Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 06, 2017
Body dysmorphic disorder may be under-diagnosed in patients seeking cosmetic procedures
Plastic surgeons and other cosmetic professionals are familiar with the challenges posed by patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) seeking cosmetic procedures, reports a survey study in the February issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

Researchers study care for undocumented immigrants with kidney failure
By failing to provide scheduled dialysis treatments to undocumented immigrants with kidney failure, states pay higher costs for care and the patients face greater pain and psychological distress, according to a new study appearing in the latest issue of the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

Exceptional reproductive biology in extremely restricted critically endangered Nimba toad
The critically endangered Nimba toad is long known for its exceptional reproductive biology.

Unearthing immune responses to common drugs
Australian researchers are a step closer to understanding immune sensitivities to well-known, and commonly prescribed, medications.

Stanford scientists develop 'lab on a chip' that costs 1 cent to make
Microfluidics, electronics and inkjet technology underlie a newly developed all-in-one biochip from Stanford that can analyze cells for research and clinical applications.

Endurance training may have a protective effect on the heart
Findings published in Experimental Physiology suggest that exercise could be just as important for your heart heath as cholesterol and a healthy diet.

Champions of biodiversity: A weevil genus beats records of explosive evolutive radiation
The swarm of 237 weevils in a single genus inhabiting Macaronesia is the result of a blend of adaptive and non-adaptive evolution in old volcanic archipelagos.

Hard shell -- healthy kernel
Roasted and salted, ground as a baking ingredient or fresh from the shell -- for all those who enjoy eating nuts, there is good news from nutritionists at Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Germany).

Sandia adds augmented reality to training toolbox
Sandia National Laboratories computer scientists have recently adapted augmented reality to enhance training of nuclear power reactor security personnel around the world.

Promiscuous lamprey found to conduct 'sham matings'
Researchers at Hokkaido University have discovered that the nonparasitic lamprey Lethenteron kessleri mates repeatedly without releasing eggs, in a behavior termed 'sham mating,' suggesting the possibility that females choose their mates while engaged in promiscuous mating habits.

Surprising health changes among postmenopausal women who marry or divorce
Contrary to previous data, a new study finds that some health measures in postmenopausal women, such as body mass index (BMI), tend to worsen if the women marry and to improve if they divorce or separate from their partner.

Picking teams and picking music in P.E.
BYU education professor David Barney recently published two studies on P.E. practices that can help kids have better experiences: listening to music and picking teams privately.

Up, up and away: USU chemists say 'yes,' helium can form compounds
Performing chemical bonding analysis of the Na2He compound, chemists note previously undetected features and predict that, by adding oxygen, a similar compound can be created.

Bacterium from coal mine fire could aid drug targeting
Researchers from Rice University, the University of Kentucky and the University of Oklahoma have created new -- and in some cases more effective -- versions of the antibiotic daptomycin using an enzyme from a soil bacterium first isolated from the smoke vents of a Kentucky coal mine fire.

Transporter of thyroid hormones is crucial for the embryonal development of the brain
Thyroid hormones are very important for the development of the brain.

E-cigarettes safer than smoking says long-term study
E-cigarettes are less toxic and safer to use compared to conventional cigarettes, according to research.

New genetic markers for COPD discovered
In a new Research Letter published in Nature Genetics on Feb.

Brisk exercise linked to better arterial health already in childhood
High levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity are associated with lower arterial stiffness in 6-8-year-old children, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.

Medicaid waivers help parents of children with autism stay in the workforce
Medicaid waivers that improve access to home and community-based services for children with autism also help their parents keep their jobs, according to research from Penn State College of Medicine and collaborators.

Northern lakes respond differently to nitrogen deposition
Nitrogen deposition caused by human activities can lead to an increased phytoplankton production in boreal lakes.

For cops, exposure to stressful situations dysregulates cortisol pattern
A study of more than 300 members of the Buffalo Police Department suggests that police events or conditions considered highly stressful by the officers may be associated with disturbances of the normal awakening cortisol pattern.

