Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 15, 2017
Relativistic electrons uncovered with NASA's Van Allen Probes
Earth's radiation belts, two doughnut-shaped regions of charged particles encircling our planet, were discovered more than 50 years ago, but their behavior is still not completely understood.

The genes and neural circuits behind autism's impaired sociability
Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have gained new insight into the genetic and neuronal circuit mechanisms that may contribute to impaired sociability in some forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Brain-aging gene discovered
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have discovered a common genetic variant that greatly affects normal brain aging in older adults.

Marine recovery after mass extinction was likely delayed by further biotic crises
Biotic crises during the Triassic period may have delayed marine recovery after a mass extinction during the late Permian, according to a study published March 15, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by William Foster from University of Texas, Austin, USA, and colleagues.

From space to the streets: New battery model also makes electric cars more reliable
Nano satellites weighing just a few kilograms orbit the Earth.

New driver, target in advanced mucosal melanoma
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published March 15, 2017, in the journal Melanoma Research uses the unique resource of over 600 melanoma samples collected at the university to demonstrate, for the first time, novel mutations involved in mucosal melanoma, paving the way for therapies to treat this overlooked subtype.

No publication bias found in climate change research
Rarely do we encounter a scientific fact that stirs public controversy and distrust in science as much as climate change.

China's severe winter haze tied to effects of global climate change
China's severe winter air pollution problems may be worsened by changes in atmospheric circulation prompted by Arctic sea ice loss and increased Eurasian snowfall -- both caused by global climate change.

Age not a factor in success of shoulder replacement surgery
Whether you're younger than 65 or older than 75, age may not be a discernible factor in the success of shoulder replacement surgery, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

The need for speed may contribute to dolphin and whale strandings
Scientists from the University of California, Santa Cruz, have shown that dolphins that are swimming at top speed use more than twice the amount of energy per fin beat than dolphins that are swimming at a more relaxed pace and that startled whales fleeing human noises use 30.5 percent more energy during the flight, suggesting that the high cost of escape could contribute to recent dolphin and whale strandings.

Recovery after 'Great Dying' was slowed by more extinctions
Researchers studying marine fossil beds in Italy have found that the world's worst mass extinction was followed by two other extinction events, a conclusion that could explain why it took ecosystems around the globe millions of years to recover.

With climate change shrubs and trees expand northwards in the Subarctic
Shrubs expand in the tundra in northern Scandinavia. And it is known that fixation of nitrogen from the air is in the tundra to a high degree performed by cyanobacteria associated with mosses.

Gigantic Jupiter-type planet reveals insights into how planets evolve
A team of astrophysicists studying an enormous and bizarre young planet approximately 300 lights years from Earth has gained a rare glimpse into the final stages of planetary evolution.

Scientists are gauging how mood influences eating habits
This week at the annual conference of the American Psychosomatic Society, USC researchers are presenting details of how specially-programmed smartwatches monitor family member's emotions and eating behaviors for a study on obesity.

NASA's Webb Telescope ghostly 'lights out' inspection
The technicians who are inspecting the telescope and its expansive golden mirrors look like ghostly wraiths in this image as they conduct a 'lights out inspection' in the Spacecraft Systems Development and Integration Facility (SSDIF) at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.

Novel mechanism that detains mobile genes in plant genome
A team of Hokkaido University researchers has discovered a hitherto-unknown mechanism that detains transposable elements or 'mobile genes' -- which can move and insert into new positions in plant genomes.

Some bed bugs are better climbers than others
Not all bed bugs are created equal, and some of the leading bed bug traps used by pest management professionals are ineffective against species with better climbing abilities than others.

Foreign graduate students and postdocs consider leaving the US
On March 6, President Donald Trump signed a second executive order to suspend immigration from six predominately Muslim countries, this time excluding Iraq from the list.

More IV fluids, fewer c-sections
By pooling the data of several studies, Thomas Jefferson University researchers showed that a higher rate of IV fluids not only decreased c-section rates, but also shortened the overall length of labor by one hour, as well as shortened the pushing phase.

Hepatitis C mutations 'outrun' immune systems, lab study shows
Unlike its viral cousins hepatitis A and B, hepatitis C virus (HCV) has eluded the development of a vaccine and infected more than 170 million people worldwide.

