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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | January 30, 2017


Certain heart fat associated with higher risk of heart disease in postmenopausal women
For the first time, researchers have pinpointed a type of heart fat, linked it to a risk factor for heart disease and shown that menopausal status and estrogen levels are critical modifying factors of its associated risk in women.
Study tallies extra calories Americans consume in their coffee, tea
More than 160 million people in the US drink coffee or tea on a regular basis, and many of them use sugar, cream, flavored syrups or other calorie-laden additives in their drinks of choice.
Meal planning, timing, may impact heart health
Planning and timing meals and snacks, such as not skipping breakfast and allocating more calories earlier in the day, might help reduce cardiovascular disease risk.
Hitting the right notes
Karla Rivera-Cáceres, a University of Miami biology graduate student, plays a harmonious duet of singing wrens from a recording she captured out in the field during a recent trip to Costa Rica.
Smoking gobbles up almost 6 percent of global health spend and nearly 2 percent of world's GDP
Smoking consumes almost 6 percent of the world's total spend on healthcare and nearly 2 percent of global GDP, reveals the first study of its kind, published in the journal Tobacco Control.
How to to bring lithium-air batteries closer to practice
Scientists from the Faculties of Materials Science and Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, are working on improvement of lithium-air batteries, which can significantly exceed the key parameters of lithium-ion systems.
Vitamin B12: Power broker to the microbes
In the microbial world, vitamin B12 is a hot commodity.
Scientists illuminate the neurons of social attraction
The ancient impulse to procreate is necessary for survival and must be hardwired into our brains.
Lost in translation: Traffic noise disrupts communication between species
Research by scientists at the University of Bristol has found that man-made noise can hinder the response of animals to the warning signals given by other species, putting them at greater risk of death from predators.
Iowa State scientist receives grants to improve glacier-flow models, sea-level predictions
Iowa State's Neal Iverson, who has studied glaciers in Iceland and Norway, is working with an international team on two projects that aim to build more realistic computer models of glacier flow.
Colorado's wildfire-stricken forests showing limited recovery
Colorado forests stricken by wildfire are not regenerating as well as expected and may partially transform into grasslands and shrublands in coming decades, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
New TSRI study shows early brain changes in Fragile X syndrome
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) is giving researchers a first look at the early stages of brain development in patients with Fragile X syndrome, a disorder that causes mild to severe intellectual disability and is the most common genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder.
Deciphering the emergence of neuronal diversity
Neuroscientists at UNIGE have analysed the diversity of inhibitory interneurons during the developmental period surrounding birth.
A better way to farm algae
Researchers at Syracuse University have developed a method that improves the growth of microalgae, which could have big implications for production of biofuels and other valuable chemicals.
Fighting age-related fibrosis to keep organs young
Their research indicates that an already-FDA-approved drug used by cystic fibrosis patients could shield our organs from fibrosis during acute events, like lung infection or heart attack.
Computer work dominates physician workday
Internal medicine physicians at a Swiss teaching hospital frequently worked overtime and spent about three times as much time using a computer as they did on patients.
Genomic tools for species discovery inflate estimates of species numbers, U-Michigan biologists contend
Increasingly popular techniques that infer species boundaries in animals and plants solely by analyzing genetic differences are flawed and can lead to inflated diversity estimates, according to a new study from two University of Michigan evolutionary biologists.
Temple launches Center of Excellence to address opioid use in pregnancy
Pregnancy is a brief but powerful window of opportunity to identify and treat opioid addiction.
DNA analysis of seawater detects 80 percent of fish species in just 1 day
A Japanese research group has used a new technology that identifies multiple fish species populating local areas by analyzing DNA samples from seawater, and proved that this method is accurate and more effective than visual observation.
Anticancer properties of mono/di-halogenated coumarins
In the present investigation, mono/di-halogenated coumarins CMRN1-CMRN7 have been synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity.