New study finds children and adolescents at risk from medicine intended for pets
A new study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy and the Central Ohio Poison Center (COPC) at Nationwide Children's Hospital looked at calls to the COPC for pediatric exposures to medications intended for pets from January 1999 through December 2013.

A pathway controlling inflammatory responses aids recovery after heart attack
A study published this week in the JCI has identified a signaling pathway in cardiac tissue that suppresses damaging inflammatory responses after a heart attack.

Pride -- sin or incentive?
Correctly forecasting the personal qualities valued in their local population, humans generate pride accordingly.

Scripps Florida scientists find clue to why Zika, but not its close relatives, causes birth defects
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have uncovered the details behind the virus's unique ability to cross the placental barrier and expose the fetus to a range of birth defects that often go beyond microcephaly to include eye and joint injury, and even other types of brain damage.

Alpha-lipoic acid prevents kidney stones in mouse model of rare genetic disease
Alpha-lipoic acid, a dietary supplement widely available to consumers, prevented stone formation in a mouse model of cystinuria, a rare inherited disease that causes recurrent formation of painful and damaging kidney stones.

Size matters for marine protected areas designed to aid coral
For marine protected areas established to help coral reefs recover from overfishing, size really does seem to make a difference.

Male contraceptive gel in monkeys shows potential as an alternative to vasectomy
A contraceptive gel has provided long-term and reliable contraception in male rhesus monkeys, according to research published in the open access journal Basic and Clinical Andrology.

Older than the moon
Geochemist Matt Jackson finds that only the hottest, most buoyant mantle plumes draw from a primordial reservoir deep in the Earth.

Routinely prescribed antibiotic may not be best for treating severe C. diff infections
Over the past two decades there has been a sharp rise in the number and severity of infections caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile.

Radiotargeted therapy with SST2 antagonists could combat multiple human cancers
A study published in the February issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine demonstrates the potential of extending peptide receptor radionuclide therapy targeting the somatostatin receptor to other types of malignancies beyond neuroendocrine tumors.

Sign language users have better reaction times and peripheral vision
People who use British Sign Language have better reaction times in their peripheral vision, a new study from the University of Sheffield has found.

Encouraging clinical results for an antibody drug to prevent or treat HIV
A drug known as 10-1074, based on a human antibody against HIV, has dramatically reduced virus levels in patients and appeared to prevent infection among those at high risk, according to data from a new clinical trial.

Sentinels in the blood: A new diagnostic for pancreatic cancer
Tony Hu, a researcher in the Biodesign Virginia G. Piper Center for Personalized Diagnostics and his colleagues have devised a crafty method to identify pancreatic cancer early in its development.

Engineers harness stomach acid to power tiny sensors
Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have designed a small voltaic cell that are sustained by the acidic fluids in the stomach and generate enough power to run sensors or drug delivery devices that can reside in the gastrointestinal tract for extended periods.

Decision-making process of viruses could lead to new antibiotic treatments
Humans face hundreds of decisions every day. But we're not alone.

Researchers identify 'synthetic essentiality' as novel approach for locating cancer therapy targets
A new method has been found for identifying therapeutic targets in cancers lacking specific key tumor suppressor genes.

Research reveals strategy to potentially treat juvenile Batten disease
An international team of researchers has discovered a treatment that improves the neurological symptoms in a mouse model of juvenile Batten disease.

A bridge to breathing
To safely bridge the time between diagnosis and transplant for pediatric patients with lung disease, a research team led by the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering is developing a compact respiratory assist device for children.

Can childhood cancer treatments affect survivors' sex lives in adulthood?
A recent analysis showed that although adult survivors of childhood cancer did not differ overall from their peers in terms of their satisfaction with their sex lives and romantic relationships, those who received cancer treatments that were especially toxic to the nervous system were least likely to have had intercourse, be in a relationship, or have children.

Shifting monsoon altered early cultures in China, study says
The annual summer monsoon that drops rain onto East Asia, an area with about a billion people, has shifted dramatically in the distant past, at times moving northward by as much as 400 kilometers and doubling rainfall in that northern reach.

