Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 09, 2017
Opioids before surgery means higher costs, more problems afterward, U-M study finds
Surgery patients often go home from the hospital with a prescription for painkillers to take as they recover.

Hubble dates black hole's last big meal
The massive black hole ate its last big meal about 6 million years ago, when it consumed a large clump of infalling gas.

Why guillemot chicks leap from the nest before they can fly
Before they have the wing span to actually permit them to fly, young guillemots (also known as murres) leap hundreds of metres off towering cliffs and flutter down towards the sea, guided by their fathers.

MIPT physicists predict the existence of unusual optical composites
Artificial regular structures, photonic crystals and metamaterials can exhibit rather unusual optical properties, which dramatically differ from the properties of natural crystals.

Canada continues to punch above its weight in the field of regenerative medicine
A new workshop report, Building on Canada's Strengths in Regenerative Medicine, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies (CCA), confirms that Canadian researchers continue to be recognized as scientific leaders in the field of regenerative medicine and stem cell science.

Petrol and jet fuel alternatives are produced by yeast cell factories
There have been many attempts to modify this stubborn little enzyme, but none have succeeded.

Researchers assemble five new synthetic chromosomes
A global research team has built five new synthetic yeast chromosomes, meaning that 30 percent of a key organism's genetic material has now been swapped out for engineered replacements.

NIH-funded study helps explain how zebrafish recover from blinding injuries
Researchers at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee have discovered that in zebrafish, decreased levels of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) cue the retina, the light-sensing tissue in the back of the eye, to produce stem cells.

Launchpad Leicestar: Multi-million pound investment gives 'space city' project lift-off
The University of Leicester helps secure investment in space science and Earth observation technologies.

Social phobia: Indication of a genetic cause
People with social anxiety avoid situations in which they are exposed to judgment by others.

China faces science reform challenges, including favoritism
In this Policy Forum, Cong Cao and Richard P. Suttmeier highlight the immense work and challenges China will encounter as it attempts to reform its scientific and technological development strategy.

Genetics Society of America honors David Kingsley with 2017 GSA Medal
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that David Kingsley, Ph.D., is the 2017 recipient of the GSA Medal for outstanding contributions to the field of genetics in the past 15 years.

How big brains evolved could be revealed by new mathematical model
A new mathematical model could help clarify what drove the evolution of large brains in humans and other animals, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

'Recycling protein' shown to affect learning and memory in mice
Learning and memory depend on cells' ability to strengthen and weaken circuits in the brain.

NIH-funded Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group details progress, challenges
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases provided funding to establish an Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group to develop, prioritize and implement a clinical research agenda to address the growing public health threat of antibiotic resistance.

Greater insight into basic biology of pain will reveal non-addictive remedies
The medical community needs a better understanding of the biology of pain and how it plays out in individuals to be able to combat the national epidemic of addiction to painkillers.

Free lung-cancer screening in the Augusta area finds more than double the cancer rate of previous screenings
The first year of free lung cancer screening in the Augusta, Ga., area found more than double the rate seen in a previous large, national study as well as a Massachusetts-based screening for this No.

Molecules form gels to help cells sense and respond to stress
A specific protein inside cells senses threatening changes in its environment, such as heat or starvation, and triggers an adaptive response to help the cell continue to function and grow under stressful conditions, according to a new study by scientists from the University of Chicago.

Erectile dysfunction drugs are safe, possibly beneficial after heart attack
Men who filled prescriptions for erectile dysfunction drugs in the years following a heart attack had a substantially lower risk of dying or being hospitalized for heart failure than men who did not use these drugs, according to a study scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

GW researchers develop test to study potency for neglected tropical disease vaccine
Researchers at the George Washington University have developed a way to test recombinant vaccines for their ability to stay effective after years of storage.

Investment key in adapting to climate change in West Africa
Climate change will likely have negative impacts on food production in West Africa, but a new study provides insights on how strategic planning by decision makers could ease or exacerbate food security challenges in the region.

Penn researcher calls on the scientific community to defend individuals with disabilities
The potential repeal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) threatens to eliminate critical mental and behavioral health services for people living with autism and other disabilities.

