Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 02, 2017
Preterm delivery linked to greater risk of cardiovascular disease later in life
Investigators found women who have delivered prematurely before 37 weeks have a 40 percent increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease when compared to women who delivered their babies after 37 weeks.

Baltic hunter-gatherers began farming without influence of migration, ancient DNA suggests
Ancient DNA analyses show that -- unlike elsewhere in Europe -- farmers from the Near East did not overtake hunter-gatherer populations in the Baltic.

Current UK salt reduction strategies do not address health inequalities
New research conducted by the University of Liverpool in partnership with the universities of Gdansk and Manchester shows that current salt reduction strategy in England has failed to reduce existing inequalities in salt consumption, cardiovascular disease, and gastric cancer burdens.

Tail of stray black hole hiding in the Milky Way
By analyzing the gas motion of an extraordinarily fast-moving cosmic cloud in a corner of the Milky Way, Astronomers found hints of a wandering black hole hidden in the cloud.

Artificially introduced atomic-level sensors enable measurements of the electric field within a working semiconductor device
Researchers develop a method for sensing the electric field generated in semiconductor devices during operation.

Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor wins 2016 AAAS Award for Science Diplomacy
Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor, who has used science and technology to support development in South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa, has been chosen by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) to receive the 2016 Award for Science Diplomacy.

A peek at the nightlife of synapses reveals they weaken, and why
Two studies in this issue offer a glimpse at the nightlife of synapses, the neural connections in the nervous system.

NIH scientists illuminate role of staph toxins in bacterial sepsis
Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria are a significant concern for hospitalized infants, children and anyone with implanted medical devices.

China to protect areas of high ecological importance identified by Stanford researchers
Stanford scientists and collaborators determine ecologically valuable areas within China.

HarvestPlus recognized as global food innovator
HarvestPlus, a global leader in biofortified foods, has been selected as a 2017 LAUNCH Food Innovator for its pioneering work in making staple food crops more nutritious and available to rural communities around the world.

Scaled-up malaria control efforts breed insecticide resistance in mosquitoes
A genetic analysis of mosquito populations in Africa shows that recent successes in controlling malaria through treated bednets has led to widespread insecticide resistance in mosquitoes, according to a study led by Charles Wondji of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, with Kayla Barnes, Gareth Weedall and colleagues in PLOS Genetics.

Scientists look to shine light on our dark genome
After the 2003 completion of the Human Genome Project -- which sequenced all 3 billion 'letters,' or base pairs, in the human genome -- many thought that our DNA would become an open book.

Lost songs of Holocaust found in University of Akron archives
A discovery in a mislabeled canister combined with the pain-staking piecing together of antique recording equipment has brought to life melodies from the Holocaust thought lost to history forever.

NYU's Panozzo wins NSF CAREER award
New York University Professor Daniele Panozzo has won a 2017 Faculty Early Career Development award from the National Science Foundation.

Skin sodium content linked to heart problems in patients with kidney disease
Elevated sodium content in the skin correlates closely with left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with chronic kidney disease.

'In vivo' reprogramming induces signs of telomere rejuvenation
During the 'in vivo' reprogramming process, cellular telomeres are extended due to an increase in endogenous telomerase.

Pregnancy and heart disease research highlighted in special women's-focus journal issue
Women who had multiple pregnancies are at greater risk of developing an irregular heart rhythm.

Conflict and conformity, culture and technology ruled in rock's early days
While music critics may jeer pop acts of rock's early days, like Pat Boone, as lame takeoffs of the real thing, a Penn State cultural historian writes in his new book that they played a key role in bringing in white audiences to rhythm and blues, as well as paving the way for more black artists and harder white rock 'n' roll performers, like Elvis.

TSRI chemists unveil versatile new method for making chiral drug molecules
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have invented a new technique for constructing chiral drug molecules.

Scientists report on latest Deepwater Horizon oil spill impacts
LSU scientists will present new research at the 2017 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill and Ecosystem Science Conference in New Orleans next week.

1,000 times more efficient nano-LED opens door to faster microchips
The electronic data connections within microchips are increasingly becoming a bottleneck in the exponential growth of data traffic.

