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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | March 01, 2017

Researchers imitate molecular crowding in cells
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell.
Hunting for giant planet analogs in our own backyard
There may be a large number of undetected bright, substellar objects similar to giant exoplanets in our own solar neighborhood, according to new work from a team led by Carnegie's Jonathan Gagné and including researchers from the Institute for Research on Exoplanets (iREx) at Université de Montréal.
Intestinal bacteria alter gut and brain function: McMaster study
The goal of the study was to explore whether fecal microbiota from human IBS patients with diarrhea has the ability to influence gut and brain function in recipient mice.
Study: Unequal distribution of power in young adult relationships more harmful to women
Power imbalances in heterosexual relationships are common, but having less power takes a greater toll on young women than young men, according to a recently published University at Buffalo study.
Forest degradation in the tropics
Village communities in the tropical regions of Africa, Asia and South America have not been using local forest resources as sustainably as is often assumed.
Ninety percent of predatory fish gone from Caribbean coral reefs due to overfishing
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have found that up to 90 percent of predatory fish are gone from Caribbean coral reefs, straining the ocean ecosystem and coastal economy.
2017 forecast: Significant chance of earthquake damage in the Central and Eastern US
A one-year seismic hazard model for 2017 from the US Geological Survey, forecasts lower damaging ground shaking levels in the central and eastern US compared to the previous forecast, in areas where there have been numerous earthquakes induced by wastewater disposal from industrial activities.
New plastic surgery statistics reveal focus on face and fat
New data released by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) reveals that Americans want to put their best face and body forward as their annual plastic surgery procedural statistics show a three percent growth in cosmetic procedures over the last year.
Dairy and vitamin D supplements protect against bone loss
Researchers from Harvard affiliated Hebrew Senior Life's Institute for Aging Research and University of Massachusetts Lowell have discovered that specific dairy foods such as milk, yogurt, and cheese are associated with higher bone mineral density in the spine and are protective against bone loss in the hip -- but only among older adults who take Vitamin D supplements.
Bee species with little known nesting-behavior observed to use plastic instead of leaves
Little is known about the nesting activities of some lineages of megachiline bees.
USDA announces $1.8 million for research on next generation pesticides
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $1.8 million in available funding to research new, environmentally friendly pesticides and innovative tools and strategies to replace an older treatment, methyl bromide.
Highly prevalent gene variants in minority populations cause kidney disease
A team engineered mice with the G1 and G2 APOL1 gene mutations that cause human-like kidney disease to study these gene variants found almost exclusively in people of West African descent.
Highly effective cervical cancer screening for low-income countries
Taking a small sample of cells from women at high-risk of cervical cancer could be a cost-effective and accurate strategy for early diagnosis in low and middle income countries, according to research led by Queen Mary University of London.
Automated measurement system enhances quality, reduces handling in Pu-238 production
Under a collaborative partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Energy, a new automated measurement system developed at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory will ensure quality production of plutonium-238 while reducing handling by workers.
Study finds participants feel moral outrage toward those who decide to not have children
Data representing individuals from across the United States indicates that US adults are increasingly delaying the decision to have children or forgoing parenthood entirely.
Study: Physicians not prepared for male patients who perpetrate intimate partner violence
Family medicine physicians feel underprepared to serve patients whom they know are perpetrators of intimate partner violence, particularly if they also provide care to the victim.
Ovarian cancer target molecule may be key to blocking its spread
Blocking a protein found on the surface of ovarian cancer cells could prevent or reduce the spread of the disease to other organs, according to new research at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
New drug lead identified in fight against TB
Antibacterial compounds found in soil could spell the beginnings of a new, much-needed treatment for tuberculosis, new research led by the University of Sydney has found. tuberculosis (TB) causes more deaths than any other infectious disease including HIV/AIDs.
New collection in RIO Journal devoted to neuroscience projects from 2016 Brainhack events
A new collection devoted to neuroscience projects from 2016 Brainhack events has been launched in the open access journal Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO).
