Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 13, 2017
3+ hours daily screen time linked to diabetes risk factors for kids
Daily screen time of three or more hours is linked to several risk factors associated with the development of diabetes in children, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

To screen or not to screen for lung cancer?
Lung cancer screening using a low-dose CT scan can be a lifesaving test for high-risk patients.

Mount Sinai researchers publish results of first-of-its-kind iPhone asthma study
Built using Apple's ResearchKit, the Asthma Mobile Health Study demonstrates utility, security, and validity of smartphone-based research to engage broader patient population.

How to fit in when you stand out: Don't try so hard
When in Rome you do as the Romans do, right?

Common cuckoos can distinguish the calls of their neighbors from a stranger's
Common cuckoos know their neighbors by call.

Flowering times shift with loss of species from a grassland ecosystem
Scientists have documented many cases in which the timing of seasonal events, such as the flowering of plants or the emergence of insects, is changing as a result of climate change.

Professor, researcher in brain machine interfaces to speak at Louisiana Tech
Louisiana Tech University's Center for Biomedical Engineering and Rehabilitation Science (CBERS) and its Consortium on Neuronal Networks in Epilepsy and Memory (NeuroNEM) will host a presentation by Dr.

Increased water availability from climate change may release more nutrients into soil in Antarctica
As climate change continues to impact the Antarctic, glacier melt and permafrost thaw are likely to make more liquid water available to soil and aquatic ecosystems in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, potentially providing a more nutrient-rich environment for life, according to a Dartmouth study recently published in Antarctic Science.

Study identifies African-specific genomic variant associated with obesity
An international team of researchers conducted the first study of its kind to look at genomic underpinnings of obesity in continental Africans and African-Americans.

Dietary kit reduces baby blues, a precursor to postpartum depression
A dietary supplement kit, created to counter mood-altering brain changes linked to depression, virtually eliminated the 'baby blues' among women in a new study at Toronto's Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

Spin-resolved oscilloscope for charge and spin signals
Researchers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation have developed a 'spin-resolved oscilloscope.'

NYU chemists color world of 3-D crystals with advances in self-assembly
A team of New York University chemists has created self-assembled, three-dimensional DNA crystals that can bind a separate, dye-bearing strand -- a breakthrough that enhances the functionality of these tiny building blocks.

Highly pathogenic A(H7N9) virus mutation does not change risk to humans
In February 2017, a new A(H7N9) virus -- indicating high pathogenicity in poultry -- was detected in three patients connected to Guangdong, China, as well as in environmental and poultry samples.

Are military physicians ready to treat transgender patients?
A small survey of military physicians found most did not receive any formal training on transgender care, most had not treated a patient with known gender dysphoria, and most had not received sufficient training to prescribe cross-hormone therapy, according to a new research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

'Good' bacteria is potential solution to unchecked inflammation seen in bowel diseases
In a study published in journal Nature Immunology, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers describe how inflammation can go unchecked in the absence of a certain inhibitor called NLRP12.

Making resistant superbugs sensitive to antibiotics
New research is paving the way for the development of innovative drugs that restore antibiotic susceptibility in antibiotic-resistant superbugs such as Klebsiella pneumoniae, a main cause of fatal lung and bloodstream infections worldwide.

400,000-year-old fossil human cranium is oldest ever found in Portugal
A large international research team, directed by the Portuguese archaeologist João Zilhão and including Binghamton University anthropologist Rolf Quam, has found the oldest fossil human cranium in Portugal, marking an important contribution to knowledge of human evolution during the middle Pleistocene in Europe and to the origin of the Neandertals.

Pre-existing immunity to dengue virus shapes Zika-specific T cell response
Although Zika and dengue are considered different virus 'species,' they are so closely related that the immune system treats Zika just like another version of dengue, report researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology.

Study examines causes of earthquakes originating deep below earth's surface
The mechanisms which cause earthquake cycles to begin up to 40km below the earth's surface in the interiors of continents are to be explored in a new research project led by the University of Plymouth and funded by the Natural Environment Research Council.

Scientists harness solar power to produce clean hydrogen from biomass
A team of scientists at the University of Cambridge has developed a way of using solar power to generate a fuel that is both sustainable and relatively cheap to produce.

Star in closest orbit ever seen around black hole
Astronomers have found evidence of a star that whips around a likely black hole twice an hour.

