Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 16, 2017
Reduced dose of warfarin alternative may help prevent strokes in dialysis patients
In dialysis patients who took 2.5 mg of apixaban twice daily, blood concentrations of the drug were maintained at therapeutic levels.

Parts of the Earth's original crust remain in place today
Analysis of rock samples harvested from the Canadian Shield suggests the samples contain components of Earth's crust that existed more than 4.2 billion year ago.

Rare cricket family sheds light on extinct Jurassic species' acoustics
World-first research into the sole remaining living insects of an ancient super-family of crickets has revealed vibrating areas on seemingly unspecialized wings which create sound, representing a transitional stage between those of their fossilized ancestors and the adapted form of modern bush-crickets.

Intact mushroom and mycophagous rove beetle in Burmese amber leak early evolution of mushrooms
Recently, a research team led by Professor Huang Diying from Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology reported a diversity of gilled mushrooms and mycophagous rove beetles from Burmese amber, the latter belonging to Oxyporinae, modern members of which exhibit an obligate association with soft-textured mushrooms.

The recipe for especially efficient stomata
Scientists have identified a key element underlying the superior function of stomata -- or tiny, gas-exchanging pores -- in grasses, where stomata function more efficiently than they do in other plant types.

Immune cell drives heart failure in mice
A new study in mice reveals that eosinophils, a type of disease-fighting white blood cell, appear to be at least partly responsible for the progression of heart muscle inflammation to heart failure in mice.

Genetic association with aggressive prostate cancer discovered
An international study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute has identified a genetic connection to the aggressive form of prostate cancer.

Zeroing in on the Zika virus
Hobman has been announced as one of three Canadian scientists who have received funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) for their teams to study the Zika virus.

Latest research on children's issues to be featured at biennial meeting
The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) will hold its Biennial Meeting in Austin at the Austin Convention Center from April 6-8, 2017.

Hawaiian biodiversity has been declining for millions of years
DNA analysis led some biologists to conclude that evolutionary diversification in Hawaii has yet to peak, but a new analysis shows the opposite: biodiversity on the island chain peaked millions of years ago and has been decreasing every since.

PETA science group promotes animal-free science at society of toxicology conference
The PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. is presenting two posters on animal-free methods for testing inhalation toxicity at the 56th annual Society of Toxicology (SOT) meeting March 12 to 16, 2017, in Baltimore, Maryland.

NJIT alumnus is named one of the country's 'new faces of civil engineering'
Muhammad Elgammal, P.E., PMP, a 27-year-old associate civil engineer at The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, will be honored tonight at an American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) gala in Arlington, Va., as one of the organization's 10 'New Faces of Civil Engineering' for 2017.

To kill ticks, target their animal hosts
An emerging tool in the fight against tick-borne disease, host-targeted bait boxes employ a sneaky trick: turning some of ticks' favorite carriers -- small mammals like mice and chipmunks -- against them.

Is spring getting longer? UNH research points to a lengthening 'vernal window'
When spring arrives, temperatures begin to rise, ice is melts, and the world around us starts to blossom.

Fellowships will enhance reporters' aging coverage
The Journalists in Aging Fellows Program -- run jointly by The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) and New America Media (NAM) since its launch in 2010 -- has received renewed grant support to welcome its eighth cohort of fellows.

Internists deeply concerned by administration's fiscal year 2018 'skinny' budget proposal
ACP today said it is deeply concerned about the fiscal year 2018 budget outline or 'skinny' budget released this morning by the Trump administration because it proposes deep cuts to medical and health services research, primary care training programs, and many other essential health-care programs and research.

CRF faculty and fellows to present abstracts at ACC.17
Faculty and fellows from the Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) will be presenting abstracts at the American College of Cardiology 66th Annual Scientific Session taking place March 17-19, 2017 at the Walter E.

