Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 22, 2017
Significant increase in number of women tested for BRCA gene, but many high-risk patients still missing out
Previously, mainly women with a history of cancer were referred for genetic testing, but as awareness has grown, more low-risk women are undergoing BRCA testing.

Brief module effective in teaching hemorrhage control basics to staff in a large workplace
A medical team has developed a way to effectively provide a large group of people with basic knowledge and skills to locate and use bleeding control equipment to stop life-threatening bleeding in severely injured people.

Loss of spouse or partner to suicide linked to physical, mental disorders
People who lose a partner to suicide are at increased risk for a number of mental and physical disorders, including cancer, depression, herniated discs and mood disorders than those in the general population, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Using a smartphone to screen for male infertility
Investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital set out to develop a home-based diagnostic test that could be used to measure semen quality using a smartphone-based device.

Penn researchers call for better laws covering patient incentives to improve care
Current federal anti-kickback laws prohibit pharmaceutical companies and providers from bribing patients to seek their goods and services.

Alzheimer's disease linked to the metabolism of unsaturated fats, new research finds
A new study published in PLOS Medicine's Special Issue on Dementia has found that the metabolism of omega-3 and omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids in the brain are associated with the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Fledgling stars try to prevent their neighbors from birthing planets
Stars don't have to be massive to evaporate material from around nearby stars and affect their ability to form planets, a new study suggests.

BU medical student wins prestigious US public health award
Lauren Sweetser, a fourth-year medical student at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), has won a 2017 US Public Health Medical Student Service Award from the US Public Health Service Physician Professional Advisory Committee.

'Lab-on-a-glove' could bring nerve-agent detection to a wearer's fingertips (video)
There's a reason why farmers wear protective gear when applying organophosphate pesticides.

AMP issues best practice guidelines for next-generation sequencing-based oncology panel validation
AMP has published consensus recommendations that will help clinical laboratory professionals achieve high-quality sequencing results and deliver better care for cancer patients

Improving global health: Recommendations for G20 Summit handed over to Chancellor Merkel
At today's dialogue forum at the German National Academy of Science Leopoldina in Halle (Saale), Germany, the science academies of the G20 states handed over recommendations to Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel.

AAOS 2017: Why some ACL surgeries fail
Typically, orthopaedic surgeons can get athletes back to their sport with ACL reconstruction surgery.

Moderate drinking linked to lower risk of some -- but not all -- heart conditions
Moderate drinking is associated with a lower risk of several, but not all, cardiovascular diseases, finds a large study of UK adults published by The BMJ today.

Nature conservation as a bridge to peace in the Middle East
Loss of biodiversity is a major challenge in today's world as is the quest for peace in regions engaged in conflict.

Huns and settlers may have cooperated on the frontier of Roman Empire
Analysis of isotopes in bones and teeth from fifth-century cemeteries suggests that nomadic Huns and Pannonian settlers on the frontier of Roman Empire may have intermixed, according to a study published March 22, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Susanne Hakenbeck from University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, and colleagues.

Visualizing nuclear radiation
Extraordinary decontamination efforts are underway in areas affected by the 2011 nuclear accidents in Japan.

Method speeds testing of new networking protocols
At the Usenix Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation later this month, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory will present a system for testing new traffic management protocols that requires no alteration to network hardware but still works at realistic speeds -- 20 times as fast as networks of software-controlled routers.

Portland State U research shows some viruses can infect even after major mutations
Portland State University researchers have found that only about half the genes in a specific virus affecting single cell organisms is needed to infect a host.

New low-cost method to produce light-based lab-on-a-chip devices for fast medical tests
A new fabrication process could make it easier and less expensive to incorporate optical sensing onto lab-on-a-chip devices.

Researcher wins prestigious NSF career award
Joe Feser, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Delaware, has received a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award to explore the physics of thermal energy transport in materials with embedded nanoparticles.

When green means stop
Optogenetics has revolutionized how researchers investigate cellular behavior and the function of large and interconnected tissues such as the brain.

New study shakes the roots of the dinosaur family tree
More than a century of theory about the evolutionary history of dinosaurs has been turned on its head following the publication of new research from scientists at the University of Cambridge and Natural History Museum in London.

