Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 03, 2017
Robot epigenetics: Adding complexity to embodied robot evolution
For the first time, researchers in the field of evolutionary robotics have used physically embodied robots to study epigenetic effects on robot evolution.

Molecules in the body more visible in new detection system, say scientists
Scientists at the University of York have developed a technique that will enhance the performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in identifying disease.

Latino language and subgroup data are lacking but key to addressing health disparities
Latinos are the largest racial and ethnic group in the United States, and they comprise two-thirds of Americans with limited English proficiency (LEP).

International scientific teams find potential approach against parasites
Research teams from the National Institutes of Health and abroad have identified the first inhibitor of an enzyme long thought to be a potential drug target for fighting disease-causing parasites and bacteria.

Monkey business produces rare preserved blood in amber fossils
Two monkeys grooming each other about 20-30 million years ago may have helped produce a remarkable new find -- the first fossilized red blood cells from a mammal, preserved so perfectly in amber that they appear to have been prepared for display in a laboratory.

Patients who trust the medical profession are more likely to take their high blood pressure medicine
Patients who had higher levels of trust took their blood pressure medicine more often than those who had lower levels of trust.

Jumping droplets whisk away hotspots in electronics
Engineers have developed a technology to cool hotspots in high-performance electronics using the same physical phenomenon that cleans the wings of cicadas.

Stem cell innovation regrows rotator cuffs
Rotator cuff problems are common, with about two million people afflicted and about 300,000 rotator cuff repair surgeries every year in the US.

Study IDs ways to encourage 'refuge' planting, slowing resistance to Bt crops
A new study finds a significant shortfall in the amount of 'refuge' cropland being planted in North Carolina -- likely increasing the rate at which crop pests will evolve the ability to safely devour genetically engineered Bt crops.

Low-calorie sweeteners promote fat accumulation in human fat
Low-calorie, artificial sweeteners appear to play havoc with the body's metabolism, and large consumption of these sugar substitutes could promote fat accumulation, especially in people who are already obese, preliminary research suggests.

Is gender affirmative treatment effective for coexisting gender dysphoria and psychosis?
A new study demonstrates that gender dysphoria in individuals with coexisting psychotic disorders can be adequately diagnosed and safely treated with gender affirming psychological, endocrine, and surgical therapies.

New archaeological evidence throws light on efforts to resist 'the living dead'
A new scientific study of medieval human bones, excavated from a deserted English village, suggests the corpses they came from were burnt and mutilated.

Android apps can conspire to mine information from your smartphone
'What this study shows undeniably with real-world evidence over and over again is that app behavior, whether it is intentional or not, can pose a security breach depending on the kinds of apps you have on your phone,' said researcher Gang Wang.

A 'bionic leaf' could help feed the world
In the second half of the 20th century, an agricultural boom called the 'green revolution' was largely credited with averting a global food crisis.

NASA's solar dynamics observatory captured trio of solar flares April 2-3
The sun emitted a trio of mid-level solar flares on April 2-3, 2017.

Drug combination shows benefit in RAS-driven cancers
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists report a number of patients in a small study with RAS-driven lung, ovarian, and thyroid cancers got long-term clinical benefit from a combination of two drugs that targeted molecular pathways controlled by the RAS gene.

Trends in college attendance rates in rural America
The benefits of obtaining a college degree are higher than ever in the current economy, as researchers estimate that by the year 2020, 65 percent of all jobs will require postsecondary education.

Computing -- quantum deep
In a first for deep learning, an Oak Ridge National Laboratory-led team is bringing together quantum, high-performance and neuromorphic computing architectures to address complex issues that, if resolved, could clear the way for more flexible, efficient technologies in intelligent computing.

Book purchases of liberals and conservatives reveal partisan division
Reader preferences for liberal or conservative political books also attract them to different types of science books, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Chicago and Yale and Cornell universities.

MIPT's researchers come up with clean technology to make low molecular weight chitosan
Researchers at MIPT have developed a new technique for obtaining low molecular weight water-soluble chitin and chitosan.

Advanced FDG-PET image analysis identifies cell mutations in cancer patients
Researchers have used positron emission tomography (PET) to successfully identify genetic cell mutations that can cause lung cancer.

Stanford researchers create deep learning algorithm that could boost drug development
Combining computer science and chemistry, researchers show how an advanced form of machine learning that works off small amounts of data can be used to solve problems in drug discovery.

Researchers 'iron out' graphene's wrinkles
Engineers at MIT have found a way to make graphene with fewer wrinkles, and to iron out the wrinkles that do appear.

Technique for 'three-parent baby' revealed
Details of a pioneering IVF technique using mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT) have been published in Reproductive BioMedicine Online, giving hope to those families with inheritable mitochondrial disorders that they may be able to have healthy children in the future.

