Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 22, 2017
Sorting out risk genes for brain development disorders
Gene discovery research is uncovering similarities and differences underlying a variety of disorders affecting the developing brain, including autism, attention deficits, tics, intellectual impairments, developmental delays and language difficulties.

Widely accepted vision for agriculture may be inaccurate, misleading
'Food production must double by 2050 to feed the world's growing population.' This truism has been repeated so often in recent years that it has become widely accepted among academics, policymakers and farmers, but now researchers are challenging this assertion and suggesting a new vision for the future of agriculture.

JBJS, Inc., NEJM Group, and Area9 collaborate on adaptive learning in orthopaedics
Using research-proven, state-of-the-art adaptive learning technology developed by Area9 and employed by NEJM Knowledge+, JBJS Clinical Classroom will provide orthopaedic surgeons with a personalized learning experience at any stage in their career.

Benefits of cognitive training in dementia patients unclear
Positive effects of cognitive training in healthy elderly people have been reported, but data regarding its effects in patients with dementia is unclear.

Science versus the 'Horatio Alger myth'
In a new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE, Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have taken a condensed matter physics concept usually applied to the way substances such as ice freeze, called 'frustration,' and applied it to a simple social network model of frustrated components.

Obesity reprograms muscle stem cells
Obesity is associated with reduced muscle mass and impaired metabolism.

Device will rapidly, accurately and inexpensively detect the Zika virus at airports
About the size of a tablet, a portable device that could be used in a host of environments like a busy airport or even a remote location in South America, may hold the key to detecting the dreaded Zika virus accurately, rapidly and inexpensively using just a saliva sample.

The Lancet: Deprivation in early childhood can affect mental health in adulthood, according to landmark study
Experiencing severe deprivation and neglect in childhood can have a lasting psychological impact into early adulthood, according to a unique study which has followed the mental health of a group of children adopted from Romanian institutions to UK families in the 1990s.

New study gives weight to Darwin's theory of 'living fossils'
A team of researchers from the University of Bristol studying the 'living fossil' Sphenodon -- or tuatara -- have identified a new way to measure the evolutionary rate of these enigmatic creatures, giving credence to Darwin's theory of 'living fossils.'

Grimes awarded Sloan Research Fellowship for work on chronic inflammatory diseases
Catherine Leimkuhler Grimes, assistant professor in the University of Delaware's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, has been awarded a prestigious Sloan Research Fellowship to investigate how chronic inflammatory diseases, such as asthma and Crohn's disease, arise.

What's the buzz on bee parasites?
Published today in the open-access journal GigaScience is an article that presents the genome sequence and analysis of the honey bee parasitic mite T. mercedesae.

The monster within: Aged gut bacteria linked to poor outcomes after stroke
A deeper understanding of the role of gut bacteria in stroke recovery may help identify new treatments for stroke patients, researchers said.

Low snowpacks of 2014, 2015 may become increasingly common with warmer conditions
Oregon experienced very low snowpack levels in 2014 and historically low snowpack levels in 2015; now a new study suggests that these occurrences may not be anomalous in the future and could become much more common if average temperatures warm just two degrees (Celsius).

Gay, lesbian and bisexual teens half as likely to play sports as straight youth
While participation in sports has been declining among high school students in British Columbia overall, even fewer gay, lesbian and bisexual (LGB) teens are involved in sports than 15 years ago, says a new University of British Columbia study.

Hot spots of marine biodiversity most severely impacted by global warming
A new study aimed at identifying areas of highest conservation priority in the world's oceans found six 'hot spots of marine biodiversity' that are severely impacted by climate change and fishing pressures.

Study supports use of aspiration as frontline thrombectomy therapy for acute ischemic stroke
Results of the ASTER Trial provide additional evidence of Penumbra's aspiration system as an effective frontline thrombectomy approach for acute ischemic stroke as part of the ADAPT (A Direct Aspiration, First Pass Technique) technique.

Northwestern anthropologist receives grant to measure water insecurity
Under a new $310,000 grant from the UK-funded Innovative Metrics and Methods for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions research initiative, Northwestern University anthropologist Sera Young, a fellow in the University's Institute for Policy Research, and an international team of researchers seek to develop a cross-cultural scale of perceived household water insecurity.

Microhotplates for a smart gas sensor
Toyohashi University of Technology researchers have developed microhotplates (MHPs), in which an SU-8 photoresist was employed as a supporting material.