Global climate change worsens winter haze in China
Emissions were not entirely to blame for one of China's worst haze pollution events on record, according to a new study; rather, the heavily polluted air observed over the East China Plains in 2013 was a consequence of decreasing Arctic sea ice and increasing Eurasian snow that together produced stagnant atmospheric conditions in the region.

Fast and accurate paper test determines blood type in seconds
Scientists have created a fast, accurate, and versatile paper-based blood test that could be performed without the need for specialized equipment -- providing a more cost-effective strategy for blood grouping.

Whole-body vibration may be as effective as regular exercise
A less strenuous form of exercise known as whole-body vibration (WBV) can mimic the muscle and bone health benefits of regular exercise in mice, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's journal Endocrinology.

Making vanilla flavoring with less pollution
In small amounts, vanilla flavoring enhances the taste of our baked goods, desserts and ice cream.

No mid-day nap for Finnish flies
Fruit flies from warm regions have a siesta, whereas their Nordic counterparts do not.

How plankton cope with turbulence
Microscopic marine plankton are not helplessly adrift in the ocean.

Unproven stem cell 'therapy' blinds three patients at Florida clinic
Three people with macular degeneration were blinded after undergoing an unproven stem cell treatment that was touted as a clinical trial in 2015 at a clinic in Florida.

Fighting MRSA with new membrane-busting compounds
Public health officials are increasingly concerned over methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

Study details death risks associated with long-term antiplatelet therapy
A study by a multi-institutional research team has tracked the long-term incidence of death following ischemic and bleeding events occurring in patients more than one year after placement of a coronary stent.

Four year agreement to supply Silicon Carbide micro-fiber
Haydale Graphene Industries plc the UK listed global nanomaterials group, is pleased to announce that its subsidiary, Advanced Composite Materials LLC, has entered into a four-year agreement to supply Silicon Carbide micro-fiber to a global industrial manufacturer of tooling and wear-resistant solutions.

Scientists mobilize as bleaching resumes on Great Barrier Reef
Coral researchers are remobilizing to conduct aerial and underwater surveys along the Great Barrier Reef and elsewhere in Australia as coral bleaching reappears for the second year in a row.

Intensive medical treatment can reverse type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with intensive medical treatment using oral medications, insulin and lifestyle therapies, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Study clusters health behavior groups to broaden public health interventions
A new study led by a University of Kansas researcher has used national health statistics and identified how to cluster seven health behavior groups based on smoking status, alcohol use, physical activity, physician visits and flu vaccination are associated with mortality.

Drug combination delivered by nanoparticles may help in melanoma treatment
The first of a new class of medication that delivers a combination of drugs by nanoparticle may keep melanoma from becoming resistant to treatment, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Wildly stronger sunflowers
Annually, diseases, weeds, and insects are estimated to cause more than $1.3 billion in losses for sunflower growers.

City living can make asthma worse for poor children, study finds
Results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers using national data add to evidence that living in inner cities can worsen asthma in poor children.

NASA spots sub-tropical storm 11S still swirling
Once a tropical storm, now a sub-tropical storm, the remnants of the tropical low pressure area formerly known as 11S was spotted by NASA's Aqua satellite, still spinning in the Southern Indian Ocean.

Like elephants, large working proteins have small handlers
A graduate student's surprise observation in fundamental experiments with small binding molecules at work in protein folding has allowed biochemists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst to develop the first firm mathematical foundation to explain cell ligands' role in promoting proper protein folding.

Killer spirals offer wild ride
Øyvind Hammer was first seduced by the spiral's charms 20 years ago while studying fossils and with his new book he aims to make others susceptible.

From skin to brain: Stem cells without genetic modification
A discovery, several years in the making, by University at Buffalo researchers proves that adult skin cells can be converted into neural crest cells (a type of stem cell) without any genetic modification, and that these stem cells can yield other cells that are present in the spinal cord and the brain.

CISPA researchers present early warning system for mass cyber attacks
Mass attacks from the Internet are a common fear: Millions of requests in a short time span overload online services, grinding them to a standstill for hours and bringing Internet companies to their knees.

How to conserve polar bears -- and maintain subsistence harvest -- under climate change
A properly-managed subsistence harvest of polar bears can continue under climate change, according to analysis that combines sea-ice forecasts with a polar bear population model.

New method for producing leading anti-malarial drug
Researchers at Cardiff University have devised a new way of creating a drug commonly used as the first line of defense against malaria around the world.

