Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 28, 2017
FASEB Science Research Conference: Mitochondrial Biogenesis
The central role of mitochondria in normal cell physiology is evident from human diseases, including metabolic disorders and aging, which are associated with changes in mitochondrial function.

As radiation therapy declined so did second cancers in childhood cancer survivors
Childhood cancer survivors are living longer. Now research shows they are also less likely to develop second cancers while still young.

Miniature organisms in the sand play big role in our ocean
In the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Jeroen Ingels, a researcher at the FSU Coastal and Marine Laboratory, explains that small organisms called meiofauna that live in the sediment provide essential services to human life such as food production and nutrient cycling.

UNC Lineberger launches innovative cellular immunotherapy program
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center has opened two cellular immunotherapy trials.

Mammography trends show improved cancer detection, more biopsies
The shift from film to digital technology appears to have improved cancer detection rates for diagnostic mammography, but also has increased the abnormal interpretation rate, which may lead to more women undergoing biopsies for benign conditions, according to a new study.

Cell 'stickiness' could indicate metastatic potential
How strongly tumor cells adhere to the surrounding tissue could indicate the likelihood that cancer will spread to other parts of the body, according to a study published in Biophysical Journal.

Inhaler users get about half as much medicine as they should from each puff
Tens of millions of Americans use aerosol inhalers each day, and new studies by Rice University electrical engineers and pulmonologists from Baylor College of Medicine have identified critical errors that are causing many inhaler users to get only about half as much medicine as they should from each puff.

Regions differ in Indigenous acknowledgement at Canadian universities
Acknowledgement of Indigenous lands, treaties and peoples vary at universities across Canada, finds a new study from the University of British Columbia, the first academic study of its kind.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Protein Kinases and Protein Phosphorylation
This conference focuses on the biology of protein kinases and phosphorylation signaling.

Researchers coax particles to form vortices using magnetic fields
Researchers at Argonne created tiny swirling vortices out of magnetic particles, providing insight into the behavior that governs such systems -- which opens up new opportunities for materials and devices with new properties.

Study shows how information sources affect voters
For all the fact-checking and objective reporting produced by major media outlets, voters in the US nonetheless rely heavily on their pre-existing views when deciding if politicians' statements are true or not, according to a new study co-authored by MIT scholars.

Sleepovers with stuffed animals help children learn to read
Sending stuffed animals for a sleepover at the library encourages children to read with them, even long after the sleepover took place, say researchers in a new study in Heliyon.

See how Zika infection changes a human cell
The Zika virus taking hold of the inner organelles of human liver and neural stem cells has been captured via light and electron microscopy.

Exploring the mysteries of supercooled water
Despite its omnipresence, water has many physical properties that are still not completely understood by the scientific community.

WSU looks for practices to thwart antimicrobial resistance
Washington State University scientists are addressing growing global concern about the spread of antimicrobial resistance in Africa.

CHLA researcher awarded $1.7 million to study heart regeneration
Ching-Ling (Ellen) Lien, PhD, an investigator at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, has been awarded nearly $1.7 million, over a four year period, from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study the molecular and cellular mechanisms of the heart's circulatory system.

Study finds no evidence of common herpes type virus in aggressive brain cancer tissue
In a rigorous study of tumor tissue collected from 125 patients with aggressive brain cancers, researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have found no evidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and conclude that a link between the two diseases, as claimed by earlier reports, likely does not exist.

Compared to type 1, children with type 2 diabetes more likely to experience complications as teens
Among teenagers and young adults who had been diagnosed with diabetes during childhood or adolescence, the prevalence of diabetes-related complications was higher among those with type 2 than with type 1, but complications were frequent in both groups, according to a study appearing in the Feb.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Hematologic Malignancies
This SRC focuses on bringing together biochemists, geneticists, molecular biologists and clinicians interested in the pathophysiology of the leukemias and lymphomas, and the development of novel therapies for these diseases.

Transgender and gender-fluid teens left with few safe harbors
Transgender and gender-fluid teens, particularly those born male, face up to three times more mental and physical abuse at school and at home than their gender-conforming peers, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley.

Calculating recharge of groundwater more precisely
Researchers demonstrate that current models underestimate role of subsurface heterogeneity.