Boosting natural brain opioids may be a better way to treat anxiety: Research
Boosting natural brain opioids may be a better way to treat disabling emotions, says new research revealing their role in regulating critical brain circuits affecting fear and anxiety.

Internists reiterate 'strong opposition' to AHCA after last night's amendments
The American College of Physicians (ACP) today reiterated its strong opposition to the American Health Care Act (AHCA) and shared its specific concerns about several of the 'manager's amendments' released last night.

'Spectacular-looking' endangered frog species discovered in Ecuador's cloud forests
It's not every day someone gets to say, 'I've discovered a new species.' It's a claim that Colorado State University biologist Chris Funk can happily make.

Canada funds $125 million Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy
The Government of Canada is funding a Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy for research and talent that will cement Canada's position as a world leader in AI.

UC researchers help map future of precision medicine in Parkinson's disease
Two landmark publications with co-authors from the University of Cincinnati Gardner Neuroscience Institute outline a transformative approach to defining, studying and treating Parkinson's disease.

Research evaluates treatment of thyroid disease in pregnancy
New research indicates that universal screening for and subsequent treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism does not result in improved health outcomes for mothers or babies.

Too much structured knowledge hurts creativity, shows Rotman study
Structure organizes human activities and help us understand the world with less effort, but it can be the killer of creativity, concludes a study from the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management.

'Super sponge' promises effective toxic clean-up of lakes and more
Mercury is very toxic and can cause long-term health damage, but removing it from water is challenging.

Brain 'rewires' itself to enhance other senses in blind people
The brains of those who are born blind make new connections in the absence of visual information, resulting in enhanced, compensatory abilities such as a heightened sense of hearing, smell and touch, as well as cognitive functions (such as memory and language) according to a new study led by Massachusetts Eye and Ear researchers.

Google Street View cars are eyes on the ground for urban methane leaks
A set of Google Street View mapping cars, specially equipped with cutting-edge methane analyzers, are allowing Colorado State University researchers to 'see' invisible methane leaks from natural gas lines beneath our streets.

Surprising new role for lungs: Making blood
Using video microscopy in the living mouse lung, UC San Francisco scientists have revealed that the lungs play a previously unrecognized role in blood production.

Humans and smartphones may fail frequently to detect face morph photos
Researchers at the University of York have demonstrated that both humans and smartphones show a degree of error in distinguishing face morph photos from their 'real' faces on fraudulent identity cards.

UF Health diabetes researchers discover way to expand potent regulatory cells
For parents, storing their newborn baby's umbilical cord blood is a way to preserve potentially lifesaving cells.

WPI team grows heart tissue on spinach leaves
Researchers face a fundamental challenge as they seek to scale up human tissue regeneration from small lab samples to full-size tissues and organs: how to establish a vascular system that delivers blood deep into the developing tissue.

Minitablets help medicate picky cats
Of all pets, cats are often considered the most difficult ones to medicate.

Quadruped robot exhibits spontaneous changes in step with speed
A research group has demonstrated that by changing only its parameter related to speed, a quadruped robot can spontaneously change its steps.

Male hormone plays key role in ovarian development
Scientists have discovered that the male 'androgen' hormone is an important element in the ovarian development of female chicken embryos, more so than in the development of male testes.

New 'budget impact test' an unpopular and flawed attempt to solve a political problem
A new 'budget impact test', to be applied by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), is an unpopular and flawed attempt to solve a fundamentally political problem, argue experts in The BMJ today.

Livestock grazing effects on sage-grouse
Effects of livestock grazing on greater sage-grouse populations can be positive or negative depending on the amount of grazing and when grazing occurs, according to research published today in Ecological Applications.

Costly curves? Overweight consumers spend more when reminded of thinness
Popular media mirror Western culture's fixation with being thin. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, even subtle reminders of idealized bodies can encourage overweight consumers to overspend.

Ultrafast measurements explain quantum dot voltage drop
Solar cells and photodetectors could soon be made from new types of materials based on semiconductor quantum dots, thanks to new insights based on ultrafast measurements capturing real-time photoconversion processes.

NASA taking first steps toward high-speed space 'internet'
NASA is developing a trailblazing, long-term technology demonstration of what could become the high-speed internet of the sky.

