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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | February 13, 2017


Scientists isolate new antibodies to fight human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Researchers from VIB, UGent, the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth and several collaborators developed a new antiviral strategy to fight human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a leading cause of lower respiratory tract infections in children.
USC computer scientist to explain socially intelligent robots on Feb. 17
A University of Southern California computer scientist will present her research on socially assistive robots on Friday, Feb.
Mediterranean diet with virgin olive oil may boost 'good' cholesterol
A Mediterranean diet, particularly when enriched with virgin olive oil, appears to improve the function of high-density lipoprotein, the so-called good cholesterol, in patients at high risk for heart disease.
Septic shock surveillance should be based on clinical data, not billing codes
Tracking sepsis rates and outcomes is challenging because it is a heterogeneous syndrome without a definitive 'gold standard' test.
NASA gives the Webb Telescope a shakedown
Scientists and engineers had many challenges in designing the components of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope and then had to custom design and build ways to test it.
Intensive blood pressure control could prevent 100,000 deaths each year
Researchers have projected that aggressively lowering blood pressure could help prevent more than 100,000 deaths in the US each year.
Your brain on exercise
Psychologists design an experiment to investigate whether human vision is more sensitive during physical activity.
Desert songbirds may face expanding threat of lethal dehydration
A new study of songbird dehydration and survival risk during heat waves in the desert Southwest suggests that some birds are at risk of lethal dehydration and mass die-offs when water is scarce, and the risk is expected to increase as climate change advances.
Wikipedia readers get shortchanged by copyrighted material
When Google Books digitized 40 years worth of copyrighted and out-of-copyright issues of Baseball Digest magazine, Wikipedia editors realized they had scored.
Testosterone therapy provides protection against cardiovascular disease in men with low testosterone
Despite the continued controversy surrounding the use of testosterone in men who have testosterone deficiency (hypogonadism), a new study has found that long-term use of testosterone therapy not only improves vigor and vitality, but may reduce the risk of death due to cardiovascular (CV) disease.
Accelerating low-carbon innovation through policy
Will innovative technologies contribute to mitigating climate change? Learn about the successes and failures of low-carbon technology and how policy instruments help and hinder technological innovation.
Women in academic cardiology are significantly less likely to be full professors
The first study to evaluate sex differences in academic ranking among academic cardiologists has found that women were significantly less likely than men to be full professors, even when adjusting for factors such as age, years of experience and research productivity that are traditionally associated with academic rank.
Climate change increases lethal dehydration risk in desert songbirds
As the Earth warms from climate change, the risk of lethal dehydration and mass die-offs of songbirds during heat waves will increase in many areas of the world, according to a study by the University of Nevada, Reno, the University of New Mexico and the University of Massachusetts-Amherst published today in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Scientists make huge dataset of nearby stars available to public
Today, a team that includes MIT and is led by the Carnegie Institution for Science has released the largest collection of observations made with a technique called radial velocity, to be used for hunting exoplanets.
New protein discovery may lead to new, natural antibiotics
Scientists have discovered a new protein that likely will advance the search for new natural antibiotics, according to a study by Texas A&M AgriLife Research.
Sulfide-sensing mechanisms in purple bacteria
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology uncover a sulfide-responsive protein that helps control photosynthesis in the purple bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus.
Meeting will highlight global leadership in education, aging
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE) -- the educational branch of The Gerontological Society of America -- will hold its 43rd Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference, taking place from March 9 to 12 at the Miami Marriott Dadeland in Miami, Florida.
School vouchers bring more money to Catholic schools -- but at a cost, study finds
The study found that voucher expansion caused significant declines in church donations and church spending on non-educational religious activities.
Now you can 'build your own' bio-bot
For the past several years, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been developing a class of walking 'bio-bots' powered by muscle cells and controlled with electrical and optical pulses.
New RNAi treatment targets eye inflammation
Scientists have developed a new RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic agent that safely blocked ocular inflammation in mice, potentially making it a new treatment for human uveitis and diabetic retinopathy.
Heavy snowfall, longer duration, associated with higher risk of heart attack
People living in areas with winter snow may need to think twice before shoveling after a heavy snowstorm.
Climate change impacts on endangered wildlife massively under reported
A team of scientists reporting in the journal Nature Climate Change say that negative impacts of climate change on threatened and endangered wildlife have been massively underreported.
Home use of hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery system shown safe and effective
A pivotal registration trial to evaluate in-home use of the Medtronic MiniMed® 670G hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery system over 3 months showed a significant reduction in HbA1c levels for both adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes.
