Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 29, 2017
Electronic health records improve weekend surgery outcomes
Electronic health record systems significantly improve outcomes for patients who undergo surgeries on weekends, according to a Loyola Medicine study published in JAMA Surgery.

Team highlights work on tuning block polymers for nanostructured systems
High-performance materials are enabling major advances in a wide range of applications from energy generation and digital information storage to disease screening and medical devices.

Cannabis use may predict opioid use in women undergoing addictions treatment, study says
Researchers have found that women in methadone treatment who use cannabis are 82 per cent more likely to continue using opioids.

Eating peanuts may lead to supple arteries and healthy hearts
Eating peanuts with a meal may help protect against cardiovascular diseases which can lead to heart attacks and stroke, according to an international team of researchers.

Male or female? Scientist challenges evidence of sex differences among dinosaurs
A paleontologist at the Canadian Museum of Nature is countering decades of studies that assert that some dinosaurs can be identified as male or female based on the shapes and sizes of their bones.

Making cows more environmentally friendly
Scientists at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Scotland's Rural College (SRUC) and the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Frankfurt have published a paper revealing an important discovery surrounding plants used to feed livestock.

Vulnerability to psychosis: How to detect it
An international research team has demonstrated that an exaggerated emotional brain response to non-threatening information predicts emergence of clinically psychotic symptoms.

Software-based system improves the ability to determine the cause of ischemic stroke
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have developed a software package that provides evidence-based, automated support for diagnosing the cause of stroke.

Building trust, not hate
When anonymity between people is lifted, they more likely cooperate with each other.

'On-off switch' brings researchers a step closer to potential HIV vaccine
University of Nebraska-Lincoln scientists are pursuing an HIV vaccine using a weakened form of HIV.

Prevalence of heroin use rises in decade, greatest increase among whites
The proportion of the population using heroin and having heroin use disorder increased over the decade from 2001 through 2013, with the greatest increases among whites, and nonmedical use of prescription opioids before heroin use increased among white users only, according to a new article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Journal: Researchers can track hazardous chemicals from fast-food wrappers in the body
Just one month after major research findings showed dangerous PFAS present in more than one-third of fast food packaging tested, UAB and Notre Dame created a new technique to track PFASs in the body.

A bird's blind spot plays an important role in its vision
The width of a bird's visual binocular field is partially determined by the size of the blind area in front of its head, according to a study published March 29, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Luke Tyrrell and Esteban Fernández-Juricic from Purdue University, USA.

An LED-based device for imaging radiation induced skin damage
A noninvasive imaging device tested at UC Irvine's Beckman Laser Institute may help predict skin damage effects from radiation treatment in breast cancer patients.

Manufacturing, global trade impair health of people with no stake in either
In a study to be published Thursday, March 30, in the journal Nature, scientists quantify and map the shift of environmental and health burdens brought on by globalization and international trade.

Cost of neurological disease in US approaching $800 billion a year
A new University of South Florida study published in the Annals of Neurology looked at the nine most prevalent and costly diagnosed neurological diseases and found the annual cost to be staggering -- totaling nearly $800 billion.

Every £1 spent on public health in UK saves average of £14
Every £1 spent on public health returns an extra £14 on the original investment, on average -- and in some cases, significantly more than that -- concludes a systematic review of the available evidence, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Choosing a simpler path to drug discovery
Researchers from Kyoto University, MIT, and ETH Zurich have developed a compact drug discovery method using simple models and small data sets.

NHGRI oral history collection features influential genomics researchers
A collection of oral histories released today by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) features candid conversations with pioneering scientists involved in the Human Genome Project and a rare discussion with all three institute directors since the organization was established in 1989.

Legends of the lost reservoirs
University of Cincinnati interdisciplinary researchers and global collaborators dig into the past to inspire modern water management strategies that can save time and money and may avoid negative effects on our climate.

Decorating single layer and bilayer graphene with useful chemical groups
IBS scientists develop a new platform to attach chemical groups on graphene lying on a silica/silicon substrate.

Penn Medicine's Carl June, M.D., named 2017 Fellow of the AACR Academy
University of Pennsylvania cancer and HIV gene therapy pioneer Carl June, M.D., has been named as a member of the 2017 class of fellows of the American Association for Cancer Research Academy.

Researchers control soft robots using magnetic fields
Engineering researchers have made a fundamental advance in controlling so-called soft robots, using magnetic fields to remotely manipulate microparticle chains embedded in soft robotic devices.