New anti-Wolbachia drug regimen could reduce treatment times of LF and Oncho to 1-2 weeks
This week, scientists from the A·WOL Consortium based at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine have published a paper entitled 'Short-Course, High-Dose Rifampicin Achieves Wolbachia Depletion Predictive of Curative Outcomes in Preclinical Models of Lymphatic Filariasis and Onchocerciasis' in Scientific Reports.

'Do no harm' vs. 'legitimate use of force'
UdeM bioethicists study whether health professionals in the Canadian Armed Forces can abide by two ethics codes, civilian and military.

Electro-optical switch transmits data at record-low temperatures
A silicon optical switch newly developed at Sandia National Laboratories is the first to transmit up to 10 gigabits per second of data at temperatures just a few degrees above absolute zero.

Only the tip of the iceberg
Whether orchids or mammals, insects or slugs and snails: nowadays there are a large number of animals and plants under observation.

The carbon dioxide loop
Marine biologists quantify the carbon consumption of bacterioplankton to better understand the ocean carbon cycle.

Water conservation messaging effectiveness during California's ongoing drought
Chapman University has published the results of a state-wide study on the communication campaigns California has been employing to address its ongoing drought.

Hospital for Special Surgery hand surgeon receives prestigious award for research
Scott Wolfe, M.D., chief emeritus of the Hand and Upper Extremity Service at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, has received the prestigious Kappa Delta Elizabeth Winston Lanier Award.

Scientists develop light-controllable tool to study CaMKII kinetics in learning and memory
Researchers at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience are studying how proteins facilitate the plasticity of dendritic spines, the biological basis of learning and memory.

Smoking cessation programs benefit patients prior to joint replacements
Smokers who needed a hip or knee replacement experienced better surgical outcomes and fewer adverse events including hospital readmissions, surgical site infections and blood clots if they were enrolled in a smoking cessation program prior to surgery, according to preliminary new research.

Precision medicine platform now open for collaborative discovery about cardiovascular diseases
The AHA Institute for Precision Cardiovascular MedicineTM is calling on all cardiovascular and stroke dataset owners and stewards to share their data as the first step in acquiring all the pieces needed to treat and prevent heart failure, stroke, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation and other cardiovascular diseases.

A prescription for touch: Early experiences shape preterm babies' brains
Newborn babies experience the world through touch. Now, researchers who have measured the brain responses of 125 infants -- including babies who were born prematurely and others who went full-term -- show that a baby's earliest experiences of touch have lasting effects on the way their young brains respond to gentle touch when they go home.

Deep learning and stock trading
A study undertaken by researchers at the School of Business and Economics at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) has shown that computer programs that algorithms based on artificial intelligence are able to make profitable investment decisions.

Agriculture, dietary changes, and adaptations in fat metabolism from ancient to modern Europeans
Evolutionary biologists are weighing in based on the increasing power of DNA analyses to explore how changes in diet over eons have caused human adaptations to genes regulating fat metabolism.

Electroacupuncture releases stem cells to relieve pain, promote tissue repair, study finds
A new study published in the journal Stem Cells demonstrates how electroacupuncture triggers a neurological mechanism that can help promote tissue repair and relieve injury-induced pain.

A multi-channel nano-optical device dramatically increases the parallel processing speed
The IBS research group devised disordered arrangement of the antennas to minimize redundancy between the antennas and enabled each antenna to function independently.

Symphonizing the science: NASA twins study team begins integrating results
NASA Twins Study researchers are eager to integrate their results and create a symphony of science.

ESHG supports the principle of genetic privacy at work
The European Society of Human Genetics calls for the genetic privacy of individuals to be upheld in the light of the bill that would allow companies to require employees to undergo genetic testing and disclose the results to their employers, or risk having to make health insurance payments of thousands of dollars extra.

Cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder discovered
An overactive molecular signal pathway in the brain region of the amygdala can lead to obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Astronomers observe a dying red giant star's final act
An international team of astronomers has observed a striking spiral pattern in the gas surrounding a red giant star called LL Pegasi and its companion star 3,400 light-years from Earth.