NASA sees Ex-Tropical Cyclone 03S resemble a frontal system
Satellite data from NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite showed that former Tropical Cyclone 03S resembled a frontal system in the Southern Indian Ocean as it continued moving in a northwesterly direction over cooler sea surface temperatures.
World Heritage sites getting hammered by human activities
A new study warns that more than 100 natural World Heritage sites are being severely damaged by encroaching human activities.
Researchers decode rare form of adrenal gland genetic disorder linked to gender ambiguity
A complete clinical and genetic profile of a rare inherited disorder, steroid 11-hydroxylase deficiency, which can cause genital masculinization in females, is being reported by an international group of researchers led by investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.
Save the Date: ACS Quality and Safety Conference Convenes in New York City July 21-24
Surgical team members, clinical registry experts, and allied and administrative health care professionals dedicated to raising the bar on the quality of surgical care and patient safety are invited to attend the American College of Surgeons (ACS) 2017 Quality and Safety Conference.
School bullying linked to lower academic achievement, research finds
A study that tracked hundreds of children from kindergarten through high school found that chronic or increasing levels of bullying were related to lower academic achievement, a dislike of school and low confidence by students in their own academic abilities, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.
Don't be so hard on yourself! UBC study on first-year student stress
Stressed out university students, take note: self-compassion may be the key to making it through your first year, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.
Largest genetic study of inflammatory bowel disease provides clues on new drug targets
In two studies published Jan. 30 in Nature Genetics, researchers from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators have identified a genetic variant that doubles an individual's risk of developing ulcerative colitis, one of the subtypes of a chronic disorder known as inflammatory bowel disease.
Micro-bubbles and frequency combs
Optics research into glass micro-bubbles resonators produces interesting non-linear effects in the visible regime.
Why the bar needs to be raised for human clinical trials
Standards for authorizing first-time trials of drugs in humans are lax, and should be strengthened in several ways, McGill University researchers argue in a paper published today in Nature.
Hormone may offer new contraceptive that protects ovaries from chemotherapy
A team from the Massachusetts General Hospital Pediatric Surgical Research Laboratories reports that a naturally occurring hormone that plays an important role in fetal development may be the basis for a reversible contraceptive that can protect ovaries from the damage caused by chemotherapy.
Cardiovascular disease-related hospital admissions jump on second day after major snowfall
Hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases decline on days with major snowfalls compared to days with no snowfall, but they jump by 23 percent two days later, according to a new study led by researchers from Harvard T.H.
Fluorescence dyes from the pressure cooker
Perylene bisimides are a heavily investigated and sought after class of organic pigments, since they show interesting dye properties.
Kids should pay more attention to mistakes, study suggests
Children who believe intelligence can grow pay more attention to and bounce back from their mistakes more effectively than kids who think intelligence is fixed, indicates a new study that measured the young participants' brain waves.
Action is needed to make stagnant CO2 emissions fall
2016 marked the third year in a row when global carbon dioxide emissions remained relatively flat, but actual declines won't materialize without advances in carbon capture and storage technology and sustained growth in renewables.
Too many Bambi are bad for the forest
Overabundant deer can spell trouble for people, including frequent car collisions and the spread of zoonotic diseases.
Over 100 new blood pressure genes could provide new targets for treating hypertension
Scientists have found 107 new gene regions associated with high blood pressure, potentially enabling doctors to identify at-risk patients and target treatments.
Unique mapping of methylome in insulin-producing islets
Throughout our lives, our genes are affected by the way we live.
Kansas State University is the 'Silicon Valley for biodefense,' according to Blue Ribbon Study Panel
When the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense visited Kansas State University for a series of agrodefense discussions, the university cemented its status as a national leader in animal health, biosciences and food safety research.
Recent upsurge of A(H7N9) cases in China, updated ECDC rapid risk assessment
At present, the most immediate threat to EU citizens is to those living or visiting influenza A(H7N9)-affected areas in China concludes the updated rapid risk assessment.
New study looks at LGBT allies in college sports
The sports world has not always been considered inviting for those who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender.