Researchers find insight into the simplest substitution reaction via Walden inversion mechanism
A research term led by Prof. ZHANG Donghui from State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics of Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics has carried out an accurate quantum dynamics study of the H' + CH4 ¡ú CH3H' + H substitution reaction and its isotope analogies.

CredibleMeds launches mobile app to expand access to online QTdrugs database
CredibleMeds, the internationally recognized authority on drugs that increase the risk of heart arrhythmia and sudden death, has released a free mobile application to make its online QTdrugs database instantly available for healthcare providers and patients.

Incarceration linked to excess burden of cancer, new study finds
People who spend time in jails and prisons are more likely to develop certain types of cancer than the general population in Ontario, according to a study published today in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.

Exercise can significantly improve brain function after stroke
Structured physical activity training after a stroke effectively improves brain function.

Nanotechnology and nanopore sequencing
DNA is the hereditary material in our cells and contains the instructions for them to live, behave, grow, and develop.

Social information from friends, experts could help reduce uncertainty in crowdfunding
Social information gathered from friends and experts, depending on the complexity of the product, can decrease uncertainty in crowdfunding campaigns, according to research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Ultracool dwarf and the 7 planets
Astronomers have found a system of seven Earth-sized planets just 40 light-years away.

Enormous promise for new parasitic infection treatment
The human whipworm, which infects 500 million people and can damage physical and mental growth, is killed at egg and adult stage by a new drug class developed at the Universities of Manchester and Oxford and University College London.

Tiny fibers open new windows into the brain
For the first time, a single multifunction flexible fiber no bigger than a human hair, developed by researchers at MIT and elsewhere, has successfully delivered a combination of optical, electrical and chemical signals back and forth into the brain.

IURTC, Rose-Hulman Ventures collaborate on record number of technology projects in 2016
A collaboration makes it possible for engineering students and project managers at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology to create prototypes of devices invented by researchers at Indiana University.

CubeSats: Shaping possibilities in space
For more than a decade, CubeSats, or small satellites, have paved the way to low-Earth orbit for commercial companies, educational institutions, and non-profit organizations.

Rare fossil discovery raises questions
Adult and juvenile remains of a giant rodent species (Isostylomys laurdillardi) have been uncovered by researchers, in the Río de la Plata coastal region of southern Uruguay, raising questions about classification within dinomids.

BU and CGMF collaborate on innovative, long-term Texas water management project
Boston University's Institute for Sustainable Energy and the Cynthia and George Mitchell Foundation announced the funding and pursuit of a series of studies with the goal of assessing how siloed municipal water agencies in the state of Texas can transition to an Integrated Urban Water Management model.

Neural networks promise sharpest ever images
Telescopes, the workhorse instruments of astronomy, are limited by the size of the mirror or lens they use.

Headache far more common stroke symptom in children than adults
Children are much more likely to report a headache at stroke onset than adults.

Follow-up imaging significantly less when initial ED ultrasound is interpreted by radiologists than
According to new research by the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute, the use of follow-up imaging is significantly less when initial emergency department (ED) ultrasound examinations are interpreted by a radiologist than a nonradiologist.

Postwar economic policies fueled prosperity decades later, UT Dallas study finds
New research by an economist at The University of Texas at Dallas challenges accepted notions about the 1950s postwar economy and argues that policies from that era laid a foundation that continues to protect the economy from volatility in inflation and gross domestic product.

A trend reversal in childhood obesity -- a decline in the BMI in 8-year-old boys
After decades of increasing childhood obesity, things are now going in the opposite direction.

We read emotions based on how the eye sees
We use others' eyes -- whether they're widened or narrowed -- to infer emotional states, and the inferences we make align with the optical function of those expressions, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

'Quartz' crystals at the Earth's core power its magnetic field
Scientists at the Earth-Life Science Institute at the Tokyo Institute of Technology report in Nature (Fen.

Loyola medical research center receives Green Building Award
Loyola University Chicago's Center for Translational Research and Education (CTRE) has received the prestigious LEED® gold certification from the US Green Building Council.

Study: Changing the environment within bone marrow alters blood cell development
Researchers at the University of Illinois report they can alter blood cell development through the use of biomaterials designed to mimic characteristics of the bone marrow.

A problem shared can be a problem doubled
Customers perceive one and the same service problem very differently, depending on whether they are affected as individuals or in a group.