Innovate Indiana Fund invests in early-stage payment-fraud analytics company
Rippleshot received an investment from the Innovate Indiana Fund as part of a larger $2.6 million round of funding in February.

Researchers flip a magnetic memory cell with a light pulse at record speed
University of Minnesota electrical and computer engineering researchers have created a magnetic tunnel junction that can be switched by a pulse of light lasting one trillionth of a second -- a new record.

Personalized medicine, proton therapy, more advances in lung cancer at upcoming symposium
The press program for next week's 2017 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium features research advances in lung cancer including immunotherapy, proton therapy and liquid biopsy, among others.

Illinois researchers create first exact model for diffusion in magnesium alloys
In order to develop new materials, material engineers need to be able to predict how fast impurity atoms diffuse, or spread, in a crystal over a range of temperatures.

Study highlights possible Achilles' heel in key immune memory cells
Genes involved in lipid metabolism are highly active in TRM cells, roughly 20- to 30-fold more active than in other types of T-cells.

NASA catches newly formed Tropical Cyclone 11S
Just after Tropical Cyclone 11S formed in the Southern Indian Ocean NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead gathering data using infrared light.

Six weeks left to register for The International Liver CongressTM 2017
With just six weeks to go until The International Liver Congress™ (ILC) 2017, time is running out to register!

Robber fly's aerial hunting skill relies on extreme visual acuity
You might expect that the miniature brains and eyes of tiny robber flies would limit their ability to launch sophisticated in-flight predatory attacks on their prey.

FRED database gathers root traits to advance understanding of below-ground plant ecology
Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists have released a new global, centralized database of plant root traits, or identifying characteristics, that can advance our understanding of how the hidden structure of plants below ground may interact with and relate to life above ground.

Researchers sound alarm over Zika's potentially harmful heart effects
As the Zika virus continues to spread globally, new evidence has emerged about the virus's potentially detrimental effects on the heart, according to data scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

Study shows how H. pylori causes white blood cells to morph
Veterans Affairs researchers and colleagues in Iowa showed in a lab study how neutrophils -- the most prevalent type of white blood cell -- undergo changes when infected by the common pathogen H. pylori.

University of Alberta research may provide solutions for the future treatment of diabetes
In a study published in the journal Diabetes, researchers at the University of Alberta found that feeding resveratrol to obese mice over a period of 6 weeks altered the makeup of the bacteria in their intestines, improving glucose tolerance.

TWAS, partners to meet on refugee scientists
An untold number of researchers, engineers and doctors are among the millions displaced by recent conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa.

Men with impaired glucose metabolism should avoid high-carbohydrate foods in the evening
According to a nutrition study led by the German Institute of Human Nutrition, the so-called internal clock also influences how people with impaired glucose metabolism react to carbohydrate-rich food.

Marijuana use associated with increased risk of stroke, heart failure
Using marijuana raises the risk of stroke and heart failure even after accounting for demographic factors, other health conditions and lifestyle risk factors such as smoking and alcohol use, according to research scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

Using nature to build nanomachines
Osaka University scientists image individual units of nano-sized rotary machines in bacteria.

New indicators to aid Crohn's disease diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis, understanding and management of Crohn's disease may have just received a helping hand from a joint ASU Biodesign Institute and Mayo Clinic study aimed at developing a better blood test for the disease.

Could fast radio bursts be powering alien probes?
The search for extraterrestrial intelligence has looked for many different signs of alien life, from radio broadcasts to laser flashes, without success.

Experts release guidelines for evaluating, managing syncope
The American College of Cardiology, with the American Heart Association and the Heart Rhythm Society, today released a guideline on the evaluation and management of patients with syncope.

Thyroid cancer patients opting for non-intervention report lack of support
Patients who choose not to intervene after a diagnosis of thyroid cancer face a challenging path -- one that is often defined by a sense of isolation and anxiety, according to a first-of-its-kind study by researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and the Veteran's Administration in White River Junction, Vermont.