Antibiotics can boost bacterial reproduction
The growth of bacteria can be stimulated by antibiotics, scientists at the University of Exeter have discovered.
Super-sizing world's nature havens would add people to valued species list
A group of scientists are recommending giving the world's nature reserves a makeover to defend not only flora and fauna, but people, too.
NASA's Fermi sees gamma rays from 'hidden' solar flares
NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has observed high-energy light from solar eruptions located on the far side of the sun -- light it shouldn't be able to see.
Move over Bear Grylls! Academics build ultimate solar-powered water purifier
You've seen Bear Grylls turn foul water into drinking water with little more than sunlight and plastic.
Scientific societies send 'scientific integrity' letter to President Trump
The American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), and the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA) sent an open letter today to President Trump, asking that he 'protect and defend the scientific integrity of federal scientists.'
Misdiagnosed foot, ankle injuries may result in arthritis, chronic pain and disability
Front-line physicians are advised to err on the side of caution and opt for additional imaging and second opinions when diagnosing six common foot and ankle injuries.
New study shows how plants fight off disease
A University of Queensland-led study has highlighted the minute details of how the plant¹s immune system leads to its ability to resist disease.
Storing solar power increases energy consumption and emissions, study finds
Homes with solar panels do not require on-site storage to reap the biggest economic and environmental benefits of solar energy, according to research from the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin.
Where are the tools for scientific writing?
Writing a scientific research paper is tough at the best of times regardless of funding conditions and political intervention.
Online database aims to collect, organize research on cancer mutations
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed an online 'knowledgebase' intended for the gathering and organization of this information so that clinicians have improved chances of identifying important mutations in a patient's tumor and potentially connecting genetic errors with drugs known to target them.
Bone markers as screening strategy for patient adherence to osteoporosis medications
This IOF and ECTS Working Group position paper proposes measuring specific bone turnover markers (BTMs) in patients who have initiated use of oral bisphosphonates for postmenopausal osteoporosis as a practical way to identify low adherence.
A new path to fixing genes in living organisms
A gene-editing method shows promise for using targeted gene-replacement therapy in living organisms.
Natural World Heritage Sites hammered by human activities
A University of Queensland-led international study published today warns that more than 100 Natural World Heritage Sites are being destroyed by encroaching human activities.
Report describes VHA clinical demonstration project for lung cancer screening
Implementing a comprehensive lung cancer screening program was challenging and complex according to a new article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine that describes a lung cancer demonstration project conducted at eight academic Veterans Health Administration hospitals.
Researchers shed light on how viruses enter the intestine
Researchers use 'mini-gut' model to show how enteroviruses invade the intestine.
First-ever GPS data release to boost space-weather science
Today, more than 16 years of space-weather data is publicly available for the first time in history.
Cell-tracking agents get a boost
An improved compound of bismuth and carbon nanotubes could enhance the ability to track stem cells as they move through the body and target diseases.
Origami of the cell
A UCSB cell biologist shows that blocking a critical enzyme helps to mitigate diseases associated with protein folding and lipid stress.
How stressful will a trip to Mars be on the human body?
Preliminary research results for the NASA Twins Study debuted at NASA's Human Research Program's annual Investigators' Workshop in Galveston, Texas the week of Jan.
Shift to tighter physician-hospital integration is more complex than expected
More physicians are contracting with hospitals through different types of agreements, but the shift to tighter physician-hospital integration is more complex than expected, according to new research from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.
Study reveals substantial evidence of holographic universe
A UK, Canadian and Italian study has provided what researchers believe is the first observational evidence that our universe could be a vast and complex hologram.
A glitch in 'gatekeeper cells' slowly suffocates the brain
Abnormality with special cells that wrap around blood vessels in the brain leads to neuron deterioration, possibly affecting the development of Alzheimer's disease, a USC-led study reveals.