Study: Apixaban superior to warfarin for reducing brain bleeds in patients with AFib
Patients with atrial fibrillation showed a substantially reduced risk of dangerous bleeding in the brain, known as intracranial hemorrhage, when taking the newer anticoagulant apixaban compared to those taking warfarin.

Carnegie Mellon Power Sector Index tracks 24 percent decline in carbon emissions
The initial results of the new Carnegie Mellon University Power Sector Carbon Index, which measures CO2 emissions from the US electrical power generation sector, found that US power producers had cut CO2 emissions intensity by 24 percent since 2005.

Financialization's negative effect on the American solar industry
The increasing role of the United States' financial sector in the 1980s and 1990s, when it shifted from focusing on technology investment to speculating on future markets, impaired the country's emerging solar industry, a new study reports.

A decorated raven bone discovered in Crimea may provide insight into Neanderthal cognition
The cognitive abilities of Neanderthals are debated, but a raven bone fragment found at the Zaskalnaya VI (ZSK) site in Crimea features two notches that may have been made by Neanderthals intentionally to display a visually consistent pattern, according to a study by Ana Majkic at the Universite de Bordeaux and colleagues, published in the open access journal, PLOS ONE on March 29, 2017.

Infant vitamin B1 deficiency leads to poor motor function and balance
A new Tel Aviv University study found that infantile vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency severely affected the motor function of preschoolers who were fed faulty formula in the first year of their lives.

Reading between the lines of highly turbulent plasmas
Plasma, the ionised state of matter found in stars, is still not fully understood.

University of Illinois announces new partnership with ZEISS labs@location program
A new agreement between the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology (IGB) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and ZEISS has named the Core Facilities at IGB as an official ZEISS labs@location Partner.

New smart system to reduce queues at roundabouts
Long queues at certain approaches to some roundabouts could be reduced using magnetic detection devices under the road surface, which would activate a traffic metering signal at another, less congested approach.

Discovery may help patients beat deadly pneumonia
Researchers have identified a hormone that helps fight off a severe form of bacterial pneumonia, and that discovery may offer a simple way to help vulnerable patients.

Kids' wildlife preferences differ from island to mainland
When asked to name their favorite wildlife, Bahamian children chose feral cats, dogs and pigs - invasive species that can be more damaging in an island environment.

Adults with disabilities screened less often for colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in the United States, with nearly 135,000 cases reported in 2016.

Penn State study shows aphasia may not solely be a language disorder
Aphasia, a language disorder commonly diagnosed in stroke patients, may not be solely a language issue as traditionally believed, according to a Penn State study.

Can childhood obesity be prevented before conception?
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and MetroHealth System researcher, along with Cleveland Clinic's director of metabolic research, have received federal funding to determine if childhood obesity can be prevented before women become pregnant.

Scientific discovery opens new possibilities for cancer and fibrosis treatment
Researchers from the Turku Centre for Biotechnology (BTK) in Finland have discovered that a cellular fuel sensor, known to control energy processes in the cells, is involved in the regulation of the contact of cells with their surrounding environment.

LSTM reports on a new way of screening potential treatments for TB
Scientists from LSTM's Research Centre for Drugs and Diagnostics (RCDD) have described in a paper published today in Scientific Reports, a new way of screening potential treatments for Tuberculosis (TB) which may assist in the identification and prioritization of new therapies which could potentially reduce the duration of current TB treatment.

NASA sees ex-Tropical Cyclone Debbie over Queensland
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Ex-Tropical Cyclone Debbie after it made landfall in eastern Queensland and weakened.

Brain scans show dopamine levels fall during migraine attacks
Using PET scans of the brain, University of Michigan researchers showed that dopamine falls and fluctuates at different times during a migraine headache.

Vanderbilt study finds natural chemical helps brain adapt to stress
A natural signaling molecule that activates cannabinoid receptors in the brain plays a critical role in stress-resilience -- the ability to adapt to repeated and acute exposures to traumatic stress, according to researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

Reliable molecular toggle switch developed
Nanotechnology constantly allows for new records in miniaturization. Reduction of the dimension of electronic components, however, has physical limits that will be reached soon.

Products can be pals when you're lonely, but it may cost you, study finds
According to a new study, it appears humanlike products do keep people from seeking out normal human interaction, which is typically how people try to recover from loneliness.

A novel molecular link between cholesterol, inflammation and liver cancer
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a deadly disease with no effective cure that develops in the context of liver diseases associated with chronic inflammation.

