Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 10, 2017
Pre-eclampsia deaths are avoidable -- new comment in The Lancet
Pregnancy in the UK has never been safer, say scientists from King's College London writing in the latest edition of The Lancet.

Gut bacteria may play a role in Alzheimer's disease
New research from Lund University in Sweden has shown that intestinal bacteria can accelerate the development of Alzheimer's disease.

MIT Portugal Ph.D. alumna was awarded with the L'Oréal Portugal Medal for Women in Science
Patrícia Baptista developed the concept of an assessment tool that vulnerable users can use to choose the more accessible and sustainable routes.

Developmental biology: Life support for precursor cells
Programmed cell death is an integral part of embryonic development.

Laser-based camera improves view of the carotid artery
Michigan Medicine researchers employ novel technology to monitor vulnerabilities for cardiovascular events, aid in diagnosis and treatment.

Falsifying Galileo satellite signals will become more difficult
The European Union activated its Galileo satellite navigation system in December 2016.

Litter levels in the depths of the Arctic are on the rise
The Arctic has a serious litter problem: in just 10 years, the concentration of marine litter at a deep-sea station in the Arctic Ocean has risen 20-fold.

CUNY sociologist wins 2017 GRRI, publishes book on cross-national attitudes about homosexuality
Dr. Amy Adamczyk, Professor and Interim Chair of Sociology at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center, City University of New York, has received a 2017 Global Religion Research Initiative (GRRI) Award from Center for the Study of Religion and Society at the University of Notre Dame.

Consortium for Dark Sky Studies
The University of Utah has awarded formal recognition to the Consortium for Dark Sky Studies (CDSS), the first academic center in the world dedicated to discovering, developing, communicating and applying knowledge pertaining to the quality of the night skies.

Chinese air pollution linked to respiratory and cardiovascular deaths
In the largest epidemiological study conducted in the developing world, researchers found that as exposures to fine particulate air pollution in 272 Chinese cities increase, so do deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.

Four decades of evidence finds no link between immigration and increased crime
Political discussions about immigrants often include the claim that there is a relationship between immigration patterns and increased crime.

Mitochondrial lipids as potential targets in early onset Parkinson's disease
A team of researchers led by Patrik Verstreken have identified an underlying mechanism in early onset Parkinson's.

Traffic light in the brain
A research group offers new insights into the roles of different subareas in the prefrontal cortex.

NASA's spots Tropical Cyclone Carlos' night-time stretch
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a night-time image of Tropical Cyclone Carlos using infrared light that showed the storm was being stretched out.

Surrounding real estate shows increase in value if near transit station
A national meta-analysis led by a UTA researcher shows that single-family property increases only about 2.3 percent when located next to a transit station.

New study of ferroelectrics offers roadmap to multivalued logic for neuromorphic computing
Research published Wednesday in Nature Scientific Reports lays out a theoretical map to use ferroelectric material to process information using multivalued logic -- a leap beyond the simple ones and zeroes that make up our current computing systems that could let us process information much more efficiently.

Highlighting the clinical complications associated with ART in HIV/TB coinfected patients
Today Future Science Group announces the publication of an article in Future Virology highlighting the clinical complications associated with antiretroviral therapy in Chinese HIV/ Tuberculosis (TB) coinfected patients.

Lecithin enhances antimicrobial properties of the essential oil, eugenol
Lecithin, a natural emulsifier commonly used in processed foods, synergistically enhances the antimicrobial properties of the natural essential oil, eugenol, but only when applied in very small quantities.

Hubble sees spiral in Andromeda
The Andromeda constellation is one of the 88 modern constellations and should not be confused with our neighboring Andromeda Galaxy.

Alzheimer's may be linked to defective brain cells spreading disease
Rutgers scientists say neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's may be linked to defective brain cells disposing toxic proteins that make neighboring cells sick.

Stressed out interferons reveal potential key to alternative lupus treatment
New research has identified a previously unknown mechanism involved in the immune response that could provide an alternative therapy target for treating the estimated 1.5 million Americans and five million-plus people worldwide suffering from lupus.

Newfound effect of cancer drug may expand its use
A drug first designed to prevent cancer cells from multiplying has a second effect: it switches immune cells that turn down the body's attack on tumors back into the kind that amplify it.

Ancient signals from the early universe
For the first time, theoretical physicists from the University of Basel have calculated the signal of specific gravitational wave sources that emerged fractions of a second after the Big Bang.