Researchers identify mechanism in chikungunya virus that controls infection and severity
Researchers led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have identified a mechanism by which the chikungunya virus infects healthy cells and controls how severe the disease it causes will be, a mechanism they believe can be found in a number of other related viruses for which there are no treatments or licensed vaccines.
Animal genetics: The bovine heritage of the yak
Though placid enough to be managed by humans, yaks are robust enough to survive at 4,000 meters altitude.
Trials examine immune drug's potential to treat different forms of vasculitis
Two new studies provide valuable insights into the treatment of different types of vasculitis, which are conditions that cause blood vessels to become inflamed.
Plant regulatory proteins 'tagged' with sugar
New work reveals that the process of synthesizing many important master proteins in plants involves extensive modification, or 'tagging' by sugars after the protein is assembled.
Oxford University Press to publish Diseases of the Esophagus
Oxford University Press and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus (ISDE) are pleased to announce their new partnership to publish Diseases of the Esophagus, ISDE's monthly scientific journal.
Researchers develop wearable, low-cost sensor to measure skin hydration
Researchers have developed a wearable, wireless sensor that can monitor a person's skin hydration to detect dehydration before it poses a health problem.
UT student wins competition at Beltwide Cotton Conference
Shawn Butler, a doctoral candidate at UT CASNR, recently won first place in a student oral paper competition at the 2017 Beltwide Cotton Conference.
'Mini-guts' offer clues to pediatric GI illness
Using immature stem cells to create a miniature model of the gut in the laboratory, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
New genome-mapping technique opens new avenues for precision medicine
Scientists have uncovered a method for quickly and efficiently mapping the genome of single cells within the body.
Keeping antennas at peak performance
KAUST shows the detection of partial faults in antenna array systems could prevent surreptitious performance degradation in wireless networks.
Both push and pull drive our galaxy's race through space
What is propelling the Milky Way's race through space? By 3-D mapping the flow of galaxies through space, researchers found that the Milky Way galaxy is speeding away from a large, previously unidentified region of low density.
Bag-like sea creature was humans' oldest known ancestor
Researchers have identified traces of what they believe is the earliest known prehistoric ancestor of humans -- a microscopic, bag-like sea creature, which lived about 540 million years ago.
Model shows female beauty isn't just sex appeal
Female beauty may have less to do with attracting the opposite sex than previously thought, at least in animals.
Study of mice shows protein in womb plays lifelong role in bone health
Osteogenesis imperfecta, also known as brittle bone disease, is a genetic disorder that causes bones to break easily.
New translation opens a window into the world of the 'father of genetics'
For decades the 'father of genetics' Gregor Mendel has been portrayed as living an isolated, monk-like existence, cut off from society.
Role of terrestrial biosphere in counteracting climate change may have been underestimated
New research suggests that the capacity of the terrestrial biosphere to absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) may have been underestimated in past calculations due to certain land-use changes not being fully taken into account.
Silencing cancer cell communication may reduce the growth of tumors
In this issue of the JCI, a study led by Frances Balkwill at Barts Cancer Institute evaluated whether blocking cancer cell communication through the CCR4 receptor could reverse the pro-tumor environment in a mouse model of cancer.
Discovery of new fossil from half billion years ago sheds light on life on Earth
Scientists from universities of Leicester and Cambridge find an 'unfossilizable' creature.
Where the cladocerans came from
A group of scientists, including the researchers from the White Sea Biological Station, Lomonosov Moscow State University has studied dispersal routes of cladocerans through Northern Eurasia, which are a food for many fish species.
Scientists unravel the process of meltwater in ocean depths
An international team of researchers has discovered why fresh water, melted from Antarctic ice sheets, is often detected below the surface of the ocean, rather than rising to the top above denser seawater.
What primary care providers should know about diabetic neuropathy
Researchers at Michigan Medicine led a group of internationally recognized endocrinologists and neurologists from both sides of the Atlantic and teamed up with the American Diabetes Association to craft a new position statement on the prevention, treatment and management of diabetic neuropathy.
