Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 23, 2017
Designer proteins fold DNA
Florian Praetorius and Professor Hendrik Dietz of the Technical University of Munich have developed a new method that can be used to construct custom hybrid structures using DNA and proteins.

New era in precision medicine for pancreatic cancer
The development of new treatments for pancreatic cancer is set to be transformed by a network of clinical trials, aiming to find the right trial for the right patient, after a £10 million investment from Cancer Research UK today.

Inactive teens develop lazy bones, study finds
Inactive teens have weaker bones than those who are physically active, according to a new study.

Diabetes damages small coronary blood vessels and thus increases the risk of heart attacks
Diabetics have a significantly higher risk of suffering a heart attack.

A new approach to diagnosing mental disorders could become an alternative to DSM-5
A consortium of psychiatrists and psychologists from universities around the world, co-led by Stony Brook University, University of Minnesota and University of Notre Dame researchers, has proposed a new approach to diagnosing mental disorders.

Many youths with diabetes not being screened as recommended for diabetic retinopathy
Many youths with type 1 and 2 diabetes are not receiving eye examinations as recommended to monitor for diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

New study shows circular RNA can encode for proteins
Scientists have discovered a protein-encoding function for circular RNA, a form of RNA until now considered non-coding.

Dairy farmers should rethink a cow's curfew, says UBC researchers
Dairy cows housed indoors want to break curfew and roam free, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia, published today in Scientific Reports.

Facial recognition software helps diagnose rare genetic disease
Researchers with NHGRI and their collaborators have successfully used facial recognition software to diagnose DiGeorge Syndrome, a rare, genetic disease in Africans, Asians and Latin Americans.

Penn Program in Environmental Humanities' event explores the idea of an 'Ecotopian Toolkit'
Prompted in part by the 500th anniversary of Thomas More's Utopia, the 'Ecotopian Toolkit conference at the University of Pennsylvania will celebrate how utopian imaginaries from across disciplines can address environmental challenges.

Are dialysis patients being over-screened for colon cancer?
Colonoscopies are being performed more often on healthier dialysis patients than on those with more limited life expectancies; however, overall, dialysis patients are being screened at a much higher rate relative to their life expectancy than their counterparts without kidney failure.

New Stanford study calls for US solar policy reform
Stanford researchers suggest reforming US solar policies and encourage closer collaboration between the United States and China on solar energy in a new report.

Asian-American students have strong academic support -- but is it too much?
Despite having the strongest academic support from parents, teachers, and friends, second-generation Asian-American adolescents benefit much less from these supports than others, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Big-game jitters: Coyotes no match for wolves' hunting prowess
As wolf populations plummeted, the eastern coyote assumed the role of apex predator in forests along the Atlantic Coast.

Connected dolls and tell-tale teddy bears: Why we need to manage the Internet of Toys
Action is needed to monitor and control the emerging Internet of Toys, concludes a new report by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre.

Laser activated gold pyramids could deliver drugs, DNA into cells without harm
The ability to deliver cargo like drugs or DNA into cells is essential for biological research and disease therapy but cell membranes are very good at defending their territory.

Save the whales
Benioff Ocean Initiative announces first project, commits $1.5 million to finding solutions to whale deaths caused by vessel collisions.

Sleep deprivation impairs ability to interpret facial expressions
When you're tired, your ability to interpret subtle expressions of happiness and sadness can begin to deteriorate, researchers found.

It's really about me, not 'you'
University of Michigan researchers say it may seem contradictory that a means of generalizing to people at large is used when reflecting on one's most personal and idiosyncratic experiences.

New research links Gulf War Illness to gastrointestinal disturbances
A new study from the University of South Carolina has linked gastrointestinal disturbances in those suffering from Gulf War illness with changes intestinal microbiota.

Membrane lipids hop in and out of rafts in the blink of an eye
New fluorescent lipids demonstrate how specialized regions in the cell membrane function.

New tools to study the origin of embryonic stem cells
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have identified cell surface markers specific for the very earliest stem cells in the human embryo.

Scientists use new technology to assemble genome of Zika virus mosquito
A team spanning Baylor College of Medicine, Rice University, Texas Children's Hospital and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard has developed a new way to sequence genomes, which can assemble the genome of an organism, entirely from scratch, dramatically cheaper and faster.

