Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 27, 2017
Newfound primate teeth take a big bite out of the evolutionary tree of life
Fossil hunters have found part of an ancient primate jawbone related to lemurs -- the primitive primate group distantly connected to monkeys, apes and humans, a USC researcher said.

Could community-based 'Change Clubs' improve heart health in black women?
A new study suggests that civic engagement, in the form of community-based 'Change Clubs,' engages black/African-American women to address nutrition and exercise concerns in their community and motivates them to change their individual behaviors, which may improve heart health.

Coming soon: Oil spill-mapping swarms of flying drones
Partly inspired by the dynamics of a flock of birds, engineers devised a computational method for drones to quickly record whether they are over water, oil or the edge of the spill.

Smart multi-layered magnetic material acts as an electric switch
The nanometric-size islands of magnetic metal sporadically spread between vacuum gaps display unique conductive properties under a magnetic field.

First evidence of rocky planet formation in Tatooine system
Evidence of planetary debris surrounding a double sun, 'Tatooine-like' system has been found for the first time by a UCL-led team of researchers.

Triboelectric nanogenerators boost mass spectrometry performance
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG) convert mechanical energy harvested from the environment to electricity for powering small devices such as sensors or for recharging consumer electronics.

Transforming the carbon economy
A task force commissioned in 2016 by former US Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz has proposed a framework for evaluating R&D on recycling carbon dioxide and removing large amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere.

Genetic variant of p53 gene linked to breast cancer risk in premenopausal African American women
Scientists at The Wistar Institute in collaboration with Roswell Park Cancer Institute found a significant association between a rare genetic variant of the p53 gene present in African American women and their risk of developing breast cancer in premenopausal age.

Drug combination defeats dengue, Ebola in mice, Stanford study finds
A combination of two cancer drugs inhibited both dengue and Ebola virus infections in mice in a study led by Stanford University School of Medicine researchers, despite the fact that these two viruses are vastly different from each other.

New standards for better water quality in Europe
The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) is due to be revised by 2019.

Study finds biomarker for lung cancer detection in the nasal passages of smokers
A new nasal test may allow patients suspected of having lung cancer to undergo a simple swab of their nose to determine if they have the disease.

Trials in humans near for antibody to block cocaine's impact on the brain
A University of Cincinnati (UC) researcher who has developed an immunotherapy to help reverse cocaine addiction that's been successful in animal models says he hopes to have it in clinical trials in human volunteers within a year.

Preventing and treating smoking in children and youth
A first-ever guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care on tobacco use by children and youth aged 5 to 18 years recommends that physicians should play a more active role in the prevention and treatment of cigarette smoking in this age group.

A sustained and controllable insulin release system
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have developed an insulin release system with sustained and controllable delivery.

Better communication key to cutting earthquake death toll, experts say
Communicating earthquake risk has long been a major challenge for scientists.

Do we look like our names? New research says yes
Independent observers beat the odds of guessing a person's true name based on their facial appearance alone, in a series of studies reported in the the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

It may not have been too late to save 'extinct' pigeon
The Passenger Pigeon, a species of pigeon that died out in the early years of the 20th century, could have been saved even after it was considered doomed to extinction.

How donut-shaped fusion plasmas managed to decrease adverse turbulence
In a paper published in EPJ H, Fritz Wagner from the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Germany, gives a historical perspective outlining how our gradual understanding of improved confinement regimes for what are referred to as toroidal fusion plasmas -- confined in a donut shape using strong magnetic fields-- has developed since the 1980s.

Kinase discovery sheds new light on several disease processes
New light on a key factor involved in diseases such as Parkinson's disease, gastric cancer and melanoma has been cast through latest University of Otago, New Zealand, research carried out in collaboration with Australian scientists.

New species of parasitic wasp discovered in the eggs of leaf-rolling weevils in Africa
A new species of parasitic wasp has been obtained from the eggs of weevils associated with bushwillows in northeastern Gabon.

Who gets sunburned? Survey finds risk is greater for young adults with melanin-rich skin
Results from a study published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association point to an urgent need for sunburn prevention among young adults, particularly those who have skin with higher melanin content.

Sound-shaping super-material invented
A super-material that bends, shapes and focuses sound waves that pass through it has been invented by scientists.

Greater prairie chickens cannot persist in Illinois without help, researchers report
An iconic bird whose booming mating calls once reverberated across 'the Prairie State' can survive in Illinois with the help of periodic human interventions, researchers report.

