Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 01, 2017
Genetically modified insects could disrupt international food trade
Genetically modified organisms for pest control could end up as contaminants in agricultural products throughout the globe.

UH research finds evidence of 2 billion years of volcanic activity on Mars
Analysis of a Martian meteorite found in Africa in 2012 has uncovered evidence of at least 2 billion years of volcanic activity on Mars.

'Mirror game' test could secure early detection of schizophrenia, study shows
A pioneering new study, led by experts from the University of Exeter in collaboration with partners from the Alterego FP7 EU project, has developed a new, 'mirror game' test using computer avatars to accurately detect specific variations in how patients move and interact socially -- well-documented characteristics of the mental disorder.

Early signs of anxiety, depression may be evident in the brains of newborns
Early predictors of anxiety and depression may be evident in the brain even at birth, suggests a study published in the February 2017 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP).

High-resolution imaging reveals new understanding of battery cathode particles
Using advanced imaging techniques, scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have been able to observe what exactly happens inside a cathode particle as lithium-ion batteries are charged and discharged.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Feb. 1 issue
Every moment, our brains are bombarded with more information than we can consciously process.

New route-finding tool lets pedestrians avoid hills, construction, accessibility barriers
The University of Washington's AccessMap project has launched a new online travel planner offering customizable suggestions for people who need accessible or pedestrian-friendly routes when getting from point A to B in Seattle.

Certainty in complex scientific research an unachievable goal
A study on uncertainty in research could shed light on anomalies that arose in early attempts to discover the Higgs boson, and even how polls failed to predict the election of Donald Trump.

Sandia receives ENERGISE award to study how to help utilities better manage power systems
Sandia National Laboratories has been awarded a three-year, $2.5 million award to help utility companies better visualize, manage and protect power systems as they include increasing numbers of distributed energy resources (DER) such as wind and solar.

Yale scientists identify key defect in brain tumor cells
In a new study, Yale researchers identified a novel genetic defect that prevents brain tumor cells from repairing damaged DNA.

Coastal wetlands excel at storing carbon
A new analysis co-authored by a University of Maryland scientist suggests that, while coastal wetlands serve as effective 'blue carbon' storage reservoirs for carbon dioxide, other marine ecosystems do not store carbon for long periods of time.

ESMO Summit Africa 2017
The ESMO Summit Africa is a three-day educational event with presentations focused on several key disease sites.

Marine ecosystems show resilience to climate disturbance
Climate change is one of the most powerful stressors threatening marine biomes.

Why thick skin develops on our palms and soles, and its links to cancer
Scientists from Queen Mary University of London have discovered that foot callouses/keratoderma (thickened skin) can be linked to cancer of the esophagus (gullet), a disease which affects more than 8,000 people in the UK each year.

More dialysis does not deliver benefits, study finds
Doubling the amount of dialysis did not improve overall quality of life for patients with kidney failure, a study conducted by The George Institute for Global Health has found.

Repurposing 2 autoimmune drugs for chikungunya virus
Two new studies explore strategies that could offer relief from the debilitating joint pain caused by chikungunya virus infections, an emerging disease with no known therapies.

Challenges of breeding 'VIPeas'
Breeding new varieties of chickpeas with desirable traits -- such as increased resistance to diseases and pests -- is difficult.

FAU first to video newly discovered population of monkeys thought to be nearing extinction
Using remote sensing cameras and sound recorders, FAU scientists are the first to capture rare video footage of a newly discovered population of critically endangered monkeys in one of the most remote regions in the world.

SLU researchers receive $416,000 to further work toward hepatitis B cure
Saint Louis University scientists aim to advance our understanding of how the hepatitis B virus replicates in order to develop a new drug that could cure the viral infection.

Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries
A team led by the California Institute of Technology's Thomas Miller used the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to identify new electrolyte materials with promising properties for lithium-ion conduction in batteries.