Brain-machine interfaces: Bidirectional communication at last
A prosthetic limb controlled by brain activity can partially recover the lost motor function.

How migratory birds respond to balmier autumns?
The study led by Adrienne Berchtold from the Advanced Facility for Avian Research at the University of Western Ontario, focused on one songbird species that is known to rely on weather for its migratory journey: the white-throated sparrow.

'Good' cholesterol may have different chemical properties in Alzheimer's patients
They found that compared to healthy people, Alzheimer's patients had a 5.5 times increase of a dysfunctional HDL subfraction, as well as a decreased protein/lipid ratio.

Itch neurons play a role in managing pain
There are neurons in your skin that are wired to sense itchy things.

Fruit and veg-rich diet linked to much lower risk of chronic lung disease (COPD)
A diet rich in fruit and vegetables is linked to a significantly lower risk of developing chronic lung disease (COPD) in former and current smokers, finds research published online in the journal Thorax.

Researchers uncover brain circuitry central to reward-seeking behavior
UNC scientists found that as mice learn to associate a particular sound with a rewarding sugary drink, one set of prefrontal neurons becomes more active and promotes reward-seeking behavior while other prefrontal neurons are silenced, and those neurons act like a brake on reward-seeking.

First trace of differences between matter and 'ordinary' antimatter
The world around us is mainly constructed of baryons, particles composed of three quarks.

Study targets warm water rings that fuel hurricane intensification in the Caribbean Sea
In a study conducted in the region two years prior to when Matthew's trekked across the Caribbean Sea, the research team in the Upper Ocean Dynamics Laboratory at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science deployed 55 aircraft ocean instruments from the National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration's WP-3D aircraft.

Wintering ducks connect isolated wetlands by dispersing plant seeds
Plant populations in wetland areas face increasing isolation as wetlands are globally under threat from habitat loss and fragmentation.

Historic cultural records inform scientific perspectives on woodland uses
Scientists at the University of York and University College Cork have investigated how cultural records dating back 300 years could help improve understanding of the ways in which science interprets the many uses of woodland areas.

Researchers find association between gum disease and ischemic stroke risk
Adults with gum, or periodontal, disease may be at greater ischemic stroke risk.

Cameras can steal data from computer hard drive LED lights -- Ben-Gurion U. study
The research team utilized the hard-drive (HDD) activity LED lights that are found on most desktop PCs and laptops.

TSRI researchers find standard pacemakers and defibrillators safe for MRI using a new protocol
The MagnaSafe Registry, a new multicenter study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), has demonstrated that appropriately screened and monitored patients with standard or non-MRI-conditional pacemakers and defibrillators can undergo MRI at a field strength of 1.5 tesla without harm.

Don't let work eat into your personal life, Academy urges researchers
#MedSciLife, brings together the personal stories of those working in medical sciences to promote different working practices and inspire the next generation of scientists.

OCD-like behavior linked to genetic mutation
A new Northwestern Medicine study found evidence suggesting how neural dysfunction in a certain region of the brain can lead to obsessive and repetitive behaviors much like obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Lemelson-MIT program announces 42 InvenTeam grantees
The Lemelson-MIT Program announced today the award of 42 Junior Varsity (JV) InvenTeam™ grants to 39 schools in California (metro Los Angeles), Massachusetts, Oregon and Texas (metro Houston).

Farther from forest: 'Eye-opening' study says rural US loses forests faster than cities
A study published in the journal PLOS ONE says that between 1990 and 2000, the average distance from any point in the United States to the nearest forest increased by 14 percent.

What is high lipoprotein(a), and should I be concerned?
Study found that elevations in a unusual form of cholesterol, called Lipoprotein(a) or Lp(a), as responsible for one in 14 heart attacks and one in seven cases of aortic valve disease.

Researchers reverse high blood pressure in offspring of hypertensive rats
University of Iowa researchers have demonstrated how harmful health complications passed from mother rats to their offspring can be reversed.

Scientists create a nano-trampoline to probe quantum behavior
For the first time, scientists have measured quantum criticality by developing a thin membrane suspended in air by very narrow bridges, thereby forming a 'nano-trampoline'.

UC professor lifts the curtain on Rome's first imperial family
From Augustus to Nero, Romans treated the Julio-Claudian emperors like gods during their reigns and condemned them as monsters after their deaths.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Feb. 22 issue
The Zika virus gained worldwide attention after it was linked to serious birth defects in babies born to infected mothers.