Wetlands play vital role in carbon storage, study finds
Human activity and development are correlated with reduced carbon storage in wetland soils, a new study published in Nature Communications shows.

Predator threat boosts friendships among guppies
Danger from predators causes animals to form stronger friendships, according to new research.

Three magnetic states for each hole
Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for Computing.

ISBM releases the updated version of Immune Response Template
Institute for Systems Biology Moscow (ISBM) announced the recent update of the Immune Response Template (IRT) platform and its online demo.

Mayo Clinic: Association between autoimmune disease and bone marrow disorders
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that azathioprine, a drug commonly used to treat autoimmune disease, may increase the risk of myeloid neoplasms.

How parenting styles influence our attitudes to marriage
Research from Japan has revealed how different parenting styles can affect marriage rates and desired number of children.

UC San Diego researcher to study most effective treatment for Kawasaki disease
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego and Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at University of California Davis have received a $2 million grant from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) for a three-year study to look at the effectiveness of two treatment options for children with KD who are resistant to initial therapy.

Special issue: Prediction
Humans have always had a burning desire to know what the future holds, and science brings us ever closer to more accurate predictions in many spaces -- especially with the rise of machine learning.

Low level of oxygen in Earth's middle ages delayed evolution for 2 billion years
A low level of atmospheric oxygen in Earth's middle ages held back evolution for 2 billion years, raising fresh questions about the origins of life on this planet.

Black and low-income New Yorkers largely shut out of major academic hospitals
Researchers at CUNY Hunter College, Boston Medical Center, and Harvard Medical School have found that few Black New Yorkers receive care in New York City's elite private academic medical centers (AMCs), and that uninsured and Medicaid patients are also markedly underrepresented at those centers.

Precision-medicine approach could revive prostate cancer test
A new study led by researchers at UC San Francisco and Kaiser Permanente has identified genetic predictors of normal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in healthy men, which could be used to improve the accuracy of PSA-based prostate cancer screening tests.

The best treatment for laryngeal cancer? This approach helps decide
After a decade of using a novel approach to select patients for laryngeal cancer treatment, researchers are reporting 'exceptional' survival rates nearing 80 percent, even for the most advanced patients.

Oxford University Press to publish Biology of Reproduction
Oxford University Press is pleased to announce its partnership with the Society for the Study of Reproduction to publish Biology of Reproduction.

Nonmedical use of prescription drugs among young people: A growing global concern
Balancing a country's need to make prescription drugs available to those in need while simultaneously curbing nonmedical use is one of our greatest challenges.

Cell smasher
The microHammer will allow researchers to get a cellular-level understanding of what happens when force is applied to neurons.

Research pushes concept of entropy out of kilter
Entropy isn't well understood in systems that aren't at equilibrium, but a new experiment shows a non-equilibrium phenomenon that actually depends upon entropy.

Full(erene) potential
Materials researchers discover a way to control the electrical properties of organic semiconductors within the same material.

Investigational mRNA vaccine protects mice and monkeys from Zika virus infection
A novel, gene-based investigational vaccine protected mice and monkeys against Zika virus infection after a single dose, according to a study appearing online in the journal Nature on Feb.

Thin, flexible, light-absorbent material for energy and stealth applications
Transparent window coatings that keep buildings and cars cool on sunny days.

Political affiliation can predict how people will react to false information about threats
How liberal or conservative a person is predicts how likely they are to believe information about potential hazards, a new UCLA-led study has found.

Experiment involving ultracold rubidium lifts off with research rocket
Physicists want to use ultracold gases in space to measure the Earth's gravitational field, to subject Einstein's Equivalence Principle to an accurate test, and to detect gravitational waves.

Researchers chart global genetic interaction networks in human cancer cells
Study identifies genetic networks in human cells and potential targets for cancer therapy.

Adults with autism see interests as strengths, career paths
Adults on the autism spectrum see their interests as possible fields of study and career paths, as well as ways to mitigate anxiety, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Evaluating a minimally disruptive treatment protocol for frontal sinus fractures
A new article published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery describes the experience with a minimally disruptive treatment protocol for frontal sinus fractures.

