Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 18, 2017
What humans and primates both know when it comes to numbers
University of Rochester researchers have found that adults and children in the US, adults from a 'low numeracy' tribe in Bolivia and rhesus monkeys ALL possessed the ability to distinguish between large and small quantities of objects, regardless of the surface area they occupy.

Gene that enables memories, sense of direction produces schizophrenia-like symptoms when mutated
Mutations in a gene that should enable memories and a sense of direction instead can result in imprecise communication between neurons that contributes to symptoms of schizophrenia, scientists report.

A toolkit for transformable materials
Harvard researchers have developed a general framework to design reconfigurable metamaterials.

Improved measurements of antiproton's magnetic moment deepen mystery of baryonic asymmetry
In work published in Nature Communications, scientists have found, using a sophisticated technique that involves trapping individual particles in a magnetic device, that the magnetic moment of the antiproton is extremely close to that of the proton, with six-fold higher accuracy than before.

New Marcellus development boom will triple greenhouse gas emissions from PA's natural gas
Natural gas production on Pennsylvania's vast black shale deposit known as the Marcellus Shale will nearly double by 2030 to meet growing demand, tripling Pennsylvania's greenhouse gas emissions from the natural gas sector relative to 2012 levels, according to a report published today by Delaware Riverkeeper Network.

'Pay no attention to that man behind the curtain'
The Wizard of Oz told Dorothy to 'pay no attention to that man behind the curtain' in an effort to distract her, but a new Princeton University study sheds light on how people learn and make decisions in real-world situations.

Motivation of students in special education improves if they use gestures with computers
The motivation for and involvement in learning among students with special educational needs improve through the use of gestural movements of the body rather than devices such as the mouse or the keyboard when they interact with computer programs of a pedagogical nature.

Rice's Baker Institute releases policy recommendations for the Trump administration
Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy has released policy recommendations for President-elect Donald Trump's administration, which includes science and health care.

Faster recharging batteries possible after new insights
Faster recharging lithium batteries could be developed after scientists figured out why adding charged metal atoms to tunnel structures within batteries improves their performance.

International effort announced to try to save the world's most endangered marine mammal
An ambitious, emergency plan to help save the vaquita porpoise from extinction in the northern Gulf of California has been recommended by the International Committee for the Recovery of the Vaquita (CIRVA).

Researchers find seafloor valleys below West Antarctic glaciers
Glaciologists have uncovered large valleys in the ocean floor beneath some of the massive glaciers flowing into the Amundsen Sea in West Antarctica.

Osaka University's professor, Dr. Shimon Sakaguchi receives Crafoord Prize
On Wednesday, Jan. 11, 2017, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced that the Crafoord Prize would be awarded to Professor Shimon Sakaguchi of the Immunology Frontier Research Center (IFReC).

NTU Singapore and NXP Semiconductors launch Singapore's first Smart Mobility consortium
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and NXP Semiconductors N.V., the world-leading automotive semiconductor supplier in secure connected cars, have launched Singapore's first Smart Mobility Consortium to focus on testing and developing smart mobility technologies.

In Rett syndrome model, team shows how adult learning is impaired in females
In mouse models of Rett syndrome -- which in humans is seen overwhelmingly in females -- researchers have demonstrated how failure of Mecp2, the mouse equivalent of the human gene of the same name, has biological consequences that prevent adult females from learning how to gather newborn pups in the days immediately following the pups' birth.

Jane Qiu and Jane Palmer awarded EGU Science Journalism Fellowship
The European Geosciences Union (EGU) has named journalists Jane Qiu and Jane Palmer as the winners of its 2017 Science Journalism Fellowship.

Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in the ICU -- experts debate ethical issues
Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia is a topic of intense debate in society, not least among critical care medicine specialists, who treat many patients at or near the end of life.

Structure of atypical cancer protein paves way for drug development
A team of researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has helped uncover the elusive structure of a cancer cell receptor protein that can be leveraged to fight disease progression.

New insights in genetic defect allow prevention of fatal illnesses in children
A team of scientists led by Professor Adrian Liston and Professor Isabelle Meyts were able to characterize a new genetic immunodeficiency resulting from a mutation in a gene named STAT2.

Ultra-precise chip-scale sensor detects unprecedentedly small changes at the nanoscale
A team from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has demonstrated an on-chip sensor capable of detecting unprecedentedly small frequency changes, demonstrating a record-high sensing precision on a device with a small footprint that can be integrated with standard CMOS technology, and paving the way for even more exciting measurements such as single particle detection and high precision chip scale thermometry.

