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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | January 06, 2017


Risk of long-term disability in older adults who visit the ED
Older adults who go to the emergency department (ED) for an illness or injury are at increased risk for disability and decline in physical abilities up to six months later, according to a study by Yale researchers.
Vision problems after concussion -- special issue of Optometry and Vision Science presents new research
Vision problems are a common and sometimes lasting consequence of head injuries -- from children and teens with sports-related concussions to military personnel with combat-related traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Gut microbes and bird's breath from the U at #SICB2017
University of Utah researchers will be among the scientists convening in New Orleans for the 2017 Annual Meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Jan.
Research supports role of supernovas in measuring pace at which the universe expands
A team of research scientists led by David Cinabro, professor of physics and astronomy in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Wayne State University, recently published a paper marking the importance of Type Ia supernovas in measuring the pace at which the universe expands.
New treatment for a rare form of encephalitis
Researchers from Charité report success in treating anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis.
Brain protein predicts recovery time following concussion
Elevated levels of the brain protein tau following concussion are associated with a longer recovery period and may serve as a marker to help physicians determine an athlete's readiness to return to play.
Physicians can better predict outcomes for kidney transplant patients with key data, study finds
Kidney transplant patients have a better chance of survival if physicians use all the data that's available to them -- including data that's tracked over time -- to predict the likelihood of organ failure.
Symposium turns spotlight on brain research
The 10th 'Glial-neuronal Interactions in Health and Disease' symposium will take place on Friday, Jan.
Toxic bosses are bad for your health and bad for your reputation
These are the key findings of a research team from the University of Manchester's Business School.
New research describes how bacteria resists 'last-resort' antibiotic
An international research team, led by the University of Bristol, has provided the first clues to understand how the mcr-1 gene protects bacteria from colistin -- a 'last resort' antibiotic used to treat life-threatening bacterial infections that do not respond to other treatment options.
Open-source plant database confirms top US bioenergy crop
Scientists have confirmed that Miscanthus, long speculated to be the top biofuel producer, yields more than twice as much as switchgrass in the US using an open-source bioenergy crop database gaining traction in plant science, climate change, and ecology research.
A breakthrough in optical physics by Professor Roberto Morandotti's team
For the second year in a row, a scientific advance by Professor Roberto Morandotti's team at the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre has been chosen as one of the top ten discoveries of 2016 by Québec Science.
Zooplankton rapidly evolve tolerance to road salt
A common species of zooplankton -- the smallest animals in the freshwater food web -- can evolve genetic tolerance to moderate levels of road salt in as little as two and a half months, according to new research published online today in the journal Environmental Pollution.
New plant named to honor the peace-making efforts of the Colombian President
Named to honor the peace-making efforts of Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, a new species of the sunflower family genus Espeletia is described from the Páramo de Presidente.
Tablet devices show promise in managing agitation among patients with dementia
A new pilot study suggests that the use of tablet computers is both a safe and a potentially effective approach to managing agitation among patients with dementia.
Top 10 PPPL stories that you shouldn't miss
Article summarizes top 10 laboratory developments and discoveries in 2016.
The BGRF joins Diversity.AI to prevent age discrimination in aging biomarker development
The Biogerontology Research Foundation announces a partnership with Diversity.AI to prevent age-discrimination in deep-learning based approaches to ageing biomarker development, characterization and prediction.
Is student debt responsible for 'boomeranging' among young adults?
While student loan debt has reached an all-time high, it does not increase young adults' risk of 'boomeranging' or returning to their parental home, according to a Dartmouth-led study published in 'Sociology of Education.' Boomerangers, surprisingly, had less student loan debt than young adults who didn't return home.
While not necessarily reality, perception can cause reality to evolve
In an invited perspective published Jan. 6, 2017, in Science, Hamilton Farris, Ph.D., Associate Professor-Research at LSU Health New Orleans Neuroscience Center of Excellence, finds that the key insight of an important study by Nachev, et al. is that perception can drive the evolution of observable traits.
Investigators identify optimal conditions for growth of Legionella bacteria
The bacteria that cause Legionnaire's disease grow well in warm tap water installations with ample dissolved organic matter -- conditions that support the growth of biofilms.
The 22nd Nagoya Medal Award lectures
The Nagoya Medal Award is awarded every year to two organic chemists who have made significant original contributions to the field.
New study finds 1 in 5 US gun owners obtained firearm without background check
One in five US gun owners who obtained a firearm in the past two years did so without a back­ground check, according to a new national survey con­ducted by researchers at Northeastern Uni­ver­sity and Har­vard University.
Hubble detects 'exocomets' taking the plunge into a young star
Interstellar forecast for a nearby star: Raining comets! NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has discovered comets plunging onto the star HD 172555, which is a youthful 23 million years old and resides 95 light-years from Earth.
