Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 02, 2017
Cigarette smoke curbs lung's self-healing
Smoke from cigarettes blocks self-healing processes in the lungs and consequently can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Trump's policy changes put women's sexual and reproductive health at risk, argues expert
Donald Trump's sexual and reproductive health policy changes threaten women in the USA and across the world, warns an expert in the Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care.

Scientists discover how obesity stops 'guardian immune cells' from doing their job
Special immune cells -- ILCs -- cannot function properly once obesity is established.

A new way of assessing winter driving conditions and associated risks
A new study, published today in the Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, presents a risk-based approach for classifying the road surface conditions of a highway network under winter weather events.

Geosciences in the heart of Texas
Geoscientists from the south-central U.S. and beyond will convene on March 13-14 in San Antonio, Texas, to discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the unique geologic features of the region.

The evolution of Japanese color vocabulary over the past 30 years
Color plays an important role in conveying visual information, but the language we use to express what we see is limited.

Study identifies how cancer cells may develop resistance to FGFR inhibitors
A new study by Ohio State cancer researchers has identified a mechanism by which cancer cells develop resistance to a class of drugs called fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitors.

Woolly mammoths experienced a genomic meltdown just before extinction
Dwindling populations created a 'mutational meltdown' in the genomes of the last woolly mammoths, which had survived on an isolated island until a few thousand years ago.

Selection process completed: 400 young scientists to participate in Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
400 young scientists from 76 countries have been selected to participate in the 67th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting.

Nanoengineers 3-D print biomimetic blood vessel networks
Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have 3-D printed a lifelike, functional blood vessel network that could pave the way toward artificial organs and regenerative therapies.

New study reveals air pollution can alter effectiveness of antibiotics
Interdisciplinary research at the University of Leicester has explored the impact of black carbon on bacteria in the respiratory tract.

Most complex nanoparticle crystal ever made by design
The most complex crystal designed and built from nanoparticles has been reported by researchers at Northwestern University and the University of Michigan.

Penn Nursing's Linda Aiken to be awarded International Council of Nurses' highest honor
Linda H. Aiken, Ph.D., FAAN, FRCN, RN, the Claire M.

Taking stock: Where does Europe stand in the elimination of hepatitis B and C?
In 2016, a regional action plan for Europe contributing to the implementation of the global viral hepatitis elimination strategy was developed by the WHO Regional Office for Europe.

Boosting a cell-protecting protein may help slow Alzheimer's disease progression
A new study of Alzheimer's disease by Fiona Kerr and Linda Partridge at University College London, uses mouse and fruit fly models to show that Keap1, which inhibits the protective protein Nrf2, is a promising target for new preventative drugs for Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.

AI system beats humans at the poker table, in complex game
Researchers have created an artificial intelligence system that outperforms humans at the heads-up no-limit version of Texas Hold'em, a complex game involving 10160 decision points.

Call for nurses to employ ethical framework during new administration's policy adjustments
Article petitions nurses to turn to the profession's founding ethical frameworks and principles in order to shape care and emerging policies.

Colorado Governor is keynote speaker at SSA Annual Meeting
Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper will be the keynote speaker at the 2017 SSA Annual Meeting's Public Policy Luncheon, scheduled for 12 noon CT on 19 April, at the Sheraton Downtown Denver.

Cows may offer clues to improving fertility in women
A Michigan State University researcher has received a $1.65 million grant that looks to bring a better understanding about fertility treatments in women by studying the effect of hormones on ovulation and reproduction in cows.

Brake dust may cause more problems than blackened wheel covers
Metals from brakes and other automotive systems are emitted into the air as fine particles, lingering over busy roadways.

Hydraulic forces help to fill the heart
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet and KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden have contributed to a recent discovery that the heart is filled with the aid of hydraulic forces, the same as those involved in hydraulic brakes in cars.

Chronic administration of nandrolone decanoate
Investigations by researchers of Zoology Department of Cotton College, Guwahati, and Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India, have revealed that long term exposure to elevated doses of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) can significantly affect aldosterone concentration and serum sodium/ potassium levels in albino mice.

Genome editing: Pressing the 'delete' button on DNA
Until recently, genomics was a 'read-only' science, but scientists have developed a tool for quick and easy deletion of DNA in living cells.

