Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 16, 2017
LemurFaceID: Using facial recognition software to identify lemurs
A team of lemur biologists and computer scientists has modified human facial recognition methods to develop a semi-automated system that can identify individual lemurs.

Honey bee genetics sheds light on bee origins
Where do honey bees come from? A new study from researchers at UC Davis and UC Berkeley clears some of the fog around honey bee origins.

Where are the whales off the West Coast?
A free webinar for the shipping industry, fishing community and others interested in a new system that reveals where ships are most likely to encounter high densities of blue whales off the West Coast.

Underwater seagrass beds dial back polluted seawater
Seagrass meadows -- bountiful underwater gardens that nestle close to shore and are the most common coastal ecosystem on Earth -- can reduce bacterial exposure for corals, other sea creatures and humans, according to new research published in Science Feb.

2017 American Samoa deep-sea expedition to reveal wonders of unexplored ecosystem
Herrera joins a team aboard the Okeanos Explorer -- built and operated by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) -- as the Biology Science Lead for the 2017 American Samoa Expedition.

Cells divide by 'bricklaying on moving scaffolding'
Researchers have succeeded in finding out how bacteria cut themselves into two daughter cells.

Press registration for the 2017 American Chemical Society spring national meeting
Journalists registering for the American Chemical Society's 253rd National Meeting & Exposition this spring will have a wealth of new scientific information available for their news stories.

New treatment guidelines help expand circle of care for women living with heart failure
Today, WomenHeart: The National Coalition for Women with Heart Disease, encouraged widespread dissemination of recently-updated guidelines that include new treatment options for millions living with heart failure.

Algorithm can create a bridge between Clinton and Trump supporters
The article that received the best student-paper award in the Tenth International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining (WSDM 2017) builds algorithmic techniques to mitigate the rising polarization by connecting people with opposing views -- and evaluates them on Twitter.

Less snow and a shorter ski season in the Alps
After long-awaited snowfall in January, parts of the Alps are now covered with fresh powder and happy skiers.

Being a tattoo artist is a pain in the neck, study finds
Getting a tattoo may hurt, but giving one is no picnic, either.

New test may quickly identify mild traumatic brain injury with underlying brain damage
A new test using peripheral vision reaction time could lead to earlier diagnosis and more effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury, often referred to as a concussion.

A simple test allows to identify children prone to suffer cardiovascular diseases
An international study coordinated by the University of Granada (UGR) has shown that the level of aerobic capacity of children and adolescents (which can be assessed with a simple physical test called 'shuttle run test') is an excellent tool for identifying those who have an increased risk of suffering from a cardiovascular disease or myocardial infarction in the future.

Can't we all just get along -- like India's cats and dogs?
A new WCS study in India shows that three carnivores -- tigers, leopards, and dholes (Asian wild dog) -- seemingly in direct competition with one other, are living side by side with surprisingly little conflict.

Antibiotic effective against drug-resistant bacteria in pediatric skin infections
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterial scourge that is resistant to most common antibiotics and thus difficult to treat, particularly in children where it commonly causes complicated skin and skin structure infections.

Looking beyond cancer cells to understand what makes breast cancer spread
A new study from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center identifies a protein in that microenvironment that promotes the spread of breast cancer cells.

Encouraging signs for potential new antibiotic
A study published online today (Feb. 17, 2017) in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, reveals strong evidence that the first in a new class of antibiotic is as effective as an established antimicrobial agent in the fight against infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria.

Smokers' memories could help them quit
Rather than inciting fear, anti-smoking campaigns should tap into smokers' memories and tug at their heartstrings, finds a new study by Michigan State University researchers.

Study links outdoor air pollution with millions of preterm births
Scientists have published a major study which links outdoor air pollution with 2.7 million preterm births per year.

Study examines life history of imperiled rattlesnake
Researchers examine the life history of the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake, revealing important local climate impacts on the snake that should be carefully weighed when developing conservation strategies.

Breakthrough in 'wonder' materials paves way for flexible tech
Gadgets are set to become flexible, highly efficient and much smaller, following a breakthrough in measuring two-dimensional 'wonder' materials by the University of Warwick.