Risk of subsequent malignancies reduced among childhood cancer survivors
Although the risk of subsequent malignancies for survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed in the 1990s remains increased, the risk is lower compared with those diagnosed in the 1970s, a decrease that is associated with a reduction in therapeutic radiation dose, according to a study appearing in the Feb.

Climate research needs greater focus on human populations
How climate change will affect future populations will depend to a great extent on people's capacity to adapt to changing conditions.

New treatment target identified for aggressive lymphomas
Findings by CNIC scientists have the potential to generate the first miRNA-analog-based therapy for B cell lymphomas.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Mechanism and Regulation of Prokaryotic Transcription
This SRC will focus on the process of transcription in prokaryotes, from structure/function investigations to transcription networks and system level regulation.

Testing program monitors stability of vaccines for neglected tropical diseases
A new generation of vaccines for neglected tropical diseases is moving into clinical trials, and understanding the long-term stability and effectiveness of these vaccines over periods of storage is key to their success.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Components in Human Milk
Breastfeeding is the normative standard for infant nutrition, and clinical and epidemiological data support clear health benefits for the mother and infant.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Autoimmunity
The FASEB Science Research Conference for Autoimmunity has an uninterrupted tradition of over 20 years and offers a broad overview of recent advances in the field of autoimmunity in a highly interactive environment.

Body of knowledge to provide foundations for training next generation of cyber security specialists
A comprehensive 'Body of Knowledge' to inform and underpin education and professional training for the cyber security sector is set to be created through a major international program of work.

To maximize a child's development, genetics provide important insight
A child's genetic make-up can play a large, hidden role in the success of efforts to maximize his or her development, South African research suggests.

Treatment of malignant brain tumor in children gets closer
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have identified important mechanisms underlying how a special type of malignant brain tumor arises in children.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Reversible Acetylation on Health and Disease
Over the past few years, the 'epigenetic' regulation of the genome has become increasingly important to understanding both the etiology and fundamental mechanisms of aging and age-related diseases.

New target for Parkinson's disease identified by Emory researchers
Emory investigators have discovered a novel link between a protein called SV2C and Parkinson's disease (PD).

NASA study hints at possible change in water 'fingerprint' of comet
A trip past the sun may have selectively altered the production of one form of water in a comet -- an effect not seen by astronomers before, a new NASA study suggests.

American Gastroenterological Association releases Obesity Practice Guide
Patients with obesity need a multidisciplinary approach to achieve a healthy weight, and the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) believes that gastroenterologists are in a unique position to lead the care team.

Increased incidence of bleeding near the brain linked to increased use of anti-clotting drugs
An increased incidence in Denmark of subdural hematoma (a bleed located within the skull, but outside the brain) from 2000 to 2015 appears to be associated with the increased use of antithrombotic drugs, such as low-dose aspirin, vitamin K antagonists (e.g., warfarin), clopidogrel, and oral anticoagulants, according to a study appearing in the Feb.

Tanning devices cost US healthcare $343 million a year
Tanning devices cost the US $343.1 million a year in medical costs because of the skin cancers their use is associated with, according to a new study published in the Journal of Cancer Policy.

Calculating recharge of groundwater more precisely
An international team of researchers has demonstrated that key processes in models used for the global assessment of water resources for climate change are currently missing.

Early warning signs might have been missed in 1 in 6 heart attack deaths in England
Heart attack symptoms might have been missed in many patients admitted to hospital, according to a study on all heart attack hospital admissions and deaths in England.

A better way to measure the stiffness of cancer cells
Biomedical engineers at Duke have discovered a way to detect signs of cancer on a cell-by-cell basis using two lasers and a camera.

Women may be at higher risk for sports-related concussion than men
Women athletes are 50 percent more likely than male athletes to have a sports-related concussion, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 69th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017.

Optical generation of ultrasound via photoacoustic effect
Limitations of the piezoelectric array technologies conventionally used for ultrasonics inspired researchers to explore an alternative mechanism for generating ultrasound via light (the photoacoustic effect).

Combination of ground-breaking treatments offer powerful new path for blood cancer therapies
Researchers at Monash University and Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre have identified for the first time how a new class of epigenetic drug engages with the immune system to kill off cancer cells, offering powerful new pathways for enhanced blood cancer therapies.