First functional fish head joint discovered in deep-sea dragonfishes in museum collections
Scientists with the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History and the French Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle are the first to describe and illustrate an evolutionary novelty among fishes -- a unique, flexible connection between the skull and vertebral column in barbeled dragonfishes, a group of closely related deep-sea predatory fishes.

Lower incidence of esophagitis in elderly NSCLC patients undergoing definitive radiation
Elderly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing definitive radiation have a lower incidence of esophagitis compared to younger patients and tolerate aggressive standard treatment regimens.

Cocktail of bacteria-killing viruses prevents cholera infection in animal models
Oral administration of a cocktail of three viruses, all of which specifically kill cholera bacteria, protects against infection and prevents cholera-like symptoms in animal model experiments.

A head joint found in deep-sea fishes may enable them to swallow large prey
Some deep-sea fishes have a head joint that may enable them to open their mouths wide for consuming large prey, according to a study published Feb.

Improving health of parenting grandparents the aim of new $2 million NIH grant
As the number of grandparents caring for grandchildren full-time continues to swell, so do the stress-induced health risks associated with such a demanding responsibility.

Oil production releases more methane than previously thought
Emissions of methane and ethane from oil production have been substantially higher than previously estimated, particularly before 2005.

Ozone watch
The symposium covers all issues related to atmospheric ozone, including trends of ozone in the stratosphere and troposphere, ozone-climate interactions, latest emerging techniques for ozone observations, and effects of ozone on human health, ecosystems and food production.

Study adds to evidence that electronic cigarettes are not harmless
A study published in JAMA Cardiology has added to growing evidence that electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are not harmless.

Building up biomaterials: Michigan Tech researchers lead Forest Bioeconomy Conference
What do furniture makers, the auto industry and foresters all have in common?

Study: Social biases contribute to challenges for those with autism
A new study found that negative first impressions formed by potential social partners may reduce the quality of social experiences for people with autism.

Travel restrictions 'a step backward' for US medical education, research and health care
The executive order restricting individuals from seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the US is 'a step backward,' for medical education, patient care and biomedical research in this country, write medical department leaders from Massachusetts General Hospital and six other major academic medical centers.

Peacock colors inspire 'greener' way to dye clothes
'Fast fashion' might be cheap, but its high environmental cost from dyes polluting the water near factories has been well documented.

Some fast-food packaging contains potentially harmful fluorinated compounds
Grease-proof packaging has helped make pizzas, burgers and tacos on-the-go a less messy proposition.

NTU Singapore and Ben-Gurion University ink partnership to combat advanced cyber threats
Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) are collaborating to find innovative ways to counter cyber threats.

Boom or bust for post-Brexit Britain? UK politicians are split
Members of the UK Parliament (MPs) are starkly divided on Britain's economic future post-Brexit.

TSRI scientists show deep brain stimulation blocks heroin relapse in rats
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that deep brain stimulation (DBS) can greatly reduce the compulsion to use heroin in standard rat models of addiction.

Vitamin C may decrease the risk of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery
Vitamin C decreased the incidence of post-operative atrial fibrillation by 44 percent in cardiac surgery patients in nine randomized trials that were conducted outside of the USA according to a meta-analysis published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.

Scientists determine precise 3-D location, identity of all 23,000 atoms in a nanoparticle
Scientists used one of the world's most powerful electron microscopes to map the precise location and chemical type of 23,000 atoms in an extremely small particle made of iron and platinum.

Complex bacterium writes new evolutionary story
A University of Queensland-led international study has discovered a new type of bacterial structure which has previously only been seen in more complex cells.

UT Southwestern researchers identify gene that protects against inflammatory bowel disease
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a gene that protects the gut from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Controlling electron spin makes water splitting more efficient
One of the main obstacles in the production of hydrogen through water splitting is that hydrogen peroxide is also formed, which affects the efficiency stability of the reaction and the stability of the production.