Severe gum disease may be early sign of undiagnosed diabetes
Severe gum disease, known as periodontitis, may be an early sign of type 2 diabetes, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

Average distance to a forest increased by almost 14 percent in the continental US in a decade
During the 1990s, in the continental US key connecting forest patches have been lost resulting in an increase of the average forest distance by more than 500m, according to a study published Feb.

Organ-on-a-chip mimics heart's biomechanical properties
Scientists at Vanderbilt University have created a three-dimensional organ-on-a-chip that can mimic the heart's amazing biomechanical properties in order to study cardiac disease, determine the effects that different drugs have on the heart and screen for new drugs to treat heart ailments.

Autism risk linked to herpes infection during pregnancy
Women actively infected with genital herpes during early pregnancy had twice the odds of giving birth to a child later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study by scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Study finds prolonged sleep may predict dementia risk
Data from the Framingham Heart Study has shown that people who consistently sleep more than nine hours each night had double the risk of developing dementia in 10 years as compared to participants who slept for nine hours or less.

Forests worldwide threatened by drought
Forests around the world are at risk of death due to widespread drought, University of Stirling researchers have found.

Bleeding stroke survivors at higher risk of depression, dementia
Survivors of bleeding stroke are at very high risk for developing depression.

Birds of a feather mob together
Dive bombing a much larger bird isn't just a courageous act by often smaller bird species to keep predators at bay.

Depression puts psoriasis patients at significantly greater risk of psoriatic arthritis
Psoriasis is a lifelong disease that is associated with significant cosmetic and physical disability and puts patients at increased risk for many major medical disorders.

See-through heating pad could help prevent burns from thermotherapy (video)
To soothe aches and pains, many people turn to heating pads, patches or creams.

Popular heartburn drugs linked to gradual yet 'silent' kidney damage
The sudden onset of kidney problems often serves as a warning for doctors to discontinue patients' use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), sold under brand names Prevacid, Prilosec, Nexium and Protonix, among others.

The value of nutrition and exercise, according to a moth
How can animals that feed mostly on sugar embark on migrations spanning continents?

Unravelling the atomic and nuclear structure of the heaviest elements
Little is known about the heaviest, radioactive elements in Mendeleev's table.

Inflammatory disease trigger revealed
Institute scientists have revealed a potent inflammatory molecule released by dying cells triggers inflammation during necroptosis, a recently described form of cell death linked to inflammatory disease.

New method reveals how proteins stabilize the cell surface
To withstand external mechanical stress and handle trafficking of various substances, a cell needs to adjust its surrounding membrane.

Antimicrobial substances identified in Komodo dragon blood
In a land where survival is precarious, Komodo dragons thrive despite being exposed to scads of bacteria that would kill less hardy creatures.

What do your co-workers really think of you?
Everyday in the workplace, colleagues actively compete for a limited amount of perks, including raises, promotions, bonuses and recognition.

Fighting malnutrition with education
Malnutrition manifests itself as both over- and under-nutrition, and is currently not diagnosed and treated in time.

'Smart' bacteria remodel their genes to infect our intestines
How pathogens establish themselves in our gut is poorly understood.

Nature study suggests new therapy for Gaucher disease
Scientists propose in Nature blocking a molecule that drives inflammation and organ damage in Gaucher, and maybe other lysosomal storage diseases, as a possible treatment with fewer risks and lower costs than current therapies.

Scientists identify chain reaction that shields breast cancer stem cells from chemotherapy
Working with human breast cancer cells and mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have identified a biochemical pathway that triggers the regrowth of breast cancer stem cells after chemotherapy.

Respiratory syncytial virus vaccine enters clinical testing
A Phase 1 clinical trial to test the safety and tolerability of an investigational vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has begun at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.

Making it harder to 'outsmart' concussion tests
Concussion testing on the athletic field depends upon comparing an athlete's post-concussion neurocognitive performance with the results of a previously administered baseline test.

Russian and Indian scientists collaborate on development of a new type accumulator
In mid-February 2017 researchers of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) and the University of Madras obtained support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research for implementation of the project to create new materials for accumulators of capacitor type.

NASA spies Tropical Cyclone Bart's end
NASA's Aqua satellite spotted Tropical Cyclone Bart as it was transitioning into an extra-tropical cyclone in the South Pacific Ocean.