Jacques Le Lorier: A legacy of passion
The University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) announces that Dr.

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Global rise of multidrug resistant tuberculosis threatens to derail decades of progress
The rise of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) threatens to derail decades of progress in controlling the disease, according to a new report in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine published on World TB day, March 24.

A 'carbon law' offers pathway to halve emissions every decade, say researchers
On the eve of Earth Hour, researchers propose a solution in the journal Science for the global economy to rapidly reduce carbon emissions.

Physician adherence to clinical decision tools suggests potential benefit to PE patients
A review paper published in the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) suggests a potential benefit to the use of clinical decision tools in the diagnostic work-up of suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) patients.

Argon is not the 'dope' for metallic hydrogen
Hydrogen is both the simplest and the most-abundant element in the universe, so studying it can teach scientists about the essence of matter.

Corals die as global warming collides with local weather in the South China Sea
In the South China Sea, a 2°C rise in the sea surface temperature in June 2015 was amplified to produce a 6°C rise on Dongsha Atoll, a shallow coral reef ecosystem, killing approximately 40 percent of the resident coral community within weeks, according to a study published in Scientific Reports this week.

ACMG Foundation/PerkinElmer Diagnostics Travel Award winner is Sureni V. Mullegama, Ph.D.
Sureni V. Mullegama, Ph.D., was honored as the 2017 recipient of the ACMG Foundation/PerkinElmer Diagnostics Travel Award at the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2017 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Ariz.

New tools to spy on raiding baboons in suburbs of Cape Town, South Africa
Scientists from Swansea University's (Wales, UK) College of Science are part of an international team attempting to better understand the human-baboon conflict in Cape Town, South Africa.

SPICY: Discovery of new ginger species spices up African wildlife surveys
Scientists from WCS have discovered a new species of wild ginger, spicing up a wave of recent wildlife discoveries in the Kabobo Massif -- a rugged, mountainous region in Democratic Republic of Congo.

Study: Oregon high schools lacking 'best practices' for athletic emergencies
A survey of Oregon high school athletic directors on their school's preparedness for a catastrophic injury or health event found that only 11 percent of those responding had implemented three primary 'best-practice' recommendations for treating their student-athletes.

Fragile bones and weak muscles take center stage at IOF-ESCEO World Congress in Florence
Researchers and clinicians from all regions of the world will be gathering in Florence, Italy today for the opening of the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, and Musculoskeletal Diseases (WCO-IOF-ESCEO Florence 2017), froml March 23-26, 2017 at the Fortezza da Basso Congress center.

UNSW scientists unveil a giant leap for anti-aging
UNSW researchers have made a discovery that could lead to a revolutionary drug that actually reverses ageing, improves DNA repair and could even help NASA get its astronauts to Mars.

Mosquito monitoring has limited utility in dengue control, study finds
Cross-sectional surveys of mosquito abundance carried out in the subtropics and tropics are meant to give researchers an indication of the risk of a dengue virus outbreak in any given area.

Tonsillotomy: Fewer adverse effects at first, but renewed inflammation/surgery possible
In the short term, tonsillotomy is associated with less pain, as well as fewer swallowing and sleeping problems, than tonsillectomy.

Freestanding emergency departments in Texas deliver costly care, 'sticker shock'
The rapid growth of freestanding emergency departments in Texas has been accompanied by an equal increase in use at relatively high prices that lead to sizable out-of-pocket costs to patients, according to new research by experts at Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, the Michael E.

Physicians committee hosts CME conference to help providers prescribe a plant-based diet
Diet-related risk factors account for nearly half, more than 300,000, cardiometabolic deaths each year related to heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Clot or bleeding?
Because major surgery increases the risk of venous thrombosis, patients are often treated with anticoagulant medications to prevent thrombosis after surgery.

Spiritual retreats change feel-good chemical systems in the brain
More Americans than ever are turning to spiritual, meditative and religious retreats as a way to reset their daily life and enhance well-being.

New stem cell method produces millions of human brain and muscle cells in days
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute scientists and their collaborators at the University of Cambridge have created a new technique that simplifies the production of human brain and muscle cells -- allowing millions of functional cells to be generated in just a few days.

Climate change and an 'overlooked' nutrient: Silica
Sugar maples may have far greater silica pumping power than expected, and also may be more profoundly affected by climate change as warmer winters damage their vulnerable roots.