New research could trigger revolution in computer electronics manufacturing
A pioneering new technique to produce cutting-edge, versatile microchips could revolutionize the speed, efficiency and capability of the next generation of computers.

Plant dominance in the Amazon is shaped by past civilizations
Plants that were domesticated by pre-Columbian peoples are, to this day, much more likely to be dominant in Amazonian forests than other species, a new study reveals.

Danish scientist receives the A.C. Redfield Lifetime Achievement Award
On Friday, the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) honors Danish professor Bo Barker Jørgensen with the prestigious 2017 A.C.

Unprecedented study of hearing aid outcomes in older adults released today
The first-ever placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial of hearing aid outcomes published today in the American Journal of Audiology shows that older adults benefit from hearing aid use.

Want more crop variety? Researchers propose using CRISPR to accelerate plant domestication
Out of the more than 300,000 plant species in existence, only three species -- rice, wheat, and maize -- account for most of the plant matter that humans consume, partly because in the history of agriculture, mutations arose that made these crops the easiest to harvest.

Horse-riding can improve children's cognitive ability
Recent research published in Frontiers in Public Health shows that the effects of vibrations produced by horses during horse-riding lead to the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which improves learning in children.

Sex differences in brain activity alter pain therapies
A female brain's resident immune cells are more active in regions involved in pain processing relative to males, according to a recent study by Georgia State University researchers.

Scientists discover metabolic pathway that drives tumor growth in aggressive cancers
Mount Sinai researchers have discovered that a rheumatoid arthritis drug can block a metabolic pathway that occurs in tumors with a common cancer-causing gene mutation, offering a new possible therapy for aggressive cancers with few therapeutic options, according to a study to be published in Cancer Discovery.

Taking earth's inner temperature
A new study led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) suggests the mantle--the mostly solid, rocky part of Earth's interior that lies between its super-heated core and its outer crustal layer -- may be hotter than previously believed.

Study: Firms that owed more also laid off more workers during the 2007-2009 recession
The debt levels of large companies just before the Great Recession of 2007-2009 are strongly linked to local unemployment spikes during that time, a novel study co-authored by an MIT professor finds -- adding another dimension to our picture of the recent economic crisis.

European Geosciences Union meeting: Program online, press conferences
The programme for the 2017 European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly is now online.

Horseback riding interventions have therapeutic benefits for people with disabilities
Physical activities incorporating horseback riding can help to improve strength, balance, and other outcomes for children and adults with a range of neuromotor, developmental, and physical disabilities, according to a report in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists.

Ancient peoples shaped the Amazon rainforest
We often think of the Amazon rainforest as a vast expanse of nature untouched by humans.

Physical therapy proves as effective as surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome
Physical therapy is as effective as surgery in treating carpal tunnel syndrome, according to a new study published in the March 2017 issue of the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy® (JOSPT®).

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2017
ORNL's rapid prototyping supports small business manufacturing; ORNL chemists' accelerated membrane-based gas separation method could ultimately separate carbon dioxide from flue gases at power plants; ORNL-developed electron beam melting technique precisely controls microstructure, locate properties in additively manufactured parts; ORNL's open-source, user-friendly and easy-to-use software monitors, controls energy consumption using wide range of devices running different protocols; ORNL report indicates drone activity aids electric utilities to enhance worker safety, system reliability; ORNL hosts cyberspace conference.

Skill trumps luck
A team of computing scientists is once again capturing the world's collective fascination with artificial intelligence.

NASA rover technology to be used in project to map nuclear sites comprehensively
University of Manchester scientists are leading a team which is to comprehensively map some of the world's most radioactive sites using sensing technology mounted on an advanced robotic vehicle.

Once overlooked, uninitialized-use 'bugs' may provide portal for hacker attacks on Linux
According to new Georgia Institute of Technology research, uninitialized variables -- largely overlooked bugs mostly regarded as insignificant memory errors -- are actually a critical attack vector that can be reliably exploited by hackers to launch privilege escalation attacks in the Linux kernel.

Use of opioid pain medications may affect liver transplant patients' survival
An analysis of nearly 30,000 patients undergoing liver transplantation in the United States between 2008 and 2014 found elevated death and organ loss rates in the first five years after transplantation among recipients with the highest use of opioid pain medications while on the waiting list.