Unlocking the secrets of the Achilles' heel
Walking, running, sprinting -- every movement of the foot stretches the Achilles' tendon.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Protein Lipidation
This SRC will focus on biochemical, structural and cellular mechanisms of fatty acylation, prenylation, and post-prenylation processing of proteins, emerging therapeutics, the transport of intracellular lipids, and the importance of protein-lipid interactions for cellular signaling at specialized membrane domains and its relevance in disease.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Growth Hormone/Prolactin
This SRC will bring together international scientists from academia and industry for lively discussions on the latest developments in the growth hormone (GH)/prolactin (PRL) family of hormones and their clinical applications.

New test distinguishes 'tigers' from 'pussycats' in prostate cancer
A new test has been developed to make the vital distinction between aggressive and less harmful forms of prostate cancer, helping to avoid sometimes-damaging unnecessary treatment.

Walnuts may support sperm health, according to new animal research
New animal research suggests eating a walnut-enriched diet may improve sperm quality by reducing lipid peroxidation, a process that can damage sperm cells.

Differences in sex and running ability influence declines in marathon performance, study finds
A person's sex and running ability play a role in the decline of their performance in marathons as they get older, according to a Georgia State University study.

Genes may influence susceptibility to interventions promoting maternal-infant attachment
Infants with a genetic polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene may be more susceptible to a psychosocial intervention designed to promote maternal-infant attachment in South Africa, according to a study in PLOS Medicine.

Another step in understanding antipsychotic medication
Antipsychotic drugs are used for the treatment of mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Happy notes, happy memories
Happy memories spring to mind much faster than sad, scary or peaceful ones.

Two migration proteins boost predictive value of pancreatic cancer biomarker
Adding two blood-borne proteins associated with cancer cell migration increases the predictive ability of the current biomarker for pancreatic cancer to detect early stage disease, a research team from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reports in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

From heroin addiction to alcohol-related problems
Methadone programs and long-term therapy using other opioids evidently work.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Gastrointestinal Tract XVII
Our understanding of the biology of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract--including the microbiota, epithelial/stem cell biology, mucosal immunology, microbiology, and barrier physiology--is evolving at a rapid pace.

Major funding boost to develop healthcare and extreme environment robotics
The development of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (RAI) technologies to improve the way we care for the sick and elderly, and deal with hazardous environments have received a major boost with more than £17.3 million of investment.

A minimally invasive tool to measure muscle impairment
A minimally invasive, fiber-optic technique that accurately measures the passive stretch and twitch contraction of living muscle tissue could someday be an alternative to the painful muscle biopsies used to diagnose and treat movement disorders, researchers report in Biophysical Journal.

Elsevier announces the launch of Burns Open
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, has announced the launch of Burns Open: An International Open Access Journal for Burn Injuries.

FASEB Science Research Conference: From Unfolded Proteins
This SRC focuses on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and its functions.

Declining Arctic sea ice influences European weather -- but isn't a cause of colder winters
The dramatic loss of Arctic sea ice through climate change is unlikely to lead to more severe winter weather across Northern Europe, new research has shown.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Rapid Signaling and Genomic Steroid Hormone
Steroid hormone action impacts many aspects of physiology and disease states.

Did seaweed make us who we are today?
Millions of years ago something happened, allowing early Homo sapiens to branch out from the primitive hominoid family tree.

FASEB Science Research Conference: NAD + Metabolism & Signaling 2017
NAD and its metabolites are important regulators of cancer, metabolic disease, autoimmunity, and aging.

Nonsurgical treatment can correct congenital ear malformations in infants
For infants with congenital malformations of the ear, a treatment system called EarWell can gently reshape the ear -- avoiding the pain and cost of later surgery, reports a study in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

Open Science Prize goes to software tool for tracking viral outbreaks
After three rounds of competition -- one of which involved a public vote -- a software tool developed by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Basel to track Zika, Ebola and other viral disease outbreaks in real time has won the first-ever international Open Science Prize.

Racial, ethnic, gender bias occurs in pathway from teacher to principal
A University of Texas at Arlington College of Education researcher shows in a new study that race and sex still matter when public school teachers seek to become principals.

Using Google to map our ecosystem
Researchers in the Singapore-ETH Centre's Future Cities Laboratory developed a method to quantify ecosystem services of street trees.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Ion Channel Regulation
This SRC will highlight the latest research on mechanisms of ion channel regulation and its impact on the physiology of diverse cell types.