To lose weight, and keep it off, be prepared to navigate interpersonal challenges
A new study highlights an unexpected challenge for those who have made a new year's resolution to lose weight: the people around you may consciously or subconsciously sabotage your efforts.

TUD-scientist awarded most prestigious prize for science and technology by the Chinese State
For his outstanding commitment to the German-Chinese scientific exchange in the field of lightweight construction, the Chinese Government has awarded TU Dresden's Professor Dr.

One's ability to make money develops before birth
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics have shown how the level of perinatal testosterone, the sex hormone, impacts a person's earnings in life.

Toxic liver effects of fifteen drugs predicted using computational approach
A team of researchers has used a computational modeling approach to analyze and compare the toxic effects of fifteen different drugs on the liver, according to a study in PLOS Computational Biology.

Trouble getting to sleep? Scientists say go camping
In our modern times, many of us sit up late into the night, watching TV, fiddling with our smartphones, or reading a book by lamplight.

NIH to expand critical catalog for genomics research
The NIH plans to expand its ENCODE Project, a fundamental genomics resource used by many scientists to study human health and disease.

Berkeley Lab gets $4.6 million in functional genomics catalog project
Berkeley Lab is set to receive nearly $4.6 million over four years as part of an ongoing, federally funded project to create a comprehensive catalog for fundamental genomics research.

New Zika vaccine candidate protects mice and monkeys with a single dose
A new Zika vaccine candidate has the potential to protect against the virus with a single dose, according to a research team led by scientists from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Cytotoxins contribute to virulence of deadly epidemic bacterial infections
Beginning in the mid-1980s, an epidemic of severe invasive infections caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes), also known as group A streptococcus (GAS), occurred in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere.

New skin-graft system a better fix for chronic wounds
According to the National Institutes of Health, more than six million cases of chronic wounds cost $20 billion each year in the United States.

UW sleep research high-resolution images show how the brain resets during sleep
Striking electron microscope pictures from inside the brains of mice suggest what happens in our own brain every day: Our synapses -- the junctions between nerve cells -- grow strong and large during the stimulation of daytime, then shrink by nearly 20 percent while we sleep, creating room for more growth and learning the next day.

UTSA professor receives grant to study how Lyme disease survives in hosts
Janakiram Seshu, associate professor of biology and associate dean of The Graduate School at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $404,250 grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease to support his research to better understand and prevent the spread of Lyme disease.

Research review shows that safety is valued too low
New research has shown that the benchmark used by the Office for Nuclear Regulation for judging how much should be spent on nuclear safety has no basis in evidence and places insufficient value on human life.

Quantum matter: Shaken, but not stirred
A team of researchers led by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich physics professor Immanuel Bloch has experimentally realized an exotic quantum system which is robust to mixing by periodic forces.

Mathematically optimizing traffic lights in road intersections
Traffic modeling has been of interest to mathematicians since the 1950s.

IU-based startup commercializes software to improve quality of care for pediatric patients
Indiana University School of Medicine personnel have launched Digital Health Solutions LLC, a startup to commercialize software to improve pediatric patient care.

Zika virus blindfolds immune alarm cells
Dendritic cells are 'sentinel' cells that alert the rest of the immune system when they detect viral infection.

So-called 'synthetic marijuana' linked to serious health problems
Synthetic marijuana compounds are marketed as safe, legal alternatives to marijuana that cannot be detected by standard drug testing, but these substances differ chemically from marijuana; are linked to dangerous side effects, including seizures, psychosis, dependence, and death; and are not safe substitutes, say University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) scientists in a Review published Feb.

Peroxide ingestion, promoted by alternative medicine, can be deadly
High-concentration peroxide, sometimes promoted in alternative medicine circles for cleanses or as a so-called 'natural cure,' can lead to numerous life-threatening ailments and death itself, according to a paper published online yesterday in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Outcomes Following High Concentration Peroxide Ingestions').

Model assesses interventions for bovine tuberculosis in Morocco
In many developing countries, a significant fraction of the tuberculosis burden comes potentially from the tuberculosis bacteria carried by animals, essentially cattle.

