Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 13, 2017
Clean-fuel cookstoves may improve cardiovascular health in pregnant women
Replacing biomass and kerosene cookstoves used throughout the developing world with clean-burning ethanol stoves may reduce hypertension and cardiovascular risk in pregnant women, according to new research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Researchers develop environmentally friendly soy air filter
A new soy-based air filter developed by WSU engineering researchers can capture toxic chemicals such as carbon monoxide and formaldehyde, which often escape other types of filters.

Targeted therapy for sleep disorders helps patients with muscular dystrophy
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most common adult muscular dystrophy, and many patients with DM1 suffer from various sleep and respiratory disorders.

Kazan University research may help speed up express testing
The compound created during the research can selectively detect nitrated derivatives in three hours, which is approximately eight imes faster in comparison with existing methods.

Scientists proposed a novel regional path tracking scheme for autonomous ground vehicles
Path tracking is an important issue for autonomous ground vehicles.

Workouts with fewer reps could yield better results
Time-poor people who do fewer repetitions during high-intensity interval training (HIIT) workouts may get better fitness benefits than those who complete more, according to a University of Stirling analysis.

How the darkness and the cold killed the dinosaurs
66 million years ago, the sudden extinction of the dinosaurs started the ascent of the mammals, ultimately resulting in humankind's reign on Earth.

Giant Middle East dust storm caused by a changing climate, not human conflict
Researchers have concluded that the most likely cause of a giant dust storm that struck the Middle East in 2015 was climate and unusual weather rather than conflict.

Depression as hard on the heart as obesity and cholesterol
Depression poses a risk for cardiovascular diseases in men that is just as great as that posed by high cholesterol levels and obesity.

Soil fungi help tree seedlings survive, influence forest diversity
A new paper published Jan. 13 in Science reveals that the relationship between soil fungi and tree seedlings is more complicated than previously known.

Sensory stimuli control dopamine in the brain
In their study of fish larvae, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Driever and his team of neurobiologists at the University of Freiburg discovered that a group of nerve cells in the forebrain release the neurotransmitter dopamine when activated by tactile or certain visual stimuli.

American Cancer Society awards Medal of Honor for contributions to saving more lives from cancer
Three outstanding individuals have been honored with the American Cancer Society Medal of Honor Award.

Teens unlikely to be harmed by moderate digital screen use
Parents and pediatricians alike may worry about the effects of teens' screen time, but new findings from over 120,000 adolescents in the UK indicate that the relationship between screen time and well-being is weak at best, even at high levels of digital engagement.

NUS researchers achieve major breakthrough in flexible electronics
A team of scientists from the National University of Singapore has successfully developed conducting polymer films that can provide unprecedented ohmic contacts to give superior performance in plastic electronics, including organic light-emitting diodes, solar cells and transistors.

NIAID officials call for continued Zika research
Although cases of Zika virus infection appear to be decreasing, the mosquito-borne virus likely will become endemic in the Americas.

Researchers quantify in high speed a viper's strike in nature for the first time
The antagonistic predator-prey relationship is of interest to evolutionary biologists because it often leads to extreme adaptations in both the predator and prey.

Riggs receives grant for MRI-based characterization of complex psychopathology research
The Austen Riggs Center has received a major grant from philanthropists Bill and Deborah Ryan to launch a research program, MRI-based Characterization of Complex Psychopathology.

Older adults walk more for money and opportunity to donate to charity
Personal and social goals may be effective in motivating older adults to exercise, according to a study this month in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Funding for development of new strategies to treat and prevent hepatitis C virus
Current drug treatments for hepatitis C virus are prohibitively expensive and have limiting side effects and achieve sustained clearance of the virus in only 50-60 percent of patients.

3-D scans for the automotive industry
How does an automotive assembly line have to be retrofitted for a change of model?

Cleverly designed tuberculosis vaccine shows promise in mice
A clever new tuberculosis vaccine has shown promise in trials in mice.

MIA transport protein no longer missing in action
John Innes Centre scientists have made a breakthrough in understanding how valuable anti-cancer compounds are produced in the Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus)

Treatment strategy provides mental health benefits to war trauma survivors
A study shows that a certain intervention called testimony therapy plus ceremony reduced symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression among Khmer Rouge torture survivors from across Cambodia.

Study finds association between eating hot peppers and decreased mortality
A large prospective study has found that consumption of hot red chili peppers is associated with a 13 percent reduction in total mortality.

Common epilepsies share genetic overlap with rare types
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian showed that several genes implicated in rare forms of pediatric epilepsy also contribute to common forms of the disorder.