Isotopic makeup of atmospheric sulfate and nitrate
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology and Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS have conducted research in Antarctica to elucidate the chemical pathways that contribute to the formation of atmospheric sulfate and nitrate.

Olivier Bruyère named winner of IOF Olof Johnell Science Award
The 2017 IOF Olof Johnell Science Award was presented to Professor Olivier Bruyère today at the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases.

Researchers propose new diagnostic model for psychiatric disorders
A consortium of 50 psychologists and psychiatrists, including Notre Dame professors Lee Anna Clark and David Watson, has outlined a new diagnostic model for mental illness.

Chemists ID catalytic 'key' for converting CO2 to methanol
Results from experiments and computational modeling studies that definitively identify the 'active site' of a catalyst commonly used for making methanol from CO2 will guide the design of improved catalysts for transforming this pollutant to useful chemicals.

3-D bioprinted human cartilage cells can be implanted
Swedish researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and Sahlgrenska Academy have successfully induced human cartilage cells to live and grow in an animal model, using 3-D bioprinting.

Overcoming workplace barriers to breastfeeding -- review and recommendations in The Nurse Practitioner
For mothers of new infants, going back to work may pose a number of obstacles to continued breastfeeding.

Mass. General team identifies mechanisms behind resistance to FGFR inhibitor drug
Investigators at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center have identified the first genetic mechanisms conferring acquired resistance to a promising group of targeted cancer drugs.

Cooking family meals, skipping TV during those meals linked to lower odds of obesity
Adults who don't flip on the TV during dinner and those who eat home-cooked meals are less likely to be obese, a new study has found.

Computer program developed to diagnose and locate cancer from a blood sample
Researchers in the United States have developed a computer program that can simultaneously detect cancer and identify where in the body the cancer is located, from a patient's blood sample.

Stress may protect -- at least in bacteria
Antibiotics harm bacteria and stress them. Trimethoprim, an antibiotic, inhibits the growth of the bacterium Escherichia coli and induces a stress response.

Researchers discover new type of memory effect in transition metal oxides
A new kind of memory effect discovered in two transition metal oxides could carry important repercussions on technology and security.

OTUD6B gene mutations cause intellectual and physical disability
An international team of researchers from institutions around the world, including Baylor College of Medicine, has discovered that mutations of the OTUD6B gene result in a spectrum of physical and intellectual deficits.

Surprising culprit in nerve cell damage identified
In new research, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

The Anthropocene: Scientists respond to criticisms of a new geological epoch
'Irreversible' changes to the Earth provide striking evidence of new epoch, University of Leicester experts suggest.

Strong interaction between herbivores and plants
A research project conducted at the University of Cologne's Zoological Institute reveals important findings on the interaction between nutrient availability and the diversity of consumer species in freshwater environments.

Most remaining smokers in US have low socioeconomic status
After decades of declining US smoking rates overall, most remaining smokers have low income, no college education, no health insurance or a disability.

Fighting malaria through mathematical analysis of parasite's metabolism
A new mathematical model, based on the deadliest malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, could help develop antimalarials by identifying key metabolic targets, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology by Vassily Hatzimanikatis at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, and colleagues.

In a sample of blood, researchers probe for cancer clues
One day, patients may be able to monitor their body's response to cancer therapy just by having their blood drawn.

Researchers make flexible glass for tiny medical devices
Brigham Young University researchers have developed new glass technology that could add a new level of flexibility to the microscopic world of medical devices.

Printable device points toward sensor-laden robot skin
In this age of smartphones and tablet computers, touch-sensitive surfaces are everywhere.

A new approach to target an 'undruggable' prostate cancer driver
When small-molecule inhibitors proved elusive, researchers developed a novel strategy: Using large molecule peptides to target a common prostate cancer driver.

Seven months after Rio Olympics, Zika continues to plague babies in urban slums
The near-paranoia related to Zika leading up to the 2016 Rio Games could have been avoided by heeding the lessons of previous epidemics, argues a new study from public health researchers at UC Berkeley.

Age at immigration influences occupational skill development
Future occupations of US immigrant children are influenced by how similar their native language is to English, according to a new study from scholars at Duke University and the US Naval Postgraduate School.