Chemoselective acetalization by a bifuncional cerium phosphate catalyst
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have developed a bifunctional cerium phosphate catalyst for the chemoselective acetalization of biomass-derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural with alcohols.

Humans sparked 84 percent of US wildfires, increased fire season over 2 decades
Humans have dramatically increased the spatial and seasonal extent of wildfires across the US in recent decades and ignited more than 840,000 blazes in the spring, fall and winter seasons over a 21-year period, according to new research.

Bristol-Myers Squibb expands international immuno-oncology network (II-ON)
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company today announced that Columbia University Medical Center and Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre have joined the International Immuno-Oncology Network (II-ON).

Nano 'sandwich' offers unique properties
Nanoclusters of magnesium oxide sandwiched between layers of graphene make a compound with unique electronic and optical properties, according to researchers at Rice University who built computer simulations of the material.

Activated T-cells drive post-heart attack heart failure
Chronic inflammation after a heart attack can promote heart failure and death.

From tools to trash: Marshall's payload stowage team tracks it
For many of us spring cleaning is an annual ritual and it will be here before we know it.

Woodstoves are good for the soul, bad for the heart
The risk of acute myocardial infarction for the elderly living in and around small cities is increased by air pollution caused by biomass burning from woodstoves.

Dogs, toddlers show similarities in social intelligence
University of Arizona researcher Evan MacLean, director of the Arizona Canine Cognition Center, found that dogs and 2-year-old children show similar patterns in social intelligence, much more so than human children and one of their closest relatives: chimpanzees.

Kidney transplant success rates improve in children and infants
The success of kidney transplants has vastly improved for children over the past half-century, with young children now experiencing better long-term transplant success than adults, according to study results from a large pediatric transplant center.

Publicly funding essential medicines for all Canadians could save over $4 billion a year
Universal public coverage of 117 essential medicines could address the needs of most Canadians for pharmaceutical drugs, and possibly save more than $4 billion a year, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

WHO report is 'major step forward' in fight against drug-resistant bacteria
A new report by the World Health Organization lays out, for the first time, which antibiotic-resistant bacteria pose the greatest risk to global health and urgently need new effective treatments.

Super resolution imaging helps determine a stem cell's future
Scientists at Rutgers and other universities have created a new way to identify the state and fate of stem cells earlier than previously possible.

Stars regularly ripped apart by black holes in colliding galaxies
Astronomers based at the University of Sheffield have found evidence that stars are ripped apart by supermassive black holes 100 times more often than previously thought.

Stanford scientists develop new tool to reduce risk of triggering manmade earthquakes
A new software tool can help reduce the risk of triggering manmade earthquakes by calculating the probability that oil and gas injection activities will trigger slip in nearby faults.

Affordable Care Act boosted primary care access for Medicaid patients
Since the introduction of the Affordable Care Act, which provided access to health insurance to millions of previously uninsured adults in the United States, the availability of appointments with primary care physicians has improved for patients with Medicaid and remains unchanged for patients with private coverage, according to new research.

Increased physical activity, lower BMI may lower heart failure risk
Lifestyle patterns, including physical activity and body mass index (BMI), are associated with a risk of overall heart failure but are more strongly associated with the heart failure subtype HFpEF, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Study opens new questions on how the atmosphere and oceans formed
A new study led by The Australian National University has found seawater cycles throughout the Earth's interior down to 2,900km, much deeper than previously thought, reopening questions about how the atmosphere and oceans formed.

New use for paper industry's sludge and fly ash in plastics
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland examined, as part of the EU's Reffibre project, whether new industrial applications could be developed for various types of sludge and fly ash generated by the paper and board industry.

Novel syndrome highlights the importance of rare disease research
Tuesday, Feb. 28, 2017, is Rare Disease Day, and this year's slogan is 'With research, possibilities are limitless.' Disease Models & Mechanisms is marking the day by spotlighting a recent paper on a newly discovered deafness-dystonia syndrome documented in a family from Pakistan.

Faulty genomic pathway linked to schizophrenia developing in utero, study finds
The skin cells of four adults with schizophrenia have provided an unprecedented 'window' into how the disease began while they were still in the womb, according to a recent paper in Schizophrenia Research.

Research could lead to better vaccines and new antivirals
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a new regulator of the innate immune response -- the immediate, natural immune response to foreign invaders.

PolyU & CASIL signed collaborative research framework agreement to advance aerospace engineering
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) and China Aerospace International Holdings Ltd.

