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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | February 09, 2017


Subsea mining moves closer to shore
Mining in the deep sea is technically very challenging and at present not economically feasible.
Metamaterial: Mail armor inspires physicists
The Middle Ages certainly were far from being science-friendly: Whoever looked for new findings off the beaten track faced the threat of being burned at the stake.
The Deccan Traps: Double, double magma trouble
A new study suggests that roughly 65 million years ago, not just one plume of magma, but two, fueled the mass eruption along the Deccan Traps, an event that contributed to one of the greatest extinction events on Earth.
New, long-lasting flow battery could run for more than a decade with minimum upkeep
Harvard researchers have developed a new flow battery that stores energy in organic molecules dissolved in neutral pH water.
Scientists estimate solar nebula's lifetime
MIT scientists have a new estimate for the lifetime of the solar nebula, the gaseous precursor of the solar system: Measurements from ancient meteorites suggest the solar nebula disappeared within 4 million years.
UMass Amherst research may lead to non-surgical cataract treatment
Early phase discoveries by polymer physicist Murugappan Muthukumar at UMass Amherst regarding the fundamental science of proteins in the lens of the human eye could revolutionize treatment of cataract and presbyopia.
Gas hydrate breakdown unlikely to cause massive greenhouse gas release
A recent interpretive review of scientific literature performed by the US Geological Survey and the University of Rochester sheds light on the interactions of gas hydrates and climate.
New method of genetic engineering indispensable tool in biotechnological applications
Research by Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Huimin Zhao and graduate student Behnam Enghiad at the University of Illinois is pioneering a new method of genetic engineering for basic and applied biological research and medicine.
Support for health professionals reduces unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals
An updated Cochrane Review published today has identified effective and safe ways to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals.
NASA spacecraft prepares to fly to new heights
NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale mission begins a three-month long journey into a new orbit, taking it twice as far out as it has previously flown, to areas where magnetic reconnection is thought to trigger auroras.
Wave of the future: Terahertz chips a new way of seeing through matter
Electromagnetic pulses lasting one millionth of a millionth of a second may hold the key to advances in medical imaging, communications and drug development.
Less driving linked to a decrease in roadway fatalities
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine shows that a significant decrease in automobile travel from 2003-2014 correlated with a decrease in the number of crash deaths, with the largest reduction among young men.
Gene variant identified for Kawasaki disease susceptibility
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues at Rady Children's Institute for Genomic Medicine and in London and Singapore, have conducted novel whole genome sequencing of a family in which two of four children were affected by Kawasaki disease.
New study links brain stem volume and aggression in autism
New research from autism experts is providing clues into the link between aggression and autism -- clues the team hopes will eventually lead to more effective intervention.
Rice takes deeper look at unconventional oil and gas
Rice chemical engineers build simulations based on samples from unconventional, organic shale formations that can help predict how much oil and gas a well might produce and how best to extract it.
Researchers model impact of vaccine campaigns on invasive Salmonella
In sub-Saharan Africa, invasive strains of non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) have been found to be a cause of systemic, often fatal, infections in young children.
Bacteria fed synthetic iron-containing molecules turn into electrical generators
The bacterial world is rife with unusual talents, among them a knack for producing electricity.
Doctors create 'MAGIC algorithm' to predict bone marrow transplant patients' risk of dying
Researchers at Mount Sinai Health System have discovered a way to predict whether blood cancer patients who received a bone marrow transplant will develop graft-versus-host disease, a common and often lethal complication, according to a study published in JCI (The Journal of Clinical Investigation) Insight.
$2 million grant to speed the development of new vector control products
LSTM's Department of Vector Biology has received a major grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for a research programme to develop novel test protocols to accelerate development and bring to market, the next generation of vector control products.
Sticky gels turn insect-sized drones into artificial pollinators
As bees slip onto the endangered species lists, researchers in Japan are pollinating lilies with insect-sized drones.
The firefly among fish
The flashlight fish Anomalops katoptron, which inhabits the coral reefs of the Pacific, uses flashing signals to forage for food at night.
How best to treat infections and tumors
A new research analysis provides physicians and patients with new information to help them make difficult decisions about how to treat tumors and infections.