Care received at end of life varies drastically by state
People with serious illness or frailty in Oregon are more likely to have their end-of-life care wishes honored, and, consequently, less likely to be hospitalized and more likely to use home hospice services compared with Washington state and the rest of the country, according to data published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Putting autoimmune disease genetic links to the test
investigators at BWH and their colleagues took approximately 270 genetic loci associated with seven diseases and tried to map them back to causal genes using eQTLs in key immune cells.

Nation's physicians act against climate change; it's making patients sick
Today, more than half of the nation's physicians -- including family doctors, pediatricians, obstetricians, allergists, geriatricians and internists -- are launching a campaign to help patients, the public and policy makers understand the damage climate change is doing to people's health and what needs to be done to prepare and protect ourselves.

When proteins court each other, the dance moves matter
Proteins shake their bodies and wave their limbs -- essentially dancing -- all with the goal of optimizing their interaction with other molecules, including other proteins.

Pharmacists with greater role in care prevent repeat hospital visits
As state and federal officials consider how to address doctor shortages without adding health care costs, this and other studies indicate expanding the roles of pharmacists is a potential solution.

Antibody fights pediatric brain tumors in preclinical testing, study finds
Five types of pediatric brain cancer were safely and effectively treated in mice by an antibody that causes immune cells to engulf and eat tumors without hurting healthy brain cells, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Mapping the effects of crystal defects
MIT research offers insights into how crystal dislocations -- a common type of defect in materials -- can affect electrical and heat transport through crystals, at a microscopic, quantum mechanical level.

UMass Amherst climate expert will study the Arctic's changing conditions
University of Massachusetts Amherst climate scientist Michael Rawlins has received a five-year, $370,000 grant from the National Science Foundation as part of a multi-institution effort to better understand biological processes and land-ocean interactions controlling the structure and function of coastal lagoons in northern Alaska.

Quantum key system could make mobile transactions far more secure
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a prototype device that can send unbreakable secret keys from a handheld device to a terminal.

Detecting blood clot risk using biomarkers
Researchers at Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) aim to increase survival rates among these patients by identifying new and validating existing biomarkers.

Researchers discover star in closest known orbit around black hole
An international team of astronomers has observed evidence of a star that whips around a black hole at a rate of nearly twice an hour.

Imagining dialogue can boost critical thinking
Examining an issue as a debate or dialogue between two sides helps people apply deeper, more sophisticated reasoning, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Predicting long-term cognitive decline following delirium
Evidence suggests that experiencing delirium after surgery can lead to long-term cognitive decline in older adults.

Soft coral exhibit strikingly different patterns of connectivity around British Isles
Researchers at the University of Exeter have discovered that some sea life could be just as disconnected as those divided by mountains or motorways.

Using lasers to create ultra-short pulses
Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have entered new territory with regard to the pulsing of electron beams.

Which kids will take longer to recover from brain injury?
A new biomarker may help predict which children will take longer to recover from a traumatic brain injury (TBI), according to a preliminary study published in the March 15, 2017, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Changes of the cell environment are associated with certain eye diseases
In case of ischemic injury to the retina, changes occur in the protein scaffold in the environment of retinal cells, the so-called extracellular matrix.

NTU Singapore and ELID Technology develop robot to wash and paint high-rise buildings
An innovative robotic system that can clean building exteriors using water jets or give new coats of paint is now ready to serve customers in Singapore.

States with expanded Medicaid program saw higher voter turnout
In a new study, Jake Haselswerdt, assistant professor of political science and public affairs at the University of Missouri, found a correlation between voter turnout and Medicaid expansion, a key component of the ACA.

Mineral self-assembly was common on primitive Earth
A team led by scientists from the Spanish National Research Council has confirmed that in natural alkaline waters characterized by a high pH, silica is capable of making complex self-assembling mineral structures.

Glioblastoma clinical trial shows combined therapy extends life for patients 65 and older
Treating older patients who have malignant brain cancer with the chemotherapy drug temozolomide plus a short course of radiation therapy extends survival by two months compared to treating with radiation alone, show clinical trial results published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

When the sea ice melts, juvenile polar cod may go hungry
Polar cod fulfill a key role in the Arctic food web, as they are a major source of food for seals, whales and seabirds alike.

