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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | January 11, 2017


Study describes new method to remove nickel from contaminated seawater
The same deposit that builds up in many tea kettles or water pipes in areas where calcium-rich water is the norm might be just the (cheap) ticket to rid contaminated seawater of toxic metals.
Margaret Werner-Washburne wins the 2016 AAAS Mentor Award for Lifetime Achievement
Margaret Werner-Washburne, Regents Professor Emerita of Biology at the University of New Mexico (UNM) and principal investigator of the UNM-IMSD program, will receive the Lifetime Mentor Award from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
CRISPR gene editing takes on rare immunodeficiency disorder
Researchers have harnessed the CRISPR-Cas9 technology to correct mutations in the blood stem cells of patients with a rare immunodeficiency disorder; the engineered cells successfully engrafted in mice for up to five months.
Tree-bark thickness indicates fire-resistance in a hotter future
A new study has found that trees worldwide develop thicker bark when they live in fire-prone areas.
New guideline on how to map brain prior to epilepsy surgery
Before epilepsy surgery, doctors may consider using brain imaging to locate language and memory functions in the brain instead of the more invasive procedure that is commonly used, according to a guideline published by the American Academy of Neurology in the Jan.
Gun violence in PG-13 movies continues to climb past R-rated films
The amount of gun violence in top-grossing PG-13 movies has continued to exceed the gun violence in the biggest box-office R-rated films, an analysis in Pediatrics shows.
Study finds superhero culture magnifies aggressive, not defending behaviors
A new BYU study found children who frequently engage with superhero culture are more likely to be physically and relationally aggressive one year later and not more likely to be defenders of kids being picked on by bullies.
Connectivity is key for preserving isolated sage-grouse populations
Greater sage-grouse depend on large, intact tracts of the sagebrush habitat.
New study examines the health benefits of blue corn
A new study shows that a rat model of metabolic syndrome fed a high-sugar and high-cholesterol diet and given blue maize extract showed significant improvement in systolic blood pressure, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride levels compared to those not given the extract.
New drug formulary will help expedite use of agents in clinical trials
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) today launched a new drug formulary (the 'NCI Formulary') that will enable investigators at NCI-designated Cancer Centers to have quicker access to approved and investigational agents for use in preclinical studies and cancer clinical trials.
Release of water shakes Pacific Plate at depth
A team of seismologists analyzing the data from 671 earthquakes that occurred between 30 and 280 miles beneath the Earth's surface in the Pacific Plate as it descended into the Tonga Trench were surprised to find a zone of intense earthquake activity in the downgoing slab.
MD Anderson and nation's cancer centers jointly endorse updated HPV vaccine recommendations
As national vaccination rates for the human papillomavirus (HPV) remain low, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has again united with the 68 other National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers in issuing a joint statement endorsing the recently revised vaccination recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Many insured under the Affordable Care Act miss opportunities for financial assistance
A survey by investigators at the Mongan Institute Health Policy Center at Massachusetts General Hospital found that almost one-third of Californians enrolling in individual insurance plans offered under the Affordable Care Act in 2014 potentially missed opportunities to receive financial assistance with either premium payments, out-of-pocket costs or both.
Termite queens' efficient antioxidant system may enable long life
Termite queens have an efficient antioxidant system which may underpin their ability to live longer than non-reproductive termites, according to a study published Jan.
A surprise advance in the treatment of adult cancers
An epigenetic modification that might be the cause of 15% of adult cancers of the throat linked to alcohol and tobacco use was identified.
Rural dementia -- we need to talk
Research carried out by Plymouth University into the experience of dementia in farming and farming families, and its impact on their businesses and home lives, has identified four areas of concern which need to be addressed if dementia in the countryside is to be managed.
Bacterial protein structure could aid development of new antibiotics
Bacterial cells have an added layer of protection, called the cell wall, that animal cells don't.
Customers who receive genetic health data not alarmed by results, find information useful
As consumers have been able to learn more about their genetic makeup in recent years through personal genomic testing, one big criticism has been that without someone to interpret it, the health information could be harmful to the receivers.
Online dating booming but how much does education matter?
Online daters are most likely to contact people with the same level of education as them, but are less fussy about an intellectual match as they get older, according to QUT research.
