Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 21, 2017
Penn engineers overcome a hurdle in growing a revolutionary optical metamaterial
Engineers in UPenn's School of Engineering and Applied Science produced an elusive diamond crystal structure that could revolutionize photonics.

NASA's SnowEx challenges the sensing techniques...'until they break'
A NASA-led team will kick off an ambitious airborne campaign to determine which combination of sensors would work best at collecting global snow-water measurements from space -- critical for understanding and managing the world's freshwater resources.

Radiocarbon dating and DNA show ancient Puebloan leadership in the maternal line
Discovering who was a leader, or even if leaders existed, from the ruins of archaeological sites is difficult, but now a team of archaeologists and biological anthropologists, using a powerful combination of radiocarbon dating and ancient DNA, have shown that a matrilineal dynasty likely ruled Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico for more than 300 years.

ORC as Loader of the Rings
An international collaboration of life scientists, including experts at Van Andel Research Institute, has described in exquisite detail the critical first steps of DNA replication, which allows cells to divide and most advanced life, including human, to propagate.

Most off-label antidepressant prescriptions lack strong scientific evidence
Most off-label antidepressant prescriptions lack strong scientific evidence, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

T cells support long-lived antibody-producing cells, Penn-led team finds
A group led by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, has come to a better understanding of how long-lived, antibody-producing plasma cells are maintained.

Experimental malaria vaccine offers durable protection against many strains in NIH trial
An investigational malaria vaccine has protected a small number of healthy US adults from infection with a malaria strain different from that contained in the vaccine, according to a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Scientists remove reliance on seasonality in new broccoli line, potentially doubling yield
Scientists at the John Innes Centre are developing a new line of fast-growing sprouting broccoli that goes from seed to harvest in 8-10 weeks.

Osteopathic technique helps locate ectopic pregnancies when imaging fails
The location of an ectopic pregnancy can be determined quickly and easily with a simple, noninvasive physical examination technique used by osteopathic physicians.

Tune your radio: Galaxies sing when forming stars
A team led from the Instituto de AstrofĂ­sica de Canarias (IAC) has found the most precise way ever to measure the rate at which stars form in galaxies using their radio emission at 1-10 Gigahertz frequency range.

Peptide reverses cardiac fibrosis in a preclinical model of congestive heart failure
Cardiac fibrosis, an abnormal thickening of the heart wall leading to congestive heart failure, was not only halted but also reversed by a caveolin-1 surrogate peptide (CSD) in a preclinical model, report researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina in an article published online on Jan.

Successful insomnia treatment may require nothing more than a placebo
A new study published in Brain indicates that successful treatment for insomnia may not actually require complicated neurofeedback (direct training of brain functions).

The way breast cancer genes act could predict your treatment
A Michigan State University breast cancer researcher has shown that effective treatment options can be predicted based on the way certain breast cancer genes act or express themselves.

UK government plan to prevent child obesity is 'severely limited,' argue experts
The UK's action plan to significantly reduce childhood obesity is 'severely limited,' argue a team of experts in The BMJ today.

Study finds 6,600 spills from fracking in just 4 states
Each year, 2 to 16 percent of hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells spill hydrocarbons, chemical-laden water, hydraulic fracturing fluids and other substances, according to a new study.

Mediterranean diet may decrease pain associated with obesity
Eating a Mediterranean diet could decrease the chances an overweight person will experience regular pain, new research suggests.

The smallest Cas9 genetic scissors (so far)
IBS scientists present the smallest member of the CRISPR-Cas9 family developed to date and show that it can fit inside adeno-associated viruses and mutate blindness-causing genes

New book on malaria from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Written and edited by experts in the field, 'Malaria: Biology in the Era of Eradication,' from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, explores recent developments in our understanding of malaria biology and their potential to influence malaria elimination/eradication strategies.

First breath shapes the lung's immune system
With the first breath, the lungs require to develop immunological defense mechanisms while maintaining the gas exchange.