UA part of international alliance to address African antivenom crisis
The African Society of Venimology, the Institute of Biotechnology of the National Autonomous University in Mexico and the VIPER Institute at the University of Arizona partner to provide biotechnology and educational support to confront the snakebite crisis on the African continent.

Treating childhood traumatic brain injury early to avoid lifelong cognitive deficits
Children with delayed visual perception because of serious head injuries may end up with structural changes in their brains that interrupt normal development, a new Keck School of Medicine of USC study shows.

Dissection of the 2015 Bonin deep earthquake
Researchers at Tohoku University's Department of Geophysics, have been studying the deep earthquake which occurred on May 30, 2015, to the west of Japan's Bonin Islands.

'Harmless' painkillers associated with increased risk of cardiac arrest
Painkillers considered harmless by the general public are associated with increased risk of cardiac arrest, according to research published today in the March issue of European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy.

Vitamin E may decrease the risk of acute kidney injury after coronary catheterization
Acute kidney injury is quite a common adverse effect that associates with coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions.

High uric acid levels in young children may result in higher blood pressure later on
A new article published in the American Journal of Hypertension finds that very young children with increased uric acid levels had higher blood pressure at 3 years of age.

The way the brain processes speech could serve as a predictor of early dementia
Early dementia is typically associated with memory and thinking problems; but older adults should also be vigilant about hearing and communication problems, suggest recent findings in a joint Baycrest-University of Memphis study.

Method could speed up design of more eco-friendly fabric softeners
In the 1960s, the introduction of fabric softeners transformed rough, scratchy clothes into softer, more comfortable garments.

New eyeless, pale catfish from middle of Amazon named
A new species of blind, Amazonian catfish was named for the discoverer's young daughter, who frequently goes on trips to the field with him.

Some veggies each day keeps the stress blues away
Eating three to four servings of vegetables daily is associated with a lower incidence of psychological stress, new research by University of Sydney scholars reveals.

The strangeness of slow dynamics
In a recent article published in Physical Review Letters, researchers from the Nanomagnetism group at nanoGUNE reported so-far unknown anomalies near dynamic phase transitions (DPTs).

Study links sulfide-producing bacteria and colon cancer in African-Americans
A new study reveals that African-Americans have measurable differences in the number and type of bacteria that live in the colon -- and those differences are related to their higher-than-average colon cancer risk.

Life origination hydrate theory
The LOH-Theory is based on the following original discoveries: highly-concentrated semi-liquid water systems saturated with functional organic substances have, at around 290 K, the so-called gas-hydrate honeycomb structure consisting of large (0.69 nm) and small (0.48 nm) cavities similar to the structure of underground methane deposits.

Stress of major life events impacts women more than men, shows poll of 2,000 people
New research has highlighted the potential gender gap in stress, with women reporting higher stress from life events such as death of a loved one, illness, losing their smartphone and Brexit.

Biochemists develop new way to control cell biology with light
Researchers at the University of Alberta have developed a new method of controlling biology at the cellular level using light.

UH Physicist launches new journal for materials science
Zhifeng Ren, a University of Houston physicist and a principal investigator with the Texas Center for Superconductivity at UH, has launched a new academic journal, 'Materials Today Physics,' which will focus on new and emerging materials.

Changing temperatures and precipitation may affect living skin of drylands
Arid and semiarid ecosystems are expected to experience significant changes in temperature and precipitation patterns, which may affect soil organisms in ways that cause surfaces to become lighter in color and thus reflect more sunlight, according to a new USGS study.

Optical fingerprint can reveal pollutants in the air
More efficient sensors are needed to be able to detect environmental pollution.

Predicting how bad the bends will be
Researchers have created a new model for predicting decompression sickness after deep-sea dives that not only estimates the risk, but how severe the symptoms are likely to be.

Use of computerized systems to help physicians assess patients linked with decreased risk of blood clot
The use of computerized clinical decision support systems among surgical patients are associated with a significant increase in the proportion of patients with adequately ordered treatment to prevent blood clots, and a significant decrease in the risk of developing a blood clot, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

New guidelines for treatment and management of COPD exacerbations
A multi-disciplinary ERS/ATS task force of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experts has published comprehensive new guidelines on the treatment of COPD exacerbations.

UNC researchers make discovery that could increase plant yield in wake of looming phosph
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have pinpointed a key genetic switch that helps soil bacteria living on and inside a plant's roots harvest a vital nutrient with limited global supply.