Ohio State joins national call for HPV vaccination as a means of preventing cancer
Although HPV vaccines can prevent the majority of cervical, anal, oropharyngeal (middle throat) and other genital cancers, vaccination rates remain low across the US, with just 41.9 percent of girls and 28.1 percent of boys completing the recommend vaccine series. papillomavirus (HPV).
Struggle to escape distant galaxies creates giant halos of scattered photons
Astronomers led by David Sobral and Jorryt Matthee, of the Universities of Lancaster in the UK and Leiden in the Netherlands have discovered giant halos around early Milky Way type galaxies, made of photons (elementary particles of light) that have struggled to escape them.
Incentive pay schemes can affect employee well-being
Incentive-related pay schemes can stress rather than motivate employees, according to new research by the University of East Anglia.
This week from AGU: People aren't the only beneficiaries of power plant carbon standards
People aren't the only beneficiaries of power plant carbon standards.
Manipulating signals in bacteria could reduce illnesses
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy has received a five-year, $1.25 million federal grant to continue its research into how bacteria that cause streptococcal infections can be manipulated.
CWRU directly measures how perovskite solar films efficiently convert light to power
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have directly shown that electrons generated when light strikes a well-oriented perovskite film are unrestricted by grain boundaries and travel long distances without deteriorating.
Future Science Group launches Journal of 3-D Printing in Medicine
A new peer-reviewed online and print publication dedicated to addressing all aspects of medical 3-D printing.
Moffitt researchers develop novel treatment to prevent graft-versus-host-disease
Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is the leading cause of non-relapse associated death in patients who receive stem cell transplants.
The moon is older than scientists thought, UCLA-led research team reports
he moon is much older than some scientists believe, a UCLA-led research team reports in the journal Science Advances Jan.
Diabetes impairs activity of bone stem cells in mice, inhibits fracture repair
Stanford researchers found that activating bone stem cells helps repair fractures in diabetic mice.
More older Americans using cannabis, underscoring need for research
Cannabis use among older adults in the US is on the rise, yet there is currently a lack of biomedical, clinical, and public health research to inform policy related to this trend, according to a new article published in The Gerontologist.
WPI researcher wins NSF CAREER Award to study how bacteria survive in stressful conditions
With a five-year, $1.1 million CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Scarlett Shell at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) will study the molecular mechanisms that enable bacteria to endure starvation, lack of oxygen, and other hostile conditions, work that could have a broad impact in a number of fields and provide clues for treatments for infectious diseases, including multi-drug resistant strains of tuberculosis, a major global health threat
Deciphering the beetle exoskeleton with nanomechanics
Northwestern Engineering's Horacio D. Espinosa and his group employed a creative way to identify the geometry and material properties of the fibers that comprise a beetle's exoskeleton.
Strep spreads by harnessing immune defenses of those infected
The bacteria that cause most cases of pneumonia worldwide secrete a toxin that helps them jump from one body to the next -- with help from the hosts' immune defenses.
Study first to connect stress-associated brain activity with cardiovascular risk
A study led by Massachusetts General Hospital and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai investigators has linked, for the first time in humans, activity in a stress-sensitive structure within the brain to the risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease.
Columbia's Dental College and University of Puerto Rico form oral health partnership
The partnership aims to advance oral health through community-based research, education, and patient care.
Antidepressant use increases hip fracture risk among elderly
Antidepressant use nearly doubles the risk of hip fracture among community-dwelling persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.
UTSW scientists identify protein central to immune response against tuberculosis bacteria
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a protein that is central to the immune system's ability to recognize and destroy the bacterium responsible for the global tuberculosis (TB) epidemic.
Robust funding for research and pro-innovation policies on advocates' 2017 wish list
Research!America urges the 115th Congress and Trump Administration to move swiftly on several research and innovation priorities this year to combat deadly and disabling diseases that threaten the health of our nation, economy and global competitiveness.
Grasslands hold potential for increased food production
About 40 percent of natural grasslands worldwide have potential to support increased livestock grazing, according to a new study published in the journal Global Change Biology.
A new cellular frontier
UCSB mechanical engineering professor Otger Campàs receives National Science Foundation Early Career Award.