NASA examines the soaking from ex-tropical Cyclone Enawo exiting Madagascar
NASA's Aqua satellite observed Ex-Tropical Cyclone Enawo leaving Madagascar, while rainfall data from the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite helped determine the amount of rainfall it brought to the country.

Federal agencies need to prepare for greater quantity, range of biotechnology products
A profusion of biotechnology products is expected over the next five to 10 years, and the number and diversity of new products has the potential to overwhelm the U.S. regulatory system, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Infants are more exposed to harmful pollution on the way to school than on the way home
Babies in prams accompanying older siblings on the school run are twice as likely to be exposed to harmful air pollution in the morning than in the afternoon, a new study has found.

AAA extends partnership with Wiley
The American Anthropological Association (AAA) today renewed its publishing agreement with Wiley, continuing a decade long partnership.

Cannabis use in people with epilepsy revealed: Australian survey
The first Australian nationwide survey on the experiences and opinions of medicinal cannabis use in people with epilepsy has revealed that 14 per cent of people with epilepsy have used cannabis products as a way to manage seizures.

OU professor receives NSF Early CAREER award
A University of Oklahoma Gallogly College of Engineering professor, Steven P.

Chronic comorbidities raise hospitalization risk in dementia
Most community-dwelling older adults with dementia have multiple other chronic diseases, which are linked to increased risk of hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits, a new retrospective study has concluded.

New 3-D technology improving patient care for complex kidney surgeries
Surgeons use unique 3-D solution to prepare for complex surgery that includes a glasses-free 3-D monitor in the operating room that allows them to navigate patient's atypical anatomy.

Study describes potential clinical test and treatment for preterm birth
Scientists identified a molecular driver of inflammation that may finally answer a key question about what causes mild systemic prenatal infections to trigger preterm birth.

Crohn's & Colitis Foundation and AGA announce conference partnership
The Crohn's & Colitis Foundation and the American Gastroenterological Association announced today that they are partnering to co-sponsor the first-ever 'Crohn's & Colitis Congress,' which will take place in Las Vegas in January 2018.

UT study: Diversity improves problem-solving success. Just ask songbirds.
Humans seeking to improve their problem-solving and survival skills can learn a thing or two from an unlikely source -- songbirds.

Introducing steel that doesn't crack under (repeated) pressure
Steel with a laminated nanosubstructure, like that seen in bones, is much more resistant to cracking that occurs from repeated stress, a new study reports.

New way to tune electronic energy levels may lead to valleytronic devices
Faster, more efficient data storage and computer logic systems could be on the horizon thanks to a new way of tuning electronic energy levels in two-dimensional films of crystal, discovered by researchers at MIT.

Gene found to cause sudden death in young people
Researchers from Canada, South Africa and Italy have identified a new gene that can lead to sudden death among young people and athletes.

NTU Singapore and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences strengthen research ties
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and China's University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS) are strengthening research and exchange ties.

Convergent con artists: How rove beetles keep evolving into army ant parasites
Marauding across the forest floor, aggressive army ant colonies harbor hidden enemies in their ranks -- parasitic beetles.

$50 million endowment establishes the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering
A $50 million endowment for the new Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering from Paul Allen and Microsoft will propel the UW to the forefront of computer science education and innovation for generations to come.

Single atom memory: The world's smallest storage medium
One bit of digital information can now be successfully stored in an individual atom.

Submission site now open for Structural Heart: The Journal of the Heart Team
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) is pleased to announce that the submission site is now open for Structural Heart: The Journal of the Heart Team.

New technologies for astronomical research
Researchers from Heidelberg, Cologne and Potsdam are involved in a project to develop a new technology in astronomy.

Asthmatics less able to fight off flu
People with asthma are likely to have worse symptoms when they get the flu because they have weaker immune systems, new Southampton research has shown.

Rosalind Franklin University announces construction of new Innovation and Research Park
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science will build a new Innovation and Research Park on its campus in North Chicago, IL, providing state-of-the-art research labs and incubator space for faculty and commercial biotech startups and national and international life science firms.

Sagan Award goes to committee chaired by Carnegie's Alan Dressler
Over 20 years ago, Carnegie astronomer emeritus Alan Dressler chaired the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Beyond Committee.

