Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 24, 2017
New organ culture system reveals effects of BPA exposure on fetal mammary glands
A new laboratory model enables tests of how developing fetal mammary tissue is affected by exposure to estrogen and estrogen-like chemicals such as BPA.

Nanoscience twist on centuries-old crop treatment is licensed
Copper compounds have been used to treat crop disease for centuries, but new copper nanoparticles are more effective, better for the environment and reduce the chances of bacteria developing resistance.

Why some drivers slow down when using mobile phones: QUT research
With mobile phone distracted driving a growing road safety issue, a QUT study reveals why some drivers slow down when using a mobile phone but others don't.

Synthetic chemicals understudied drivers of environmental change
The growing use of synthetic chemicals, including pesticides and pharmaceuticals to attack unwanted organisms, has outpaced rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations and other agents of global change in the last 45 years, a Duke-led analysis reveals.

Mindfulness meditation training lowers biomarkers of stress response in anxiety disorder
Mindfulness meditation is an increasingly popular treatment for anxiety, but testing its effectiveness in a convincing way has been difficult.

New study finds where you live may determine likelihood of dying from cancer
The rate at which Americans die from cancers varies dramatically by where they live, according to a new scientific analysis.

Personality traits linked to differences in brain structure
Our personality may be shaped by how our brain works, but in fact the shape of our brain can itself provide surprising clues about how we behave -- and our risk of developing mental health disorders -- suggests a study published today.

Penn nursing professor authors new book on historical importance of public health programs
'Nursing with a Message' reveals the key role that local public health programs -- and the nurses who ran them -- influenced how Americans perceived both their personal health choices and the well-being of their communities.

An urban collection of modern-day micrometeorites
More than 100 billion micrometeorites (MMs) fall to Earth each year.

Micro spacecraft investigates cometary water mystery
In September 2015, a team of astronomers successfully observed the entire hydrogen coma of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, using the LAICA telescope onboard the PROCYON spacecraft.

New tuberculosis therapy could be more potent than current treatments
Researchers have devised a potential drug regimen for tuberculosis that could cut the treatment time by up to 75 percent, while simultaneously reducing the risk that patients could develop drug-resistant TB.

Direct link between sexual objectification of girls and aggression towards them
There is a direct relation between the sexual objectification of girls and aggression towards them, research by psychologists at the University of Kent has shown.

Antibiotics, not dirty hospitals, the main cause of C. difficile epidemic
Restricting the use of a common antibiotic was more important than a high profile 'deep clean' of hospitals in massively reducing UK antibiotic resistant Clostridium difficile (C. diff) cases, a major new study has found.

New e-comic, 'Invasion of the Alien Zombies,' aims to educate kids about the immune system
Alien invaders descend on a world while defensive forces mobilize to battle the intruders...

Biologists identify reproductive 'traffic cop'
University of Iowa researchers have found a protein that regulates how chromosomes pair up and pass genetic information.

Synthetic chemicals: Ignored agents of global change
Despite a steady rise in the manufacture and release of synthetic chemicals, research on the ecological effects of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and industrial chemicals is severely lacking.

'Listening' to single cells may uncover cancer origins
At Baylor College of Medicine, scientists have developed a method that allows them to accurately determine the genes expressed in single cells.

Predator or not? Invasive snails hide even when they don't know
The specific cues that trigger an animal's natural defense vary depending on the species and its history in the ecosystem, a new University of Washington study finds.

Your (social media) votes matter
Tim Weninger, assistant professor of computer science and engineering at the University of Notre Dame, conducted two large-scale experiments on Reddit and the results provide insight into how a single up/down vote can influence what content users see on the site.

Sci-fi holograms a step closer with ANU invention
Physicists from The Australian National University have invented a tiny device that creates the highest quality holographic images ever achieved, opening the door to imaging technologies seen in science fiction movies such as 'Star Wars.'