Study identifies brain cells involved in Pavlovian response
A UCLA study has traced the Pavlovian response to a small cluster of brain cells -- the same neurons that go awry during Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease and Tourette's syndrome.

No relief in sight for those suffering from sciatica
A drug increasingly being prescribed for treating sciatica has been revealed to be no better than placebo, in new research from The George Institute for Global Health.

Lack of staffing, funds prevent marine protected areas from realizing full potential
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an increasingly popular strategy for protecting marine biodiversity, but a new global study demonstrates that widespread lack of personnel and funds are preventing MPAs from reaching their full potential.

Under the Dead Sea, warnings of dire drought
Nearly 1,000 feet below the bed of the Dead Sea, scientists have found evidence that during past warm periods, the Mideast has suffered drought on scales never recorded by humans -- a possible warning for current times.

Paying for pain: What motivates tough mudders and other weekend warriors?
Why do people pay for experiences deliberately marketed as painful?

Accounting for sex differences in biomedical research
When it comes to health, a person's sex can play a role.

How birthplace and education influence marriage choices in China
Many people choose their spouse based on shared values and interests.

Pollination mystery unlocked by Stirling bee researchers
Bees latch on to similarly-sized nectarless flowers to unpick pollen -- like keys fitting into locks, University of Stirling scientists have discovered.

Use of mobile app reduces number of in-person follow-up visits after surgery
Patients who underwent ambulatory breast reconstruction and used a mobile app for follow-up care had fewer in-person visits during the first 30 days after the operation without affecting complication rates or measures of patient-reported satisfaction, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Camouflage apples
On the long journey from the fruit plantation to the retailer's shelf, fruits can quickly perish.

Scientific discovery may change treatment of Parkinsons
When monitoring Parkinson's disease, SPECT imaging of the brain is used for acquiring information on the dopamine activity.

Endangered ibises benefit from joining egret flocks
Birds benefit from flocking together -- even when they're not of a feather.

Combating wear and tear
A team of researchers led by University of Utah bioengineering professors has discovered that damage to collagen, the main building block of all human tissue, can occur much earlier at a molecular level from too much physical stress.

Machine learning lets scientists reverse-engineer cellular control networks
Researchers from Tufts University and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County used machine learning on the Stampede supercomputer to model the cellular control network that determines how tadpoles develop.

MRI-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy for uterine fibroids has potential
IQWiG has attributed a potential for a benefit to a new treatment method according to ยง137e SGB V.

Salmon with side effects
Tasty, versatile, and rich in essential omega-3 fatty acids: salmon is one of the most popular edible fish of all.

Biologic treatments for inflammatory bowel disease help heal the intestine
Although anti-inflammatory treatments are quite effective at reducing symptoms in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the mucosal lining of the intestine often remains ulcerated, and many patients still ultimately require surgery.

After the epigenome: The epitranscriptome
Today, an article published in Cancer Discovery by Manel Esteller explains that RNA also has its own spelling and grammar, just like DNA.

Geneticist Dr. Laird G. Jackson receives David L. Rimoin Lifetime Achievement Award
Laird G. Jackson, M.D., FFACMG, is the recipient of the 2017 ACMG Foundation David L.

Scientists identify a new way gut bacteria break down complex sugars
New light has been shed on the functioning of human gut bacteria which could help to develop medicines in the future to improve health and well-being.

3-D printing turns nanomachines into life-size workers
Dartmouth researchers unlock the key to transforming microscopic nanorings into smart materials that perform work at human-scale.

Silence is golden -- Suppressing host response to Ebola virus may help to control infection
The Ebola virus causes a severe, often fatal illness when it infects the human body.

USDA awards $5 million for fellowships for research and extension experiences
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced more than $5 million in grants for fellowship opportunities for undergraduate students at colleges and universities.

Study affirms premature infants in NICUs do better with light touch
When premature infants were given more 'supportive touch' experiences, including skin-to-skin care and breastfeeding, their brains responded more strongly to light touch, according to an international research team from Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, Monroe Carell's Jr.

How physical activity and sedentary time affect adolescents' bones
A large prospective study in 309 adolescent boys and girls underscores the importance of physical activity for developing bone strength during growth.

