Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 21, 2017
New drug strategy: Target ribosome to halt protein production
Researchers have discovered a drug that acts like a wrench thrown into the ribosome, stopping the protein production machinery, but only for a small number of proteins, upending current thinking that drugs targeting the ribosome would cause it to stop production of all of a cell's proteins.

Vital directions for health and health care
A new publication from the National Academy of Medicine identifies eight policy directions as vital to the nation's health and fiscal future, including action priorities and essential infrastructure needs that represent major opportunities to improve health outcomes and increase efficiency and value in the health system, according to the article published online by JAMA.

New method for the diagnosis of autism found
Auditory hypersensitivity is the major complication in autism. The researchers at Mie University in Japan demonstrated, using autism model rats, that morphological abnormality of auditory pathway are involved in this impairment.

Findings show lack of benefit of prenatal DHA supplementation on IQ in children
Longer-term follow-up of a randomized trial found strong evidence for the lack of benefit of prenatal DHA supplementation on IQ in children at 7 years of age, according to a study published by JAMA.

Potential early warning signs of osteoporosis found in South Asian women
Pre-menopausal South Asian women could be more at risk of developing osteoporosis in later life than white Caucasian women, a new study in the journal Bone reports.

Genetics Society of America honors Jonathan Hodgkin with 2017 Novitski Prize
The Genetics Society of America is pleased to announce that Jonathan Hodgkin, PhD is the 2017 recipient of the Edward Novitski Prize in recognition of his extraordinary creativity and ingenuity in solving significant genetics problems.

Intervention that engages youth on ethnic and racial identity can enhance positive development
Developing an ethnic-racial identity is an important task for young people growing up in the United States.

New approach uses ultrasound to measure fluid in the lungs
A team of engineering and medical researchers has found a way to use ultrasound to monitor fluid levels in the lung, offering a noninvasive way to track progress in treating pulmonary edema -- fluid in the lungs -- which often occurs in patients with congestive heart failure.

Mouse study identifies new method for treating depression
Standard antidepressant medications don't work for everyone, and even when they do they are slow to kick in.

Parents' advice can support or undermine targets of school bullying-prevention programs
Children who are bystanders to a bullying incident are more likely to intervene if their parents have given them advice to intervene and less likely to intervene if their parents tell them to 'stay out of it,' according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, a journal of the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.

Interferon drug shows promise in treating Ebola
A pilot study of a class of drugs used to treat hepatitis and some forms of multiple sclerosis has been shown for the first time to ease symptoms of Ebola patients, while also increasing their survival.

Multiple genetic markers combined to estimate risk of developing Alzheimer's disease
A risk score derived from genetic data may be able to estimate an individual's risk of Alzheimer's disease at a particular age, according to research published in PLOS Medicine.

Does the universe have a rest frame?
Physics is sometimes closer to philosophy when it comes to understanding the universe.

AML study correlates gene mutations with 34 disease subgroups
A large, new study of adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) correlates 80 cancer-related gene mutations with five subtypes of AML, which are defined by the presence of specific chromosomal abnormalities.

Suicide risk is higher in first year after deliberate self-harm
New findings suggest that American adults who survive deliberate self-harm are at increased risk of suicide in the first year after such an event, indicating a need to direct clinical interventions in the critical 12 months following such episodes.

Estimating the glass transition temperature for polymers in 'confined geometries'
Polystyrene has a glass transition temperature of about 100 C -- at room temperature it behaves like a solid material.

Number abilities in humans, birds and fish are based in brain's subcortex
Cognitive neuroscience researcher Joonkoo Park at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who recently received a five-year, $751,000 faculty early career development (CAREER) grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to address basic research questions about how our brains process number and magnitude and how such processes give rise to more complex mathematical thinking, has co-authored a paper that reports this week where in the brain numerical quantity evaluation is processed.

'Geofencing' shows promise in tracking chronic care
Location-tracking apps on smartphones could be used to help track and manage care for thousands of patients who suffer from chronic diseases, and possibly even provide feedback to them on lifestyle changes that could help, according to an initial assessment by researchers at UC San Francisco.