Scientists discover peptide that could reduce the incidence of RSV-related asthma
Researchers have found that a peptide, called STAT6-IP, when delivered to the lungs of neonatal mice at the time of first RSV exposure reduces the development of allergic-type lung inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness ('twitchy' airways) in mice when they are 're-challenged' with RSV as young adults.

Transparent gel-based robots can catch and release live fish
Engineers at MIT have fabricated transparent, gel-based robots that move when water is pumped in and out of them.

Citizen Science in the Digital Age: Rhetoric, Science and Public Engagement
James Wynn's timely investigation highlights scientific studies grounded in publicly gathered data and probes the rhetoric these studies employ.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: IFAC Journal of Systems and Control
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, and the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC) today announced the launch of a new joint publication, IFAC Journal of Systems and Control.

Sandia's solar glitter closer to market with new licensing agreement
An Albuquerque company founded by a Sandia National Laboratories scientist-turned-entrepreneur has received a license for a 'home-grown' technology that could revolutionize the way solar energy is collected and used.

Sperm changes documented years after chemotherapy
A Washington State University researcher has documented epigenetic changes in the sperm of men who underwent chemotherapy in their teens.

Soccer ball heading may commonly cause concussion symptoms
Frequent soccer ball heading is a common and under recognized cause of concussion symptoms, according to a study of amateur players led by Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers.

Highly sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compound detection
A collaboration of researchers in Japan has developed a sensor for volatile organic compound (VOC) detection.

Risk of liver cancer is low in patients with cirrhosis
Although one of the most serious complications of cirrhosis is liver cancer, or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), an analysis of health records revealed that the 10-year incidence of HCC in UK patients with cirrhosis is 4 percent or lower.

New treatment regimen extends life for some men with recurrent prostate cancer, study finds
Adding hormonal therapy to radiation treatment can significantly improve the average long-term survival of men with prostate cancer who have had their prostate gland removed, according to a new Cedars-Sinai study published in the Feb.

New type of PET imaging identifies primary and metastatic prostate cancer
In the featured article from the February 2017 issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, researchers document the first-in-human application of a new imaging agent to help find prostate cancer in both early and advanced stages and plan treatment.

A multiple drug approach to preventing sickle cell crisis
In an editorial in the current issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, a Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) researcher stresses the need for a multi-pronged approach to treating sickle-cell disease in order to prevent these harmful episodes.

Endocrine Society honors Early Investigators Award winners
The Endocrine Society is pleased to announce the recipients of the Early Investigators Awards.

When sex development goes awry: Is it a girl or a boy?
Standards of care are ever evolving, but now front-line pediatricians from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have assembled the latest data about the varied causes of DSD, complete with clinical vignettes and appropriate management plans.

Mayo Clinic tests vaccine to provide immune response against early breast lesion
Only about 35 percent of precancerous breast lesions morph into cancer if untreated, but physicians cannot identify which lesions are potentially dangerous.

Adding antiandrogen to radiation therapy improves survival in recurrent prostate cancer
A nearly two-decades-long clinical trial has demonstrated that adding antiandrogen therapy to radiation therapy can improve the survival of prostate cancer patients who have evidence of disease recurrence after radical prostatectomy.

Fast food packaging contains potentially harmful chemicals that can leach into food
A comprehensive analysis of fast food packaging in the US shows that many restaurants use food packaging containing highly fluorinated chemicals, or PFASs.

Animals retain long-term memory of the biggest and best sources of food
New research shows that red-footed tortoises can remember the location of their favourite food sources and the biggest stashes for at least 18 months.

Coal mine dust lowers spectral reflectance of Arctic snow by up to 84 percent
Dust released by an active coal mine in Svalbard, Norway, reduced the spectral reflectance of nearby snow and ice by up to 84 percent, according to new University of Colorado Boulder-led research.

How to stop pain from serious burns using epigenetics
The unpleasant sensation sparked by the nervous system when confronted with a harmful stimulus can be alleviated by blocking a genetic marker that switches off the activity of the neurons involved.