Keeping pitchers in the game: Potential in osteopathic medicine to prevent shoulder injury
Researchers evaluated the effects of the Spencer technique on pitchers from Seton Hill University's men's baseball team.

'Preventable' asthma attacks in Houston cost millions
A study shows where and when Houston students with asthma were most likely to suffer attacks that required emergency treatment over a 10-year span.

New forensic tools will help identify children in child sexual exploitation material
Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering and the digital intelligence tech company Griffeye are building tech tools to aid law enforcement in identifying children in child sexual exploitation material.

How cells communicate to move together as a group
Research from the University of Chicago has identified a new signaling system that epithelial cells use to coordinate their individual movements and efficiently move tissues.

A virus lethal to amphibians is spreading across Portugal
A new strain of ranavirus is currently causing mass mortality in several species of amphibian in the Serra da Estrela, the highest mountain range in continental Portugal.

Children experience long wait times for developmental and behavioral specialists
A new study from Rutgers offers evidence confirming what many parents already know: the wait to see a developmental pediatrician -- only 1,000 of whom exist nationally -- is lengthy and delays diagnostic evaluations that could be important for early intervention strategies that help families manage behavioral, emotional, social and educational struggles.

Monkeys suppress HIV-like virus for extended period after dual-antibody treatment
Giving monkeys two powerful anti-HIV antibodies immediately after infection with an HIV-like virus enabled the immune systems of some of the animals to control the virus long after the antibodies were gone, scientists at the National Institutes of Health and The Rockefeller University have found.

Tackling depression by changing the way you think
A thought is a thought. It does not reflect reality.

Protein proves influential to healthy immune system
Researchers have discovered that the protein Myb plays a vital role in keeping our immune system healthy, and preventing the development of immune and inflammatory diseases.

Accountable Care Organizations reduced medical costs without increasing drug costs
A key component of the Affordable Care Act successfully saved Medicare $345 per person in medical costs in its first year without driving up prescription drug coverage costs, according to an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Never before seen images of early stage Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have used the MAX IV synchrotron in Lund -- the strongest of its kind in the world -- to produce images that predate the formation of toxic clumps of beta-amyloid, the protein believed to be at the root of Alzheimer's disease.

MDI Biological Laboratory scientists publish groundbreaking study on new heart drug
Scientists at the MDI Biological Laboratory and Novo Biosciences have identified a drug candidate to restore heart muscle function following a heart attack.

Stanford scientists map seawater threat to California Central Coast aquifers
Scientists use Earth-imaging technologies to study the intrusion of saltwater into freshwater aquifers along the California coast.

How cobras developed flesh-eating venom
A University of Queensland-led international study has revealed how one of the world's most feared types of snakes -- cobras -- developed their potent venom.

A novel protein regulates cancer immunity and could offer a therapeutic target
The protein moesin could be a target for cancer immunotherapy, report Medical University of South Carolina investigators in an article in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Diving with the sharks
A new study finds that humans can interact with sharks without long-term behavioral impacts for the ocean's top predators.

New research on northern lights will improve satellite navigation accuracy
Researchers at the University of Bath have gained new insights into the mechanisms of the northern lights, providing an opportunity to develop better satellite technology that can negate outages caused by this natural phenomenon.

A healthy diet improves sperm quality and fecundability of couples
Infertility is a global public health issue and affects 15 percent of all couples of reproductive age.

Study shows how river channels adjust to large sediment supplies
The seemingly simple question of what governs the shapes of river channels has been a longstanding challenge for geologists and civil engineers.

Enzyme-free krebs cycle may have been key step in origin of life on Earth
A set of biochemical processes crucial to cellular life on Earth could have originated in chemical reactions taking place on the early Earth four billion years ago, believes a group of scientists from the Francis Crick Institute and the University of Cambridge.

Automated blood pressure monitoring over 30 minutes reduces over-treatment of patients
In-office automated blood pressure monitoring over 30 minutes yields a dramatic reduction in the number of patients who meet the criteria for initiation or intensification of antihypertensive medication regimes.

Dan Sinars represents Sandia in first energy leadership class
Dan Sinars, a senior manager in Sandia National Laboratories' pulsed power center, which built and operates the Z facility, is the sole representative from a nuclear weapons lab in a Department of Energy leadership program that recently visited Sandia.

Fish oil supplements may help prevent death after MI but lack evidence of CV benefit for general population
Omega-3 fish oil supplements prescribed by a healthcare provider may be reasonable for patients who have had a heart attack.