Photonic crystal and nanowire combo advances 'photonic integration'
While bigger nanowires can improve light confinement and performance, it increases both energy consumption and device footprint -- both of which are considered 'fatal' when it comes to integration.

Set strawberry alarm clock for post-apple bloom
Growers who time their strawberries to bloom just after apples do, can reap a better harvest, according to new research.

Close connection between deep currents and climate
The Labrador Sea in the northwestern Atlantic is one of the key regions of the global ocean circulation.

Mechanism of aging recovery for progeria patients revealed
DGIST's research teams reveal the mechanism to recover the function of aging cells in HGPS patients using ROCK inhibitor.

Altering the immune system to reverse paralysis (video)
In the ultimate betrayal, one's own immune system can turn against the protective sheath that envelops neurons in the brain, leaving the body paralyzed.

Domesticated rice goes rogue
We tend to assume that domestication is a one-way street and that, once domesticated, crop plants stay domesticated.

Magnetic brain stimulation causes weight loss by making gut bacteria healthier
A new study finds that a noninvasive electromagnetic brain stimulation technique helps obese people lose weight, partly by changing the composition of their intestinal bacteria -- the so-called gut microbiota.

Man moves paralyzed legs using device that stimulates spinal cord
Mayo Clinic researchers used electrical stimulation on the spinal cord and intense physical therapy to help a man intentionally move his paralyzed legs, stand and make steplike motions for the first time in three years.

Malaria parasites soften our cells' defenses in order to invade
Malaria parasites cause red blood cells to become bendier, helping the parasites to enter and cause infection, says a new study.

The secret to staying motivated
Researchers have discovered that our source of motivation switches about halfway through the process of pursuing a goal.

Depressed veterans with heart disease face financial barriers to care
Veterans living with heart disease and depression were more likely to report problems affording medical visits and prescription drugs and were more likely to delay seeking medical care.

Global decline in deaths among children, adolescents but progress uneven
Deaths among children and adolescents decreased worldwide from nearly 14.2 million deaths in 1990 to just over 7.2 million deaths in 2015 but this global progress has been uneven, according to a new article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

'Doctor' robot could help solve sports-concussion dilemma in rural America
From bustling cities to tiny farming communities, the bright lights of the local stadium are common beacons to the Friday night ritual of high school football.

From fish to forests, conflicts to coffee: Humans affected by species on the move
A new international study led by scientists from IMAS and the University of Tasmania's Centre for Marine Socioecology has highlighted how humans are being affected by climate-driven changes in the distribution of land, marine and freshwater species around the world.

Blood vessels and the immune system talk to each other; implications for cancer treatment
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered that tumor blood vessels and the immune system influence each other's functions, and propose that considering these bilateral effects in cancer therapy might improve outcomes.

Study finds 1 secret to successful schools that costs nothing
Most factors that help make schools successful cost lots of money -- think teachers, technology and textbooks.

Ladies, this is why fertility declines with age
Researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center (CRCHUM) have discovered a possible new explanation for female infertility.

Researchers obtain Bose-Einstein condensate with nickel chloride
At temperatures close to absolute zero and in the presence of a very intense magnetic field, nickel chloride behaves like a Bose-Einstein condensate, so that the properties of a large group of atoms can be described using a single equation, a single wave function.

Tiny plankton wields biological 'Gatling gun' in microbial Wild West
Researchers have obtained an unprecedented view of the 'ballistic' weaponry of planktonic microbes, including one that can fire projectiles as if wielding a Gatling gun.

Patients with higher thyroid hormone levels lose more weight after bariatric surgery
Patients who have higher levels of the thyroid hormone triiodothyronine (T3) lose more weight after bariatric surgery, new research from Portugal reports.

New technology could end costly crude oil pipeline blockages
Getting crude oil from the wellhead to its downstream destination can be literally stopped in its tracks when components of the oil known as asphaltenes clump together, reducing the flow or causing a complete blockage.

Is early pregnancy BMI associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy?
Increased risk for childhood epilepsy was associated with maternal overweight or obesity in early pregnancy in a study of babies born in Sweden, according to a study published online by JAMA Neurology.

Drug combination boost PARP inhibitor response in resistant ovarian cancer
A new Dana-Farber study shows patients with platinum resistant ovarian cancer who wouldn't be expected to respond to a PARP inhibitor had partial shrinkage of their tumor with the addition of a kinase inhibitor.

New report links early life antibiotic use to inflammatory gut diseases in adulthood
A new research report in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology involving mice shows that antibiotic use very early in life that alters the normal development/growth of gut bacteria, may contribute to the development of inflammatory bowel disease, and potentially other inflammatory diseases like asthma and multiple sclerosis.

