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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | March 06, 2017


Study shows how skates, rays and sharks sense electrical fields
Sharks, rays and skates can hunt for prey hidden in the sandy sea floor by 'listening' for faint traces of bioelectricity -- they can literally sense their prey's heart beating.
Study finds knee surgery holds even in heavier patients
A new study by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center found that heavier patients had no greater risk of their meniscus repair surgery failing than those who weren't as heavy.
EU researchers aim to halve CO2 footprint of carbon fiber production
Researchers from across Europe, led by University of Limerick (UL), Ireland, have begun a project to produce carbon fibre from forestry by-products.
A kidney disease's genetic clues are uncovered
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have identified genes that are linked to the underlying molecular defect in people with IgA nephropathy, an autoimmune kidney disease.
Random process analysis could give a woman more information about which infertility treatment is best
It's been used to study automobile cruise control systems and population growth of certain animal species, and now researchers think Markov modeling could one day help a woman and her physician better peruse infertility treatment options.
Study finds disruptive children do not inspire similar behavior in their siblings
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that the disruptive behavior of individual children does not encourage similar behavior in their brothers and sisters.
Fighting blindness: TSRI scientists bring a key protein into focus
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered how a protein called α2δ4 establishes proper vision.
Low-cost monitoring device uses light to quickly detect oil spills
Researchers have developed a simple device that can detect an oil spill in water and then pinpoint the type of oil present on the surface.
Save the date: Major research conference on child development in Austin - April 6-8, 2017
The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) will hold its Biennial Meeting in Austin at the Austin Convention Center from April 6-8, 2017.
Research survey evaluates attitudes toward microfluidics-based cell culture
A new article published in Future Science OA from Shery Huang and colleagues at the University of Cambridge has attempted to address this issue by determining the ideal qualities of such technology from the point of view of the end users, the biomedical community.
Researchers discover new variant on notorious resistance gene
Polymyxin antibiotics are used as a last resort to treat certain multidrug resistant bacteria.
Blood pressure could be more effectively controlled as new treatment target is discovered
New more effective treatments for high blood pressure could be possible thanks to the discovery that the nitric oxide that regulates blood pressure is formed in nerves rather than in the walls of blood vessels.
Breakthrough in live coral imaging
Interdisciplinarity Scientists at University of Copenhagen (Denmark), University of Technology Sydney (Australia), and Oregon Health University (USA) have used a well-known biomedical imaging technique called optical coherence tomography (OCT) to obtain fascinating insights to the structural organization and dynamics of reef-building corals.
Break the two-hour marathon record? It could be done today
A team led by the University of Colorado Boulder has laid out a series of mathematical calculations showing how one or more of the world's elite men marathoners could break the storied two-hour mark, shaving about four and a half minutes off the current world record.
SF State researchers create new tool that measures active learning in classrooms
A new tool developed by San Francisco State researchers that uses classroom sounds may solve the biggest outstanding question in undergraduate science education ? namely, what teaching methods are actually being used in college classrooms, and how can they be monitored?
Virtual reality training for 'safety-critical' jobs
New virtual reality training could help prevent accidents in 'safety-critical' industries like the NHS, aviation, the military and nuclear power.
One-two punch may floor worst infections
The scientists discovered the antiprotozoal drug pentamidine disrupts the cell surface of Gram-negative bacteria, even the most resistant.
World's largest autism genome database shines new light on many 'autisms'
The newest study from the Autism Speaks MSSNG project -- the world's largest autism genome sequencing program -- identified an additional 18 gene variations that appear to increase the risk of autism.
Gender bias may hamper evaluations of female emergency medicine residents
Implicit gender bias has long been suspected in many medical training programs, but until recently has been difficult to study objectively.
Bubble-recoil could be used to cool microchips, even in space
The bubbles that form on a heated surface create a tiny recoil when they leave it, like the kick from a gun firing blanks.