Creation of highly magnetic material could improve computer technologies
Scientists, led by Professor Ian Manners from the University of Bristol's School of Chemistry, have developed a facile route to a highly magnetic material that could provide fundamental improvements to the performance of current computer technologies.

Some genetic variations difficult to evaluate using current stem cell modeling techniques
Mount Sinai study on psychosis reveals the importance of clarifying the precise structure of any genetic mutation before moving forward with human-induced pluripotent stem cell studies.

Where the few jaguars still alive are hiding
Researchers track movements of largest feline in Americas across all major Brazilian biomes, using GPS tracking to survey the jaguar´s home range and movement parameters in each biome.

Parallel cellular pathways activate the process that controls organ growth
new study from the University of Chicago suggests that while proteins that control organ growth accumulate around the edges of cells, they actually function at a different cellular site.

Antibiotics not effective for clinically infected eczema in children
There is no meaningful benefit from the use of either oral or topical antibiotics for milder clinically infected eczema in children.

Profiting from the fight against corruption
Governments get richer when NGOs band together to fight official corruption, game theorists at HEC Montréal find.

Research partnership to transform Mexico's hydrocarbon sector
UAlberta awarded $14 million for research collaborations to improve cross-continent energy sustainability.

Study finds differences in lifespan between Canadians and Americans with cystic fibrosis
People with cystic fibrosis are living longer than ever before, but their lifespan is almost 10 years longer in Canada than in the United States, according to research published March 14 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

NASA, NOAA satellites see winter storm madness 'March' to the East
NASA and NOAA satellites are providing various views of the major winter storm marching toward the US East coast on March 13.

Door and window locks are less carbon-costly and more effective than burglar alarms
A new study, which estimates the carbon footprint of burglary prevention measures, has found that the best options from both an environmental and security point of view are door and window locks.

Thinking outside the power box: Matthias Preindl takes converters virtual
Professor Matthias Preindl recently won an NSF CAREER grant to support his work reimagining how power converter technology operates.

WSU researcher finds mechanism triggering spread of prostate cancer to bones
A Washington State University researcher has found a way that prostate cancer cells hijack the body's bone maintenance, facilitating the spread of bone cancers present in some 90 percent of prostate-cancer fatalities.

Atomic map gives malaria drug new lease on life
Researchers have for the first time mapped how one of the longest-serving malaria drugs works, opening the possibility of altering its structure to make it more effective and combat increasing malaria drug resistance.

There's a close association between magnetic systems and certain states of brain activity
Scientists from the University of Granada (UGR) have proven for the first time that there is a close relationship between several emerging phenomena in magnetic systems (greatly studied by condensed matter physicists) and certain states of brain activity.

Experiment aboard space station studies 'space weather'
To study conditions in the ionosphere, Cornell University research engineer Steven Powell and others in the College of Engineering have developed the FOTON (Fast Orbital TEC for Orbit and Navigation) GPS receiver.

A scientist and a supercomputer re-create a tornado
With tornado season fast approaching or already underway in vulnerable states throughout the US, new supercomputer simulations are giving meteorologists unprecedented insight into the structure of monstrous thunderstorms and tornadoes.

Nursery product-related injuries on the rise among young children
A study found that about every eight minutes in the US, a child three years of age or younger is treated in a hospital emergency-department for a nursery product-related injury.

New method enables creation of better therapeutic antibodies
Researchers from the University of Maryland and Rockefeller University have refined a method to modify an antibody's sugar group structure, which plays a large role in determining an antibody's ability to activate the immune response.

Hodgkin lymphoma survivors at high risk of second cancers
Patients who are cured of Hodgkin lymphoma are at a high risk of developing a second type of cancer, particularly if they have a family history of the disease, a major new study reports.

Researchers develop new method to program nanoparticle organization in polymer thin films
University of Akron researchers have developed an original method -- soft-confinement pattern-induced nanoparticle segregation (SCPINS) -- to fabricate polymer nanocomposite thin films with well-controlled nanoparticle organization on a submicron scale.

March/April 2017 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the March/April 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Star discovered in closest known orbit around black hole
Astronomers have found evidence for a star that whips around a black hole about twice an hour.

Looking for 'fingerprints' at the intersection of weather and climate
Scientists have found the seasonal 'fingerprints' of Arctic sea ice, El Nino, and other climate phenomena in a new study that probes the global interactions between weather and climate.