Mathematical theorem finds gerrymandering in Pennsylvania congressional district maps
Pennsylvania's congressional district maps are almost certainly the result of gerrymandering according to an analysis based on a new mathematical theorem on bias in Markov Chains developed by Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh mathematicians.

Genetic variant linked to overactive inflammatory response
Researchers at Cardiff University have discovered that genetic variation is the reason why some immune systems overreact to viruses.

Large discrepancy between what insurance companies pay for knee and hip implants, hospital purchase
The total payments insurance companies pay for knee and hip implants were twice as high as the average selling prices at which hospitals purchased the implants from manufacturers, resulting in hundreds of millions of dollars of additional insurance claims, according to a study appearing in the Feb.

DNA from taxidermy specimens explains genetic structure of British and Irish goats
Modern-day British and Irish goats used in agriculture lack genetic diversity.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Regulation and Function of Small GTPases
This SRC provides an interactive forum that covers the latest developments in the small GTPase field and presents the newest technological advancements that are being used to unravel the complex roles of small GTPases in human health and disease.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Mechanisms in Plant Development
This SRC is an important and unique conference at the intersection of plant development, signaling, cell biology, modeling and genomics.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Mobile DNA in Mammalian Genomes
This SRC is focused on the dynamic nature of mobile DNAs in mammalian genomes and their phenotypic impacts.

Study finds new link between childhood abuse and adolescent misbehavior
An important learning process is impaired in adolescents who were abused as children, a University of Pittsburgh researcher has found, and this impairment contributes to misbehavior patterns later in life.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Intestinal Lipid Transport and Metabolism
Intestinal lipid transport and metabolism is of high interest as deregulation of these pathways can directly contribute to several pathologies such as obesity, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Study finds preliminary recovery of coastal sharks in southeast US
Population gains follow enactment of fishing regulations in the early 1990s after decades of declining shark numbers.

Study finds gender gap at Toronto research institution
A review initiated by St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto found that a significant gender gap exists at its research institute.

NJIT alumnus offers a real meal deal
Six different cuisines with 30 combos all served hot within 90 seconds, and patrons need only pick, swipe and eat.

Shedding new light on the evolution of the squid
Octopus, cuttlefish and squid are well known in the invertebrate world.

Lithium-ion battery inventor introduces new technology for fast-charging, noncombustible batteries
A team of engineers led by 94-year-old John Goodenough, professor in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin and co-inventor of the lithium-ion battery, has developed the first all-solid-state battery cells that could lead to safer, faster-charging, longer-lasting rechargeable batteries for handheld mobile devices, electric cars and stationary energy storage.

The oldest fossil giant penguin
Together with colleagues from New Zealand, Senckenberg scientist Dr. Gerald Mayr described a recently discovered fossil of a giant penguin with a body length of around 150 centimeters.

Concerns over inconsistent palliative care provision across England
Palliative and end-of-life care are not being considered as core services by clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) in some parts of England, with a vast degree of variation across different services and regions, reveals an analysis published in BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care.

Road salt alternatives alter aquatic ecosystems
Organic additives found in road salt alternatives -- such as those used in the commercial products GeoMelt and Magic Salt -- act as a fertilizer to aquatic ecosystems, promoting the growth of algae and organisms that eat algae, according to new research published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology.

Book reveals why support of US global war on terror has been lukewarm
If President Donald Trump's administration plans to pressure Muslim states into supporting the US global war on terror, they would be wise to consider the findings in a new book showing showing historically weaker counterterrorism support from countries where the religion-state balance leans toward the former.

Lead dressed like gold
Princeton researchers have taken a different approach to alchemists' ancient goal to transmute elements by making one material behave that another.

NYU researchers coax colloidal spheres to self-assemble into photonic crystals
It is difficult to make colloidal spheres self-assemble into photonic crystals, which are valued for their optical properties.

A multidisciplinary approach to addressing health disparities and inequities
This SRC will focus on improving our understanding of the scientific (basic, socioeconomic, clinical, health policy) basis of disparities in cardiovascular health outcomes in the US with a view to addressing the challenges posed at every level including complementary and integrative health.

Rare proteins collapse earlier
Some organisms are able to survive in hot springs, while others can only live at mild temperatures because their proteins aren't able to withstand such extreme heat.

Game-theoretic model combines strategic and technical aspects of cyber attribution
How should nations respond to cyber attacks? According to a new game-theoretic model, the best strategic choice depends on the vulnerability of the attacker, the victim's knowledge level, the potential payoff for various outcomes and the beliefs each player has about its attacker.

