Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 31, 2017
University of Miami to begin phase 2 Zika vaccine trial
The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine will soon begin one of the nation's first full-scale Zika vaccine clinical trials testing the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) experimental DNA-based vaccine.

NASA sees the remnants of Tropical Cyclone Debbie moving off Australia's east coast
The remnant clouds and showers associated with Ex-Tropical Cyclone Debbie were slowly moving off the coasts of Queensland and New South Wales as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead on March 31.

Independent evolutionary origins of complex sociality in marine life
In the world of evolutionary research, scientists studying the evolution of eusocial societies have traditionally relied on information gathered from studying terrestrial insects.

Experimental small molecule shows potential in preventing meth relapse
New research from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) suggests that the reason methamphetamine users find it so hard to quit -- 88 percent of them relapse, even after rehab -- is that meth takes advantage of the brain's natural learning process.

Public funding research key to advancing biomedical innovation
A new paper co-authored by Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health's Bhaven Sampat, PhD, shows that 30 percent of all NIH-funded grants produce research that is cited by a private-sector patent.

ACR announces 2017 health policy priorities
The American College of Rheumatology today announced its 2017 health policy priorities, providing detailed policy recommendations to improve access to care for rheumatology patients and address the national rheumatology workforce shortage.

Annual report to the nation: Cancer death rates continue to decline
Overall cancer death rates continue to decrease in men, women, and children for all major racial and ethnic groups, according to the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer.

New study to explore the health and socio-economic factors impacting cancer patient outcomes
How do health and socio-economic factors impact the nearly 1.7 million people diagnosed with cancer each year?

Some of Greenland's coastal ice will be permanently lost by 2100
The glaciers and ice caps that dot the edges of the Greenland coast are not likely to recover from the melting they are experiencing now, a study has found.

Designing sensors to detect foreign bodies in food
Researchers at the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre and the Navarre-based company Anteral S.L. have designed a novel system of sensors to improve quality control in the food sector and based on terahertz technology.

Phase 2 Zika vaccine trial begins in US, Central and South America
Vaccinations have begun in a multi-site Phase 2/2b clinical trial testing an experimental DNA vaccine designed to protect against disease caused by Zika infection.

Researchers publish new manuscript on red snapper reproduction
Recent research conducted on the long-term issue of age distribution of red snapper in the Gulf of Mexico indicates that older fish, age eight and up are more reproductive than younger fish were over the previous 10 years.

More reliably predicting what will work
A recent study by researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Berlin Institute of Health (BIH) has shown that a more flexible approach to study design can significantly improve the efficiency of preclinical research.

New study: Aggressive breast cancer grows faster in obese environment
In an abstract that will be presented April 3 at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017, UNC Lineberger researchers will report preliminary findings that breast cancer cancer cells grew larger when they were transplanted into fatty, obese tissue.

Next generation perovskite solar cells with new world-record performance
A new study, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, finds key to produce perovskite solar cells that display both high efficiency (21.2%) and long-term stability (1,000 hours of light exposure).

1997 was 'tipping point' for ice caps around Greenland's edges
The natural resilience of Greenland's smaller ice caps 'broke down' around 1997, causing a rapid increase in their rate of decline.

Hair testing shows high prevalence of new psychoactive substance use
In the study, hair samples from 80 young adults outside of NYC nightclubs and dance festivals, were tested for 82 drugs and metabolites (including NPS) using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Discovery of a source of fast magnetic reconnection
Feature describes source of the acceleration of a common type of magnetic reconnection.

How best to stir a steel furnace, and beat corrosion
Two steel research projects led by Swansea University -- a better way to tackle corrosion, and more efficient use of furnaces -- are on a list of only eleven awards, across all subjects and the whole UK, bestowed last night (30 March) by the Royal Society, one of the world's most prestigious scientific organizations.

Bio-inspired energy storage: A new light for solar power
Inspired by the western Swordfern, a groundbreaking prototype could be the answer to the storage challenge still holding solar back as a total energy solution.