New application of THz technique on water evaluation in crude oil
The evaluation of water content in crude oil is of significance to petroleum exploration and transportation.

UTHealth awarded $1.5 million to increase HPV vaccinations in medically underserved areas
The Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas has awarded $1.5 million to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health for a project designed to increase human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine rates among minority youth in medically underserved areas across Houston.

Georgia State researcher Gets $4.1 million federal grant to develop drug to combat Ebola virus
Dr. Christopher Basler, a professor in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, director of the university's Center for Microbial Pathogenesis and a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Microbial Pathogenesis, has received a five-year, $4.1 million federal grant to develop a drug targeting Ebola virus.

Vicious circle of drought and forest loss in the Amazon
Logging that happens today and potential future rainfall reductions in the Amazon could push the region into a vicious dieback circle.

Visualizing the genome: Researchers create first 3-D structures of active DNA
Scientists have determined the first 3-D structures of intact mammalian genomes from individual cells, showing how the DNA from all the chromosomes intricately folds to fit together inside the cell nuclei.

Failed fertility therapy associated with increased risk of later cardiac disease
Women who undergo fertility therapy, but do not get pregnant, have a higher risk of developing long-term cardiovascular disease, compared with women who become pregnant, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

CRUST adds new layer of defense against earthquakes and tsunamis
The first computer model to simulate the whole chain of events triggered by offshore mega subduction earthquakes could reduce losses to life and property caused by disasters like the huge earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan six years ago this Saturday.

Awesome still massively popular but say goodbye to tar-rah matey
The study, by Lancaster University and Cambridge University Press, looks at the most characteristic words of informal chit-chat in today's Britain.

Radiation from nearby galaxies helped fuel first monster black holes, says study
In a new study in Nature Astronomy, an international team of researchers shows how supermassive black holes may have formed in the early universe.

United States has highest rate of poor primary care coordination among 11 high-income countries
Researchers examine care coordination in 11 high-income countries and find one out of every three respondents experienced at least one coordination gap in primary care, but the overall percentage reporting poor primary care coordination was low.

Sensitive genotypes yield disadvantage in poor families, but advantage in wealthier ones
A University of Kansas study's results suggest that children with sensitive genotypes who come from low-income homes will be less financially successful than their same sex sibling without those genotypes.

Light scattering spectroscopy helps doctors identify early pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer has the lowest survival rate among all major cancers, largely because physicians lack diagnostic tools to detect the disease in its early, treatable stages.

How to brew high-value fatty acids with brewer's yeast
Researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt have succeeded in producing fatty acids in large quantities from sugar or waste containing sugar with the help of yeasts.

Is higher health care spending by physicians associated with better outcomes?
Higher health care utilization spending by physicians was not associated with better outcomes for hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries in a new article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Depression doubles long-term risk of death after heart disease diagnosis, new study findsam
Depression is the strongest predictor of death in the first decade following a diagnosis of coronary heart disease, according to a new study by researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City.

White House funds songbird study to unlock mystery of vocal learning
A young songbird sings an intricate melody from its caged perch, trying to echo the mating song heard so many times from his father.

After Deepwater Horizon spill: Which animals weathered the disaster
A new study from a Coastal Waters Consortium team of researchers led by Rutgers University postdoctoral researcher, Michael McCann, has found which birds, fish, insects and other animals affected by the Deepwater Horizon explosion should be given top priority for conservation, protection and research.

New technique completely protects internet video from cyberattacks -- Ben-Gurion University study
To counter this emerging threat, Professor Hadar developed a series of algorithms that can completely prevent attackers from being able to infiltrate and extract information through videos or pictures.

Depression, alcohol, and marijuana linked to later use of synthetic marijuana among teens
In the first prospective study of synthetic cannabinoids or SCs -- the group of chemicals that mimic the effects of marijuana -- researchers have found that symptoms of depression, drinking alcohol, or using marijuana was linked to an increased risk of SC use one year later.

Parenthood linked to longer life
Parenthood is associated with a longer life than childlessness, particularly in older age, when health and capacity may start to decline, finds research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Simultaneous detection of multiple spin states in a single quantum dot
Osaka University-led researchers achieved single-shot readout of three two-electron spin states of a single quantum dot.

Dramatic improvement in surface finishing of 3-D printing
Waseda University researchers have developed a process to dramatically improve the quality of 3-D printed resin products.