From Genome Research: Pathogen demonstrates genome flexibility in cystic fibrosis
Chronic lung infections can be devastating for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and infection by Burkholderia cenocepacia, one of the most common species found in cystic fibrosis patients, is often antibiotic resistant.

Children's Hospital Colorado research argues for use of medical homes in pediatrics
New research from Children's Hospital Colorado (Children's Colorado) argues strongly in favor of the redirection of public funding to invest in improving the use of patient centered medical homes for children with public or no insurance.

A new model for capillary rise in nano-channels offers insights into fracking
With fracking, scientists have calculated the expected level of capillary rise with the Lucas-Washburn equation, a mathematical model whose earliest parameters were first devised nearly a century ago.

In new grants, FARE focuses on studies to unravel food allergy causes, improve treatments
Food Allergy Research & Education is pleased to announce recipients of the 2017 FARE Investigator in Food Allergy Awards.

HIV co-infection influences natural selection on M. tuberculosis
While M. tuberculosis has been evolving with humans for thousands of years, HIV co-infections create host immunological environments that this bacterium has not encountered before and could, therefore, be nudging it to evolve new characteristics.

Researchers identify potential treatment for type of muscle and brain degenerative disease
UCLA researchers have discovered the molecular basis of an incurable disease known as inclusion body myopathy.

Comet 67P full of surprises, says study led by CU Boulder
Images returned from the European Space Agency's Rosetta mission indicate the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko was a very active place during its most recent trip through the solar system, says a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

New brain-inspired cybersecurity system detects 'bad apples' 100 times faster
The Neuromorphic Cyber Microscope can look for the complex patterns that indicate specific 'bad apples,' all while using less electricity than a standard 60-watt light bulb, due to its brain-inspired design.

National Academy of Medicine releases publication on how to improve nation's health system
As the nation discusses repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act, the National Academy of Medicine today released a publication on crosscutting priorities that provides a succinct blueprint to address challenges to Americans' health and health care that span beyond debates over insurance coverage.

Journal of Parkinson's Disease celebrates key breakthroughs
Amsterdam, The Netherlands, March 21, 2017 - Marking the 200th anniversary of James Parkinson's first published description of the disease that would come to bear his name, the Journal of Parkinson's Disease is proud to publish Milestones in 200 Years of Parkinson's Disease Research.

Energy drinks mask alcohol's effects, increase injury risk
People who mix highly caffeinated energy drinks with their alcoholic beverages may be at increased risk for injury, according to a review in the March issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Peers, more than teachers, inspire us to learn
'Why do I have to learn this?' It's a common question among youth, but new research out of Michigan State University suggests students perform much better academically when the answer is provided by their peers rather than their teachers.

Liverpool scientists awarded £1 million Leverhulme grant to explore Earth's deep interior
Scientists from the University of Liverpool are seeking to answer unsolved questions about Earth's core and mantle with a major research project supported by the Leverhulme Trust.

New study: Pre-pregnancy BMI directly linked to excess pregnancy weight gain
It's well known that excessive weight gain during pregnancy can have a lasting negative impact on the health of a mother and her baby.

The Lancet Public Health: The global tobacco control treaty has reduced
The global tobacco control treaty has increased the adoption of tobacco reduction measures around the world, which has led to a 2.5 percent reduction in global smoking rates, according to a study published in The Lancet Public Health.

NASA's hybrid computer enables Raven's autonomous rendezvous capability
A hybrid computing system developed at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, is the enabling technology behind an ambitious experiment testing a relative navigation and autonomous docking capability known as Raven.

Spray painting biomaterials onto heart promotes cardiac repair after myocardial infarction
Researchers have demonstrated the effectiveness of a minimally invasive method to form a regenerative cardiac patch that promotes repair of damaged cardiac tissue in a mouse model of a heart attack.

New species of terrestrial crab found climbing on trees in Hong Kong
A new species of terrestrial crab has been found to climb trees on the eastern coast of Hong Kong.

