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Science News and Current Events for January 23, 2017


Hormone can enhance brain activity associated with love and sex
The hormone kisspeptin can enhance activity in brain regions associated with sexual arousal and romantic love, according to new research.
Survey: Most women don't know age heart screenings should begin
When should women start getting heart screenings? A new national survey by Orlando Health shows most women wait way too late.
Study finds recurrent hypertensive disease of pregnancy associated with early mortality
In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral plenary session at 8 a.m.
New metamaterial can switch from hard to soft -- and back again
When a material is made, you typically cannot change whether that material is hard or soft.
FSU scientist's findings on carbon cycle feed climate research
FSU Assistant Professor Michael Stukel explains how carbon is transported to deeper waters and why it is happening more rapidly in certain areas of the ocean.
How plant cells regulate growth shown for the first time
Researchers have managed to show how the cells in a plant, a multicellular organism, determine their size and regulate their growth over time.
We need to talk about school start times
Delaying school start times could help Canadian teenagers sleep better -- giving them a better chance for success, according to McGill University researchers.
Evaluation of the use of human umbilical cord for in-utero spina bifida repair
In a study to be presented Saturday, Jan. 28, in the oral concurrent session at 8:45 a.m.
Limiting gestational weight gain did not improve pregnancy complications
In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral plenary session at 8 a.m.
Medical assistance in dying will not increase health care costs in Canada
Providing medical assistance in dying to people in Canada will not increase health care costs, and could reduce spending by between $34.7 and $138.8 million, according to a new research paper.
New steps in the meiosis chromosome dance
Where would we be without meiosis and recombination? A new paper published online Jan.
Melting solid below the freezing point
Researchers at the Carnegie Institution for Science have discovered a new phenomenon of so-called metastability in a liquid phase.
This man is revolutionizing our understanding of motor neuron diseases and dementias
Wang's team published a study in the January 2017 issue of Molecular Therapy that is seen as confirming the relevance of this neurotoxic pathway, according to an accompanying editorial by Eloise Hudry, Ph.D., of the Alzheimer's Disease Research Unit at Harvard Medical School.
Skin closure options for cesarean delivery: Glue vs. subcuticular sutures
In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
A single episode of high fat intake injures liver metabolism
In a study published this week in the JCI, Michael Roden's lab at the German Diabetes Center found that one instance of fat intake, equivalent to the amount in a rich meal, led to immediate increases in fat accumulation and alterations in liver metabolism.
Low-cost therapy produces long-lasting improvements for stroke survivors
A new study by researchers at the University of East Anglia and the University of Glasgow has found that a low-cost therapy can improve the lives of stroke patients with vision problems.
The discrepancy between the results of a system of biological interest is resolved
A piece of research in which a group in the UPV/EHU's department of Physical Chemistry collaborated has resolved the tautomeric equilibrium of a model system of great biological interest.
National cluster helps companies tap on new 3-D printing technologies
Tissue implants customized to a patient could soon be printed using a new type of 3-D-printer under development by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore and a Singapore-based 3-D printing start-up focused on healthcare.
Evaluation of the effects of laser tissue welding for spina bifida repair
In a study to be presented Saturday, Jan. 28, in the oral concurrent session at 8:45 a.m.
Bioinvasion is jeopardizing Mediterranean marine communities
Non-indigenous species are harming indigenous species and habitats in the Mediterranean Sea, impairing potentially exploitable marine resources and raising concern about human health issues, according to a new Tel Aviv University study.
Insects and umami receptors
Insects, like mammals including humans, sort chemicals by taste into a few categories and use this information to decide whether to ingest or reject food.
CU Boulder research targets cookstove pollution using supercomputers and NASA satellites
New air quality research is investigating a major, but often overlooked contributor to outdoor pollution and climate: burning of solid fuel for cooking and heating.
Long-term gains with early epilepsy surgery
There are important, long-term gains from hastening the processes around surgical interventions against epilepsy -- before the disease has had too much negative impact on brain functions and patients' lives.
Standard of care anti-clotting drugs may be unnecessary for most surgery patients
As many as three out of four surgery patients could be receiving anti-clotting medications that they do not need, according to a study led by investigators at the University of Utah School of Medicine.