Musical scales may have developed to accommodate vocal limitations
For singers and their audiences, being 'in tune' might not be as important as we think.
Hubble cooperates on galaxy cluster and cosmic background
The events surrounding the Big Bang were so cataclysmic that they left an indelible imprint on the fabric of the cosmos.
Toward a safer permanent hair dye that mimics melanin
Coloring hair has become a common practice, particularly for people who want to hide their graying locks.
Guanfacine is safe and well-tolerated in children and adolescents with anxiety disorder
A pilot study of guanfacine, a controlled-release alpha2-agonist, in children and adolescents with general, separation-related, and social anxiety disorder showed the drug to be safe and well-tolerated and provided preliminary evidence of its potential effectiveness.
Asian pollution, heat waves worsen US smog, Princeton-NOAA study shows
An influx of pollution from Asia in the western United States and more frequent heat waves in the eastern US are responsible for the persistence of smog in these regions over the past quarter century despite laws curtailing the emission of smog-forming chemicals from tailpipes and factories, according to a study by Princeton University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Exploring the cause of chronic lung transplant rejection, in a quest to stop it
A new paper from Michigan Medicine researchers examined the scarring process in transplanted lungs in hopes of identifying novel therapies to stop scarring before it starts.
Study brings hope of a new treatment for asthma sufferers
University of Leicester leads study into cause of airway narrowing in cases of asthma.
Allergies? Probiotic combination may curb your symptoms, new study finds
As we head into allergy season, you may feel less likely to grab a hanky and sneeze.
War less likely between nations that are 'friends of friends'
Even nations can have friends of friends, a new study has found.
Absent tumor-suppressors allow melanoma to thwart immunotherapy
It's what's missing in the tumor genome, not what's mutated, that thwarts treatment of metastatic melanoma with immune checkpoint blockade drugs, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report in Science Translational Medicine.
History of incarceration linked to subsequent homelessness, study finds
People reporting a history of incarceration in the past 12 months were less likely to be housed during the subsequent year compared with those who hadn't (24.7 percent vs.
New study finds reading can help with chronic pain
A study conducted by researchers from the University of Liverpool, The Reader and the Royal Liverpool University Hospitals Trust, and funded by the British Academy, has found that shared reading (SR) can be a useful therapy for chronic pain sufferers.
Women less likely to have their heart health checked
A new report has highlighted a gender divide in the screening of patients for cardiovascular disease -- Australia's number one killer.
Patients at risk from 'nested interruptions' in nursing tasks, human factors paper reports
Laboratory study examines how multilevel interruptions experienced by ICU nurses can affect their performance and, ultimately, patients' well-being.
UTA student senior design project yields patent on smart bandage
Two faculty advisers -- engineering professors Panos Shiakolas and Pranesh Aswath -- supervised a student team, led by Letia Blanco, about five years ago in designing and building a smart bandage, which allowed more efficient healing of wounds and delivery of multiple drugs on their own time schedules to the wound, she wasn't sure what would become of it.
Concurrent heat waves, air pollution exacerbate negative health effects of each
The combination of prolonged hot spells with poor air quality greatly compounds the negative effects of each and can pose a major risk to human health, according to new research from the University of California, Irvine.
Groundbreaking technology successfully rewarms large-scale tissues preserved at low temperatures
A research team, led by the University of Minnesota, has discovered a groundbreaking process to successfully rewarm large-scale animal heart valves and blood vessels preserved at very low temperatures.
Study links changes in oral microbiome with metabolic disease/risk for dental disease
A team of scientists from The Forsyth Institute and the Dasman Diabetes Institute in Kuwait have found that metabolic diseases, which are characterized by high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and obesity -- leads to changes in oral bacteria and puts people with the disease at a greater risk for poor oral health.
In cleaning up misfolded proteins, cell powerhouses can break down
Working with yeast and human cells, researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have discovered an unexpected route for cells to eliminate protein clumps that may sometimes be the molecular equivalent of throwing too much or the wrong trash into the garbage disposal.