USDA announces $2.9 million available for biorefinery research
The US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced the availability of $2.9 million in funding for research to improve biorefinery technologies.
Fixing failing hearts: National leaders to convene at heart recovery 'think tank'
Can a failing heart recover? For many years, the answer to that question was unequivocally 'No.' But as the University of Utah School of Medicine's annual Utah Cardiac Recovery Symposium (U-CARS) will explore on Jan.
Hubble provides interstellar road map for Voyagers' galactic trek
NASA's two Voyager spacecraft are hurtling through unexplored territory on their road trip beyond our solar system.
New personality model sets up how we see ourselves -- and how others see us
A new personality trait model co-developed by Brian Connelly could save employers money in hiring and retention costs.
Indoor tanning study reveals surprising new at-risk group for skin cancer
In a new study of indoor tanning and skin cancer risk, the use of indoor tanning among non-heterosexual black male teens was found to be nearly equal to that of heterosexual white females.
Autoimmunity and infections: When the body fights itself
Doctors are on the trail of a possible connection between autoimmune diseases and infections: errors can occur when immune cells absorb certain proteins from pathogen cells.
Parents purchase frozen dinners for more than convenience
Processed foods are higher in calories, sugar, sodium, and saturated fat than natural foods, but prepackaged, processed meals remain a popular choice for many consumers because they reduce the energy, time, and cooking skills needed to prepare food.
Rocky mountain haze
University of Utah atmospheric scientist Gannet Hallar and colleagues find a correlation between the severity of drought in the Intermountain West and the summertime air quality, particularly the concentration of aerosol particles, in remote mountain wilderness regions.
Tailored organoid may help unravel immune response mystery
Cornell and Weill Cornell Medicine researchers report on the use of biomaterials-based organoids in an attempt to reproduce immune-system events and gain a better understanding of B cells.
UCI scientists identify a new approach to recycle greenhouse gas
Using a novel approach involving a key enzyme that helps regulate global nitrogen, University of California, Irvine molecular biologists have discovered an effective way to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) to carbon monoxide (CO) that can be adapted for commercial applications like biofuel synthesis.
Study characterizes key molecular tool in DNA repair enzymes
Oxidative damage to a cell's DNA is constant and destructive and a complex suite of enzymes have evolved to repair and maintain it.
Counseling, antidepressants change personality (for the better), team reports
A review of 207 studies involving more than 20,000 people found that those who engaged in therapeutic interventions were, on average, significantly less neurotic and a bit more extraverted after the interventions than they were beforehand.
NASA study finds solar storms could spark soils at moon's poles
Powerful solar storms can charge up the soil in frigid, permanently shadowed regions near the lunar poles, and may possibly produce 'sparks' that could vaporize and melt the soil, perhaps as much as meteoroid impacts, according to NASA-funded research.
New research offers clues into how the brain shapes perception to control behavior
Some of the visual information our brains receive is potentially misleading.
Researchers find key genetic driver for rare type of triple-negative breast cancer
By developing a new mouse model to study a poorly understood protein, researchers uncovered its link to metaplastic breast cancer, opening the door to better understanding of this challenging breast cancer subtype.
Large-scale tornado outbreaks increasing in frequency, study finds
The frequency of large-scale tornado outbreaks is increasing in the United States, particularly when it comes to the most extreme events, according to research recently published in Science.
BU study finds patterns of biomarkers predict how well people age, risks of age-related disease
Levels of specific biomarkers, or chemicals found in the blood, can be combined to produce patterns that signify how well a person is aging and his or risk for future aging-related diseases, according to a new study by researchers at the Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine and Boston Medical Center.
Researchers design one of strongest, lightest materials known
A team of researchers at MIT has developed one of the strongest lightweight materials known, by compressing to fuse flakes of the two-dimensional form of carbon known as graphene.
You've got mail -- personality differences in email use
The results showed that those of us with a big picture focus are more likely to check our emails on holiday, at the weekend and before and after work than our more matter of fact counterparts.
The U joins national sustainable manufacturing alliance for recycling and remanufacturing
The University of Utah joins the Reducing Embodied-Energy and Decreasing Emissions Institute, a national coalition that aims to drive down the cost of technologies essential to reuse, recycle and remanufacture metals and other materials.
Brazilian study compiles data on 958 types of South American jellyfish
Detailed information on 958 distinct morphological types of jellyfish that inhabit the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of South America has been compiled in a census published in Zootaxa, the leading zoological taxonomy journal.
Historical documents reveal evidence of Japanese winemaking 400-year ago
The history of wine in Japan is short, with full scale brewing beginning only 150 years ago.

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