Immunotherapy trial cures Tasmanian devils of DFTD
An international study involving multiple institutions over six years has shown that immunotherapy can cure Tasmanian devils of the deadly devil facial tumour disease (DFTD).

CAS scientists review the basic and translational studies of hedgehog signaling
Previously, in recognition of their work on this topic, Prof.

New material helps record data with light
Russian physicists with their colleagues from Europe through changing the light parameters, learned to generate quasiparticles -- excitons, which were fully controllable and also helped to record information at room temperature.

First global maps of volcanic emissions use NASA satellite data
A number of volcanoes around the world continuously exhale water vapor laced with heavy metals, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide, among many other gases.

Detect. Lock on. Intercept. The remarkable hunting ability of the robber fly
A small fly the size of a grain of rice could be the Top Gun of the fly world, with a remarkable ability to detect and intercept its prey mid-air, changing direction mid-flight if necessary before sweeping round for the kill.

Rabbits' detached retina 'glued' with new hydrogel
A newly developed elastic gel administered in liquid form and shown to turn jellylike within minutes after injection into rabbits' eyes to replace the clear gelatinous fluid inside their eyeballs, may help pave the way for new eye surgery techniques, says an international team of researchers led by Japanese scientists.

Mayo Clinic researchers clarify chemo resistance, and perhaps a new therapy
Mayo Clinic scientists have identified a specific protein implicated in drug resistance, as well as a possible therapeutic tool.

Additional Arctic weather data raises forecast accuracy of Japan cold waves
Increased observation of meteorological conditions in the Arctic's upper atmosphere from land-based weather stations and a sea-going research vessels improves the accuracy of cold wave forecasts for Japan and North America's East Coast.

Pelvic fractures may increase older adults' risk of dying early
Adults older than 60 years face an increased risk of dying in the first eight months following a pelvic fracture, new research indicates.

Keeping liquids off the wall
The Slosh Coating investigation tests using a liquid-repellant coating inside a container to control the movement of liquids in microgravity.

Studying magnetic space explosions with NASA missions
Magnetic explosions happen constantly all across the universe, and new results with NASA's ARTEMIS mission help explain how near-Earth explosions convert energy into heat and propel particles toward Earth.

Chemical that detects plaques in Alzheimer's brains extends lifespan of roundworms
While many anti-aging drugs don't live up to their claim, a tightly replicated study by Rutgers and a group of researchers from around the country discovered that a chemical used to detect amyloid plaques found in the brains of those with Alzheimer's extended the lifespan of thousands of roundworms similar in molecular form, function and genetics to humans.

Study: Medicare prescription drug benefit reduced elderly mortality by more than 2 percent
The implementation of Medicare's prescription drug benefit program has reduced elderly mortality by 2.2 percent annually since 2006, says a new study by Julian Reif, a professor of finance and of economics at Illinois.

Unhealthy diets linked to more than 400,000 cardiovascular deaths
Eating a diet lacking in healthy foods and/or high in unhealthy foods was estimated to contribute to more than 400,000 deaths from heart and blood vessel diseases in the United States in 2015.

Targeting cancer stem cells improves treatment effectiveness and prevents metastasis
UCLA researchers have discovered that targeting cancer stem cells results in a more effective way to overcome cancer resistance and prevent the spread of squamous cell carcinoma -- the most common head and neck cancer and the second-most common skin cancer.

RNA and longevity: Discovering the mechanisms behind aging
Korean researchers suggests that NMD-mediated RNA quality control is critical for longevity in the roundworm called C. elegans, a popularly used animal for aging research.

Unexpected oxidation state for molecular plutonium discovered
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory in collaboration with the University of California - Irvine (UCI) have uncovered a significant new chemical attribute of plutonium, the identification and structural verification of the +2 oxidation state in a molecular system.

Too much TV can impact primary school readiness for kids from low-income families
Watching television for more than a couple of hours a day has been linked to lower school readiness skills in kindergarteners.

Guiding light: Sandia creates 3-D metasurfaces with optical possibilities
The new Sandia metamaterials can be fabricated in multiple layers to form complex, three-dimensional meta-atoms that reflect more light than shiny gold surfaces, usually considered the ultimate in infrared reflectivity.