$9.4 million grant helps scientists explore how cell death from high blood pressure fuels even higher pressure
It's been known for decades that a bacterial infection can raise your blood pressure short term, but now scientists are putting together the pieces of how our own dying cells can fuel chronically high, destructive pressure.
NASA team looks to ancient earth first to study hazy exoplanets
For astronomers trying to understand which distant planets might have habitable conditions, the role of atmospheric haze has been hazy.
Bacteria sleep, then rapidly evolve, to survive antibiotic treatments
Using quantitative approaches from physics, Hebrew University biophysicists discovered a surprising way that bacteria can evolve resistance to antibiotics.
How best to treat infections and tumors: Containment versus aggressive treatment
A new mathematical analysis by researchers at Penn State University and the University of Michigan, publishing Feb.
New study identifies organic matter composition as a critical factor controlling mercury methylation
Swedish researchers at Uppsala and Umeå universities now show that the formation of methylmercury in sediment is controlled by the molecular composition of the organic matter.
Research reveals novel quantum state in strange insulating materials
Experiments show how electrons in Mott insulators with strong spin-orbit coupling arrange themselves to make the materials magnetic at low temperatures.
Malaria mosquitos sensitive to horseradish
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have taken an important step on the road to understanding the underlying mechanism of how and why animals can feel pain in connection with cold or heat.
Virus Evolution awarded Best New Journal in Science category at the 2017 PROSE Awards
Oxford University Press is pleased to announce that one of its journals, Virus Evolution, has won the 2017 PROSE Award for the Best New Journal in the Science, Technology, and Medicine category.
Noradrenaline enhances vision through β-adrenergic receptors
Osaka University researchers show that the positive effects on vision by noradrenaline act through β-adrenergic receptors.
Antibiotic use for travelers' diarrhea favors particularly resistant super bacteria
Every year, millions of travelers visit countries with poor hygiene, and approximately one third of them return home carrying antibiotic-resistant ESBL intestinal bacteria.
Ancient horse fossils hint factors driving evolution different than thought
A new study analyzing the evolution of horses suggests that patterns of migration and changes in environment drive the development of new traits, countering a theory called rapid phenotypic evolution that proposes the opposite -- that is, that development of traits is what allows a species to take over new niches.
Deeper origin of gill evolution suggests 'active lifestyle' link in early vertebrates
Fish embryo study indicates that the last common ancestor of vertebrates was a complex animal complete with gills -- overturning prior scientific understanding and complementing recent fossil finds.
Allow some people to continue to self-injure as part of harm minimization, says researcher
Some people in mental health units should be allowed to continue to injure themselves as part of a harm reduction regime, says a researcher with experience of mental health care in the Journal of Medical Ethics.
Study examines how behavioral science can help tackle problem of idling engines
New research led by an academic at the University of East Anglia suggests that insights from behavioral science can help inform the design of road signs to bring about changes in driver behavior.
The Internet and your brain are more alike than you think
Salk scientist finds similar rule governing traffic flow in engineered and biological systems.
Genetics of both virus and patient work together to influence the course of HIV infection
Viral and human genetics together account for about one third of the differences in disease progression rates seen among people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), according to new research published in PLOS Computational Biology.
Dual-function nanorod LEDs could make multifunctional displays
Cellphones and other devices could soon be controlled with touchless gestures and charge themselves using ambient light, thanks to new LED arrays that can both emit and detect light.
New $3.2 million NIH grant supports nation's first mobile post-ICU recovery program
Two million of the five million Americans admitted to intensive care units annually have or develop acute respiratory failure.
New simple method quickly reveals kidney damage
Researchers from Aarhus University have recently developed a new method for diagnosing kidney damage.
Infectious outbreak in critically ill children leads to recall of contaminated medication
Infection prevention and control experts at Texas Children's Hospital halted a 24-patient outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia in critically ill children after identifying docusate, a liquid stool softener, as the underlying source of the bacteria.
Recreational amphetamine use may hasten biological aging of the heart
The use of recreational amphetamine, popularly known as 'speed,' 'ice,' and 'ecstasy,' may hasten the biological ageing of the heart, suggests research, published in the online journal Heart Asia.