Resilient red blood cells need fuel to adapt their shape to the environment
An international research team led by Osaka University built a novel 'Catch-Load-Launch' microfluidic device to monitor the resilience of red blood cells after being held in a narrow channel for various periods of time.

Study reveals amount of premature deaths linked to international trade
A new study involving the University of East Anglia (UEA) has revealed for the first time the global scale of premature deaths related to air pollution from international trade.

The search for obesity drugs targets hunger's complex chemistry
Discoveries of hormones related to weight and appetite in the '90s helped spur a search for obesity treatments targeting those hormones -- with disappointing results.

Climate change's toll on mental health
When people think about climate change, they probably think first about its effects on the environment, and possibly on their physical health.

Trauma and stress in teen years increases risk of depression during menopause, Penn study shows
A new study shows that women who experience multiple traumatic events during childhood or adolescence have a significantly increased risk of depression in the years leading into menopause (known as perimenopause).

Analysis yields clues to chemical composition, natural aging of 100-year-old beer
Stashed away and long-forgotten, a trio of century-old bottled beers recently discovered in the Czech Republic could help scientists better understand early 20th-century brewing practices, as well as the chemical changes that occur in beer over long periods of time.

The last 'caimans' living in Spain
Sixteen million years ago, the reptile Diplocynodon ratelii lived in wooded ecosystems among the lakes and pools of what we know today as Catalonia (Spain).

Vaping and withdrawal
While the debate regarding the safety of e-cigarettes continues, another issue has emerged: Does vaping cause withdrawal?

Pharmacist care for Canadians with hypertension would save more than $15.7 billion
A new study shows that comprehensive long-term pharmacist care for Canadians with hypertension, including patient education and prescribing, improves health outcomes and will save money for Canada's cash-strapped health care system.

Global immunization impact constrained by outdated vaccine delivery systems, researchers say
Outdated vaccine supply and distribution systems are delaying and limiting the impact that vaccines have on safeguarding people's health.

'Weather whiplash' triggered by changing climate will degrade Midwest's drinking water
University of Kansas have published findings in the journal Biogeochemistry showing weather whiplash in the American Midwest's agricultural regions will drive the deterioration of water quality, forcing municipalities to seek costly remedies to provide safe drinking water to residents.

Nurse volunteer activities improve the health of their communities, workforce study says
A new study describes nurses' perceptions of how they promote health in their communities through a whole lot of both formal and informal volunteer work.

Giving brown fat a green light
Since the discovery in 2009 that brown fat can be active in adult humans, researchers around the world have worked to unveil ways to switch on this fat.

Organic-inorganic heterostructures with programmable electronic properties
Researchers from the University of Strasbourg & CNRS (France), in collaboration with the University of Mons (Belgium), the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (Germany) and the Technische Universität Dresden (Germany), have devised a novel supramolecular strategy to introduce tunable 1D periodic potentials upon self-assembly of ad hoc organic building blocks on graphene, opening the way to the realization of hybrid organic-inorganic multilayer materials with unique electronic and optical properties.

Building trust, not hate
When anonymity between people is lifted, they more likely cooperate with each other.

Microscopic muscles: How non-muscle cells find the strength to move
Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore at the National University of Singapore have described, for the first time, the ordered arrangement of myosin-II filaments in actin cables of non-muscle cells.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the March 29 Issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the March 29, 2017, issue of JNeurosci.

Penn studies find promise for innovations in liquid biopsies
From using fluid in the lungs to better understand the potential of immunotherapy treatments in lung cancer, to tracking circulating tumor cells in prostate cancer, to conducting RNA sequencing of cancer cell clusters from the blood of pancreatic cancer patients, to finding new ways to biopsy tissue from patients who may have esophageal cancer, a series of studies from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrate the promise of new diagnostic methods.

For microbes fighting viruses, a fast response means a better defense
Researchers have found that the bacterial immune system known as CRISPR targets an invading virus as soon as it enters the cell.

NSF and Popular Science announce winners of 15th annual 'Vizzies'
'Vizzies' competition recognizes the best photographs, videos, illustrations, interactive apps, and posters and graphics produced by academic researchers, artists or hobbyists.

11 percent of disappearing groundwater used to grow internationally traded food
11 percent of the global non-renewable groundwater drawn up for irrigation goes to produce crops that are then traded on the international market.