US workers without paid sick leave more likely to forego preventive health care
More than 20 million Americans have gained health insurance coverage through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and do not have to pay for 15 preventive screenings recommended by the US Preventive Services Task Force.
NIFA announces nearly $770,000 for canola research
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced the availability of up to $766,000 for fundamental and applied research to help develop and share new commercial canola varieties and products, and expand the crop's growing regions.
Americans missed out on $5.4 billion by not refinancing, study says
BYU economics professor Jaren Pope found that when interest rates dropped, 20 percent of American homeowners who could have benefited from refinancing didn't, leaving a total of $5.4 billion on the table.
Queen's-led experiment makes substantial leap forward in quest for dark matter
New research by the PICO Collaboration, co-led by Queen's University physicist Anthony Noble, represents a significant improvement on previous detection constraints, and a substantial step forward in the search for dark matter.
Aging can be good for you (if you're a yeast)
It's a cheering thought for anyone heading towards their golden years.
Impact on access, quality, and cost of possible proposed changes to ACA offered by ACP
ACP today addressed a letter to House and Senate leadership offering its thoughts -- including concerns -- about the impact on access, quality, and cost of possible proposed changes to the ACA.
Three Pitt chemical engineering faculty receive NSF CAREER awards totaling $1.5 million
For the first time at Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering, three junior faculty in one department received NSF CAREER awards.
Molecular structure of the cell nucleoskeleton revealed for the first time
Using 3-D electron microscopy, structural biologists from the University of Zurich succeeded in elucidating the architecture of the lamina of the cell nucleus at molecular resolution for the first time.
Vickery Meadows requests strategic plan from UTA's Institute of Urban Studies
The University of Texas at Arlington's Institute of Urban Studies is formulating a strategic plan for Dallas' Vickery Meadow, a burgeoning, densely populated neighborhood in northeast Dallas.
Tweaking electrolyte makes better lithium-metal batteries
New research shows adding a pinch of chemical additive to a lithium-metal battery's electrolyte helps make rechargeable batteries that are stable, charge quickly, and go longer in between charges than lithium-ion batteries.
New Merian Center not just on but also in Latin America
A new research center with its headquarters in Guadalajara, Mexico will be studying how Latin American societies solve crises.
Are market bubbles caused by traders' testosterone levels?
Such an effect may lead male traders, driven by an increase in testosterone due to a successful investment, to take exaggerated risks, which, in turn, create price bubbles.
A new cosmic survey offers unprecedented view of galaxies
A multinational collaboration led by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan that includes Princeton University scientists has published a 'cosmic census' of a large swath of the night sky containing roughly 100 million stars and galaxies, including some of the most distant objects in the universe.
Restoring predators and prey together speeds recovery
Restoring predator and prey species together helps accelerate ecosystem recovery efforts compared to pursuing restoration of one species at a time, new research concludes.
The microworm of Jaén whose males have no penis
In the most arid areas where there is little to no water, there live nematodes of no more than 1 mm which feed on bacteria and help to mineralise soil and produce nutrients.
Philadelphia research consortium launched to access research capabilities across region
The Wistar Institute, together with many regional academic institutions driving life sciences discoveries, has launched the Philadelphia Research Consortium -- a preclinical research network for facilitating easy access to our region's robust research enterprise.
Monoclonal antibody drug superior to chemotherapy for advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia
A Phase III clinical trial involving 101 centers in 21 countries revealed the monoclonal antibody blinatumomab to be more effective than standard chemotherapy for treatment of advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
In select patients with gunshot wounds, no operation is sometimes a better option
At one time, trauma surgeons considered an operation mandatory to treat gunshot wounds to the abdomen, but a study published online as an 'article in press' on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website has found that in selected patients, avoiding an operation -- a practice known as nonoperative management -- is an acceptable and effective treatment.
Synthetic tooth enamel may lead to more resilient structures
Unavoidable vibrations, such as those on airplanes, cause rigid structures to age and crack, but researchers at the University of Michigan may have an answer for that -- design them more like tooth enamel, which could lead to more resilient flight computers, for instance.