Resurrecting extinct species might come at a terrible cost
Bringing back extinct species could lead to biodiversity loss rather than gain, according to work featuring University of Queensland researchers.

Expression of Bax protein and morphological changes in the myocardium in experimental acute pressure overload of the left ventricle
The expression of Bax protein, marker of intracellular pathway of apoptosis initiation, in viable left ventricular cardiomyocytes and morphological changes in the myocardium in acute pressure overload of the left ventricle were studied in experiment on male rabbits.

Recovering predators and prey
Researchers show how simultaneously restoring predators and prey is much faster and more effective than doing so one at a time.

Puzzle of the Maya pendant
A UC San Diego archaeologist found a jade pendant once belonging to an ancient Maya king in what we think of as the provinces of that world.

OU study clarifies risky decision making during a heart attack
In a recent study to determine why some individuals who experience symptoms for acute coronary syndrome decide to seek medical attention more quickly than others, a University of Oklahoma researcher has identified numeracy -- the ability to understand and apply numerical concepts as the primary decision delay risk factor for individuals experiencing the medical condition.

How your brain makes articles go viral
New fMRI research reveals what goes on in the brain when people decide to share news articles with others.

Researchers aim to debunk myths on antioxidant pills, juicing, other dietary fads
Researchers analyzed nutrition studies in a new review published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, which intends to cut through the confusion about the best dietary patterns to reduce heart disease.

How protein misfolding may kickstart chemical evolution
Researchers at Emory University and Georgia Tech demonstrated a connection between abnormal protein folding and the potential to kickstart chemical evolution in two new papers published by Nature Chemistry.

A rose to store energy
A special structure for storing energy known as a supercapacitor has been constructed in a plant for the first time.

Earth probably began with a solid shell
New research in the journal Nature suggests that plate tectonics -- a defining feature of modern Earth and the driving force behind earthquakes, volcanoes and mid-ocean spreading ridges -- did not start until later in Earth's history.

Following dietary recommendations leads to modest heart health improvements
Following current dietary recommendations may lead to small improvements in overall heart health in overweight individuals, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Changes in RNA splicing: a new mechanism for genetic risk in schizophrenia
New research has identified sections of DNA associated with altered regulation of gene expression underlying schizophrenia.

Statins do not benefit patients with lung cancer, new study shows
Cholesterol-lowering drugs used alongside chemotherapy have no effect on treatment outcomes for lung cancer patients, according to a new study.

Volcanic hydrogen spurs chances of finding exoplanet life
Hunting for habitable exoplanets now may be easier: Cornell University astronomers report that hydrogen pouring from volcanic sources on planets throughout the universe could improve the chances of locating life in the cosmos.

Millennials in PR don't feel ready to give companies advice on moral dilemmas, study finds
Millennials pursuing careers in public relations don't feel ready to give advice on moral dilemmas to their companies.

What's really in the water
Through a five-year, $500,000 CAREEER Award from the National Science Foundation, a civil and environmental engineering research group at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering will be developing new DNA sequencing methods to directly measure viral loads in water and better indicate potential threats to human health.

How engineers and scientists can express their ideas clearly and succinctly
'Communicating Science' is a textbook and reference on scientific writing oriented primarily at researchers in the physical sciences and engineering, written from the perspective of an experienced researcher, author, and editor.

Study shows stem cells fiercely abide by innate developmental timing
The mystery of what controls the range of developmental clocks in mammals -- from 22 months for an elephant to 12 days for a opossum -- may lie in the strict time-keeping of pluripotent stem cells for each unique species.

Will naming the Anthropocene lead to acceptance of our planet-level impact?
Does a name in itself have sufficient symbolic power to cause a paradigm shift in how humans perceive our role in the changing geological patterns of the planet?

Detailed Las Vegas earthquake site classifications could lower construction costs
Results of a massive new project to map and classify the earthquake shaking potential across most of the Las Vegas metropolitan area will help developers there build in safer and less expensive ways.

Time for physicians to prepare for impending appropriate use mandate
Within a year, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) will implement a provision in the Protecting Access to Medicare Act that requires physicians to consult appropriate use criteria using CMS-approved computer-based clinical decision support mechanisms when ordering advanced imaging procedures.

$2.5 million fund available for climate change adaptation projects
Through its Climate Adaptation Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society today solicited proposals from nonprofit conservation organizations to explore and implement new methods for helping wildlife adapt to rapidly-shifting environmental conditions brought about by climate change.