Engineered intrinsically disordered proteins provide biomedical insights
Biomedical researchers have engineered the first examples of biomimetic structures composed from a mysterious class of proteins that lack any sort of internal structure.
McCullough honored with prestigious NIH Javits Award for stroke research
Louise D. McCullough, M.D., Ph.D., of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), has been awarded the Javits Neuroscience Investigator Award from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).
Jane Lubchenco to receive Public Welfare Medal -- Academy's most prestigious award
The National Academy of Sciences is presenting its 2017 Public Welfare Medal to renowned environmental scientist and marine ecologist Jane Lubchenco in recognition of her 'successful efforts in bringing together the larger research community, its sponsors, and the public policy community to focus on urgent issues related to global environmental change.'
Milestone for the analysis of human proteomes
Researchers led by the Technical University of Munich report on the synthesis of a library of more than 330,000 reference peptides representing essentially all canonical proteins of the human proteome.
Robert Flanigan, M.D., receives American Urological Association's highest honor
The American Urological Association has given Robert C. Flanigan, M.D., chair of Loyola Medicine's department of urology, the association's highest honor.
New smartwatch software may now verify your signatures
New software from Tel Aviv University that measures wrist movements can be used to verify signatures, replacing tablets and digital pens.
Cosmic dust that formed our planets traced to giant stars
Scientists have identified the origin of key stardust grains present in the dust cloud from which the planets in our solar system formed, a study suggests.
Pop! goes the hearing, balloon study suggests
A common birthday party favor can blow up into a problem for children -- but also a bigger conversation about hearing loss, say University of Alberta researchers.
Simple intervention proves effective in reducing suicide among active-duty soldiers
This study's findings show there was a 75 percent reduction in suicide attempts among participants who engaged in crisis response planning versus a contract for safety.
Brain potassium channels may unlock future precision medicine approaches for alcoholism
Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), through collaborative efforts with the NIH-funded INIAstress Consortium, have identified novel potassium (K+) channel genes within addiction brain circuitry that are altered by alcohol dependence and correlate with drinking levels in a mouse model of alcohol drinking.
Unraveling the mystery of why cancer cells survive and thrive
Cancer cells hijack a mechanism that enables stem cells and germ cells to continue dividing, by reactivating telomerase.
UTHealth study: 78 percent of hospital workers in Houston are overweight or obese
Seventy-eight percent of employees at Houston hospitals are overweight or obese, according to a study by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health.
Can mentally stimulating activities reduce the risk of MCI in older adults?
Engaging in some brain-stimulating activities was associated with a lower risk of developing mild cognitive impairment in a study of cognitively normal adults 70 and older, according to a new article published online by JAMA Neurology.
500-million year-old species offers insights into the lives of ancient legged worms
A new species of lobopodian, a worm-like animal with soft legs from the Cambrian period (541 to 485 million years ago), has been described for the first time from fossils found in the Burgess Shale in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
Prior DUIs predict future criminal activity among firearm owners
Among individuals who legally purchased handguns in California, prior convictions for driving under the influence (DUI) and other alcohol-related crimes were associated with a substantial increase in risk for subsequent violent or firearm-related crime, according to a study published Jan.
Very low levels of bad cholesterol well-tolerated in heart disease patients
Heart disease patients taking PCSK9 inhibitors to achieve very low levels of cholesterol do not experience an increase in adverse events, including memory impairment or nervous system disorders, but may have an increased risk of cataracts, according to a study today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
New research may pave the way for peripheral nerve damage repair
Research published today, Jan. 30, 2017 online in the Journal of Cell Biology, has for the first time identified how a bodily protein allows nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) to repair following injury.
Prediction of large earthquakes probability improved
As part of the 'Research in Collaborative Mathematics' project run by the Obra Social 'la Caixa', researchers of the Mathematics Research Centre (CRM) and the UAB have developed a mathematical law to explain the size distribution of earthquakes, even in the cases of large-scale earthquakes such as those which occurred in Sumatra (2004) and in Japan (2011).