Quest to settle riddle over Einstein's theory may soon be over
Experiments with advanced technology could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, and settle a longstanding puzzle over what is driving the accelerated expansion of the universe.

Prebiotics may help to cope with stress
Probiotics are well known to benefit digestive health, but prebiotics are less well understood.

HSE experts investigate how order emerges from chaos
Igor Kolokolov and Vladimir Lebedev, scientific experts from HSE's Faculty of Physics and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, have developed an analytical theory, which binds the structure of coherent vortices formed due to inverse cascades in 2-D turbulence with the statistical properties of hydrodynamic fluctuations.

Plasmas promote protein introduction in plants
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology and Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, NARO, have developed a technique for introducing proteins into plant cells using plasma treatment.

Researchers solve fish evolution mystery
The rapid evolution of Africa's Lake Victoria cichlids -- brightly colored, perch-like fish -- was facilitated by earlier hybridization between two distantly related cichlid species from the Upper Nile and Congo drainage systems.

Studies uncover long-term effects of traumatic brain injury
Doctors are beginning to get answers to the question that every parent whose child has had a traumatic brain injury wants to know: What will my child be like 10 years from now?

USU researchers develop genetic tool to improve arsenic studies
Arsenic-contaminated drinking water impacts millions of people worldwide. Groundwater contamination is primarily caused by microbes that convert one form of arsenic into another form that can infiltrate groundwater.

Minorities, Latino immigrants face greatest risk of injury, disability on the job
Disparities in work-related injury and disability rates among minorities indicate that policy makers and regulators may want to examine whether bias is a factor, conscious or unconscious, in employer practices for hiring and workers' job assignments, USC researchers recommended.

One step closer to personalized antibiotic treatment
A new super-fast and cheap method called poreFUME can now shed light on the pool of resistance genes in the gut faster than before.

Research suggests wearing a police uniform changes the way the brain processes info
New research from a team of cognitive neuroscientists at McMaster University suggests that simply putting on a uniform, similar to one the police might wear, automatically affects how we perceive others, creating a bias towards those considered to be of a low social status.

Nano-level lubricant tuning improves material for electronic devices and surface coatings
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new approach to dynamically tune the micro- and nano-scale roughness of atomically thin MoS2, and consequently the appropriate degree of hydrophobicity for various potential MoS2-based applications.

Study provides new insights on how diabetes drug works
Many individuals with type 2 diabetes produce abnormally low levels of a gut hormone called GLP-1, which normally stimulates insulin release from the pancreas.

OU receives Mellon Foundation grant for Native American arts initiative
The University of Oklahoma has received an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant for $750,000 to support a four-year initiative to increase cultural diversity while seeking to grow a mutually beneficial relationship between OU's doctoral program in Native American art and the Institute of American Indian Arts.

Cold plates and hot melts
The movements of Earth's tectonic plates shape the face of our planet.

New NHS treatment to help children with autism overcome phobias
The Blue Room, a unique immersive virtual reality which helps children with autism overcome their fears and phobias is now being offered on the NHS.

NTU to develop smart technologies to enhance workplace safety and courtroom procedures
Smart technologies, such as sensors to improve workplace safety and artificial intelligence to aid courtrooms, could emerge from a new research partnership between Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and the MITRE Corporation from the United States.

Protecting bulk power systems from hackers
Most of us take turning the lights on for granted.

Gaining an edge in head-to-head competition
The authors employ game theory to investigate how price, profit, and customer welfare fare when a duopoly of retailers uses money-back guarantees and personalized pricing to win market share.

New data from NOAA GOES-16's Space Environment In-Situ Suite (SEISS) instrument
The new Space Environment In-Situ Suite (SEISS) instrument onboard NOAA's GOES-16 is working and successfully sending data back to Earth.

Bluebells may fail to flourish as warmer days speed start of spring
Bluebells and some other spring flowers appear to be slipping out of sync with spring, as changes in seasonal temperatures alter the optimum time for them to come into leaf or flower, a new study has found.

Japan Safety Biomarker Workshop
The Japan Safety Biomarker Workshop, held February 20-21 at the RIKEN Institute, in Yokohama, Japan, assembles leading scientists and researchers from industry and academia, and government regulatory authorities.

Progress toward HIV cure highlighted in issue of AIDS Research & Human Retroviruses
A comprehensive collection of articles describing the broad scope and current status of this global effort is published in a special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.