A lure at both ends -- puff adders leave nothing to chance
By capturing and analysing thousands of hours of video footage of puff adders hunting in the wild, Wits University researchers, Xavier Glaudas and Graham Alexander, have shown that puff adders use what is termed 'lingual luring' to attract amphibian prey closer and increase the odds of catching it.

Sex development center stage in special journal issue
Naveen Uli, M.D., associate professor of pediatrics and Michiko Watanabe, Ph.D., professor of pediatrics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine served as editors for the special issue of Birth Defects Research Part C: Embryo Today.

Experts recommend a shift in national priorities to prevent mental disorders among youth
Growing up is hard enough, but when there is ongoing conflict or chaos in the home it can feel almost impossible.

Experts develop evidence-based clinical practice guideline on rhinoplasty
The American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation addresses the limited literature and availability of multi-disciplinary clinical practice guidelines accessible to clinicians and patients regarding rhinoplasty, with the development of the Clinical Practice Guideline: Improving Nasal Form and Function after Rhinoplasty, published today in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Vitamin D discovery could prove key to new treatments
Kyoto University researchers have identified a new way vitamin D helps control the balance of lipids in the body.

New study finds extensive use of fluorinated chemicals in fast food wrappers
Previous studies have linked the chemicals to kidney and testicular cancers, thyroid disease, low birth weight and immunotoxicity in children, among other health issues.

Researchers highlight alarming link between feral pigs and vampire bats
Published in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, a study shows that the number of vampire bats, which transmit rabies and are a concern for livestock breeders, may be increasing in Brazil and the Americas along with growth in the populations of invasive feral pigs and wild boars (Sus scrofa).

Letting go -- how dying cells detach from their neighbors
Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore at the National University of Singapore have described how dying cells detach and are expelled from a tissue, and how tissue tension in the region surrounding a dying cell is remodeled.

Stem cell transplants may induce long-term remission of multiple sclerosis
New clinical trial results provide evidence that high-dose immunosuppressive therapy followed by transplantation of a person's own blood-forming stem cells can induce sustained remission of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the central nervous system.

New type of T-cell identified as 'key player' in development of rheumatoid arthritis
A team of scientists from the UK and the US have identified a genetically-distinct subset of helper T-cell associated with tissues affected by rheumatoid arthritis.

Research says teens, young adults explore differently
Adolescents don't necessarily have 'faulty' decision-making, University of Arizona psychologist Robert Wilson and his colleagues discovered.

Older adults who take many medications have a higher risk for becoming frail
Recently, a team of researchers examined information from a large German study of older adults called ESTHER (Epidemiological Study on Chances for Prevention, Early Detection, and Optimized Therapy of Chronic Diseases at Old Age) to learn how taking more than five medicines might affect frailty in older adults.

Immigration raids are linked to low birth weights among Latina mothers
Some types of Immigration policy and enforcement can negatively affect the well-being of Latino immigrants, but few studies have examined the repercussions to the health of Latino newborns.

New genes for height revealed in global study of 700,000 people
Eighty-three new genetic variants that strongly influence human height have been discovered in a study led by Queen Mary University of London, Montreal Heart Institute, The Broad Institute and the University of Exeter.

Large Finnish genetic study uncovers potential new treatments for inflammatory diseases
Researchers from the Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine at the University of Turku, Finland, have studied over ten million DNA variations and found new links between the human genome and inflammation tracers.

Heidelberg Castle revisited
Fires, wars and the ravages of time left their traces on Heidelberg Castle.

MIT's wearable AI system can detect a conversation's tone
Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and Institute of Medical Engineering and Science (IMES) have developed an artificially intelligent, wearable system that can predict if a conversation is happy, sad, or neutral based on a person's speech patterns and vitals.

Research!America to honor Sen. Lamar Alexander for championing research and innovation
Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN) has been selected to receive the Edwin C.

Ancient DNA reveals 'continuity' between Stone Age and modern populations in East Asia
In contrast to Western Europeans, new research finds contemporary East Asians are genetically much closer to the ancient hunter-gatherers that lived in the same region 8,000 years previously.