Statistics method shows networks differ in epileptic brains
A novel statistical approach to analyzing data from patients with epilepsy, developed at Rice University, reveals details about their brains' internal networks.
Inflammation in regeneration: A friend or foe?
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have discovered a novel mechanism linking inflammation and organ regeneration in fish, which can be conserved among vertebrates.
Cosmic environments and their influence in star formation
In a joint collaboration between the California Institute of Technology and the University of California, Riverside, astronomers have performed an extensive study of the properties of galaxies within filaments formed at different times during the age of the universe.
Robot uses social feedback to fetch objects intelligently
By enabling them to ask a question when they're confused, an algorithm developed at Brown University helps robots get better at fetching objects, an important task for future robot assistants.
A new approach to improving lithium-sulfur batteries
Researchers from the University of Delaware and China's Northwestern Polytechnical University, Shenzhen University and Hong Kong Polytechnic University have demonstrated a new polysulfide entrapping strategy that greatly improves the cycle stability of Li-S batteries.
Direct-to-consumer telehealth may drive up medical spending by encouraging new care
Direct-to-consumer telehealth services are touted as a convenient way to get care for minor ailments -- far less costly and easier than going to a doctor's office or hospital emergency department.
$1.1 million grant funds study on why early pregnancy prevents breast cancer
Biomedical scientist Rajkumar Lakshmanaswamy, Ph.D., has received a $1.1 million research grant from the US Department of Defense (DOD) to study how early pregnancy reduces a woman's risk for breast cancer.
The Estée Lauder companies R&D creates new model explaining why periorbital skin ages faster
The Estée Lauder Companies (NYSE: EL) Research & Development (R&D) announced today a new biomechanical eye model that mimics mechanical stress on peri-orbital skin from the blinking movement to study the cellular impact as a function of age.
Women less likely to be academic grand rounds speakers than men
Data supports the notion that there may be a gender bias in speaker selection at academic grand rounds.
Skin testing, computerized support tool can improve antibiotic use in hospital inpatients
Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital investigators have developed two approaches to increasing the use of penicillins and cephalosporins -- highly effective antibiotics that are not as problematic as many alternatives -- in hospitalized patients previously believed to be allergic to penicillin.
USDA announces $1.35 million to support data-driven farm management practices
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $1.35 million in available funding to provide agricultural producers with training and data to strengthen their business management skills.
1 in 5 residents overuses electricity at neighbors' expense
Household electricity use falls by more than 30 percent when residents are obliged to pay for their own personal consumption.
Study shows US grasslands affected more by atmospheric dryness than precipitation
According to 33 years of remote sensing data, productivity of US grasslands is more sensitive to dryness of the atmosphere than precipitation, important information for understanding how ecosystems will respond to climate change.
New blood test could help detect and locate cancer early on
Bioengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a new blood test that could detect cancer -- and locate where in the body the tumor is growing.
Vaginal progesterone reduces the rate of preterm birth
Treatment with vaginal progesterone reduced the risk of preterm birth, neonatal complications and death in pregnant women with twins and who have a short cervix -- a risk factor for preterm birth -- according to a meta-analysis of individual patient data by researchers at the National Institutes of Health, the Wayne State University School of Medicine, the Detroit Medical Center, and other institutions in the United States and abroad.
Religious participation may serve to strengthen social bonds
By analyzing how peoples' religious practice correlates with their social support networks in two villages in South India, Eleanor Power of the Santa Fe Institute proposes an evolutionary benefit to religious participation.
Screening for heart disease may lead to prevention, better treatments
Through computed tomography (CT) images of the heart and other types of imaging, build-up of dangerous coronary plaques -- which restrict the flow of blood to the heart -- can be detected, even before a person develops symptoms of heart disease.
More social connection online tied to increasing feelings of isolation
The more time a young adult uses social media, the more likely they are to feel socially isolated, according to a national analysis.