IT Researchers develop automatic security tests for complex systems
Attackers frequently break into software systems by entering special strings of characters that exploit an existing programming vulnerability.

Researchers make headway toward understanding Alexander disease
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have made a surprising and potentially crucial discovery about Alexander disease, a rare and fatal neurological disorder with no known cure.

YouTube users be aware: Your viewing habits can be tracked
It's important to know that video encryption is not as secure as once thought.

Liquid fuel for future computers
In the future, a new type of tiny redox flow battery will supply tightly packed electronic components with energy, while also dissipating the heat they produce.

Et Tu, E. Coli?
Biologists uncover a new way in which bacteria lay siege to neighboring cells by hijacking two factors involved in protein synthesis

New electron source for materials analysis
Jülich physicists have succeeded in accelerating the determination of material properties as well as making it more efficient.

World-first surveillance strategy shaped by Stirling expertise
The operation of surveillance cameras is the subject of a new UK strategy, shaped by a University of Stirling privacy expert.

Copper-bottomed deposits
Researchers at UNIGE have studied over 100,000 combinations to establish the depth and number of years required for magma to produce a given amount of copper.

Refugees with PTSD regulate stress differently
New Michigan State University research has found that refugees diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder regulate stress differently than those who don't have the disorder, but may have experienced similar suffering.

Why CEOs of failing companies jump ship...or don't
The strength of an executive's social network may influence whether he or she stays or goes when a company starts to falter, according to new research led by the University of Arizona.

Marshall School of Medicine team advances research on metabolic syndrome
Building on their recent research focusing on a peptide designed to block the oxidant amplifying function of the cellular sodium-potassium pump, researchers at Marshall University Joan C.

Protostar blazes bright, reshaping its stellar nursery
New ALMA observations reveal that a massive protostar, deeply nestled in its dust-filled stellar nursery, recently roared to life, shining nearly 100 times brighter than before.

Quantum movement of electrons in atomic layers shows potential of materials for electronics and photonics
A University of Kansas research team has observed the counterintuitive motion of electrons during experiments in KU's Ultrafast Laser Lab.

The looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health
The globalization of Asian tobacco companies should be of increasing international concern, according to a new study by researchers at the University of York and Simon Fraser University, Canada.

Columbia and Harvard researchers find yoga and controlled breathing reduce depressive symptoms
A new study demonstrated that individuals with major depressive disorder had a significant reduction in depressive symptoms during a 12-week integrative health intervention that included Iyengar yoga classes and coherent breathing.

Luxembourg researchers decipher how the body controls stem cells
Stem cells are unspecialised cells that can develop into any type of cell in the human body.

Exhaust fumes as a resource
Chemists at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a process in which nitrogen oxides generated during industrial processes can be used in the manufacture of colourants and medicines.

Keeping the elderly safe
In 2012, a research team from Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) in Singapore teamed up with the Singapore General Hospital (SGH), Changi General Hospital (CGH) and Agency for Integrated Care, to study the effectiveness of tailored physical therapy programs for the elderly to prevent falls, also known as the Steps to Avoid Falls in Elderly (SAFE) study.

Dana Foundation honors Charlie Rose for neuroscience outreach
Emmy-award winning journalist Charlie Rose will receive the inaugural Dana Public Outreach Award for his commitment to educating the public about the importance of brain research through his broadcasting work.

Civil society participation key in international forestry programs in Laos
The participation of civil society organizations in the international REDD+ programs seeking to reduce deforestation, forest degradation and CO² emissions could play a key role in enhancing collaboration between local and international natural resources governance actors in Laos.

Visualizing debris disk 'roller derby' to understand planetary system evolution
When planets first begin to form, the aftermath of the process leaves a ring of rocky and icy material that's rotating and colliding around the young central star like a celestial roller derby.

At some hospitals, kids with suspected appendicitis get worse care at night
At some hospitals, children receive better care in the daytime than they do at night for suspected appendicitis.

Female cyberbullies and victims feel the most negative about school and learning
Involvement in cyberbullying among girls triggers negative perceptions of the importance of school and the value of learning, a new Nottingham Trent University study suggests.

Researchers mapped interactions of key group of human proteins, the protein phosphatases
Unlike with protein kinases, the current knowledge of protein phosphatase functions remains fragmentary.