Scientists reach back in time to discover some of the most power-packed galaxies
When the universe was young, a supermassive black hole heaved out a jet of particle-infused energy that raced through space at nearly the speed of light.

Taking aim at a key malaria molecule
A team of MIT biological engineers has developed a method to measure levels of heme, a critical iron-containing molecule, inside the parasite that causes malaria.

New studies illustrate how gamers get good
Researchers led by a Brown University computer scientist used data from online video games to study what kinds of practice and habits help people acquire skill.

Materials that emit rainbows
Chemists at Osaka University design material that emits different colors upon mechanical stimulation at unexpectedly high efficiency.

Sponge bacterium found to encapsulate arsenic drawn from environment
A new Tel Aviv University study sheds light on a unique biological model of arsenic detoxification.

Given the choice, patients will reach for cannabis over prescribed opioids
Chronic pain sufferers and those taking mental health meds would rather turn to cannabis instead of their prescribed opioid medication, according to new research by the University of British Columbia and University of Victoria.

Inactivity, excess weight linked to hard-to-treat heart failures
Lack of exercise and excessive weight are strongly associated with a type of heart failure that has a particularly poor prognosis, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers determined in an analysis of data from three large studies.

WSU research advances energy savings for oil, gas industries
A Washington State University research team has improved an important catalytic reaction commonly used in the oil and gas industries.

Humans responsible for more wildfires than lightning, longer season and larger fire niche
A recent first-of-its-kind analysis of wildfire records over 20 years shows that human-started fires accounted for 84 percent of all wildfires, tripled the length of the fire season and dominated an area seven times greater than that affected by lightning-caused fires.

Reducing pressure on predators, prey simultaneously is best for species' recovery
Reducing human pressure on exploited predators and prey at the same time is the best way to help their populations recover, a new study indicates.

Ketogenic diet shown safe and effective option for some with rare and severest form of epilepsy
In a small phase I and II clinical trial, Johns Hopkins researchers and colleagues elsewhere found that the high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet was a safe and effective treatment option for the majority of adults experiencing a relatively rare, often fatal and always severe form of epilepsy marked by prolonged seizures that require medically induced comas to prevent them from further damaging the body and the brain.

Collaborative diabetes clinic lowers health care costs
Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at UC San Diego are running a Diabetes Intensive Medical Management (DIMM) 'tune up' clinic for complex type 2 diabetes patients.

Slower snowmelt in a warming world
As the world warms, mountain snowpack will not only melt earlier, it will also melt more slowly, according to a new study by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

Light beam replaces blood test during heart surgery
Light beamed into a patient's blood through an optical fiber can determine whether blood is clotting during an operation, continuously and in real time.

Science builds bridges, not walls, diplomacy experts tell UA audience
From eradicating weapons of mass destruction to the scourge of malaria, the speakers at a recent University of Arizona conference -- including a Nobel laureate, ambassadors and advisers to secretaries of state -- know firsthand how science can build trust where politics cannot.

Care by physicians & non-physician clinicians does not differ in community health centers
A new study examining patient health outcomes in community health centers found that nurse practitioners and physician assistants delivered care that was equivalent to care delivered by physicians.

Medication improves obesity-associated gene expression in mice
This week in the JCI, research led by Mitch Lazar at the Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania shows that rosiglitazone, an a diabetes medication, corrects alterations in gene expression in the fat cells of obese mice.

Invasive and native marsh grasses may provide similar benefits to protected wetlands
An invasive species of marsh grass that spreads, kudzu-like, throughout North American wetlands, may provide similar benefits to protected wetlands as native marsh grasses.

Matching up fruit flies, mushroom toxins and human health
Some fruit flies build up tolerance to the toxin alpha-amanitin; the genetic mechanisms behind this adaptation link to an important metabolic pathway.

How after-hours trading sheds light on investor sentiment
Omri Even Tov, an assistant professor of accounting at UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business, found that overnight market activity -- between the time the market closes and re-opens the next day -- provides a goldmine of information about investor sentiment at the firm level, or pertaining to specific stocks rather than the broader market.

What outcomes are associated with early preventive dental care among Medicaid-enrolled children in Alabama
Preventive dental care provided by a dentist for children before the age of 2 enrolled in Medicaid in Alabama was associated with more frequent subsequent treatment for tooth decay, more visits and more spending on dental care compared with no early preventive dental care for children, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Planned protection area would help basking sharks
A proposed Marine Protected Area off Scotland's west coast would help basking sharks, researchers say.