Study uncovers a mechanism driving cognitive symptoms in Huntington's disease
Researchers in Akira Sawa's lab at Johns Hopkins University investigated how mutations in the protein that causes Huntington's disease interact with DISC1, a protein that is thought to be involved in schizophrenia and other mental illnesses.
USDA awards $500,000 through new behavioral science grant program
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institite of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced two grants totaling $500,000 to help pinpoint motivators that drive farmers to adopt conservation practices and identify the roadblocks that may get in the way.
Extended Use of MAO-B Inhibitors Slows Decline in Parkinson's Disease Patients
There has long been interest in whether monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) inhibitors slow progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) and improve long-term outcomes.
Infant MRIs show autism linked to increased cerebrospinal fluid
A national research network led by UNC School of Medicine's Joseph Piven, M.D., found that many toddlers diagnosed with autism at two years of age had a substantially greater amount of extra-axial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) at six and 12 months of age, before diagnosis is possible.
Soy food consumption linked to prolonged survival in some breast cancer patients
New research indicates that dietary soy products are safe and even beneficial for women diagnosed with breast cancer.
Political affiliation, weight influence your opinion on fighting obesity, study finds
Self-reported overweight people, if they were Democrats are more likely to believe genetic factors cause obesity, while Republicans who see themselves are overweight still assign eating habits and lifestyle choices as the cause, according to a new study by two University of Kansas researchers.
How molecular machines may drive the future of disease detection and drug delivery
In a study published in Nature Communications, University of Alberta researchers describe the creation of synthetic DNA motors in living cells.
The influence of stimulants on performance when playing chess
High-performance tournament chess players can actually enhance the highly complex cognitive functions they require by taking substances such as the CNS stimulant methylphenidate or the wakefulness promoter modafinil and thus win more chess matches -- unless they are under time pressure.
Computational method makes gene expression analyses more accurate
A new computational method can improve the accuracy of gene expression analyses, which are increasingly used to diagnose and monitor cancers and are a major tool for basic biological research.
Continuous pain is often not assessed during neonatal intensive care
In an analysis of 243 neonatal intensive care units from 18 European countries, investigators found that only 2113 of 6648 (31.8 percent) newborns were assessed for prolonged, continuous pain.
Muredach Reilly, Marwah Abdalla named 2017 Marjorie and Lewis Katz Scholars
Columbia University Medical Center announces that Muredach Reilly, Marwah Abdalla are the 2017 Katz Scholars.
New evidence for a water-rich history on Mars
Mars may have been a wetter place than previously thought, according to research on simulated Martian meteorites conducted, in part, at Berkeley Lab.
Patients more likely to refuse drug therapy than psychotherapy for mental health
People seeking help for mental disorders are more likely to refuse or not complete the recommended treatment if it involves only psychotropic drugs, according to a review of research published by the American Psychological Association.
Businesses seeking international legitimacy should look to China's model
Companies looking to invest in business enterprises in other countries should be aware of the influence of word-of-mouth associations, traditional and social media and historical legacy when they make their commitments -- particularly looking at China as a model.
Research into palliative care top priority for cancer patients
How and when people are referred to palliative care should be prioritised according to cancer patients, a new study in the Oncology Nursing Forum has found.
Tree growth model assists breeding for more wood
A meeting in a forest between a biologist and a mathematician could lead to thicker, faster growing trees.
New UTSA study delves into income inequality and inflation
A new study by Edgar Ghossoub, associate professor of economics at The University of Texas at San Antonio, posits that income inequality, in varying economies, can have substantial positive and negative effects for people in all walks of life depending on what kind of financial system they live under.
What's the real extent of industry payments to doctors?
More than three in every five Americans see a doctor who receives some form of payment from industry.
Study participants -- especially women -- less willing to ride in driverless ambulances
Would you ride in a driverless ambulance? In three separate studies, about half of 1,028 US adults were significantly less willing to be lifted into an automated ambulance, compared with a conventional one, researchers from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University and Florida Institute of Technology reported on March 6.