Study: Health agencies need clear rules for disclosing foodborne illness outbreaks
Food safety researchers are calling on public health agencies to develop clear guidelines on when to inform the public about foodborne illness outbreaks -- something which is often handled on an ad hoc basis at the local, state and federal levels.

Researchers identify a new way to promote tissue regeneration
Researchers have identified an immune pathway that promotes the formation of a cell that can develop into new tissues and organs.

The researchers discovered an unexpected link between cancer and autism
Researchers from Turku Centre for Biotechnology have observed that a protein called SHANK prevents the spread of breast cancer cells to the surrounding tissue.

Newly discovered virus affects sex ratio of insect-killing wasps
Scientists have identified a previously unknown virus that decreases the number of female offspring of the wasps it infects, according to a PLOS Pathogens study.

The prototype of a chemical computer detects a sphere
Chemical computers are becoming ever more of a reality -- this is being proven by scientists from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw.

Scientists reveal structure of potential leishmaniasis vaccine
Leishmaniasis, caused by the bite of a sand fly carrying a Leishmania parasite, infects around a million people a year around the world.

Innovative technique greatly increases sensitivity of DNA sequencing
OICR researchers, together with international collaborators, have invented a technique to avoid a major problem with common laboratory techniques and improve the sensitivity of important cancer tests.

Study: Soils could release much more carbon than expected as climate warms
Soils could release much more CO2 than expected into the atmosphere as the climate warms, according to new research by Berkeley Lab scientists.

Iran and Middle East could adopt fully renewable electricity systems
Iran can transition to a fully renewable electricity system and financially benefit from it by 2030.

Tianjin team makes breakthrough in synthetic yeast project
Tianjin University's synthetic biology team has completed the recreation of the yeast chromosomes synV and synX with the two studies published in Science.

Dopamine neurons factor ambiguity into predictions enabling us to 'win big and win often'
In the struggle of life, evolution rewards animals that master their circumstances, especially when the environment changes.

ACR: AHCA does not go far enough to help Americans with rheumatic diseases
American College of Rheumatology President Sharad Lakhanpal, MBBS, M.D., released a statement this morning expressing concern about the American Health Care Act's (AHCA) proposed tax credits system and its failure to include a repeal of the Independent Payment Advisory Board.

American Geriatrics Society addresses American Health Care Act
As an organization dedicated to the health and well-being of us all as we age, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) today voiced opposition to several components of the newly released American Health Care Act -- legislation to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and legislation AGS experts believe would harm access to key health services for older adults, caregivers, and healthcare professionals.

Why the discovery of a bevy of quasars will boost efforts to understand galaxies' origins
Three astrophysicists, including a member of the team that recently announced a huge find of extremely distant quasars, explain how these

Novel antibiotic combination therapy overcomes deadly drug-resistant bacteria
Researchers in Cleveland, Ohio have taken a significant step toward defeating antibiotic-resistant infections by combining two different antibiotics that each block a different kind of drug-destroying enzyme secreted by bacteria.

Early pregnancy awareness may be more effective than promoting alcohol abstinence
The study, 'Pregnancy Intention and Maternal Alcohol Consumption' found that the vast majority of women with intended as well as unplanned pregnancies either stopped or decreased drinking after having a positive pregnancy test.

Five new artificial yeast chromosomes set stage for first synthetic eukaryotic genome
In a package featuring seven new studies, scientists of the Synthetic Yeast Genome Project (Sc2.0) who previously constructed a single yeast chromosome now report constructing five more - representing more than one-third of yeast's entire genome, in total.

Ammonia's role in cardiovascular health tracked in mice, human cells
Coronary artery disease is caused by plaque buildup in the vessels that deliver blood to the heart.

Poor sleep in early childhood may lead to cognitive, behavioral problems in later years
A study led by a Massachusetts General Hospital pediatrician finds that children ages 3 to 7 who don't get enough sleep are more likely to have problems with attention, emotional control and peer relationships in mid-childhood.