Innovative treatment for depression in older people is effective
An innovative psychological treatment can help older people who are suffering from lower-severity depression, say researchers at the University of York.

Mexican-Americans may get less intensive stroke rehab than non-Hispanic whites
Among the 48 who received rehabilitation, 73 percent of non-Hispanic whites were discharged to inpatient rehabilitation, compared to 30 percent of Mexican-Americans.

Serendipity uncovers borophene's potential
Northwestern University engineers discover that an organic material self-assembles directly next to borophene, forming an ideal interface for electronic applications.

Estrogen therapy shown effective in reducing tooth and gum diseases in postmenopausal women
Estrogen therapy has already been credited with helping women manage an array of menopause-related issues, including reducing hot flashes, improving heart health and bone density, and maintaining levels of sexual satisfaction.

Up to 10 portions of fruit and vegetables a day may prevent 7.8 million premature deaths
A fruit and vegetable intake above five-a-day shows major benefit in reducing the chance of heart attack, stroke, cancer and early death.

MIT undertakes grand challenge for innovation in global vaccine manufacturing
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded a $17.6 million Grand Challenge grant to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University College London, and Kansas University to pursue an innovative research project for global health to create a next-generation manufacturing platform to produce certain vaccines for less than 15 cents a dose.

How do polar bears respond to climate change, subsistence hunting?
A new, two-part project led by the UW's Kristin Laidre aims to explore the interacting effects of climate change and subsistence hunting on polar bears, while also illuminating the cultural value of the species to indigenous peoples and the role they play in conservation.

National dose levels established for 10 common adult CT examinations
Using data from the world's largest CT dose index registry, researchers have established national dose levels for common adult CT examinations based on patient size.

Study finds consumers willing to pay more for 'all-natural' labeled foods
A study published in the Journal of Food Science found that expectations of product quality, nutritional content and the amount of money consumers were willing to pay increased when consumers saw a product labeled 'all-natural' as compared to the same product without the label.

Scientists decipher the nanoscale architecture of a beetle's shell
Ruiguo Yang, assistant professor of mechanical and materials engineering at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and his colleagues found a way to analyze the fibrous nanostructure of a beetle's lightweight but durable shell.

Mathematics supports a new way to classify viruses based on structure
New research supports a structure-based classification system for viruses which could help in the identification and treatment of emerging viruses.

Personalized skin lotions keep disease-causing bacteria at bay
Two new antibiotics that specifically abolished a potentially disease-causing form of Staphylococcus aureus were discovered in the secretions of innocuous bacteria that naturally occupy people's skin, a new study reports.

Brainy teens may be less likely to smoke, but more likely to drink and use cannabis
Brainy teens may be less likely to smoke, but more likely to drink alcohol and use cannabis, than their less academically gifted peers, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

The first Iberian lynx infected by the pseudorabies virus
Matojo, the nine-month-old Iberian lynx cub found dead in 2015 in Extremadura, did not die from natural causes.

Resveratrol may be an effective intervention for lung aging
In a study led by Barbara Driscoll, Ph.D., of The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, researchers demonstrate, for the first time that inhaled resveratrol treatments slow aging-related degenerative changes in mouse lung.

BIDMC scientists survey the state of sleep science
Sleep remains an enduring mystery with major clinical relevance, according to a review by Thomas Scammell, M.D., of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and colleagues.

Proteins in your runny nose could reveal a viral infection
It may seem obvious, but the key to confirming whether someone is suffering from a cold or flu virus might lie at the misery's source -- the inflamed passages of the nose and throat.

Researchers aim to disrupt egg production in dengue- and Zika-spreading mosquito
The mosquito Aedes aegypti, which can spread dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, and yellow fever virus, requires a blood meal to develop eggs.

First detection of an artemisinin-resistant malaria parasite contracted in Africa
KAUST scientists confirm the African origin of a new strain of malaria parasites resistant to the antimalarial drug artemisinin.

How proteins find one another
Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have been studying two proteins that play a vital role in many bodily processes.

Accepting and adapting are keys to sustaining a career after acquired hearing loss
For adults who acquire severe hearing loss, accepting and adapting to the loss play key roles in sustaining a career and thriving in the workplace, new research from Oregon State University indicates.