Bronchial carcinoma: Added benefit of crizotinib not proven
The dossier contains no data or no suitable data on ROS1-positive, advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
Testing breast milk for cannabinoids
With the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana spreading across the country, the drug's use is reportedly increasing among pregnant women.
Stock market fails to predict product performance
Contrary to what many in the business world believe, investors cannot reliably predict how a new product will perform, finds a new study co-authored by a Michigan State University marketing expert.
Updated classification system captures many more people at risk for heart attack
Experts at Johns Hopkins and New York's Mount Sinai Health System have published a suggested new plan for a five-stage system of classifying the risk of heart attack in those with heart disease, one they say puts much-needed and long-absent focus on the risks faced by millions of Americans who pass so-called stress tests or have less obvious or earlier-stage danger signs.
Instagram documents rising hookah use
Social media is giving researchers insight into the rising use of hookah, according to a study from USC.
Important bio-chemical produced on a large scale by E. coli
E. coli cells have now been engineered into producing large quantities of serine, which is used in detergents, tube feeding formula, and as building blocks for many important chemicals.
Study explains how western diet leads to overeating and obesity
More than two in three adults in the United States are considered overweight or obese, with substantial biomedical and clinical evidence suggesting that chronic overconsumption of a 'western diet' -- foods consisting high levels of sugars and fats -- is a major cause of this epidemic.
Affordable water in the US: A burgeoning crisis
If water rates continue rising at projected amounts, the number of US households unable to afford water could triple in five years, to nearly 36 percent, finds new research by a Michigan State University scholar.
Paleontologists classify mysterious ancient cone-shaped sea creatures
One branch on the tree of life is heavier as a team of scientists has determined what a bizarre group of extinct cone-shaped animals actually are.
CTO Summit 2017 will feature latest research and techniques for chronic total occlusions
The Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO) Summit 2017 will feature the latest research and techniques available for interventional cardiologists in this emerging subspecialty of complex coronary artery disease.
How your cozy fleece could be polluting the ocean
Fleece is a wintertime staple but could be contributing to the next big ocean plastics problem: lint.
First study to show chair yoga as effective alternative treatment for osteoarthritis
The first randomized controlled trial to examine the effects of chair yoga on pain and physical function in older adults with osteoarthritis is proving to be an effective way to reduce pain and improve quality of life while avoiding pharmacologic treatment or adverse events for the millions who suffer from the disease in their lower extremities (hip, knee, ankle or foot).
A biosensor is able to detect tumors at early stages
Before a malignant tumor is developed, the immune system tries to fight against proteins that are altered during their formation, producing certain cancer antibodies.
The Lancet: Study unveils how stress may increase risk of heart disease and stroke
Heightened activity in the amygdala -- a region of the brain involved in stress -- is associated with a greater risk of heart disease and stroke, according to a study published in The Lancet that provides new insights into the possible mechanism by which stress can lead to cardiovascular disease in humans.
Should biomedical graduate schools ignore the GRE?
A research team at the UNC School of Medicine found that the Graduate Record Exam (GRE), which is required for admission to graduate and doctorate programs across the country, is not the best indicator for predicting a student's success while pursuing a doctorate in the experimental life sciences.
For men with prostate cancer, emotional distress may lead to more aggressive treatment
The anxiety many men experience after being diagnosed with prostate cancer may lead them to choose potentially unnecessary treatment options, researchers from the University at Buffalo and Roswell Park Cancer Institute report in a new study.
Genetic opposites attract when chimpanzees choose a mate
Duke University researchers find that chimpanzees are more likely to reproduce with mates whose genetic makeup most differs from their own.
Changes to hospital electronic health records could improve care of patients on warfarin
A new study from University of Missouri Health Care has found that using electronic health records can improve the care patients on warfarin receive after they leave the hospital and eliminate potential confusion among care providers and pharmacists.
Researchers discover 'marvel microbes' explaining how cells became complex
In a new study, published in Nature this week, an international research group led from Uppsala University in Sweden presents the discovery of a group of microbes that provide new insights as to how complex cellular life emerged.
Catching CRISPR in action
In November, a research team from the University of North Texas used the Maverick supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to perform the first all-atom molecular dynamics simulations of Cas9-catalyzed DNA cleavage in action.