Placebo and valium are equally effective for acute lower back pain in the ER
Emergency patients treated with naproxen and placebo had outcomes as good as or better than patients treated with naproxen and diazepam (trade name Valium) for acute lower back pain, according to the results of a double-blind, randomized clinical trial published last week in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Diazepam Is No Better Than Placebo When Added to Naproxen for Acute Low Back Pain').

DRI unmanned cloud-seeding realizes beyond visual line of sight
Nevada's unmanned cloud-seeding research team has realized another fundamental capability in their effort toward enhancing snowfall in mountainous regions of the West.

NASA gets a night-time view ex-Tropical Cyclone Dineo
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite got a night-time view of former Tropical Cyclone Dineo over the southeastern coast of Mozambique.

A single mutation may impact infectivity of West Nile and similar viruses
A mutation that impacts changes in the shape of an essential viral protein may influence the infectivity of West Nile and other viruses in the flavivirus family, according to a new study in PLOS Pathogens.

Method developed by biomedical scientists could help in treatment of several diseases
Nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) is a processing pathway in cells that, like a broom, cleans up erroneous RNA.

Snap beans hard to grow in cover crop residue
More no-till farmers are using cover crops to conserve soil and suppress weeds, but many vegetable producers are reluctant to get on board.

Zero tolerance policies unfairly punish black girls
Black girls are disproportionately punished in American schools -- an 'overlooked crisis' that is populating the school-to-prison pipeline at rising rates, two education scholars argue in a new paper.

Ceres hosts organic compounds, and they formed on the asteroid, not beyond
Aliphatic organic compounds -- carbon-based building blocks that may have a role in the chemistry that creates life -- have been detected for the first time on Ceres, an asteroid and dwarf planet, a new study reveals.

How whale nerves survive huge stretching during feeding
When rorqual whales eat, they open their mouths and lunge.

Using an air conditioner in summer may affect sleep quality
Toyohashi University of Technology, in collaboration with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology and Asahi Kasei Homes, conducted research on the influence of airflow from the air conditioner on sleep.

Research at MDI Biological Laboratory sheds light on mechanisms underlying aging
Scientists have known for decades that drastically restricting certain nutrients without causing malnutrition prolongs health and lifespan in a wide range of species, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect have remained a mystery.

Molecular patterns of complex diseases
The Helmholtz Zentrum München has published results of the largest genome-wide association study on proteomics to date.

Moths' sweet way of compensating for lack of antioxidants
Animals that feed almost solely on nectar, which doesn't produce protective antioxidants, are still able to avoid experiencing oxidative damage to their muscles through a clever adaption that involves converting carbohydrates into antioxidants, a new study reveals.

A case where smoking helped
A mutation in the hemoglobin of a young woman in Germany was found to cause her mild anemia.

Site of care may partly explain survival difference between kids and AYAs with leukemia
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were not treated at specialized cancer centers had significantly worse five-year survival compared with children with these cancers who were treated at specialized cancer centers, whereas AYAs treated at specialized cancer centers had outcomes comparable to children treated at specialized cancer centers.

Mothers and infants connect through song
Research from UM Frost School of Music provides insight into the importance of song for infants and mothers.

Cancer researchers to convene for Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium in March
The 2017 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium, co-sponsored by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), will feature advances in surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and novel molecular biologic therapies for thoracic malignancies such as lung cancer.

New studies unravel mysteries of how PARP enzymes work
A component of an enzyme family linked to DNA repair, stress responses, and cancer also plays a role in enhancing or inhibiting major cellular activities under physiological conditions, new research shows.

International students' concept of 'home' shapes post-graduation plans
How international university students think about home significantly influences their migration plans upon graduation, according to a new study from the University of British Columbia.

Linguist's 'big data' research supports waves of migration into the Americas
Linguistic anthropologists are applying the latest technology to an ancient mystery: how and when early humans inhabited the New World.

Stepping up the hunt for genetic diseases
The child's own genome thus consists of a maternal and a paternal genome.

Inaugural SUNY-CUNY Neuroscience Research Forum to take place at the University at Albany
Leading neuroscience researchers and scholars from across New York will gather for the inaugural SUNY-CUNY Neuroscience Research Forum on Thursday, Feb.

Scientists create novel model that shows progression from normal blood cells to leukemia
Mount Sinai researchers have created a novel model that shows the step-by-step progression from normal blood cells to leukemia and its precursor diseases, creating replicas of the stages of the disease to test the efficacy of therapeutic interventions at each stage, according to a study to be published in Cell Stem Cell.