Soft robot could aid failing hearts by mimicking healthy cardiac muscles
Every year about 2,100 people receive heart transplants in the United States, while 5.7 million suffer from heart failure.

Study provides new evidence on role of person-to person transmission in drug-resistant TB
A study of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB)in KwaZulu province, South Africa, builds on a growing body of evidence showing person-to-person transmission, not just inadequate treatment, is driving the spread of XDR TB.

What's behind the durian fruit's notorious stench
Most people who have tried durian either love it or hate it.

UTSW researchers identify novel mechanism that protects pancreas from digestive enzymes
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have uncovered the mechanism by which the stress hormone FGF21 keeps digestive enzymes from damaging the pancreas.

More sprints in top-class football necessitates new and individualized training routines
Today's top-class football is characterised by more short sprints than in the past.

Mighty river, mighty filter
Researchers are reviving one of the Mississippi River's main filters: the floodplain.

Study identifies molecular signal for maintaining adult neuron
Research points to a better understanding of how the structure of nerve cells in the adult hippocampus may deteriorate, which can lead to Alzheimer's disease and other neurological disorders.

Changes in blood-brain barrier, intestinal permeability found in individuals with autism
A Massachusetts General Hospital study finds reduced expression of genes involved in integrity of the blood-brain barrier, intestinal barrier in those with autism spectrum disorder.

Mars and Venus on the therapist's couch
That is one of the findings of a study by Katie Holloway from the University of Portsmouth and colleagues being presented today, Thursday Jan.

Mount Sinai researchers involved in successful phase 3 trial of drug for liver cancer
An international phase 3 trial has found that the drug regorafenib improved survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, a form of liver cancer, giving people who previously had no other options a better chance at survival.

Heartbeat could be used as password to access electronic health records
Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have devised a new way to protect personal electronic health records using a patient's own heartbeat.

Lap band surgery benefits very obese adolescents
Lap band surgery has significant benefits for severely obese teenagers and, despite its controversial nature, should still be considered as a first option to manage obesity during adolescence, a new study has found.

NIAID flu experts examine evolution of avian influenza
In a new commentary published online in Emerging Infectious Diseases, two leading influenza experts from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, examine how the evolution of proteins found on the surfaces of flu viruses has impacted their ability to infect migratory birds and poultry and cause avian disease.

Killer debt: Study shows link between debt and mortality rates
A new study from the University of Colorado Denver shows a direct link between financial strain and increased risk of death, a finding with potentially major implications for both economic and health care policy.

New guidelines seek to promote family-centered care in the ICU
Critical illness is a stressful and traumatic experience that may have lasting effects on the health of patients and families, even months after discharge from the intensive care unit.

Global partnership launched to prevent epidemics with new vaccines
A global coalition to create new vaccines for emerging infectious diseases, designed to help give the world an insurance policy against epidemics, launches today at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

Harnessing the energy of fireworks for fuel
The world relies heavily on gasoline and other hydrocarbons to power its cars and trucks.

Soft robots hug the heart to help pump blood
An implantable soft-robotic device could help failing hearts pump blood by giving the organ gentle squeezes, mimicking the natural motion of cardiac muscle, a new study reveals.

USDA announces $18.9 million available to support agricultural education at 1890s land-grant institutions
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $18.9 million in funding for eligible 1890 land-grant colleges and universities to obtain or improve agricultural and food sciences facilities and equipment.

UCSF, Intel join forces to develop deep learning analytics for health care
UC San Francisco's Center for Digital Health Innovation (CDHI) today announced a collaboration with Intel Corporation to deploy and validate a deep learning analytics platform designed to improve care.

Gunshot victims in Cook County 'under-triaged' to community hospitals
Only one in six Cook County gunshot patients with injuries serious enough for treatment in a designated trauma center are taken to these specialized hospitals, according to a new report in JAMA Surgery.

Special issue highlights research at UM Schools of Medicine and Dentistry
New research by scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the University of Maryland School of Dentistry, is highlighted in a special issue of Pathogens and Disease.

New dental implant with built-in reservoir reduces risk of infections
A multidisciplinary team of researchers at KU Leuven has developed a dental implant that gradually releases drugs from a built-in reservoir.

Northwell Health's Feinstein Institute discovers cancer treatment for transplant patients
Kenar D. Jhaveri, M.D., and Richard Barnett, M.D., Feinstein Institute for Medical Research scientists and Northwell Health Department of Internal Medicine nephrologists, published a Letter to the Editor in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, which profiles a novel drug combination with the potential to help prevent rejection of a donor kidney in transplant patients undergoing cancer treatment.