The never-ending story: Chemicals that outlive -- and harm -- us
Chemical manufacturers have agreed to pay $670 million in damages to people with cancer and other health harm from exposure to a recently phased-out highly fluorinated chemical.

Scientists discover how essential methane catalyst is made
New ways to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into methane gas for energy use are a step closer after scientists discovered how bacteria make a component that facilitates the process.

Precise inactivation of neural messenger receptor wipes out fear memory in mice
A neurotransmitter receptor was inactivated at synapses of the mouse hippocampus using a light-induced method of protein knockdown with enhanced specificity.

Simple rule predicts when an ice age ends
A simple rule can accurately predict when Earth's climate warms out of an ice age, according to new research led by UCL.

Rapid Imaging of Polymers Could Lead to Better Bioimaging
A recent study by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois identifies a method of Quantum Cascade Laser-based (QCL) infrared spectroscopic imaging that provides a more rapid method than conventional Fourier transform infrared imaging (FT-IR) to examine spherulites, large semicrystalline polymer samples, in order to identify chemical and structural properties.

NASA spies Tropical Cyclone 08P's formation
NASA's Aqua satellite spotted Tropical Cyclone 08P as it was developing in the South Pacific Ocean.

Does payer type -- commercial insurance or Medicare -- affect the use of low-value care?
In a first-of-its-kind national study, researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice examined the connection between payer type and low-value care to determine what effect insurance design (commercial insurance vs.

Transplanting good bacteria to kill Staph
University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers screened 10,000 colonies of bacteria found on the epidermis to determine how many had antimicrobial properties and at what rate these are found on healthy and non-healthy skin.

Study says drugs could be developed cheaper and faster
Chemists at the University of Waterloo, SCIEX and Pfizer have discovered a new way to help the pharmaceutical industry identify and test new drugs, which could revolutionize drug development, and substantially reduce the cost and time drugs need to reach their market.

The genetics behind being Not Like Daddy
A common strategy to create high-yielding plants is hybrid breeding.

Atom-scale oxidation mechanism of nanoparticles helps develop anti-corrosion materials
The research group led by Prof. BAO Xinhe from Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered that oxide nanostructures (NSs) with a diameter below 3 nm could exhibit an oxidation resistance much more superior than larger NSs.

Researchers gain insight into a physical phenomenon that leads to earthquakes
Researchers at UPenn provide insight into a phenomenon called ageing that leads to more powerful earthquakes.

CAR T cells more powerful when built with CRISPR, MSK researchers find
Researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center have harnessed the power of CRISPR/Cas9 to create more-potent chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells that enhance tumor rejection in mice.

New discovery is a step towards developing Huntington's disease treatments bef
Early warning signs of Huntington's disease have been uncovered in sheep carrying the human HD mutation, leading the way for new insight into this devastating illness, a new study in Scientific Reports has found.

No spoilers! Most people don't want to know their future
Given the chance to see into the future, most people would rather not know what life has in store for them, even if they think those events could make them happy, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Exposing the realities of eviction
Social scientist Matthew Desmond discusses his NSF-funded work.

Brain scans could help doctors predict adolescents' problem drug use before it starts
Impulsive behavior in teens can go hand in hand with drug use, but the link is weak and doesn't necessarily predict future behavior.

In rare disorder, novel agent stops swelling before it starts
Mount Sinai researcher who treats hereditary angioedema says the drug, a potential game changer, is being studied in larger clinical trial.

Blood ties fuel cooperation among species, not survival instinct
A new Oxford University study has found that survival instinct does not influence species cooperative breeding decisions.

Type 2 diabetes prevented in 80 per cent of at-risk patients thanks to repurposed drug
A weight loss drug has reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 80 per cent compared to placebo, according to a new trial on at-risk patients.

From rocks in Colorado, evidence of a 'chaotic solar system'
Plumbing a 90 million-year-old layer cake of sedimentary rock in Colorado, a team of scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Northwestern University has found evidence confirming a critical theory of how the planets in our solar system behave in their orbits around the sun.

Asthma drugs could prevent prevent deadly form of pneumonia, research suggests
Two drugs used to treat asthma and allergies may offer a way to prevent a form of pneumonia that can kill up to 40 percent of people who contract it, researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have found.

Heart risks in middle age boost dementia risk later in life
Heart disease risk factors in middle age were associated with an increased risk of dementia in later years.

USDA invests $4.8 million in university agricultural programs
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 19 grants totaling $4,790,100 to support agricultural science programs at non-land-grant universities.