Saving brain cells from stroke
Researchers from the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have shown that a neuroprotective compound tested in rats provides two-pronged protection for brain cells during stroke and improves physical and cognitive outcomes in the treated animals.

Tecnalia involved in the characterization of materials and prototypes for ITER
Tecnalia has signed a contract with Fusion for Energy, the EU organisation managing Europe's contribution to ITER, for the provision of destructive and non-destructive testing of materials at room and elevated temperatures for ITER.

Reducing cancer-related fatigue
A new article published online by JAMA Oncology analyzed which of four commonly recommended treatments -- exercise, psychological, the combination of both, or pharmaceutical -- for cancer-related fatigue appeared to be most effective.

Shape-shifting molecular robots respond to DNA signals
A research group at Tohoku University and Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology has developed a molecular robot consisting of biomolecules, such as DNA and protein.

Why pandas are black and white
A study by the University of California, Davis, and California State University, Long Beach, determined that the giant panda's distinct black-and-white markings have two functions: camouflage and communication.

'Red hair' gene variant may underlie association between melanoma and Parkinson's disease
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators find that a gene variant that produces red hair and fair skin in humans and in mice, which increases the risk of the dangerous skin cancer melanoma, may also contribute to the known association between melanoma and Parkinson's disease.

New autoimmune endocrine disease triggered by thymomas
A Japanese research group has discovered that a newly-identified autoimmune endocrine disease that leads to hypopituitarism is caused by thymomas (a type of tumor originating from the thymic gland).

Parasitic worm gene regulates behaviors used to track down new insect hosts
Researchers have developed and demonstrated the potential of a method that could be used to study how genes influence host-sensing behaviors in a parasitic worm, according to a new study in PLOS Pathogens.

Melting temperature of Earth's mantle depends on water
A joint study between Carnegie and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has determined that the average temperature of Earth's mantle beneath ocean basins is about 110 degrees Fahrenheit (60 Celsius) higher than previously thought, due to water present in deep minerals.

New study examines gender differences in PTSD among military personnel
A study of US Navy healthcare personnel has shown that when comparing the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women and men who had similar deployment experiences, and especially combat experience, the risk of PTSD was significantly higher among women.

NASA scientists demonstrate technique to improve particle warnings that protect astronauts
Scientists have proven that the warning signs of one type of space weather event can be detected up to 17 minutes before it arrives at Earth -- critical time that could help protect astronauts in space.

Biochemical 'fossil' shows how life may have emerged without phosphate
One major mystery about life's origin is how phosphate became an essential building block of genetic and metabolic machinery in cells, given its poor accessibility on early Earth.

Acupuncture improves outcomes in carpal tunnel syndrome in part by remapping the brain
A team of investigators based at the Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at Massachusetts General Hospital sheds new light on the question of how acupuncture relieves symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Study finds not all women get appropriate care for cervical cancer
Fewer than three out of five women with cervical cancer received guideline-based care, a new study finds.

Number of people in US with hearing loss expected to nearly double in coming decades
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Adele M.

Catalysis, the solution for climate change?
Catalysts make existing processes greener. In other words, they produce less waste, consume less energy and use fewer raw materials to make the same mass of products.

As reliable as your hard drive? Maximizing DNA storage
Researchers seeking to help humanity with its data storage problem have created a method to store vast quantities of digital information in small amounts of DNA; critically, their technique approaches the theoretical maximum for DNA storage, storing 60 percent more data than previous efforts.

2017 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prizes: DFG and BMBF honor 10 researchers
This year 10 researchers will receive the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize, the most important award for early career researchers in Germany.

Mid-Mesozoic beetle in amber stirs questions on rise of flowering plants and pollinators
The discovery of a beetle and pollen in 105-million-year-old Spanish amber is proof of a new insect pollination mode that dates to the mid-Mesozoic, before the rise of flowering plants.

Research shows exercise is a boon for cancer patients
Exercise and/or psychological therapy work better than medications to reduce cancer-related fatigue and should be recommended first to patients, according to a Wilmot Cancer Institute-led study published in JAMA Oncology.