NASA observations reshape basic plasma wave physics
With the help of MMS, NASA scientists are reshaping the basic understanding of a type of wave in space known as a kinetic Alfvén wave.

Endocrine Society, Medscape partner to bring endocrine expertise to clinicians worldwide
The Endocrine Society and Medscape announced today a new partnership that brings together the Society's expertise and Medscape's innovative, peer-to-peer digital platforms and award-winning content to provide clinicians with the latest guidance and most relevant insights on diagnosing and treating diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, infertility, and other endocrine disorders.

'Whale breath' reveals bacteria threatening endangered killer whales
Droplets and exhaled breath caught from the blowholes of killer whales along the Pacific coast are providing scientists with insights into whale health and revealing bacteria and fungi that may be a threat to the mammals.

The earliest stages of embryogenesis have been studied
For the first time, scientists from the Faculty of Biology of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in collaboration with their colleagues from Austria and the USA have built up detailed maps of three-dimensional genome organization in individual cells and studied the characteristics of three-dimensional organization of maternal and paternal genomes in mouse zygotes.

BMC addiction expert receives award from American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Colleen T. Labelle, MSN, RN-BC, CARN, director of Boston Medical Center's Office-Based Addiction Treatment (OBAT) program, has been awarded the 2017 Advocate State Award for Excellence by the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP).

Challenges and opportunities in new technologies for health
The increasing capacity of each individual to monitor and manage their health without medical attention entails new challenges that cannot be ignored.

Egg-sitting glassfrogs create safe exit for tadpoles
Glassfrogs may be somewhat see-through, but they have still managed to a hide an important secret--they are dedicated mothers and fathers that invest time in brooding their eggs.

Caddisworm silk, DNA sleuths, urban streams and more from the University of Utah at ACS
University of Utah chemists gather with their peers in San Francisco next week at the American Chemical Society's National Meeting April 2-6.

Space station crew cultivates crystals for drug development
Crew members aboard the International Space Station will begin conducting research this week to improve the way we grow crystals on Earth.

Tyrannosaurs show their sensitive side
A team of researchers, including UNM Honors College Professor Jason R.

National study finds news exposure linked to greater anger towards Muslims
New Zealanders -- whether liberal or conservative -- show both increased anger and reduced warmth towards Muslims if they are more avid news consumers, a new scientific study has found.

Technology to screen embryos before implantation falls short
Because current methods for assessing the viability of IVF-created embryos are not sufficiently reliable, more research on embryo development is needed, two experts write in a new review article.

Scientists go out on a limb to study tree-climbing land snails
Land snails are generally believed to be ground-dwelling creatures, preferring dark and humid places, like the forest floor, or a suburban garden.

Fish also need friends
According to a new study led by Rui Oliveira, researcher at ISPA -- Instituto Universitário, Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, and Fundação Champalimaud, zebrafish need social support to overcome adverse circumstances and may become a model of choice for studying this behavior and its underlying neural mechanisms.

A badger can bury a cow by itself
While studying scavenger behavior in Utah's Great Basin Desert, University of Utah biologists observed an American badger do something that no other scientists had documented before: bury an entire calf carcass by itself.

Insomnia associated with increased risk of heart attack and stroke
Insomnia is associated with increased risk of heart attack and stroke, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Genes associated with Erdheim-Chester disease also linked to cancer
Newly identified genes associated with Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD), an ultra-rare disease, are also linked to cancer, according to a new study by NHGRI researchers.

Antibody is effective against radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis
Radiation therapy of the lungs often leads to irreversible connective-tissue changes that cause functional impairments in the pulmonary tissue.

Time delays in vending machines prompt healthier snack choices
Preventive medicine experts at Rush University Medical Center have discovered that delaying access to tempting, high-calorie foods and snacks in vending machines potentially can shift people's choices to purchase less desired, but healthier snack options.

Exploring ocean waters to characterize atmospheric aerosols
Aerosols play a major role in cloud formation, with a strong impact on climate models.

Risky alcohol consumption can increase at time of retirement
Every tenth employee increases their alcohol consumption to risky levels at the time of retirement from full-time employment.