Scientists discover 6-million-year-old giant otter fossil in China's Yunnan Province
A paper in Journal of Systematic Paleontology, published by Taylor & Francis, reveals the discovery of one of the largest otter species ever found.
Synthetic nanoparticles achieve the complexity of protein molecules
Chemists at Carnegie Mellon have demonstrated that synthetic nanoparticles can achieve the same level of structural complexity, hierarchy and accuracy as biomolecules.
U-M researchers discover what makes drug for ulcerative colitis tick
For approximately 70 years, physicians have used a medication containing the active agent mesalamine to treat ulcerative colitis, but little was known about how the drug targeted the inflammatory bowel disease.
Living environment a powerful factor in the lives of Rwanda's orphans
A population study establishes that orphanages are important for Rwanda's orphans mainly because of lower stigma and marginalization they faced from the community.
Forests 'held their breath' during global warming hiatus, research shows
Global forest ecosystems, widely considered to act as the lungs of the planet, 'held their breath' during the most recent occurrence of a warming hiatus, new research has shown.
One of the world largest digital herbaria launched
Within the framework of the 'Noah's ark' project, scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University have developed the largest digital herbarium in Russia -- a collection of scanned images of herbarium samples from the Faculty of Biology funds.
New health care model cut costs and reduced need for medical services for pregnant women and newborn
In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
Regulating 'gasotransmitters' could improve care for sleep apnea
Unbalanced signaling by two molecules that regulate breathing leads to sleep apnea in mice and rats.
Wildlife-snaring crisis in Asian forests
A very important article co-authored by WCS scientist Tony Lynam has been published in this week's Science about a crisis emerging in Asia from snaring, which is wiping out wildlife in unprecedented numbers.
Cookware made with scrap metal contaminates food
Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal in countries around the world poses a serious and previously unrecognized health risk to millions of people according to a new study.
ACA increased coverage for chronically ill, but many still can't get needed care
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) increased insurance coverage and access to care for patients with chronic medical conditions, but a year after the law took full effect, many remained without coverage and faced significant barriers to getting regular medical care.
Oxford University Press to publish SLEEP
Oxford University Press and the Sleep Research Society are pleased to announce their new partnership to publish SLEEP beginning January 2017.
Strategies designed to reduce excessive body temperature during exercise are explored
The use of heat-dissipating upper body compression clothing does not help to lower body temperature during exercise.
Hearst Foundation funds TGen research into cancer-related 'wasting syndrome'
The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) has received a $175,000 grant from the Hearst Foundation to study how to prevent cancer patients from dying due to lost weight and muscle mass.
Enhancing health care
In Canada, rates of type 2 diabetes are 3 to 5 percent higher in Indigenous peoples when compared to non-Indigenous peoples.
Conserved role for Ovo protein in reproductive cell development in mice and fruit flies
University of Tsukuba-led research identified a role for the Ovo protein in the development of both mouse and Drosophila germ cells.
Using simulation tools to optimize soft robotic systems
Simulation is a valuable tool to improve the energy efficiency of machines and it is now being used to analyze and optimize soft robotic systems to increase their utility, as described in an article published in Soft Robotics.
Kisspeptin hormone enhances brain response to sexual and emotional images
In this issue of the JCI, research led by Waljit Dhillo at Imperial College London discovered that a hormone called kisspeptin influences human reproductive behavior by stimulating brain regions associated with mood and emotion.
Microscopic submarines for your stomach
Tiny 'submarines' that speed independently through the stomach, use gastric acid for fuel (while rapidly neutralizing it), and release their cargo precisely at the desired pH: Though it may sound like science fiction, this is a new method for treating stomach diseases with acid-sensitive drugs introduced by scientists in the journal Angewandte Chemie.
Comparing skin closure options for cesarean delivery
In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
Trees supplement income for rural farmers in Africa
Trees may be easy to spot on the plains of Africa but they are often overlooked as a source of income for farmers.
Mainz University to collaborate with US research center Fermilab near Chicago
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) is expanding the range of its international research collaboration projects.