Good communication helps improve outcomes for heart patients
Patients who said they communicated effectively with their healthcare providers were more likely to report the use of prescribed statin drugs and aspirin.

New simple tool can help identify people at high risk for prediabetes
The time to maximal sugar level during an oral glucose tolerance test is associated with higher risk for prediabetes and could give important information about the ability of the pancreas to secrete insulin, according to research presented at the Endocrine Society's 99th annual meeting, ENDO 2017, in Orlando, Fla.

Program equips rural primary care providers to manage complex diabetes
Primary care providers (PCPs) and community health workers in rural areas of New Mexico gained confidence in in their ability to manage patients with complex diabetes by participating in a videoconferencing educational program led by diabetes specialists, a new study found.

AACR: New model paves way for immune therapies against colorectal cancer
Study presented at AACR 2017 describes a new 'humanized mouse' model of colorectal cancer, allowing researchers to test new drugs and new drug combinations against the disease and potentially opening the door to immunotherapy for the larger, microsatellite-stable population of colorectal cancer patients.

Ridding the oceans of plastics by turning the waste into valuable fuel
Billions of pounds of plastic waste are littering the world's oceans.

Where the Jordan stops flowing
A new study conducted at Tel Aviv University argues that Israel's Jordan River may be a useful case study for the challenges facing stream restoration initiatives around the world.

Do smart songbirds always get the girl?
Compelling evidence shows females prefer mates with better cognitive abilities in a number of animals and even humans.

Deploying an ancient defense to kill cancer
What if your body's ancient defenses against invading bacteria could be hijacked to help kill cancer?

Monitoring pollen using an aircraft
Plant pollen and fungal spores can be found at variable heights in the air, even at elevations up to 2,000 meters.

iTango: New technique studies neuromodulation in real time
Dynamic modulation of neuronal pathways underlies behavior, but only limited tools exist to explore these effects.

Graphene sieve turns seawater into drinking water
Graphene-oxide membranes have attracted considerable attention as promising candidates for new filtration technologies.

Higher anabolic hormone levels predict lower risk of worsening frailty in men
A new study suggests that middle-age and elderly men are less likely to develop worsening frailty if they have high levels of certain anabolic hormones, which are muscle- and bone-building hormones.

Rock exposed in World War I trenches offers new fossil find
An unusual fossil find is giving scientists new ideas about how some of the earliest animals on Earth came to dominate the world's oceans.

Patients with lung cancers responsive to immunotherapy drug beat standard odds of survival
More than seven years after the start of one of the first clinical trials of the immunotherapy drug nivolumab, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center report that the five-year survival estimate for a limited subset of people with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer taking the drug is 16 percent, compared with a historical survival rate for that group of 1 to 4 percent.

Fish study shows important genome interactions in animal cells
In a new study, researchers at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science examined how the interaction of two genomes in animal cells -- the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes -- interact to affect adaptation of the Atlantic killifish to different temperatures.

Integrating caregivers at discharge significantly cuts patient readmissions
Systematically integrating informal caregivers into the discharge planning process for elderly patients reduces hospital readmissions by a quarter, a University of Pittsburgh Health Policy Institute analysis discovered.

Babies cry most in UK, Canada, Italy & Netherlands
Babies cry more in Britain, Canada and Italy, than the rest of the world -- according to new research by the University of Warwick.

Diabetes control is more difficult for night-shift workers
People with type 2 diabetes have poorer control over their blood glucose levels when they work the night shift compared with those who work in the daytime or are unemployed, a new study finds.

Early climate 'payback' with higher emission reductions
Climate scientists have shown the early mitigation needed to limit eventual warming below potentially dangerous levels has a climate 'payback' much earlier than previously thought.

Women experience high rates of health insurance 'churn' before and after childbirth
A high percentage of women in the US move in and out of health insurance coverage -- sometimes referred to as 'churn' -- in the months before and after childbirth, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Stress a common seizure trigger in epilepsy, UC study affirms
The relationship between stress and seizures has been well documented over the last 50 years.

In US military, white kids, officers' kids more likely to use diabetes technology
Even with equal access to healthcare in the United States military, significant disparities in caring for children with type 1 diabetes still exist, new research reports.

Skin cancer finding provides hope for patients with rare type of melanoma
A team of researchers report a significant genetic association linked to an aggressive form of melanoma in a study published today in the journal Genome Research.

Boys from low income families move less
Parents' income and educational level are associated with their children's physical activity and screen time, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.

Screening the dark genome for disease
Researchers have developed a method to swiftly screen non-coding DNA for links to diseases with complicated genetic components.

Researchers document how melanoma tumors form
University of Iowa researchers have documented in continuous, real time how melanoma cells form tumors.