E-cigarettes confirmed to be safer than smoking in long-term study
Smokers who manage to cut out smoking altogether may see a health benefit from switching to e-cigarettes.

Santa Fe Institute researchers look for life's (lower) limits
Just how little energy life needs to survive is the subject of a new study published in Frontiers in Microbiology.

Study highlights importance of preventing weight gain in adults to reduce type 2 diabetes
A study of over 33,000 people, published today in the journal BMC Public Health, indicates that public health strategies that aim to prevent adult weight gain in the whole population have the potential to prevent twice as many cases of type 2 diabetes as strategies that target individuals at high risk of diabetes due to being obese.

'Curiosity' exposes low CO2 level in Mars' primitive atmosphere
The CO2 level in Mars' primitive atmosphere 3.5 billion years ago was too low for sediments, such as those found by NASA's Curiosity exploration vehicle in areas like the Gale Crater on the planet's equator, to be deposited.

ACS will recruit 750 hospitals for program to lower costs and improve safety for patients
In collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, the American College of Surgeons has launched a new multi-million dollar surgical quality improvement initiative funded and guided by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Novel combination therapy overcomes difficult-to-treat form of antibiotic resistance
Combination therapy with two antibiotic compounds overcame pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae harboring a pernicious form of antibiotic resistance, in a bone-infected patient, where other drugs had failed.

Extractive industries have negative impacts on Indigenous peoples
Extractive industries affect Indigenous peoples in Sweden and Australia, and Indigenous group's perspectives are often ignored or trivialised, according to a PhD thesis from Umeå University in Sweden.

Penn study finds new clues to causes of heart failure
Of the more than 700,000 Americans who suffer a heart attack each year, about a quarter go on to develop heart failure.

UNC researchers find new potential route to treat asthma
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine believe they have isolated a protein that, when missing or depleted, can cause airway constriction, production of mucus, chest tightness, and difficulty breathing for the 334 million people worldwide who suffer from asthma.

UNH researcher discovers a black hole feeding frenzy that breaks records
A giant black hole ripped apart a nearby star and then continued to feed off its remains for close to a decade, according to research led by the University of New Hampshire.

Monell Center receives grant to characterize distinctive odor of ovarian cancer
A new three-year $815,000 grant to the Monell Center from the Robert J.

HPV vs. Pap test for cervical cancer screening: Strong evidence calls for new protocols, say experts
Many members of the health care community are now calling for a shift in screening procedures to reflect our improved understanding of cervical cancer development.

Low-dose chemotherapy protocol relies on normalization of tumor blood supply
The effects of a promising new approach to chemotherapy that involves frequent administration of dosage levels much lower than traditionally used appears to rely on the 'normalization' of blood vessels within and around a tumor.

The power of tea
A team of engineers at Washington University in St. Louis and their German collaborators say a compound found in green tea could have lifesaving potential for patients with multiple myeloma and amyloidosis, who face often-fatal medical complications associated with bone-marrow disorders.

Pharmaceuticals from a coal mine?
Digging around in the dark can sometimes lead to interesting results: in the acidic waters of an abandoned coal mine in Kentucky (USA), researchers discovered ten previously unknown microbial natural products from a strain of Streptomyces.

Experts reveal hidden dangers behind supplements
Many herbal supplements contain hidden pharmaceutical ingredients that could be causing serious health risks, according to a team of experts from Queen's University Belfast, Kingston University London and LGC.

Study shows planet's atmospheric oxygen rose through glaciers
A 'Snowball Earth' event actually took place 100 million years earlier than previously projected.

Scientists discover helium chemistry
The scientists experimentally confirmed and theoretically explained the stability of Na2He.

Online Pest Risk Atlas for Africa to combat climate change effects on pest management
The International Potato Center (CIP) announces the launch of its free online mobile accessible Pest Risk Atlas for Africa that assesses potential pest risks under current and potential future climate conditions for a number of important pests that effect African agricultural and horticultural crops like potato, sweetpotato, vegetables, and maize.

Genes linked to malaria parasites' ability to persist in the body
The ability of malaria parasites to persist in the body for years is linked to the expression of a set of genes from the pir gene family, scientists from the Francis Crick Institute and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have found.