Researchers examine millennial generation's learning preferences in medical education
The classroom can reflect its students' learning preferences, and a study published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings demonstrates evidence of this in medical education.

10,000 Medicare patients die in the seven days after discharge from the ED
Researchers found that, each year, about 10,000 generally healthy patients die in the seven days after discharge from the ED.

Blood test that detects changes in tumor DNA predicts survival of women with advanced breast cancer
Results of a multicenter study of 129 women with advanced breast cancer show that a blood test that spots cancer-linked DNA correctly predicted that most of those patients with higher levels of the tumor markers died significantly earlier than those with lower levels.

A 'new human nature' -- the key to our own and other species' survival
In their new Springer book 'Anthrozoology: Embracing Co-Existence in the Anthropocene,' the authors explore how we have lost the ability to communicate with other species, leading to the start of the sixth spasm of extinction.

Increased food assistance benefits could result in fewer ER visits
According to the US Department of Agriculture, SNAP benefits reduced the incidence of extreme poverty by 13.2 percent and child poverty by 15.5 percent between 2000 and 2009.

Parents of children with serious heart defects may be at risk of PTSD
Many parents -- particularly mothers -- of children born with serious heart defects have symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety or depression.

Dolphins following shrimp trawlers cluster in social groups
Bottlenose dolphins near Savannah, Georgia are split into social groups according to whether or not they forage behind commercial shrimp trawlers, according to a study published Feb.

Advanced robotic bat's flight characteristics simulates the real thing
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Caltech have developed a self-contained robotic bat -- dubbed Bat Bot (B2) -- with soft, articulated wings that can mimic the key flight mechanisms of biological bats.

The shape of melting in two dimensions
As part of her team's research into matter's tendency to self-organize, Sharon Glotzer of the University of Michigan ran a series of hard particle simulations to study melting in two-dimensional (2-D) systems.

Planctomycete bacterium's internal membranes contain nuclear pore-like structures
A planctomycete bacterium features structures embedded in its internal membranes which resemble eukaryotic nuclear pores, according to a study published Feb.

University of Montana research shows importance of remote cameras as biodiversity tools
University of Montana doctoral candidate Robin Steenweg shows how remote cameras can transform monitoring wildlife and habitat biodiversity worldwide in a paper published Feb.

Background suppression for super-resolution light microscopy
Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have developed a new fluorescence microscopy method: STEDD (Stimulation Emission Double Depletion) nanoscopy produces images of highest resolution with suppressed background.

Understanding when eating soy might help or harm in breast cancer treatment
Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have used animal models to reveal new information about the impact -- positive and negative -- that soy consumption could have on a common breast cancer treatment.

A cheaper way to make a WHO-designated essential medicine
A fungal form of meningitis leads to more than 600,000 deaths in Africa every year and is responsible for 20 percent of HIV/AIDS-related deaths globally, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

GIANT study finds rare, but influential, genetic changes related to height
In the largest, deepest search to date, the international Genetic Investigation of Anthropometric Traits (GIANT) Consortium has uncovered 83 new DNA changes that affect human height.

Neutrons identify critical details in bacterial enzyme implicated in gastric cancer
Neutron analysis at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is helping researchers better understand a key enzyme found in a bacterium known to cause stomach cancer.

Smaller, more focused insurers earning profits in new market
'Success and Failure in the Insurance Exchanges,' a New England Journal of Medicine Perspective article released today, examines whether the financial struggles of some major insurers under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) reflect a policy failure that should be addressed via repeal or reform, or a mismatch of these firms' capabilities and strategies to a newly created market.

Targeting Parkinson's-linked protein could neutralize 2 of the disease's causes
Researchers report they have discovered how two problem proteins known to cause Parkinson's disease are chemically linked, suggesting that someday, both could be neutralized by a single drug designed to target the link.