Research leads to new treatment recommendations for a high-risk pediatric leukemia
International researchers led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have identified genetic alterations that can be used to guide treatment of pediatric acute megakaryoblastic leukemia, which has a dismal prognosis.
Codes of ethics cause problems for overseas operations
Corporate codes of ethics can have reverse effects and mask anomalies or social evils in operations outsourced to low-wage countries.
Scientists spin artificial silk from whey protein
A Swedish-German team of researchers has cleared up a key process for the artificial production of silk.
Study finds parrotfish are critical to coral reef health
In the new study, published in the Jan. 23 issue of the journal Nature Communication, Scripps researchers Katie Cramer and Richard Norris developed a 3,000-year record of the abundance of parrotfish and urchins on reefs from the Caribbean side of Panama to help unravel the cause of the alarming modern-day shift from coral- to algae-dominated reefs occurring across the Caribbean.
Getting closer to treatment for Parkinson's
More than 10 million people worldwide have Parkinson´s disease. A groundbreaking study from the University of Bergen, may answer why some develop the disease while others do not.
On target: UNC researcher arms platelets to deliver cancer immunotherapy
Tiny blood cells called platelets rush in to start the post-surgical healing process.
Affordable Care Act helped the chronically ill, but many still can't get care they need
The Affordable Care Act provided insurance coverage and improved access to medical care for Americans with chronic diseases, but a year after the law took full effect, many remained without coverage and faced significant barriers to getting regular medical care.
Breast cancer drugs stop working when tumors 'make their own fuel'
Scientists have discovered why a type of breast cancer drug stops working in some patients.
E-cigarettes are expanding tobacco product use among youth
E-cigarettes are actually attracting a new population of adolescents who might not otherwise have smoked tobacco products, according to a new UC San Francisco study.
Transplanted neurons incorporated into a stroke-injured rat brain
Today, a stroke usually leads to permanent disability -- but in the future, the stroke-injured brain could be reparable by replacing dead cells with new, healthy neurons, using transplantation.
Glucose supplementation significantly reduces length of induced labor in childbirth
In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
How do people choose what plants to use?
There are about 400,000 species of plants in the world.
Diabetes medication adherence, language, glycemic control in Latino patients
JAMA Internal Medicine is publishing two articles and an editorial focusing on Latino patients with type 2 diabetes.
MacKinnon lab charts the anatomy of three molecular channels
By determining the three-dimensional structures of these molecules down to the level of atoms, the researchers have unlocked key details as to how they function in the body.
Spanish scientists create a 3-D bioprinter to print human skin
Scientists from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), CIEMAT (Center for Energy, Environmental and Technological Research), Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, in collaboration with the firm BioDan Group, have presented a prototype for a 3-D bioprinter that can create totally functional human skin.
Use of fetal genetic sequencing increases the detection rate of genetic findings
In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral plenary session at 8 a.m.
Berkeley launches RISELab, enabling computers to make intelligent real-time decisions
UC Berkeley today launched the RISELab, whose mission is to improve how machines make intelligent decisions based on real-time input.
Positive outcomes after obesity surgery in adolescents
Obesity surgery has proven to be just as effective for teenagers as for adults.
Online media use shows strong genetic influence
Online media use such as social networking and gaming could be strongly influenced by our genes, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London.
World still 'grossly underprepared' for infectious disease outbreaks
The world remains 'grossly underprepared' for outbreaks of infectious disease, which are likely to become more frequent in the coming decades, warn a team of international experts in The BMJ today.
A new model for activation of the immune system
By studying a large protein (the C1 protein) with X-rays and electron microscopy, researchers from Aarhus University in Denmark have established a new model for how an important part of the innate immune system is activated.
Can the donut-shaped magnet 'CAPPuccino submarine' hunt for dark matter?
IBS scientists clarify that toroidal magnets can also look for axions, one of the particle candidates for the mysterious dark matter.
How nicotine acts on the brains of schizophrenic patients
Several studies have indicated that schizophrenic patients are likely to show a high level of nicotine dependence.
Nutritional considerations for healthy aging and reduction in age-related chronic disease
Improving dietary resilience and better integration of nutrition in the health care system can promote healthy aging and may significantly reduce the financial and societal burden of the 'silver tsunami.' This is the key finding of a 'Nutritional Considerations for Healthy Aging and Reduction in Age-Related Chronic Disease,' a new paper initiated under the auspices of the Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science Working Group on Nutrition for Aging Population, and published in Advances in Nutrition.