Star clusters discovery could upset the astronomical applecart
The discovery of young stars in old star clusters could send scientists back to the drawing board for one of the Universe's most common objects.
Collection of articles examines racial, gender issues in academic medicine
New research published online by JAMA Internal Medicine examines race and gender issues in academic medicine.
Available drug may protect ovaries and fertility from damage by chemotherapies
A drug already used to slow tumor growth may also prevent infertility caused by standard chemotherapies, according to a study in mice published in PNAS.
Paleolake deposits on Mars might look like sediments in Indonesia
In their GSA Bulletin article published online last week, Timothy A.
Shadow-loving insect named after Tuomas Holopainen of Nightwish
Tuomas Holopainen of the band Nightwish is a full-blooded nature person.
Gehry's Biodiversity Museum -- favorite attraction for the butterflies and moths in Panama
Ahead of Gehry's Biodiversity Museum's opening in October 2014, Ph.D.
Revealing the origin and nature of the outskirts of stellar megalopolises
This is the most detailed study of the outskirts of massive elliptical galaxies at half the age of the Universe and contributes to the understanding of how the largest galaxies of the Universe evolved over time.
Helping women progress in traditionally male dominated fields
Women are seriously under-represented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions, which are currently and historically male dominated.
Head injuries can alter hundreds of genes and lead to serious brain diseases
Head injuries can adversely affect hundreds of genes in the brain that put people at high risk for diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, post-traumatic stress disorder, stroke, ADHD, autism, depression and schizophrenia, UCLA life scientists report.
Examining whether migraine is associated with cervical artery dissection
A new study published online by JAMA Neurology examines whether a history of migraine is associated with cervical artery dissection (CEAD), a frequent cause of ischemic (blood vessel-related) stroke in young and middle-age adults, although the causes leading to vessel damage are unclear.
Cerebrospinal fluid shows promise as autism biomarker
Researchers from the UC Davis MIND Institute, University of North Carolina (UNC) and other institutions have found that altered distribution of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in high-risk infants can predict whether they will develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Tackling Lupus and its renal complications with novel small molecule drug candidate
A new international study co-led by a Rush University Medical Center researcher suggests that a drug starting through the pipeline could ameliorate or even eliminate the symptoms in most lupus sufferers.
Proper movements in Muslim prayer ritual can reduce lower back pain
Five times a day, roughly 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide, bow, kneel, and place their foreheads to the ground in the direction of the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, as part of the Islamic prayer ritual, the Salat.
Smartphone interruptions: Are yours relentless and annoying?
Does your smartphone spew a relentless stream of text messages, push alerts, social media messages and other noisy notifications?
Cancer 'hot spots' in Florida may be associated with hazardous waste sites
Florida has the sixth highest number of hazardous waste sites, known as Superfund sites, in the United States.
Scientists discover how animals measure time of year to reproduce
Animals need to measure the time of year so that they can anticipate and adapt to the arrival of a new season to align reproduction, as well as other vital functions critical for survival.
Fluciclovine PET/CT improves radiotherapy targeting for recurrent prostate cancer
The featured clinical investigation article of the March 2017 issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine demonstrates that the PET radiotracer fluciclovine (fluorine-18; F-18) can help guide and monitor targeted treatment for recurrent prostate cancer, allowing for individualized, targeted therapy.
Space energy technology restored to make power stations more efficient
Satellite-powering technology that was abandoned decades ago has been reinvented to potentially work with traditional power stations to help them convert heat to electricity more efficiently, meaning we would need less fossil fuel to burn for power.
Evaluation of emergency medicine residents points to gender bias
By the end of the third and final year of residency, evaluations of female physicians placed them three to four months behind male colleagues in the same training program.
Biophysicists propose new approach for membrane protein crystallization
Membrane proteins are of great interest to both fundamental research and applied studies (e.g., drug development and optogenetics).
New approach for matching production and consumption of renewable electricity
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is coordinating the BALANCE project, which brings together leading European research institutes in the field of electrochemical conversion.