Launch of the Helmholtz Pioneer campus
The visionary enterprise at Helmholtz Zentrum München is recruiting top international researchers from different disciplines to form an integrated operation taking on major disease challenges of our times.

New study compares the effects of direct exposure to cigarette smoke or e-cigarette vapor
Researchers reported changes in the expression levels of 123 genes when reconstituted lung tissue was exposed to cigarette smoke, compared to only two genes that could be confirmed following exposure to e-cigarette aerosols.

Who is appropriately qualified to perform cosmetic surgery? 'Confusing jargon' contributes to misperceptions
Do you know what makes a 'plastic surgeon' different from a 'cosmetic surgeon'?

RIT professor wins early career award from international optics and photonics society
Rochester Institute of Technology faculty member Nathan Cahill was named a Rising Researcher by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, for his contributions to defense and security research.

Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing
Inspired by natural cellular structures, researchers at the Harvard John A.

Growing group of women take heart in pregnancy recommendations
A record number of Americans with congenital heart defects are living to adulthood, and a growing number of them are hoping to become pregnant.

Change in marital status post-menopause may impact health
Even a potentially devastating life event such as divorce can have some positive health outcomes, University of Arizona researchers found.

Killing off rivals makes for happy families, bacteria study finds
Populations of bacteria will attack distantly related competitors in order to create a peaceful community in which they can flourish, according to a study.

Successful preclinical tests for new agent against severe malaria
Scientists from the Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Center for Infection Research have developed a new substance that has cured severe malaria in humanized mice.

Ecological Society of America announces 2017 Fellows
SA established its fellows program in 2012 with the goal of honoring its members and supporting their competitiveness and advancement to leadership positions in the Society, at their institutions, and in broader society.

Severe newborn jaundice could be preventable, mouse study shows
In a mouse study, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have identified a protein that inhibits the enzyme that breaks down bilirubin in newborns.

SNAP benefits increase household spending on food, study finds
A new study by two Brown University economists at the Rhode Island Innovative Policy Lab finds that Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits increase a household's overall spending on food each month and that an equivalent cash benefit would lead to much smaller increases in food spending.

LED lighting could have major impact on wildlife
LED street lighting can be tailored to reduce its impacts on the environment, according to new research by the University of Exeter.

How geospatial characteristics affect those most affected by HIV
Young men who have sex with men, particularly racial/ethnic minorities and youth living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities, are disproportionately affected by the human immunodefiency virus (HIV) epidemic in the United States.

Scientists confirm dorado catfish as all-time distance champion of freshwater migrations
An international team of scientists has confirmed that the dorado catfish (Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii) of the Amazon River basin holds the record for the world's longest exclusively freshwater fish migration, an epic life-cycle journey stretching nearly the entire width of the South America continent.

Research predicts extreme fires will increasingly be part of our global landscape
An international team has used satellite technology to review 23 million fire events globally between 2002-2013, honing in on the 478 most extreme wildfires.

Campus natural gas power plants pose no radon risks
When Penn State decided to convert its two power plants from their historic use of coal as a source of energy to natural gas, there was concern about radon emissions.

Immune therapy scientists discover distinct cells that block cancer-fighting immune cells
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre scientists have discovered a distinct cell population in tumours that inhibits the body's immune response to fight cancer.

A protein called PERK may be a target for treating progressive supranuclear palsy
The brain disease 'progressive supranuclear palsy' (PSP) is currently incurable and its symptoms can only be eased to a very limited degree.

Successful application of VasalgelTM male contraceptive in monkeys
Results of a study of Vasalgel in rhesus macaques were published today in Basic and Clinical Andrology.

Illness experience of undocumented immigrants with end-stage renal failure
A small study of undocumented immigrants with kidney failure reports that not having access to scheduled hemodialysis results in physical and psychological distress that impacts them and their families, according to a new article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

The solution from the skies to save endangered species
The world's first astrophysics-ecology drone project at Liverpool John Moores University could be the answer to many global conservation efforts.