80-million-year-old dinosaur collagen confirmed
Utilizing the most rigorous testing methods to date, researchers from North Carolina State University have isolated additional collagen peptides from an 80-million-year-old Brachylophosaurus.
A new index for the diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has become a global epidemic. There is not only a great interest worldwide to understand the causes and consequences of fatty liver disease, but also to diagnose fatty liver disease at an early stage.
Researcher finds potential way to reduce drug cravings
A new preclinical study led by a University of Texas at Dallas researcher shows that vagus nerve stimulation therapy might have the potential to help people overcome drug addiction by helping them learn new behaviors to replace those associated with seeking drugs.
A network of molecular interactions in brain cells infected by Zika virus reveals new therapeutic targets
Zika virus (ZIKV) interferes with the cellular machinery controlling cell division and alters the expression of hundreds of genes responsible for guiding the formation and development of brain cells, according to findings released on Jan.
Engaging fathers in parenting intervention improves outcomes for both kids and fathers
A parenting program where fathers engage with their children through reading was found to boost the fathers' parenting skills while also improving the preschoolers' school readiness and behavior, finds a study led by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Lithuania joins the EMBO Installation Grants scheme
EMBO welcomes Lithuania as a member of the EMBO Installation Grants scheme.
Jet lag impairs performance of Major League Baseball players
A Northwestern University study of how jet lag affects Major League Baseball players traveling across just a few time zones found that when players travel in a way that misaligns their internal 24-hour clock with the natural environment and its cycle of sunlight, they suffer negative consequences.
New PET imaging technique may help monitor neurological disease progression
In Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, loss of the sense of smell often precedes classical symptoms of cognitive or motor dysfunction.
Scientists discover large extinct otter
Scientists discover large extinct otter, Siamogale melilutra, from the Miocene Shuitangba site in northeastern Yunnan Province in China.
Study suggests that yoga and exercise fail to improve sleep in midlife women
A new study indicates that yoga and aerobic exercise interventions did not significantly reduce objectively measured sleep disturbances among midlife women who were experiencing hot flashes.
UM announces creation of the Frost Institutes for Science and Engineering
The University of Miami announced Monday that it is creating the Frost Institutes for Science and Engineering to achieve those milestones by elevating science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to help solve some of the world's most pressing problems.
Where belief in free will is linked to happiness
Free will describes the ability to make independent choices, where the outcome of the choice is not influenced by past events.
Noninvasive ultrasound pulses used to precisely tweak rat brain activity
Biomedical engineers at Johns Hopkins report they have worked out a noninvasive way to release and deliver concentrated amounts of a drug to the brain of rats in a temporary, localized manner using ultrasound.
Breaking the optical bandwidth record of stable pulsed lasers
Researchers from the team of Roberto Morandotti at INRS has redefined the limitations and constraints for ultra-fast pulsed lasers.
Study looks at a new method for filtering results from genetic studies
In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
Big Brother will have some difficulty 'watching you' in future
New research done at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, has exciting implications for fast and secure data transfer in the future and will aid technological advances that seek to establish more secure quantum communication links over long distances.
ASU gut microbe study shows promise as a potential treatment for autism
A team led by Arizona State University researchers is taking a novel approach the search for effective autism treatments by focusing on improving the gut microbiome through fecal microbial transplants.
PPPL physicist uncovers clues to mechanism behind magnetic reconnection
Physicist Fatima Ebrahimi has published a paper showing that magnetic reconnection -- the process in which magnetic field lines snap together and release energy -- can be triggered by motion in nearby magnetic fields.
Coral reefs grow faster and healthier when parrotfish are abundant
A new study by Smithsonian scientists and colleagues that reveals 3,000 years of change in reefs in the western Caribbean provides long-term, compelling evidence that parrotfish, which eat algae that can smother corals, are vital to coral-reef growth and health.