Nigeria: Clean-burning stoves improve health for new mothers
In a clinical trial in Nigeria that replaced biomass and kerosene cookstoves with clean-burning ethanol stoves, researchers were able to reduce by two-thirds the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease in pregnant women.

American Cancer Society honors Dr. William Breitbart with the Trish Greene Quality of Life Award
Outstanding volunteer William Breitbart, M.D. has been honored with the 2017 American Cancer Society Trish Greene Quality of Life Award, a prestigious national honor that recognizes an outstanding individual who dedicates a significant portion of their career to research that improves the quality of life for cancer patients and their families.

American Cancer Society honors exemplary cancer caregivers with Lane W. Adams Quality of Life Award
Six outstanding individuals have been honored with the American Cancer Society Lane W.

Older, fitter adults experience greater brain activity while learning
Older adults who experience good cardiac fitness may be also keeping their brains in good shape as well.

Reducing the radioresistance of cancer
Researchers from Kumamoto University in Japan have discovered that some cancer cells are protected from radiation therapy through an interaction of interleukin-6 with the Nrf2-antioxidant pathway.

What makes erionite carcinogenic?
The mineral erionite is considered to be highly carcinogenic. Up to now it has been thought that iron as a constituent element of the mineral erionite is the reason for the carcinogenic effect.

Composite material for water purification
Fresh, clean water coming directly from the tap is a true luxury.

Thinking of changing your behavior in 2017? Try moving first
According to research being presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) Annual Convention the time for successful habit change isn't based on the calendar, but on big changes to our everyday lives like moving to a new home.

ACR applauds FDA guidance requiring distinct names and suffixes for biosimilars
The American College of Rheumatology today applauded final guidance from the Food and Drug Administration recommending distinct suffixes for biosimilars and reference biologics, which rheumatologists say will be critical to ensuring patient safety and prescriber confidence in the era of biosimilars.

CO2, the philosopher's stone to obtain valuable pharmaceuticals
Starting from readily available materials and CO2, ICIQ researchers prepare useful building blocks named 'cyclic carbonates' that can be converted into valuable pharmaceuticals like Tamiflu®.

NASA analyzes heavy rainfall over Southern Thailand
Widespread flooding has recently caused the deaths of dozens of people in southern Thailand.

Scientists reprogram embryonic stem cells to expand their potential cell fates
Pluripotent stem cells can develop into most tissues of the organism, but they cannot develop into extra-embryonic tissue -- the placenta or yolk sac, for example --- like the one-celled fertilized egg or two-celled zygote.

Exeter research helps protect loggerhead turtles
A long-running research and conservation project is helping save an at-risk species of turtle.

Your cell phone could curb the intensity of your workout
Talking or texting on a cell phone during exercise will lower the intensity of a workout and also affect balance.

Bloodstream infections: Most common type of health care-associated infections in children
A study published by The Lancet Infectious Diseases establishes the prevalence and type of health care-associated infections (HAIs) in children in Europe and describes risk factors for infection in this population.

Diagnostic breakthrough: 'Shaking piglets' attributed to previously unidentified virus
Symptoms of tremors and shaking in newborn piglets are not a sign that the animals are cold, but rather that they are suffering from a specific viral infection.

American Cancer Society honors James W. Murray with the Volunteer Leadership Award
James W. Murray from Durham, NC has been honored with the Volunteer Leadership Award, a prestigious national honor for volunteers with extraordinary contributions to the fight against cancer through humanitarian, distinguished service, and leadership.

Are herders and livestock bad for rare wildlife? It's complicated.
The Denver Zoological Foundation, WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and other partners have published a paper appearing in the early view edition of Conservation Biology that looks at the positive and negative relationships occurring between pastoralists, livestock, native carnivores and native herbivores in the world's largest unfenced grassland and desert.

Processing speed training can improve cognitive ability and lift depression in the elderly
Researchers have developed a new processing speed training game which has positive effects on the cognitive functions and mental health of elderly people.

Arabica coffee genome sequenced
University of California, Davis, researchers today announce the sequencing of the genome of Coffea arabica, the species responsible for more than 70 percent of global coffee production.

Hubble gazes into a black hole of puzzling lightness
The beautiful spiral galaxy visible in the center of the image is known as RX J1140.1+0307, a galaxy in the Virgo constellation imaged by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, and it presents an interesting puzzle.

Deep mantle chemistry surprise: Carbon content not uniform
Even though carbon is one of the most-abundant elements on Earth, it is actually very difficult to determine how much of it exists below the surface in Earth's interior.

