Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 10, 2017
Potential approach to how radioactive elements could be 'fished out' of nuclear waste
Manchester scientists have revealed how arsenic molecules might be used to 'fish out' the most toxic elements from radioactive nuclear waste -- a breakthrough that could make the decommissioning industry even safer and more effective.

New research identifies New Bedford Harbor as major source of airborne PCBs
Sediment contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyl, or PCBs, from the bottom of the New Bedford Harbor is the No.

CNIC coordinates an EU project to foster partnership between researchers in academia and industry
The Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC) coordinates an EU project to foster partnership between researchers in academia and industry.

In new book, MIT linguist expands the horizons of language analysis
In a new book, MIT linguist expands the horizons of language analysis.

Mayo discovers high-intensity aerobic training can reverse aging processes in adults
Everyone knows that exercise is good for you, but what type of training helps most, especially when you're older -- say over 65?

Benefits of university seed cap programs
When seed funding for start-up companies comes from the universities where the technologies have been developed, benefits go well beyond the money necessary to conduct business.

Halting nearsightedness epidemic goal of UH vision scientist
Funded by a $1.9 million grant from the NIH's National Eye Institute, UH College of Optometry's Earl Smith is looking at how certain aspects of indoor lighting affect eye growth and testing a new pharmaceutical agent that has shown promise in slowing the development of myopia.

Cebit 2017: Computational biologists predict antibiotic resistances using biotech
Every year, some 25,000 people die in the European Union from antibiotic-resistant, hard to treat bacteria.

Single molecule switch
The progressing miniaturization of electronic components will reach a fundamental barrier at the dimension of single atoms.

Information avoidance
People deliberately avoid information that threatens their happiness and wellbeing.

Could a diabetes drug be used for Motor Neurone Disease?
A diabetes drug could one day be used to treat neurodegenerative diseases like Motor Neurone Disease (MND), Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

The new theory of economic 'agrowth' contributes to the viability of climate policies
ICTA-Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona researcher Jeroen van den Bergh publishes in Nature Climate Change a study in which he proposes a new economic theory compatible with the fight against climate change.

Immunology: Live and let live
In order to maintain the microflora in the gut, the immune system must be taught to tolerate foreign bacteria.

Organic is only one ingredient in recipe for sustainable food future
Many people choose organic thinking it's better for humans and the planet, but a new UBC study finds that might not always be the case.

The environmental state of Moscow was assessed in a new way
Members of the Faculty of Chemistry of the Lomonosov Moscow State University have elaborated a new approach to monitor the environmental status in Moscow, with the help of which one could detect larger quantity of environmental components and so enlarge the list of substances, possessing environmental and human health hazard.

Gastrointestinal cancer: Physical exercise helps during chemo
A young researcher of Goethe University has shown: walking or jogging helps patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer to cope better with the side effects of chemotherapy.

Stressed seabird parents think only of themselves
To see how bird families interact with each other being stressed, researchers from Vetmeduni Vienna and University of Gdansk studied parent-offspring interactions in a long-lived seabird, the little auk (Alle alle).

What cancer research can learn from military strategy
When David Gisselsson Nord, a cancer researcher at Lund University in Sweden, read a history book last summer, he was struck by the similarities between how cancer and insurgencies evolve over time.

Investigational vaccine protects cattle from respiratory syncytial virus
A novel vaccine developed by scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, protected cattle from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, according to research published online in npj Vaccines on March 8.

Hubble hones in on a hypergiant's home
This beautiful Hubble image reveals a young super star cluster known as Westerlund 1, only 15,000 light-years away in our Milky Way neighborhood, yet home to one of the largest stars ever discovered.

Discovery in new material raises questions about theoretical models of superconductivity
The US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has successfully created the first pure, single-crystal sample of a new iron arsenide superconductor, CaKFe4As4, and studies of this material have called into question some long-standing theoretical models of superconductivity.

A closer look at brain organoid development
Researchers already have succeeded in growing so-called 'cerebral organoids' in a dish -- clusters of cells that self-organize into small brain-like structures.