Prosthetic arm technology that detects spinal nerve signals developed by scientists
Scientists have developed sensor technology for a robotic prosthetic arm that detects signals from nerves in the spinal cord.

New study finds that yoga can be helpful for low back pain
Over the course of their lives, about 80 percent of Americans will suffer from back pain at one time or another.

CIFAR receives $4M to strengthen health research in B.C.
The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research welcomes the announcement by British Columbia's Ministry of Health that it has made a contribution of $4 million to the Institute.

Towards new IT devices with stable and transformable solitons
Multi-digit systems, solitonics and brain-like machines. Their experiments and models are published in Nature Physics and pave the way to a new field of electronics: Solitonics.

Study: Medicare could overpay medicare advantage plans by $200 billion over ten years
Research conducted at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that current trends in diagnostic coding for patient risk scores will lead to Medicare overpaying Medicare Advantage (MA) plans substantially through 2026-likely to the tune of hundreds of billions of dollars.

Exploring the matter that filled the early universe
Theorists and scientists conducting experiments that recreate matter as it existed in the very early universe are gathered in Chicago this week to present and discuss their latest results.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Carlos over La Reunion and Mauritius
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Carlos when it was affecting La Reunion and Mauritius islands in the Southern Indian Ocean.

UTSW identifies ion channel necessary for hormone and anti-obesity drug to suppress eating
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified an ion channel required for brain cells to suppress eating behavior in response to the hormone leptin or to the anti-obesity drug lorcaserin.

Fred Hutch's Paulovich lab to lead protein assay work for Beau Biden Cancer Moonshot
Paulovich's lab will develop a customized panel of MRM (multiple reaction monitoring)-based assays and deploy these assays to quantify tumor proteins in clinical samples from patients receiving treatment.

Smarter MRI diagnosis with nano MRI lamp
IBS scientists devise a new platform to overcome the limits of MRI contrast agents.

Is the pain coming from your hip, spine or both?
Many patients live with low back pain that radiates to the buttock, groin, thigh, and even knees.

Weight-management benchmarks not met in primary care of overweight Latino children
One of the first studies of provider-patient communication regarding weight-management and associated electronic medical records finds that many benchmarks of quality weight-management care are not met during primary-care visits with overweight Latino children.

In crowd wisdom, the 'surprisingly popular' answer can trump ignorance of the masses
Crowd wisdom tends to favor the most popular information, not necessarily the most correct -- mass ignorance can cancel out a knowledgeable minority, resulting in the wrong answer becoming the most accepted.

Study finds troubling consequences for anti-Muslim and anti-Mexican attitudes and actions
In a study conducted during the 2016 US Republican Primaries, researchers from Penn and Northwestern found that Americans hold dehumanizing views of Muslims and Mexican immigrants, and as a result of feeling dehumanized, these groups become more likely to favor violent action over nonviolent and are less likely to assist with counterterrorism.

Federal law increases use of services for autism without raising out-of-pocket costs
A federal law aimed at requiring equal insurance benefits for both physical and mental health care has increased the use of services by children with autism spectrum disorder without increasing the out-of-pocket costs to their families, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Building a better microbial fuel cell -- using paper
Researchers have made significant progress in developing microbial fuel cells, which rely on bacteria to generate an electrical current, that are cheaper and more efficient.

What are the best treatments for female genital mutilation?
A new review provides valuable insights for improving the health care of girls and women living with female genital mutilation.

Stomach acid provides long-term power for ingestible devices
Scientists have developed a set of ingestible devices that draw energy from fluids in the stomach and the small intestine, and can provide power for nearly a week.

Get an image of the future of health at SIR 2017
More than 400 original scientific studies of minimally invasive, image-guided treatments that may solve some of today's toughest medical problems will be presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's (SIR) 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting, March 4-9, 2017, at the Walter E.

OU psychology professor recipient of early career impact award
A University of Oklahoma psychology professor, Edward Cokely, is the recipient of a 2017 Early Career Impact Award from the Federation of Associations in Behavioral & Brain Sciences.