Colorectal cancer statistics, 2017
Despite dramatic reductions in overall colorectal cancer incidence and mortality, striking disparities by age, race, and tumor subsite remain
Scientists develop spectacles for X-ray lasers
An international team of scientists has tailored special X-ray glasses to concentrate the beam of an X-ray laser stronger than ever before.
Scientists reveal core genes involved in immunity of honey bees
A core set of genes involved in the responses of honey bees to multiple diseases caused by viruses and parasites has been identified by an international team of researchers.
Nation's top environmental scientists say the EPA should not be weakened
As scientists begin to find their political voices, three former US Environmental Protection Agency insiders on Wednesday said the Trump administration should not sacrifice environmental quality and the health of the American people 'for a coterie of special-interest stakeholders.' Their opinion piece was published on March 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Game theory could improve cyberwarfare strategy
Whether a nation should retaliate against a cyber attack is a complicated decision, and a new framework guided by game theory could help policymakers determine the best strategy.
Research shows nature can beat back scientific tinkering with genes of entire species
A University of Kansas researcher and colleagues from Cornell University have revealed daunting challenges to changing the DNA of entire populations of species via the most promising techniques available today to produce 'gene drive.'
Teens drive more safely in the months after a crash
Teens' risky driving drops considerably in the two months following a serious collision, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
The ultimate power nap
Behavioural studies of elephant sleep in zoos record that they sleep around four hours per day and can sleep standing up or lying down -- but how much do they sleep and how do they sleep in their natural environment?
Panthera statement on South Africa's proposed quota for lion skeleton exports
In a highly controversial move, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) recently announced plans to formalize the country's legal trade in captive-bred lion skeletons, proposing to institute a quota of 800 skeletons per year eligible for export permits.
New optical nanosensor improves brain mapping accuracy, opens way for more applications
A paper published in the current edition of the journal Neurophotonics describes a new nanosensor design that enables more accurate mapping of the brain and shows the way forward for future sensors and a broader range of applications.
The Lancet Psychiatry: Experts ask: Can cannabis be made safer?
As cannabis laws become liberalised in many countries, experts writing in The Lancet Psychiatry argue that there is an urgent need to explore how cannabis use can be made safer.
NIFA announces $320,000 for sustainable community projects
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced the availability of $320,000 in funding to develop and deliver educational programs that equip at-risk youth with the skills they need to lead positive, productive, and contributing lives.
Single dose of brachytherapy may be an effective treatment for localized prostate cancer
Results from a new prospective clinical trial indicate that high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy administered in a single, 19 Gray (Gy) treatment may be a safe and effective alternative to longer courses of HDR treatment for men with localized prostate cancer.
Food subsidies and taxes significantly improve dietary choices
A new systematic review and meta-analysis finds that lowering the cost of healthy foods significantly increases their consumption, while raising the cost of unhealthy items significantly reduces their intake.
With most of the same genes, how do lizard siblings end up so different?
In a new paper, published in the journal American Naturalist, an evolutionary biologist suggests that hormones, such as testosterone, play a key role in shaping gene expression in ways that are unique to each sex as an organism develops to adulthood.
Adults with autism overcome childhood language challenges
Results of a small study of adults with autism at Johns Hopkins has added to evidence that their brains can learn to compensate for some language comprehension challenges that are a hallmark of the disorder in children.
China physicist Wang Yifang awarded 2016 Pontecorvo Prize
The jury of the International Bruno Pontecorvo prize announced on Feb.
BOLD prediction: Brain circuit that supports smoking cessation identified
In the March 1, 2017, issue of JAMA Psychiatry, scientists at the Medical University of South Carolina Hollings Cancer Center identified a brain circuit that is linked with the ability to quit smoking.
Poor adolescent, early adult diet associated with increased risk for premenopausal breast cancer
Women who consumed a diet as adolescents or young adults associated with chronic inflammation had a higher risk for premenopausal breast cancer compared with those whose adolescent and early adulthood diet was not associated with chronic inflammation.