Nanoparticle paves the way for new triple negative breast cancer drug
A potential new drug to tackle the highly aggressive 'triple negative' breast cancer -- and a nanoparticle to deliver it directly into the cancer cells -- have been developed by UK researchers.

Novel nozzle saves crystals
Thanks to an innovative nozzle, scientists can now analyse more types of proteins while using fewer of the hard-to-get protein crystals.

Workers' compensation claims offer insight into seafood processing injuries in Oregon
A review of workers' compensation claims indicates that workers in Oregon's seafood processing industry are suffering serious injuries at higher rates than the statewide average, and the rate of injuries appears to be on the rise, researchers at Oregon State University have found.

Computer simulation of protein synthesis reveals awesome complexity of cell machinery
A Japanese research team led by Osaka University and Riken ran computer simulations of protein production.

Tardigrades use unique protein to protect themselves from desiccation
Tardigrades have captured the imagination of scientists for almost 250 years, thanks to their ability to survive extreme environments that would destroy most other living things.

Medicaid expansion linked to increased prescribing of buprenorphine for opioid use disorder treatment
States where Medicaid coverage was expanded under the Affordable Care Act have had a significant increase in prescribing of buprenorphine -- a medication that plays an important role in addressing the opioid epidemic, reports a study in the April issue of Medical Care.

Dietary anti-cancer compound may work by influence on cellular genetics
Researchers have found that sulforaphane, a dietary compound from broccoli that's known to help prevent prostate cancer, may work through its influence on long, non-coding RNAs.

Empathy from the sick may be critical to halting disease outbreaks
A little empathy can go a long way toward ending infectious disease outbreaks.

Aim of UTA assessment study to foster collaboration across region
A University of Texas at Arlington interdisciplinary project will assess fair housing issues across jurisdictional lines for the North Texas region.

Stanford scientists reveal how grass developed a better way to breathe
Grasses are better able to withstand drought or high temperatures than many other plants in large part due to changes in their pores, called stomata.

Researchers create viruses to selectively attack tumor cells
It is an innovative approach that takes advantage of the different expression profiles of certain proteins between tumor and healthy cells that make the virus to only infect the first ones.

Fat cells step in to help liver during fasting
How do mammals keep two biologically crucial metabolites in balance during times when they are feeding, sleeping, and fasting?

Kappa Delta awards honor innovative orthopaedic research
The Kappa Delta Sorority and the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation today presented four awards to scientists conducting outstanding musculoskeletal disease or injury research with the goal of advancing patient treatment and care.

Multi-year study finds 'hotspots' of ammonia over world's major agricultural areas
The first global, long-term satellite study of airborne ammonia gas has revealed

Racial disparities persist in treatment and survival of early stage lung cancer
Analysis of the largest American cancer database indicates that racial disparities persist in the treatment and outcomes of patients diagnosed with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Nose form was shaped by climate
Big, small, broad, narrow, long or short, turned up, pug, hooked, bulbous or prominent, humans inherit their nose shape from their parents, but ultimately, the shape of someone's nose and that of their parents was formed by a long process of adaptation to our local climate, according to an international team of researchers.

The fed's bank bailout
For the first time ever, new research from Washington University in St.

The repulsion trick: A self-solving puzzle for organic molecules
Jülich researchers have succeeded in controlling the growth of organic molecules using a special trick.

Delirium is associated with 5-fold increased mortality in acute cardiac patients
Delirium is associated with a five-fold increase in mortality in acute cardiac patients, according to research published today in European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care.

A preference for casual sex increases risk of harassment
Adolescents who are open to casual sex are more often involved in sexual harassment -- both as victims and as perpetrators.

NASA's GPM analyzed rainfall in ex-Tropical Cyclone 11S
Ex-tropical cyclone 11S was still generating some heavy rainfall, despite losing its tropical status and becoming a sub-tropical storm when the GPM core satellite passed overhead.

Block copolymer micellization as a protection strategy for DNA origami
Scientists from the Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden/TU Dresden and the University of Tokyo led by Dr.