Predatory lizard enters Brazil clandestinely
Anolis porcatus, a species native to Cuba, has been identified in several areas near the Port of Santos on the São Paulo coast, in Brazil.

New tool for prognosis and choice of therapy for rheumatoid arthritis
In rheumatoid arthritis, antibodies are formed that affect the inflammation in the joints.

What does congenital Zika syndrome look like?
In a new paper, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, along with colleagues in Brazil and Spain, describe the phenotypic spectrum or set of observable characteristics of congenital Zika (ZIKV) syndrome, based upon clinical evaluations and neuroimaging of 83 Brazilian children with presumed or confirmed ZIKV congenital infections.

Less is more: New moms need workout programs that are less structured, more flexible
Often running on empty, new moms may need a bit more flexibility and support to ease back into exercise after giving birth, according to a Kansas State University researcher.

Survey may reduce rates of malnutrition in hospitals
University of Waterloo researchers have created a tool aimed at decreasing the rate of malnutrition in hospitals.

Study shows how brain combines subtle sensory signals to take notice
New research in eLife explains how the developing brain learns to integrate and react to subtle but simultaneous sensory cues -- sound, touch and visual -- that would be ignored individually.

Three ERC Advanced Grants to Stockholm University
Frank Wilczek, professor at the Department of Physics and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Johan Rockström, Professor of Environmental Science and Director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre and David Strömberg at the Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES).

Assembly of genetic sequences approaches 100 percent accuracy
Researchers have greatly improved upon a technique to assemble genetic sequences from scratch, reaching more than 99 percent accuracy in assembling the human genome in the correct order.

Researchers find new gene interaction associated with increased MS risk
A person carrying variants of two particular genes could be almost three times more likely to develop multiple sclerosis, according to the latest findings from scientists at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and Duke University Medical Center.

Major breakthrough in the manufacture of red blood cells
Researchers have generated the first immortalized cell lines which allow more efficient manufacture of red blood cells.

Researchers focus on cell membranes to develop Alzheimer's treatments
Thin parts of the cell membranes of neurons turn out to be particularly vulnerable to a protein that collects in the brain of people with Alzheimer's disease, according to a University of Michigan researcher.

Study: Pharmacies should proactively offer naloxone to all patients who meet evidence-based criteria
Pharmacies should proactively offer naloxone, a drug that blocks or reverses the effects of overdose, to patients taking opioid medications through universal opt-out strategies in an effort to get the life-saving drug into the hands of more people who need it, according to a new study out of Boston Medical Center (BMC).

Limiting protein reduces post-heart attack injury in mice
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 735,000 Americans experience a heart attack each year.

New study resolves the structure of the human protein that causes cystic fibrosis
In order to better understand how genetic mutations give rise to cystic fibrosis, researchers need to map the protein responsible for the disorder.

Community champions: Collaborating with communities strengthens nursing and leadership skills
Service learning is a pedagogical approach that has proven valuable in helping undergraduate nursing students better understand specific needs of diverse populations and gives them opportunities to apply their knowledge to meet those needs.

An algorithm that knows when you'll get bored with your favorite mobile game
Researchers from the Tokyo-based company Silicon Studio, led by Spanish data scientist África Periáñez, have developed a new algorithm that predicts when a user will leave a mobile game.

Cryo-electron microscopy achieves unprecedented resolution using new computational methods
Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM)--which enables the visualization of viruses, proteins, and other biological structures at the molecular level--is a critical tool used to advance biochemical knowledge.

UVA finds ANOTHER immune system link science said didn't exist
The University of Virginia School of Medicine has again shown that a part of the body thought to be disconnected from the immune system actually interacts with it, and that discovery helps explain cases of male infertility, certain autoimmune diseases and even the failure of cancer vaccines.

How chewing like a cow helped early mammals thrive
In a paper published March 21, 2017, in Scientific Reports, David Grossnickle, a graduate student in the Committee on Evolutionary Biology at the University of Chicago, proposes that mammal teeth, jaw bones and muscles evolved to produce side-to-side motions of the jaw, or yaw, that allowed our earliest ancestors to grind food with their molars and eat a more diversified diet.

Immune study in chickens reveals key hurdle for Campylobacter vaccine effort
New University of Liverpool research reveals that the immune response of farmed chickens does not develop fast enough to fight off Campylobacter during their short lifespan.