University of Illinois institute leads efforts at session on energy and agricultural issues
The Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology (IGB) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is taking a leadership role in the upcoming session 'Innovative Convergence Approaches to Solving Energy and Agricultural Issues' at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting.

Experts warn of the need to control doping also in amateur athletes
A study led by the University of Granada (UGR) has shown that doping is not only a problem exclusive to professional sports, but also occurs in amateur sports.

By the numbers: What are the most attractive female lips?
What dimensions might create the most attractive lips in women?

Printable solar cells just got a little closer
A University of Toronto Engineering innovation could make printing solar cells as easy and inexpensive as printing a newspaper.

Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy announces 2 new cancer grant recipients for 2017
Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy Awards Young Investigator Grants to Marco Gallo, Ph.D., of the University of Calgary, and Greg Delgoffe, Ph.D., of the University of Pittsburgh.

Bringing satellites to users can improve public health and safety
The drumbeat calling scientists to share their work with the public is as loud as ever, and Tracey Holloway is happy to answer.

How cancers trick the immune system into helping rather than harming them
Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have identified a molecule that sends a 'wound-healing' message from tumour cells.

Pancreatic islet cells in animals can 'flip' their fate to produce insulin
Alpha cells in the pancreas can be induced in living mice to quickly and efficiently become insulin-producing beta cells when the expression of just two genes is blocked, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Can breastfeeding reduce a woman's risk of metabolic syndrome?
A new study shows that women who spend a longer time breastfeeding during their lifetimes may be able to lower their risk of metabolic syndrome and related disorders included elevated blood pressure, glucose, and triglyceride levels.

Report: Clinicians should routinely counsel patients on physical activity
A new study concludes that physical activity should be routinely assessed during every doctor-patient visit.

Method to predict surface ozone pollution levels provides 48-hour heads-up
A novel air quality model will help air quality forecasters predict surface ozone levels up to 48-hours in advance and with fewer resources, according to a team of meteorologists.

First Israeli nanosatellite for academic research developed by Ben-Gurion U. is launched
BGUSAT is outfitted with visual and short wavelength infrared cameras.

LA BioMed improving community health lecture series: Chronic disease reversal starts March 8
The public is invited a series of free lectures, beginning at 6 p.m. on March 8, on Chronic Disease Reversal at LA BioMed, 1124 West Carson St., Torrance, CA 90502.

The ethics of gene editing: Should concerns beyond safety matter in science policy?
Come to The Hastings Center's session on gene editing at the AAAS annual meeting on Friday, Feb.

How much biomass grows in the savannah?
The ability of the savannahs to store the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide is ultimately determined by the amount of aboveground woody biomass.

LA BioMed's 4th Annual Innovation Showcase
The Innovation Showcase will be attended by over 300 entrepreneurs, investors, executives from biotech and pharma medical devices companies, legal experts, service providers, prominent scientists, and technology transfer personnel from premier academic institutions.

Preferential trade agreements enhance global trade at the expense of its resilience
The global commodity trade is a complex system where its network structure, which may arise from bilateral and multilateral agreements, affects its growth and resilience.

Four-stroke engine cycle produces hydrogen from methane and captures CO2
When is an internal combustion engine not an internal combustion engine?

Online-only pharmacies that don't require prescriptions could fuel antibiotic resistance
Scientists have found that antibiotics are illegally available without prescription on 45 percent of online pharmacy websites surveyed, in a study out today.

Glowing mice suggest new gene therapy technique
A collaboration between chemists and gene therapy experts produced a new way of inserting the code for modified proteins into the cells of mice.

GARP2 accelerates retinal degeneration in a mouse model
Researchers show that GARP2 accelerates retinal degeneration in mice, and have made an important step toward creating a standardized nomenclature between mice and humans for a measurement of retinal degeneration.

Prebiotic evolution: Hairpins help each other out
The evolution of cells and organisms is thought to have been preceded by a phase in which informational molecules like DNA could be replicated selectively.

Immune cell serves as an essential communications link for migrating cells
Scientists at the University of Washington have discovered that macrophages, a common type of cell in the vertebrate immune system, can transmit messages between non-immune cells.

Physical basis of tissue coordination uncovered
The little striped zebrafish starts out as single big cell sitting on top of the yolk.