400-million-year-old gigantic extinct monster worm discovered in Canadian museum
A previously undiscovered species of an extinct primordial giant worm with terrifying snapping jaws has been identified by an international team of scientists.

Study finds significant limitations of physician-rating websites
An analysis of 28 commercial physician-rating websites finds that search mechanisms are cumbersome, and reviews scarce, according to a study appearing in the Feb.

Researchers document second case of 'Down syndrome' in chimps
Japanese researchers have confirmed the second case known to science of a chimpanzee born with trisomy 22, a chromosomal defect similar to that of Down syndrome (or trisomy 21) in humans.

Rice U. study probes microbe, virus co-evolution
A Rice University study suggests that researchers planning to use the CRISPR genome-editing system to produce designer gut bacteria may need to account for the dynamic evolution of the microbial immune system.

TSRI-invented compound ozanimod shows positive results in late-stage clinical trial for relapsing multiple sclerosis
Results from a new Phase 3 study conducted by the Celgene Corporation demonstrate that ozanimod, a drug candidate originally discovered and optimized at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), can reduce the frequency of multiple sclerosis relapse.

New window into the nanoworld
For the first time ever, scientists have captured images of terahertz electron dynamics of a semiconductor surface on the atomic scale.

Zika may cause miscarriages, thin brain tissue in babies carried to term
Johns Hopkins researchers say that in early pregnancy in mice with complete immune systems, Zika virus can cross the placenta -- intended to protect the developing fetus -- and appears to lead to a high percentage of miscarriages and to babies born with thin brain tissue and inflammation in brain cells.

Transgender political candidates still likely face an uphill battle, study finds
A new study led by a University of Kansas political scientist found 35 percent-40 percent of adults would oppose a transgender candidate for office, which was higher than the 30 percent who would likely oppose a gay or lesbian candidate.

Immune research advances understanding of autism spectrum disorder
In the Biological Psychiatry special issue 'Neuroimmune Mechanisms in Autism Spectrum Disorder,' guest editor Professor Kimberley McAllister of the University of California, Davis, presents five reviews and three original research articles highlighting advances that are transforming the field of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research.

Listeria infection causes early pregnancy loss in primates
Researchers in Wisconsin have discovered how Listeria monocytogenes, a common foodborne pathogen, travels through the mother's body to fatally attack the placenta and fetus during early pregnancy in a macaque monkey.

Columbia University Professor among 2017 Sloan Research Fellowship Recipients
Sebastian Will, an assistant professor in the Department of Physics at Columbia University, has been named a 2017 Sloan Research Fellow.

Improved polymer and new assembly method for ultra-conformable 'electronic tattoo' devices
Waseda University researchers developed processes and materials for ultrathin devices using SBS elastomeric film, achieving ease of production, high elasticity and flexibility fifty times better than previously reported polymer nanosheets.

Listeria may be serious miscarriage threat early in pregnancy
Listeria, a common food-borne bacterium, may pose a greater risk of miscarriage in the early stages of pregnancy than appreciated, according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine studying how pathogens affect fetal development and change the outcome of pregnancy.

William Julius Wilson to receive 2017 SAGE-CASBS Award
SAGE Publishing and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS) at Stanford University are pleased to announce that William Julius Wilson is the 2017 recipient of the SAGE-CASBS Award.

E-cigarettes popular among smokers with existing illnesses
In the US more than 16 million people with smoking-related illnesses continue to use cigarettes.

Sophisticated optical secrets revealed in glossy buttercup flowers
Buttercup flowers are known for their intense, shiny yellow colour.

Discovery of a new gene critical in the development of lung and pancreatic cancers
Researchers at the Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA) of the University of Navarra (Spain) have identified a critical gene, FOSL1, in the development of lung and pancreatic cancer.

Anticipating the aroma of a chemical compound
Data collected through a crowdsourcing competition demonstrates that it is possible to accurately predict the smell of a molecule given its structure.