Multicenter study finds no benefit to treating mild thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy
A large national study suggests that treating pregnant women for mildly low thyroid function does not improve the IQs of their babies or reduce preterm births or other negative outcomes.
African elephants may be the shortest-sleeping mammals
African elephants in the wild sleep an average of two hours a day and regularly go nearly two days without sleep, according to a study published March 1, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Paul Manger from University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, and colleagues.
Magic cover crop carpet?
Organic farmers can use a combination of cover crops and no-till methods to improve soil health, suppress weeds, and retain moisture.
Shorter herceptin breast cancer treatment may produce better results
Breast cancer patients who receive the drug Herceptin for nine weeks as part of their post-surgery chemotherapy regime may enjoy better health outcomes, according to new research led by UCL, compared to those who receive it for 12 months, the period currently recommended in the English National Health Service.
NHS sustainability plans unlikely to work without greater government commitment
Local sustainability and transformation plans (STPs) -- designed to transform the way health and social care services are organized, delivered, and used across England -- are unlikely to work without a much greater commitment from government, warns an expert in The BMJ today.
Few heart attack survivors get recommended physical activity
Researchers have found that only 16 percent of heart attack survivors get the recommended amount of physical activity in the weeks after hospitalization, despite evidence that physical activity reduces the risk of having a second heart attack.
A fine-tuned microscopy technique offers breakthrough imaging of melanoma
Researchers have recently refined a classic Raman-based technique and succeeded in imaging the two dominant melanin molecules -- a breakthrough that could lead to new understandings and, critically, early detection of melanoma
White paper proposes democratized OA academic journal publishing to solve serials crisis
White paper by Scholastica featuring insights from 5 expert open access advocates argues decentralizing the academic journal market by using services to insource publishing among nonprofit groups of scholars will pave the way for sustainable open access to research.
Understanding and predicting snow behavior
Engineers from the University of Luxembourg are developing a computer model that can help solving typical snow-related engineering problems.
Boston University receives Walmart Foundation grant to support women veterans
In its first-ever grant to Boston University, the Walmart Foundation has awarded approximately $500,000 to help launch the Women Veterans Network (WoVeN), a nationwide network of structured support groups for female veterans.
Research finds we can civilize punishment by learning a perpetrator's unfortunate history
New research led by Lehigh University associate professor of psychology Michael Gill focuses on how spiteful, vindictive feelings can be removed from blame by offering a historicist narrative -- a story-like explanation of how someone's life history has led them to think, feel, and act as they do.
Iron dissolved by air pollution may increase ocean potential to trap carbon
Iron particles generated by cities and industry are being dissolved by man-made air pollution and washed into the sea -- potentially increasing the amount of greenhouse gases that the world's oceans can absorb, a new study suggests.
CIFAR's quantum physicist Louis Taillefer first Canadian to win Simon Prize
Canadian quantum physicist Louis Taillefer, Director of CIFAR's Quantum Materials program, has been named the 2017 Simon Memorial Prize winner.
Humans have three times more brown body fat
Compared to white fat, brown body fat burns through energy at an extraordinary rate.
Quantum entanglement between a single photon and a trillion of atoms
New light is shed on the famous paradox of Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen after 80 years.
Rapid changes point to origin of ultra-fast black hole 'burps'
Scientists have made the most detailed observation yet of a black hole outflow, from the active galaxy IRAS 13224-3809.
Study examines burden of skin disease worldwide
How much do skin diseases contribute to the burden of disease worldwide?
Gut microbes and poor artery health -- CU Boulder researchers probe possible link
University of Colorado Boulder researchers have received four-year $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to deep-dive into the role of microbiota in healthy and unhealthy arteries in both mice and humans.
Study: Wireless stimulation may ease migraine pain as well as drugs
A preliminary study suggests that a new, wireless patch that you wear on your arm may help reduce migraine pain as well as drugs.
New report examines the integration of modern slavery survivors
A new report launched today (Wednesday, March 1) at the International Slavery Museum by the University of Liverpool assesses an innovative solution to the problem of long-term care for survivors of modern slavery in the UK.