Building on the foundations of innovation
The new issue of Technology and Innovation has a special section on the 2016 NAI Conference, including articles on gender and bias in science, the history of the National Academy of Inventors, alternative rubber crops, and the next industrial revolution.

Severe hypoglycemia linked to increased risk of death in people with diabetes
A single instance of blood sugar falling so low as to require an emergency department visit was associated with nearly double the risk of cardiovascular disease or death, finds a new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health study of older adults with type 2 diabetes.

Energy crop production on conservation lands may not boost greenhouse gases
Growing sustainable energy crops without increasing greenhouse gas emissions, may be possible on seasonally wet, environmentally sensitive landscapes, according to researchers who conducted a study on Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) land.

NASA's aerial survey of polar ice expands its Arctic reach
For the past eight years, Operation IceBridge, a NASA mission that conducts aerial surveys of polar ice, has produced unprecedented three-dimensional views of Arctic and Antarctic ice sheets, providing scientists with valuable data on how polar ice is changing in a warming world.

Floods and hurricanes predicted with social media
Social media can warn us about extreme weather events before they happen -- such as hurricanes, storms and floods - according to new research by the University of Warwick.

New nanofiber marks important step in next generation battery development
Materials researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have created a nanofiber that could help enable the next generation of rechargeable batteries and increase the efficiency of hydrogen production from water electrolysis.

Study will determine which type 2 diabetes patients benefit most from bariatric surgery
Bariatric surgery can reverse type 2 diabetes. But which patients with type 2 diabetes will benefit most from surgery?

Castration-resistant prostate cancer cell growth impeded by endostatin
Researchers have discovered that endostatin, a naturally occurring protein in humans, can significantly decrease proliferation of castration-resistant prostate cells in culture, and in a recent paper in The FASEB Journal, they describe the physiological pathways and signaling evoked by endostatin.

New application of the selective laser melting method
Scientists of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) and Delft University of Technology developed a technology for obtaining new metal structures by selective laser melting method (additive technology of manufacturing three-dimensional objects from metal powders).

What is innovation, and how can we awaken its dormant traits and cultivate them?
While education may not be able to create innovative traits in individuals, education may improve the ability of individuals to utilize the traits they already possess.

Researchers discovered fungus gnat paradise in Peruvian Amazonia
Finnish and Estonian researchers have discovered and identified 16 new fungus gnat species in the Amazonia.

NASA, ASU collaboration develops 3-D tissue culture models to mimic human gut infections
An ASU Biodesign Institute team has reported their latest advancement in 3-D intestinal model development.

Mayo breast cancer study provides critical information on tumor sequencing and chemother
Tumor sequencing is increasingly used to select treatment for patients with cancer, but its role in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer is unknown.

University of Leicester in new project to identify Jack the Ripper's last known victim
Research reveals likelihood of finding and identifying Mary Jane Kelly -- and using DNA to determine her true identity.

ORNL, HTS International Corporation to collaborate on manufacturing research
HTS International Corporation and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have signed an agreement to explore potential collaborations in advanced manufacturing research.

The hazards of English spelling
A new study of English spelling practices demonstrates that the way we spell words is much more orderly and self-organizing than previously thought.

Childhood bullying may lead to increased chronic disease risk in adulthood
Being bullied during childhood might have lifelong health effects related to chronic stress exposure -- including an increased risk for heart disease and diabetes in adulthood, according to a research review in the March/April issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.

Updated appropriate use criteria address coronary revascularization for patients with SIHD
The American College of Cardiology, along with several partnering organizations, today released updated appropriate use criteria for performing coronary revascularization in patients with stable ischemic heart disease.

This small molecule could have a big future in global food security
UA researchers have used RNA molecules to prevent a corn-infecting fungus from producing a potent toxin.

NASA gets a last look at Tropical Depression Enawo's final bow
Ex-tropical Cyclone Enawo moved off the southern coast of Madagascar and strengthened back into a tropical storm for a brief period before weakening to a depression.