Novel breast tomosynthesis technique reduces screening recall rate
A new digital breast tomosynthesis technique has the potential to reduce the rate at which women are called back for additional examinations without sacrificing cancer detection, according to a new study.

Brightest neutron star yet has a multipolar magnetic field
Scientists have identified a neutron star that is consuming material so fast it emits more x-rays than any other.

Death rates from cancer will fall faster in men than in women in Europe in 2017
Death rates from cancer in the European Union (EU) are falling faster in men than in women, according to the latest predictions for European cancer deaths in 2017, published in the leading cancer journal Annals of Oncology.

Stanford-developed nanostraws sample a cell's contents without damage
Tiny nanostraws that sample the contents of a cell without causing damage may improve our ability to understand cellular processes and lead to safer medical treatments.

Can North American animals such as rabbits, cows, or pigs serve as hosts for Zika virus?
The mosquito-borne Zika virus might be able to infect and reproduce in a variety of common animal species, and a new study looked at 16 different types of animals, including goats, pigeons, raccoons, and ducks, to determine their potential to serve as hosts for Zika virus.

Prediction: More gas-giants will be found orbiting Sun-like stars
New planetary formation models from Carnegie's Alan Boss indicate that there may be an undiscovered population of gas giant planets orbiting around Sun-like stars at distances similar to those of Jupiter and Saturn.

Prostate cancer cells grow with malfunction of cholesterol control in cells
Advanced prostate cancer and high blood cholesterol have long been known to be connected, but it has been a chicken-or-egg problem.

Male caregivers report more positives in caring for stroke survivors
Transitioning to the caregiver role for a spouse who recently had a stroke may be unsettling, particularly for men.

Improvements in ACL surgery may help prevent knee osteoarthritis
Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee frequently leads to early-onset osteoarthritis, a painful condition that can occur even if the patient has undergone ACL reconstruction to prevent its onset.

Colorado River flows will keep shrinking as climate warms
Warming in the 21st century reduced Colorado River flows by at least 0.5 million acre-feet, about the amount of water used by 2 million people for one year, according to new research.

Anti-epilepsy medicine taken by pregnant women does not harm the child's overall health
Previous studies have shown that anti-epilepsy medicine may lead to congenital malformations in the fetus and that the use of anti-epilepsy medicine during pregnancy affects the development of the brain among the children.

African-American women at risk of CVD report more loneliness, financial strain
In a small survey of postmenopausal women, black women at risk for cardiovascular disease reported greater loneliness compared to white women.

Discovery could help doctors to spot cardiovascular disease at an earlier stage
Screening methods for cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes could be improved by measuring different biological signposts to those currently being tested, a new study led by researchers from King's College London suggests.

Modern housing associated with reduced malaria risk in sub-Saharan Africa
Modern houses -- with metal roofs and finished walls -- are associated with a more than 9 percent reduction in the odds of malaria in children in sub-Saharan Africa when compared to more traditional thatched houses, according to a study published in PLOS Medicine by Lucy Tusting of the University of Oxford, UK, and colleagues at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK, Durham University, UK, and the University of Southampton, UK.

Prestigious international environmental prize awarded to Mexican scientist-statesman
In the past, Mexico's rainforests suffered extensive logging and were in grave danger.

New behavioral therapy to support Japanese mothers of children with ADHD
OIST researchers are working to develop culturally appropriate parent-training programs for Japanese families of children with ADHD.

Frequency announces a revolutionary small-molecule approach to restore hearing
Frequency's scientific co-founders from Brigham and Women's Hospital and MIT and collaborators at Mass Eye & Ear published research highlighting a breakthrough small-molecule approach to regenerate inner ear sensory hair cells.

New Year's resolutions: Have yours gone up in smoke?
It's more than halfway through February and for many those hopeful New Year's resolutions to make some positive changes have fallen by the wayside.