Can mushrooms help delay or prevent dementia and Alzheimer's disease?
Certain edible and medicinal mushrooms contain bioactive compounds that may enhance nerve growth in the brain and protect against neurotoxic stimuli such as inflammation that contribute to neurodegenerative diseases like dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Generating improvement in spinal cord injuries
Results from an ongoing treatment for spinal cord injury research study were announced on Jan.

IU study finds fly growth mimics cancer cells, creating new tool in fight against disease
Scientists who study a molecule known to play a role in certain types of cancers and neurodegenerative disorders have a powerful new tool to study this compound due to research conducted at Indiana University, published Jan.

New WHO international fetal growth charts
A research article published in PLOS Medicine contributes to the evidence base regarding the use of population charts for detection of fetal growth disorders and how best to determine risk of complications.

NASA measures 'dust on snow' to help manage Colorado River Basin water supplies
By working together to use satellite data, NASA and the Colorado Basin River Forecast Center ensure that more than 33 million people have a more secure water supply and don't have to worry about consulting a forecast before turning on the faucet.

Designing diagnostic labs that are safe, specific and sustainable
To detect an outbreak early -- whether Ebola, Zika or influenza -- healthcare workers must have a local, trustworthy diagnostic lab.

Flat head syndrome linked to motor, language and cognitive delays
Babies with flat head syndrome may be at heightened risk of developmental delays, a new study has found.

Cooperation helps mammals survive in tough environments
New research suggests that cooperative breeding makes mammal species such as meerkats better suited to dry, harsh climates.

Can we see beginnings of state failure in the US and Europe?
The United States and Europe face an increasing risk of state failure in coming years due to the escalation of interlinked environmental, energy and economic crises.

Scientists discover a way to sequence DNA of rare animals
Rare and extinct animals are preserved in jars of alcohol in natural history museum collections around the world, which provide a wealth of information on the changing biodiversity of the planet.

Little tortoise, big range
WCS scientists have discovered the impressed tortoise (Manouria impressa) in the Hukaung Valley Wildlife Sanctuary in northern Myanmar, some 528 miles from its known range in that country.

UAB and VICIS announce partnership to deliver safer football helmets
UAB and VICIS have each made major strides in developing next generation football helmets in response to the growing concussion crisis, and they have partnered to combine expertise and intellectual property to bring more effective helmets to the market.

Breast density research edges closer to cancer prevention
Australian researchers are one step closer to breast cancer prevention after finding a new driver for breast density, an identified risk factor for breast cancer.

Study establishes new standard of care for pancreatic cancer patients
A combination of two chemotherapy drugs -- gemcitabine and capecitabine -- should be the new standard of care for pancreatic cancer patients who have had surgery to remove their tumor.

Cell disposal faults could contribute to Parkinson's, study finds
A fault with the natural waste disposal system that helps to keep our brain cell 'batteries' healthy may contribute to neurodegenerative disease, a new study has found.

High maternal BMI during pregnancy unlikely to cause fatness in childhood and adolescence
There is little evidence to support any long-term impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) in pregnancy on a child's risk of fatness in childhood and adolescence, according to a new study published in PLOS Medicine by Rebecca Richmond of the University of Bristol, UK, and colleagues.

Drexel-led study into the impact of urban living on health awarded $12 million grant
Awarded $12 million by the Wellcome Trust as part of the its new Our Planet, Our Health initiative.

African-American veterans in mental health care are not as activated as white veterans
Patients who are activated -- meaning they have the knowledge, skills and confidence to manage their health and health care -- have better health outcomes.

When 'golden opportunity' to bribe arises, it's hard to pass up
The path to corrupt behavior may sometimes be a steep cliff instead of a slippery slope, according to new findings in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Postpartum depression & anxiety distinct from other mood disorders, brain studies suggest
On the surface, postpartum depression looks much like other forms of depression.

First of a kind footage of a living stylodactylid shrimp filter-feeding at depth of 4826 m
Depths such as those at the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument are an extreme challenge for explorers, providing scarce information about their inhabitants, let alone their behavior.

Two who enabled El Niño forecasts win 2017 Vetlesen Prize
Two scientists who untangled the complex forces that drive El Niño, the world's most powerful weather cycle, have won the 2017 Vetlesen Prize for achievement in earth sciences.