Gale and Ira Drukier Prize in Children's Health Research awarded to allergist-immunologist
Dr. Joshua Milner, an allergist and immunologist who has made key discoveries into the origin of previously unidentified disorders that affect children and families, has been awarded the second annual Gale and Ira Drukier Prize in Children's Health Research, Weill Cornell Medicine announced today.

Virtual reality therapy helps decrease pain in hospitalized patients
Virtual reality therapy is effective in significantly reducing pain for hospitalized patients, according to a new Cedars-Sinai study.

New research explains why even targeted therapies eventually fail in lung cancer
New research shows the accumulation of genetic diversity in cancer cells with damaged DNA repair mechanisms contributes to the occurrence of resistance after the exposure of the cells to drugs used to treat tumors.

IUPUI researcher lays groundwork for new ways to prevent youth violence in Caribbean
A study by an Indiana University School of Social Work associate professor at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has laid the groundwork for new strategies dealing with youth violence in five Caribbean countries

Making bones stronger
New treatments for osteoporosis are desperately needed. Two University of Delaware scientists report estimates of potentially the most effective dosage of a particular peptide, with results that could raise density levels in badly degraded bones back to healthy levels.

Researchers identify genes that give cannabis its flavor
UBC scientists have scanned the genome of cannabis plants to find the genes responsible for giving various strains their lemony, skunky or earthy flavors, an important step for the budding legal cannabis industry.

Study: Gum disease, tooth loss may increase postmenopausal women's risk of death
Findings suggest that older women may be at higher risk for death because of their periodontal condition, and may benefit from more intensive oral screening measures.

Genome editing in human cells: Expert group publishes Leopoldina discussion paper
New techniques in molecular biology that enable targeted interventions in the genome are opening up promising new possibilities for research and application.

Officials dedicate OSC's newest, most powerful supercomputer
State officials and Ohio Supercomputer Center leaders gathered at a data center today (March 29) to dedicate the Owens Cluster.

Teacher encouragement has greatest influence on less advantaged children
'Big data' study finds that children from families with limited education have strongest long-term response to teacher encouragement, and are more likely to progress to university as a result.

Tackling resilience: Finding order in chaos to help buffer against climate change
A new paper by the University of Washington and NOAA's Northwest Fisheries Science Center aims to provide clarity among scientists, resource managers and planners on what ecological resilience means and how it can be achieved.

The IT-LIVER European consortium unveils new TGF-beta functions in liver cancer
Recent research results from the European consortium IT-Liver provide a better understanding of the role of the TGF-beta cytokine in liver cancer.

Adults with migraines have triple the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder is much more common among adults who have migraines than those without migraine (6 percent vs.

A faster single-pixel camera
Reporting their results in the journal IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging, researchers from the MIT Media Lab now describe a new technique that makes image acquisition using compressed sensing 50 times as efficient.

Heart failure and skilled nursing facilities: The importance of getting the facts
For many people diagnosed with heart failure -- which almost invariably results in a hospital stay -- the next stop is a skilled nursing facility.

Scientists predict reading ability from DNA alone
Researchers from King's College London have used a genetic scoring technique to predict reading performance throughout school years from DNA alone.

'KinderMining:' Tackling big data sets by keeping things simple
With about 100 lines of code, a Morgridge Institute for Research team has unleashed a fast, simple and predictive text-mining tool that may turbo-charge big biomedical pursuits such as drug repurposing and stem cell treatments.

Researchers track perfluorinated chemicals in the body
New research in the journal Environmental Science & Technology Letters shows scientists have developed a method to track perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) in the body.

Blood test unlocks new frontier in treating depression
Doctors for the first time can determine which medication is more likely to help a patient overcome depression, according to research that pushes the medical field beyond what has essentially been a guessing game of prescribing antidepressants.

Twelve University of Delaware students, alumni win prestigious research support
A dozen University of Delaware students (undergraduate and graduate) and alumni have won National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships.

Study finds 1 in 8 Calgary homes exceed Health Canada's acceptable radon level
Radon gas is a colorless, odorless radioactive gas that has been linked to lung cancer.

Poor outlook for biodiversity in Antarctica: Study finds
An international study led by Monash scientists has debunked the popular view that Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are in a much better environmental shape than the rest of the world.

TBI in emergency departments a substantial economic burden
A new study that looked at nearly 134,000 emergency department visits for traumatic brain injury, including concussion, during a one year period in Ontario estimated that those visits had a total cost of $945 million over the lifetimes of those patients.