Scientist gets grant for study of veterans with traumatic brain injuries
The Department of Defense (DoD), under the Joint Warfighter Medical Research Program, awarded a $2.7 million grant to Dr.
Why better choices depend on 'libertarian paternalism'
Nudging people toward better behavior through policy can be effective, but can face resistance if people feel their autonomy is threatened.
Most valuable colleagues: What the NBA can teach us about worker productivity
Some employees could have a halo effect on their peers, according to new research.
NIST physicists 'squeeze' light to cool microscopic drum below quantum limit
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have cooled a mechanical object to a temperature lower than previously thought possible, below the so-called 'quantum limit.'
Can the 'greening' be greener?
The EU introduced the new 'greening' instrument into the Common Agricultural Policy in 2015, with the intention to slow the rapid loss of biodiversity in agricultural areas.
Looking for life in all the right places -- with the right tool
Researchers have invented a range of instruments from giant telescopes to rovers to search for life in outer space, but so far, these efforts have yielded no definitive evidence that it exists beyond Earth.
Inaugural Penn Nurse Innovation Fellows: Jennifer Pinto-Martin, Ph.D., and Leah Moran, M.S.N.
The Fellowship supports nursing faculty and staff to develop an intellectual foundation in innovation methodology and gain expertise in rapidly testing new approaches to enhance health care delivery and patient outcomes.
Rice University physicist earns White House honor
The White House has awarded Rice University physicist Wei Li a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, the government's highest honor for people who have recently begun a research career.
Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation grants prestigious fellowship, Breakthrough Scientist Awards
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, a non-profit organization focused on supporting innovative early career researchers, named 16 new Damon Runyon Fellows at its fall Fellowship Award Committee review.
Gastric acid suppressants linked to hospitalization
New research has found a link between popular heartburn drugs and an increase in the risk of infectious gastroenteritis -- an illness that results in 13.1 million lost days of work in Australia a year.
New Colombian plant discovered by Kew scientist honors Colombian president
A new plant species from Northeastern Colombia has been named Espeletia praesidentis, in honor of efforts made by Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos to build peace in his country after over five decades of conflict.
Contrary to decades of hype, curcumin alone is unlikely to boost health
Curcumin, a compound in turmeric, continues to be hailed as a natural treatment for a wide range of health conditions, including cancer and Alzheimer's disease.
Recreating conditions inside stars with compact lasers
Extreme conditions inside stars can only be recreated in the laboratory through fusion experiments with the world's largest lasers, which are the size of stadiums.
Chemistry on the edge
Defects and jagged surfaces at the edges of nanosized platinum and gold particles are key hot spots for chemical reactivity, researchers confirmed using a unique infrared probe at Berkeley Lab.
One step closer to bringing CO2 capture technology to the marketplace
Capturing CO2 from flue gases poses an enormous challenge, but is critical in ensuring the world keeps CO2 emissions to acceptable levels to combat climate change.
Tumor-seeking salmonella treats brain tumors
Genetic tweaks to salmonella turn the bacteria into cancer-seeking missiles that produce self-destruct orders deep within tumors.
UTSW joins national drive to increase HPV vaccination against cancer
More than a decade after the HPV vaccine was deemed both safe and effective by the FDA for preventing several types of cancer, the vaccine is still underused by those who could benefit.
New laser based on unusual physics phenomenon could improve telecommunications, computing
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated the world's first laser based on an unconventional wave physics phenomenon called bound states in the continuum.
Researchers find a potential target for anti-Alzheimer's treatments
Scientists at the University of Luxembourg have identified a gene that may provide a new starting point for developing treatments for Alzheimer's disease.
A new type of monitoring provides information about the life of bacteria in microdroplets
In the future, it will be possible to carry out tests of new drugs on bacteria much more efficiently using microfluidic devices, since each of the hundreds and thousands of droplets moving through the microchannels can act as separate incubators.
A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections
You can pretty much put a mark in your calendar for when the annual flu epidemic begins.
Using E. coli to detect hormone disruptors in the environment
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have been implicated in the development of obesity, diabetes and cancer and are found in a wide array of products including pesticides, plastics and pharmaceuticals.