Ancient peoples shaped the Amazon rainforest
An international team of ecologists and social scientists has shown in a new study published March 3 in the journal Science that tree species domesticated and distributed throughout the Amazon basin by indigenous peoples before 1492 continue to play an important role in modern-day forests.

BU researchers awarded $5 million to identify biomarkers for cerebral small vessel disease
To better predict, study and diagnose small vessel disease in the brain and its role in vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID), Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has been selected to participate in MarkVCID, a consortium designed to accelerate the development of new and existing biomarkers for small vessel VCID.

More bang for the buck
Researchers find cost-effective solutions to sediment runoff and other land-based pollution affecting West Maui reefs

Researchers find positive long-term colic surgery results in horses
Many horse owners and equine veterinarians find themselves facing a difficult decision when it comes to treating a horse surgically for colic, with concerns including postoperative performance and expense.

New in vitro toxicology research on health risk assessment wins PETA award
Researchers have demonstrated the ability to use two new mechanistic models called Adverse Outcome Pathways (AOPs) -- one for decreased lung function and the other for hypertension -- to assess the toxicological risk of chemicals without the need for animal testing.

NASA study improves forecasts of summer Arctic sea ice
The Arctic has been losing sea ice over the past several decades as Earth warms.

A vulnerability in triple-negative breast cancer could improve treatment outcomes
Ludwig researchers have shown that triple-negative breast cancer cells ramp up production of a key component of DNA in response to chemotherapy and that targeting this pathway could undermine their resistance to such therapies.

Newly discovered vulnerability in an aggressive breast cancer provides therapeutic target
Triple-negative breast cancer quickly becomes resistant to current therapies, leaving patients no therapeutic options.

Cleveland takes new steps to tackle 'superbugs'
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center are teaming up to take on the rising problem of antibiotic resistance.

To understand others' minds, 'being' them beats reading them
We tend to believe that people telegraph how they're feeling through facial expressions and body language and we only need to watch them to know what they're experiencing -- but new research shows we'd get a much better idea if we put ourselves in their shoes instead.

JILA team discovers many new twists in protein folding
Biophysicists at JILA have measured protein folding in more detail than ever before, revealing behavior that is surprisingly more complex than previously known.

PNAS announces 6 2016 Cozzarelli Prize recipients
The Editorial Board of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) has selected six papers published by PNAS in 2016 to receive the Cozzarelli Prize, an award that recognizes outstanding contributions to the scientific disciplines represented by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

Temple team: Moonlighting function for mitochondrial-calcium influx machinery MCU complex
Mitochondria -- the energy-generating powerhouses of cells -- are also a site for oxidative stress and cellular calcium regulation.

A SOI wafer is a suitable substrate for gallium nitride crystals
In cooperation with Okmetic Oy and the Polish ITME, researchers at Aalto University have studied the application of SOI (Silicon On Insulator) wafers, which are used as a platform for manufacturing different microelectronics components, as a substrate for producing gallium nitride crystals.

The lord of destruction
Professor Dr. Erik Bitzek has always been intrigued by how and why things break.

Aging faces could increase security risks
Michigan State University biometrics expert Anil Jain and team set out to investigate what extent facial aging affects the performance of automatic facial recognition systems.

Saving the underworld: Clarified subterranean fauna classification to improve conservation
Many of the particularly vulnerable subterranean habitats are bound to be destroyed as a result of human activities and interests.

Ecological Society of America announces 2017 award recipients
The Ecological Society of America (ESA) will present the 2017 awards recognizing outstanding contributions to ecology in new discoveries, teaching, sustainability, diversity, and lifelong commitment to the profession on Aug.

Study finds new mechanism to control information flow in the brain
Reporting in the journal Science online March 2, a team of neuroscientists at NYU Langone Medical Center has found that specialized nerve cells, known as somatostatin-expressing (Sst) interneurons, in the outer part of the mammalian brain (or cerebral cortex) -- play a key role in controlling how information flows in the brain when it is awake and alert.

Food on Mars, food on Earth: NASA taps USU scientists for space quest
To survive on Mars, explorers will have to be self-sufficient.

Newborn harbor porpoises have the fastest hearing development among mammals
All mammals can hear -- but it is not an ability that is fully developed at birth.