Practice makes perfect, and 'overlearning' locks it in
People who continued to train on a visual task for 20 minutes past the point of mastery locked in that learning, shielding it from interference by new learning, a new study in Nature Neuroscience shows.
How X-rays in matter create genetoxic low-energy electrons
Researchers have investigated what X-rays in matter really do and identified a new mechanism of producing low-energy free electrons.
URMC drug extends effectiveness of HIV therapy
A drug developed at the University of Rochester Medical Center extends the effectiveness of multiple HIV therapies by unleashing a cell's own protective machinery on the virus.
Acupuncture boosts effectiveness of standard medical care for chronic pain and depression
Health specialists at the University of York have found than acupuncture treatment can boost the effectiveness of standard medical care, lessening the severity of chronic pain and depression.
Regular exercise may reduce high blood pressure risk in African-Americans
Regular moderate to vigorous physical activity can reduce the risk of high blood pressure in African-Americans.
New Cheyenne supercomputer triples scientific capability with greater efficiency
NCAR is launching operations this month of one of the world's most powerful and energy-efficient supercomputers, providing the nation with a major new tool to advance understanding of the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences.
Researchers identify drug that alleviates opioid withdrawal
Opioid use and abuse is a significant social, health and economic issue.
Understanding breakups
As interest and demand for nanotechnology continues to rise, so will the need for nanoscale printing and spraying, which relies on depositing tiny drops of liquid onto a surface.
Scientists uncover possible therapeutic targets for rare autism spectrum disorder
Researchers have uncovered 30 genes that could, one day, serve as therapeutic targets to reverse Rett syndrome, a rare neurological disorder that affects only girls and is a severe form of an autism spectrum disorder.
We dislike hypocrites because they deceive us
We're averse to hypocrites because their disavowal of bad behavior sends a false signal, misleading us into thinking they're virtuous when they're not, according to new findings in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
High-altitude living decreases the risk of heart disease
This new research is the first to to link living at high altitudes and the risk to initially healthy people developing all the criteria that make up the metabolic syndrome, a combination of high blood pressure, sugar and cholesterol levels, as well as excess body fat around the waist, that contributes to serious health problems.
Epigenetic diversity in childhood cancer
Tumors of the elderly carry many DNA mutations that can influence disease course.
Newborn screening for severe immunodeficiency: Advantage in the case of early treatment
Early screening for SCID combined with infection prophylaxis and subsequent treatment can prevent severe or deadly infections.
Nature-based sunscreens
The ideal sunscreen should block UVB and UVA radiation while being safe and stable.
Shootings in US schools are linked to increased unemployment
A Northwestern University study has found that economic insecurity is related to the rate of gun violence at K-12 and postsecondary schools in the United States.
Patient study suggests broader genetic testing for colorectal cancer risk
New study shows as many as 10 percent of colorectal cancer patients may carry an inherited gene mutation linked to cancer.
Kidney function in stroke patients associated with short-term outcomes
A routine blood test that measures kidney function can be a valuable predictor of short-term outcomes for stroke patients, according to a study led by a neurologist at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
New study shows mindfulness motivates people to make healthier choices
People who are more mindful -- aware of the present moment -- are less likely to feel shame when confronted with health advice and are thus more motivated to make positive behavior changes, according to new research from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania.
Gulf shrimp prices reveal hidden economic impact of dead zones
Hypoxic dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico drive up the price of large shrimp relative to smaller sizes, causing economic ripples that can affect consumers, fishermen and seafood markets alike, a Duke-led analysis reveals.
NASA's Fermi discovers the most extreme blazars yet
NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has identified the farthest gamma-ray blazars, a type of galaxy whose intense emissions are powered by supersized black holes.
NIST, partners 'cutting the cord' (and wires) from factory communication networks
By eliminating physical connections from a facility's communication network, wireless technology offers a means to run entire operations more efficiently, more productively and at less cost.