New technology offers fast peptide synthesis
MIT researchers have designed a machine that can rapidly produce large quantities of customized peptides.

Do you look like your name? People can match names to faces of strangers with surprising accuracy
If your name is Fred, do you look like a Fred?

Bioinspired process makes materials light, robust, programmable at nano- to macro-scale
A new bioinspired process combines top-down and bottom-up assembly to turn silk protein into materials that are easily programmable at the nano-, micro- and macro-scales; ultralight; and robust.

Good news for kids with epilepsy
There's good news for kids with epilepsy. While several new drugs have come out in the last several years for adults with epilepsy, making those drugs available for children and teenagers has been delayed due to the challenges of testing new drugs on children.

Tracking the movement of cyborg cockroaches
New research offers insights into how far and how fast cyborg cockroaches -- or biobots -- move when exploring new spaces.

Autism risk genes linked to evolving brain
Genetic variants linked to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may have been positively selected during human evolution because they also contribute to enhanced cognition, a new Yale study suggests.

Brain imaging headband measures how our minds align when we communicate
Past research has revealed that our brains synchronize when listening to the same idea or story.

Molecule stops fatal pediatric brain tumor
Northwestern Medicine scientists have found a molecule that stops the growth of an aggressive pediatric brain tumor.

Keeping our cool in space
The Two-Phase Flow investigation looks at the heat transfer characteristics of how boiling liquids turn into vapor in microgravity.

How to reduce the environmental impact of a loaf of bread?
With an estimated 12 million loaves sold in the UK every year, bread remains a staple of the British diet.

Clinical trial supports use of novel preventive therapy for dangerous swelling disorder
A clinical trial for a new drug to prevent attacks of hereditary angioedema -- a rare disorder characterized by recurrent swelling of tissues in the face, hands, gastrointestinal tract and airway -- has had promising results.

Investigating star formation is UMass Amherst researcher's mission
University of Massachusetts Amherst astrophysicist Stella Offner, who has received a five-year, $429,000 faculty early career development (CAREER) grant from National Science Foundation (NSF), plans to use it not only to study how stars are born, but also to develop interactive online astronomy 'tours' to enhance K-12 science education in local schools.

Angiography: Miniature particle accelerator saves on contrast agents
The most prevalent method for obtaining images of clogged coronary vessels is coronary angiography.

Online security apps focus on parental control, not teen self-regulation
Mobile apps designed to keep teens safe online are overwhelmingly focused on parental control, which may be only a short-term solution that hinders a teen's ability to learn coping strategies in the long run.

Kids want parental help with online risk, but fear parental freak outs
In a study, teens rarely talked to their parents about potentially risky online experiences.

New mech­an­ism un­der­ly­ing epi­lepsy found
Prolonged convulsive seizures alter the way nerve cells react to the main neurotransmitters in the brain.

Study sheds light on B.C. youths' experiences with mental health services
Through interview excerpts with youth who have experienced first episode psychosis, the study highlights the impacts of mental health services on these young people, including their interactions with psychiatrists, case managers, social workers and supports for housing, recreation, and employment.

Spontaneous 'dust traps': Astronomers discover a missing link in planet formation
Planets are thought to form in the disks of dust and gas found around young stars.

Pacemaker function may be impacted by electric appliances; tools
Electric and magnetic fields generated from everyday household appliances, electrical tools and more, used in very close proximity to the body, can interfere with the ability of pacemakers to regulate patients' heartbeats.

A traffic cop for the cell surface: Researchers illuminate a basic biological process
A Colorado State University team of single-molecule biophysicists and biochemists have shed light on a long-obscured cellular process: a mammalian cell membrane's relationship with a scaffolding underneath it, the cortical actin cytoskeleton.

Children's Hospital Colorado research finds ski helmets lessens severity of injuries
New research from Children's Hospital Colorado (Children's Colorado) focused on helmet safety and injury prevention among young skiers and snowboarders.

Pregnancy-specific β1-glycoproteins
Development of new strategies and novel drug design to treat trophoblastic diseases and to provide pregnancy success are of crucial importance in maintenance the female reproductive health.

World-first genetic clues point to risk of blindness
Australian scientists have discovered the first evidence of genes that cause Macular Telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel), a degenerative eye disease which leads to blindness and is currently incurable and untreatable.