Study pinpoints opportunity for oncologists to improve prognosis communication
After communicating test results, an oncologist who asks, 'Would you like to talk about what this means?' gives patients permission to explore a serious discussion about life and death.

New approach improves five-year survival for pancreatic cancer patients
A University of Liverpool (UK) led clinical trial has been successful in prolonging survival for pancreatic cancer patients by at least five years as a result of a combination of chemotherapy drugs.

AGS extends hip fracture co-management program with geriatrics mending more than bones
With $1.4 million in renewed support from The John A.

Scientists get best view yet of cancer-causing virus HPV
New details of the structure of the human papillomavirus (HPV) may lead to better vaccines and HPV anti-viral medications, according to studies led by a Penn State College of Medicine researcher.

The universe in a cup of coffee (video)
Reactions, the ACS YouTube channel that covers the chemistry of everyday life, is joining PBS Digital Studios, a network of original web series from PBS that explore science, arts, culture and more.

Safe exercise guidelines for type 1 diabetes by int'l team led by York U researcher
An international team of researchers and clinicians led by York U Prof.

Modeling the rhythmic electrical activities of the brain
Researchers studying the brain have long been interested in its neural oscillations, the rhythmic electrical activity that plays an important role in the transmission of information within the brain's neural circuits.

How satellite data changed chimpanzee conservation efforts
Chimpanzees are an endangered species and scientists and conservationists are turning to the NASA-US Geological Survey Landsat satellites to help bolster their efforts to preserve their forest homes.

Scientists decipher a mechanism in serious skin infections
Scientists from the University of Tübingen and the German Center of Infection Research (DZIF) have been able to demonstrate that sugar polymers on the outer cell envelope of Staphylococcus aureus mean that the disease progresses in a particularly aggressive way -- and this suggests a starting point for possible treatment.

Human rotavirus manipulates immune response to maintain infection
Using a laboratory model of the human gut, scientists at Baylor College of Medicine and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have found that although human rotavirus does not succeed at preventing initial steps of the defense response, it is able to minimize subsequent steps that could stop its growth.

Cell of origin affects malignancy and drug sensitivity of brain tumors
Patients with glioblastoma have very poor prognosis since there are no effective therapies.

New national Lyme Disease Biobank to accelerate research by making samples available
Bay Area Lyme Foundation, a national organization funding research to make Lyme disease easy to diagnose and simple to cure, announces the launch of the Lyme Disease Biobank, which is the first program to provide researchers with blood and urine samples from people with acute Lyme disease from multiple regions across the country, including the East Coast, West Coast and Upper Midwest.

Immigration fears among Latinos can impact baby size at birth
With deportation and discrimination fears currently on the minds of many in the United States, a University of Michigan study shows that the stress from an historic immigration raid is associated with Latina mothers delivering babies with lower birth weights, and sometimes early.

Ubiquitous but overlooked, fluid is a source of muscle tension
The cellular fluid in every muscle fiber appears to play a key but previously unacknowledged role in the mechanics of muscle stretch, according to a new study by Brown University biologists.

Prized fossil find illuminates the lives of lizards in the Age of Dinosaurs
Paleontologists from the University of Washington, picking through a bounty of fossils from Montana, have discovered something unexpected -- a new species of lizard from the late dinosaur era, whose closest relatives roamed in faraway Asia.

What holds the heart together
Our hearts beat a life long. With every beat our heart muscle contracts and expands.

Starting menstrual periods at a young age increases risk of premature and early menopause
Women who had their first menstrual period when they were aged 11 or younger have an increased risk of an early or premature menopause and if they remain childless the risk is increased even more, according to results from the first large scale, multi-national study to investigate the links between age at puberty and menopause and whether or not a woman has had children.

U study: Law aiding infants at risk for hearing loss
A Utah law has led to increased early identification of infants with hearing loss due to a congenital infection, according to a new study by University of Utah and Utah Department of Health researchers.