A quark like no other
A University of Iowa physicist is at the forefront of the search to confirm the existence of a particle believed to give mass to all matter.

ACR sends letter to Congress outlining health care reform priorities
The American College of Rheumatology sent a letter to Congressional leaders ahead of actions on health policy, urging lawmakers to adopt a health-care reform plan that is consistent with the ACR's priority of affordable and accessible health care for Americans living with rheumatic diseases.

Intense industrial fishing
A new study by the Bren School examines how China maintains large catches and what it means for fishery management elsewhere

UCI researchers map oceanic troughs below ice sheets in West Antarctica
University of California, Irvine glaciologists have uncovered large oceanic valleys beneath some of the massive glaciers flowing into the Amundsen Sea in West Antarctica.

Chapman Perelman Foundation domestic violence gift awarded to Columbia Psychiatry
The Chapman Perelman Foundation has contributed $1 million to Columbia University Medical Center's Department of Psychiatry to expand an initiative that provides mental health services to victims of domestic violence.

One year of sex-inclusive research celebrated at Jan. 25 symposium
The Sex Inclusion in Biomedical Research Workshop and Symposium, which celebrates the one-year anniversary of the implementation of the National Institutes of Health's landmark sex-inclusion policy, will take place Jan.

Mitochondrial DNA shows past climate change effects on gulls
To understand the present and future, we have to start with the past.

Researchers discover severe side effects of approved multiple sclerosis medication
The multiple sclerosis (MS) therapy alemtuzumab can trigger severe, unpredictable side effects.

Heavy alcohol use in adolescence alters brain electrical activity
Long-term heavy use of alcohol in adolescence alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital.

Swamphens signal dominance through fleshy faces
What's in a face? In addition to their plumage, Pukeko -- large purple swamphens found in New Zealand -- convey information about their status through their faces.

Protein from injured neurons predicts brain recovery after out-of-hospital heart attack
The biomarker neuron-specific enolase is a strong predictor of brain recovery in heart attack patients who are unconscious for three or more days, according to a study published Jan.

Artificial fingertip that 'feels' wins international robotics competition
An open-source 3-D-printed fingertip that can 'feel' in a similar way to the human sense of touch has won an international Soft Robotics competition for its contribution to soft robotics research.

Soft robot helps the heart beat
Harvard University and Boston Children's Hospital researchers have developed a customizable soft robot that fits around a heart and helps it beat, potentially opening new treatment options for people suffering from heart failure.

High-donor-volume hospitals recover more transplantable organs per donor
Hospitals that manage the highest volume of deceased organ donors are 52 percent more likely to recover an above-average number of transplantable organs per donor compared with low-volume hospitals, according to results from a new study conducted across three US donation regions.

Climate change prompts Alaska fish to change breeding behavior
A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska's most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.

PPMD awards $600,000 to NJIT and Talem for Duchenne muscular dystrophy exoskeleton
Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (PPMD), a nonprofit organization leading the fight to end Duchenne muscular dystrophy, today announced a $600,000 grant to be awarded to the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Talem Technologies as part of the organization's ongoing exploration of robotic technology to assist people living with Duchenne.

NIFA announces $1.85 million for potato breeding research
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced the availability of $1.85 million in funding for regional potato breeding research to support development of superior-performing varieties that can be brought to market as soon as possible.

Healthy concession stand makeovers are a game changer
Concession stands at school sporting events are often overlooked by those advocating for healthy school food.

Gestational diabetes increases risk for postpartum depression
Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and the Karolinska Institutet have found that gestational diabetes raises the risk of postpartum depression in first-time mothers.

New MSU research addresses gap between research and practice in sustainable agriculture
Michigan State University-led research has found a big difference in the yields produced by alternative agricultural practices in commercial fields compared with the same practices in the small experimental plots ordinarily used to test them.

UC3M receives the HR Excellence in Research Award
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid has received the HR Excellence in Research Award, a distinction bestowed by the European Commission as public recognition of research institutions that have made progress in aligning their human resources policies with the principles set out in the European Charter and Code for researchers.

New data show heightened risk of birth defects with antidepressants
A new Université de Montréal study in the British Medical Journal reveals that antidepressants prescribed to pregnant women could increase the chance of having a baby with birth defects.