New report assesses VA's airborne hazards and open burn pit registry
Inherent features of registries that rely on voluntary participation and self-reported information make them fundamentally unsuitable for determining whether emissions from military burn pits in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other locations in Southwest Asia caused health problems in service members who were exposed to them, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Strong evidence supports the association between obesity and some major types of cancer
Strong evidence supports the association between obesity and some major types of cancer, consisting mainly of those related to digestive organs and hormone-related malignancies, reveals a large review published by The BMJ today.

Study finds secret to diverse forests' super success
We've long known that diverse stands of trees tend to be more productive than monocultures.

UA infectious disease researcher receives prestigious fellowship
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has selected Kacey Ernst, Ph.D., M.P.H., associate professor of epidemiology in the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, as a 2017-2018 Public Engagement Fellow.

FASEB Science Research Conference: GRKs and Arrestins
This SRC provides an interactive forum to discuss current developments in the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) field with a particular focus on GPCR kinases (GRKs) and arrestins.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Signal Transduction in the Immune System
This Science Research Conference will focus on the most recent advances in the fields of signal transduction in the immune system, with an emphasis on the coupling of signaling to differentiation pathways, the development of new technologies for understanding and imaging signaling, interactions between metabolism and lymphocyte activation and differentiation, signaling through mechanotransduction, and signaling through immunomodulatory receptors in cancer.

UA researchers see promise in light therapy to treat chronic pain
Chronic pain afflicts over 100 million people across the United States.

Frogs have unique ability to see color in the dark
The night vision of frogs and toads appears to be superior to that of all other animals.

Biofuel produced by microalgae
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have identified unique lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases as being the central enzymes for triacylglycerol synthesis by oleaginous alga Nannochloropsis, thus uncovering the mechanisms of biofuel production in microalgae.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Glucose Transport: Gateway for Metabolic Systems Biology
This SRC will provide a lively mix of glucose transporter biology, metabolic regulation, and systems biology methods with multiple lectures that feature disease translational themes.

Arts and humanities in progress
The book aims to introduce a research concept called 'Numanities, 'as one possible attempt to overcome the current scientific, social and institutional crisis of the humanities.

Study finds police use out of court resolutions in over 5,000 domestic abuse cases
A study published in the British Journal of Criminology investigated the nature and extent of UK police use of 'out of court resolutions' in cases of domestic abuse and found that many forces are potentially putting lives at risk.

NMR spectroscopy platform to target the development of new therapeutic agents
Implementation of a new nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy platform will provide professors Nicolas Doucet and Steven LaPlante of Centre INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier with a powerful new tool for conducting an ambitious research program aimed at identifying new therapeutic molecules.

The farm of the future? (video)
There's a new trend in agriculture called vertical farming. Familiar farms are outside with horizontal fields.

Researchers discover how breast cancer mutation in BRCA1 causes protein to self-destruct
Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute found that breast cancer cells can trigger the self-destruction of the tumor-suppressing BRCA1 proteins.

Adolescents with autism four times more likely to visit emergency department
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) use emergency-department services four times as often as their peers without autism, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Molecular Mechanisms
This SRC focuses on molecular mechanisms underlying fundamental aspects of immune cell biology.

Children and youth learning English require better support for academic success
Despite their potential, many English learners (ELs) -- who account for more than 9 percent of K-12 enrollment in the US -- lag behind their English-speaking monolingual peers in educational achievement, in part because schools do not provide adequate instruction and social-emotional support to acquire English proficiency or access to academic subjects at the appropriate grade level, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Chiral metamaterial produces record optical shift under incremental power modulation
Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have demonstrated an optical metamaterial whose chiroptical properties in the nonlinear regime produce a significant spectral shift with power levels in the milliwatt range.

Existence of a new quasiparticle demonstrated
How do molecules rotate in a solvent? Answering this question is a complicated task since the rotation is perturbed by a large number of surrounding atoms, requiring large-scale computer simulations which are sometimes infeasible.

New approach to treating Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) in South Korea have introduced a new approach to treat Alzheimer's disease.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Lysophospholipid and Related Mediators
This is the leading international conference in lysophospholipid biology, attracting participants from all continents.

May smartphones help to maintain memory in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease?
May SmartPhones Help to maintain memory in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease?