Start codons in DNA may be more numerous than previously thought
A central tenet of biology may need updating given new measurements of start codons by researchers working at NIST.

Counting sharks
Researchers recalibrate shark population density using data they gathered during eight years of study on Palmyra atoll.

Kids with heart defects face learning challenges, inadequate school support
Children with congenital heart defects are less likely to meet minimum standards in third-grade reading and math end-of-year testing than peers.

Research teams hone in on Zika vaccines, but challenges remain
Public health officials warn that spring's warmer temperatures may herald another increase of Zika virus infections in the Americas.

A low-cost mechanical device for minimally invasive surgery
Surgeons can now use a new type of mechanical instrument to perform complex, minimally invasive procedures, also known as laparoscopic surgery, thanks to researchers and small business entrepreneurs funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

New insights into the information processing of motor neurons
Scientists at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience are working to understand how neurons in the cerebellum, a region in the back of the brain that controls movement, interact with each other.

Anne Meltzer of Lehigh University named Fellow of American Geophysical Union
Anne S. Meltzer, a seismologist who studies the structure and evolution of Earth's crust and upper mantle, joined a select group of earth scientists recently when she received the American Geophysical Union's (AGU) 2016 Ambassador Award and was made a Fellow of the AGU.

Understanding 'glass relaxation' and why it's important for next-generation displays
Display manufacturers can account for a certain level of relaxation in the glass, referring to the intermolecular rearrangement, if it's known and reproducible.

Teens with PTSD and conduct disorder have difficulty recognizing facial expressions
Adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are more likely to misidentify sad and angry faces as fearful, while teens with symptoms of conduct disorder tend to interpret sad faces as angry, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School.

Collaborative care provides improvement for older adults with mild depression
Among older adults with subthreshold depression (insufficient levels of depressive symptoms to meet diagnostic criteria), collaborative care compared with usual care resulted in an improvement in depressive symptoms after four months, although it is of uncertain clinical importance, according to a study appearing in the Feb.

Cat ownership not linked to mental health problems
New UCL research has found no link between cat ownership and psychotic symptoms, casting doubt on previous suggestions that people who grew up with cats are at higher risk of mental illness.

Women with mild heart blockage report poorer health, more anxiety and negativity than men
People with partial or mild blockage of coronary arteries report more anxiety, depression and negative outlooks than the general population.

Longevity-promoting superstar gets revealed in Caenorhabditis reproducibility project
The amyloid dye Thioflavin T emerged as the superstar when age researchers in three independent laboratories tested ten already-promising pro-longevity chemicals across a range of distinctive strains and species of tiny nematode worms known as Caenorhabditis.

Study reveals ways to improve outcomes, reduce costs for common heart procedure
Hospitals can improve patient care and reduce costs associated with coronary angioplasty if cardiologists perform more of these procedures through an artery in the wrist and if they take steps to discharge such patients on the same day, according to a new study led by Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Cocaine addiction leads to build-up of iron in brain
Cocaine addiction may affect how the body processes iron, leading to a build-up of the mineral in the brain, according to new research from the University of Cambridge.

Youth handball players get injured by sudden increases in training volume
With extra training sessions in the sports hall and more matches on the program, youth handball players risk getting shoulder injuries.

Danish discovery opens up for new type of immunological treatment of cancer
Researchers from Aarhus University have found an important piece of the puzzle leading towards an understanding of how our innate immune system reacts against viral infections and recognises foreign DNA, for example from dying cancer cells.

Winners, losers among fish when landscape undergoes change
A new study by the University of Washington and Simon Fraser University finds that some fish lose out while others benefit as urban and agricultural development encroaches on streams and rivers across the United States

Seven new species of night frogs from India including 4 miniature forms
Scientists from India have discovered seven new frog species belonging to the genus Nyctibatrachus, commonly known as Night Frogs.