Leroy Hubert, Jr., Ph.D., receives ACMG Foundation/David L. Rimoin Inspiring Excellence Award
The ACMG Foundation for Genetic and Genomic Medicine is proud to announce that Leroy Hubert, Jr., Ph.D., from Baylor College of Medicine is the recipient of the ACMG Foundation/David L.

Penn State develops first-of-a-kind model to research post-malaria epilepsy
A first-of-its-kind mouse model could lead to an understanding of how cerebral malaria infection leads to the development of epilepsy in children, and to the prevention of seizures.

Weedkiller chemical (glyphosate) safety standards need urgent review
Emerging evidence suggests that the safety standards for glyphosate -- a chemical widely used in common weed-killers -- may be failing to protect public and environmental health, suggest experts

Columbia U. dental dean honored for service to oral health research service
Christian S. Stohler, DMD, DrMedDent, received the 2017 Jack Hein Public Service Award from the American Association of Dental Research.

Most dengue infections transmitted in or near home
The majority of dengue virus infections appear to happen very close to home and are transmitted from the same family of mosquitoes, suggests new research led by the University of Florida and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

New understanding of chronic lung inflammatory diseases unfolding
Researchers studying chronic inflammation that can lead to the development of lung diseases such as asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, and cancer, are focusing on the role cytokines play in regulating the behavior of fibroblast cells and the extracellular matrix.

Exercising 2.5 hours per week associated with slower declines in Parkinson's disease patients
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive condition that often results in mobility impairments and can lead to decreased health-related quality of life (HRQL) and death.

Wastewater cleaned thanks to a new adsorbent material made from fruit peels
Researchers from the University of Granada, and from the Center for Electrochemical Research and Technological Development and the Center of Engineering and Industrial Development, both in Mexico, have developed a process that allows to clean waters containing heavy metals and organic compounds considered pollutants, using a new adsorbent material made from the peels of fruits such as oranges and grapefruits.

Shape of inner ear helps predict hearing loss for children with rare disorder
It may be possible to predict the severity of hearing loss for children diagnosed with enlarged vestibular aqueduct, according to a new study published in JAMA-Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

New study finds that most cancer mutations are due to random DNA copying 'mistakes'
Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists report data from a new study providing evidence that random, unpredictable DNA copying 'mistakes' account for nearly two-thirds of the mutations that cause cancer.

NASA examines Peru's deadly rainfall
The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM constellation of satellites provide data on precipitation rates and totals.

Study examines birth outcomes for adolescent & young adult cancer survivors
A new article published online by JAMA Oncology from Hazel B.

Encouraging results for patients with aggressive brain cancer
Patients diagnosed with a glioblastoma, and who undergo current standard treatment, have a median survival of 16 months.

WPI, BSEE, and the US Coast Guard successfully test a novel oil spill cleanup technology
Tests of a novel technology that can accelerate the combustion of crude oil floating on water demonstrated its potential to become an effective tool for minimizing the environmental impact of oil spills.

New CDISC data standard aids development of therapies for Ebola virus
The Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) and the Infectious Diseases Data Observatory (IDDO) announce the availability of a new standard to assist in the collection, aggregation and analysis of Ebola virus disease (EVD) research data.

Where does laser energy go after being fired into plasma?
An outstanding conundrum on what happens to the laser energy after beams are fired into plasma has been solved in newly-published research at the University of Strathclyde.

The mechanism of mucus: Discovery could lead to better cystic fibrosis treatments
University of North Carolina scientists found that mucin proteins, which make mucus thick and sticky, fail to unfold properly in the airways of people with cystic fibrosis.

Rice U. refines filters for greener natural gas
Rice University scientists map out the best materials for either carbon dioxide capture or balancing carbon capture with methane selectivity.

SLU scientists take aim at diabetes and obesity with exercise in a pill
With a series of new grants, Saint Louis University researchers will develop the potential of two nuclear receptors that control muscle metabolism.

Astronomers observe early stages of Milky Way-like galaxies in distant universe
For decades, astronomers have found distant galaxies by detecting the characteristic way their gas absorbs light from a bright quasar in the background.

MSU lands NIH grant to study connection between fish genes and human medicine
Michigan State University has landed a $727,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to improve the use of fish as disease models for human medicine.