Biosimilars create opportunities for sustainable cancer care
Biosimilars create opportunities for sustainable cancer care, says the European Society for Medical Oncology in a position paper published in ESMO Open.

High percentage of gunshot injuries in Chicagoland not treated at designated trauma centers
In Cook County, Illinois, which has 19 trauma centers, nearly one-third of gunshot wounds from 2009 to 2013 were treated outside of designated trauma centers, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Comparing beach umbrella vs. SPF 100 sunscreen to protect beachgoers from sun
How did sun protection compare for people who spent 3.5 hours on a sunny beach with some under an umbrella and others wearing SPF 100 sunscreen?

Researchers discover greenhouse bypass for nitrogen
An international team discovers that production of a potent greenhouse gas can be bypassed as soil nitrogen breaks down into unreactive atmospheric N2.

Iron-fortified nutrition bars combat anemia in India
An iron supplement bar given to anemic women in and around Mumbai, India, led to increased hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, reducing anemia, with no reported side effects, according to a study by Duke University researchers and collaborators in India.

Rheumatology leaders say FDA biosimilar interchangeability guidance a balanced approach
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released a draft guidance on biosimilar interchangeability titled 'Considerations in Demonstrating Interchangeability With a Reference Product' that leaders at the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) believe may address many of the safety and efficacy concerns physicians have raised over the past year.

Five-minute chats in the waiting room may prompt families to eat more fruits and vegetables
Low-income families were more likely to use their federal food assistance on nutritious food after learning that their dollars can be doubled for more fruits and vegetables, a new study finds.

UK's Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund announces latest grant awards
Five research projects with potential to make a real difference to tackling pancreatic cancer have been awarded grants by the UK charity Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund, worth over £800,000 in total.

New research on shallow warm clouds will advance climate models, weather forecasts
David Mechem is leading a new $525,000, three-year grant from the US Department of Energy to better understand the fundamental processes governing the behavior of shallow clouds.

New avenue for anti-depressant therapy discovered
Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety.

How estrogen modulates fear learning
Low estrogen levels may make women more susceptible to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), while high estrogen levels may be protective.

Contracts signed for ELT mirrors and sensors
At a ceremony today at ESO's Headquarters four contracts were signed for major components of the Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) that ESO is building.

Actress Kathy Bates to be honored at Research!America's Advocacy Awards Dinner
Kathy Bates, award-winning actress and Lymphatic Education & Research Network (LE&RN) spokesperson, will receive Research!America's Isadore Rosenfeld Award for Impact on Public Opinion for raising the visibility of lymphedema and lymphatic diseases and advocating tirelessly on behalf of the patient community.

Mapping the mind of worms
Dr. Kevin Collins carefully places a petri dish with what looks like a blotch of yellowish slime under a microscope.

Virtual renaissance
In a research project science historian Dr. Andreas Christoph of Friedrich Schiller University Jena together with IT specialists, physicists, culture and museum experts, aims to establish a new form of documentation.

Soft robot can help a heart to pump
An innovative soft robotic sleeve which can help a heart to beat has been developed by researchers including Dr.

Extreme space weather-induced blackouts could cost US more than $40 billion daily
The daily US economic cost from solar storm-induced electricity blackouts could be in the tens of billions of dollars, with more than half the loss from indirect costs outside the blackout zone, according to a new study.

A 'strand' of DNA as never before
In a carefully designed polymer, researchers at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences have imprinted a sequence of a single strand of DNA.

Support for Chicago Biomedical Consortium renewed
The Searle Funds at The Chicago Community Trust has renewed its funding commitment to the Chicago Biomedical Consortium, a research and education collaboration of Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago and University of Chicago that has helped establish the Chicago area as a biomedical sciences leader.

Luminescent proteins provide color to ecological and cheap bio-displays
Mobile phone, computer and TV displays all use very expensive color filters and other components, which cannot be easily recycled.

Technique reveals movements of immune cells as they hunt for tumors in Stanford-led study
A study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine has for the first time demonstrated a way to visualize and monitor the behavior of immune cells used to treat cancer patients.

Mandarin makes you more musical?
Mandarin makes you more musical -- and at a much earlier age than previously thought.

Could better eye training help reduce concussion in women's soccer?
With the ever-growing popularity of women's soccer, attention to sports-related concussions is also a growing concern.

'Collateral' lethality may offer new therapeutic approach for cancers of the pancreas, stomach and colon
Cancer cells often delete genes that normally suppress tumor formation.

Experts urge for wider prescription of statins in treatment and prevention
Researchers from Florida Atlantic University and Harvard Medical School address the possible but unproven link between statins and diabetes, as well as the implications of prescription of statins for clinicians and their patients.