Great Barrier Reef building coral under threat from poisonous seaweed
World-first research on the Great Barrier Reef has shown how 'weed-like' algae will kill vital coral because of increased carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere.

Sleep deprivation handicaps the brain's ability to form new memories, study in mice shows
Studying mice, scientists at Johns Hopkins have fortified evidence that a key purpose of sleep is to recalibrate the brain cells responsible for learning and memory so the animals can 'solidify' lessons learned and use them when they awaken -- in the case of nocturnal mice, the next evening.

Easier to let go -- can depression help people deal with life?
In the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry psychologists from University Jena show that patients with depression are significantly more successful than healthy individuals at letting go of unattainable goals.

Under and misuse of hormone therapy decreasing, but still high
A nationwide cancer registry of almost one million patients treated for hormone-sensitive breast cancer shows that one out of six women who should have received post-surgical treatment known as adjuvant endocrine therapy did not get this recommended component of care, which can reduce the odds of recurrence.

Protein chaperone takes its job seriously
In a new Caltech study, researchers are learning more about how ribosome chaperones work, showing that one particular chaperone binds to its protein client in a very specific, tight manner, almost like a glove fitting a hand.

Online scrutiny is stressful for doctors
Online ratings and discussions about the quality of care American doctors provide can add to their stress levels.

Despite Trump's win, polling is a strong elections predictor globally
New study finds that national election polls remain a strong indicator of election outcomes.

Overnights at dad's home benefit divorced mothers, fathers and their babies
When children are infants and toddlers, some parents and some prominent psychologists worry that frequent overnights at the father's home might disturb the relationship with mother.

New scoring system predicts Ebola severity
While Ebola virus disease (EVD) is notorious for being one of the world's most deadly infections, it actually has a wide range of outcomes, where asymptomatic presentation may be as common as fatality.

Scientists identify two brain networks influencing how we make decisions
Scientists at the Medical Research Council Brain Network Dynamics Unit at the University of Oxford have pinpointed two distinct mechanisms in the human brain that control the balance between speed and accuracy when making decisions.

Nixing the cells that nix immune response against cancer
For first time, study characterizes uptick of myeloid-derived suppressor cells in the spleens of human cancer patients, paving the way for therapies directed against these cells that collude with cancer.

Researchers outline new policies for earlier detection of autism in children
The earlier that autism is diagnosed and treated in children, the better outcomes they will experience for future relationships and careers.

Brain plasticity: How adult-born neurons get wired-in
The number of neurons in the dentate gyrus increases by neurogenesis while the number of neurons in the cortex remains the same.

Over 80% of online ad effect is on offline sales
According to a forthcoming study in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science online display ads can increase both online and offline retail sales, providing valuable insight for future marketing decisions.

USDA-NIFA awards $3 million for plant & animal phenomics research
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 11 grants totaling $3 million for Early Concept Grants for Exploratory Research (EAGER) projects focused on plant and animal phenomics and microbiomes.

Volunteering eases veterans' transition to civilian life
Led by a Saint Louis University researcher, the first peer-reviewed and published national study of civic service among US vets who served in Iraq and/or Afghanistan found volunteering improved their health and social life.

Growth factor shown to protect the retina in early stage diabetes
Researchers from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have shown that a slight increase in transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), which is present in preclinical animal models with diabetic eye disease, protects retinal blood vessels from damage that commonly occurs in the early stages of the disease (known as diabetic retinopathy).

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2017
This tip sheet includes: Vacuum insulation panels prove cost-effective solution for DOD; ORNL noise filter puts end to unwanted EMI; NYC focus of ORNL green commuting study; ORNL process speeds battery production process; and ORNL study sheds new light on traditional welding technique.

The drugs don't work, say back pain researchers
Commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, used to treat back pain provide little benefit, but cause side effects, according to new research from The George Institute for Global Health.

Drug discovery researchers awarded grant to refine malaria drug
A research team from the Virginia Tech Center for Drug Discovery has received a $431,126 two-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to make improved versions of a promising compound called MMV008138, or 8138 for short.