Ludwig scientists reveal new advances in cancer research at 2017 AACR annual meeting
Ludwig Cancer Research released today the full scope of advances to be presented by Ludwig researchers at this year's American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting in Washington D.C., April 1-5, 2017.

Spectrum Health Cardiomyopathy Program named National Center of Excellence
The Spectrum Health Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Program has been designated a national Center of Excellence by the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Association (HCMA).

Solving the mystery of the Arctic's green ice
In 2011, researchers observed something that should be impossible -- a massive bloom of phytoplankton growing under Arctic sea ice in conditions that should have been far too dark for anything requiring photosynthesis to survive.

Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
Enhanced single-walled carbon nanotubes offer a more effective and sustainable approach to water treatment and remediation than the standard industry materials -- silicon gels and activated carbon -- according to a paper by RIT researchers John-David Rocha and Reginald Rogers.

Testing effects of 'noise' on the decision-making abilities of slime mold
Foraging abilities of the amoeboid slime mold Physarum polycephalum may be improved by 'noise' in the form of intermittent light exposure, according to a study published March 29, 2017, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Bernd Meyer from Monash University, Australia, and colleagues.

Painting fingernails with silver and gold
Since ancient times, people have used lustrous silver, platinum and gold to make jewelry and other adornments.

Surgery to remove unaffected breast in early breast cancer increases
The proportion of women in the United States undergoing surgery for early-stage breast cancer who have preventive mastectomy to remove the unaffected breast increased significantly in recent years, particularly among younger women, and varied substantially across states.

Mechanism for hMTH1's broad substrate specificity revealed
Researchers from Japan have revealed the mechanism that gives the hMTH1 protein broad substrate specificity, i.e., the ability to catalyze more than one substrate.

Manufacturing, global trade impair health of people with no stake in either
The latest products may bring joy to people around the globe, but academic researchers this week are highlighting the heightened health risks experienced by people in regions far downwind of the factories that produce these goods and on the other side of the world from where they're consumed.

Atomic 're-packing' behind metallic glass mystery
A new method uncovers a four-decade mystery about metallic glass that could allow researchers to fine-tune its properties to develop new materials.

Asthmatic schoolchildren are 'uncomfortable' using their inhalers
Poor asthma control and knowledge are common in children with doctor-diagnosed asthma, according to research by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).

Steering towards grazing fields
It makes sense that a 1,200 pound Angus cow would place quite a lot of pressure on the ground on which it walks.

Daniel Alford, M.D., M.P.H., receives National Award from the American College of Physicians
Daniel P. Alford, M.D., M.P.H., FACP, has been awarded the American College of Physicians Award for Distinguished Contributions to Behavioral Medicine.

Heart failure congress sets new record for original science submissions
A new record for original science submissions has been set for the world's leading heart failure congress.

Genetic errors associated with heart health may guide drug development
A new study of such 'beneficial' genetic mutations, led by Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Final reminder; less than 30 days to The International Liver CongressTM 2017
With less than 30 days to go until The International Liver CongressTM 2017, it's time to register as a member of the press to attend the congress!

Adding grads and going green can brighten economic outlook
Attracting college graduates and boosting natural amenities may give communities a double shot of economic growth potential, according to economists.

Hepatitis B and C may be linked to increased risk of Parkinson's disease
The viruses hepatitis B and C may both be associated with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the March 29, 2017, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

NASA laser communications to provide Orion faster connections
NASA is working to forever change the way astronauts communicate to and from space using an advanced laser communications system called LEMNOS, which will enable exponentially faster connections than ever before.

New research into light particles challenges understanding of quantum theory
Scientists have discovered a new mechanism involved in the creation of paired light particles, which could have significant impact on the study of quantum physics.

Immunologic changes point to potential for clinical investigation of combination immunotherapy for deadly kidney cancer
Immunologic changes observed in an early study of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC) raised the possibility for a larger clinical study of combination immunotherapy, according to findings reported by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Quantum communication: How to outwit noise
Quantum information transfer requires reliable information transfer from one quantum system to the other, which is extremely difficult to achieve.

Inflammation awakens sleepers
The inflammatory response that is supposed to ward off pathogens that cause intestinal disease makes this even worse.

Wrong-way asteroid plays 'chicken' with Jupiter
For at least a million years, an asteroid orbiting the 'wrong' way around the sun has been playing a cosmic game of chicken with giant Jupiter and with about 6,000 other asteroids sharing the giant planet's space, says a report published in the latest issue of Nature.