Viral charity campaigns have a psychological 'recipe' and all-too-brief lifespan
New work focusing on the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge reveals very brief shelf life of such viral campaigns, and suggests the nature of 'virality' and social tipping points themselves may be a stumbling block to deeper engagement with social issues that campaigns aim to promote.
Disease 'superspreaders' were driving cause of 2014 Ebola epidemic
A new study about the overwhelming importance of 'superspreaders' in some infectious disease epidemics has shown that in the catastrophic 2014-15 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, about 3 percent of the people infected were ultimately responsible for infecting 61 percent of all cases.
Researchers identify 'Achilles' heel' of key anti-cancer protein
Researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York have discovered that a protein called Importin-11 protects the anti-cancer protein PTEN from destruction by transporting it into the cell nucleus.
Success by deception
Theoretical physicists from ETH Zurich deliberately misled intelligent machines, and thus refined the process of machine learning.
Team makes planet hunting a group effort, finds more than 100 candidates
An international team of astronomers released the largest-ever compilation of exoplanet-detecting observations made using a technique called the radial velocity method.
The ultimate green technology
Imagine patterning and visualizing silicon at the atomic level, something which, if done successfully, will revolutionize the quantum and classical computing industry.
Taking a high-priced cancer drug with a low-fat meal can cut cost by 75 percent
Taking one-fourth the standard dose of a widely used drug for prostate cancer with a low-fat breakfast can be as effective -- and four times less expensive -- as taking the standard dose as recommended: on an empty stomach.
Blood test provides clues to bladder cancer patients' prognoses
New research indicates that about one-quarter of patients with bladder cancer treated with radical surgery on curative intent have detectable levels of tumour cells circulating in their blood.
Dietary supplement could improve heart health
Dietary intervention could benefit heart health in those with muscular dystrophy.
Seismicity in British Columbia and hidden continent called Zealandia
The science and information magazine of The Geological Society of America, GSA Today, now posts science and Groundwork articles ahead of print as well as publishing double issues where possible.
Researchers identify 'Achilles' heel' of PTEN that helps drive prostate cancer progression
Researchers at CSHL have discovered the protein Importin-11 protects the tumor-suppressor protein PTEN from destruction by transporting it into the cell nucleus. their new study suggests loss of Importin-11 may destabilize PTEN, leading to development of lung, prostate, and other cancers.
Use of multiple brain-affecting drugs is rising among seniors, despite risks, study finds
The number of older Americans who take three or more medicines that affect their brains has more than doubled in just a decade, a new study finds.
New software will standardize data collection for great white sharks
The lack of a standardized procedure for collecting data about elusive and hard to find species like the great white shark has to date seriously hampered efforts to manage and protect these animals.
Mayo Clinic, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia collaborate on congenital heart defect
Mayo Clinic's Todd and Karen Wanek Family Program for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia are collaborating to delay and prevent heart failure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, a rare and complex form of congenital heart disease in which the left side of a child's heart is severely underdeveloped.
American College of Physicians issues guideline for treating nonradicular low back pain
The American College of Physicians recommends in an evidence-based clinical practice guideline published today in Annals of Internal Medicine that physicians and patients should treat acute or subacute low back pain with non-drug therapies such as superficial heat, massage, acupuncture, or spinal manipulation.
Finding our way around DNA
A Salk team developed a tool that maps functional areas of the genome to better understand disease.
New 'blood biopsies' with experimental device may improve cancer diagnosis and follow-up
A team of investigators from Cedars-Sinai and UCLA is using a new blood-analysis technique and tiny experimental device to help physicians predict which cancers are likely to spread by identifying and characterizing tumor cells circulating through the blood.
Neurons support cancer growth throughout the body
Cancer cells rely on the healthy cells that surround them for sustenance.
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education honors new fellows, awardees
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE) -- the educational branch of The Gerontological Society of America -- is proud to announce its newest fellows and awardees.
Luminescence switchable carbon nanodots follow intracellular trafficking and drug delivery
Tiny carbon dots have, for the first time, been applied to intracellular imaging and tracking of drug delivery involving various optical and vibrational spectroscopic-based techniques such as fluorescence, Raman, and hyperspectral imaging.
Extreme temperatures threaten desert songbirds with death by dehydration
According to NASA, 2016 was the hottest year on historical record.
Next-gen dark matter detector in a race to finish line
The race is on to build the most sensitive US-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles.