Nanocages for gold particles: What is happening inside?
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have used high-resolution crystallography to uncover the mechanism behind protein-assisted synthesis of gold nanoparticles, providing a platform for designing nanomaterials tailored for biomedical application.

A blood test for autism
An algorithm based on levels of metabolites found in a blood sample can accurately predict whether a child is on the autism spectrum of disorder (ASD), based upon a recent study.

Proton therapy offers new treatment possibility for recurrent lung cancer
A new study offers hope for patients with recurrent lung cancer, who historically have been considered ineligible for curative treatment.

Link between Vitamin D treatment and autism prevention
Giving vitamin D supplements to mice during pregnancy prevents autism traits in their offspring, University of Queensland researchers have discovered.

Giving birth may be riskier today than in the past
A new article explores how the double burden of malnutrition and the global obesity epidemic may be reshaping obstetrical difficulties experienced by women.

New analysis method of metabolites accurately predicts whether a child has autism
Scientists have developed a new, highly accurate method that analyzes metabolic biomarkers to assess whether a child is on the autism spectrum, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Securing the future of cattle production in Africa
A world-first genetic study of cattle in Africa has revealed clues which could help secure the future of meat and dairy production on the continent.

Whole body vibration has same health benefits as treadmill walking in a model of obesity and diabete
A daily dose of whole body vibration -- like time on a treadmill -- reduces body fat and insulin resistance and improves muscle and bone strength in a mouse model of morbid obesity and diabetes, researchers report.

Outwitting climate change with a plant 'dimmer'?
Plants possess molecular mechanisms that prevent them from blooming in winter.

New plant research leads to discovery of a gene that increases seed yield in maize
Researchers from VIB-UGent have discovered a gene that significantly increases plant growth and seed yield in maize.

Three Harvard experts explain how economics can shape precision medicines
Many public and private efforts focus on research in precision medicine.

Human antibody for Zika virus promising for treatment, prevention
Researchers have determined the structure of a human antibody bound to the Zika virus, revealing details about how the antibody interferes with the infection mechanism -- findings that could aid in development of antiviral medications.

Prostate cancer trial shows treating with precision radiotherapy cuts course of treatment by 50 percent
An Ontario-led international clinical trial with 1,206 men with localized prostate cancer shows that compressing radiation treatments into four weeks from eight delivers similar outcomes.

DeepMind-Royal Free deal is 'cautionary tale' for health care in the algorithmic age
A study of a deal which has allowed Google DeepMind access to millions of health-care records argues that more needs to be done to regulate such agreements between public sector bodies and private technology firms.

New center to address antimicrobial drug development challenge
A state-of-the-art research center to help accelerate the development of new antibiotics is set to be established by the University of Liverpool.

Drug and alcohol problems linked to increased veteran suicide risk, especially in women
Veterans who have drug or alcohol problems are more than twice as likely to die by suicide as their comrades, a new study finds.

Difficult to get orthodontics to work in younger children
Nagging by parents -- and the ingenuity of the child.

SBRT offers curative option for lung cancer patients age 80 and older
Patients in their 80s and 90s who have early stage lung cancer but cannot undergo an operation can be treated safely and effectively with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), according to research presented today at the 2017 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium.

Treating cocaine addiction by reducing our appetite for drugs?
The hypocretin/orexin (HCRT) system of the brain is best known for promoting wakefulness and appetite.

Animal behaviorist looks through the eyes of peafowl
Dr. Jessica Yorzinski uses peafowl to conduct a variety of behavioral studies.

New plant research solves a colorful mystery
Research led by scientists at the John Innes Centre has solved a long-standing mystery by deducing how and why strange yet colorful structures called 'anthocyanic vacuolar inclusions' occur in some plants.

William J. Robb III, M.D., receives American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' highest honor
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons today presented the 2017 William W.

How gut inflammation drives the evolution of harmful bacteria
Inflammation in the gut helps bacterial viruses spread to other strains of bacteria and promotes their success, a new study in mice finds.