Rapid decline of Arctic sea ice a combination of climate change and natural variability
The dramatic decline of Arctic sea ice in recent decades is caused by a mixture of global warming and a natural, decades-long atmospheric hot spot over Greenland and the Canadian Arctic.

Lyncean Technologies signs AXT Pty Ltd as representative in Australia and New Zealand
Lyncean Technologies, Inc., manufacturer of the Lyncean Compact Light Source (CLS), today announced the signing of AXT Pty Ltd as their exclusive representative in Australia and New Zealand.

One synthetic molecule, two doorways into cell
A synthetic ion channel provides different-shaped paths into a cell.

Child marriage remains widespread in many countries of sub-Saharan Africa
Child marriage harms girls' health and development throughout the world.

Canadians with cystic fibrosis live a decade longer than American patients
Canadians with cystic fibrosis have a survival advantage over American patients, according to a study published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Researchers predict crime knowledge states in the human brain
Scientists and lawyers speak different languages, but there is common ground.

Genetic key to salt-tolerance discovered in tilapia fish
UC Davis researchers have identified short DNA segments in tilapia that enhance expression of the genes regulating the fish's internal body chemistry in response to salinity stress.

Tick tock: Time to sleep? Sleeping parasite has own internal clock
Researchers from iMM Lisboa have shown that the parasite responsible for sleeping sickness, Trypanosoma brucei, has its own internal clock, which allows it to anticipate daytime alterations of its surrounding environment and become more virulent.

Yes, she's smiling: Mona Lisa's facial expression
Scientists at the Medical Center -- University of Freiburg have found out that test subjects almost always perceive the facial expression on Leonardo da Vinci's famous painting as happy, thus calling into question a long-held assumption in art history.

The controversial origin of a symbol of the American west
New research by Professor Beth Shapiro of the UC Santa Cruz Genomics Institute and University of Alberta Professor Duane Froese has identified North America's oldest bison fossils and helped construct a bison genealogy establishing that a common maternal ancestor arrived between 130,000 and 195,000 years ago, during a previous ice age.

EU-LIFE calls for an increased ERC budget
The European Research Council is key to excellent basic research, the cornerstone of disruptive innovation.

No evidence that 2014 insurance expansions strained access to primary care
Contrary to widespread concern, researchers find no evidence as of mid-2014 that the millions of individuals newly covered through Medicaid and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act strained primary care capacity.

Cellular 'garbage disposal' has another job
A subset of protein complexes whose role has long been thought to consist only of chemically degrading and discarding of proteins no longer needed by cells appears to also play a role in sending messages from one nerve cell to another, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report.

Scientists develop a system that predicts the behavior of tsunamis in less than 10 minutes
The group of Differential Equations, Numerical Analysis and Applications (EDANYA, from its abbreviation in Spanish) at the University of Málaga (UMA) and the Department of Languages and Computer Systems at the University of Granada (UGR) have created a simulator that predicts in less than ten minutes the behavior of tsunamis generated by landslides.

MEDLINE indexes Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, an important journal published by Benthm Science, is accepted to be included in MEDLINE.

Terahertz wave -- evaluate emergency measures during red alert period
Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau announced the first-ever red alert for smog in China on Dec.

E-cigarettes a gateway to smoking? Not likely, according to new published research
Major national studies provide little evidence that e-cigarette users move to smoking cigarettes as a result, researchers from University at Buffalo, University of Michigan write.

Two radio signals, one chip, open a new world for wireless communication
Cornell engineers have devised a method for transmitting and receiving radio signals on a single chip, which could ultimately help change the way wireless communication is done.

How to get kids to use salad bars in public schools
Thanks to a national initiative, salad bars are showing up in public schools across the country.

Mystery of memory cells answered through mouse study
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have identified a molecular mechanism that operates in memory T cells that could be manipulated to produce and maintain more memory T cells in the body.

New research urges a rethink on global energy subsidies
The hidden toll that subsidies for electricity, fossil fuels, and transport have on social welfare, economic growth and technological innovation needs to be exposed through better research says a new paper in Ecological Economics by Benjamin K.

MRI scans can help spot HIV in the brain
Scientists at UCL have developed a way to use MRI scans to help identify when HIV is persisting in the brain despite effective drug treatment.

Pinpointing the mechanisms that underlie emotional responses to pain
Prostaglandins been linked to the sensory perception of pain, but their role in the emotional response to pain is unclear.