Study compares hospice care in nursing homes, assisted living facilities and patient homes
A new study from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and the Regenstrief Institute has found only minimal differences in the intensity of hospice services provided in nursing homes as compared to hospice services provided to patients in assisted living facilities or their homes.

Preterm births more common in mothers who are cancer survivors
In a study published in the journal JAMA Oncology, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers report that women diagnosed and treated for cancer during their childbearing years more commonly gave birth prematurely, and to babies whose weights were below normal.

Cardiac lead extractions safer in high volume centers
Cardiac lead extraction is safer in high volume centers, according to the largest study of contemporary practice in Europe published today in European Heart Journal.

Parallel computation provides deeper insight into brain function
New computational software developed by OIST researchers is hundreds of times faster than conventional tools, opening up new opportunities to understand how individual neurons and networks of neurons function.

Team of scientists demonstrate path for tackling rare cancers with no effective treatment
Study results indicate importance of treatment based on genetic mutation rather than location of origin.

Poor oral health and food scarcity major contributors to malnutrition in older adults
A new study by UNC School of Medicine researchers suggests that food scarcity and poor oral health are major risk factors for malnutrition that leads an older adult -- already at high risk of functional decline, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality -- to land in the emergency department.

California researchers awarded $100,000 Potamkin Prize for dementia research
The American Academy of Neurology is awarding two California researchers the 2017 Potamkin Prize for Research in Pick's, Alzheimer's and Related Diseases for their work in dementia research.

Most dengue infections transmitted in and around home
Transmission of the mosquito-borne dengue virus appears to be largely driven by infections centered in and around the home, with the majority of cases related to one another occurring in people who live less than 200 meters apart, new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of Florida suggests.

Scientists assemble Zika virus mosquito genome from scratch
A team of scientists has developed a new way to sequence genomes, which can assemble the genome of an organism, entirely from scratch, dramatically cheaper and faster.

Older adults with heart disease can become more independent and heart healthy with physical activity
Improving physical function among older adults with heart disease helps heart health and even the oldest have a better quality of life and greater independence.

Hubble detects supermassive black hole kicked out of galactic core
An international team of astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered a supermassive black hole that has been propelled out of the centre of the distant galaxy 3C186.

Novel gene therapy experiment offers hope for people with certain hearing loss and dizziness disorder
In a first-of-its-kind study published in the March 1, 2017 edition of Molecular Therapy, researchers from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine showed that gene therapy was able to restore balance and hearing in genetically modified mice that mimic Usher Syndrome, a genetic condition in humans characterized by partial or total hearing loss, dizziness, and vision loss that worsens over time.

IOF Medal of Achievement awarded to Professor Bess Dawson-Hughes
Bess Dawson-Hughes, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Bone Metabolism Laboratory of the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Ageing at Tufts University, Boston USA, has been awarded the 2017 International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) Medal of Achievement.

Insulin resistance may lead to faster cognitive decline
A new Tel Aviv University study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease finds that insulin resistance, caused in part by obesity and physical inactivity, is also linked to a more rapid decline in cognitive performance.

Columbia U. dental scientist receives IADR Award for periodontal research
Panos N. Papapanou, DDS, PhD, was recognized for contributions to areas of study including the epidemiology of periodontal diseases, their pathobiology, the assessment of microbial and host-derived risk factors, as well as the diseases' role as health stressor in heart disease and pregnancy complications. 

How language helps people cope with negative experiences
A new study demonstrates how people use the word 'you' in a general sense to distance themselves psychologically -- and extract meaning -- from negative experiences.

A robust, 2-ion quantum logic gate that operates in a microsecond is designed
The theory group led by Gonzalo Muga of the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical Chemistry, has teamed up with the experimental group of the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, United States, led by David Wineland, the 2012 Nobel Physics Laureate, to design a two-ion, robust, ultrarapid quantum logic gate capable of functioning in less than a microsecond.

Milky Way-like galaxies in early universe embedded in 'super halos'
Using ALMA, astronomers have directly observed a pair of Milky Way-like galaxies seen when the universe was only eight percent of its current age.

EBSCO Information Services and the American Association for the Advancement of Science announce new, expanded agreement
EBSCO Information Services (EBSCO) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) have reached an expanded distribution agreement allowing EBSCO to sell AAAS journals, including Science, via the AAAS platform.