Study aims to see how children with cochlear implants learn words
A new study at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center is examining how children with cochlear implants learn new words differently than children with normal hearing.

Largest study of factors affecting African-Americans with cancer announced in Detroit
The Karmanos Cancer Institute and Wayne State University School of Medicine will launch the nation's largest study of African-American cancer survivors to better understand disproportionately high incidence and mortality from cancer and its impact on this specific patient population.

Hitgen and Cancer Research UK's Manchester Institute enter license agreement in lung cancer
Cancer Research UK, Cancer Research Technology (CRT), the charity's commercial arm, and HitGen Ltd, a privately held biotech company focused on early drug discovery, announced today that they have entered into a licence agreement to develop a novel class of drugs against lung cancer.

Nutrient Sensor Challenge winners to be announced at ASLO conference March 2
The winners of the Nutrient Sensor Challenge will be announced at a special awards session at the Association for the Sciences of Limnology & Oceanography Aquatic Sciences (ASLO) meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii, on Thursday, March 2, at 5:30 p.m.

Common bacterium may help control disease-bearing mosquitoes
Genes from a common bacterium can be harnessed to sterilize male insects, a tool that can potentially control populations of both disease-bearing mosquitoes and agricultural pests, researchers at Yale University and Vanderbilt University report in related studies published Feb.

Forests to play major role in meeting Paris climate targets
Forests are set to play a major role in meeting the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement -- however, accurately monitoring progress toward the 'below 2°C' target requires a consistent approach to measuring the impact of forests on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

International team reports ocean acidification spreading rapidly in Arctic Ocean
Ocean acidification (OA) is spreading rapidly in the western Arctic Ocean in both area and depth, according to new interdisciplinary research reported in Nature Climate Change by a team of international collaborators, including University of Delaware professor Wei-Jun Cai.

ZeitZeiger: Computer tells the time according to your body clock
A computer method called ZeitZeiger that uses a sample of blood to accurately predict circadian time -- the time of day according to a person's body clock -- is described in new research published in the open access journal Genome Medicine.

3-D-printed bioabsorbable scaffold for ACL reconstruction with bone regeneration
Researchers have designed a 3-D-printed porous scaffold for use in reconstructing ruptured anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL) in the knee and engineered it to deliver a human bone-promoting protein over an extended period of time to improve bone regeneration.

Gauging ACA's effect on primary care access
A new research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine assessed the Affordable Care Act's effect on primary care access because millions of uninsured adults have gotten health insurance since major coverage provisions were implemented.

New cancer drug targets cellular garbage disposal
A promising new cancer treatment causes cancer cells to fill up with discarded proteins and thus self-destruct.

Frequent, personalized CA125 testing may help detect ovarian cancer in high-risk women
The combined results of two ovarian cancer screening trials suggest that a personalized strategy involving frequent screening of high-risk women could improve the chance that tumors are detected at early stages when they are easier to treat.

Universal public coverage of essential medicines would improve access, save billions
Publicly funding essential medicines could cover the cost of nearly half of all prescriptions in Canada, removing financial barriers for Canadians while saving $3 billion per year.

Effects of genes often influenced by network
When many genes regulate a single trait, they commonly work together in large clusters or 'networks.' Taking this into account allows better predictions of how an individual's genetic make-up affects the trait concerned.

Doctors should discuss herbal medication use with heart disease patients
Physicians should be well-versed in the herbal medications heart disease patients may take to be able to effectively discuss their clinical implications, potential benefits and side effects -- despite a lack of scientific evidence to support their use, according to a review paper published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

First CRISPR single-nucleotide edited transgenic mice
It is technically challenging to replace a single nucleotide with the current gene editing tool, CRISPR-Cas9.

NSF CAREER award for bio-inspired research of burrowing animals
Dr. Junliang (Julian) Tao, assistant professor in civil engineering, has won a NSF CAREER Award.

First public data release by the HSC Subaru strategic program
The first dataset from the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program (HSC-SSP) was released to the public on Feb.

Study reveals ways powerful 'master gene' regulates physical differences between sexes
A study by scientists at Indiana University has found that the master gene that regulates differences between males and females plays a complex role in matching the right physical trait to the right sex.

New tool for combating mosquito-borne disease: Insect parasite genes
Discovery of the genes the insect parasite Wolbachia uses to control its hosts' reproduction provides a powerful new tool for enhancing biological control efforts for mosquito-borne diseases like dengue, Zika and malaria. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to