Blood-repellent materials: A new approach to medical implants
Medical implants like stents, catheters and tubing introduce risk for blood clotting and infection -- a perpetual problem for many patients.

Grand Canyon rim-to-rim hikers provide data for Sandia study of health, performance
Sandia and the University of New Mexico researchers are collecting and study biometric data to determine if declines in physical or cognitive functions can predict a medical emergency for Grand Canyon hikers.

RIT engineer researches the impact of shear stress on cell circulation
Jiandi Wan, an assistant professor of microsystems engineering in Rochester Institute of Technology's Kate Gleason College of Engineering, recently received a $476,505 award from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation for his work using fluid dynamics and mechano-biology strategies to better understand blood flow and how cells moving through blood vessels are affected by shear stress

New broad-spectrum antiviral protein can inhibit HIV, other pathogens in some primates
University of Colorado Boulder researchers have discovered that a protein-coding gene called Schlafen11 (SLFN11) may induce a broad-spectrum cellular response against infection by viruses including HIV-1.

Northern Quebec lichen yields 2 unique molecules and several antibacterial compounds
Two unique molecules have been discovered by Université Laval researchers in a species of lichen growing in northern Quebec.

Mapping brain in preemies may predict later disability
Scanning a premature infant's brain shortly after birth to map the location and volume of lesions, small areas of injury in the brain's white matter, may help doctors better predict whether the baby will have disabilities later, according to a new study published in the Jan.

Green Sahara's ancient rainfall regime revealed
Rainfall patterns in the Sahara during the 6,000-year 'Green Sahara' period have been pinpointed by analyzing marine sediments.

RIT wins NSF grant to transform physics graduate education admissions and retention
A Rochester Institute of Technology professor won funding from the National Science Foundation to develop an inclusive approach to physics graduate education admission and retention of traditionally underrepresented US citizens.

SWOG launches national immunotherapy clinical trial for rare cancers
People with rare cancers now have the option of joining a national clinical trial testing leading-edge immunotherapies for a wide variety of tumor types.

Advanced stage NSCLC patients receiving treatment have better OS than untreated patients
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with advanced disease receiving standard of care treatment have a higher overall survival (OS) than similar patients not receiving treatment.

Molecule shows ability to thwart pathogens' genetic resistance to antibiotic
Researchers have developed a new weapon in the battle against antibiotic-resistant germs: a molecule that neutralizes the bugs' ability to destroy the antibiotic.

$5 million foundation gift to help support US-China energy center at Berkeley Lab
In 2015, Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley, and Tsinghua University in Beijing formed the Berkeley Tsinghua Joint Research Center on Energy and Climate Change to develop scientifically based clean energy solutions and the next generation of leaders to champion those solutions.

Why baboon males resort to domestic violence
Some baboon males vying for a chance to father their own offspring expedite matters in a gruesome way -- they kill infants sired by other males and attack pregnant females, causing them to miscarry, researchers report.

Room upgrade programs can increase hotel profits up to 35 percent
Standby upgrade programs are an innovative way for hotels to increase annual revenue by as much as 35 percent.

Roberto Morandotti and Federico Rosei receive the Sichuan Province 1,000 talents award
The government of Sichuan province has recognized the outstanding research of two INRS professors, Roberto Morandotti and Federico Rosei, respectively for their work in photonics and nanotechnology, by attributing them the prestigious 1,000 talents short term award of Sichuan province.

Climate change to shift global pattern of mild weather
As scientists work to predict how climate change may affect hurricanes, droughts, floods, blizzards and other severe weather, there's one area that's been overlooked: mild weather.

UVA slashes opioid use while improving pain scores, study finds
A study of more than 100,000 surgical cases at University of Virginia Health System found patients' pain scores improved even as doctors gave fewer opioids.

A new prognostic classification may help clinical decision-making in glioblastoma
New research shows that taking molecular variables into account will improve the prognostic classification of the lethal brain cancer called glioblastoma (GBM).

Three companies receive seed funds to develop medical devices for children
The Philadelphia Pediatric Medical Device Consortium has announced seed grants of $50,000 each to three companies developing medical devices for children.

Explaining how 2-D materials break at the atomic level
IBS physicists found that to shed light on the cracking of MoS2, we must go beyond the theory used so far.

Mothers of socially anxious children take involvement to the next level
When mothers of children with social anxiety disorder try to support their children, it often backfires.

