Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 20, 2017
Opportunities for addiction care and HIV prevention in Russia
Researchers from Boston Medical Center (BMC), in collaboration with Brandeis University and Washington State University, conducted a study to estimate costs and reduction in disease burden if this treatment were available in Russia and implemented into their health care system.

When non-adherence to guidelines is a good thing: Study on COPD yields surprising results
A study at the Northport VA Medical Center in Long Island, New York, offers a glimpse at what happens when doctors' clinical intuition collides with the guidelines they are supposed to follow.

UTMB researcher is co-inventor of a faster and more accurate test for diagnosing Zika
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, in conjunction with the New York State Department of Health's Wadsworth Center, have developed a new detection test for Zika that is faster and more accurate than currently available tests.

Cleveland Clinic researchers receive Outstanding Investigator Awards from NIH
Two Cleveland Clinic researchers have been awarded multi-year, multi-million dollar federal grants that support exceptional scientists with a track record of achievement.

Genetic risk factors for autism, MS and other diseases differ between the sexes
A pair of studies by researchers at UC San Francisco suggest that genetic variants that have distinct effects on physical traits such as height, weight, body mass, and body shape in men versus women are also linked to men's and women's risk for a range of diseases -- including autism, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, and others.

In African 'fairy circles,' a template for nature's many patterns
Scientists have long debated how landscape-scale plant patterns such as the famous 'fairy circles' of Namibia form and persist.

New design strategy for longer lasting batteries
Christopher Wolverton, professor of materials science and engineering in Northwestern's McCormick School of Engineering, has developed a new computational design strategy that can pinpoint optimal materials with which to coat the cathode in lithium-ion batteries, protecting it from degradation and ultimately extending the battery's -- and device's -- life.

Oceanographic analysis offers potential crash site of MH370
A group of oceanographers offers a new analysis of the potential crash site of flight Malaysian Airlines flight 370 in the southern Indian Ocean.

Finding a needle in the ocean
Xiang-Gen Xia, the Charles Black Evans Professor in UD's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, shares his thoughts on big data in a 'Perspectives' paper published in the January 2017 issue of IEEE Signal Processing Magazine.

Provocative prions may protect yeast cells from stress
The notorious heritable protein particles known as prions could be features, not bugs, in cells' operating systems.

Humans, not climate change, wiped out Australian megafauna
New evidence involving the ancient poop of some of the huge and astonishing creatures that once roamed Australia indicates the primary cause of their extinction around 45,000 years ago was likely a result of humans, not climate change.

CIRM approves new funding to UC San Diego researchers fighting Zika virus and cancer
The Independent Citizens Oversight Committee of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) has approved a pair of $2 million awards to University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers to advance studies of new treatments for Zika virus infections and the use of stem cell-derived natural killer (NK) cells to target ovarian cancer and other malignancies.

New 'smart needle' to make brain surgery safer
A new high-tech medical device to make brain surgery safer has been developed by researchers at the University of Adelaide.

Pre-operative liquid feeding reduces complications following Crohn's disease surgery
Despite improvements in medical care, about two-thirds of patients with Crohn's disease develop complications requiring intestinal surgery at some time, and post-operative healing can be complicated.

New book fights the free-market capitalism invading higher education
The financial crisis that erupted in 2008 was followed by a series of changes to the educational landscape of the UK, influenced by economic factors such as austerity and by the philosophies of 'neoliberalism' -- a modified form of liberalism tending to favor free-market capitalism.

New mouse model helps in search for better COPD and CF treatments
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have succeeded in producing a mouse model that faithfully reproduces the pathologies of two intractable lung diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis (CF).

Student-athletes not sleeping enough, intervention could help
Survey results suggest that more than 40 percent of college athletes aren't getting the amount of sleep recommended for healthy adults.

Stop smoking services may boost mental health of people with depression
Smokers with depression who successfully quit smoking using stop smoking services may see an improvement in their mental health, according to new research.

Measurement of fractional flow reserve offers advantages for certain patients with CHD
Patients in whom the widening of blood vessels by means of percutaneous coronary intervention is planned benefit from the new diagnostic procedure; this is not the case for stable CHD.

A new invisibility cloak to conceal objects in diffusive atmospheres is devised
Researchers at the Public University of Navarre (NUP/UPNA) and the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV) have come up with a new invisibility cloak capable of concealing objects in diffusive atmospheres, not just in permanent light, made possible by the cloaks developed so far, but also in any kind of light.

System for handling database caching yields faster websites
This week, at the Association for Computing Machinery's Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory presented a new system that automatically handles caching of database queries for web applications written in the web-programming language Ur/Web.

Children with asthma are more likely to become obese, USC study finds
New USC research finds that children with asthma were 51 percent more likely to become obese over the next decade compared to kids who did not have asthma.

Snap, digest, respire
Scientists show how the Venus flytrap uses its prey's nitrogen compounds to extract energy.

Renoprotective effects of sglt2 inhibitors: Beyond glucose reabsorption inhibition
In this manuscript we summarize the available data on the mechanisms that underlie the renoprotective properties of SGLT2 inhibitors.