First mutations in human life discovered
The earliest mutations of human life have been observed by researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators.

The social costs of smell loss in older women
A new study of older US adults conducted by researchers from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions reports that a woman's social life is associated with how well her sense of smell functions.

Words and experience matter to surrogates making end-of-life decisions
Words and experience matter to surrogates making end-of-life decisions.

Diametric brain circuits switch feeding and drinking behaviors on and off in mice
RIKEN-MIT scientists show that two opposing pathways within the amygdala, an important memory center, act to promote and suppress appetitive behaviors and also drive responses to fear-inducing stimuli.

Sea urchin spines could fix bones
More than 2 million procedures every year take place around the world to heal bone fractures and defects from trauma or disease, making bone the second most commonly transplanted tissue after blood.

UC biologists find surprising variability in courtship behaviors of wolf spiders
Studies of wolf spiders at the University of Cincinnati found that courtship displays help preserve genetic isolation between closely related species.

Rare-earths become water-repellent only as they age
Surfaces that have been coated with rare earth oxides develop water-repelling properties only after contact with air.

NIDA grant to develop brief intervention for gay male couples
Dr. Tyrel Starks, an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Hunter College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and faculty affiliate of the Hunter College Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training, has been awarded a three-year grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, totaling $666,900, to develop a couples-based drug use intervention for gay male couples.

Weight-bearing exercises promote bone formation in men
Osteoporosis affects more than 200 million people worldwide and is a serious public health concern, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation.

UMass Amherst polymer scientist wins international research award
Polymer scientist Alfred Crosby at UMass Amherst is part of a team that received a three-year, $1 million grant from the Human Frontier Science Program.

Largest survey to date of patient and family experience at US children's hospitals
A survey of more than 17,000 parents of hospitalized children, conducted by the Center of Excellence for Pediatric Quality Measurement at Boston Children's Hospital, gives mixed responses about the quality of the inpatient experience at 69 US children's hospitals.

New low-cost rotavirus vaccine could reduce disease burden in developing countries
A new vaccine for rotavirus was found to be 66.7 percent effective in preventing severe gastroenteritis caused by the virus, according to a new study from researchers at Harvard T.H.

Sea ice extent sinks to record lows at both poles
The Arctic sea ice maximum extent and Antarctic minimum extent are both record lows this year.

Spreading rumors on Twitter and mistaking retweets for truth
A new study of the believability of information received via Twitter and the intention to pass on a tweet -- whether news or rumor -- is influenced by the number of times the information has already been retweeted.

It's a fish eat tree world
An international team of scientists analyzed 147 northern lakes and found that many rely on nutrients from tree leaves, pine needles, and other land-grown plants to feed aquatic life.

Researchers use light to remotely control curvature of plastics
Researchers have developed a technique that uses light to get flat, plastic sheets to curve into spheres, tubes or bowls.

Does boosting 'good' cholesterol really improve your health?
A new review addresses the mysteries behind 'good' HDL cholesterol and why boosting its levels does not necessarily provide protection from cardiovascular risk for patients.

Surveiling the consumer for loyalty and profit
Surveillance may be a dirty word when it comes to domestic politics, but understanding what interests the consumer and how technology may provide insights is a legitimate concern of retailers.

Researchers create self-sustaining bacteria-fueled power cell
Instead of oil, coal, or even solar energy, self-sustaining bacterial fuel cells may power the future.

Geoecology and the archaeological record in the Marias river canyon
The Marias River canyon geoecosystem and its associated archaeological resources provide an excellent example of the complex interplay among geology, plant ecology, ungulate niches, and human activities on the landscape during late Holocene time.

A new species of hard coral from the World Heritage-listed Lord Howe Island, Australia
The discovery of a new species of hard coral, found on Lord Howe Island, suggests that the fauna of this isolated location in the Tasman Sea off south eastern Australia is even more distinct than previously recognised.

Discovery of a novel chromosome segregation mechanism during cell division
When cells divide, chromosomes need to be evenly segregated. This equal distribution is important to accurately pass genetic information to the next generation.