New paper explains consequences of plant disappearance of Atlantic coast salt marshes
An new research paper, titled 'Response of Sediment Bacterial Communities to Sudden Vegetation Dieback in a Coastal Wetland,' examines the consequences of plant disappearance and changes in salt marsh soil communities following Sudden Vegetation Dieback (SVD) along the Atlantic coast.

Positive social support from a spouse could have negative consequences, new research shows
Offering your spouse what you believe to be positive support could have negative physiological effects on them, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

I can see clearly now
University of Utah engineers have created 'smart glasses' with liquid-based lenses that can automatically adjust the focus on what a person is seeing, whether it is far away or close up.

A brain wide chemical signal that enhances memory
How does heightened attention improve our mental capacity? This is the question tackled by new research published today in the journal Cell Reports, which reveals a chemical signal released across the brain in response to attention demanding or arousing situations.

Renal function impairment in patients undergoing elective EVAR vs. elective open repair
Endovascular (EVAR) or open surgical repair are current treatment options for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

In utero conditions can affect a teen's brain development
A new study shows that what happens to a fetus in the womb can affect the brain later in life.

Insidious wasp gets ahead by tunneling through host's head
A newly discovered wasp victimizes gall wasps by modifying their behavior and tunneling to freedom through their heads.

Researchers discover potential new target for treating glioblastoma
Scientists have found a way to inhibit the growth of glioblastoma, a type of brain cancer with low survival rates, by targeting a protein that drives growth of brain tumors, according to research from the Peter O'Donnell Jr.

New project to boost sat-nav positioning accuracy anywhere in world
A project exploiting global navigation satellite systems to establish the blueprint for the world's most accurate real-time positioning service is to run at the University of Nottingham.

Study unveils new way to starve tumors to death
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have exploited a common weak point in cancer cell metabolism, forcing tumor cells to reveal the backup fuel supply routes they rely on when this weak point is compromised.

Myth busted: No link between gigantic asteroid break-up and rise in biodiversity
Some 470 million years ago, during the middle part of the geological period known as the Ordovician, an asteroid collision took place somewhere between Mars and Jupiter.

Overall rate of death from cancer decreases in US
The overall rate of death from cancer declined about 20 percent between 1980 and 2014; however, there are distinct clusters of counties in the US with particularly high cancer mortality rates, according to a study in the Jan.

New MRI method aids long-term concussion prognosis
For concussion sufferers, physicians may now be able to predict early on who is more likely to continue experiencing symptoms months or years after the head-jarring event, using a new non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method devised by a consortium of researchers led by UC San Francisco scientists.

Finding new cancer drugs in the neighborhood
Computational biologists have looked at the complex networks of interacting proteins that drive cancer formation, and found that targeting the neighbors of cancer-causing proteins may be just as effective as focusing on the cancer proteins themselves.

Brain study shows impulsivity may weigh down some individuals
Researchers at the Center for BrianHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas have found a link between having an impulsive personality and a high body mass index (BMI).

Pope spurs Republicans to shift climate views
After Pope Francis framed climate change as a moral issue in his second encyclical, conservative Republicans shifted and began to see environmental dilemmas in the same way, according to a new study led by Cornell University communication researchers.

American College of Physicians praises blocked health insurance merger
The American College of Physicians (ACP) praises the ruling by a federal judge yesterday that blocked a proposed merger between health insurers Aetna and Humana.

Brain scan before antidepressant therapy may predict response
A functional MRI brain scan may help predict which patients will respond positively to antidepressant therapy, according to a new study published in the journal Brain.

Prenatal infection may alter brain development via epigenetic changes
Maternal infection during pregnancy increases the risk for psychiatric disorders in the child, but the path between the two is something of a mystery.

Lung cancer patients with anxiety, depression die sooner: Study
Patients who experience anxiety and depression after being diagnosed with advanced lung cancer are more likely to die sooner, according to new research from the University of British Columbia and BC Cancer Agency.

Scientists discover even wasps make trade deals
Scientists have discovered wasps have trading partners and compete for the 'best trade deals.'