Big data for the universe
Astronomers at Lomonosov Moscow State University in cooperation with their French colleagues and with the help of citizen scientists have released 'The Reference Catalog of galaxy SEDs,' which contains value-added information about 800,000 galaxies.
SPbPU -- first university to introduce computational computer code for Airbus
Peter the Great Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) and Airbus collaborate on development and deployment of ASRP (Assembly Simulation of Riveting Process) software complex.
Methane levels have increased in Marcellus Shale region despite dip in well installation
Despite a slow down in the number of new natural gas wells in the Marcellus Shale region of Northeast Pennsylvania, new research led by Drexel University finds that atmospheric methane levels in the area are still increasing.
NASA spots Tropical Cyclone Carlos south of La Reunion Island
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Carlos as it moved south of La Reunion Island in the Southern Indian Ocean.
Brain damage is not always damaging
Strokes are usually, but not always, debilitating. This case report documents the extraordinary resilience of a woman in Argentina who endured multiple strokes.
ORNL wins four FLC technology transfer awards
Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers win four Federal Laboratory Consortium awards.
Large scale antibiotic resistant genes found in estuarine wetland due to human activity
An international group of researchers, led by Professor ZHU Yongguan from the Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, have detected the widespread presence of antibiotic resistance genes in estuarine areas -- regions where land, freshwater and seawater meet.
High-throughput, in vivo validation of candidate congenital heart disease genes
Specific genetic errors that trigger congenital heart disease in humans can be reproduced reliably in Drosophila melanogaster -- the common fruit fly -- an initial step toward personalized therapies for patients in the future.
RIT researcher gets NIST award to develop security measures for deeply-embedded systems
Mehran Mozaffari Kermani, a faculty member at Rochester Institute of Technology, recently received a grant to design security measures for computing systems that will protect wearable and implanted medical devices such as pacemakers from cyberattacks.
Extended lactation does not impair the quality or cheese-making property of milk
There are no problems with the milk quality from cows managed for extended lactation.
Emphysema treatment could be optimized using network modelling
A unique engineering perspective of emphysema progression in the lung suggests how mechanisms operating at the micromechanical scale could help to predict patient survival and quality of life following treatment -- according to new research published in PLOS Computational Biology.
Scientists identify aggressive pancreatic cancer cells and their vulnerability
A team from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center describes this week in the journal Nature a series of preclinical experiments using patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDXs) and mouse models that point to potential treatments for patients with a rapidly-progressing and resistant subgroup of tumor cells.
New data reveal aging experiences of LGBT Americans
A new supplemental issue of the journal The Gerontologist presents the findings of the largest national survey to date focused on the health and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults.
Fossil treasure-trove reveals post-extinction world ruled by sponges
A joint team of researchers from China and Britain revealed a new fossil fauna, the Anji Biota, which document post-extinction sponge-dominated communities from uppermost Ordovician rocks of South China.
Matters of the heart: YorkU researchers create 3-D beating heart
Matters of the heart can be complicated, but York University scientists have found a way to create 3-D heart tissue that beats in synchronized harmony, like a heart in love, that will lead to better understanding of cardiac health and improved treatments.
Infection defense: Call for support by the killer cells
A few days after a viral infection, countless killer cells swarm out to track down and kill infected body cells.
Industrial maintenance is becoming knowledge work
Virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and mobile social media will soon be part of everyday work for service technicians.
We like taking selfies but not looking at them
An online survey has found that although taking and posting selfies is hugely popular, 82 percent of participants would prefer fewer selfies on social media.
Language barriers may interfere with access to kidney transplantation
Higher degrees of linguistic isolation were linked with a lower likelihood of transitioning from inactive to active status on the kidney transplant waiting list and with incomplete transplant evaluations.
Two investigational antitumor agents work better together against MPNST and neuroblastoma
A new study published last week in Oncotarget demonstrates that the combined usage of Aurora A kinase inhibitor (alisertib) and HSV1716 results in significantly increased antitumor efficacy in models of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) and neuroblastoma.
Queen's University spearheads UK collaboration with top Chinese engineering institutions
A group of UK Russell Group Universities, led by Queen's University Belfast, has been selected to build major collaborations with the top ten engineering institutions in China.
New research to help preserve the benefits people receive from nature
Humans rely on things that come from nature -- including clean air, water, food, and timber.