Study IDs 90 genes in fat that may contribute to dangerous diseases
A sweeping international effort is connecting the dots between genes in our fat cells and our risk for obesity and cardiometabolic diseases such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
Patients with OCD have difficulty learning when a stimulus is safe
People who suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are poorer at learning about the safety of a stimulus than healthy volunteers, which may contribute to their struggles to overcome compulsive behavior, according to new research from the University of Cambridge.
New study sheds light on the darker side of business travel
A new study from the University of Surrey finds that regular business travelers either flourish or flounder in their role.
Better injury data management can save fire departments hundreds of thousands of dollars
A new study out of Drexel University shows that more accurately tracking injuries in the fire service can save fire departments a great amount of money and more accurately focus injury prevention efforts.
Turning food waste into tires
Researchers at the Ohio State University have discovered that food waste can partially replace the petroleum-based filler that has been used in manufacturing tires for more than a century.
Zika virus in Canadian travellers more severe than expected
A new study sheds light on the acquisition and features of Zika virus in Canadian travellers, indicating it was as commonly confirmed as dengue in people returning from the Americas and the Caribbean but more severe than expected, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Anakinra does not seem to improve fatigue severity in women with chronic fatigue syndrome
The anti-inflammatory biologic drug anakinra does not seem to reduce fatigue severity in women with chronic fatigue syndrome.
World-first synthetic receptor mimics how cells 'talk' to the world around them
Researchers from the University of Bristol have found a way to mimic the way cells in living organisms 'talk' to the world around them by creating a world-first synthetic receptor which can respond to chemical signals just like its natural equivalent.
NUS study: Safer to ride in yellow taxis
A recent study led by researchers from the National University of Singapore has found an explicit link between the color of a taxi and its accident rate.
Early deaths from childhood cancer up to 4 times more common than previously reported
Study finds that death within a month of diagnosis is more likely in very young children and those from minority racial and ethnic groups even independent of low socioeconomic status, also finding that the rate of deaths within one month of diagnosis has been previously under-reported in clinical trial data, with early deaths from some pediatric cancer subtypes up to four times as common as had been implied by clinical trial reports.
How nature creates forest diversity
Forest ecologists have long sought to understand why so many different species of trees can coexist in the same niche.
A new look at the nature of dark matter
A new study suggests that the gravitational waves detected by the LIGO experiment must have come from black holes generated during the collapse of stars, and not in the earliest phases of the Universe.
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology study looks to prevent obstetric hemorrhage
Researchers with the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative found that using a series of maternal safety toolkits and collaborating across multiple professional health care organizations could effectively reduce obstetric hemorrhage -- the most common cause of maternal death worldwide.
Cargo-carrying red blood cells alleviate autoimmune diseases in mice
Using red blood cells modified to carry disease-specific antigens, a team of scientists from Whitehead Institute and Boston Children's Hospital have prevented and alleviated two autoimmune diseases -- multiple sclerosis (MS) and type 1 diabetes --i n early stage mouse models.
Brain cells show teamwork in short-term memory: Western University study
Nerve cells in our brains work together in harmony to store and retrieve short-term memory, and are not solo artists as previously thought, Western-led brain research has determined.
NASA sees powerful Tropical Cyclone Enawo threatening Madagascar
Tropical Cyclone Enawo has continued to intensify while moving toward Madagascar.
Flashy first images arrive from NOAA's GOES-16 lightning mapper
Detecting and predicting lightning just got a lot easier. The first images from a new instrument onboard NOAA's GOES-16 satellite are giving NOAA National Weather Service forecasters richer information about lightning that will help them alert the public to dangerous weather.
QUT joins new intelligent transport center
QUT will join a new research and development center designed to deliver better transport systems for Australia, after today's announcement by the Federal Government of a $55 million grant to establish the iMOVE Collaborative Research Centre.