Liquid biopsy researchers to share their strategies for pairing digital PCR and next-generation sequencing at Precision Medicine World Conference
Global leaders in cancer research and clinical care will discuss how they combine next-generation sequencing and Droplet Digital PCR technologies to analyze cancer liquid biopsies in a specially themed session at the Precision Medicine World Conference (PMWC).
Convincing food truck operators to improve nutritional offerings is possible, study finds
Mobile food trucks called loncheras are common sources of inexpensive away-from-home foods among working-class Latinos and others people in Los Angeles and many other cities.
Smoking increases substantially during military service, Israeli research shows
Researchers in Israel found that cigarette smoking increased by almost 40 percent during compulsory military service in the Israel Defense Forces, from 26.2 percent at recruitment to 36.5 percent at discharge.
New research on wine fermentation could lead to better bouquet
The taste of wine arises from a symphony of compounds that are assembled as yeast ferment the must from grapes.
Study finds an association between day of delivery and maternal-fetal mortality
In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
Nanocavity and atomically thin materials advance tech for chip-scale light sources
University of Washington engineers have discovered an important first step towards building electrically pumped nanolasers that are critical to the development of integrated photonic based short-distance optical interconnects and sensors.
Study reveals new genetic mechanism driving breast cancer
Researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have discovered 'hotspots' of mutations in breast cancer genomes, where mutations thought to be inactive 'passengers' in the genome have now been shown to possibly drive further cancerous changes.
Identifying early markers of cardiac dysfunction in pregnancy
In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
Not just funny: Satirical news has serious political effects
Satirical news programs, often dismissed as mere entertainment, have real political effects on the people who watch them, new research suggests.
BMJ launches new platform to help researchers get published, discovered and cited
BMJ, one of the world's leading medical knowledge providers, is pleased to announce the launch of the Author Hub, a new platform to assist researchers in every field, at every stage of the publishing process.
Patients with severe chronic rhinosinusitis show improvement with Verapamil treatment
A clinical trial studying the use of Verapamil (a drug currently in use for cardiovascular disease and cluster headache) in alleviating chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps revealed significant improvement in the symptoms of this subset of patients.
Penn research describes missing step in how cells move their cargo
A study led by Wei Guo, a professor of biology in the University of Pennsylvania's School of Arts & Sciences, has identified a key activation mechanism that leads to vesicle fusion to the plasma membrane, a part of exocytosis.
UNIST researchers get green light to commercialize metal-air batteries
A new study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), has introduced a new way to increase energy efficiency of metal-air batteries.
Mammal testing could be cut by moth larvae
The number of mammals used in animal testing could be cut dramatically and replaced with moth larvae.
Archaeologists uncover new clues to Maya collapse
Using the largest set of radiocarbon dates ever obtained from a single Maya site, a team of archaeologists, led by the University of Arizona, developed a high-precision chronology that sheds new light on patterns leading up to the two major collapses of the Maya civilization.
UTA electrical engineering professor earns society's highest honor
J.-C. Chiao, a University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineering professor, has been named a Fellow of SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.
Reduction of the most common cause of maternal death worldwide
In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
Mummy visualization impresses in computer journal
Using visualisation technology developed at Linköping University under the auspices of Visualization Center C, visitors to the British Museum can reveal the murder of the mummified Geberlein Man, 5,500 years ago.
New tools developed to help clinicians predict risk of cardiovascular disease
A new study led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health researchers provides powerful new tools to help clinicians around the globe predict their patients' 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease.
Nicotine normalizes brain activity deficits that are key to schizophrenia
A steady stream of nicotine normalizes genetically-induced impairments in brain activity associated with schizophrenia, according to new research involving the University of Colorado Boulder.
To improve health and exercise more, get a gym membership, Iowa State study suggests
If your New Year's resolution was to exercise more in 2017, chances are you've already given up or you're on the verge of doing so.
Immune defense without collateral damage
Researchers from the University of Basel in Switzerland have clarified the role of the enzyme MPO.
What matters most to Huntington's disease patients? New survey
Huntington's disease (HD) has no cure and no therapies to slow the course of this fatal disease.
Blacks experience more family member deaths than whites, on average
African-Americans are more likely than whites to experience the loss of a parent during childhood and more likely to be exposed to multiple family member deaths by mid-life, according to a study by the Population Research Center at The University of Texas at Austin.