Study reveals surprising link between athletics and addiction
While investigating the idealized benefits between sport and addiction, Laurie de Grace, University of Alberta master's graduate, found that the prevalence of substance abuse in some sports communities, in fact, creates a greater risk of addictions for people already vulnerable to them.
Gluten-free diet may increase risk of arsenic, mercury exposure
People who eat a gluten-free diet may be at risk for increased exposure to arsenic and mercury -- toxic metals that can lead to cardiovascular disease, cancer and neurological effects, according to a report in the journal Epidemiology.
ACP issues new guidelines for treating low back pain; video available
The American College of Physicians recommends that physicians avoid prescribing drugs, especially narcotics, for patients with acute or subacute low back pain.
Worm gene could be key to developing obesity treatment
Monash University and Danish researchers have discovered a gene in worms that could help break the cycle of overeating and under-exercising that can lead to obesity.
Plant-made hemophilia therapy shows promise, Penn study finds
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine and University of Florida have developed a therapy to prevent a significant complication of hemophilia treatment.
NASA watching remnants of ex-Tropical Cyclone Carlos
Tropical Cyclone Carlos became sub-tropical and weakened to a remnant low pressure area over the weekend of Feb.
How many calories in that tweet?
A team of scientists have invented an instrument for measuring calories in social media.
New research shows that proteins are 'virtually' knotted
Many of the processes essential to life involve proteins -- long molecules which 'fold' into three-dimensional shapes allowing them to perform their biological role.
Depression linked to e-cigarette use among college students
The emergence of e-cigarettes as a nicotine product has left scientists with many questions about their impact on health, including how the product interacts with depression.
Preventing hospital-related deaths due to medical errors -- 'We can and must do better'
How many patients die in the hospital as a result of preventable medical errors?
New mechanical metamaterials can block symmetry of motion, findings suggest
Engineers and scientists at The University of Texas at Austin and the AMOLF institute in the Netherlands have invented the first mechanical metamaterials that easily transfer motion effortlessly in one direction while blocking it in the other.
Career military women who served in Vietnam: Happier and in better health than all women
A study of American women deployed to Vietnam for military or civilian service shows that 48 percent of career military women were very happy compared to 38 percent of women in the general population, and of better than average physical and mental health.
Avoiding medications that promote weight gain when managing obesity
While diet, exercise and behavior modification are essential components of obesity management, a successful long-term weight loss strategy should also include avoiding or minimizing medication-related weight gain, according to a new report from Weill Cornell Medicine.
Scientists predicted new high-energy compounds
Using theoretical methods, an international group of scientists led by Artem R.
Cellular quality control process could be Huntington's disease drug target
The loss of motor function and mental acuity associated with Huntington's disease might be treatable by restoring a cellular quality control process, which Duke Health researchers have identified as a key factor in the degenerative illness.
Resettlement of internally displaced persons is affected by multiple factors
Processes of resettling internally displaced persons are affected by a range of different factors that policymakers need to take into account.
A new platform to study graphene's electronic properties
IBS scientists model the electronic structure of graphene.
How evolution alters biological invasions
Biological invasions pose major threats to biodiversity, but little is known about how evolution might alter their impacts over time.
Epstein-Barr virus and cancer: New tricks from an old dog
Approximately 98 percent of all adults are infected with the Epstein-Barr virus.
Pioneering partnership model in the McMaster innovation ecosystem
McMaster University's innovative experimental co-location between an academic research center and a rapidly growing startup company has begun to yield successes.
How to be a successful pest: Lessons from the green peach aphid
UK Scientists, in collaboration with groups in Europe and the US, have discovered why the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) is one of the most destructive pests to many of our most important crops.
Mutant maize offers key to understanding plant growth
New findings by a University of California, Riverside-led team of researchers, lend support to the second idea, that the orientation of cell division is critical for overall plant growth.
Marine bacteria produce an environmentally important molecule with links to climate
Scientists from the University of East Anglia and Ocean University China have discovered that tiny marine bacteria can synthesize one of the Earth's most abundant sulfur molecules, which affects atmospheric chemistry and potentially climate.
In-depth gene search reveals new mutations, drug targets in rare adrenal tumors
Casting one of the largest genomic nets to date for the rare tumors of the autonomic nervous system known as pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PCC/PGL) captured several new mutations driving the disease that could serve as potential drug targets, researchers from Penn Medicine and other institutions reported this week in Cancer Cell.