Consuming saturated animal fats increases the risk of type 2 diabetes
The consumption of butter, which is rich in saturated fatty acids and trans fats, has been related to a high risk of suffering from this disease.

Foot-and-mouth crises to be averted with vaccination strategy
Future outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) can be controlled effectively and quickly with vaccinations -- saving millions of pounds and hundreds of thousands of livestock -- according to research by the University of Warwick.

Bladder Cancer Funding Analyzer launched on bladder cancer website
Bladder Cancer (BLC) is proud to announce the launch of the Bladder Cancer Funding Analyzer (BCFA) on the BLC website.

Turning the corner on the HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Zambia
Newly released findings from national HIV surveys in Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Zambia reveal extraordinary progress in confronting the HIV epidemic.

Food additive found in candy, gum could alter digestive cell structure and function
The ability of small intestine cells to absorb nutrients and act as a barrier to pathogens is 'significantly decreased' after chronic exposure to nanoparticles of titanium dioxide, a common food additive found in everything from chewing gum to bread, according to research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

IU research: Rainbow dyes add greater precision to fight against 'superbugs'
A study reported Feb. 17 in the journal Science led by researchers at Indiana University and Harvard University is the first to reveal the operation of the biochemical clockwork that drives cellular division in bacteria in extreme detail.

Mosquito netting is effective for hernia repair in a low-income country
In a study conducted in rural Uganda, use of mosquito mesh reduced the cost of groin hernia repair surgery by more than $120 (nearly €120) compared with a commercial mesh, without sacrificing effectiveness

Is your big data messy? We're making an app for that
Vizier, software under development by a University at Buffalo-led research team, aims to proactively catch big data errors.

Targeting the biological clock could slow the progression of cancer
Does the biological clock in cancer cells influence tumour growth?

B vitamins reduce schizophrenia symptoms, study finds
A review of worldwide studies has found that add-on treatment with high-dose B vitamins -- including B6, B8 and B12 -- can significantly reduce symptoms of schizophrenia more than standard treatments alone.

Genome surgery with CRISPR-Cas9 to prevent blindness
IBS study proves that CRISPR-Cas9 can be delivered directly into the eye of living animals to treat age-related macular degeneration efficiently and safely.

Speakers announced for 2017 Experimental Biology meeting
World-renowned scientists will present pioneering research and discuss key issues affecting the life sciences at the 2017 Experimental Biology meeting (EB 2017), the premier annual meeting of six scientific societies in Chicago to be held April 22-26.

Investigating the impact of 'legacy sediments' on water quality
University of Delaware researcher Shreeram Inamdar has been awarded a $499,500 grant from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to determine if stream-bank legacy sediments are significant sources of nutrients to surface waters and how they may influence microbial processes and nutrient cycling in aquatic ecosystems.

Children's National Health System, in partnership with GW, receives second CTSA
The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences at the National Institutes of Health has awarded Children's National Health System, in partnership with The George Washington University, another prestigious Clinical and Translational Science Award.

Complex neurological infections require team care
A multidisciplinary approach is important for diagnosis and treatment of healthcare-associated ventriculitis and meningitis, suggest guidelines published by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

Mouse study reveals potential drug target for arthritis caused by chikungunya virus
An immune system proteinase called granzyme A appears to promote arthritic inflammation in mice infected with chikungunya virus, scientists report in a new PLOS Pathogens study.

Real-time MRI analysis powered by supercomputers
Researchers from the Texas Advanced Computing Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center and Philips Healthcare have developed a new, automated platform capable of returning in-depth analyses of MRI scans in a matter of minutes, rather than hours or days.

NYU Tandon professors build AI to help autonomous vehicles locate themselves on maps
Over the next decade, self-driving cars could deliver $1 trillion in societal and consumer benefits due to their improved safety.

HIV hijacks common cells to spread infection
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), together with collaborators in Europe, discovered that a common type of cell within the human reproductive and intestinal tracts assists HIV in infecting immune cells.

Gene therapy used to treat Fabry disease -- a world first
A team of Canadian physicians and researchers is believed to be the first in the world to have used gene therapy to treat a patient with Fabry disease, a rare inherited enzyme deficiency that can damage major organs and shorten lifespan.