Scripps Florida team awarded $1.8 million grant to develop drugs for heart disease and rheumatoid ar
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have been awarded approximately $1.8 million from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health to develop a series of drug candidates for a number of diseases, including heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis and several neurodegenerative disorders.

Scientists lay foundations for new type of solar cell
An interdisciplinary team of researchers has laid the foundations for an entirely new type of photovoltaic cell.

Climate change altered the natural selection -- large forehead patch no longer a winner
In a new study, researchers at Uppsala University have found evidence of that climate change upends selection of face characteristics in the collared flycatcher.

New models for validating computational simulations of blood flow and damage in medical devices
A collaborative effort to improve the development of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodologies for evaluating 'blood contacting' medical devices -- receiving the Willem Kollf Award for top abstract at the ASAIO 2016 conference -- is now reported in full in the ASAIO Journal, published by Wolters Kluwer.

AASM response to 'Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: Evidence Report'
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disease that remains underdiagnosed and undertreated.

New avenue for anti-depressant therapy discovered
Finnish researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety.

Mathematical model limits malaria outbreaks
Mathematical models can effectively predict and track malaria transmission trends, ultimately quantifying the efficiency of various treatment and eradication strategies in high-risk regions.

NAS honors five for major contributions in physical science and engineering
The National Academy of Sciences will honor five individuals with awards in recognition of their extraordinary scientific achievements in physical science and engineering.

Two treatments yield similar outcomes in children after in-hospital cardiac arrest
Body cooling vs. active fever prevention: Emergency body cooling does not improve survival or functional outcomes in children who experience in-hospital cardiac arrest any more than normal temperature control.

Super El Nino and the 2015 extreme summer drought over North China
A strong El Niño does not necessarily result in a higher predictability of extreme drought.

Evidence insufficient regarding screening for obstructive sleep apnea
The US Preventive Services Task Force has concluded that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for obstructive sleep apnea in asymptomatic adults (including adults with unrecognized symptoms).

UC San Diego biologists unlock code regulating most human genes
Molecular biologists at UC San Diego have unlocked the code that initiates transcription and regulates the activity of more than half of all human genes, an achievement that should provide scientists with a better understanding of how human genes are turned on and off.

Climate change paper studies carbon uptake in ecosystems
A new paper out Jan. 23 in the journal Nature Climate Change by University of Montana researcher Ashley Ballantyne delves into one of the great uncertainties in predicting future climate.

Cutting-edge autism science in spotlight at global conference
Some 750 scientists, educators, researchers, students, and autism specialists from approximately 15 countries are participating in the Association for Behavior Analysis International's Autism Conference.

Study shows how a dog's diet shapes its gut microbiome
Studies of the gut microbiome have gone to the dogs -- and pets around the world could benefit as a result.

Walker receives Charles R. Darwin Lifetime Achievement Award
Alan Walker, Evan Pugh Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and Biology was awarded the Charles R.

News media registration open for ENDO 2017: The 99th Annual Meeting & EXPO in Orlando, Fla.
Members of the media can now register to cover the latest advances in hormone health and science at ENDO 2017, the Endocrine Society's 99th Annual Meeting & Expo.

New technique quickly predicts salt marsh vulnerability
Scientists who developed a rapid assessment technique for determining which US coastal salt marshes are most imperiled by erosion were surprised to find that all eight of the Atlantic and Pacific Coast marshes where they field-tested their method are losing ground.

Researcher calls for conservation of ivory-billed woodpecker's habitat
The ivory-billed woodpecker's habitat should be protected despite the lack of definitive evidence of this species' existence, according to a new study published in Heliyon.

Surprising results found in the swimming mechanism of microorganism-related model
For years, B. Ubbo Felderhof, RWTH Aachen University, has explored the mechanisms fish and microorganisms rely on to propel themselves.

Can continuous glucose monitoring improve diabetes control in patients with type 1 diabetes who inject insulin
Two studies in the Jan. 24/31 issue of JAMA find that use of a sensor implanted under the skin that continuously monitors glucose levels resulted in improved levels in patients with type 1 diabetes who inject insulin multiple times a day, compared to conventional treatment.