Strategies for optimal governance of the deep sea
Given that such a large portion of deep-sea environments falls in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ), where laws regarding access to marine resources are not well-specified, a new international policy is needed for seabed resource management.

Why am I shorter than you?
The answer to that question lies to some extent in our diet and environment, but mostly in our DNA (80 percent).

Plan to reduce air pollution chokes in Mexico City
In 2008, Mexico City added driving restrictions on Saturdays in hopes of moving the needle on improving air quality but according to new research by Lucas W.

New research shows Ceres may have vanishing ice volcanoes
A recently discovered solitary ice volcano on the dwarf planet Ceres may have some hidden older siblings, say scientists who have tested a likely way such mountains of icy rock -- called cryovolcanoes -- might disappear over millions of years.

NASA scientist studies whether solar storms cause animal beachings
A long-standing mystery among marine biologists is why otherwise healthy whales, dolphins, and porpoises -- collectively known as cetaceans -- end up getting stranded along coastal areas worldwide.

Loyola study provides new evidence that exercise is not key to weight control
An international study led by Loyola University Chicago is providing compelling new evidence that exercise may not be the key to controlling weight.

UsAgainstAlzheimer's secures major award to advance Latino & African American Alzheimer's priorities
To address the underrepresentation of African Americans and Latinos in all aspects of neurological research, UsAgainstAlzheimer's has launched a multi-pronged engagement strategy to build a national network of diverse researchers, patients, caregivers and stakeholder groups for collaboration and knowledge sharing around barriers, facilitators and priorities in Alzheimer's research.

Supercomputing, experiment combine for first look at magnetism of real nanoparticle
A multi-institution team simulated, for the first time, atomic-level magnetic properties in regions of a real nanoparticle based on experimental data.

Lung cancer screening rates remain very low among current and former smokers
Lung cancer screening rates remained very low and unchanged among eligible populations in 2015, despite recommendations that high risk current and former smokers be screened.

Majority of Americans say benefits of childhood vaccines outweigh risks
Despite debate about the safety of childhood vaccines among some groups in the public, 82% of Americans support requiring children attending public school to be vaccinated for measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), according to a new Pew Research Center survey.

Treatment has no sufficient effect in 1 of 5 psoriasis patients
A substantial part of people, one in five, undergoing systemic treatment for psoriasis (i.e. pills taken orally, injections or infusions) still have considerable problems with their disease.

AGA statement on US travel ban
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) is concerned that the recent US executive order on immigration could limit scientific exchange, delay patient care and impair medical training.

Patients treated by international doctors have lower death rates
In the United States, patient death rates are lower for internationally trained graduates than for graduates from a US medical school, despite international graduates caring for patients with higher rates of chronic conditions, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Life-cycle assessment study provides detailed look at decentralized water systems
'Evaluating the Life Cycle Environmental Benefits and Trade-Offs of Water Reuse Systems for Net-Zero Buildings,' published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, is the first-of-its-kind research utilizing life-cycle assessment (LCA).

HKU scientists utilize innovative neuroimaging approach to unravel complex brain networks
A research team led by Professor Ed X. Wu of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at the University of Hong Kong has used an innovative neuroimaging tool to interrogate the complex brain networks and functions.

Large increase in eye injuries linked to laundry detergent pods among young children
Between 2012 and 2015, the number of chemical burns to the eye associated with laundry detergent pods increased more than 30-fold among preschool-aged children in the US, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Why has ENSO been more difficult to predict since 2000?
The forecasting reliability of ENSO during the period 2002-2011 was relatively lower than that in the 1980s and 1990s.

Defense mechanism employed by algae can effectively inhibit marine fouling
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have developed a method that reliably hinders hazardous seawater fouling and is effective, affordable, and easy on the environment.

Unraveling the mechanism of antisense oligonucleotides -- research from the Crooke Lab
Stanley T. Crooke, M.D., Ph.D., CEO of Ionis Pharmaceuticals and recipient of the 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Oligonucleotide Therapeutic Society presents a detailed look at the mechanisms that underlie antisense drug activity in the article entitled 'Molecular Mechanisms of Antisense Oligonucleotides,' published in Nucleic Acid Therapeutics.