Hubble finds big brother of Halley's Comet ripped apart by white dwarf
Scientists using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have observed, for the first time, a massive, comet-like object that has been ripped apart and scattered in the atmosphere of a white dwarf.
New engineered material can cool roofs, structures with zero energy consumption
A team of University of Colorado Boulder engineers has developed a scalable manufactured metamaterial -- an engineered material with extraordinary properties not found in nature -- to act as a kind of air conditioning system for structures.
Words can sound 'round' or 'sharp' without us realizing it
Our tendency to match specific sounds with specific shapes, even abstract shapes, is so fundamental that it guides perception before we are consciously aware of it, according to new research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
'Tolerant' bacteria drive resistance to antibiotics
Disease-causing bacteria that become resistant most quickly to the antibiotic ampicillin do so by acquiring mutations that allow them to tolerate the antibiotic first, a new study reveals.
Hubble witnesses massive comet-like object pollute atmosphere of a white dwarf
For the first time, scientists using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have witnessed a massive object with the makeup of a comet being ripped apart and scattered in the atmosphere of a white dwarf, the burned-out remains of a compact star.
Yale scientists study how some insulin-producing cells survive in type 1 diabetes
A Yale-led research team identified how insulin-producing cells that are typically destroyed in type 1 diabetes can change in order to survive immune attack.
Researchers show how Lou Gehrig's disease progression could be delayed
A team of biomedical scientists led by researchers at the University of California, Riverside has identified a molecule (123C4) that targets a gene (EphA4 receptor) that plays a critical role in the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, sometimes known as Lou Gehrig's disease, which affects motor neurons.
Researchers identify new cause of brain defects in tuberous sclerosis patients
Boston Children's Hospital researchers have uncovered a new molecular pathway that inhibits the myelination of neurons in the brains of patients with the rare genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis complex.
Researchers optimize the assembly of micro-/meso-/macroporous carbon for Li-S batteries
High volume ratio of carbon micropores combined with the assembly of meso-/macropores remarkably improve the capabilities of Li-S batteries, which relieve shuttle effect by strong physical absorption from micropores, increase sulfur content and supply abundant avenue for electrolyte infiltration and ion transportation by meso-/macropores.
New drug screening system could help speed development of a cure for HPV
Scientists have used genetic engineering techniques to develop a new system that could aid identification of potential drug targets and treatments for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, according to a PLOS Pathogens study.
Research uncovers bacteria linking Crohn's disease to arthritis
Patients with Crohn's disease, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes abdominal pain and diarrhea, can also experience joint pain.
Poverty and high neighborhood murder rates increase depression in older adults
Older adults who live in poor and violent urban neighborhoods are at greater risk for depression, a study by researchers from UC Davis, the University of Minnesota and other institutions published Jan.
MBL study illuminates the origin of vertebrate gills
This week in Current Biology, J. Andrew Gillis of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, and the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), Woods Hole, demonstrates that gills evolved once early in vertebrate evolution and were later inherited by both vertebrate lineages (jawless and jawed) when they branched.
Direct radiolabeling of nanomaterials
Positron emission tomography plays a pivotal role for monitoring the distribution and accumulation of radiolabeled nanomaterials in living subjects.
Cancer Research UK announces Grand Challenge teams to answer biggest questions in cancer
Cancer Research UK today announces that four international teams are the first recipients of its global £100 million Grand Challenge competition, which aims to overcome the biggest challenges facing cancer researchers in a global effort to beat cancer sooner.
Climate change responsible for the great diversity in horses
Changing environments and ecosystems were driving the evolution of horses over the past 20 million years.
GW researcher finds genetic cause of new type of muscular dystrophy
George Washington University & St. George's University of London research, published in The American Journal of Human Genetics, outlines a newly discovered genetic mutation associated with short stature, muscle weakness, intellectual disability, and cataracts, leading researchers to believe this is a new type of congenital muscular dystrophy.
Los Alamos research on cancer's origins key part of huge grant
Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher Ludmil Alexandrov has been announced as a member of one of the first four global research teams funded under Cancer Research UK's 'Grand Challenge,' which seeks to revolutionize the understanding of cancer and its prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
Older adults embracing 'living apart together'
A new phenomenon called 'Living Apart Together' (LAT) -- an intimate relationship without a shared residence -- is gaining popularity as an alternative form of commitment.