Cholesterol -- good for the brain, bad for the heart
Mice that are genetically modified to suppress cholesterol production in the brain show dramatic symptoms of neurological impairment.

What might Trump mean for chemistry? (video)
Donald Trump is now the 45th president of the US.

Geriatrics experts highlight how Trump and Congress can support older adults
Two new articles in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society address what the new leadership in the White House and continued Republican leadership of both houses of Congress can do to ensure that Americans continue to receive the care they need as they age.

Trusting relationship with counselor vital to successful alcohol treatment
Patients who reported the most positive relationships with their counselors had fewer days of drinking and fewer days of heavy drinking between treatment sessions than patients whose relationship was not as positive.

VTT develops raw materials for meatballs and falafel from mealworms and crickets
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed food ingredients from mealworms and crickets which, due to their promising structure and flavor, have the potential to be used in the manufacture of foods such as meatballs and falafel.

New stem cell technique shows promise for bone repair
A new study, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has introduced a new treatment for skeletal system injuries, using stem cells from human bone marrow and a carbon material with photocatalytic properties.

A new principle for epigenetic changes
In a new study, researchers at Uppsala University have found evidence of a new principle for how epigenetic changes can occur.

Can the comorbidity of depression and psychopathy be the devil's work?
As occult practices are on the rise, contemporary theologians become increasingly interested in psychology, with many Christian authors wrestling with the question of how demons can influence mental disorders.

Study identifies brain's connections which keep related memories distinct from each other
Neuroscientists at the University of Bristol are a step closer to understanding how the connections in our brain which control our episodic memory work in sync to make some memories stronger than others.

OU research scientist recipient of presidential award
University of Oklahoma research scientist, Corey Potvin, is the recipient of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, the highest honor bestowed by the United States government on science and engineering professionals in the early stages of independent research careers.

Study reveals areas of the brain impacted by PTSD
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine and the VA Boston Healthcare System are one step closer to understanding the specific nature of brain changes associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Discovered one of the brightest distant galaxies so far known
researchers from the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) and the University of La Laguna (ULL) has discovered one of the brightest 'non-active' galaxies in the early universe.

Children with asthma may be at higher obesity risk
Children with asthma may be more likely to become obese later in childhood or in adolescence, according to new research published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

New genetic engineering technique could help design, study biological systems
A new technique will help biologists tinker with genes, whether the goal is to turn cells into tiny factories churning out medicines, modify crops to grow with limited water or study the effects of a gene on human health.

US and Brazilian researchers study toxic stress in children
Continual or constant exposure to traumatic events, known as toxic stress, can lead children to develop negative behaviors such as aggression, anxiety and depression unless they have adequate support from an adult, according to researchers.

The role of size in development of mucosal liposome-lipopeptide vaccine
Group A Streptococcus (GAS), or Streptococcus pyogenes is an exclusivel y human Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria.

Bacterial discovery solves 20-year-old molecular paleontology mystery
A fatty molecule once thought to be unique to flowering plants has turned up in bacteria skimmed from the Adriatic Sea and may provide biotech insights.

Scientists develop first catalysed reaction using iron salts
Scientists at the University of Huddersfield have developed a new chemical reaction that is catalysed using simple iron salts -- an inexpensive, abundant and sustainable alternative to costlier and scarcer metals.

Calabrese says mistake led to adopting the LNT model in toxicology
Edward Calabrese, the University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental toxicologist who has long been a critic of the current linear no-threshold (LNT) approach to risk assessment for radiation and toxic chemicals, argues in a new publication that the US National Academy of Sciences made an error in adopting the LNT because the research findings on which they relied contained a fundamental error, unknown to them and only discovered decades later.

To find disease risk, genetics provides mother of all shortcuts
A study from Vanderbilt University demonstrates how the increasing availability of genetic data presents opportunities to answer epidemiological questions in weeks rather than decades.

ACOs serving high proportions of minority patients lag in quality performance
Research by The Dartmouth Institute finds Accountable Care Organizations serving a high proportion of minority patients performed significantly worse on many quality-of-care measures than other ACOs.

Breakthrough by Exeter cell biologists
Scientists have made a breakthrough in understanding how different compartments (or organelles) of human cells interact.

MicroRNAs shown to improve hyperglycemia
A study by Tokohu University researchers has identified two new types of microRNA (miRNA) that improved hyperglycemia in a mouse model of diabetes by stimulating the proliferation of insulin-producing pancreatic beta (β) cells.

Tracking movement of immune cells identifies key first steps in inflammatory arthritis
Using a novel approach for imaging the movement of immune cells in living animals, researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Immunology and Inflammatory Diseases have identified what appear to be the initial steps leading to joint inflammation in a model of inflammatory arthritis.

Electrocatalysis can advance green transition
Renewable energy is providing an increasing share of the energy supply, but to ensure the green transition continues, it must also be able to furnish us with the fuels and chemicals that combined account for 25 percent of the world's energy consumption.

An optimistic vision for Paris Climate Agreement
In December 2015, the world's nations negotiated the Paris Climate Agreement, which seeks to limit global warming to a maximum of 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to