Toxic cocktail
Today, everyone carries a toxic load of industrially-produced chemicals in their bloodstream: pesticides, plasticizers, disinfectant products, flame-retardants, surfactants, and UV filters.

Scientists discover new mechanism that leads to inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis
New research findings published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, suggest that synovial CD4+ T cells that produce IL-21 contribute to joint inflammation by activating synovial fibroblasts in rheumatoid arthritis patients.

Sharing extra spots could ease West End parking woes
Renting out unused residential parking could be the answer to chronic parking shortages in Vancouver's West End, according to a new University of British Columbia study that compared residential parking stalls with building occupancy in the neighborhood.

UKCRIC to deliver world-leading research on cities and infrastructure
New state-of-the-art new facilities to upgrade the nation's infrastructure will be created at 11 universities as part of the UK Collaboratorium for Research on Infrastructure and Cities (UKCRIC).

Plasmonic device offers broadband modulation to optical links at 100gbit/s
Researchers from Switzerland, Germany and the US have collaborated to develop a new way to impart information into the light signals sent over the Internet's optical fiber networks using broadband plasmonic modulators.

Study finds knowledge gaps on protecting cultural sites from climate change
Many cultural sites are vulnerable to climate-related changes such as rising sea levels, coastal erosion and flooding from stronger storms.

New avalanche and snow burial practice guidelines released by wilderness medical society
Each year, there are over 150 avalanche fatalities in the US and Europe, with most deaths occurring among recreational groups that include skiers, snowboarders, snowmobilers, and mountaineers.

Research finds a majority endorsing revenge porn
Research by psychologists at the University of Kent has found that a majority of people would endorse the use of revenge porn and that those who actually post it have a distinct personality profile.

Scientists create artificial mouse 'embryo' from stem cells for first time
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have managed to create a structure resembling a mouse embryo in culture, using two types of stem cells -- the body's 'master cells' -- and a 3-D scaffold on which they can grow.

What global climate change may mean for leaf litter in streams and rivers
Carbon emissions from streams and rivers are expected to increase as warmer water temperatures stimulate faster rates of organic matter breakdown.

CCNY-based team develops sustainable, high energy density battery
Researchers at The City College of New York-based CUNY Energy Institute announce the development of a novel low cost, rechargeable, high energy density battery that makes the widespread use of solar and wind power possible in the future.

UTHealth receives $2.4 million grant to drive action-oriented research on healthier cities
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has awarded a three-year, $2.4 million grant to The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) to create the Healthy Cities Research Hub: Exploring Drivers of Diabetes and Other Chronic Diseases.

Probing seven worlds with NASA's James Webb Space Telescope
With the discovery of seven earth-sized planets around the TRAPPIST-1 star 40 light years away, astronomers are looking to the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope to help us find out if any of these planets could possibly support life.

Timing of anti-donor antibody responses affects the survival of kidney transplants
Kidney rejection initiated by antibodies that were present before transplantation is linked with a better outcome that rejection due to antibodies that arise after transplantation.

Exploring the world of the Madeleine McCann trolls
University of Huddersfield psychology researchers have entered the world of internet trolls and their abusive, aggressive language, directed towards those who disagree with them.

Scientists wage fight against aging bone marrow stem cell niche
As people get older so do the hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) that form their blood, creating an increased risk for compromised immunity and certain blood cancers.

'Super-deep' diamonds may hold new information about Earth's interior
Researchers believe that it is possible for natural diamonds to form at the base of the Earth's mantle.

Researchers report first known case of CTE in patient with no known head trauma
Researchers at Toronto Western Hospital's Canadian Concussion Centre (CCC) have discovered the presence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in the brain of a deceased patient with no known history of traumatic brain injury or concussion, the first known case of its kind.

Too many patients get liver tests they don't need, which can raise fears and costs
Doctors are ordering too many liver-related blood tests at the same time, new research shows, which may lead to unneeded worry, biopsies and costs.

Robo-journalism: Journalists on their robot pretenders
In spite of its limitations, automated journalism will expand. According to media researchers, this development underlines the need for critical, contextualized journalism.

Powerful RNA-based technology could help shape the future of therapeutic antibodies
Using antibodies to treat disease has been one of the great success stories of early 21st-century medicine.

