typhoon Nock-ten's lifetime rainfall as storm fades
NASA has added up the large amounts of rainfall generated throughout the life of the once Super-typhoon Nock-ten from its birth to its entrance into the South China Sea on Dec.
Traffic noise reduces birds' response to alarm calls
Pollution can take many forms -- including noise. Excess noise in the environment from sources such as traffic can have negative effects on animals that rely on sound to communicate and get information about their surroundings.
A material that could revolutionize photonic and opto-electronic devices
The importance of graphene can hardly be overstated. Comprising thirteen chapters written by world-renowned researchers in this field, Optical Properties of Graphene reviews the unique properties of graphene that hold great promise to revolutionize many photonic and opto-electronic devices.
Magnetic stem cells for gene engineering
Russian and British scientists develop a technology to targeted deliver drugs to inflammation spot by magnet controlled stem cells.
Miniscule amounts of impurities in vacuum greatly affecting OLED lifetime
Reproducibility is a necessity for science but has often eluded researchers studying the lifetime of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).
Scripps first in West to treat heart attack with new supersaturated oxygen therapy
A physician at Scripps Health's Prebys Cardiovascular Institute has become the first in the Western United States to treat heart attack patients with a new supersaturated oxygen (SSO2) system in an attempt to reduce permanent damage to their heart muscle.
Investigation into new molecules that could potentially treat Alzheimer's
Scientists investigated two molecules that have a high pharmaceutical potential and low toxicity.
New Neiman Health Policy Institute reports examine MACRA's impact on radiologists
A new Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute series of reports explores the impact of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) of 2015, along with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' (CMS) 2016 proposal for its implementation, on radiologists.
Divide and conquer pattern searching
A new data mining strategy by KAUST offers unprecedented pattern search speed could lead to new insights from massive data.
For welders, Parkinson-like symptoms get worse with exposure
Welders can develop Parkinson's disease-like symptoms that may get worse the longer and more they are exposed to the chemical element manganese from welding fumes, according to a study published in the Dec.
Low levels of manganese in welding fumes linked to neurological problems
Welders exposed to airborne manganese at estimated levels under federal occupational safety standards exhibit neurological problems similar to Parkinson's disease, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Rate of death, heart attack after noncardiac surgery decreases, although risk of stroke increases
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Sripal Bangalore, M.D., M.H.A., of the New York University School of Medicine, New York, and colleagues examined national trends in perioperative cardiovascular outcomes and mortality after major noncardiac surgery.
Fenofibrate may reduce heart disease risk in some patients with type 2 diabetes
A new study shows that the drug fenofibrate might reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes who have high levels of triglycerides and low levels of 'good' cholesterol, despite being treated with statins.
State, regional differences in melanoma rates 2003 vs 2013
A new research letter published online by JAMA Dermatology compares melanoma death and incidence by states and in four geographic regions.
Forthcoming comprehensive reference guide on deep tissue imaging techniques
A forthcoming reference book for new deep tissue imaging techniques, to be published Jan.
Secrets of human protein interactions unveiled by massive sequencing and coevolution
Cells operate like an incredibly well-synchronized orchestra of interactions among proteins.
NTU to develop traffic management solutions so drones can fly safely in Singapore
Researchers at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) are studying ways to allow hundreds of UAVs to fly efficiently and safely at any one time.
Three centuries of excellence: The story of a world-famous chemistry department
Chemistry is the most fundamental of the sciences, and is now one of the most popular choices for university entry.
The late effects of stress: New insights into how the brain responds to trauma
A new study by scientists from the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) Bangalore, has shown how a single instance of severe stress can lead to delayed trauma.
Economics of forest biomass raise hurdles for rural development
The use of residual forest biomass for rural development faces significant economic hurdles that make it unlikely to be a source of jobs in the near future, according to an analysis by economists.
New pharmacon allows testicular tumors to shrink
A new active pharmaceutical ingredient may help against severe forms of testicular cancer, which only respond inadequately to other therapies.
'Latest spoke in the wheel' drives brain-mapping advances, reports Neurophotonics journal
A special section on 'Super-resolution Microscopy of Neural Structure and Function' in the current issue of the journal Neurophotonics presents ground-breaking new research and comprehensive review papers on a techniques enabling vital insights in understanding the brain.
Study provides evidence on movement of potato famine pathogen
New North Carolina State University research delves into the movement and evolution of the pathogen that caused the Irish potato famine in the 1840s, which set down roots in the United States before attacking Europe.
Study unmasks the genetic complexity of cancer cells within the same tumor
A new study led by Cedars-Sinai investigators dramatically illustrates the complexity of cancer by identifying more than 2,000 genetic mutations in tissue samples of esophageal tumors.
Report: New treatment for glioblastoma multiforme developed by NFCR scientists
The National Foundation for Cancer Research today congratulated Dr. Web Cavenee and Dr.
Cycling in bed is safe for ICU patients: Hamilton study
Researchers at McMaster University and St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton have demonstrated that physiotherapists can safely start in-bed cycling sessions with critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients early on in their ICU stay.
Management practices recommended for specialty cider apples
A study of machine- and hand-harvested 'Brown Snout' specialty cider apples showed that mechanical harvest was three-fourths as efficient in providing the same yield as hand harvest, and imparted two-fold greater physical damage to fruit than hand harvest.
Strip tillage, rowcovers for organic cucurbit production
Researchers compared plasticulture and strip tillage systems with and without rowcovers in organically managed experiments on summer squash and muskmelon.

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