Changes in the vascular system may trigger Alzheimer's disease
In some people whose cognitive functions are weakened due to Alzheimer's, the disease can be traced back to changes in the brain's blood vasculature.

Scientists discover new 'boat' form of promising semiconductor GeSe
Princeton researchers have discovered a new form of the simple compound GeSe that has surprisingly escaped detection until now.

Genetic assessment developed to determine risk for age-associated Alzheimer's disease
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and University of California San Francisco, has developed a novel genetic score that allows individuals to calculate their age-specific risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), based upon genetic information.

Cool capabilities: Sea hunter, tern on display at sea-air-space
The Office of Naval Research and the Naval Research Laboratory will showcase various technologies at the 2017 Sea-Air-Space Exposition, to be held April 3-5 at the Gaylord Convention Center in National Harbor, Maryland.

Electrons used to control ultrashort laser pulses
We may soon get better insight into the microcosm and the world of electrons.

Satnavs 'switch off' parts of the brain
Using a satnav to get to your destination 'switches off' parts of the brain that would otherwise be used to simulate different routes, reveals new UCL research.

Shortage of drug to treat low blood pressure from septic shock associated with increased deaths
Patients with septic shock admitted to hospitals affected by the 2011 shortage of the drug norepinephrine had a higher risk of in-hospital death, according to a study published online by JAMA.

China's economic growth could help other developing countries
Research published today examines China's recent successful economic growth and how this could be applied to help other developing countries grow their economies.

Initial hospital costs from gunshot wounds total $6.6 billion over 9 years, study finds
Gun violence resulted in initial hospitalization costs of more than $6.6 billion nationwide from 2006 through 2014 -- an average of $734.6 million per year, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford School of Medicine.

Almond-crop fungicides a threat to honey bees
Fungicides commonly used in almond orchards can be harmful to almond growers' primary pollinator: honey bees.

When helium behaves like a black hole
A team of scientists has discovered that a law controlling the bizarre behavior of black holes out in space -- is also true for cold helium atoms that can be studied in laboratories.

Pulverizing electronic waste is green, clean -- and cold
Milling electronic waste into nanoscale particles allows polymers, oxides and metals to be separated for recycling into new products.

Livestock can uproot protected wildlife from prime real estate
The story of wildlife conservation is usually framed as man vs. treasured wildlife.

Tailored sexual health messages urgently needed for young female tourists, expert says
With both tourism and casual 'hookup' sex on the rise among college-age adults, there's an urgent need for gender-sensitive and age-appropriate sexual health campaigns that are tailored to young women's motivations for taking sexual risks while traveling, a new study by University of Illinois scholar Liza Berdychevsky suggests.

New gel-like coating beefs up the performance of lithium-sulfur batteries
Yale scientists have developed an ultra-thin coating material that has the potential to extend the life and improve the efficiency of lithium-sulfur batteries, one of the most promising areas of energy research today.

Food insecurity in early childhood linked to young children's skills in kindergarten
In the United States, estimates show that a substantial number of children under age 5 live in households that are food insecure.

Screening for both malnutrition and frailty needed to enhance health of aging populations
A new literature review describes overlap in prevalence, diagnostic criteria, and treatment of frailty and malnutrition, two conditions currently diagnosed independently of each other in the elderly.

Finding the 'ghost particles' might be more challenging than what we thought
Results from the NEOS experiment on sterile neutrinos differ partly from the theoretical expectations.

CuanTec -- a new force in the fight against food waste
One of the University of Strathclyde's newest start-up companies is tackling the costly and environmentally damaging disposal of seafood waste in landfill -- by converting it into food packaging.

Ads for low-testosterone treatments benefit sales but not necessarily health
Direct-to-consumer advertising for drugs to treat testosterone deficiency -- or 'low T' -- increases prescriptions to men for hormone-replacement therapies but may not improve their health, UC Davis physician Richard Kravitz said in an editorial published in the March 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Fish evolve by playing it safe
New research supports the creation of more marine reserves in the world's oceans because, the authors say, fish can evolve to be more cautious and stay away from fishing nets.