The Cerberus Groundsnake is a Critically Endangered new species from Ecuador
The snake fauna of Central and South America seems largely under-researched, since as many as thirty-three species of a single genus have been discovered in the last ten years only.

Study reveals surprises concerning COPD and smoking
A new study challenges the widely accepted but oversimplified description of airway inflammation in smokers and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Caught on camera -- chemical reactions 'filmed' at the single-molecule level
Scientists have succeeded in 'filming' inter-molecular chemical reactions -- using the electron beam of a transmission electron microscope as a stop-frame imaging tool.

Major new issue of CVIA on imaging
Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA) journal has just published a special issue on Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging with Guest Editor Dr.

Scientists identify brain circuit that drives pleasure-inducing behavior
MIT neuroscientists have discovered a brain circuit that responds to rewarding events.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the March 22 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the March 22, 2017, issue of JNeurosci.

Tiller the Hun? Farmers in Roman Empire converted to Hun lifestyle -- and vice versa
New archaeological analysis suggests people of Western Roman Empire switched between Hunnic nomadism and settled farming over a lifetime.

Lack of leisure: Is busyness the new status symbol?
Long gone are the days when a life of material excess and endless leisure time signified prestige.

Safety of autologous Schwann cell transplantation demonstrated following SCI
A Phase I clinical trial that targeted individuals with new onset paraplegia to evaluate the safety of transplanting their own potentially neuroprotective Schwann cells into a trauma-induced spinal cord lesion showed no evidence of adverse effects after 1 year.

Scientists partner with Google Earth Outreach to analyze methane leaks in US cities
Finding and fixing natural gas leaks is a persistent challenge for utilities across the country.

How does spousal suicide affect bereaved spouse mentally, physically?
People bereaved by the suicide of a spouse were at increased risk for mental and physical disorders, suicidal behavior, death and adverse social events, according to a nationwide study based on registry data conducted in Denmark and published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Molecular 'treasure maps' to help discover new materials
Scientists at the University of Southampton working with colleagues at the University of Liverpool have developed a new method which has the potential to revolutionise the way we search for, design and produce new materials.

Charitable giving: How do power and beliefs about equality impact donations?
Are powerful, well-to-do people more charitable? It depends. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, wealthier people are more likely to donate to charity if they endorse social inequality while less wealthy people are more likely to make donations if they endorse greater equality.

People afraid of robots much more likely to fear losing their jobs, suffer anxiety
'Technophobes' -- people who fear robots, artificial intelligence and new technology that they don't understand -- are much more likely to be afraid of losing their jobs due to technology and to suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, a Baylor University researcher says.

Study suggests new way to prevent vision loss in diabetics and premature babies
Researchers at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, part of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, have identified a new molecule that induces the formation of abnormal blood vessels in the eyes of diabetic mice.

Many adults have insufficient knowledge about heart failure
In the largest German survey on heart failure to date, investigators found that the overall awareness of heart failure has not increased over the past decade and is not at a satisfactory level.

Biopesticide could defeat insecticide resistance in bedbugs
A fungal biopesticide that shows promise for the control of bed bugs is highly effective even against bed-bug populations that are insecticide resistant, according to research conducted by scientists at Penn State and North Carolina State universities.

UTIA student fellows to tackle sustainable agriculture in the Rainforest
Producing sustainable yields in harmony with conserving the rainforest: a win-win for the people of Belize and the world.

ATP hydrolysis energy explained through large-scale hybrid quantum/classical simulations
Researchers have succeeded in unveiling the microscopic mechanism of AHE release in water.

People's romantic choices share characteristics, but for different reasons
The people one dates share many similarities -- both physically and personality-wise -- a new University of California study has found.

Some blood thinners may increase heart attack risk
A new study has examined whether different blood thinning medications prescribed to prevent strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation might increase the risk of heart attacks.

How reliable are traditional wildlife surveys?
To effectively manage a wildlife species, one of the most basic things you need to know is how many of them are out there.

A rapid, automated and inexpensive fertility test for men
Scientists have developed a low-cost and easy-to-use smartphone attachment that can quickly and accurately evaluate semen samples for at-home fertility testing, providing a potentially helpful resource for the more than 45 million couples worldwide who are affected by infertility.