New materials could turn water into the fuel of the future
Scientists at Berkeley Lab and Caltech have -- in just two years -- nearly doubled the number of materials known to have potential for use in solar fuels.
Penn physician pioneers new reconstructive surgery for female genital mutilation
There is new hope for the hundreds of millions of women worldwide who have been subjected to genital mutilation.
Evidence disproving tropical 'thermostat' theory
New research findings show that as the world warmed millions of years ago, conditions in the tropics may have made it so hot some organisms couldn't survive.
Very different cities have similar potential for ride sharing
A newly published study co-authored by MIT researchers suggests that urban ride-sharing is feasible in a wide variety of cities around the globe -- and indeed that the potential 'shareability' of autos in those places is more similar, from place to place, than previously expected.
New deep learning techniques analyze athletes' decision-making
Sports analytics is routinely used to assign values to such things as shots taken or to compare player performance, but a new automated method based on deep learning techniques -- developed by researchers at Disney Research, California Institute of Technology and STATS, a supplier of sports data -- will provide coaches and teams with a quicker tool to help assess defensive athletic performance in any game situation.
Minimally invasive, less expensive treatment for uterine fibroids underutilized
A large nationwide study examining the treatment of uterine fibroids shows that the uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), a minimally invasive, image-guided treatment performed by interventional radiologists, is vastly underutilized, compared to hysterectomies -- especially in rural and smaller hospitals.
It's a bird, it's a plane, it's -- a key discovery about human memory
As Superman flies, people on the ground famously suppose they see a bird, then a plane, and then finally realize it's a superhero.
Designing the fuel-efficient aircraft of the future
University of Michigan researchers are using the Stampede supercomputer to design novel, fuel-efficient, wing designs for jets, and to develop tools that can help the industry build more efficient aircraft.
Underwater mountains help ocean water rise from abyss
scientists from MIT, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and the University of Southampton in the UK have identified a mechanism by which waters may rise from the ocean's depths to its uppermost layers.
Simple tool can predict serious adverse events in acute heart failure patients
A prospective clinical validation found the Ottawa Heart Failure Risk Scale (OHFRS) tool to be highly sensitive for serious adverse event in acute heart failure patients and can now be used in clinical practice to estimate the short-term risk of SAEs in acute heart failure patients.
Bird spiders detectives: The solution to a 200-year-old hairy mystery
Three species and three genera of birdeater spiders are described as new to science in a new paper published in the open-access journal ZooKeys.
Medicaid payment reform linked to fewer early elective deliveries
It's well documented that infants born at full term have better health outcomes.
New types of structures for cage-like clathrates
Cage-like compounds called clathrates could be used for harvesting waste heat and turning it into electricity.
Easier diagnosis of esophageal cancer
The Institute of Biological and Medical Imaging at Helmholtz Zentrum München is heading the 'Hybrid optical and optoacoustic endoscope for esophageal tracking' (ESOTRAC) research project, in which engineers and physicians together develop a novel hybrid endoscopic instrument for early diagnosis and staging of esophageal cancer.
New materials could turn water into the fuel of the future
Combining computational with experimental approaches, researchers identify 12 new materials with potential use in solar fuels generators.
Innovations to prevent heart disease take center stage at EuroPrevent congress
Innovations to prevent heart disease will take centre stage at EuroPrevent 2017 in Malaga, Spain.
Fly-over states matter when understanding -- and saving -- migratory birds
Around the world, thousands of migratory animals travel hundreds or even thousands of miles each year.
Mizzou researchers receive $1 Million NSF career grant
Administrators at the University of Missouri announced today that two paleobiologists have received the National Science Foundation's Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award.
Scientists show cognitive-enhancing drugs can improve chess play
The first study to both show and measure the effects of cognitive-enhancing drugs such as modafinil, methylphenidate (best known under the trade name Ritalin), and caffeine, on chess play is being published in the March edition of the peer-reviewed journal European Neuropsychopharmacology.