Do dogs of all ages respond equally to dog-directed speech?
People tend to talk to dogs as though they are human babies.
'Weak measurement' with strong results
Nuclear spin tomography is an application in (human) medicine known from medical institutions.
Role of protein engineering techniques in synthetic biology
Proteins are the major biochemical workhorses that carry out multitude of physiological functions in an organism.
Scientists pave the way for enhanced detection and treatment of vascular graft infections
A study in the American Journal of Pathology reports the detrimental aftereffects of infected grafts, including the formation of biofilms that can shelter bacteria and function as a source of recurrent infection.
Penn vet research identifies new target for taming Ebola
A team of scientists led by Ronald Harty, a professor of pathobiology and microbiology at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Veterinary Medicine, has identified a mechanism that appears to represent one way that host cells have evolved to outsmart infection by Ebola and other viruses.
NASA sees Pineapple Express deliver heavy rains, flooding to California
California which has long been suffering through a strong, multi-year drought, is finally beginning to see some much needed relief as a result of a recent series of storms that are part of a weather pattern known as the 'Pineapple Express.'
NIH scientists repair gene defect in stem cells from patients with rare immunodeficiency
Scientists have developed a new approach to repair a defective gene in blood-forming stem cells from patients with a rare genetic immunodeficiency disorder called X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD).
Researchers use nature's weaving formula to engineer advanced functional materials
For the first time, UNSW biomedical engineers have woven a 'smart' fabric that mimics the sophisticated and complex properties of one nature's ingenious materials, the bone tissue periosteum.
'Pedal bin machine' of gut bacteria revealed
Researchers shed new light on the functioning of human gut bacteria, revealing how nutrients are transported into the bacterial cell.
Scientists discover world's largest tropical peatland in remote Congo swamps
A vast peatland in the Congo Basin has been mapped for the first time, revealing it to be the largest in the tropics.
Grant will train future paleontologists, shed light on early Cenozoic mammals
A grant from the David B. Jones Foundation will help to develop a new generation of paleontologists, enabling students to pursue fieldwork in locations such as Wyoming and Turkey.
'Gene-silencing' technique is a game-changer for crop protection
Researchers at the University of Surrey and University of Queensland have developed a revolutionary new crop protection technique which offers an environmentally-friendly alternative to genetically-modified crops and chemical pesticides.
Our galaxy's black hole is spewing out planet-size 'spitballs'
Every few thousand years, an unlucky star wanders too close to the black hole at the center of the Milky Way.
Cost, technology issues are barriers to real-time cancer patient symptom reporting
In a perspective published in the New England Journal of Medicine, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researcher Ethan Basch, M.D., M.Sc., addressed the need for -- and the barriers preventing -- electronic reporting of patients' symptoms between visits.
The promise and peril of emerging reproductive technologies
In a newly published commentary, a trio of scholars argue that while in vitro gametogenesis carries a promise to unravel the fundamental mechanisms of devastating genetic forms of infertility and to pave the way to a range of new therapies, the technique also raises a number of vexing legal and ethical questions that society should address before IVG becomes ready for prime-time clinical use in human patients.
Farthest stars in Milky Way might be ripped from another galaxy
The 11 farthest known stars in our galaxy are located about 300,000 light-years from Earth, well outside the Milky Way's spiral disk.
Pumping iron is good for the heart, UBC researchers show
Just one session of interval weight-training can improve the risk of Type 2 diabetes complications, according to a UBC Okanagan study.
Double fish production while preserving biodiversity -- can it be done?
A new resolution to establish National Aquaculture Development Centre in Tanzania could help tackle poverty and undernutrition.
Eucalypts spotlight biosecurity failures
For more than 100 years, eucalypts -- woody plants that range in size from shrubs to trees -- have been transported from their natural ecosystems in Australia to plantations across the globe.
Yoga may have health benefits for people with chronic non-specific lower back pain
A new systematic review, published in the Cochrane Library today, suggests that yoga may lead to a reduction in pain and functional ability in people with chronic non-specific lower back pain over the short term, compared with no exercise.
UAV performs first ever perched landing using machine learning algorithms
The very first unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to perform a perched landing using machine learning algorithms has been developed in partnership with the University of Bristol and BMT Defence Services.