OFC concludes featuring the evolution of silicon photonics, 5G networking and the Internet of Things
OFC, the world's leading conference and exhibition for optical communications and networking professionals, concludes with 663 exhibiting companies, over 1,100 peer-reviewed papers and 14,500 attendees.

Possible new target for treatment of multiple sclerosis found by U of A researchers
In the relentless battle against multiple sclerosis (MS), U of A researchers recently discovered an entirely new cellular mechanism -- an underlying defect in brain cells -- that may to be blame for the disease, and a potential hallmark that may be a target for future treatment.

Effective one-shot vaccination of newborns moves closer to reality
Newborns are highly vulnerable to infections and don't respond optimally to most vaccines because their young immune systems typically mount weak antibody responses.

Protecting web users' privacy
MIT researchers have developed a new system that uses function secret sharing to disguise database queries during web-service transactions.

Plenaries at American Chemical Society meeting focus on energy, materials, partnerships
Scientists, in four plenary talks, will explore a variety of subjects related to the 'Advanced Materials, Technologies, Systems & Processes' theme of the 253rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Astronomers find unexpected, dust-obscured star formation in distant galaxy
Pushing the limits of the largest single-aperture millimeter telescope in the world, and coupling it with gravitational lensing, University of Massachusetts Amherst astronomer Alexandra Pope and colleagues report that they have detected a surprising rate of star formation, four times higher than previously detected, in a dust-obscured galaxy behind a Frontier Fields cluster.

Peptide targeting senescent cells restores stamina, fur, and kidney function in old mice
Regular infusions of a peptide that can selectively seek out and destroy broken-down cells that hamper proper tissue renewal, called senescent cells, showed evidence of improving healthspan in naturally aged mice and mice genetically engineered to rapidly age.

A tale of 2 states
Researchers have identified a set of molecular 'flags' that are present on the surface of human stem cells.

Study featuring genomic sequencing & international data shows random errors...
The mutations that cause human cancer have traditionally been thought to originate from two main sources -- heredity and environment -- but now, new work by researchers including Cristian Tomasetti and Bert Vogelstein emphasizes the importance of a third source of these mutations.

New portal to unveil the dark sector of the universe
IBS scientists theorize a new portal to peek into the dark world.

NASA Participates in the NOAA GOES-16 Field Campaign
NOAA's GOES-16 satellite is ready to embark on another major milestone-- The GOES-16 Field Campaign.

Novel virus breaks barriers between incompatible fungi
Scientists have identified a virus that can weaken the ability of a fungus to avoid pairing with other incompatible fungi, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens.

Fighting malaria through metabolism
EPFL scientists have fully modeled the metabolism of the deadliest malaria parasite.

Gravitational wave kicks monster black hole out of galactic core
Astronomers have uncovered a supermassive black hole that has been propelled out of the center of a distant galaxy by what could be the awesome power of gravitational waves.

Tamanna Ratti Roshan Lal receives Sanofi Genzyme/ACMG Foundation Genetics Training Award
Recognized for her work in Clinical Biochemical Genetics, Tamanna Ratti Roshan Lal MB ChB was honored as the recipient of the Sanofi Genzyme Award presented by the ACMG Foundation for Genetic and Genomic Medicine during the 2017 ACMG Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Ariz.

Reduced risk of pressure injuries at hospitals with nurses certified in wound, ostomy, and continence care
Hospitals that employ nurses who have specialty certification in wound, ostomy, and continence (WOC) care have lower rates of hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs), reports a study in the Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing.

Ravens: Non-breeders live in highly dynamic social groups
Ravens have impressive cognitive skills when interacting with conspecifics -- comparable to many primates, whose social intelligence has been related to their life in groups.

Beijing severe haze more frequent under global warming
A new study projects a substantial increase in the frequency and persistence of conducive weather conditions to Beijing severe haze in response to climate change.

NASA sees formation of Tropical Cyclone Caleb near Cocos Island
Shortly after Tropical Cyclone Caleb formed east of Cocos Island, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite and NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead gathering visible and infrared data on the twelfth tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season.

Herbert A. Fleisch ESCEO-IOF Medal awarded to Dr. Helena Johansson
Dr Helena Johansson, a leading statistician in the field of osteoporosis, has been awarded the prestigious Herbert A.