Less invasive procedure may benefit certain heart valve patients
Less invasive options than surgical replacement can now be considered for certain patients needing aortic valve replacement, according to updated recommendations.

PolyU launches InnoHub to support regional start-up collaborations
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) launched on March 15 the PolyU InnoHub, a co-creation and co-working space on campus for the University community and stakeholders to further promote innovation and entrepreneurship at a regional level.

'Low-content' nutritional claims on packaged goods misleading for consumers
Today, supermarket shelves are filled with products that make a variety of claims related to their perceived health benefits.

Targeting a tumor trigger
Many cancer patients that receive chemotherapy go into remission at first, but relapse after treatment is discontinued.

Researchers develop groundbreaking process for creating ultra-selective separation membranes
A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has developed a groundbreaking one-step, crystal growth process for making ultra-thin layers of material with molecular-sized pores.

Older women taking statins face higher risk of diabetes
A University of Queensland study found that women over 75 faced a 33 percent higher chance of developing diabetes if they were taking statins.

Dartmouth researchers use new computational method to define immune cell interactions
A research team at Dartmouth-Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center (NCCC) illustrates that complex interactions between different immune cell types in the tumor microenvironment play meaningful roles in patient survival.

Adrian Raftery receives Ireland's St. Patrick's Day Medal for contributions to statistics
On March 15, Prime Minister Enda Kenny of Ireland presented Adrian Raftery, a professor of statistics and sociology at the University of Washington, with the St.

Elucidated connection between renal failure and 'bad' mitochondria described
Biologists from the A.N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, a unit of the Lomonosov Moscow State University suggested the approach to prevent kidney injury after ischemia.

Flower-rich habitats increase survival of bumblebee families
New research led by the UK's Centre for Ecology & Hydrology has revealed for the first time that flower-rich habitats are key to enhancing the survival of bumblebee families between years.

Better barcoding: New library of DNA sequences improves plant identification
Researchers from the Department of Environmental Science at Emory University have used publicly available data to develop a sequence library of the rbcL gene, a popular barcode in plants, for use in DNA metabarcoding studies.

Scientists identify a black hole choking on stardust
MIT scientists using the All Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASASSN) have identified a black hole, choking on stardust.

Fossil or inorganic structure? Scientists dig into early life forms
An international research team found that fossil-like objects grew in natural spring water abundant in the early stages of the Earth.

Baycrest creates first Canadian Brain Health Food Guide for adults
Baycrest scientists have led the development of the first Canadian Brain Health Food Guide to help adults over 50 preserve their thinking and memory skills as they age.

Dark matter less influential in galaxies in early universe
New observations indicate that massive, star-forming galaxies during the peak epoch of galaxy formation, 10 billion years ago, were dominated by baryonic or 'normal' matter.

'No fat' or 'no sugar' label equals no guarantee of nutritional quality
Terms such as no-fat or no-sugar, low-fat or reduced-salt on food packaging may give consumers a sense of confidence before they purchase, but these claims rarely reflect the actual nutritional quality of the food, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Researchers map pathways to protective antibodies for an HIV vaccine
A Duke Health-led research team has described both the pathway of HIV protective antibody development and a synthetic HIV outer envelope mimic that has the potential to induce the antibodies with vaccination.

New flexible sensor holds potential for foldable touch screens
Picture a tablet that you can fold into the size of a phone and put away in your pocket, or an artificial skin that can sense your body's movements and vital signs.

An epidemic of epipens
Researchers at the University of Birmingham have found that prescriptions of adrenaline autoinjectors (commonly called 'epipens') for children with allergies have increased markedly in the last decade, with nearly four devices a year provided per child.

Undergoing hip replacement improves five-year quality of life
Patients undergoing total hip replacement experience meaningful and lasting improvements in quality of life (QOL) through at least five years after the procedure, reports a study in the March 15 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Scientists analyze dispersal of parasites by birds in the Americas
An international study investigates transmission of microorganisms that cause malaria and other diseases from migratory to resident avian species.

Mount Sinai to present clinical findings at American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions 2017
Physicians, fellows, and researchers from Mount Sinai Health System will present research updates and clinical findings at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Sessions in Washington, D.C., March 17-19, 2017.

From the butterfly's wing to the tornado: Predicting turbulence
Remember the butterfly-triggers-tornado adage? Chaos theory says calculating turbulence to find out if that's true must be impossible. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to