A breath of fresh air for severe asthma research
New research led by a team of investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital points to immunological differences in responses to steroids in patients with severe asthma, suggesting why corticosteroids may paradoxically perpetuate inflammation in severe asthma.

Study: Patients more likely to get flu shots when doctors make appointments
A Rutgers study has found that doctors who take a proactive stance and schedule flu shots for patients can dramatically increase vaccination rates.

Press registration opens for AERA Annual Meeting
The AERA Annual Meeting is the largest gathering of scholars in the field of education research.

NASA sees wind shear affecting Tropical Cyclone 11S
Tropical Cyclone 11S appeared elongated in NASA satellite imagery as a result of the storm being battered by wind shear.

Doctors and patients often disagree on pain treatment goals
Disagreements between doctors and patients over the priorities of pain treatment are common during primary care office visits, new research from UC Davis Health shows.

Biodiversity data, novel tools and services: Key results at EU BON's Final Meeting
Taking place from 14 to 16 March 2017, the Final EU BON Meeting will serve as a platform to present key outputs from the FP7 EU-funded project EU BON 'Building the European Biodiversity Observation Network' which aims to advance biodiversity knowledge by building a European gateway for biodiversity information and by integrating and harmonizing a wide range of biodiversity data.

Effects of weather variability on maple syrup production studied
Some farmers in the United States and Canada have noticed that the quantity and quality of their maple syrup is changing with climate variability, said MSU Assistant Professor Selena Ahmed.

Researchers find a gene that causes Opitz C syndrome
The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, identifies the gene that causes Opitz C syndrome in the only patient diagnosed with this ultra-rare disorder in Catalonia, which affects only sixty people in the world.

An utter shambles
A research group found out: household chaos has an adverse effect on emotional climate and parents' behavior.

Using telemedicine to treat multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) clinicians face continued challenges in optimizing neurological care, especially for people with advanced MS living in medically underserved communities.

Citric acid has the potential to produce respiratory sensitisers in e-cigarette vapor
The use of citric acid in e-liquids needs to be investigated to further understand its potential to form potentially harmful anhydrides in the vapour.

Public event to address childhood poverty and education outcomes March 23 in Detroit
Dr. Charles Payne, an expert in urban education and school reform, social inequality, social change and modern African American history, will deliver a public lecture titled 'The Limits of Schooling, The Power of Poverty,' as part of the American Educational Research Association's Centennial Lecture Series.

VTT provides stepping stones towards the bioeconomy
As part of its Bioeconomy Transformation spearhead program, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed technologies suitable for application in new kinds of value chains.

Behavioral biology: Ripeness is all
In contrast to other members of the Drosophila family, the spotted-wing fly D. suzukii deposits its eggs in ripe fruits.

Pitt stops, a rock maze, and the 1889 Johnstown Flood
A new field guide in conjunction with GSA's Joint Northeastern and North-Central Section meeting details three trips around the area.

Research evaluates how financial criminals evade laws
In a recent study published online in the International Journal of Arts and Sciences, two UT Dallas alumnae examine the frequency and implications of bankruptcy fraud and money laundering.

Wayne State researchers suggest that brain networks at rest are in readiness for action
Brain networks at rest appear to be waiting in a state of potentiation to execute even the simplest of behaviors.

Drug use drops after ER visits used as 'teachable moments'
An emergency room visit for an illness or injury may seem like a strange time to try to motivate someone to cut back on using drugs.

Patients with depression symptoms due to chronic sinus disease are less productive
Depressed patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are more likely to miss days of work or school than those without depression symptoms, according to the results of a new study led by the Sinus Center at Massachusetts Eye and Ear.

Measurements by school pupils paved way for key research findings
With their measurements and samples, nearly 3,500 schoolchildren have assisted a research study on lakes and global warming, now published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Rapid blood pressure drops in middle age linked to dementia in old age
Middle-aged people who experience temporary blood pressure drops that often cause dizziness upon standing up may be at an increased risk of developing cognitive decline and dementia 20 years later, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Biodegradable packages will keep your food fresh
KTU researchers are creating biodegradable food packaging materials, which, in addition, will also keep food fresh for longer. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to