Olfactory receptors: New molecular targets detected in colorectal cancer cells
Growth of colorectal cancer cells can be inhibited with the odorant troenan.

Promising results obtained with a new electrocatalyst that reduces the need for platinum
A group of Aalto University researchers led by professors Tanja Kallio and Kari Laasonen has developed a manufacturing method for electrocatalysts that only uses one hundredth of the amount of platinum generally used in commercial products.

Are arm measurements better than BMI to assess nutrition status in child cancer survivors?
Arm anthropometry is a simple method to determine if a person is overweight or obese, and because it can distinguish between fat and muscle mass, unlike body mass index (BMI), it is a valuable method for assessing muscle loss in long-term survivors of childhood cancer.

The ACMG Foundation announces recipient of the ACMG Foundation Carolyn Mills Lovell Award
Allison Mitchell, MS, CGC was presented with the ACMG Foundation Carolyn Mills Lovell Award at the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2017 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona.

Dark tourism has grown around myth of prison tree
New research involving the University of Adelaide is helping to expose a myth about a significant Australian 'prison tree,' which researchers say has become a popular tourism attraction for the wrong reasons.

The ACMG Foundation announces first nine recipients of Shire Training Fellowship Awards
The first nine recipients of the ACMG Foundation/Shire Laboratory Geneticist Fellowship Awards and Clinical Genetics Residency Program were announced during the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2017 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona.

White families with children drawn to less diverse neighborhoods, schools
Racial segregation is declining, but it remains higher for families with children than those without, a new study shows.

A 'carbon law' offers pathway to halve emissions every decade, say researchers
On the eve of this year's Earth hour (March 25), researchers propose a solution in the journal Science (March 24) for the global economy to rapidly reduce carbon emissions.

When people prepare for conflict, dominant leaders take the stage
One popular theory holds that dominant leaders are supported by those who fear new situations and threats.

A stem's 'sense of self' contributes to shape
It is well known that as plants grow, their stems and shoots respond to outside signals like light and gravity.

Cracking the code of Huntington's disease
Huntington's disease is caused by a gene mutation that causes a protein to build up in the brain.

Artificial photosynthesis steps into the light
Rice University leads a project to create an efficient, simple-to-manufacture oxygen-evolution catalyst that pairs well with semiconductors for advanced solar cells.

After a clinical trial on Midazolam for seizures, emergency use of the drug rises
A new study investigated if previous research on midazolam's efficacy as a seizure treatment affected whether ambulances nationwide were choosing the drug over other benzodiazepines for seizure patients.

Scientists reveal hidden structures in bacterial DNA
Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) in Barcelona, Spain, have described the 3D structure of the genome in the extremely small bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

Virtual environment education reduces anxiety prior to radiation therapy
Radiation therapists and physicians know that education can reduce anxiety before radiation treatment but lack a standardized tool.

Keck School of Medicine of USC receives grant for esophageal cancer research
The Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) has been awarded a grant from the DeGregorio Family Foundation and Price Family Foundation to support research aimed at gaining a deeper understanding of how gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) increases the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

Republicans less likely to be critical about Obamacare when thinking of their own medical needs
US Republican voters are less likely to be critical about the performance of the controversial 'Obamacare' health reforms when they are reminded about their own medical needs, new research shows.

Research consortium develops evidence-based diagnostic model for mental illness
Researchers haves has developed a new, evidence-based alternative to the mental health field's long-established diagnostic tools for the classification, treatment, and research of mental disorders.

Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center receives $360,000 NSF grant
FAU's Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC), a US Department of Energy designated center, is focused on advancing science and technology to recover energy from the oceans' renewable resources with special emphasis on those resources available to the southeastern US, initially focusing on ocean currents and thermal resources.

Scientists use parasite's internal clock to attack sleeping sickness
The parasite that causes deadly sleeping sickness has its own biological clock that makes it more vulnerable to medications during the afternoon, according to international research that may help improve treatments for one of Africa's most lethal diseases.

Building a market for renewable thermal technologies
A Yale-led analysis concludes that renewable thermal technologies have significant market potential in the state if supported by appropriate public policy and financing tools.

Scientists get closer look at living nerve synapses
The brain hosts an extraordinarily complex network of interconnected nerve cells that are constantly exchanging electrical and chemical signals at speeds difficult to comprehend. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to