Scientists follow seeds to solve ecological puzzle
A four-year study of one rare and one common lupine growing in coastal dunes showed that a native mouse steals most of the rare lupines seeds while they are still attached to the plant.

Boys secure in their racial identity seek more diverse friendships
Kids often seek answers from parents, friends and media to better understand their racial identity.

What to do in a disaster: New must-have guide for health professionals
A world-first grass-roots guide for doctors, nurses, paramedics and other health professionals to give them a much-needed common language to deal with the growing number of natural and man-made disasters worldwide.

Astronomers hazard a ride in a 'drifting carousel' to understand pulsating stars
What sounds like a stomach-turning ride at an amusement park might hold the key to unraveling the mysterious mechanism that causes beams of radio waves to shoot out from pulsars -- super-magnetic rotating stars in our galaxy.

Brain fatty acid levels dysregulated in Alzheimer's disease
The researchers found that the levels of six unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) (linoleic acid, linolenic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, oleic acid, and arachidonic acid) in the vulnerable brain regions were associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Breaking the supermassive black hole speed limit
A new computer simulation helps explain the existence of puzzling supermassive black holes observed in the early universe.

Universe's ultraviolet background could provide clues about missing galaxies
Astronomers have developed a way to detect the ultraviolet background of the universe, which could help explain why there are so few small galaxies in the cosmos.

New medicine to prevent mothers dying in childbirth succeeds in first trial in humans
The Monash University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (MIPS) today announced positive results from a first-in-human study of a new, inhaled form of a medicine that could significantly reduce maternal deaths around the world.

Quantum dots illuminate transport within the cell
Biophysicists from Utrecht University have developed a strategy for using light-emitting nanocrystals as a marker in living cells.

Optical tool monitors brain's circulatory response to pain
A study reported today in the journal Neurophotonics demonstrates that an optical imaging tool used to monitor regional blood flow and tissue oxygenation may be used to track the brain's response to acute pain in infants, children, and adults.

Sussex Drug Discovery Centre & ReViral reach clinical trial with lung virus treatment
Sussex Drug Discovery Centre & ReViral reached a clinical trial with a 'game changer' treatment for respiratory syncytial virus.

Spintronic technology advances with newly designed magnetic tunnel junctions
Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) have played a central role in spintronic devices, and researchers are working to improve their performance.

USDA announces $11 million to support antimicrobial resistance research
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $11 million in available funding for projects that mitigate antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a growing public health issue that affects more than 2 million people annually.

SIB accelerates the fight against diabetes with several pan-European projects
Recent advances in the fight against type 2 diabetes (T2D) result from a pan-European collaborative project, called IMIDIA, in which the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics is closely involved since 2010.

New drug strategy: Target the ribosome to halt protein production
The discovery of a chemical compound that halts the production of a small set of proteins suggests a new drug search strategy: find compounds that target undesired proteins before they even get made; according to a new study publishing March 21 in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Jamie Cate of University of California, Berkeley, Robert Dullea of Pfizer Worldwide Research & Development, and their respective teams.

Neuren's Phase 2 trofinetide trial shows significant benefit in pediatric Rett syndrome
The International Rett Syndrome Foundation, now doing business as, announces today that Neuren Pharmaceuticals reported that trofinetide had significant clinical benefit in their Phase 2 clinical trial in girls with Rett syndrome aged 5 to 15.

Comet 67P is constantly undergoing a facelift
Changes that the Rosetta spacecraft discovered on the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, including the collapse of entire cliffs, were likely driven by seasonal events, according to a new study.

Frequent dining out may lead to food budget-busting behaviors
People who frequently dine out --including workers who often eat out for lunch -- may struggle to maintain control of their food budget, according to a Penn State researcher.

Before and after: Unique changes spotted on comet 67p/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
A study published March 21, 2017 in the journal Science summarizes the types of surface changes observed during the two years that the European Space Agency's Rosetta spacecraft spent investigating comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

Gene mutation may be linked to unexplained female infertility
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital and Rice University have uncovered a gene mutation that may provide answers to unexplained female infertility.