Big improvement to brain-computer interface
Researchers have developed an improved type of electrode that is more durable, lasts longer in the body and transmits a clearer, more robust signal than electrodes made from current state-of-the-art materials.

Solving the puzzle of Alzheimer's disease
A new study published by UAlberta researchers in the journal Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Intervention examines if a compound called AC253 can inhibit a 'rogue' protein called amyloid.

Robbed of royalty: Mutilation and social determination of female Diacamma ants
Triggered by mutilation, expression of select genes determines social castes in Diacamma ants.

Do you really get paid less if you're 'ugly'?
Do beautiful people earn more while those who are not so gorgeous are paid less?

Limiting salt consumption lowers blood pressure in patients with kidney disease
Receiving advice on limiting salt consumption helped kidney disease patients lower their systolic blood pressure by an average of 11 mmHg.

Students in Ohio's online charter schools perform worse than peers in traditional schools
Despite dramatic growth in enrollment in online charter schools in Ohio, students are not achieving the same academic success as those in brick-and-mortar charter and public schools, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School and RAND Corporation.

Engage with the world's brightest mathematicians and computer scientists in Heidelberg!
The 5th Heidelberg Laureate Forum (HLF) will take place from Sept.

Modifying fat content in soybean oil with the molecular scissors Cpf1
Successful inactivation of two genes in soybean using CRISPR-Cpf1.

UAB to bring proton therapy for advanced cancer treatment to Birmingham
The University of Alabama at Birmingham will partner with Proton International to bring proton therapy, one of the most technically advanced forms of cancer-killing radiation, to Alabama.

Scientists reveal the treadmilling motion of dividing bacteria
An international team of scientists using the latest imaging techniques have revealed how bacterial division proteins build a partition wall across the cell, one molecule at a time.

When your eyes override your ears: New insights into the McGurk effect
Seeing is not always believing -- visual speech (mouth movements) mismatched with auditory speech (sounds) can result in the perception of an entirely different message.

Adolescents with weak working memory and progressive drug use at risk for later addictions
Drug use in adolescence is often linked to later substance-abuse problems, but a new study suggests that a key risk factor is a combination of weak working memory and difficulties with impulse control.

'Resurrecting' tiny lake-dwelling animals to study evolutionary responses to pollution
A University of Michigan biologist combined the techniques of 'resurrection ecology' with the study of dated lake sediments to examine evolutionary responses to heavy-metal contamination over the past 75 years.

Roads are driving rapid evolutionary change in our environment
Roads are causing rapid evolutionary change in wild populations of plants and animals according to a Concepts and Questions paper published in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Postmenopausal hormone therapy exceeding ten years may protect from dementia
Postmenopausal estrogen-based hormone therapy lasting longer than ten years was associated with a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease in a large study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

An autism 'revolution' in the history of child development
What is autism and how did we come to understand it as a spectrum?

SwRI scientist studies geology of Ceres to understand origin of organics
NASA's Dawn spacecraft recently detected organic-rich areas on Ceres. Scientists evaluated the geology of the regions to conclude that the organics are most likely native to the dwarf planet.

Depression or anxiety may increase risk of surgical wound complications
Patients' mental health may affect their risk of experiencing wound-related complications after surgery, new research indicates.

AAAS Leshner Leadership Institute announces 2017-2018 Cohort of Public Engagement Fellows
AAAS is pleased to announce the selection of the 2017-18 Public Engagement Fellows.

Five women engineering scientists in developing countries win 2017 OWSD-Elsevier Foundation Awards
Five researchers have been named winners of the 2017 Elsevier Foundation Awards for Early-Career Women Scientists in the Developing World for their research in engineering, innovation and technology.

Queen's researchers make breakthrough in fight against superbug
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have discovered why a lethal superbug is so resistant to the last line antibiotic meaning potential treatments could now be developed to fight the killer infection.

UT Southwestern researchers develop potential treatment for fatal kidney disease
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center, working with a California biotech firm, have developed a potential drug to treat polycystic kidney disease -- an incurable genetic disease that often leads to end-stage kidney failure.

The Lancet: Post-deployment screening with tailored advice does not help reduce mental health disorders in UK Armed Forces, study finds
A trial testing a potential post-deployment screening programme for UK Armed Forces personnel, based on a computerised assessment and tailored mental health advice, found it was not effective in reducing symptoms of mental health disorders or encouraging personnel to seek help, compared to the general mental health advice which is the standard of care in the UK military.