Review confirms link between drug use and poor dental health
A new review published online today in the scientific journal Addiction has found that dental patients with substance use disorders have more tooth decay and periodontal disease than the general population, but are less likely to receive dental care.

Ligament reconstruction effective in treating kneecap instability from trochlear dysplasia
A study at Hospital for Special Surgery finds ligament reconstruction is an effective treatment for kneecap instability in patients with trochlear dysplasia.

Prevention and prediction: Understanding how lung cancer progresses
Treating the brain with a preventative course of radiation may help small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients -- whose tumors often spread to their brain -- live longer, according to a new study from researchers in the Abramson Cancer Center and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Poll shows majority of Floridians want to keep or expand Obamacare
A majority of Floridians would like to expand the Affordable Care Act (commonly referred to as Obamacare) or keep the law as is, while nearly three-quarters of them are concerned that people would lose their health insurance if the law is repealed, according to a statewide survey by the Florida Atlantic University Business and Economics Polling Initiative (FAU BEPI).

Old target, new mechanism for overcoming tuberculosis resistance
In strains of tuberculosis that have developed drug resistance mutations, researchers have identified a secondary pathway that can be activated to reinstate drug sensitivity.

Genetics Society of America honors Sally G. Hoskins with 2017 Elizabeth W. Jones Award
The Genetics Society of America is pleased to announce that Sally G.

Paleozoic echinoderm hangover: Waking up in the Triassic
The end-Paleozoic witnessed the most devastating mass extinction in Earth's history so far, killing the majority of species and profoundly shaping the evolutionary history of the survivors.

Genetic profile of treatment-resistant lung cancer more variable than previously thought
The genetic mutations underlying treatment resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are more complex and dynamic than previously thought.

Call-to-action to improve and extend lives of patients with advanced breast cancer by 2025
The European School of Oncology (ESO) today announced the preliminary Global mBC Vision 2025 Call-to-Action, a collaboration between ESO and Pfizer, to improve and extend the lives of patients with advanced/metastatic breast cancer (ABC/mBC) around the world by 2025 at the 15th St.

Biomarker blood test shows cancer recurrence months before CT scans
Results from a prospective clinical trial showed that a blood test looking at specific biomarkers was able to detect recurrences of lung cancer an average of six months before conventional imaging methods found evidence of recurrence.

Engage with the world's brightest mathematicians and computer scientists in Heidelberg!
The 5th Heidelberg Laureate Forum will take place from September 24-29, 2017, and preparations are well underway.

Youth financial literacy program receives financial boost
The SunTrust Foundation has approved a $75,000 grant to grow University of Tennessee Extension's 'On My Own' financial literacy program.

58 million Americans are exposed to loud, frequent noises, including firearms, at work and home
A study finds substantial noise exposures, with potentially serious long-term hearing health consequences, frequently occur in occupational and recreational settings.

Richard E. Grant, M.D., receives American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' Diversity Award
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons today presented the 2017 Diversity Award to orthopaedic surgeon Richard E.

UC researchers use gold coating to control luminescence of nanowires
In electronics, the race for smaller is huge. Physicists at the University of Cincinnati are working to harness the power of nanowires, microscopic wires that have the potential to improve solar cells or revolutionize fiber optics.

European Geosciences Union meeting: Press conferences, media registration
The schedule of press conferences at the General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union (EGU) is now available.

How were female patients perceived after face-lift surgery?
Face-lift surgery is among the most common facial cosmetic procedures performed.

Combination of radiation and immune checkpoint therapy holds potential for lung cancer
An emerging approach for cancer treatment seeks to combine radiation therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs) to more effectively control tumors in the chest with an acceptable risk of severe treatment-related side effects.

How do Ebola virus proteins released in exosomes affect the immune system?
Cells infected by the deadly Ebola virus may release viral proteins such as VP40 packaged in exosomes, which, as new research indicates, can affect immune cells throughout the body impairing their ability to combat the infection and to seek out and destroy hidden virus.