Poorly tuned neuronal communication may underlie neurological and psychiatric disease
In this issue of the JCI, Nils Brose and colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine have identified a mutation in a synaptic protein called UNC13 in a patient diagnosed with ASD, hyperactivity, and dyskinesia.
New method to detect ultrasound with light
A tiny, transparent device that fits into a contact lens can determine the speed of blood flow and oxygen metabolic rate at the back of the eye, helping to diagnose diseases such as macular degeneration.
Altmetric data analysis reveals how Parkinson's disease research affects the world
ÜberResearch and Altmetric, leading data and analytics companies serving scientific funders and research organizations, have published an analysis of Parkinson's disease research papers with the highest Altmetric Attention Scores in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease.
Microbiomes more in flux in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to see dramatic shifts in the make-up of the community of microbes in their gut than healthy people, according to the results of a study published in Nature Microbiology.
New findings reveal health, aging experiences of LGBT older adults across nation
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers from the University of Washington's School of Social Work have released new findings this month on the health and aging of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender older adults in the US.
NASA's TDRS-M space communications satellite begins final testing
NASA's TDRS-M satellite, which will replenish and expand the current TDRS fleet, begins final testing before launch, scheduled for Aug.
Women's educational attainment and origin are risk factors in abortions
A study by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country analyses the differences between immigrant women and native women in voluntary pregnancy termination rates between 2009 and 2013.
Study finds glucose supplementation significantly reduces length of induced labor
A study in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology finds that simple glucose supplementation reduces length of induced labor.
Measuring entropy: Scanning-tunneling microscope gives glimpse of the mysterious property
New research shows that the scanning-tunneling microscope (STM), which is used to study changes in the shape of a single molecule at the atomic scale, impacts the ability of that molecule to make these changes.
Chemical engineers boost bacteria's productivity
MIT chemical engineers have designed a novel genetic switch that allows them to dramatically boost bacteria cells' production of useful chemicals by shutting competing metabolic pathways in the cells.
Researchers develop first reliable technique to track web users across browsers
A team of researchers led by Yinzhi Cao, assistant professor computer science and engineering at Lehigh University has developed the first cross-browser fingerprinting technique to use machine-level features to identify users.
New record achieved in terahertz pulse generation
A group of scientists from TU Wien and ETH Zurich have succeeded in their attempts to generate ultrashort terahertz light pulses.
Penn vet study shows how solid tumors resist immunotherapy
Immunotherapies have revolutionized cancer treatment, offering hope to those whose malignancies have stubbornly survived other existing treatments.
Banned chemicals from the '70s found in the deepest reaches of the ocean
Crustaceans from the deepest ocean trenches found to contain ten times the level of industrial pollution than the average earthworm, scientists have shown.
Using high-resolution satellites to measure African farm yields  
By using high-res images taken by the latest generation of compact satellites, Stanford scientists have developed a new capability for estimating crop yields from space.
X-ray pulses reveal structure of viral cocoon
An international team of scientists has used high-intensity X-ray pulses to determine the structure of the crystalline protein envelope of an insect virus.
Dating on the fly -- female flies are attractive to mates on sunny days
Female green bottle flies attract potential mates by flashing sunlight at particular frequencies from their wings, according to research published in the open access journal, BMC Biology.
Strong alcohol policies protect against drunk driving deaths among young people
Stronger alcohol policies protect young people from dying in crashes caused by drunk driving according to researchers at Boston Medical Center.
NTU, JTC and SMRT to develop integrated transport solutions with joint research lab
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore), JTC and SMRT Services Pte Ltd (SMRT) have joined forces to develop innovative solutions that seamlessly integrate multiple modes of transportation, for better connectivity and accessibility.
Will androids dream of quantum sheep?
Quantum replicants of responsive systems can be more efficient than classical models, say researchers from the Centre for Quantum Technologies in Singapore, because classical models have to store more past information than is necessary to simulate the future.
GSI Scientists Participate in Top 10 Discovery
Scientists from GSI are participants in one of the ten most important discoveries of 2016.
For decision-makers who want the best, focus on the strategy
People make decisions every day, some trivial, like what to eat for lunch, while others are more significant -- career, marriage, buying a home.
Making single-cell RNA sequencing widely available
MIT researchers have developed a portable technology that can rapidly prepare the RNA of many cells simultaneously for sequencing.
New study compares bone-inducing properties of 3-D-printed mineralized scaffolds
A new study of bone formation from stem cells seeded on 3-D-printed bioactive scaffolds combined with different mineral additives showed that some of the scaffold mineral composites induced bone-forming activity better than others.