New studies quantify the impacts of water use on diversity of fish and aquatic insects in NC streams
The health of fish and aquatic insects could be significantly affected by withdrawals of fresh water from the rivers and streams across North Carolina according to a new scientific assessment.

Testosterone treatment improves bone density and anemia, may lead to cardiac risk
Today, in a group of papers published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) and JAMA Internal Medicine, researchers found that testosterone treatment improved bone density and anemia for men over 65 with unequivocally low testosterone.

Testosterone treatments may increase cardiac risks
A new JAMA study found a 20 percent increase in arterial plaque among men aged 65 and older who received testosterone replacement therapy for a year,

'Late-life' genes activated by biological clock to help protect against stress, aging
Researchers have discovered that a subset of genes involved in daily circadian rhythms, or the 'biological clock,' only become active late in life or during periods of intense stress when they are most needed to help protect critical life functions.

Entomological Society of America supports the March for Science
The Entomological Society of America (ESA) endorses the March for Science to be held on April 22.

UC Riverside gets $5.1 million to fight citrus killer
A team of scientists, led by a group at the University of California, Riverside, has received a five-year, $5.1 million grant from the US Department of Agriculture to fight a disease that is devastating the citrus industry.

Study finds testosterone replacement therapy reduces cardiovascular risk
Men who used testosterone replacement therapy to treat symptoms of androgen deficiency had a 33 percent lower risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and stroke compared to those who did not receive any hormone therapy.

NASA sees development of South Pacific's Tropical Cyclone Bart
Tropical Cyclone Bart has developed in the Southern Pacific Ocean, and NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm early on Feb.

Penn/Wistar study finds 'sweet spot' where tissue stiffness drives cancer's spread
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and The Wistar Institute have now found that physical forces exerted between cancer cells and the ECM are enough to drive a shape change necessary for metastasis.

Offshore wind push
Injecting large amounts of offshore wind power into the US electrical grid is manageable, will cut electricity costs, and will reduce pollution compared to current fossil fuel sources, according to researchers from the University of Delaware and Princeton University who have completed a first-of-its-kind simulation with the electric power industry.

Study shows novel strategic framework improves retention of minority, low-income children
Recruiting and retaining minority participants in randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) continue to be major challenges for researchers.

Genetic data show mainly men migrated from the Pontic steppe to Europe 5,000 years ago
A new study, looking at the sex-specifically inherited X chromosome of prehistoric human remains, shows that hardly any women took part in the extensive migration from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe approximately 5,000 years ago.

Risk of Ross River Virus global epidemic
Australia's Ross River Virus (RRV) could be the next mosquito-borne global epidemic according to a new research study led by the University of Adelaide and The Australian National University.

Exercise most important lifestyle change to help reduce risk of breast cancer recurrence
For patients with breast cancer, physical activity and avoiding weight gain are the most important lifestyle choices that can reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and death, according to an evidence-based review published in CMAJ.

Stop using ultrasound to speed up fracture healing, advise experts
New evidence suggests that receiving low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) to speed up bone healing after fracture has little or no impact on pain or recovery time, say a panel of international experts in The BMJ today.

Life expectancy set to increase in developed nations
Life expectancies in developed countries are projected to continue increasing, with women's life expectancy potentially surpassing 90 years old in South Korea by 2030, according to a study published in The Lancet.

Testosterone treatment improves bone density, anemia in men over 65
Research published today found testosterone treatment improved bone density and anemia for men over 65 with low testosterone.

Maths and maps make you nervous? It could be in your genes
Our genes play a significant role in how anxious we feel when faced with spatial and mathematical tasks, such as reading a map or solving a geometry problem, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London.

In great shape
Isomax is now proved to be the world's first to achieve the performance predicted by theoretical bounds.

Legal marijuana sales creating escalating damage to the environment
In an opinion piece published by the journal Environmental Science and Technology, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Lancaster University in the UK have called on US federal agencies to fund studies that will gather essential environmental data from the legal cultivation farms and facilities.