Northwell Health and United Therapeutics announce strategic partnership
Northwell Health's Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and United Therapeutics Corporation (NASDAQ: UTHR) announced today a strategic partnership focused on the application of bioelectronic medicine and cell therapy to cardiology, hypertension and post-transplant tolerance induction.

Beyond a reasonable doubt? Study reveals how eyewitness testimonies go wrong
Eyewitnesses testimonies are extremely compelling forms of evidence. But, it's not foolproof -- just ask the 242 people mistakenly identified by eyewitnesses who served years in prison for crimes they did not commit until they were exonerated thanks to the introduction of DNA testing.

Fish and mercury: Detailed consumption advisories would better serve women across US
Among women of childbearing age in the US, fish consumption has increased in recent years while blood mercury concentrations have decreased, suggesting improved health for women and their babies, a new study shows.

MSU tackles concussions by bringing new sensor to market
Two Michigan State University chemists are bringing their impact sensors to market.

Penn engineers' 'photonic doping' makes class of metamaterials easier to fabricate
By carefully combining multiple structures, metamaterials can exhibit properties that don't naturally exist.

Optimized sensors to study learning and memory
Scientists at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience are working to understand how molecules send messages throughout the neuron.

UAB to launch statewide genetics initiative for better health for all Alabama residents
The Alabama Genomic Health Initiative will recruit a diverse group of participants from every county in Alabama and provide genomic analysis and interpretation to this group free of charge.

Wyss Institute and Lumos Labs launch research collaboration on memory of high performing individuals
Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard Medical School (HMS)'s Personal Genome Project (PGP) announced today a new collaboration with Lumos Labs, makers of brain training program Lumosity.

Sickle cell gene linked to elevated risk of developing kidney failure
Sickle cell trait, a common hemoglobin variant in African-Americans, was associated with a twofold higher risk of developing kidney failure requiring dialysis.

Low gluten diets may be associated with higher risk of type 2 diabetes
Diets higher in gluten were associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

New NHS safety investigator must become fully independent body
The new NHS safety investigator for England, which starts work in April 2017, must become a fully independent body through primary legislation, according to healthcare safety experts writing in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Study: LGBTQ+ individuals at high risk to be victims of violence
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people are at high risk for being victims of physical and sexual assault, harassment, bullying, and hate crimes, according to a new study by RTI International.

Harnessing ADHD for business success
The symptoms of ADHD foster important traits associated with entrepreneurship.

Levels of ceramides in the blood help predict cardiovascular events
Measuring concentrations of a class of lipids known as ceramides in the blood may hold the key to helping clinicians identify individuals with suspected coronary heart disease who need treatment or should be followed more closely, according to research scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session.

Improving symptom tracking in multiple sclerosis
With a recent two-year, $833,000 grant from the US Department of Defense, kinesiology professor Richard van Emmerik and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst hope to eventually help an estimated 1 million people worldwide living with progressive multiple sclerosis by creating an improved diagnostic test for this form of the disease, which is characterized by a steady decrease in nervous system function.

'Blurred times' in a quantum world
When measuring time, we normally assume that clocks do not affect space and time, and that time can be measured with infinite accuracy at nearby points in space.

Fish eyes may hold key to regenerating human retinas
Research into retinal regeneration in zebrafish has identified a signal that appears to trigger the self-repair process, raising the possibility that human retinas can also be induced to regenerate, naturally repairing damage caused by degenerative retinal diseases and injury, including age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa.

Mice, not just primates, feel the impulse of contagious itching
The strong impulse to scratch after observing another person perform the act, known as contagious itching, affects mice, too, a new study reports.

Shale gas production: Views from the energy roller coaster
Geoscientists from the Northeastern and North-Central US and beyond will convene in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on 19-21 March to discuss hot-topic science, expand on current findings, and explore the region's unique geologic features.

Scientists effectively disrupt communication between parasites that spread disease
A new intervention developed by Bar-Ilan University scientists to tamper with parasites' communication system may lead to the development of drugs to treat, and prevent the spread of, devastating diseases such as African sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis and Chagas' disease.