Bullies and their victims obsessed with weight-loss
School bullies and their victims are more obsessed with weight-loss than anyone else, according to new research by the University of Warwick.

Social bees have kept their gut microbes for 80 million years
Bacteria living in the guts of social bees have been passed down from generation to generation for 80 million years, according to a new study.

Research highlights for Experimental Biology 2017 in Chicago, April 22-26
Cutting-edge multidisciplinary research from across the life sciences will be presented at the Experimental Biology 2017 meeting (EB 2017), the premier annual meeting of six scientific societies in Chicago to be held April 22-26.

Fred Hutch scientists to cover advances in immunotherapy, proteomics at AACR
Scientists from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle are scheduled to present and discuss the latest developments in immunotherapy and proteomics at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting, Research Propelling Cancer Prevention and Cures, on April 1-5.

Tests can help quantify automatic empathy and moral intuitions
When people scan the latest political headlines or watch a video from a war-ravaged land, they tend to feel snap ethical or moral responses first and reason through them later.

NIH designates $42.7 million for food allergy research consortium
The National Institutes of Health intends to award $42.7 million over seven years to the Consortium of Food Allergy Research (CoFAR) so it may continue evaluating new approaches to treat food allergy.

Vaginal estriol gel helps women recover after surgery for pelvic organ prolapse
Pelvic organ prolapse is estimated to affect up to one-half of all women, causing pain and interfering with sexual function.

Heroin use rises significantly among young whites
Heroin use and heroin use disorder have increased significantly among American adults since 2001, according to new research at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Harnessing brain's internal reserves might help treat epilepsy
Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders affecting humans that causes recurrent convulsive seizures.

How should the UK approach Brexit?
A study published in the Oxford Review of Economic Policy summarizes strategies for the United Kingdom to adopt when negotiating new trade arrangements with the European Union.

Case comprehensive cancer center analyzes brain tumor data, doubles known risk factors for glioma
A massive new study involving blood samples from over 30,000 individuals has identified 13 new genetic risk factors for glioma, the most common type of malignant brain tumor in adults.

Eastern Nursing Research Society honoring Penn Nursing's Barbara Medoff-Cooper, Ph.D.
Barbara Medoff-Cooper, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN, Professor of Nursing in the Department of Family and Community Health at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and the Ruth M.

A new marker for the most common form of ALS
A molecule found in blood and cerebrospinal fluid could serve as an indicator for the most common form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), offering a much needed tool to measure disease outcomes in clinical trials, a new study reports.

New research comes to terms with old ideas about canker sores
A burning pain sensation -- and treatments that do not work.

Very low frequency electromagnetic field exposure linked to motor neurone disease
Workplace exposure to very low frequency electromagnetic fields may be linked to a doubling in risk of developing the most common form of motor neurone disease -- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS for short -- suggests research published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Gum disease, tooth loss may increase postmenopausal women's risk of death
Gum disease and tooth loss in postmenopausal women may be linked to a higher risk of death.

How to measure potentially damaging free radicals in cigarette smoke
Smoking cigarettes can lead to illness and death. Free radicals, which are atoms or groups of atoms with unpaired electrons, in inhaled smoke are thought to be partly responsible for making smokers sick.

Japanese researchers make breakthrough in antioxidant enzyme linked to jaundice
A Japanese research team involving Osaka University investigated biliverdin reductase, the enzyme producing bilirubin -- a substance linked with jaundice -- from biliverdin (BV).

Best-looking politicians lean right, best-looking scholars lean left
In politics, right-leaning politicians are in general physically more attractive, but in academia it is the other way around.

Scientists discover new category of analgesic drugs that may treat neuropathic pain
New research published online in The FASEB Journal suggests that a novel therapeutic target called LPCAT2 may prove effective against pain that is not receptive to the current treatments.

From Beethoven to Bieber, why playing music to chimps is falling on deaf ears
Playing music to captive chimpanzees has no positive effect on their welfare, researchers have concluded.

Study reveals listeria bacteria can hide inside tissue of romaine lettuce
A Purdue University study shows that the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes can live inside the tissue of romaine lettuce, suggesting that conventional post-harvest sanitization practices might not be sufficient to kill the potentially lethal pathogen.

Why do we choose to get vaccinations?
Since vaccines protect not only those who take them, but also the people who otherwise could have been infected, there are many plausible motives for choosing to get vaccinated. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to