Cultivating cool-for-cash-crop
Canola and camelina are cool-season crops that produce oilseeds. Soon they may find a home in California fields as a rotational crop with smart water use and high demand.

Circadian light may relieve depressive symptoms in stroke rehab patients
Circadian lighting should be considered as part of rehabilitation unit environments, researchers said.

Aronowski receives prestigious international stroke science award in research
The 2017 Thomas Willis Award for significant translational contributions to clinical stroke research from the American Heart Association has been awarded to Jaroslaw Aronowski, Ph.D., professor, vice-chair and the Roy M. and Phyllis Gough Huffington Chair in Neurology at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

Lollipop or edible?
Pot brownies may be a thing of the past as there are new edible marijuana products, or edibles, on the market, including chocolates, candies, and cookies.

New study to document Alzheimer's disease risk factors in Latinos
Rush University Medical Center has launched a unique, cohort study called Latino Core to learn about the aging process and risk factors for Alzheimer's disease in older Latino adults.

ACP applauds decision to uphold Maryland assault weapons ban
The American College of Physicians (ACP) applauds Tuesday's decision by the 4th US Circuit Court of Appeals to uphold a Maryland ban on assault weapons.

Critters, plants and waste offer a more sustainable supply of catalysts
From earthworm guts to mining waste, scientists are exploring a wide range of new sources of catalysts that could help us make medicines, fuels and electronics in a more sustainable way.

Sum of their parts: Researchers use math to foster environmental restoration
Resource management boundaries seldom align with environmental systems, which can lead to scale mismatch or spatial misalignments.

New approach to reduce risk of developing type 2 diabetes trialled in Liverpool
An international clinical trial conducted by the University of Liverpool has shown that the drug liraglutide 3.0 mg may reduce diabetes risk by 80 percent in individuals with obesity and prediabetes according to a study published today in The Lancet.

Tai Chi may reduce stroke risk
Weekly Tai Chi exercise sessions may reduce stroke risk by lowering high blood pressure and increasing the good cholesterol, or high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

Is insufficient weight gain during pregnancy associated with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in children
Insufficient weight gain during pregnancy was associated with increased risk for nonaffective psychosis -- or schizophrenia spectrum disorders -- in children later in life in a study that used data on a large group of individuals born in Sweden during the 1980s, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Journal publishing platform ARPHA partners with content recommendation engine TrendMD
Thanks to the new collaboration between content recommendation engine TrendMD and journal publishing platform ARPHA, readers of all journals under Pensoft's imprint, as well as those using the white-label publishing solution provided by the platform, will be given a useful list of recommended articles every time they open an article.

Measuring patients' muscles to predict chemotherapy side effects
Researchers at the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center report in the journal Clinical Cancer Research that measuring patients' muscle mass and quality could potentially help doctors better identify patients at high risk for toxic side effects that could require hospitalizations.

Intensive lowering of systolic blood pressure would prevent 107,500 deaths per year
Intensive treatment to lower systolic (top number) blood pressure to below 120 would prevent 107,500 deaths per year in the United States, according to a study by researchers at Loyola University Chicago and other centers.

Older adults experience similar improvements following surgery for herniated lumbar disk
Although patients 65 years of age or older had more minor complications and longer hospital stays, they experienced improvements in their conditions after surgery for a herniated lumbar disk that were similar to those of younger patients, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

tDCS combined with computer games at home reduces cognitive symptoms of multiple sclerosis
Led by researchers at NYU Langone's Multiple Sclerosis Comprehensive Care Center, a new study reports that participants with multiple sclerosis who used tDCS while playing the cognitive training computer games designed to improve information processing abilities showed significantly greater gains in cognitive measures than those who played the computer games alone.

Uncertainty perception drives public's trust, mistrust of science
Many policies -- from medicine to terrorism -- depend on how the general public accepts and understands scientific evidence.

CancerLinQ partners with premier radiation oncology society
CancerLinQ LLC and the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) are partnering to bring radiation oncology expertise to CancerLinQ and improve the care of cancer patients nationwide.

New research horizons
Two UCSB faculty members receive early career recognition from the Alfred P.

Hidden no more: First-ever global view of transshipment in commercial fishing industry
A new report released today presents the first global map of transshipment, a major pathway for illegally caught and unreported fish to enter the seafood market. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to