Testing the waters
Researchers at the University of Alberta have conducted the first-ever study to use hydraulic fracturing fluids to examine effects on aquatic animals, such as rainbow trout.

Timing of chemo affects inflammation, mice study suggests
The time of day that breast cancer chemotherapy drugs are given affects the amount of damaging inflammation in the body, a new study in mice suggests.

Watching gene editing at work to develop precision therapies
University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have developed methods to observe gene editing in action, and they're putting those capabilities to work to improve genetic engineering techniques.

Half of breast cancer patients experience severe side effects
Nearly half of women treated for early stage breast cancer reported at least one side effect from their treatment that was severe or very severe, a new study finds.

Natural compound could improve treatment of triple-negative breast cancer
More than 100 women die from breast cancer every day in the United States.

The Lancet: Offering a 'stop smoking' taster session and personalized disease risk doubles likelihood smokers will seek help to quit
Offering smokers a taster session at an NHS Stop Smoking Service and explaining their personal risk of developing smoking-related diseases doubles their likelihood of attending a stop smoking course, according to a study in The Lancet.

Crime Victims' Institute releases report on victimization in Texas
The Crime Victims' Institute (CVI) released a summary of key indicators of victimization in Texas, which reflects changes in reported incidents, service utilization, and offender accountability over the last five years.

Penn researchers help unravel mysteries of pancreatic cancer's resistance to standard therapies
In a new study, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have illuminated one of pancreatic cancer's major resistance mechanisms: a form of inflammation that is triggered by the tumor in response to treatment and helps keep tumor cells alive.

Medical, scientific image analysis vastly improved by new software
Researchers at the University of Missouri have developed new software that will analyze any series of images much faster and more accurately than ever before.

Is the mental health-care system meeting the needs of sexual and gender minorities?
A study of mental health care and untreated depression among participants in Ontario, Canada, showed up to a 2.4 times greater self-perceived unmet need for transgender individuals and bisexual women compared to heterosexual, cisgender women.

Supercool electrons
Study of electron movement on helium may impact the future of quantum computing.

Chinese scientists discover a new species of catfish in Myanmar
During a survey of the freshwater fishes of the Mali Hka River drainage in a wildlife sanctuary in Myanmar, scientists Xiao-Yong Chen, Tao Qin and Zhi-Ying Chen, from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, identified a new catfish species among the collected specimens.

Small proteins help deliver receptors to the surface of our cells, ensuring their function and helping us avoid disease
Receptors on the surface of our cells enable a wide variety of functions from our sense of smell to memory.

HKU and international researchers promote marine fisheries reform in China
A study highlighting the challenges and opportunities of fishery management in China has just been released in a perspective piece 'Opportunity for Marine Fisheries Reform in China' in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, with the combined efforts of 18 international researchers all over the world, including an ecologist from the University of Hong Kong (HKU).

Dyslexia linked to shorter memory trace of previous stimuli
Researchers have provided new insight into the brain mechanisms underlying a condition that causes reading and writing difficulties.

2017 Louis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine
The 2017 Louis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine is awarded to SILVIA ARBER, Professor of Neurobiology at the Biozentrum, University of Basel, Switzerland and senior group leader at the Friedrich Miescher Institute (FMI) in Basel, Switzerland, and to the immunologist CAETANO REIS E SOUSA, senior group leader at the Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom.

New discovery: Nanometric imprinting on fiber
Researchers at EPFL have come up with a way of imprinting nanometric patterns on the inside and outside of polymer fibers.

Therapy for abnormal heartbeats may cause brain injury
A common treatment for irregular heartbeats known as catheter ablation may result in the formation of brain lesions when it is performed on the left side of the heart, according to new research at UC San Francisco.

Don't smile too big to be effective in online marketing ads, study finds
A new study that includes a University of Kansas researcher has found that the level of smile intensity in marketing photos influences how consumers perceive the marketer's competence and warmth, which can lead to different results depending on the context.