Chemicals hitch a ride onto new protein for better compounds
Berkeley Lab chemists have developed a powerful new method of selectively linking chemicals to proteins, a major advance in the manipulation of biomolecules that could transform the way drugs are developed, proteins are probed, and molecules are tracked and imaged.
Researchers cast into doubt a tenet of the dominant evolutionary biology model
A team of Université Laval researchers has cast into doubt a tenet of evolutionary biology according to which organisms with more than one copy of the same gene in their genome are more resilient to genetic perturbations.
Music professor receives patent to help fight bark beetles ravaging Western forests
Researchers are applying the results of nearly a decade of acoustic research in an unconventional effort to stop bark beetles from tunneling through the living tissue of weakened, drought-stressed pine trees.
ESMO announces new award for achievements in immuno-oncology
ESMO announces new award honoring individuals for outstanding achievements in the area of cancer immunotherapy and the launch of the ESMO Immuno-Oncology Congress.
Dwarf star 200 light years away contains life's building blocks
Many scientists believe the Earth was initially dry and that water, carbon and nitrogen -- the building blocks for life -- likely came as a result of collisions with objects that began their lives in the cold outer reaches of our solar system.
Hair analysis may help diagnose Cushing syndrome, NIH researchers report
Analyzing a hair sample may help with the diagnosis of Cushing syndrome, a rare and potentially fatal disorder in which the body overproduces the stress hormone cortisol, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.
A new sensitive and stable self-powered photodetector
Researchers in Singapore and China have collaborated to develop a self-powered photodetector that can be used in a wide range of applications such as chemical analysis, communications, astronomical investigations and much more.
Mapping Biodiversity and Conservation Hotspots of the Amazon
Researchers have used remote sensing data to map out the functional diversity of the Peruvian Andes and Amazon basin, a technique that revealed hotspots for conservation.
University of Maryland researchers make strides in schizophrenia diagnosis research
Researchers from the University of Maryland College Park (UMD) and Baltimore (UMB) campuses have developed a blood test that could help doctors more quickly diagnose schizophrenia and other disorders.
Potential breakthrough for treating hypertension with ultra low-dose combinations
A small but clinically important trial of a new ultra-low dose four-in-one pill to treat high blood pressure has produced remarkable results.
An 'ignition key' revs up DNA shuffling to make antibodies
Rearranging the genome is a risky endeavor, and human cells reserve it for special occasions, like making egg and sperm cells.
Life begets life: The diversity of species on Earth is generating itself
If competition is the main evolutionary driver, why can so many species coexist within the same ecosystem instead to have a few that dominate?
Despite few taste genes, honey bees seek out essential nutrients based on floral resources
A study led by Tufts University scientists found that despite having few taste genes, honey bees are fine-tuned to know what minerals the colony may lack and proactively seek out nutrients in conjunction with the season when their floral diet varies.
Staying cool without an air conditioner
Under the intense heat of a midday sun, a newly developed film can dissipate the sun's thermal energy in the form of infrared radiation, resulting in a cooling effect, a new study shows.
Stanford researchers among those discussing the future of conservation
The world is changing too fast for nature to keep up.
Researchers develop device that emulates human kidney function
Instead of running tests on live kidneys, researchers at Binghamton, University State University of New York have developed a model kidney for working out the kinks in medicines and treatments.
Women who have a false positive screening mammogram more likely to delay next screen
Women who had a false positive result from a screening mammogram were more likely to delay or forgo their subsequent screening mammogram than women who had a true negative result.
Lost in translation: Parkinson's disease research undercut by study design
In a review of animal studies of Parkinson's disease therapies, Yale researchers identified trends that may contribute to the lack of success in human clinical trials.
UTIA project named Project of the Year for DoD Environmental Security Technology
A project to identify and track threatened, endangered and at-risk avian species on US Department of Defense (DoD) facilities has been named the DoD's Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) project of the year for 2016.
VA-Defense study aims to track mild traumatic brain injury over decades
Veterans Affairs and Defense researchers are enrolling at least 1,100 service members and veterans who fought in Iraq or Afghanistan to learn more about mild traumatic brain injury and how it can be best evaluated, and perhaps prevented and treated.