Video messages clarify patients' wishes for critical versus end-of-life care
Adding a patient-created video testimonial to a living will or 'POLST' form can help to prevent errors of interpretation regarding the choice between life-sustaining treatment or allowing natural death in critically ill patients, according to a study in the March Journal of Patient Safety.

Spider web of cancer proteins reveals new drug possibilities
Scientists at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University have mapped a vast spider web of interactions between proteins in lung cancer cells, as part of an effort to reach what was considered 'undruggable.' This approach revealed new ways to target cells carrying mutations in cancer-causing genes.

Same behavior outdoors and in the lab
A spherical treadmill allows biologists to investigate how desert ants find their way in a featureless environment

The licensing landscape of CRISPR technologies, and its implications
In this Policy Forum, Jorge L. Contreras and Jacob S.

Can facial recognition systems help save lemurs?
Michigan State University's biometrics team, led by Anil Jain, modified their human facial recognition system to create LemurFaceID, the first computer facial recognition system for lemurs.

WCSJ2017 organizers announce program themes, fellowships, speakers
Organizers of the 10th World Conference of Science Journalists (WCSJ2017) unveiled details of the upcoming event at an information session held today at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Snow science supporting our nation's water supply
Researchers have completed the first flights of a NASA-led field campaign that is targeting one of the biggest gaps in scientists' understanding of Earth's water resources: snow.

When treating brain aneurysms, two isn't always better than one
Is it better to treat aneurysms with two overlapping flow diverters, or one compressed diverter?

Iowa State engineer addresses need for scientists, engineers to engage the public
An Iowa State University engineer says scientists and engineers need to communicate the impacts of their work to the public and need to find ways to advance societal goals such as developing a stronger workforce in technical fields.

Earth science on the Space Station continues to grow
Two new Earth science instruments are scheduled to make their way to the station Feb.

Discovery may help prevent tissue scarring and rejection of transplanted kidneys
During rejection of a transplanted kidney, certain immune cells transform into connective tissue cells, which produce collagen and other fibers.

US icebreaker to visit New Zealand
New Zealand has granted the United States permission for a US Coast Guard icebreaker, the USCGC Polar Star, to visit the port of Lyttelton later this month.

Researchers design facial recognition system as less invasive way to track lemurs in wild
A team of researchers has developed a new computer-assisted recognition system that can identify individual lemurs in the wild by their facial characteristics and ultimately help to build a database for long-term research on lemur species.

Wireless power transmission safely charges devices anywhere within a room
A new method developed by Disney Research for wirelessly transmitting power throughout a room enables users to charge electronic devices as seamlessly as they now connect to WiFi hotspots, eliminating the need for electrical cords or charging cradles.

Whales use nested Russian-doll structure to protect nerve tissue during lunge dives
Fin whales use two neatly packed levels of nested folds to protect the nerves along the floor of their mouth during lunge feeding, according to new research from University of British Columbia zoologists.

U-M ecologist named AAAS public engagement fellow
University of Michigan ecologist Meghan Duffy is one of 15 infectious disease researchers named 2017-18 Public Engagement Fellows today by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Doctors prescribe more antibiotics when expectations are high, study says
Experimental evidence confirms what surveys have long suggested: Physicians are more likely to prescribe antibiotics when they believe there is a high expectation of it from their patients, even if they think the probability of bacterial infection is low and antibiotics would not be effective, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association.

Ötzi the Iceman: Researchers validate the stability of genetic markers
Biomarkers are biological attributes that can give doctors or researchers clues about the health status or illnesses of a patient.

Public health experts celebrate 30 years of CDC's prevention research solutions for communities with health disparities
It has been 30 years since CDC created the Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Program, currently a network of 26 academic institutions across the US dedicated to moving new discoveries into the communities that need them.

Doctors treat deadly cancerous disorders with gene-guided, targeted therapy
Genomic testing of biopsies from patients with deadly, treatment-resistant cancerous blood syndromes called histiocytoses allowed doctors to identify genes fueling the ailments and use targeted molecular drugs to successfully treat them.

Oregon biologists control gut inflammation by altering the abundance of resident bacteria
Numerous human diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes and autism spectrum disorders are linked to abnormal gut microbiomes, but an open question is whether these altered microbiomes are drivers of disease.