Sustainable ceramics without a kiln
ETH Zurich material scientists have developed a new method of manufacturing ceramics that does not require the starting materials to be fired.

Youth with type 2 diabetes develop complications more often than type 1 peers
Teens and young adults with type 2 diabetes develop kidney, nerve, and eye diseases -- as well as some risk factors for heart disease -- more often than their peers with type 1 diabetes in the years shortly after diagnosis.

Super plants need super ROOTS
Researchers from Sandia National Laboratories, The University of New Mexico and the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology will adapt previously developed sensors to monitor root function and plant health in new, noninvasive ways

Do cells have exotic vibrational properties?
A little-understood biological property that appears to allow cell components to store energy on their outer edges is the possible key to developing a new class of materials and devices to collect, store and manage energy for a variety of applications, a team of researchers at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Yeshiva University has proposed.

Hospital floors may pose a larger health risk than previously thought
Hospital room floors may be an overlooked source of infection, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

Study explores HPV vaccine acceptability in sexual minorities
Human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes genital warts and can lead to several cancers, is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections, affecting about 630 million people worldwide.

Banded mongooses go to war over sex and territory
Gang warfare is not unique to humans -- banded mongooses do it too.

Unique structure of African swine fever virus enzyme may allow drug development
A DNA-copying protein from a lethal pig virus has a unique structure that may offer a target for drugs designed to combat this important agricultural disease, according to a study publishing Feb.

Secrets of the calcerous ooze revealed
By growing phytoplankton called coccolithophores in the lab, scientists were able to understand the large biological overprint on the climate signal encoded by their remains, clearing the way for their use as climate proxies.

Male poison frogs become cannibals after taking over territories
Systematic 'infanticide' of unrelated young occurs in several animal species.

Breakthrough research for testing and arranging vertical axis wind turbines
Often grouped in wind farms, horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWTs) provide significant amounts of energy for local communities, but they can take up a lot of space.

FSU researcher to lead US-Russia project on health, space travel
A Florida State University researcher will lead a joint US-Russia project that will examine the effect of space travel on astronauts' vision, an ongoing problem that NASA has been eager to solve.

WSU mathematician breaks down how to defend against quantum computing attacks
WSU mathematician Nathan Hamlin is the author of a new paper that explains how a code he wrote for a doctoral thesis, the Generalized Knapsack Code, could thwart hackers armed with next generation quantum computers.

FASEB Science Research Conference: The TGF-β Superfamily
This SRC is an important and unique scientific conference where the pivotal role of TGF-β family members, including TGF-βs, nodal, activins, BMPs, and GDFs, in developmental, homeostatic, and pathological processes is explored through formal talks, poster sessions, and interactive and intensive scientific discussion sessions.

Study finds colorectal cancer rates have risen dramatically in Gen X and millennials
ACS investigators find that compared to people born around 1950, when colorectal cancer risk was lowest, those born in 1990 have double the risk of colon cancer and quadruple the risk of rectal cancer.

Addison's patients lack killer immune cells -- study
Research led by University of Birmingham scientists has found that people suffering from the adrenal disorder known as Addison's disease suffer from an immune system defect which makes them prone to potentially deadly respiratory infections.

New pregnancy testing technique needs limits says ethics body
A new report on non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) calls for better information and support; calls for a moratorium on the use of NIPT in sequencing the whole genome of fetuses; and calls for a ban on its use in finding out the sex of the fetus.

Aggression disorder linked to greater risk of substance abuse
People with intermittent explosive disorder (IED) -- a condition marked by frequent physical or verbal outbursts -- are at five times greater risk for abusing substances such as alcohol, tobacco and marijuana than those who don't display frequent aggressive behavior, according to a new study by researchers from the University of Chicago.

First direct measurements of Pacific seabed sediments reveal strong methane source
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have discovered a major source of an important greenhouse gas in the Tropical Pacific Ocean for the first time.

Liver tumor growth in mice slowed with new chemo-immunotherapy treatment
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common form of liver cancer, but treatment options are limited and many patients are diagnosed in late stages when the disease can't be treated.

Researchers discover new combination therapy strategy for brain, blood cancers
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine have discovered a new potential strategy to personalize therapy for brain and blood cancers.

Cells adapt ultra-rapidly to zero gravity
Mammalian cells fully adapt to zero gravity in less than a minute.