The Tasmanian tiger had a brain structure suited to a predatory life style
Scans of preserved Tasmanian tiger brains suggest that these extinct predators devoted more of the cortex to complex cognition associated with predation compared to modern Tasmanian devils, according to a study published Jan.

Toxic brain cells may drive many neurodegenerative disorders, Stanford-led study finds
While most of us haven't heard of astrocytes, these cells are four times as plentiful in the human brain as nerve cells.

How the new Congress and Trump could affect science
The political ground is set to shift dramatically with the new Republican-led Congress in place and President-elect Donald Trump poised to take over the Oval Office.

A big nano boost for solar cells
Solar cells convert light into electricity. While the sun is one source of light, the burning of natural resources like oil and natural gas can also be harnessed.

Researcher examines effect of exercise on breast cancer survivors
Gwendolyn Thomas, assistant professor of exercise science, is the co-author of a groundbreaking article in the Obesity Journal (The Obesity Society, 2017) about the effects of exercise and physical activity on postmenopausal breast cancer survivors taking AIs -- hormone-therapy drugs that stop the production of estrogen.

Survival of many of the world's nonhuman primates is in doubt, experts report
A report in the journal Science details the grim realities facing a majority of the nonhuman primates in the world -- the apes, monkeys, tarsiers, lemurs and lorises inhabiting ever-shrinking forests across the planet.

Toward a 'smart' patch that automatically delivers insulin when needed
Treatment for certain diabetes cases involves constant monitoring of blood-glucose levels and daily insulin shots.

Delirium could accelerate dementia-related mental decline
When hospitalized, people can become acutely confused and disorientated. This condition, known as delirium, affects one-quarter of older patients and new research by UCL and University of Cambridge shows it may have long-lasting consequences, including accelerating the dementia process.

Traffic jam in empty space
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz.

Glass's off-kilter harmonies
The transport of heat in amorphous materials is largely determined by the behavior of phonons -- quasiparticles associated with the collective vibrations of atoms.  Researchers from Georgia Tech developed a new way to calculate the heat contribution of phonons using computer simulations.

Affordable Care Act made cancer screening more accessible for millions, study finds
From 2011 to 2013, the ACA resulted in an 8 percent increase in the diagnoses of early-stage colorectal cancer among US seniors aged 65 and older.

New SAGE Publishing text examines war through the lens of the social sciences
SAGE Publishing is pleased to announce the release of the four-volume set, The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives.

Study finds new target for controlling cell division
Modern genome sequencing methods used to measure the efficiency of synthesis of individual protein during cell division has found that the enzymes that make lipids and membranes were synthesized at much greater efficiency when a cell is ready to split.

Neuro-imaging maps brain wiring of extinct Tasmanian tiger
Imaging technology opens door to learning more about brain evolution by studying museum specimens from around the world.

Small intestine GIST associated with better prognosis in younger patients
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are tumors that arise is the wall of the digestive tract, and most often occur in the stomach or small intestine.

Vitamin B-12, and a knockoff version, create complex market for marine vitamins
A new study shows that vitamin B-12 exists in two different, incompatible forms in the oceans.

Too much sitting, too little exercise may accelerate biological aging
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that elderly women who sit for more than 10 hours a day with low physical activity have cells that are biologically older than their chronological age by eight years compared to women who are less sedentary.

Protein involved in blood clotting stimulates liver repair
A team of Michigan State University researchers, led by James Luyendyk in the College of Veterinary Medicine, has uncovered a new pathway in the body that stimulates liver repair.

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine's Brian Grimberg receives Fulbright award
Brian T. Grimberg, Ph.D., assistant professor of international health, infectious diseases, and immunology at the Center for Global Health and Diseases at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has received a Fulbright US Scholar Program Award from the US Department of State and the J.

Professor Andrew Morris wins NEH fellowship
Andrew Morris, associate professor of history, has been awarded a prestigious fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Jan. 18 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the Jan. 18, 2017, print issue of JNeurosci.

Finding ways to fix the climate before it's too late
Scientists and policymakers rely on complex computer simulations called Integrated Assessment Models to figure out how to address climate change.

New England's 1816 'Mackerel Year' and climate change today
In the latest issue of Science Advances, Karen Alexander at UMass Amherst and aquatic ecologists, climate scientists and environmental historians in New England recount their many-layered, multidisciplinary investigation into the catastrophic effects of the 1815 eruption of the Indonesian volcano Tambora on coastal fish and commercial fisheries in the Gulf of Maine. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to