Novel liquid crystal could triple sharpness of today's televisions
An international team of researchers has developed a new blue-phase liquid crystal that could enable televisions, computer screens and other displays that pack more pixels into the same space while also reducing the power needed to run the device.

Early signs of anxiety, depression may be evident in newborns
Early predictors of anxiety and depression may be evident in the brain even at birth, suggests a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computer
An international team, led by a scientist from the University of Sussex, have today unveiled the first practical blueprint for how to build a quantum computer, the most powerful computer on Earth.

Atlanta Falcons to win Super Bowl, says Pitt researcher
The Atlanta Falcons will defeat the New England Patriots in Super Bowl 51.

Banks hold major information advantage over other investors
Maybe Gordon Gekko was right when he said that information was the most valuable commodity of all.

Seven heart-healthy habits could save billions in Medicare costs
At least $41 billion annually in Medicare costs could be saved if beneficiaries adopted five to seven of the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 healthy habits to reduce cardiovascular disease.

Hand-grip test can indicate decline in physical function of Parkinson's patients
A basic hand-grip test has proven to be a reliable tool to monitor the decline of patients with Parkinson's diseases.

Drug combination effective against chikungunya arthritis in mice
Chikungunya virus causes a painful, debilitating arthritis for which there is currently no treatment.

Stress hormones underlie Indigenous health gap in Australia
James Cook University scientists have made a disturbing finding about some young Indigenous people's biological reaction to stress, but one that could help close the health gap for indigenous people.

Insomnia linked to higher risk of developing asthma
People experiencing insomnia symptoms have a higher risk of developing asthma, according to a new study published in the European Respiratory Journal.

Virginia Tech team reduces structural vibrations with simple, groundbreaking device
A revolutionary portable device invented by a Virginia Tech professor with help from students promises to make structural vibration-reducing technology universally accessible.

Understanding the genetics of human height
A large-scale international study involving more than 300 researchers, published today in Nature, heralds the discovery of 83 genetic variations controlling human height.

Poor metabolic health in some normal-weight women may increase risk for colorectal cancer
Among postmenopausal women who were normal weight, those who were metabolically unhealthy had a significantly increased risk for colorectal cancer compared with those who were metabolically healthy.

Malaria superbugs threaten global malaria control
A lineage of multidrug resistant P. falciparum malaria superbugs has widely spread and is now established in parts of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia, causing high treatment failure rates for the main falciparum malaria medicines, artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs), according to a study published today in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Potential new drug class hits multiple cancer cell targets, boosting efficacy and safety
In a new paper published this week in PNAS, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center, in collaboration with colleagues at Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego, the University of Colorado School of Medicine and SignalRx, a San Diego-based biopharmaceutical company, describe a potential new class of anti-cancer drugs that inhibit two or more molecular targets at once, maximizing therapeutic efficiency and safety.

Shape of prostate and compartments within may serve as cancer indicators
Preliminary computerized imaging reveals the shape of the prostate and a compartment within the gland -- called the transitional zone -- consistently differ in men with prostate cancer than those without the disease, according to new research led by Case Western Reserve University.

ORNL researchers break data transfer efficiency record
Researchers have set a new record in the transfer of information via superdense coding, a process by which the properties of particles like photons, protons and electrons are used to store as much information as possible.

Breathing molecule discovered: Vital to treating respiratory conditions
Respiratory conditions could be better targeted and treated, thanks to the discovery of the vital molecule which regulates breathing -- according to research by the University of Warwick.

Food and beverage industry marketing kids to deatlh
The Heart & Stroke 2017 Report on the Health of Canadians examines how unlimited food and beverage marketing targeted at Canadian kids is negatively affecting preferences and choices, their family relationships and their health.

Older Canadians skip meds due to cost, putting them at risk for complications
One in 12 Canadians aged 55 and older skipped prescriptions due to cost in 2014, the second-highest rate among comparable countries, new UBC research has found.

A closer look at what caused the Flint water crisis
Flint, Michigan, continues to grapple with the public health crisis that unfolded as lead levels in its tap water spiked to alarming levels.