Trump's policies set to damage health and science, warns The BMJ
The BMJ today warns that Trump's administration 'is acting in ways that will suppress research and limit communication on scientific topics that it deems politically inconvenient.'

How habitat destruction figures in long-term survival plans
Some organisms might have an interesting strategy for long-term survival: switching between two unsustainable forms of behaviour that, when kept unchecked, can actually cause them to wipe out their own homes.

$420,000 grant funds study on polio-like virus
Haoquan Wu, Ph.D., has received a two-year, $420,000 grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID) to study Enterovirus 71 (EV71), a relatively new virus that has been compared to polio.

Negative health impact of economic recession unevenly distributed among groups in Spain
A study carried out in Andalusia, Southern Spain, following the 2007/2008 economic recession detected increasing inequalities in male mortality rates.

Over time, nuisance flooding can cost more than extreme, infrequent events
Global climate change is being felt in many coastal communities of the United States, not always in the form of big weather disasters but as a steady drip, drip, drip of nuisance flooding.

DOOMED is new online learning approach to robotics modeling
Robotics researchers have developed a novel adaptive control approach based on online learning that allows for the correction of dynamics errors in real time using the data stream from the robot.

Researchers implicate suspect in heart disease linked to diabetes
Scientists have struggled to trace the specific biology behind diabetes-associated heart disease risk or find ways to intervene.

Unlocking the heart-protective benefits of soy
A product of digesting a micronutrient found in soy may hold the key to why some people seem to derive a heart-protective benefit from eating soy foods, while others do not.

Hispanic cancer mortality varies among ethnic groups
Cancer mortality rates vary considerably within the growing Hispanic population in the United States, with significant differences among the major Hispanic ethnic groups.

Five studies in JAMA, JAMA Internal Medicine examine effect of testosterone treatment on various health outcomes in men
Five new JAMA and JAMA Internal Medicine studies published online compare a variety of health outcomes in men with low testosterone who used testosterone.

Dying patients who received palliative care visited the ER less
WASHINGTON -- Community-based palliative care -- care delivered at home, not the hospital - was associated with a 50 percent reduction in emergency department visits for patients in their last year of life.

Hypertension treatment for females starts with how a high-salt diet affects their blood pressure
Many of us have noted how our hands and feet swell after eating too much salt.

Average life expectancy set to increase by 2030
Average life expectancy is set to increase in many countries by 2030 -- and will exceed 90 years in South Korea, according to new research.

University of Toronto study uncovers gene that may strongly influence obesity
A University of Toronto study on fruit flies has uncovered a gene that could play a key role in obesity in humans.

Drugs that alter inhibitory targets offer therapeutic strategies for autism, schizophrenia
Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines, which communicate with other brain cells through 'synapses.' Researchers at SUNY Downstate Medical Center recently discovered that an inhibitory brain receptor triggers synaptic pruning in adolescence.

Model helps explain why some patients with multiple sclerosis have seizures
MS patients are three to six times more likely to develop seizures.

Benefits of testosterone therapy in older men are mixed
Older men with low testosterone levels showed improved bone density and strength, as well as reduced anemia, after one year of testosterone therapy, according to a new study conducted at Yale and other sites.

New approach to measure fluid drag on the body during swimming
University of Tsukuba researchers developed an approach to measure the amount of active drag from the water to which swimmers are subjected.

Experts raise concern over US advice to screen all adults and all teens for depression
Recent advice on depression screening from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) may lead to overtesting and overtreatment, according to some experts.

One-off bowel scope cuts cancer risk for at least 17 years
A one-off bowel screening test reduces the risk of developing bowel cancer by more than one-third and could save thousands of lives.

Pitt chemists reveal novel biocatalysts for bioactive alkaloid synthesis
Alkaloids are natural nitrogen-containing compounds produced by plants and microbes.

Study finds link between high EPA and DHA omega-3 blood levels and decreased risk of death
A study published in the Journal of Clinical Lipidology found that higher levels of EPA and DHA omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in red blood cells were associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality in postmenopausal women.