A new treatment for antibiotic resistant bacteria and infectious disease
A study, published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, describes a new treatment pathway for antibiotic resistant bacteria and infectious diseases with benefits for patients and health care providers.

Beyond genomics: Using proteomics to target tumors
Dr. Amanda Paulovich, whose lab has a leading role in the Beau Biden Cancer Moonshot, will speak April 5 at the AACR annual meeting about her lab's pioneering methods to measure proteins that serve as tumor markers.

New global report on food crisis -- benchmark for action needed to avoid future disasters
Despite international efforts to address food insecurity, around 108 million people in the world were severely food insecure in 2016, a dramatic increase compared with 80 million in 2015, according to a new global report on food crises released in Brussels on March 31, 2017.

New software tool to provide students with personalized feedback to improve learning
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington have partnered with five international universities to create a software tool that provides timely and personalized feedback to help students adjust their studying throughout the course.

Protests with many participants and unified message most likely to influence politicians
Protests that bring many people to the streets who agree among themselves and have a single message are most likely to influence elected officials, suggests a new study.

Bursting the bubble: Solution to the Kirchhoff-Plateau problem
Researchers solve a mathematical problem illustrated by soap films spanning flexible loops.

Tories cut labor lead in London to three points
New poll from Queen Mary University of London and YouGov.

Russian Polytechnic University to open Information Center in Spain
On April 19, Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), one of the leading technical universities in Russia will open the Information Center in Madrid, Spain.

Glassfrogs show surprising diversity of parental strategies
New research from Boston University has found that in many species glassfrog mothers brood their eggs during the night the eggs are fertilized, and that this care improves the survival of the eggs, while in almost a third of species glassfrog fathers stay on guard for much longer periods.

SIAM announces Class of 2017 Fellows
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) is pleased to announce the 2017 Class of SIAM Fellows.

Harms of nighttime light exposure passed to offspring
Animals can pass the damaging effects of nighttime light exposure to their offspring, a new study has found, adding to a growing body of evidence that there's a health cost to our increasingly illuminated nights.

Climate seesaw at the end of the last glacial phase
A change in precipitation at one location may be caused by changes on the other side of the planet.

Hubble's double galaxy gaze: Leda and NGC 4424
The vast majority of cosmic objects appear in astronomical catalogs and are given rather less poetic names based on the order of their discovery.

When India collided with Asia to form the Himalayan mountains?
When and how India started to collide with Asia? This scientific question has been vigorously debated for half a century.

Policy changes are needed to address over-consumption
Although the major objective of the liquor, food and associated industries is to optimise profits, that is, to sell as much food and alcohol as possible, their success can create serious health risks and burdens for consumers.

New ultrafast flexible and transparent memory devices could herald new era of electronics
An innovative new technique to produce the quickest, smallest, highest-capacity memories for flexible and transparent applications could pave the way for a future golden age of electronics.

Shaping the future of health innovation
Future advances in healthcare will be aided by a new £10 million facility -- the National Institute for Health Research Innovation Observatory based at Newcastle University, UK.

Case Western Reserve embarks on innovative path to treat infections of drug-resistant superbugs
Case Western Reserve University and Q2 Pharma Ltd., an Israeli biopharmaceutical company, have signed a two-year option to license small molecule, antivirulence technology to potentially treat bacterial infections such as methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the first known scientific effort of its kind.

Researchers improve vbectors for delivering hFVIII gene therapy to treat Hemophilia A
A new study examined 42 combinations of promoters and enhancers for human factor VIII (hFVIII) gene expression to identify the optimal adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based gene therapy delivery vector constructs to take forward into development.

Photonics breakthough paving the way for improved wireless communication systems
A breakthrough enabling very fast tunable delay lines on chip should facilitate bandwidth affecting the 10 billion mobile devices connected to the wireless network.

Towards a mathematical theory of PID control
A latest research gives a simple and analytic design method for the PID (proportional-integral-derivative) parameters for second order nonlinear uncertain systems, and establishes a mathematical theory for global stability and asymptotic regulation of the closed-loop control systems, which is of high value for both PID control theory and its wide practice. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to