Russian scientists created a new technology for varicose treatment
Researchers of the Center for Advanced Studies of Peter the Great St.
Two PNNL researchers elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists to become members of the prestigious National Academy of Engineering.
How eating less can slow the aging process
New research shows why calorie restriction made mice live longer and healthier lives.
Insurance status impacts complication rates after shoulder replacement surgery
Patients undergoing shoulder replacement surgery who have Medicaid, Medicare or no health insurance, had higher complication rates as compared to patients who had private insurance.
Organo-metal compound seen killing cancer cells from inside
Researchers have witnessed -- for the first time -- cancer cells being targeted and destroyed from the inside, by an organo-metal compound discovered by the University of Warwick.
Gene discovery sheds light on growth defects linked to dwarfism
A new study shows how errors in a specific gene can cause growth defects associated with a rare type of dwarfism.
American Association for Cancer Research to hold its Annual Meeting in Washington, April 1-5, 2017
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) will be hosting its Annual Meeting, April 1-5, at the Walter E.
New study helps explain how garbage patches form in the world's oceans
A new study on how ocean currents transport floating marine debris is helping to explain how garbage patches form in the world's oceans.
Simple rule explains complex group swimming patterns
Novel approach to studying coordinated swimming in fish reveals a surprisingly simple rule.
Chip could make voice control ubiquitous in electronics
In anticipation of the age of voice-controlled electronics, MIT researchers have built a low-power chip specialized for automatic speech recognition.
UBC scientists create mouse that resists cocaine's lure
Scientists at the University of British Columbia have genetically engineered a mouse that resists addiction to cocaine.
Queen's wedding cake resurrected with scanning tech
Cutting-edge technology has brought Queen Elizabeth II's wedding cake back to life -- thanks to research by WMG at the University of Warwick.
Breaking sonic boundaries: DARE Art Prize winner announced
A composer working with sounds below the limits of human hearing has been announced as the winner of the inaugural £15,000 DARE Art Prize by Opera North and the University of Leeds' Cultural Institute.
A kiss of death -- mammals were the first animals to produce venom
The fossil of the Euchambersia therapsid (a pre-mammalian reptile), that lived in South Africa about 260 million years ago, is the first evidence of the oldest mammal to produce venom.
Impact of climate change on mammals and birds 'greatly underestimated'
An international study published today involving University of Queensland research has found large numbers of threatened species have already been impacted by climate change.
UH chemist honored for research, STEM education
UH chemist Ding-Shyue (Jerry) Yang has been awarded a CAREER grant from the National Science Foundation in recognition of his work involving the movement of energy and charge across the interface of different materials.
Scientists devise novel way to predict efficacy of malaria vaccines
Emory Vaccine Center researchers have identified gene expression signatures in the blood of RTS,S-vaccinated volunteers, which predict the likelihood of infection after exposure to parasite-carrying mosquitoes.
UT Institute of Agriculture scientists win for Outstanding Paper Award
The Weed Science Society of America awarded the title of Outstanding Paper in Weed Technology to researchers from the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture.
NASA catches formation of Tropical Cyclone Dineo
The fifth tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season formed today, Feb.
Are drones disturbing marine mammals?
Marine researchers have made sure that their research drones aren't disturbing their research subjects, shows a report in Frontiers in Marine Science.
Looking at Sardinian DNA for genetic clues to an island's -- and Europe's -- past
In a new study, an international team led by geneticist Anna Olivieri from the University of Pavia tackles a highly interesting question: what were the origins of the Sardinian population in the context of European prehistory and ancient human migrations?
Potential new treatment combats COPD and other lung diseases
New research published online in The FASEB Journal reveals a potential drug to combat the life-threatening effects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Examining different accountable care organization payment models
Two new studies published online by JAMA Internal Medicine take a look at different accountable care organization (ACO) payment models.
Diabetes in your DNA? Scientists zero in on the genetic signature of risk
Many genetic mutations have been linked to type 2 diabetes, but no clear genetic signature has emerged.
Accelerated chlorophyll reaction in microdroplets to reveal secret of photosynthesis
The research team of DGIST's fellow Hong-Gil Nam, discovered the natural control of chlorophyll activity.
Low birth weight babies at higher risk for mental health problems later in life
Babies born with extremely low birth weight are not only at risk for physical problems but are also more likely to experience mental health problems later in life, according to an analysis of research conducted over nearly 30 years.