Better sleep can lead to better sex
Sleep disturbance is common for many women during menopause, creating an array of adverse health outcomes such as heart disease, hypertension, and depression.

Seeing the same GP associated with fewer hospital admissions
Older patients who see the same general practitioner over time experience fewer avoidable admissions to hospital for certain conditions, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Revolutionary approach for treating glioblastoma works with human cells
UNC-Chapel Hill researchers describe how human stem cells, made from human skin cells, can hunt down and kill human brain cancer, a critical and monumental step toward clinical trials -- and real treatment.

2017 AAAS/Subaru SB&F prize winners announced
Readers will learn how to match a tooth to the correct mammal, discover the intelligence of crows, deepen their passion for plants and gain insights into wildfire-prone terrain when just by picking up any of the winners of this year's AAAS/Subaru SB&F Prize for Excellence in Science Books.

An impulsive cognitive style comes with implications, researchers say
A new study finds a wide range of subtle but measurable tendencies in the thinking of people who would rather snatch a quick reward than wait for a bigger one.

Soccer players with more headers more likely to have concussion symptoms
Soccer players who head the ball a lot are three times more likely to have concussion symptoms than players who don't head the ball often, according to a new study published in the Feb.

Discovery of new T-cell subtype opens window on rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers have carefully scrutinized the immune cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis, revealing a striking new subset of T-cells that collaborate with other immune cells to drive inflammation in peripheral tissues.

UCLA physicists map the atomic structure of an alloy
UCLA physicists and collaborators have mapped the coordinates of more than 23,000 individual atoms in a tiny iron-platinum nanoparticle to reveal the material's innate defects.

UK's new EPSRC Future Manufacturing Hub for advanced powder processes launches
MAPP, the EPSRC Future Manufacturing Hub in Manufacture using Advanced Powder Processes launched on Tuesday, Jan.

This Week from AGU: Coal mine dust lowers spectral reflectance of Arctic snow
This Week from AGU: Coal mine dust lowers spectral reflectance of Arctic snow.

Habitual e-cigarette use associated with risk factors linked to increased cardiovascular risk
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Holly R.

Gull decline on Scottish island linked to decline in fishing discards
Latest research, just published, shows a population of large gulls in Scotland failed to thrive as the fish catch landed by the local fishing fleet fell.

Adults with autism see interests as strengths, career paths
Adults on the autism spectrum see their interests as possible fields of study and career paths, as well as ways to mitigate anxiety, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Food insecurity: A threat to the developmental and psychosocial health of children
Household food insecurity (FI) (without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food, even for a temporary period), is associated with children's behavioral, academic and emotional problems beginning as early as infancy.

Statement from ASH, AACR, AACI, ASTRO, ASPHO & LUNGevity Foundation on immigration order
As the world's leading organizations representing laboratory researchers, physician-scientists, clinicians, the nation's cancer centers, and patient advocates committed to improved care for patients with cancer and blood diseases, we express our deep concern about the Administration's executive order that has denied US entry to people who bring unique expertise to the practice of medicine and the conduct of cancer and biomedical research.

What to expect from big pharma in 2017
Last year, the Food and Drug Administration approved just 22 new therapeutic drugs, which is less than half the number approved in 2015.

Celestial cat meets cosmic lobster
Astronomers have for a long time studied the glowing, cosmic clouds of gas and dust catalogued as NGC 6334 and NGC 6357, this gigantic new image from ESO's Very Large Telescope Survey Telescope being only the most recent one.

Scientists prove new approach to Polio vaccines works
Scientists have identified new ways to provide vaccines against polio, which do not require the growth of live virus for their manufacture.

Study reveals public resistance toward workplace standing guidelines
A new King's College London study reveals significant public resistance and misunderstanding surrounding the UK's first health guidelines on sedentary behaviour at work, which were a response to mounting evidence on the health risks of prolonged sitting, including higher risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and certain cancers. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to