Income should be the dominant factor for reforming health care says the American public
A new study on reforming US healthcare showed that Americans believe a health insurance policy should be about 5 percent of household income to be affordable.

Loss of smell linked to increased risk of early death
In a study of adults aged 40 to 90 years who were followed for 10 years, poor smell was linked with an increased risk of dying.

How do metals interact with DNA?
Since a couple of decades, metal-containing drugs have been successfully used to fight against certain types of cancer.

Tracing aromatic molecules in the early universe
A molecule found in car engine exhaust fumes that is thought to have contributed to the origin of life on Earth has made astronomers heavily underestimate the amount of stars that were forming in the early universe, a University of California, Riverside-led study has found.

Stanford scientists study Pavlovian conditioning in neural networks
By looking at groups of neurons in the emotional center of the brain, researchers now understand how neural networks in the brain form associations, like those made famous by Ivan Pavlov.

NSF-funded IUPUI study of non-rainfall water in Namib Desert reveals unexpected origins
In a study conducted in one of the world's oldest and most biologically diverse deserts, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis scientists explore the origins of water other than rainfall and are identifying multiple origins.

Scientists discover urinary biomarker that may help track ALS
A study in Neurology suggests that analyzing levels of the protein p75ECD in urine samples from people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) may help monitor disease progression as well as determine the effectiveness of therapies.

The 'time machine' that replicates 3 years of weather in 3 days
An engineering team at Concordia has collaborated with researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California to simulate the weathering of cool roofs in the lab.

Scientists evade the Heisenberg uncertainty principle
ICFO Researchers report the discovery of a new technique that could drastically improve the sensitivity of instruments such as magnetic resonance imagers (MRIs) and atomic clocks.

High-risk medical devices: IQWiG sees no potential in 6 of 8 cases
Only case series without informative value are available for most indications.

Yellow fever killing thousands of monkeys in Brazil
In a vulnerable forest in southeastern Brazil, where the air was once thick with the guttural chatter of brown howler monkeys, there now exists silence.

Metabolites of Resveratrol (Longevinex) pass through blood-ocular barriers in humans
On the heels of a study published last year that showed the red wine molecule resveratrol and its metabolites are found in human cerebrospinal fluid and therefore penetrate the blood-brain barrier, for the first time metabolites of the red wine molecule resveratrol have been detected in ocular tissues of humans as well.

New study maps space dust in 3-D
A new Berkeley Lab-led study provides detailed 3-D views of space dust in the Milky Way, which could help us understand the properties of this dust and how it affects views of distant objects.

Endocrine Society experts issue Clinical Practice Guideline on hypothalamic amenorrhea
Female athletes and women who have eating disorders are prone to developing a condition called hypothalamic amenorrhea that causes them to stop menstruating.

Feeling out of control: Do consumers make practical purchases or luxury buys?
The common assumption about retail therapy is that it's all about indulging in things like pricey designer duds or the latest gadgets.

Epigenetic alteration a promising new drug target for heroin use disorder
Heroin use is associated with excessive histone acetylation, an epigenetic process that regulates gene expression, and more years of drug use correlate with higher levels of hyperacetylation, according to research conducted at The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

Streamlined analysis could help people better manage their emotions
The strategies people use to manage their emotions fall into three core groupings, according to newly published research from the University at Buffalo.

Rebecca Ahrens-Nicklas, M.D., Ph.D., receives the 2017 Richard King Trainee Award
Rebecca Ahrens-Nicklas, M.D., Ph.D., of Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is the recipient of the 2017 Richard King Trainee Award.

Hospital or home? Guidelines to assess older people who have fallen
Guidelines to help paramedics make the right decision for older people who have fallen are safe, cost-effective and help reduce further 999 calls, according to new research led by a team at Swansea University Medical School.

Egyptian ritual images from the Neolithic period
Egyptologists at the University of Bonn discovered rock art from the 4th millennium BC during an excavation at a necropolis near Aswan in Egypt.

Making 'mulch' ado of ant hills
Research undertaken by scientists in China reveals that ants are hardworking and beneficial insects.

How children's temperament and environment shape their problem-solving abilities
A new study indicates that early experiences of environmental harshness, in combination with a child's temperament, can influence later problem-solving abilities. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to