Researchers engineer new thyroid cells
Researchers have discovered a new efficient way to generate thyroid cells, known as thyrocytes, using genetically modified embryonic stem cells.

Change in astronaut's gut bacteria attributed to spaceflight
Northwestern University researchers studying the gut bacteria of Scott and Mark Kelly, astronauts and identical twin brothers, as part of NASA's Twins Study have found that changes to certain gut 'bugs' occur in space.

Common pain relievers may increase heart attack risk during respiratory infections
Widely used pain relievers may increase the risk of a heart attack when used during a cold or flu-like illness, according to a new study published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Medical marijuana's underexplored potential for helping opioid addiction
A small human pilot study, along with a number of animal studies, are revealing that cannabinoids, extracts of cannabis legally sold as medical marijuana, could reduce cravings and ease withdrawal symptoms in heroin users.

Study affirms that cocaine makes users more likely to risk unsafe sex
Cocaine use has long been tied anecdotally to higher-than-usual rates of impulsive behavior, including risky sex, but the tie-in has been difficult to study with any scientifically controlled rigor.

Online video blogs (a.k.a. vlogs) as tools for patient engagement: Is seeing engaging?
Vlogs -- chronicling the good, bad and ugly of a specific medical condition can help both physicians and their patients, says Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University Center for Health Services and Outcomes Research investigator Joy L.

Cancer survivors find online and phone communication with medical professionals beneficial
Coinciding with World Cancer Day (Feb. 4), researchers from the School of Health Sciences at the University of Surrey have completed the first ever systematic review of cancer survivors' experience of online and telephone telehealth interventions in cancer care, a new study in the Journal of Medical Internet Research reports.

Quantum phase transition observed for the first time
A group of scientists led by Johannes Fink from the Institute of Science and Technology Austria reported the first experimental observation of a first-order phase transition in a dissipative quantum system.

Jekyll and Hyde cells: Their role in brain injury and disease revealed
New research has shown how normally helpful brain cells can turn rogue and kill off other brain cells following injury or disease.

Study suggests polling is still best predictor of election outcomes
Donald Trump's surprising election as president of the United States was viewed by some people as evidence that electoral polling no longer works, but researchers report they have developed models using global polling data that can correctly predict up to 90 percent of election outcomes around the world.

UW scientists find key cues to regulate bone-building cells
The prospect of regenerating bone lost to cancer or trauma is a step closer to the clinic as University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists have identified two proteins found in bone marrow as key regulators of the master cells responsible for making new bone.

Protecting rice crops at no extra cost
A newly identified genetic mechanism in rice can be utilized to maintain resistance to a devastating disease, without causing the typical tradeoff -- a decrease in grain yield, a new study reports.

A simple, cost-effective method for determining aerobic fitness is proposed
Ibai García-Tabar, who holds a degree in Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, believes that the most effective, accurate and cost-effective way of determining the aerobic fitness of sportspeople and specific populations is to measure the blood lactate threshold.

Study: Children, parents over-report leukemia treatment adherence
New research suggests that young patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) -- the most common type of pediatric cancer -- and their and their parents are likely to report to their physician that they took more of their anti-cancer medication than they actually did.

Can't get to sleep? Pitch a tent for the weekend
Filling the day with natural light and the night with true darkness for as little as a weekend can have a profound impact on our circadian rhythm that may help us fall asleep earlier and potentially deliver other health benefits, according to new research involving Colorado campers.

Study points to a universal immune mechanism as a regulator of sleep
A conducted in mice reveals that sleep may be regulated in part by several brain-based immune proteins collectively called inflammasome NLRP3.

With mini-vessels, mini-brains expand research potential
A new study shows that Brown University's mini-brains produce networks of capillaries, an important anatomical feature for lab studies of stroke and other circulation-related brain diseases.

Toward all-solid lithium batteries
A study by MIT researchers unravels the properties of a promising new material for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries, which could be safer and longer-lasting than traditional batteries. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to