Ovarian hormones awaken newly discovered breast stem cells
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have used advanced cellular, bioinformatics and imaging technology to reveal a long-lived type of stem cell in the breast that is responsible for the growth of the mammary glands during pregnancy.
Booth and panel discussion - The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting
The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings will participate in the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) 2017 Annual Meeting, which takes place from 16 - 20 February in Boston, MA.
Drug developed at University of Minnesota increases survival in dogs with cancer
A breakthrough trial at the University of Minnesota testing a new UMN-developed drug resulted in improved survival rates for dogs diagnosed with a cancer called hemangiosarcoma (HSA).
Perimeter Institute researchers apply machine learning to condensed matter physics
New research in Nature Physics demonstrates that machine learning algorithms might play an important role in identifying different phases of condensed matter.
TSRI researchers discover how the brain turns chronic stress into pathological anxiety
In a new study, researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have described how two important molecules in the brain work together to trigger intense anxiety.
Study finds that people are attracted to outward signs of health, not actual health
Findings published in the journal Behavioral Ecology reveal that skin with yellow and red pigments is perceived as more attractive in Caucasian males, but this skin coloring does not necessarily signal actual good health.
Manchester researchers enter the 'Wild West' of chemistry to reveal a surprise finding
Researchers at The University of Manchester have entered the 'Wild West' of the periodic table to finally solve a decades-old scientific challenge -- and have revealed that an important but niche chemical bonding principle may be much more widely applicable than previously thought.
The damage of discrimination
Based on data collected from a French grocery store chain, a new Harvard study has found that when minority workers were far less efficient in a handful of important metrics when working with biased managers.
Unpredictable disasters require new thinking
When the unthinkable happens and the unpredictable takes over, crises cannot be handled by the book.
Gene that helps form trauma-related memories may also help prevent PTSD
A specific gene that helps form memories from traumatic events can be manipulated - and in doing so may actually help prevent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a new study led NYU Langone Medical Center.
Brian Luke awarded a Heisenberg Professorship
Brian Luke, a Group Leader at the Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB) in Mainz, has been awarded a prestigious Heisenberg Professorship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation).
Living standards lag behind economic growth
Even as average incomes rise in developing countries, access to sanitation and clean energy have yet to reach the poorest people, a new study shows.
Inducing an identity crisis in liver cells may help diabetics
It is now possible to reprogram cells from the liver into the precursor cells that give rise to the pancreas by altering the activity of a single gene.
Possible key to regeneration found in planaria's origins
A new report from the Stowers Institute for Medical Research chronicles the embryonic origins of planaria, providing new insight into the animal's remarkable regenerative abilities.
Understanding enzymes
A new tool can help researchers more accurately identify enzymes present in microbiomes and quantify their relative abundances.
Superconductivity with two-fold symmetry -- new evidence for topological superconductor SrxBi2Se3
Topological superconductivity is the quantum condensate of paired electrons with an odd parity of the pairing function.
Researchers discover a new link to fight billion-dollar threat to soybean production
Invisible to the naked eye, cyst nematodes are a major threat to agriculture, causing billions of dollars in global crop losses every year.
Married people have lower levels of stress hormone
Studies have suggested that married people are healthier than those who are single, divorced or widowed.
Simulated ransomware attack shows vulnerability of industrial controls
Cybersecurity researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new form of ransomware that can take over control of a simulated water treatment plant.
New discovery could be a major advance for neurological diseases
The discovery of a new mechanism that controls the way nerve cells in the brain communicate with each other to regulate our learning and long-term memory could have major benefits to understanding how the brain works and what goes wrong in neurodegenerative disorders such as epilepsy and dementia.
What are the financial barriers to adherence to treatment in neurology?
Though there is a growing armamentarium of medical therapies to treat neurological disease, patient adherence to taking the medication is critical to their effectiveness.
UTSA study describes drug that could prevent infertility in cancer patients
A new study led by Brian Hermann, assistant professor of biology at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), shows promising evidence that a medication previously used to prevent infections in cancer patients can also keep them from becoming infertile.
Researchers engineer 'thubber,' a stretchable rubber that packs a thermal conductive punch
Carmel Majidi and Jonathan Malen of Carnegie Mellon University have developed a thermally conductive rubber material that represents a breakthrough for creating soft, stretchable machines and electronics.
New peptide hormone aids waterproof barrier formation in plant roots
Nagoya researchers identified peptides in plant roots that bind known receptors and help control formation and maintenance of a waterproof barrier ensuring ion homeostasis.

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