USDA announces $3 million for colleges serving Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $3 million in available funding to support Alaska Native- and Native Hawaiian-Serving (ANNH) colleges and universities.

Scientists engineer animals with ancient genes to test causes of evolution
Scientists at the University of Chicago have created the first genetically modified animals containing reconstructed ancient genes, which they used to test the evolutionary effects of genetic changes that happened in the deep past on the animals' biology and fitness.

NASA's Terra Satellite sees a spark of life in former Tropical Depression 01W's remnants
NASA's Terra satellite recently analyzed the remnant low pressure area previously known as Tropical Depression 01W in infrared light as it showed a spark of new activity.

Scientists develop new wheat-wheatgrass hybrid
With a hybrid crop called Salish Blue, scientists at Washington State University have combined wheat and wheatgrass in a new species with the potential to help Pacific Northwest farmers and the environment.

UTHealth neonatal researcher funded by NIH to study plastic products used in NICUs
The impact of the chemicals in the plastic products used in pediatric intensive care units will be the focus of a new $1 million study led by Andrea Duncan, M.D., M.S.ClinRes, associate professor at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) and an attending physician with Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital.

A chemical-biological strategy for microRNA target identification
Chen-Yu Zhang's group at Nanjing University reports photo-clickable miRNAs as probes for intracellular target identification of miRNAs.

Biofuel matchmaker: Finding the perfect algae for renewable energy
A new streamlined process could quickly pare down heaps of algae species into just a few that hold the most promise for making biofuel.

Pig gene advance could boost sperm stocks from prized animals
Gene-editing techniques could help to improve stocks of farmed pigs by boosting supplies of sperm from prized sires.

Sensory stimuli control dopamine in the brain
Type and intensity of stimuli control the activity of nerve cells that release the neurotransmitter dopamine.

NIFA announces $858,500 in funding to foster the agricultural science workforce
The talent pipeline for the agricultural workforce begins well before college, and today the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture announced the availability of $858,500 in funding to strengthen K-14 education in the food, agriculture, natural resources, and human (FANH) sciences.

MED-EL convenes global hearing researchers for age-related hearing loss workshop
Leading scientists and hearing experts from around the world will gather for a scientific workshop sponsored by hearing implant leader MED-EL.

Increased cooperation between preschool and CHC to identify children with mental health
It is beneficial to systematise the exchange of information between parents, preschool and child care centres (CHCs) to increase the focus on young children with mental health problems.

Adaptive management of soil conservation is essential to improving water quality
The quality of our rivers and lakes could be placed under pressure from harmful levels of soluble phosphorus, despite well-intended measures to reduce soil erosion and better manage and conserve farmland for crop production, a new study shows.

LSUhealthNO's Gilpin only one in Louisiana chosen for high US government honor
Nicholas W. Gilpin, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physiology and Associate Director of the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Center of Excellence at LSU Health New Orleans, is the only Louisiana recipient of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers awarded by President Obama on Jan.

Multiregional brain on a chip
Harvard University researchers have developed a multiregional brain-on-a-chip that models the connectivity between three distinct regions of the brain.

Anatomy of a global sea level event during the hot greenhouse climate of the dinosaur age
A recent study investigates the timing and extent of sea level falls during the late Cenomanian through Turonian, especially the largest of those events, sequence boundary KTu4, which occurred during the middle to late Turonian peak of the Cretaceous hot greenhouse climate.

Children gain more weight when parents see them as 'overweight'
Children whose parents considered them to be 'overweight' tended to gain more weight over the following decade compared with children whose parents thought they were a 'normal' weight, according to analyses of data from two nationally representative studies.

American College of Physicians further dismayed by today's House vote
The American College of Physicians is further dismayed at today's House vote, which sets in motion the first step in the process of repealing essential coverage and patient protections established by the Affordable Care Act.

How to be a winner in the game of evolution
A new study by University of Arizona biologists helps explain why different groups of animals differ dramatically in their number of species, and how this is related to differences in their body forms and ways of life.

Improving the view on the genetic causes of retinitis pigmentosa
Scientists have discovered that mutations in REEP6 -- a gene that until now had not been associated with a human disease -- can explain some of the cases of retinitis pigmentosa that lacked a genetic diagnosis.

Scientists have mapped the genome of dangerous malaria vectors
Researchers have completed work on the physical mapping of the genome of one of the malaria vectors in Central and South America -- the malaria mosquito Anopheles albimanus.

The global toll of fetal alcohol syndrome
Worldwide, an estimated 119,000 children are born with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) each year, a new study from Canada's Centre for Addiction and Mental Health shows. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to