A gene's journey from covert to celebrated
Unmasking a previously misunderstood gene, University of North Carolina scientists discover an unlikely potential drug target for gastrointestinal cancers.
ASU scientist finds advanced geometry no secret to prehistoric architects in US Southwest
New research by ASU scientists reveals that the prehistoric Pueblo people of the American Southwest, despite not having a written language or number system, created architectural complexes using advanced geometry -- with incredible mathematical accuracy.
Experiment resolves mystery about wind flows on Jupiter
A UCLA geophysicist and colleagues have recreated Jupiter's jets in the laboratory for the first time and shown that they likely extend thousands of kilometers below Jupiter's visible atmosphere.
Post-concussion, peripheral vision reaction times substantially impaired
A study from the University of Cincinnati reported that patients who sustained a concussion, followed by symptoms of visual dysfunction, experienced significantly delayed central and peripheral vision reaction times.
Wasps, ants, and Ani DiFranco
A University of California, Riverside graduate student has discovered several news species of wasps, including one that she named after musician Ani DiFranco.
New Genome Browser product gives freedom to easily collaborate in the cloud
The newly launched Genome Browser in the Cloud (GBiC) introduces new freedom to collaborate by allowing rapid Browser installation, in any UNIX-based cloud.
How race consciousness influences your likelihood of getting a flu shot
A study led by Professor Sandra Crouse Quinn in the University of Maryland School of Public Health is the first to explore racial factors and how they may influence attitudes and behaviors towards the flu vaccine.
Nurse practitioners step in to fill growing need for house calls
Nurse practitioners are increasingly providing house calls for frail and elderly patients, eclipsing any other specialties in number of home visits in 2013, new research reveals.
Arctic melt ponds form when meltwater clogs ice pores
A team including University of Utah mathematician Kenneth Golden has determined how Arctic melt ponds form, solving a paradoxical mystery of how a pool of water actually sits atop highly porous ice.
Novel radiotracer measures olfactory neurons in animal models
Olfactory health - how well we are able to smell -- is a reliable marker of the health of the brain, but current 'smell identification tests' do not offer a complete picture of the situation.
Study looks at how changes in maternal diet impact human milk oligosaccharides and the milk microbiome
In a study to be presented Thursday, Jan. 26, in the oral plenary session at 1:15 p.m.
What is good quality sleep? National Sleep Foundation provides guidance
The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) recently released the key indicators of good sleep quality, as established by a panel of experts.
Choreographing the microRNA-target dance
Molecular biologists at UT Southwestern Medical Center were able to uncover a new mechanism that choreographs a complex molecular dance by applying the latest in gene editing technology combined with a traditional method of making a microRNA target produce a fluorescent green protein.
Cervical cancer mortality rates may be underestimated
A new analysis reveals that for most women, the risk of dying from cervical cancer is higher than previously thought.
Clinical trial testing new technique to treat life-threatening ventricular tachycardia
A landmark clinical trial is evaluating a new procedure to treat a life-threatening heart rhythm disorder called ventricular tachycardia.
TSRI scientists create first stable semisynthetic organism
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have announced the development of the first stable semisynthetic organism.
Switching off the brain
Switching off specific brain regions in a laboratory animal is an important type of experiment used to better understand how the brain works.
TCGA study identifies genomic features of cervical cancer
Investigators with The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network have identified novel genomic and molecular characteristics of cervical cancer that will aid subclassification and target therapies most appropriate for each patient.
Evaluation of recombinant antithrombin vs. placebo in preterm preeclampsia
Researchers with the PRESERVE-1 Study Group University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston -- McGovern Medical School, Houston, Texas, and Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., present findings of a study titled Randomized double-blind placebo controlled evaluation of the safety and efficacy of recombinant Antithrombin versus placebo in preterm preeclampsia.
Rare meteorites challenge our understanding of the solar system
Researchers have discovered minerals from 43 meteorites that landed on Earth 470 million years ago.
Cervical cancer death rates higher among older and black women
A woman's risk of dying of cervical cancer is higher than long believed, particularly among older and black women, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.