Cross-species jumps may play unexpectedly big role in virus evolution
On occasion, a virus may jump from one host species to another and adapt to the new host.

Why do we develop high blood pressure?
Abnormally high blood pressure, or hypertension, may be related to changes in brain activity and blood flow early in life.

Cedars-Sinai neuroscientists pinpoint key gene controlling tumor growth in brain cancers
Cedars-Sinai investigators have identified a stem cell-regulating gene that affects tumor growth in patients with brain cancer and can strongly influence survival rates of patients.

New research shows promise in disabling cancer's defences
Part of what makes cancer cells so devastating is their ability to fight back against treatments -- sometimes they work, sometimes they don't.

Brain hardwired to respond to others' itching
Itching is a highly contagious behavior. When we see someone scratch, we're likely to feel itchy, too.

Hormonal contraceptives and hair dyes increase breast cancer risk
Age is the most important risk factor of breast cancer but current study suggests that the use of hormonal intrauterine device increases the breast cancer risk significantly.

Potential drug candidates halt prostate and breast cancer growth
Scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have designed two new drug candidates to target prostate and triple negative breast cancers.

Flame retardant chemicals may affect social behavior in young children
Some chemicals added to furniture, electronics and numerous other goods to prevent fires may have unintended developmental consequences for young children, according to a pilot study released today.

Brain is 10 times more active than previously measured, UCLA researchers find
A new UCLA study could change scientists' understanding of how the brain works -- and could lead to new approaches for treating neurological disorders and for developing computers that 'think' more like humans.

Researchers hone in on when, where Zika virus attacks
The Zika virus attacks tissues in the nervous system, male and female reproductive and urinary tracts, muscles, joints and lymph nodes, and persists for at least 35 days, according to a study conducted in a nonhuman primate model by a multidisciplinary team of researchers at OHSU in Portland, Oregon.

Female pessimism about pay could sustain the gender pay gap
Efforts to end the gender pay gap could be thwarted by the tendency for women to be pessimistic about their earning potential, shows new research from the University of Bath.

Researchers discover how neurons tell each other to die under trauma, disease
Neuroscientists have found that healthy neurons receive messages from injured neighbors that can lead to death.

Hair loss and prostate drug linked to persistent erectile dysfunction in men
Men with longer exposure to the drugs finasteride and dutasteride had a higher risk of getting persistent erectile dysfunction than men with less exposure, reports a new study.

Hard choices? Ask your brain's dopamine
Salk researchers learn how dopamine governs ongoing decisions, yielding insights into Parkinson's, drug addiction.

The intestine has a reservoir of stem cells that are resistant to chemotherapy
Researchers at the IRB Barcelona headed by ICREA investigator Eduard Batlle, head of the Colorectal Cancer Laboratory, have discovered a new group of intestinal stem cells with very different characteristics to those of the abundant and active stem cells already known in this organ.

Final biomedical trial on captive chimpanzees is first oral Ebola vaccine for saving wild apes
Oral vaccine offers hope for ape species ravaged by Ebola and other diseases, as it can be widely dispersed to save more wild animals.

University of South Carolina discovery of widespread platinum may help solve Clovis people mystery
No one knows for certain why the Clovis people and iconic beasts -- mastodon, mammoth and saber-toothed tiger -- living some 12,800 years ago suddenly disappeared.

Cancer immunotherapy: Revived T cells still need fuel
Drugs targeting the PD-1 pathway are often described as 'releasing the brakes' on killer T cells.

The Lancet: Chinese oldest-old population is growing but individuals have poorer physical and cognitive function
The number of people living beyond 80 years old -- from octogenarians to centenarians -- in China is growing but they have poorer physical and cognitive function compared with their counterparts from 10 years ago, according to the largest study of its kind, published in The Lancet.

Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating innovative 2-D layered hybrid perovskites that allow greater freedom in designing and fabricating efficient optoelectronic devices.

Microwave helmet yields fast and safe evaluation of head injuries
Health care professionals get vital information and can quickly decide on appropriate treatment if patients affected by traumatic brain injury are examined using a microwave helmet.

Songs that make robots cry
Machine learning writes songs that elicits emotions from its listeners.