Likelihood of dieting success lies within your tweets
There is a direct link between a person's attitude on social media and the likelihood that their dieting efforts will succeed.

Humans are hard-wired to follow the path of least resistance
The amount of effort required to do something influences what we think we see, finds a new UCL study suggesting we're biased towards perceiving anything challenging to be less appealing.

Using a rabbit virus to treat multiple myeloma
Treating multiple myeloma (MM) with myxoma virus (MYXV) eliminated a majority of malignant cells in preclinical studies, report investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and elsewhere in an article published online on Dec.

Prides, protection & parks: Africa's protected areas can support 4 times as many lions
Africa's protected parks and reserves are capable of supporting three to four times as many wild lions if well funded and managed, according to a new report led by Panthera, the global wild cat conservation organization.

Chemist awarded Sloan research fellowship
Ming Lee Tang, an assistant professor of chemistry at the University of California, Riverside, has been awarded a Sloan Research Fellowship for her research with nanoparticles that could have a strong impact on the solar power industry and biomedical fields.

Screening MRI benefits women at average risk of breast cancer
MRI screening improves early diagnosis of breast cancer in all women-not only those at high risk-according to a new study from Germany.

Deep Learning predicts hematopoietic stem cell development
Autonomous driving, automatic speech recognition, and the game Go: Deep Learning is generating more and more public awareness.

NASA spots short-lived Tropical Cyclone Alfred
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible image of the Southern Pacific Ocean's newly formed tropical cyclone in the Gulf of Carpentaria.

Science vs. the sea lamprey
Concordia biology professor Grant Brown has developed a promising -- and natural -- solution to curb destructive the sea lamprey population.

Israeli, Palestinian researchers cooperate to find risks for B cell non-hodgkin lymphoma
Most epidemiological studies of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) have been carried out in North American and European populations, with very few focusing on B-cell NHL in Middle Eastern populations.

Scientists unlock ability to generate new sensory hair cells
Scientists describe a technique to grow large quantities of inner ear progenitor cells that convert into hair cells.

Children's Mercy honored as recipient of the 2017 Microsoft Health Innovation Awards
Children's Mercy has been named a recipient of Microsoft Corp.'s 2017 Health Innovation Awards for its Cardiac High Acuity Monitoring Program (CHAMP).

Seizures tracked with apple watch app linked to stress, missed sleep
New research using an Apple Watch app to track seizures in people with epilepsy finds triggers are often stress and missed sleep, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 69th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017.

Brain-computer interface advance allows fast, accurate typing by people with paralysis
A clinical research publication led by Stanford University investigators has demonstrated that a brain-to-computer hookup can enable people with paralysis to type via direct brain control at the highest speeds and accuracy levels reported to date.

Gamification motivates consumers to reduce power consumption peaks
In collaboration with the international CITYOPT project, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed an energy planning tool for experts and an application for consumers.

It takes 2 to tango: Beetles are equal partners in mating behavior
Beetles that copulate with the same mate as opposed to different partners will repeat the same behavior, debunking previous suggestions that one sex exerts control over the other in copulation, new research has found.

Artificial synapse for neural networks
A new organic artificial synapse made by Stanford researchers could support computers that better recreate the way the human brain processes information.

Ants stomp, termites tiptoe: Predator detection by a cryptic prey
Secretive and destructive, termites live in close proximity to predatory ants yet still outsmart them.

Four NYU faculty win Sloan Foundation Research Fellowships
Four New York University faculty have been awarded fellowships from the Alfred P.

3,000 steps in 30 minutes improves the prognosis for heart failure
Contrary to what was previously assumed, physical exercise does not lead to harmful ventricular enlargement.