Barely educated humans impact bear behavior
The American black bear can rest easier thanks to conservation research conducted at UBC's Okanagan campus.

How does the brain make perceptual predictions over time?
NYU neuroscientist David Heeger offers a new framework to explain how the brain makes predictions.

NIH-funded project leads to FDA-approved newborn screening device
A newborn screening device, developed with early-stage National Institutes of Health funding, has received de novo clearance from the U.S.

New research concludes that pasta eaters have better diet quality
New research shows that that pasta consumption in adults is associated with overall better diet quality when compared to adults who don't eat pasta.

CUNY researchers seek to improve welfare in captive birds of prey through olfactory enrichment
For the first time, researchers are exploring ways to improve welfare in captive birds of prey through olfactory enrichment -- or using scent cues to alleviate boredom and encourage species-appropriate behavior.

Uterine glands vital for embryo growth, successful pregnancies
Scientists and doctors have known for several years that glands within the uterus produce Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF), which is vital for embryo implantation and successful pregnancies.

Cholera bacteria stab and poison enemies at predictable rates
Living systems that have dynamics about as predictable as a chemical reaction: Bacteria that stab and poison for defense and conquest are charted using math equations that apply to phase separation of metals.

Potential new cancer treatment activates cancer-engulfing cells
Macrophages are a type of white blood cell that can engulf and destroy cancer cells.

When data's deep, dark places need to be illuminated
US Department of Defense DARPA Memex project web crawl and analytics speeds enhanced by Wrangler data intensive supercomputer.

Building a better model of human-automation interaction
Automation system designers and human factors researchers can now rely on a new taxonomy to guide them in how intuitive cognition fits into the current model of human-automation interaction.

Everglades restoration report shows success, but climate change remains a challenge
According to a new National Academies report on the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP), the CERP has accomplished positive results -- more water flows through the Everglades system than when the restoration began, and short of extreme conditions the new system performs better in the face of rain or drought.

Study sheds light on how carnivorous plants acquired a taste for meat
A new study probes the origins of carnivory in several distantly related plants -- including the Australian, Asian and American pitcher plants, which appear strikingly similar to the human (or insect) eye.

What happened to the sun over 7,000 years ago?
By analyzing the level of a carbon isotope in tree rings from a specimen of an ancient bristlecone pine, a team led by Nagoya University researchers has revealed that the sun exhibited a unique pattern of activity in 5480 BC.

This spiny slug blazed a trail for snails
Scientists have unearthed the 480-million-year-old remains of a creature that reveals the earliest stages in the evolution of mollusks, a diverse group of invertebrates that includes squids, octopuses, snails, and clams.

Five new Pensoft journals integrated with Dryad to improve data discoverability
Academic publisher Pensoft strengthens partnership with Dryad by adding its latest five journals to the list integrated with the digital repository.

Scientists catalogue 'parts list' of brain cell types in a major appetite center
Scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have catalogued more than 20,000 brain cells in one region of the mouse hypothalamus.

Genetic defect found to cause disease in multiple organs
New research from Queen Mary University of London has identified a novel syndrome in patients with kidney and adrenal disease.

Powerful change: A profile of today's solar consumer
People with higher incomes and better education no longer dominate demand for the domestic solar market in Queensland with a new QUT study revealing the highest uptake in solar PV systems comes from families on medium to lower incomes.

An application of astronomy to save endangered species
The world's first project that combines drone technology with astrophysics to monitor the distribution and density of animal populations to help the conservation of endangered species.

Low-cost imaging system detects natural gas leaks in real time
Researchers have developed an infrared imaging system that could one day offer low-cost, real-time detection of methane gas leaks in pipelines and at oil and gas facilities.

Research finds flaws in studies of mass deworming efforts for children in poor countries
Research published in the International Journal of Epidemiology finds that three widely cited studies relating to mass deworming in Africa have substantial problems in their methods and analysis.

The heavier the person, the lower the chance of getting hospice care or dying at home
The heavier someone is, the less likely they are to have what many people might call a 'good death,' with hospice care and a chance to die at home, a new study finds.