Infections during pregnancy may interfere with genes linked to prenatal brain development
If a mother picks up an infection during pregnancy, her immune system will kick into action to clear the infection -- but this self-defense mechanism may also have a small influence how her child's brain develops in the womb, in ways that are similar to how the brain develops in autism spectrum disorders.

Cornell evolutionary biology professor explains how to 'walk the Tree of Life'
Harry Greene, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at Cornel University, and Cissy Ballen of the University of Minnesota have just published a paper in PLOS Biology, 'Walking and Talking the Tree of Life: Why and How to Teach About Biodiversity,' discussing why the evolutionary TOL approach to biodiversity is best, to what extent the traditional taxonomy is still used and how to teach TOL using an active learning approach.

Testing the efficacy of new gene therapies more efficiently
Using a new cellular model, innovative gene therapy approaches for the hereditary immunodeficiency Chronic Granulomatous Disease can be tested faster and cost-effectively in the lab for their efficacy.

Chemists created nanoparticles for safe imaging of tumors
Chemists from Russia and Switzerland created biosafe luminescent nanoparticles for imaging tumors and blood vessels damaged by heart attack or stroke.

Manipulating magnetic textures
While the ability to easily control the magnetic properties of small electronic systems is highly desirable for future small electronics and data storage, an effective solution has proven to be extremely elusive.

Non-invasive prostate cancer diagnosing, monitoring
Technology being developed at Washington State University provides a non-invasive approach for diagnosing prostate cancer and tracking the disease's progression.

Results of mouse studies deeply affected by the way the animals are handled
A new study by researchers from the University of Liverpool shows that how mice are picked up by the experimenter can substantially change their behavior in cognitive tests.

430 million-year-old fossil named in honor of Sir David Attenborough
An international team of scientists led by the University of Leicester has discovered a new 430 million-year-old fossil and has named it in honor of Sir David Attenborough -- who grew up on the University campus.

What's the best way to cook pasta? (video)
Cooking pasta chemically changes how the proteins and starches interact, making noodles sticky and springy.

Fossils, caves and karst, and how geology affected the Civil War
A new field guide in conjunction with GSA's Southeastern Section meeting offers seven field guides that explore the diverse geology of Virginia from its Appalachian highlands to the Atlantic shore.

Organic electronics can use power from socket
Organic light-emitting devices and printed electronics can be connected to a socket in the wall by way of a small, inexpensive organic converter, developed in a collaboration between Linköping University and Umeå University.

States can lower risk of measles outbreak by strengthening exemption policies
States with weaker non-medical exemption policies for vaccinations can reduce the likelihood of a measles outbreak 140 to 190 percent by strengthening them, a new study from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus shows.

Insulin resistance may lead to faster cognitive decline
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that insulin resistance, caused in part by obesity and physical inactivity, is also linked to a more rapid decline in cognitive performance.

Older mothers are better mothers
New research shows that older mothers are less likely to punish and scold their children while raising them, and that the children have fewer behavioral, social and emotional difficulties.

Revealing the microscopic mechanisms in perovskite solar cells
In just a few years, researchers have achieved remarkable power conversion efficiency with materials with perovskite crystal structure, comparable with the best photovoltaic materials available.

New insights into side effects can help prostate cancer patients choose treatments
A new study led by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers identifies distinct patterns of side effects for modern-day prostate cancer treatments that patients could use to guide their choices.

ASU showcasing NASA next-gen digital learning at lunar and planetary science conference
Last year, NASA awarded Arizona State University a grant to develop next-generation digital learning experiences that incorporate NASA science content.

Could OTC medicines be the answer to alcoholism?
The study is determining if two over-the-counter (OTC) medications can diminish alcohol abuse in diagnosed bipolar patients.

How prenatal maternal infections may affect genetic factors in autism spectrum disorder
In a new study, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, University of Cyprus and Stanford University map the complex biological cascade caused by MIA: the expression of multiple genes involved in autism are turned up or down by MIA, affecting key aspects of prenatal brain development that may increase risk for atypical development later in life.