Orthopedic surgeon David A. Spiegel, M.D., honored for 20 years of humanitarian work
David A. Spiegel, M.D., is the recipient of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' 2017 Humanitarian Award.

Delirium in critically ill children admitted to intensive care units common and widespread
One out of every four children admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) for critical illness develops delirium, according to an international study led by Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian investigators.

Not like the other black girls
The presumed sisterhood between young black women in the United States doesn't exist between the different classes.

Repeated eye injections for age-related macular degeneration associated with increased risk for glaucoma
Patients with age-related macular degeneration who received seven or more eye injections of the drug bevacizumab annually had a higher risk of having glaucoma surgery, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Next-gen steel under the microscope
Next-generation steel and metal alloys are a step closer to reality, thanks to an international research project involving a University of Queensland scientist.

'Responsible Shale Energy Extraction' Conference as part of Earth Day Texas 2017
The University of Texas at Arlington is organizing the inaugural 'Responsible Shale Energy Extraction' Conference on April 21-22 at Fair Park in Dallas as part of Earth Day Texas, the world's largest annual forum for sharing the latest initiatives, discoveries, research, innovations, policies, and corporate practices that are reshaping our world.

Scripps Florida scientists develop new drug delivery method for cancer therapy
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a new drug delivery method that produces strong results in treating cancers in animal models, including some hard-to-treat solid and liquid tumors.

Operation of ancient biological clock uncovered
A team of Dutch and German researchers has discovered the operation of one of the oldest biological clocks in the world, which is crucial for life on earth as we know it.

The Graphene 2017 Conference connects Barcelona with the international graphene-based industry
This prestigious Conference to be held at the Barcelona International Convention Centre (March 28-31) aims to bring together academia and industry to integrate new graphene technologies into practical applications.

Allen Cell Types Database updated with new data and models
The Allen Institute for Brain Science has released additional data and computer models of cell activity for inclusion in the Allen Cell Types Database: a publicly available tool for researchers to explore and understand the building blocks of the brain.

Study: Challenges veterans face when transitioning from the battlefield to the classroom
A research team investigating the mental health burden and treatment-seeking behaviors of student veterans attending rural community colleges in the southern United States has found that this population has difficulty integrating into the campus community and needs support to help it succeed.

Statin timing and dosage may improve heart surgery outcomes
Patients on statins should not stop taking the cholesterol-lowering medication before heart surgery -- even on the day of surgery, according to an article posted online today in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Having athletic trainers could benefit youth football organizations
Youth football organizations can benefit from the presence of a certified athletic trainer at their practices and games, according to an anecdotal report by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

When our world turns 'upside-down,' serotonin helps us deal with it
It has been called the 'happiness molecule' due to its antidepressant effects in drugs such as Prozac.

Climate had a hand in shaping the human nose
The size and shape of the nose in different human populations is not simply the result of chance, but evolved, at least in part, in response to local climate conditions, report Arslan Zaidi and Mark Shriver of Pennsylvania State University, in a study published March 16, 2017, in PLOS Genetics.

Earth's first example of recycling -- its own crust!
Rock samples from northeastern Canada retain chemical signals that help explain what Earth's crust was like more than 4 billion years ago, reveals new work from Carnegie's Richard Carlson and Jonathan O'Neil of the University of Ottawa.

AGS raises concerns on cuts to training, research in president trump's proposed budget
The American Geriatrics Society (AGS) expressed its deep disappointment with proposed cuts to geriatrics training, healthcare research, and a range of services for older adults -- all outlined by President Trump in his budget plan for 2018.

How improved valves let grasses 'breathe,' cope with climate change
New work from a joint team of plant biologists and ecologists has uncovered the factor behind an important innovation that makes grasses -- both the kind that make up native prairies and the kind we've domesticated for crops -- among the most-common and widespread plants on the planet.

Preventing lead spread
While lead pipes were banned decades ago, they still supply millions of American households with water each day.

Better sleep feels like winning the lottery
Improving your sleep quality is as beneficial to health and happiness as winning the lottery, according to research by the University of Warwick. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to