Clinical trial informed consent quality similar in developed, developing countries
Making sure that participants of a clinical trial provide informed consent -- understanding their role, along with any risks and benefits of voluntary participation -- is a cornerstone of ethical trials.

World lung health study allows scientists to predict your chance of developing deadly disease
Breakthrough advance offers the potential to defuse a 'ticking timebomb' for serious lung disease, including for over 1 billion smokers worldwide.

Gene therapy restores hearing in deaf mice...down to a whisper
In the summer of 2015, a team at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School reported restoring rudimentary hearing in genetically deaf mice using gene therapy.

Global consortium formed to educate leaders on climate and health
With funding from The Rockefeller Foundation, Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, home to the nation's first academic program in climate and health, today announces a Global Consortium on Climate and Health Education to share best scientific and educational practices and design model curricula on the health impacts of climate change for academic and non-academic audiences.

Hundreds of ancient earthworks built in the Amazon
The Amazonian rainforest was transformed over 2,000 years ago by ancient people who built hundreds of large, mysterious earthworks.

Psychotherapy normalizes the brain in social phobia
Psychotherapy is a central treatment for social anxiety disorder. Due to this treatment, changes in key brain structures involved in emotion processing and regulation are normalized, as researchers from the University of Zurich, Zurich University Hospital and the University Hospital of Psychiatry Zurich demonstrate in a new study.

Immune receptor that's typically activated by bacteria is a major contributor to bladder dysfunction in diabetes
Bladder dysfunction is a reality for about half of patients with diabetes and now scientists have evidence that an immune system receptor that's more typically activated by bacteria is a major contributor.

'I feel for you' -- some really do
In an article published in the journal Cortex, University of Delaware researchers reveal new information about mirror-touch synesthesia based on one of the largest studies of its kind.

CU scientists help pinpoint genetic changes related to carnivorous plant evolution
A team of scientists that includes researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have sequenced the genome of the Australian pitcher plant and discovered a key to the mystery of how those plants became predatory.

Less is more: Exposure to stimuli for overcoming phobia
A team of investigators, led by Bradley S. Peterson, M.D., director of the Institute for the Developing Mind at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, and Paul Siegel, Ph.D., associate professor of psychology at Purchase College of the State University of New York, have found that exposure to phobic images without conscious awareness is more effective than longer, conscious exposure for reducing fear.

New technique slashes diagnosis time during brain surgery
Neurosurgeons want the quickest, most accurate information to help them make decisions during brain tumor surgery.

Genomes in flux: New study reveals hidden dynamics of bird and mammal DNA evolution
Evolution is often thought of as a gradual remodeling of the genome, the genetic blueprints for building an organism.

Myopia cell discovered in retina
Scientists have discovered a cell in the retina that may cause myopia when it dysfunctions.

WSU researchers tackle impact of climate change on plants
Washington State University researchers are undertaking an industrious investigation into the effects of global warming on plants.

Rapid test detects mobile resistance gene mcr-1
Scientists from the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) and the Justus Liebig University Giessen (JLU) have evaluated a rapid test that detects the dreaded colistin resistance gene within twenty minutes.

Can sharks be fished sustainably? Yes (but it's going to take work)
Conventional wisdom holds that sharks can't be harvested in a sustainable manner because they are long-lived animals.

New algorithms may revolutionize drug discoveries -- and our understanding of life
A new set of machine learning algorithms developed by U of T researchers that can generate 3-D structures of tiny protein molecules may revolutionize the development of drug therapies for a range of diseases, from Alzheimer's to cancer.

Spiny, armored slug reveals ancestry of molluscs
Scientists from the University of Bristol have uncovered a 480-million-year-old slug-like fossil in Morocco which sheds new light on the evolution of molluscs -- a diverse group of invertebrates that includes clams, snails and squids.

NJIT grad students invent slick new dating app
FaceDate, a mobile dating app that matches people based on their facial features in lieu of text profiles, was created by Ph.D. students Hillol Debnath, Nafize Paiker, Jianchen Shan and master's student Pradyumna Neog under the direction of Cristian Borcea, professor and chair of the computer science department. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to