WMO verifies highest temperatures for Antarctic Region
The World Meteorological Organization announced today new verified record high- temperatures in Antarctica, ranging from the high 60s (in Fahrenheit) to the high teens, depending on the location they were recorded in Antarctica.
Study shows role of depression in the ongoing tobacco epidemic
The prevalence of smoking has remained fairly stable over the past decade after declining sharply for many years.
Risky business -- calculating climate change losses in major European coastal cities
A new study that assesses potential future climate damage to major European coastal cities has found that, if, as currently, global carbon emissions continue to track the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's worst emission scenario (RCP8.5), overall annual economic losses may range from 1.2 billion USD in 2030 to more than 40 billion by 2100.
Couples may miss cues that partner is hiding emotions, study suggests
Even the most blissful of couples in long-running, exclusive relationships may be fairly clueless when it comes to spotting the ploys their partner uses to avoid dealing with emotional issues, suggests new research from psychologists at Washington University in St.
Keep calm and measure cats' blood pressure!
A decade ago, an Editorial in The Lancet, 'Hypertension: uncontrolled and conquering the world', presented some alarming facts: the risk of becoming hypertensive during a lifetime exceeds 90% for people in developed countries, with over 1.5 billion adults expected to have hypertension by 2025.
Study defines global burden of skin disease
A study published today in JAMA Dermatology combines the prevalence of skin diseases around the world with their likelihood of creating disability across the lifespan to define the following 10 most challenging conditions (arranged in order of decreasing 'disability-adjusted life years'): dermatitis, acne, hives, psoriasis, viral skin diseases, fungal skin diseases, scabies, melanoma, pyoderma, cellulitis, non-melanoma skin cancer, decubitus ulcer, and alopecia areata.
How to monitor urine in pools -- by testing sweetness
Even though Olympic swimmers have admitted doing it, peeing in the pool is not a condoned practice.
How can we predict whose MS will worsen?
In older people with MS, having fatigue and limited leg function is more often seen in people with MS progression than in those without, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 69th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017.
Even after treatment, brains of anorexia nervosa patients not fully recovered
Even after weeks of treatment and considerable weight gain, the brains of adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa remain altered, putting them at risk for possible relapse, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
Nanoinjection increases survival rate of cells
How do tumours grow? And how do bacteria transform harmless substances into medical agents?
UW security researchers show Google's anti-internet troll AI platform is easily deceived
University of Washington researchers have shown that Google's new machine learning-based system to identify toxic comments in online discussion forums can be bypassed by simply misspelling or adding unnecessary punctuation to abusive words, such as 'idiot' or 'moron.'
27th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Media can register now for the 27th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Vienna, Saturday 22 April to Tuesday 25 April 2017.
Portable nanofiber device offers precise, point-and-shoot capability
Harvard researchers have developed a lightweight, portable nanofiber fabrication device that could one day be used to dress wounds on a battlefield or dress shoppers in customizable fabrics.
FDG PET/CT found useful in certain lung cancer patients
FDG PET/CT is a valuable imaging tool for treatment assessment of patients with lung cancer, though systematic evidence for its comparative effectiveness with conventional imaging, such as chest CT, is still evolving.
Artificial intelligence enters the nutraceutical industry
Life Extension (LE) launched a new line of nutraceuticals called GEROPROTECTTM, and the first product in the series called Ageless Cell combines some of the natural compounds that were shortlisted by Insilico Medicine's algorithms and are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
BPPV: Experts update best practices for diagnosis and treatment
The Clinical Practice Guideline: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (Update) updated guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for healthcare providers on diagnosis and treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) as well as important patient information answering frequently asked questions about BPPV.
UVA, Virginia Tech seek ways to assist drivers with autism
The University of Virginia is teaming up with Virginia Tech to study novice drivers with autism to determine if they would benefit from specialized training to help them become better, safer drivers and feel more comfortable behind the wheel.
Fred Hutch announces 2017 Harold M. Weintraub Graduate Student Award recipients
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center today announced the recipients of the Harold M.