Nursing symposium news from the ASA International Stroke Conference
Clues point to which hospitalized stroke patients are greater fall risks; Internet, social media fuel health system's stroke awareness campaign

Penn expert calls for shorter radiation use in prostate cancer treatment
Men with prostate cancer can receive shorter courses of radiation therapy than what is currently considered standard, according to Justin Bekelman, M.D., an associate professor of Radiation Oncology, Medical Ethics, and Health Policy at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine and Abramson Cancer Center.

Caregivers of black stroke survivors spend more time; but report more positive outlook
Black stroke survivors were more likely to have a caregiver and received more hours of help per week.

Hormonal maintenance therapy may improve survival in women with chemo-resistant rare ovarian or peri
For women with a rare subtype of epithelial ovarian or peritoneum cancer, known as low-grade serous carcinoma (LGSC), hormone maintenance therapy (HMT) may significantly improve survival, according to a new study from researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute awarded $3 million to develop biological pacemakers
With a new $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute investigators are moving closer to their goal of developing a biological pacemaker that can treat patients afflicted with slow heartbeats.

How cathedral termites got to Australia to build their 'sky-scrapers'
They build among the tallest non-human structures (proportionately speaking) in the world and now a pioneering study has found the termites that live in Australia's remote Top End originated from overseas -- rafting vast distances and migrating from tree-tops to the ground, as humans later did.

High indoxyl sulfate levels caused by acute kidney injury damages lungs
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have found a mechanism that causes acute lung damage during instances of sudden kidney failure.

Drug treatment could combat hearing loss
Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have discovered a combination of drugs that induces supporting cells in the ear to differentiate into hair cells, offering a potential new way to treat hearing loss.

Gut bacteria associated with cancer immunotherapy response in melanoma
Melanoma patients' response to a major form of immunotherapy is associated with the diversity and makeup of trillions of potential allies and enemies found in the digestive tract, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report at the ASCO-Society for Immunotherapy in Cancer meeting in Orlando.

Twitter researchers offer clues as to why Trump won
University of Rochester computer scientists were able to shed light on how Trump won the presidential election by using data science to track the millions of Twitter followers who liked or 'unliked' the candidates throughout the campaign.

What's the healthiest way to eat your veggies? (video)
Vegetables are chock-full of essential vitamins and minerals, but how should you eat them to get the most nutritious bang for your buck?

New data about 2 distant asteroids give a clue to the possible 'Planet Nine'
The dynamical properties of these asteroids, observed spectroscopiccally for the first time using the Gran Telescopio CANARIAS, suggest a possible common origin and give a clue to the existence of a planet beyond Pluto, the so-called 'Planet Nine.'

Scientists find genetic mutations that drive antibiotic resistance
Scientists from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard in Cambridge, Massachusetts, have identified novel mutations in bacteria that promote the evolution of high-level antibiotic resistance.

A close look at sharp vision
Found only in the retinas of humans and other primates, the fovea is responsible for visual experiences that are rich in colorful, spatial detail.

New design for longer lasting night-vision cameras
Northwestern University's Manijeh Razeghi and her team have developed a new approach to improving the technologies in night-vision cameras -- potentially making their all-too-frequent breakdowns a thing of the past.

NASA's fermi finds possible dark matter ties in andromeda galaxy
NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has found a signal at the center of the neighboring Andromeda galaxy that could indicate the presence of the mysterious stuff known as dark matter.

NIH begins study of vaccine to protect against mosquito-borne diseases
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, has launched a Phase 1 clinical trial to test an investigational vaccine intended to provide broad protection against a range of mosquito-transmitted diseases, such as Zika, malaria, West Nile fever and dengue fever, and to hinder the ability of mosquitoes to transmit such infections.

New technique generates high volume of sensory cells needed for hearing
In 2013, Mass. Eye and Ear researchers restored partial hearing to mice by converting stem cells into hair cells.

Stabilizing energy storage
University of Utah and University of Michigan chemists, participating in a US Department of Energy consortium, predict a better future for these types of batteries, called redox flow batteries. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to