NeuroVision announces participation in landmark Alzheimer's A4 study
NeuroVision Imaging LLC ('NeuroVision') today announced its participation in a new substudy with investigators at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine (UC San Diego) and the University of Southern California (USC) to be part of the landmark Anti-Amyloid Treatment in Asymptomatic Alzheimer's (or 'A4') clinical trial.

Type 2 diabetes diagnosis in youth leads to increased health complications
A new report published in the Feb. 28 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association points to a significantly higher burden of diabetes-related complications in adolescents and young adults with type 2 diabetes compared to type 1 diabetes, with greater health complications in minority youth.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Genetic Recombination and Genome Rearrangements
This SRC presents progress in research on diverse aspects of genetic recombination, a critical process that maintains integrity of the genome and that ensures the faithful transmission of the genome between generations.

Mollusk graveyards are time machines to oceans' pristine past
A University of Florida study shows that mollusk fossils provide a reliable measure of human-driven changes in marine ecosystems and shifts in ocean biodiversity across time and space.

FASEB Science Research Conference: The Biology & Chemistry of Vision
This SRC is the only meeting of its kind specifically dedicated to the field of photoreceptor biology.

FASEB Science Research Conference: The Biology of Cilia and Flagella
Research on the biology of the cilium has seen explosive growth as its essential roles in cell signaling and human disease are now well recognized.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Polycystic Kidney Disease
This SRC focuses on the autosomal dominant (ADPKD) and recessive (ARPKD) forms of PKD, autosomal dominant polycystic liver diseases with mild or no kidney involvement (ADPLD) and syndromic forms of PKD caused by mutations in genes encoding for proteins in the primary cilium (ciliopathies).

Sleep trackers can prompt sleep problems
A researcher and clinician in the sleep disorders program in the Department of Behavioral Sciences at Rush University Medical Center and an associate professor at Rush University, Baron says use of these devices follows a pattern reflected in the title of the Sleep Medicine study: 'Orthosomnia: Are Some Patients Taking the Quantified Self Too Far?'

Elsevier announces the launch of CASE: Cardiovascular Imaging Case Reports
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, and the American Society of Echocardiography, a professional, nonprofit organization of scientists and healthcare workers involved in cardiovascular ultrasound, today announced the launch of CASE: Cardiovascular Imaging Case Reports.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Protein Aggregation in Health and Disease
This SRC is focused on protein aggregation, which plays central roles in health and in disease and a converged understanding of these dual roles is absolutely essential if we are to understand the emergence of biological complexity and the onset and progression of devastating systemic and neurodegenerative diseases.

No increased risks to newborns linked to taking influenza drugs during pregnancy
A study published by The BMJ today finds no increased risks to newborn babies if their mothers have taken drugs to prevent or treat influenza during pregnancy.

£1m grant to investigate how cultural pursuits affect health and wellbeing
A joint venture between the Royal College of Music and Imperial was awarded £1 million for a new research project on the arts and health.

FASEB Science Research Conference: Molecular Pathogenesis
Since 1994, this Biennial FASEB Science Research Conference has been devoted to exciting and groundbreaking research on viral, bacterial, fungal, and protozoal pathogens.

More mosquito species than previously thought may transmit Zika
Zika virus could be transmitted by more mosquito species than those currently known, according to a new predictive model created by ecologists at the University of Georgia and the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.

Antimicrobial silicone invented at KTU: New generation product for medical purposes
Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) laboratories often serve as birthplaces of unique products, such as antimicrobial silicone invented by a KTU Ph.D. student Aiste Lisauskaite and her supervisor Dr.

Colleen's Dream Foundation awards $30,000 to TGen ovarian cancer research
Colleen's Dream Foundation, a Scottsdale-based nonprofit, today announced a $30,000 grant to the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) to research new ways of treating ovarian cancer.

Recent investigations on human group II pyridoxal 5'-phosphate decarboxylases
The aim of the present article is to compare the structural features of a particular group of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent decarboxylases, namely the group II ?-decarboxylases.

In flow state
Partnership between UCSB and Anton Paar yields better instrumentation and enables better knowledge about complex fluids.

Could a ketogenic diet alleviate gout?
Recent work from the laboratory of Vishwa Deep Dixit, Professor of Comparative Medicine and Immunobiology, has shown that the ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate can specifically inhibit the NLRP3 inflammasome. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to