Vesicle formation findings could pave way for liquid biopsies, drug delivery devices
Engineers at Carnegie Mellon University and biomedical researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and Magee-Womens Research Institute have established a framework for understanding the mechanics that underlie vesicle formation.
Cebit 2017: Post-print customization of 3-D prints
3-D printing makes all conceivable varieties of layered, three-dimensional objects possible.
Unique protein partly to blame for worm's digestive distress
A fusion protein unique to the Orsay virus that disrupts the digestive system of only one type of worm may be modified to treat infectious diseases, according to Rice University scientists.
Imaging the inner workings of a sodium-metal sulfide battery for first time
Scientists discover that the iron sulfide battery material undergoes significant changes in its microstructure and chemical composition as sodium ions enter and leave the material during the first discharge/charge cycle, leading to an initial loss in battery capacity.
Two-thirds of Americans see docs who got paid by drug companies: Drexel University study
A new study led by Drexel University found that a majority of Americans visited doctors in the past year who had been paid or given gifts by pharmaceutical or medical device companies -- but very few patients knew about it.
Growing Australian agriculture through the Internet of Food
QUT welcomes the $210 million Food Agility CRC announced today by the Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science Senator Arthur Sinodinos.
The Darknet protects itself by being more robust against attacks
URV researchers have discovered why cyberattacks usually fail against the Darknet, a part of the internet that guarantees users' privacy and anonymity.
Dartmouth study finds modern hunter-gatherers relocate to maximize foraging efficiency
As bumblebees forage for nectar, at a certain point, they will move to another area once their search for food becomes too inefficient -- a behavior, also observed among other animals, which conforms to the 'marginal value theorem.' In like manner, groups of modern hunter-gatherers do the same according to a Dartmouth study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
AGU's newest open access journal GeoHealth publishes first articles
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) and Wiley today announced that GeoHealth, AGU's newest open access journal, has published its first set of articles.
Mouse arrest
The results of a new study reveal that a professional pest management intervention was no better in decreasing asthma symptoms in children allergic to mice than teaching families how to reduce the level of allergens shed by mice in the home on their own.
Boosting your own defenses against heart disease
A protein found in the heart that is known to be involved in cellular stress responses in cancer cells is now believed to play a critical role in the ability of cardiac cells to combat heart disease and recover from a heart attack.
The cold exterminated all of them
Researchers from UNIGE discovered that the extinction from Permian-Triassic took place during a short ice age which preceded the global climate warming.
Despite changes, revised immigration executive order will cause health care crises
President Trump's revised executive order on immigration clarifies that those from the 6 designated countries with existing visas, including physicians and medical students, will be able to enter and reenter the US as recommended by ACP.
Electronic system lowers wait times for access to specialists
Low-income patients served by the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services (DHS) waited significantly less time to receive specialty care after DHS implemented an electronic system aimed at expediting access to specialists, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.
New method rescues donor organs to save lives
Researchers from Columbia Engineering and Columbia University Medical Center have -- for the first time -- maintained a fully functional lung outside the body for several days.
Maintaining an active sex life may lead to improved job satisfaction, engagement in work
Maintaining a healthy sex life at home boosts employees' job satisfaction and engagement at the office, underscoring the value of a strong work-life balance, an Oregon State University researcher has found.
NASA takes a double-look at Tropical Cyclone Blanche
Tropical Cyclone Blanche formed on March 5 near Australia's Top End, and made landfall the next day as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead gathering images in visible and infrared light.
Only 1 in 5 patients seeking specialist for resistant HBP take meds as prescribed
Only one in five patients seeking specialty care for hard-to-control high blood pressure (resistant hypertension) are taking all their prescribed medications.
New study shines light on photosynthesis
Researchers have solved a longstanding mystery in photosynthesis, a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy.
Study finds racial disparities in top medical society membership
Black and Asian medical school students are less likely to be selected for membership in a prestigious medical honor society, Alpha Omega Alpha (AA), than white medical school students, according to a Yale-led study.

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