Scientists estimate solar nebula's lifetime
A collaborative study involving Brookhaven, MIT, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, and the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro suggests the gas cloud from which our solar system formed lasted about 4 million years.

X-ray to study micronutrients in human minibrains
It is consensus that mothers' diet has critical effects on fetal development, and the absence of nutrients is related to impairments on brain formation.

Epilepsy drug discovered in fish model shows promise in small pediatric clinical trial
'Bench-to-bedside' describes research that has progressed from basic science in animal models that has led to therapies used in patients.

The search for human pheromones (video)
Molecules known as pheromones are a potent form of chemical communication in the animal kingdom, able to convey a creature's gender, fertility and more with scent alone.

Increasing the sensitivity of next-generation gravitational wave detectors
Nearly one year ago today, the LIGO Collaboration announced the detection of gravitational waves, once again confirming Einstein's theory of General Relativity.

Sea-level change in Southeast Asia 6,000 years ago has implications for today
Sea level in Southeast Asia fluctuated wildly -- and naturally -- more than 6,000 years ago, twice rising nearly two feet in a period of about 200 years.

Children's National urologist receives NIH R01 grant
Children's National Health System Urologist Michael Hsieh, M.D., was awarded a National Institutes of Health grant to optimize a set of parasite proteins that could alleviate pain in multiple types of bladder inflammation.

Atmospheric chemistry: Advancing on many fronts into the age of global change
Leading scientific researchers present invited authoritative reviews or summaries of their atmospheric chemistry research in the first volume of the World Scientific series Advances in Atmospheric Chemistry.

University incubators may lead to lower-quality innovation, new study shows
The establishment of university-affiliated incubators is often followed by a reduction in the quality of university innovations, according to a new study co-authored by a Baylor University entrepreneurship professor.

MD Anderson designated first Project ECHO superhub for oncology
Recognizing a critical need to address disparities in cancer care, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has been designated as an ECHO superhub for oncology by the ECHO Institute at the University of New Mexico Health Science Center (UNMHSC).

Price of a pill -- professor's new book examines affordable medicines
Countries both rich and poor are confronted with the challenge of making sure that medicines -- including new and costly treatments -- are widely available and affordable for growing and aging populations.

Malaria vaccine target's invasion partner uncovered
A team at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute has discovered how a promising malarial vaccine target -- the protein RH5 -- helps parasites to invade human red blood cells.

Discovering what shapes language diversity
A research team led by Colorado State University is the first to use a form of simulation modeling to study the processes that shape language diversity patterns.

Spanish software optimizes design of new mobile device chargers
Power Smart Control, a Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) spin-off, has updated software that optimizes the design of new mobile device chargers and other electronic power converters.

Mexican bracero exclusion failed to raise wages or employment for domestic farm workers in the US
A Dartmouth College-Center for Global Development study has found that the policy of excluding nearly half a million Mexican braceros (manual laborers) from US farms in the early 1960s did not in fact raise wages and employment for domestic farm workers.

Taming complexity
Quantum systems consisting of many particles are a major challenge for physicists, since their behavior can be determined only with immense computational power.

How does penis length change after prostate cancer surgery?
Many patients who have their prostate glands removed as a treatment for prostate cancer complain of shortening in the length of the penis.

50+ year-old protein volume paradox resolved
Research published this week in Nature Communications makes it possible to predict how volume for a given protein will change between the folded and unfolded state.

A new open source dataset links human motion and language
Researchers have created a large, open source database to support the development of robot activities based on natural language input.

Scientists discover an unexpected influence on dividing stem cells' fate
When it divides, a stem cell has a choice: produce more stem cells or turn into the specific types of cells that compose skin, muscle, brain, or other tissue.

Brazilian peppertree packs power to knock out antibiotic-resistant bacteria
The red berries of the Brazilian peppertree -- a weedy, invasive species common in Florida -- contain an extract with the power to disarm dangerous antibiotic-resistant staph bacteria, scientists at Emory University have discovered.

New method reduces adverse effects of rectal cancer treatment
A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that short-course preoperative radiotherapy combined with delayed surgery reduces the adverse side-effects of rectal cancer surgery without compromising its efficacy.

Monkey fights help explain tipping points in animal societies
A new analysis of pigtail macaque monkeys sheds light on social 'tipping points' in animal societies.

A warm relationship between corals and bacteria
KAUST shows the close association between corals and bacteria may help protect the coral animal from heat stress. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to