Clinical trial for new innovative osteoarthritis drug
The University of Liverpool, in partnership with AKL Research and Development Ltd, is to lead on a clinical trial to test a potential new drug treatment for osteoarthritis.

Researcher works with NASA to study using Martian soil to build human habitats
Research will focus on perfecting molten regolith electrolysis to extract metals and oxygen from Martian soil, and feeding the metals into a 3-D printer to produce parts needed by astronauts.

RIT selected to receive National Science Foundation I-Corps grant
Rochester Institute of Technology is among eight National Science Foundation Innovation Corps (I-Corps™) sites across the country selected to each receive $30,000 grants to increase participation and promote inclusion of underrepresented populations in the National Innovation Network.

Adenoviruses and the immune system join forces against cancer
IDIBELL researchers have developed an oncolytic virus capable of redirecting the patient's immune system against their tumor cells.

Study maps where US patients appear more ill than they are
In some areas of the US, medical providers consistently order more tests and treatments for patients than providers do elsewhere -- a fact that has generated considerable public debate.

Vitamin B3 prevents glaucoma in laboratory mice
In mice genetically predisposed to glaucoma, vitamin B3 added to drinking water is effective at preventing the disease.

Pizza, burgers and the like: A single high-fat meal can damage the metabolism
The global proliferation of overweight and obese people and people with type 2 diabetes is often associated with the consumption of saturated fats.

For mosquito repellents, stick with the spray
In a crowded marketplace of products advertised to repel mosquitos, consumers are wise to trust spray-on repellents containing DEET or PMD, say researchers at New Mexico State University.

New analysis links 30,000 excess deaths in 2015 to cuts in health and social care
Researchers exploring why there has been a substantial increase in mortality in England and Wales in 2015 conclude that failures in the health and social care system linked to disinvestment are likely to be the main cause.

Seagrasses greatly reduce bacteria, benefiting humans and marine life
Seagrass meadows reduce bacteria pathogenic to humans and marine life by up to 50 percent, a new study shows.

ESMO supports the 2017 WHO cancer resolution
ESMO, the leading European professional organization for medical oncology, presented an official statement supporting the 2017 WHO Cancer Resolution that was discussed at the 140th session of the WHO Executive Board meeting in Geneva, Jan.

From robotics to lasers: Young investigators bring big promise, get big awards
The Office of Naval Research today announced awards of $16 million through its 2017 Young Investigator Program (YIP).

Social exclusion leads to conspiratorial thinking, study finds
According to a Princeton University study, social exclusion leads to conspiratorial thinking.

Invite: Protecting the Crown Jewel of the Caribbean - Cuba's Marine Ecosystems
Cuba has some of the healthiest coastal ecosystems in the Caribbean, with largely intact coastal mangroves and many of the best coral reefs in the region.

Targeted radiosurgery better than whole-brain radiation for treating brain tumors
Tumors that originate in other organs of the body and spread to the brain are known as metastatic brain tumors.

CWRU research team finds radial acceleration relation in all common types of galaxies
The distribution of normal matter precisely determines gravitational acceleration in all common types of galaxies, a team led by Case Western Reserve University researchers reports.

Joe Biden, 47th Vice President of US, to be honored at Research!America Advocacy Awards Dinner
Joe Biden, 47th Vice President of the United States, will receive Research!America's Gordon and Llura Gund Leadership Award for his commitment to accelerating cancer research as the driving force behind the White House Cancer Moonshot.

Researchers discover 'molecular switch' that causes auto-immune diseases
For the first time, researchers have a specific target for the treatment of specific auto-immune conditions by identifying an immune molecule called T-bet as the key control point that regulates this genetic risk in specific diseases.

A method based on artificial intelligence allows to diagnose Alzheimer's or Parkinson's
Alzheimer's disease, which currently affects more than 40 million people, is the most common neurodegenerative disease in elder people.

Identifying vaccination capacity for future foot-and-mouth outbreaks
A new reactive vaccination strategy for future foot-and-mouth disease epidemics shows that significant cost savings can be achieved by accurately identifying our capacity to vaccinate -- according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

People far from urban lights, bright screens still skimp on sleep
Screen time before bed can mess with your sleep. But people without TV and laptops skimp on sleep too, researchers say. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to