Exposure to certain insecticides linked to childhood behavioral difficulties
Exposure to a particular group of chemicals widely used in pest control for people, pets, and crops, may be linked to behavioral difficulties in 6-year-olds, suggests research published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.
Singing posters and talking shirts: UW engineers turn objects into FM stations
A new technique pioneered by University of Washington engineers enables 'singing' posters and 'smart' clothing to send audio or data directly to your car's radio or your smartphone by piggybacking on ambient FM radio signals.
Study finds patients more likely to receive surgical intervention for narrowed arteries in fee-for-service
Individuals were more likely to undergo surgery to treat narrowed arteries when they were treated by fee-for-service physicians in the private sector compared with salary-based military physicians, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.
Autoimmune disease may be linked to heightened dementia risk
Autoimmune disease may be linked to a heightened risk of dementia, indicates a large long term study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
Pulling the curtain back on the high cost of drugs
Extreme price hikes for a handful of pharmaceuticals in recent years have severely soured public sentiment toward the industry.
Artificial intelligence aids scientists in uncovering hallmarks of mystery concussion
Scientists have used a unique computational technique that sifts through big data to identify a subset of concussion patients with normal brain scans, who may deteriorate months after diagnosis and develop confusion, personality changes and differences in vision and hearing, as well as post-traumatic stress disorder.
Media can register now for ESTRO 36 - Europe's largest congress on radiation oncology
Journalists can register now for ESTRO 36 - Europe's largest congress on radiation oncology, organised by the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO).
Study identifies strategies to improve knee replacement outcomes in patients with obesity
Obesity affects 35 percent of the adult population in the US.
Study examines pesticides' impact on wood frogs
A new study looks at how neonicotinoid pesticides affect wood frogs, which use surface waters in agricultural environments to breed and reproduce.
Cholesterol-processing enzyme protects from debilitating brain lesions
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and Karolinska Institute in Sweden discovered that a specific enzyme in the brain could reduce the formation of debilitating brain lesions in the two diseases.
From mother to baby: 'Secondhand sugars' can pass through breast milk
Add breast milk to the list of foods and beverages that contain fructose, a sweetener linked to health issues ranging from obesity to diabetes.
Desk jobs are bad for your heart and your waist
A new study shows further evidence for the view that spending too much time sitting down is bad for our health and our waistline.
Cost of managing actinic keratosis varies; opportunity to improve value
Actinic keratoses -- or AK -- are skin growths that most commonly appear on sun-exposed areas.
Too much TV related to drops in school readiness, especially among low-income children
Watching television for more than a couple of hours a day is linked to lower school readiness skills in kindergarteners, particularly among children from low-income families, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development and Université Sainte-Anne.
Supramolecular protein fishing with molecular baits
Scientists from the Center for Self-assembly and Complexity (CSC) successfully isolated a cancer-prone protein by fishing out the proteins using 'molecular bait'.
Study: More customer information can help Airbnb address discrimination
New research by an Indiana University Kelley School of Business professor suggests that companies in the sharing economy can eliminate discrimination by encouraging clients to write reviews and by designing better ways to share information that signals guest quality.
JAX receives NIH grant to improve CRISPR-Cas9 accuracy
A two-year grant totaling $455,000 from the National Institutes of Health to Michael V.
MD Anderson study ties protein 'reader' ENL to common leukemia
Anyone who uses an employee badge to enter a building may understand how a protein called ENL opens new possibilities for treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a fast-growing cancer of bone marrow and blood cells and the second most common type of leukemia in children and adults.
Improved gene expression atlas shows that many human long non-coding RNAs may actually be functional
In work published in Nature, the RIKEN-led FANTOM consortium has generated a comprehensive atlas of human long non-coding RNAs with substantially improved gene models, allowing them to better assess the diversity and functionality of these RNAs.
Neither increased access to surgery nor reduced costs achieved in states that 'opt-out' of requiring physician supervision for anesthesia
'Opting-out' of the Medicare rule that requires anesthesia to be administered with physician supervision has little or no impact on access to either inpatient or outpatient surgery, according to a study published in Health Economics Review.