First look inside nanoscale catalysts shows 'defects' are useful
Peering for the first time into the workings of tiny chemical catalysts, scientists observed that the 'defective' structure on their edges enhances their reactivity and effectiveness.
Report recommends new framework for estimating the social cost of carbon
To estimate the social cost of carbon dioxide for use in regulatory impact analyses, the federal government should use a new framework that would strengthen the scientific basis, provide greater transparency, and improve characterization of the uncertainties of the estimates, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Columbia, NewYork-Presbyterian and non-profit Life Raft Group form cancer partnership
Collaboration will investigate the efficacy of a system biology approach to identifying treatment options for patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
DNA duplicator small enough to hold in your hand
Vanderbilt engineers have developed a new method for duplicating DNA that makes devices small enough to hold in your hand that are capable of identifying infectious agents before symptoms appear.
How to inflate a hardened concrete shell with a weight of 80 tons
At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed.
Why Lyme disease is common in the north, rare in the south
When it's hot and not too muggy, Lyme disease-bearing black-legged ticks avoid desiccation by hiding out where people don't tread.
New therapeutic target against persistent viral infections
Life is a question of balance, and the body is no exception.
Baboon vocalizations contain five vowel-like sounds comparable to those of human speech
An acoustical analysis of the grunts, barks, wahoos, copulation calls, and yaks from baboons shows that, like people who use several vowels during speech, these nonhuman primates make five distinct vowel-like sounds, according to a study published Jan.
Nutritional quality of kids' menus at chain restaurants not improving
US chain restaurants participating in a National Restaurant Association initiative to improve the nutritional quality of their children's menus have made no significant changes compared with restaurants not participating in the program, according to a new study led by Harvard T.H.
Remembering where to get high
Addiction-related memories are exceptionally strong and stable, suggesting that addictive drugs remodel the brain's circuitry in a prominent and lasting way.
Cheery robots may make creepy companions, but could be intelligent assistants
Cheery robots may give people the creeps and serious robots may actually ease anxiety depending on how users perceive the robot's role in their lives, according to an international team of researchers.
USDA announces $540,000 to support people with disabilities in agriculture
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $540,000 in available funding for State and regional projects that provide education, assistive technology and other support to current and prospective farmers and ranchers with disabilities.
A novel cancer immunotherapy shows early promise in preclinical studies
In the Dec. 15, 2016 issue of Cancer Research, scientists at the Medical University of South Carolina report that GARP, a TGF-beta cell surface receptor, could be a novel diagnostic marker for breast, colon, and lung cancer.
New genes identified that regulate the spread of cancers
Research led by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute has discovered a new biological target for drugs to reduce the spread of tumours in cancer patients.
Pressures from grazers hastens ecosystem collapse from drought
Ecosystem collapse from extreme drought can be significantly hastened by pressures placed on drought-weakened vegetation by grazers and fungal pathogens, a new Duke-led study finds.
Researchers use stem cells to regenerate the external layer of a human heart
A process using human stem cells can generate the cells that cover the external surface of a human heart -- epicardium cells -- according to a multidisciplinary team of researchers.
Northeast US temperatures are decades ahead of global average
Results of a new study by researchers at the Northeast Climate Science Center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst suggest that temperatures across the northeastern United States will increase much faster than the global average, so that the 2 degrees Celsius warming target adopted in the recent Paris Agreement on climate change will be reached about 20 years earlier for this part of the US compared to the world as a whole.
Dengue and Zika virus family uses an unexpected approach to hijack human cell machinery
A group of researchers in Germany have discovered that flaviviruses -- a family that includes Dengue, Zika and West Nile viruses -- use an unexpected mechanism to hijack the cell's machinery to replicate themselves compared to many other RNA viruses.
Psychology: Playful people are at an advantage
Adults can positively utilize their inclination towards playfulness in many situations.
Paper examines potential -- for better or worse -- of 'in vitro gametogenesis'
In Science Translational Medicine, three experts discusses the implications of a lab technology -- already far along in mice -- that could allow for the creation of fertilized embryos using sperm and eggs derived from non-reproductive body tissues.

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