Surprise: Transport proteins evolved long before their compounds emerged
Danish scientists from the DynaMo Center, University of Copenhagen, bridge an important gap that changes our understanding of the evolution of plant transport proteins.

Bilateral tinnitus is hereditary
Researchers have been able to demonstrate the hereditary nature of certain forms of tinnitus.

Conformity is not a universal indicator of intelligence in children, study says
Because innovation is part of the American culture, adults in the United States may be less likely to associate children's conformity with intelligence than adults from other populations, according to research from developmental psychologists at the University of Texas at Austin.

Artificial intelligence and robots to make offshore windfarms safer and cheaper
The University of Manchester is leading a consortium to investigate advanced technologies, including robotics and artificial intelligence, for the operation and maintenance of offshore windfarms.

Springer Nature SciGraph: Supporting open science and the wider understanding of research
Springer Nature is giving a boost to researchers with the launch of its new Springer Nature SciGraph.

Funders need to take more responsibility for the efficiency of the research they fund
Health research around the world depends heavily on funding from agencies which distribute public funds.

Rice's Baker Institute receives $3.2 million grant to study effects of US tax and spending policies
Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy has received a five-year, $3.2 million grant from the Charles Koch Foundation to fund a program to examine the dynamic effects of major fiscal policies.

Scientists identify a key barrier to proliferation of insulin-producing cells.
Researchers have long sought to understand why beta cells often fail to proliferate in people who develop insulin resistance and go on to develop type 2 diabetes.

Overweight and obese people are burdened by cardiovascular disease at younger ages
Overweight and obese people have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease in their lifetime.

To buckle or not to buckle
Researchers analyze the stability of chains of magnetic balls under the influence of gravity, giving insight into unstretchable materials used in architecture.

People who trust their doctor tend to feel better
Confidence in doctors, therapists and nursing staff leads to an improvement in subjectively perceived complaints, satisfaction and quality of life in patients.

Conquering metal fatigue
Researchers have found a way to greatly reduce the effects of fatigue in steel by incorporating a laminated nanostructure into the material.

Scientists describe a function for autophagy in germline stem-cell proliferation
Scientists study the germline of the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans to identify the mechanisms that control stem cell proliferation and homeostasis, as well as to advance our molecular understanding of homologous signaling pathways in humans.

Alcoholism may be caused by dynamical dopamine imbalance
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, Indiana University and the Russian Academy of Sciences Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Applied Physics have identified potential alcoholism mechanisms, associated with altered dopaminergic neuron response to complex dynamics of prefrontal cortex neurones affecting dopamine release.

Carbon-based approaches for saving rainforests should include biodiversity studies
Conservationists working to safeguard tropical forests often assume that old growth forests containing great stores of carbon also hold high biodiversity, but a new study finds that the relationship may not be as strong as once thought, according to a group of researchers with contributions from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and other organizations.

First fully artificial yeast genome has been designed
Working as part of an international research consortium, a multidisciplinary team at The Johns Hopkins University has completed the design phase for a fully synthetic yeast genome.

Volcano breath: Measuring sulfur dioxide from space
In a new study published in Scientific Reports this week, a team led by researchers from Michigan Technological University created the first, truly global inventory for volcanic sulfur dioxide emissions, using data from the Dutch-Finnish Ozone Monitoring Instrument on NASA's Earth Observing System Aura satellite launched in 2004.

Primary care as a first-line defense for treating and identifying postpartum depression
The study, funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), will evaluate whether providing initial depression treatment in a primary care setting will result in fewer disparities for low-income women, as well as when during the pregnancy and postpartum period is the most accurate time to screen for depression.

RAND study examines 200 real-world 'zero-day' software vulnerabilities
Zero-day software vulnerabilities -- security holes that developers haven't fixed or aren't aware of --- can lurk undetected for years, leaving software users particularly susceptible to hackers.

ASHG applauds passage of Canadian Genetic Non-Discrimination Act
The American Society of Human Genetics applauds yesterday's passage of S-201, the Genetic Non-Discrimination Act, in a 222-60 vote by the Parliament of Canada's House of Commons. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to