Carol Anelli to deliver 2017 ESA Founders' Memorial lecture
Carol M. Anelli, Ph.D., a distinguished professor and Interim Chair of the Department of Entomology at the Ohio State University, has been selected to deliver the Founders' Memorial Award lecture at Entomology 2017, the annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America (ESA), November 5-8 in Denver.
Mayo Clinic researchers find mental activities may protect against mild cognitive impairment
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that engaging in mentally stimulating activities, even late in life, may protect against new-onset mild cognitive impairment, which is the intermediate stage between normal cognitive aging and dementia.
The attraction effect: How our brains can be influenced
The decisions we make are influenced by other possibilities that we did not choose.
New ocean observations improve understanding of motion
Oceanographers commonly calculate large scale surface ocean circulation from satellite sea level information using a concept called 'geostrophy', which describes the relationship between oceanic surface flows and sea level gradient.
People infected with HIV may be more susceptible to diabetes
People infected with HIV may be more susceptible to developing diabetes, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.
Penn/CHOP study helps inform interventions for global road traffic injury crisis
A research team led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's Center for Injury Research and Prevention worked with a major US multinational corporation to investigate employee perceptions of road risks and strategies to reduce road traffic injuries.
NIH awards $21 million to research consortium to study epilepsy in patients with traumatic brain injuries
An international consortium of academic research institutions have been awarded a $21 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop better ways to prevent epilepsy in patients who have suffered traumatic brain injuries.
Viral protein transforms as it measures out DNA
Jefferson researchers pieced together the three-dimensional atomic structure of a doughnut-shaped protein that acts like a door or 'portal' for the DNA to get in and out of the capsid, and have now discovered that this protein begins to transform its structure when it comes into contact with DNA.
Using fruit flies to study cancer: FSU scientists investigate childhood tumors
Professor of Biological Science Wu-Min Deng and postdoctoral researcher Gengqiang Xie published a new paper in the journal Cancer Research that describes how a complex protein called Snr1, the homologue of human SMARCB1/hSNF5/INI1, acts as a tumor suppressor in an unconventional manner in fruit flies.
One-year mission investigators debut preliminary results at NASA workshop
Preliminary research results for the NASA One-Year Mission debuted last week at an annual NASA conference.
First stem cell study in the world for CF opens at UH Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital
The first stem cell trial in the world for cystic fibrosis opened at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital.
Smoke-free policy cuts nicotine detected in Philadelphia public housing in half: Study
The largest public housing authority to implement comprehensive smoke-free policies, the Philadelphia Housing Authority, is seeing significant positive results related to secondhand smoke exposures.
Miriam Hospital awarded $2.8 million NIH grant to study weight loss, recurring gestational diabetes
Women who have gestational diabetes (GDM) in one pregnancy are very likely to develop it again on their next pregnancy.
Preventing blood clots with a new metric for heart function
Scientists from Johns Hopkins University and Ohio State University have discovered a new method for predicting those most at risk for thrombus, or blood clots, in the heart.
Heart failure survival rates show no improvement
Survival rates for people suffering from heart failure have not improved since 1998, according to a study led by University of Oxford researchers.
Chinese Academy of Sciences awards LSU physicist for international scientific contributions
LSU Department of Physics & Astronomy Professor E. Ward Plummer has been honored with the Award for International Scientific Cooperation from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, or CAS.
Rule could take one-third of chest pain patients off emergency department heart monitors
Ottawa researchers have validated a rule that could safely take a third of chest pain patients in the emergency department off of heart monitors, according to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Low back pain in school-aged children a common occurrence
Low back pain in school-aged children is a common occurrence, and the prevalence of low back pain increases once children reach school age according to a recent review of the literature published online today by the Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics.
Radio devices to save rare species from poachers
A joint project between conservationists and electronics experts at the University of Kent has developed miniature radio devices in tamper-proof casings to protect rare species from poachers.
Study reveals evidence that the universe is a hologram
The first observational evidence that the universe could be a hologram has been published in the journal Physical Review Letters.

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