Jackfruit seeds could help ease looming cocoa bean shortage
Chocolate lovers could soon have a harder time satisfying their sweet tooth.
Telephone-based collaborative care program eases anxiety
A study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh found that a telephone-delivered collaborative care program for treating panic and generalized anxiety disorders in primary care is significantly more effective than doctors' usual care at improving health-related quality of life, anxiety and mood symptoms.
Tree scars record 700 years of natural and cultural fire history in a northern forest
Distinguishing human from climatic influence on historical fire patterns is critical to forest management planning, which is guided by historical patterns of fire frequency, size, and intensity.
New tool, RODEO, promises to capture the breadth of microbial biosynthetic potential
A new bioinformatics advance from the University of Illinois reveals the power of 'big data' genome technology to help us make better use of nature's inventions: a team of researchers led by Associate Professor of Chemistry Douglas Mitchell has created a tool that searches through microbial genomes, identifying clusters of genes that indicate an organism's ability to synthesize therapeutically promising molecules.
First solar images from NOAA's GOES-16 satellite
The first images from the Solar Ultraviolet Imager or SUVI instrument aboard NOAA's GOES-16 satellite have been successful, capturing a large coronal hole on Jan.
A galaxy on the edge
This colorful stripe of stars, gas, and dust is actually a spiral galaxy named NGC 1055.
The shifting rationales for vaping
A new study harnesses social media data to explore -- in their own words -- the reasons people use e-cigarettes and why they started vaping in the first place.
Warming up to cryopreservation
Overcoming a major hurdle in transplant medicine, a new study reveals that nanotechnology can be used to rapidly rewarm cryogenically treated samples without damaging delicate frozen tissues, which may someday help make organ cryopreservation a reality.
World's oldest fossils unearthed
Remains of microorganisms at least 3,770 million years old have been discovered by an international team led by UCL scientists, providing direct evidence of one of the oldest life forms on Earth.
Benefits of physical activity may outweigh impact of obesity on cardiovascular disease
The benefits of physical activity may outweigh the impact of overweight and obesity on cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly people, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.
Yale-led team puts dark matter on the map
A Yale-led team has produced one of the highest-resolution maps of dark matter ever created, offering a detailed case for the existence of cold dark matter -- sluggish particles that comprise the bulk of matter in the universe.
A new role for an old immune cell may lead to novel therapies for infection and cancer
A new study has identified a previously undescribed role for a type of unconventional T cell with the potential to be used in the development of new therapies for infection and cancer.
Tailored preventive oral health intervention improves dental health among elderly
A tailored preventive oral health intervention significantly improved the cleanliness of teeth and dentures among elderly home care clients.
Racial gap in children's asthma linked to social inequality
African-American and poor children in the United States suffer disproportionately from asthma.
Guidelines for scholarly publishing of biodiversity data from Pensoft and EU BON
Based on Pensoft's long-year experience in advancing academic publishing, and updated during the Framework Program 7 EU BON project, a new set of policies and guidelines for scholarly publishing of biodiversity and biodiversity-related data is published in the EU BON open science collection in Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO Journal).
Scientists stimulate immune system, stop cancer growth
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago report that increasing expression of a chemical cytokine called LIGHT in mice with colon cancer activated the immune system's natural cancer-killing T-cells and caused primary tumors and metastatic tumors in the liver to shrink.
What happens when patients access their mental health providers' notes?
Thanks to electronic health records and online portals, more and more patients have access to the notes their clinicians write about their health care visits.

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Invisible Allies
As scientists have been scrambling to find new and better ways to treat covid-19, they've come across some unexpected allies. Invisible and primordial, these protectors have been with us all along. And they just might help us to better weather this viral storm. To kick things off, we travel through time from a homeless shelter to a military hospital, pondering the pandemic-fighting power of the sun. And then, we dive deep into the periodic table to look at how a simple element might actually be a microbe's biggest foe. This episode was reported by Simon Adler and Molly Webster, and produced by Annie McEwen and Pat Walters. Support Radiolab today at