Scientists say mom's cervical bacterial may be key to preventing premature birth
A team of researchers that has confirmed the presence of bacteria in a woman's vagina and cervix may either increase the risk of premature birth or have a protective effect against it, has won the March of Dimes Award for Best Abstract on Prematurity at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™.
Today's rare meteorites were once common
Four-hundred and sixty-six million years ago, there was a giant asteroid collision in outer space, and the debris from that collision has been falling to Earth ever since.
Crop achilles' heel costs farmers 10 percent of potential yield
When top and bottom leaves are placed in the same low light, the lower canopy leaves showed lower rates of photosynthesis.
NYC toddlers exposed to potentially harmful flame retardants
Researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) within the Mailman School of Public Health report evidence of potentially harmful flame retardants on the hands and in the homes of 100 percent of a sample of New York City mothers and toddlers.
New technique identifies micropollutants in New York waterways
Cornell University engineers have developed a new technique to test for a wide range of micropollutants in lakes, rivers and other potable water sources that vastly outperforms conventional methods.
From tiny phytoplankton to massive tuna
Phytoplankton are the foundation of ocean life, providing the energy that supports nearly all marine species.
Autism symptoms improve after fecal transplant, small study finds
Children with autism may benefit from fecal transplants -- a method of introducing donated healthy microbes into people with gastrointestinal disease to rebalance the gut.
Study found brain abnormalities in fetuses exposed to Zika
At the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, researchers with the Baylor College of Medicine Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, Texas partnered with the Maternal-Fetal Unit, CEDIFETAL, Centro de Diagnostico de Ultrasonido e Imagenes, CEDIUL, Barranquilla, Columbia and the Unidad De Fertildad Y Genetica De Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Columbia, to create the study, Characterization of brain malformations and volume assessment in fetuses with Zika Virus infection using MRI.
Manipulating gene expression precisely using light
A scientist has developed a new method to accurately manipulate gene expression by light illumination and demonstrated its usability by creating double-headed zebrafish.
Monash awarded grant to lead global slum revitalization research
A global charitable foundation has awarded an AUD $14 million grant to an international research consortium led by Monash University.
Improving birthing deliveries with less physical trauma to mom and baby
In a study to be presented Friday, Jan. 27, in the oral concurrent session at 1:15 p.m.
Your Android device's Pattern Lock can be cracked within 5 attempts
The popular Pattern Lock system used to secure millions of Android phones can be cracked within just five attempts -- and more complicated patterns are the easiest to crack, security experts reveal.
Researchers detail novel underlying mechanism involved in PTSD and other anxiety disorders
Neurobiologist Lynn Dobrunz has discovered a novel mechanism for how stress-induced anxiety -- which can produce post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD -- affects circuit function in the hippocampus, the area of the brain where aversive memories are formed.
Research helps explain how B cell metabolism is controlled
New research from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) addresses the lack of knowledge about how B cell metabolism adapts to each of their various environments -- development in the bone marrow, proliferation and hypermutation in the lymph nodes and spleen and circulation in the blood.
Engineers eat away at Ms. Pac-Man score with artificial player
Using a novel approach for computing real-time game strategy, engineers have developed an artificial Ms.
New crab species shares name with 2 'Harry Potter' characters and a hero researcher
While not much is known about the animals living around coral reefs, ex-Marine turned researcher Harry Conley would often take to the island of Guam, and dig deep into the rubble to find fascinating critters as if by magic learnt at Hogwarts.
Mapping the migration of house shrews
The distribution of house shrews in the coastal areas from Asia to East Africa suggests a wider trade network in the middle-modern ages.
Serum micoRNAs may serve as biomarkers for multiple sclerosis
Serum micoRNAs may serve as biomarkers for multiple sclerosis.
Catalyst adds fluorine-containing groups to make new compounds
MIT and Boston College chemists have discovered and developed a new class of catalysts that can transfer a fluorine-containing chemical group to other molecules.

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We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2017. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
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This week, we're learning about the life and work of a groundbreaking physiologist whose work on learning and instinct is familiar worldwide, and almost universally misunderstood. We'll spend the hour with Daniel Todes, Ph.D, Professor of History of Medicine at The Johns Hopkins University, discussing his book "Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science."