ANU scientists make new high-tech liquid materials
Scientists at The Australian National University have controlled wave-generated currents to make previously unimaginable liquid materials for new technological innovations, including techniques to manipulate micro-organisms.
Footballing success in the young can be measured in the brain
The working memory and other cognitive functions in children and young people can be associated with how successful they are on the football pitch, a new study from Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, shows.
Neural network learns to select potential anticancer drugs
Scientists from Mail.Ru Group, Insilico Medicine and MIPT for the first time have applied a generative neural network to create new pharmaceutical medicines with the desired characteristics.
Digital photography could be a key factor in rural health care
Photographs may lead to better treatment and care for patients in rural communities, a UBC Okanagan study shows.
Climate change and fishing create 'trap' for penguins
Endangered penguins are foraging for food in the wrong places due to fishing and climate change, new research shows.
Dial-an-interpreter can help docs get patients' consent
There is healthy reasoning in installing bedside interpreter-phone systems in hospitals so that patients can be connected to professional interpreters around the clock.
Evidence points to fish oil to fight asthma
University of Rochester Medical Center scientists have discovered new essential information about omega 3 fatty acids contained in fish oil and how they could be used for asthma patients.
ESMO Summit Africa 2017 starts tomorrow
ESMO Summit Africa 2017, starting tomorrow in Cape Town, South Africa, is a three-day educational event with presentations focused on several key disease sites, created for oncology professionals in Africa by international and local key opinion leaders.
Newly discovered beetle species catches a ride on the back of army ants
A new species of beetle has been spotted hitchhiking on the back of army ants as a means of transportation, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Zoology.
UCI, NASA reveal new details of Greenland ice loss
Less than a year after the first research flight kicked off NASA's Oceans Melting Greenland campaign, data from the new program are providing a dramatic increase in knowledge of how Greenland's ice sheet is melting from below.
Computer trained to predict which AML patients will go into remission, which will relapse
Researchers have developed the first computer machine-learning model to accurately predict which patients diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia, or AML, will go into remission following treatment for their disease and which will relapse.
Genetic 'switch' in animals offers clues to evolutionary origins of fine motor skills
Researchers have identified a genetic signature found exclusively in the nerve cells that supply, or innervate, the muscles of an organism's outermost extremities: the hands and feet.
Endangered African penguins are falling into an 'ecological trap'
As the climate changes and fisheries transform the oceans, the world's African penguins are in trouble, according to researchers reporting in Current Biology on Feb.
In-cell molecular sieve from protein crystal
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology, RIKEN, and Kyoto Institute of Technology have applied rational crystal design to create protein crystals with extended porous network to accumulate exogenous molecules inside living cells.
New mechanobiology technique to stop cancer cell migration
OIST researchers have synthesized a molecule that targets the membranes of cervical cancer cells to block their migration.
From brouhaha to coordination: Motor learning from the neuron's point of view
Neuroscientists have begun 'dissecting' the evolution of the patterns of neural activity associated with the learning of motor tasks by animals.
Sorting machine for atoms
Physicists at the University of Bonn have cleared a further hurdle on the path to creating quantum computers: in a recent study, they present a method with which they can very quickly and precisely sort large numbers of atoms.
Why malaria mosquitoes like people with malaria
Malaria mosquitoes prefer to feed -- and feed more -- on blood from people infected with malaria.
International team of researchers develop new model for earlier treatments for AMD
An international team of researchers from Queen's University Belfast, University College London and the University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA have developed a cell culture model that could help to develop earlier treatment strategies for age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Broken pebbles offer clues to Paleolithic funeral rituals
Researchers from Canada, the US and Italy uncover evidence that people in the Upper Paleolithic Period used stone spatulas to decorate the bodies of the dead with ochre.
Fossil record should help guide conservation in a changing world
A group of biologists, paleobiologists, lawyers, policymakers and writers is urging conservationists not only to save species, but also to preserve a diverse array of ecosystem structures and functions in the face of rising populations and changing climate.
Meta-lenses bring benchtop performance to small, hand-held spectrometer
A research team of physicists from Harvard University has developed new hand-held spectrometers capable of the same performance as large, benchtop instruments.

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