Individuals with autism at substantially heightened risk for injury death
Deaths in individuals with autism increased 700 percent in the past 16 years and were three times as likely as in the general population to be caused by injuries, according to a new study by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

MDI Biological Laboratory to offer symposium on latest advances in regenerative medicine
The MDI Biological Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, will sponsor a symposium entitled 'Learning from Nature: Comparative Biology of Tissue Regeneration and Aging,' Aug.

NIFA announces $11 million to support specialty crop pest management
The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $11 million in available funding through the Minor Crop Pest Management Program (also known as Interregional Research Project or IR-4).

CÚRAM announces international research collaboration with Mayo Clinic
CÚRAM, the Science Foundation Ireland Centre for Research in Medical Devices, based at National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway) today announced an agreement with Mayo Clinic in the United States to collaborate on research into blood clots that cause ischemic stroke.

Kavli Lectures: Physical chemistry of polymer networks, CRISPR systems for genome editing
Advances in understanding polymer networks and CRISPR-inspired genome engineering tools will be the topics of a pair of Kavli Lectures at the 253rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Antenatal screening in Europe: How to avoid mother-to-child transmission of infections
Transmission of infections with HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis or rubella from mother to child before and during birth as well as in infancy still occur across Europe -- despite existing prevention methods.

Adverse effects, quality of life of treatment vs. no treatment for men with localized prostate cancer
Two studies published by JAMA examine the adverse effects and quality of life as reported by men with localized prostate cancer who chose treatment, observation or active surveillance.

Structural knowledge of the DNA repair complex
New Danish research provides mechanistic insight into how DNA is monitored and repaired if damage occurs.

How the brain sees the world in 3-D
We live in a three-dimensional world, but everything we see is first recorded on our retinas in only two dimensions.

Caution needed for drugs in development for most common malignant pediatric brain tumor
Researchers at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have studied how a crucial cancer-related protein plays a role in one of the most aggressive forms of medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood.

Transgender college freshmen drink more, experience more blackouts
A survey of more than 422,000 college freshmen found that students who identified as transgender were more likely than their cisgender peers to experience negative consequences from drinking, including memory blackouts, academic problems and conflicts such as arguments or physical fights.

Direct-to-consumer TV advertising associated with greater testosterone testing, new use, and use without testing
Televised direct-to-consumer advertising for testosterone therapies increased across US metropolitan areas between 2009 and 2013, and exposure to these ads was associated with greater testosterone testing, new use of testosterone therapies, and use without recent testing, according to a study published by JAMA.

Transparent silver: Tarnish-proof films for flexible displays, touch screens
The thinnest, smoothest layer of silver that can survive air exposure has been laid down at the University of Michigan, and it could change the way touchscreens and flat or flexible displays are made.

Looking for signs of the Big Bang in the desert
The Simons Observatory will be built in the Chilean Atacama desert for the purposes of studying primordial gravitational waves which originated in the first instants of the Big Bang.

The foundation of aquatic life can rapidly adapt to global warming, new research suggests
Important microscopic creatures which produce half of the oxygen in the atmosphere can rapidly adapt to global warming, new research suggests.

Weekend surgery has no impact on death risk, study shows
Day of the week did not affect the survival chances of people undergoing emergency surgery, research in Scotland has found.

Active surveillance preserves quality of life for prostate cancer patients
Faced with the negative quality-of-life effects from surgery and radiation treatments for prostate cancer, low risk patients may instead want to consider active surveillance with their physician, according to a study released Tuesday by the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Controlling fast X-ray pulses with laser light
When hit by light, electrons are excited and begin to move.

USC researchers close to identifying crucial gene for human cleft lip and palate
A group of researchers has found that three siblings born with cleft lip and palate share a common gene mutation associated with the birth defect.

How can a legally binding agreement on human cloning be established?
Since Dolly the Sheep was cloned, the question of whether human reproductive cloning should be banned or pursued has been the subject of international debate.

Better learning through zinc?
Zinc is a vital micronutrient involved in many cellular processes: For example, in learning and memory processes, it plays a role that is not yet understood. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to