Large pre-ACA Medicaid expansion did not level health disparities in cancer surgery
An analysis of the New York State's Medicaid expansion, which predated the 2010 Affordable Care Act, finds substantial decrease in uninsured rate but little change in racial disparities when it comes to access to cancer surgery -- a proxy for complex cancer care.

New insights into the forms of metal-organic frameworks
A new study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), has introduced a new novel design strategy for synthesizing various forms of metal-organic materials (MOMs).

Finnish biopharmaceutical company Desentum closes financial round totalling nearly €2 million
Desentum, a company developing novel allergen immunotherapy -- a.k.a. allergy vaccine -- secured funding to advance their treatment targeting birch pollen allergy.

UTA awarded $6 million in 2016 to find new ways to identify and treat cancer
The University of Texas at Arlington is becoming a major cancer research institute, receiving more than $6 million dollars in new grants in 2016 to strengthen its integrated cancer research program and improve outcomes across the complete spectrum of the patient experience.

Consumer-use baby monitors have little proven benefit for healthy infants
It sounds simple and harmless -- an electronic sensor attached to a baby's sock that monitors vital signs and alerts parents on their smart phones if, for instance, an infant's oxygen saturation level drops.

New sensors can detect single protein molecules
For the first time, MIT engineers have designed sensors that can detect single protein molecules as they are secreted by cells.

Framing by political advocacy groups may jeopardize public understanding of Zika
The public's ability to understand the dangers posed by Zika virus may be jeopardized by advocacy groups linking the virus with culturally charged issues such as illegal immigration and global warming, the authors of a new study warn.

Deep brain stimulation studies in Alzheimer's disease pose ethical challenges
Promising, early studies of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease have paved a path for future clinical trials, but there are unique ethical challenges with this vulnerable population regarding decision making and post-study treatment access that need to be addressed as they ramp up, Penn Medicine researchers argue in a new review in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Bursts of methane may have warmed early Mars
The presence of water on ancient Mars is a paradox.

Researchers discover BRCA1 gene is key for blood forming stem cells
Researchers at from the Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center have found that the BRCA1 gene is required for the survival of blood forming stem cells, which could explain why patients with BRCA1 mutations do not have an elevated risk for leukemia.

What DNA can and can't tell us in criminal investigations must be clear
As DNA profiling has become increasingly sensitive and is used in more investigations, it is essential that public and professional expectations of this technology come not from TV crime fiction, but from reality.

Southern Italy: Earthquake hazard due to active plate boundary
Tectonically, the Mediterranean is extremely active and thus threatened by natural catastrophes.

Too little food from animal sources may increase risk of preterm birth
Pregnant women increase their chances of vitamin B12 deficiency if they don't consume enough meat, milk or eggs.

Sequencing poisonous mushrooms to potentially create medicine
A team of Michigan State University scientists has genetically sequenced two species of poisonous mushrooms, discovering that they can theoretically produce billions of compounds through one molecular assembly line.

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia
At the GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research was developed and tested a new method for a future treatment of cardiac arrhythmia.

An international study opens the door to personalized treatment for heart failure
An international study has identified a molecule that will open the door to personalized treatment for heart failure (HF).

Critically ill children don't benefit from tightest control of blood sugar
Critically ill infants and children do not gain extra benefit from control of their blood sugar level to lower levels, compared to higher levels within the usual care range, say researchers who led a national clinical trial.

Swarm of underwater robots mimics ocean life
Underwater robots developed by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego offer scientists an extraordinary new tool to study ocean currents and the tiny creatures they transport.

UD's Jaisi wins NSF Career Award for research on phosphorus in soil
Much like criminal forensic scientists use fingerprints to identify guilty parties at crime scenes, the University of Delaware's Deb Jaisi utilizes isotopic fingerprinting technology to locate the sources of phosphorus compounds and studies the degraded products they leave behind in soil and water.

Barrier-island migration drives large-scale marsh loss
Research shows Virginia's barrier islands are retreating up to 18 feet per year, with a resulting loss of at least 60 acres of saltmarsh annually. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to