A multidrug efflux pump in motion
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center have mapped the conformational changes that occur in a protein 'notorious' for pumping chemotherapeutic drugs out of cancer cells and blocking medications from reaching the central nervous system.

People see black men as larger, more threatening than same-sized white men
People have a tendency to perceive black men as larger and more threatening than similarly sized white men, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Study indicates promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstones
A new study in The American Journal of Pathology reports on a promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstone disease (CGD) that reduces the biliary output of cholesterol via activation of receptors present in tissues of the liver and small intestine.

The looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health
There are already one billion tobacco smokers worldwide, and the number will likely rise further with Asian tobacco companies poised to enter the global market, according to SFU health sciences professor Kelley Lee in a recently published study.

For hospitalized patients, spending more on care doesn't buy better health
Hospitalized patients treated by physicians who order more or more expensive tests and procedures are just as likely to be readmitted or to die as patients treated by doctors who order fewer or less expensive tests, according to research led by Harvard Medical School and the Harvard T.H.

Novel technique helps diagnose swimming-induced respiratory condition
Exercise-induced obstruction of the larynx, or voice box, is often a cause of respiratory symptoms in athletes and is particularly prevalent in swimmers.

Expensive taxi rides for business travelers
Using the example of taxi rides, a new study conducted by scientists from the universities of Cologne and Innsbruck has shown that markets for credence goods create a strong incentive for the providers of these goods to behave dishonestly.

Ultrashort light pulses for fast 'lightwave' computers
Extremely short, configurable 'femtosecond' pulses of light demonstrated by an international team could lead to future computers that run up to 100,000 times faster than today's electronics.

Legitimacy of reusing images from scientific papers addressed
Scientific research builds on previous breakthroughs and publications, and yet access to data is often legally restricted.

Taking B vitamins may reduce epigenetic effects of air pollution
A new study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health showed that B vitamins may play a critical role in reducing the impact of air pollution on the epigenome, further demonstrating the epigenetic effects of air pollution on health.

Solid metal has 'structural memory' of its liquid state
New work from a team including Carnegie's Guoyin Shen and Yoshio Kono used high pressure and temperature to reveal a kind of 'structural memory' in samples of the metal bismuth, a discovery with great electrical engineering potential.

With flying colors: Top entomology students honored with wasp species named after them
The highly divergent parasitic wasps have long been causing headaches to scientists.

1 in 5 breast cancer patients could benefit from existing treatment, genetic study reveals
Researchers from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators have discovered that a greater number of breast cancers are genetically similar to rarer cases with faulty BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes.

Early Earth had a hazy, methane-filled atmosphere
New research suggests that more than 2.4 billion years ago, Earth's atmosphere spent about a million years filled with a methane-rich haze.

First physiological test for schizophrenia and depression
Researchers have found a new way of using proteins in nerve cells to identify people with depression and schizophrenia.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the March 8 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the March 8, 2017, issue of JNeurosci.

Early intervention with new treatment enables durable control of HIV-like virus in monkeys
One of the many challenges with existing HIV therapies is that a dormant version of the virus is always lurking in the background, ready to attack the immune system as soon as treatment is interrupted.

Genetic analysis better explains how uterine cancers resist treatment
Researchers have charted the complex molecular biology of uterine carcinosarcoma, a rare and aggressive gynecologic cancer, according to a study published on March 13 in Cancer Cell.

Supplemental fat not necessary when canola meal is fed to weanling pigs
New research from the University of Illinois shows that adding supplemental dietary fat is not necessary to avoid reduced growth performance when replacing soybean meal with canola meal in diets fed to weanling pigs.

A kiss of death to drug the 'undruggable'
Scientists at the University of Dundee have reported a major breakthrough in targeting the causes of many diseases, using a 'kiss of death' to destroy proteins which had previously been regarded as 'undruggable.'

Environmentally friendly, almost electricity-free solar cooling
Demand and the need for cooling are growing as the effects of climate change intensify.

Physical activity levels may start tailing off by age of 7 in both boys and girls
Physical activity levels may start tailing off as early as the age of 7, rather than during adolescence as is widely believed, reveals a long term study of British children, published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Researchers offer overview of composite metal foams and potential applications
Researchers have developed a range of composite metal foams (CMFs) that can be used in applications from armor to hazardous material transport -- and they're now looking for collaborators to help identify and develop new applications.