While most melanoma survivors limit sun exposure, some report getting suntans and sunburns
Survivors of melanoma were more likely to limit exposure to the sun than people who had never had the disease, but some still reported seeking out suntans and getting sunburns.

In a bad flu season, high-dose flu vaccine appeared better at preventing deaths in seniors
Older adults are at high risk for serious complications from flu and account for a majority of flu-related deaths and hospitalizations.

Water-repellent nanotextures found to have excellent anti-fogging abilities
Nanotextures inspired by the cone-shaped structures found on the surface of cicada wings could inform new designs for materials prone to fogging, such as car and aircraft windshields.

100,000-year-old human skulls from east Asia reveal complex mix of trends in time, space
Two partial archaic human skulls, from the Lingjing site, Xuchang, central China, provide a new window into the biology and populations patterns of the immediate predecessors of modern humans in eastern Eurasia.

UTHealth part of unprecedented NHLBI grant to bring adult whole genome sequencing to clinical space
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, in collaboration with the Human Genome Sequencing Center at Baylor College of Medicine, is a participant in a $500 million program of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine program to bring whole genome sequencing and other 'omic' technologies that monitor the expression of the genome in response to the environment to the forefront of clinical research.

City of Hope researchers discover how breast cancer spreads to the brain
Ninety percent of cancer deaths are from cancer spread. Breast cancer patients, for example, typically do not die because cancer returns in their breast, they die because it spreads to other parts of their body.

Save the dates for upcoming ESMO meetings
Save the dates and join us at the many events ESMO is hosting in 2017.

Save the date: EarthScope National Meeting convenes for the last time, May 2017
Geoscientists from all over the country will soon gather in Anchorage, Alaska, for the final EarthScope National Meeting held May 16-18, 2017, at the Dena'ina Convention Center.

Researchers store computer operating system and short movie on DNA
Columbia University and the New York Genome Center (NYGC) show that an algorithm designed for streaming video on a cellphone can unlock DNA's nearly full storage potential by squeezing more information into its four base nucleotides.

To improve our political climate, change the questions we ask
Our fractured political climate in the United States might be made worse by how we approach difficult problems, researchers say in the journal Science.

New path suggested for nuclear fusion
Scientists at Rice University, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Chile offer a glimpse into a possible new path toward the production of energy through nuclear fusion.

Denmark to honor late Nobel Prize winner Dale T. Mortensen
Three years after the passing of Nobel Prize winner Dale T.

Cause of killer cardiac disease identified by new method
A team of researchers have invented a new method to identify the origin of irregular electrical 'storm waves' in the heart.

Four SAGE Publishing authors honored by the Textbook and Academic Authors Association
SAGE Publishing is pleased to announce that four authors received awards from the Textbook and Academic Authors Association (TAA).

$2.35 million grant enables better prediction of infectious disease outbreaks
Researchers at Penn State have received $2.35 million from the National Science Foundation to study disease transmission among animals with a goal of better predicting outbreaks of infectious diseases within humans.

Palbociclib in advanced breast cancer: Disadvantages predominate in certain patients
More severe side effects occur under the combination of palbociclib and letrozole in the first-line treatment of postmenopausal women.

Skulls inform biology of predecessors of modern humans in Eastern Eurasia
Two human skulls unearthed in central China have provided novel insights into an otherwise poorly understood area of human evolution; namely, the biology of the immediate predecessors of modern humans in eastern Eurasia.

Researchers can predict terrorist behaviors with more than 90 percent accuracy
Government agencies cannot always use social media and telecommunication to uncover the intentions of terrorists as terrorists are now more careful in utilizing these technologies for planning and preparing for attacks.

University of Leicester researchers measure Big Ben's bong
Engineers contribute to major BBC documentary on sound and reveal why Big Ben produces distinct tone.

Hand-picked specialty crops 'ripe' for precision agriculture techniques
Precision agriculture techniques could have substantial financial benefits for producers of hand-picked specialty crops, according to a new paper by Richard Sowers, a professor of engineering and of mathematics at the University of Illinois.

The 2013 Bingham Canyon landslide, moment by moment
University of Utah geoscientists have revisited the slide with a combined analysis of aerial photos, computer modeling, and seismic data to pick apart the details. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to