Thirsty mangroves cause unprecedented dieback
A James Cook University scientist has discovered why there was an unprecedented dieback of mangroves in the Gulf of Carpentaria in early 2016 -- the plants died of thirst.

Study questions benefits of long-term use of ADHD medications
In a study that followed more than 500 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) into adulthood, extended use of stimulant medication was linked with suppressed adult height but not with reduced symptoms of ADHD.

Vaccines do work for pandemic flu, says study
Vaccines are successful in preventing pandemic flu and reducing the number of patients hospitalized as a result of the illness, a study led by academics at the University of Nottingham has found.

Media multitasking linked to distractibility among youth
Current doctoral dissertation by Mona Moisala from University of Helsinki also suggests that computer gaming is linked to enhanced working memory performance.

UTA researcher uses mathematical modeling to predict student success, dropout rates
A researcher at The University of Texas at Arlington has used mathematical modeling to demonstrate that negative peer pressures can spread in a high-risk setting, influencing students' decisions to drop out of school.

Scientists work to lift the mystery of persistent haze
The researchers used standardized factors to objectively identify haze events in China's national capital region of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei from 1980 through 2013.

Cebit 2017: Jump into your favorite movie scenes with multi-view video streaming
With modern transmission technology, so much more is possible than has made it into our private living rooms so far.

Enlarged prostate later in life could stem from fetal development early on
New research from Michigan State University indicates that embryonic tissue, key to the development of a baby's gender, could contribute to an enlarged prostate, or BPH, in men later in life.

Underwater vehicle design inspired by schools of fish
Keith Moored of Lehigh University has received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Career Award to gain a better understanding of flow mechanisms that occur among unsteady (due to oscillating fins), three-dimensional interacting bodies in complex arrangements -- like schools of fish.

Hold-up in ventures for technology transfer
The transfer of technology brings ideas closer to commercialization. The transformation happens in several steps, such as invention, innovation, building prototypes, production, market introduction, market expansion, after sales services.

Marian Wright Edelman chosen for 2017 Inamori Ethics Prize
For her life's work, the Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence at Case Western Reserve University has chosen Marian Wright Edelman for the 2017 Inamori Ethics Prize, awarded annually since 2008 to honor an individual for significant and lasting contributions to ethical leadership on the global stage.

Democrats and Republicans draw different conclusions when seasons are too hot or too cold
When the weather is unseasonably hot or cold, Americans across the political spectrum have even stronger views about whether climate change caused by human activity is a reality or not.

A perfect storm of fire and ice may have led to snowball Earth
What caused the largest glaciation event in Earth's history, known as 'snowball Earth'?

Phage therapy shown to kill drug-resistant superbug
Scientists from the University of Liverpool have shown that phage therapy could offer a safe and effective alternative to antibiotics in the treatment of cystic fibrosis lung infections.

Boaty McBoatface submersible prepares to dive into the abyss on first Antarctic mission
Boaty McBoatface is joining ocean scientists from the University of Southampton and British Antarctic Survey on an expedition to study some of the deepest and coldest abyssal ocean waters on Earth -- known as Antarctic Bottom Water -- and how they affect climate change.

Discovery of surf breaks creates economic growth
University of Sydney research has revealed high quality surf breaks boost economic growth in nearby areas.

New study shows red tides can be predicted
For over a century scientists have been trying to understand what causes red tides to form in coastal areas seemingly out of nowhere.

Pain in the neck
Researchers led by University of Utah bioengineering assistant professor Robby Bowles have discovered a way to curb chronic pain by modulating genes that reduce tissue- and cell-damaging inflammation.

Looming crisis of the much decreased fresh-water supply to Egypt's Nile delta
A multi-year study of Egypt's Nile Delta places the country's major breadbasket at serious risk.

Atomic map of malaria drug gives it new life
Researchers have mapped how the malaria drug mefloquine works, providing a route to make effective alternatives and combat rising drug resistance.

A new study provides a solid evidence for global warming
The new study allows a more accurate assessment of how much heat has accumulated in the ocean (and Earth) system.

More transparency at FDA needed, researchers say
As the new administration considers the future direction of the Food and Drug Administration, a group of leading researchers has created a Blueprint for Transparency at the agency to advance the development of safe and effective new products.

Cool insights for a hot world
A new review suggests that the direct effects of trees on the climate via rainfall and cooling may be more important than the well-studied effects through the global carbon balance. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to