Can pure maple syrup help reduce chronic inflammation?
The first-ever global symposium, solely dedicated to sharing the latest scientific discoveries on the potential health benefits of 100 percent pure maple products from Canada, took place on April 2 in San Francisco at the 253rd annual meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS).

Smoking hot: UC study finds heat of hookah pipe the biggest health culprit for smokers
Hookah-tobacco users might want to rethink how they heat up their water pipes, based on research by chemists at the University of Cincinnati.

Biochar provides high-definition electron pathways in soil
Cornell University scientists have discovered a new high-definition system that allows electrons to travel through soil farther and more efficiently than previously thought.

When human illness rises, the environment suffers, too
A toxic environment is known to create health problems for people, but sick people can also create health problems for the environment.

Negative regulator stops extreme immune response to parasite, averting multi-organ damage
A new study from Osaka University identified a role for the BATF2 protein in negatively regulating the immune response to infection by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is responsible for Chagas disease.

New experimental drug offers hope for menopausal women with frequent hot flushes
Women plagued by frequent hot flushes during the menopause could cut the number of flushes by almost three-quarters, thanks to a new drug compound.

Biomarker identified for likely aggressive, early stage breast cancer
Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a gene that could help clinicians discern which patients have aggressive forms of early stage breast cancer, which could prevent hundreds of thousands of women from undergoing unnecessary treatment and save millions of dollars.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2017
An ORNL-led team is bringing together quantum, high-performance and neuromorphic computing architectures to address complex issues that, if resolved, could clear the way for more flexible, efficient technologies in intelligent computing; ORNL is using electron beam precision to instantly adhere cathode coatings for lithium-ion batteries; ORNL created an approach to get a better look at plant cell wall characteristics at high resolution as they create more efficient, less costly methods to deconstruct biomass.

Where you live could determine risk of heart attack, stroke or dying of heart disease
People living in parts of Ontario with better access to preventive health care had lower rates of cardiac events compared to residents of regions with less access, found a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Unique experiment set to reveal the effects of climate change on the forests of the future
A major new decade-long experiment by scientists at the University of Birmingham to study the impact of climate and environmental change on woodlands launches today.

Tiny black holes enable a new type of photodetector for high speed data
Tiny 'black holes' on a silicon wafer make for a new type of photodetector that could move more data at lower cost around the world or across a datacenter.

New natural estrogen-progesterone capsule reduces postmenopausal hot flashes
A natural, or bioidentical, combined estradiol-progesterone capsule (TX-001HR) significantly decreases the frequency and severity of moderate to severe hot flashes in postmenopausal women, the Replenish study finds.

New tool uses behavioral cues to assess pain in ICU patients who can't communicate
A new Behavior Pain Assessment Tool (BPAT) provides a simple way to evaluate pain in critically ill patients -- including those who aren't able to communicate their pain verbally, reports a study in PAINĀ®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP).

Gallbladder removal is common -- but is it necessary?
Johns Hopkins researchers say that the findings they published in the current edition of The American Journal of Gastroenterology could have important implications for the field of personalized medicine.

A promising strategy to increase activity in antimicrobial peptides
In an article published recently in Plos One, researchers from INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier Research Centre reported a strategy that could lead to the discovery of new cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs) with greatly enhanced antimicrobial properties.

Researchers uncover clue about how tiny microbes self-mutate
Researchers have discovered that previously unidentified microorganisms have a genetic element that enables them to self-mutate.

Pitt researchers identify new brain pathway that controls hand movements
Neuroscientists have discovered a new brain pathway that could underlie our ability to make the coordinated hand movements needed to reach out and manipulate objects in our immediate surroundings.

Estetrol (E4) shows promise as a safe, effective drug for use in advanced prostate cancer
The natural fetal estrogen estetrol, also called E4, is being tested as a new drug that may help treat advanced prostate cancer, according to an ongoing industry-sponsored study from the Netherlands.

Solitary perturbations in the steep boundary of magnetized toroidal plasma
Researchers have discovered the mechanisms behind reliable nuclear fusion by observing solitary perturbation (SP) structures within microseconds from the onset of the pedestal erosion, suggesting a strong correlation between SP generation and the pedestal collapse.

Microbial colonizers of Arctic soils are sensitive to future climate change
A team of researchers from the University of Bristol have recently shown that ecosystems created by melting glaciers in the Arctic are sensitive to climate change and human activity.

Traumatic brain injuries leave women prone to mental health problems
Traumatic brain injuries affect the body's stress axis differently in female and male mice, according to research presented at the Endocrine Society's 99th annual meeting, ENDO 2017, in Orlando, Fla.

A biomarker for cancer of the oropharynx
A growing number of cases of oropharyngeal cancer are considered to be a consequence of infection with human papillomaviruses (HPV).

Progesterone and bisexuality: Is there a link?
Bisexuality is quite common among men and women whose mothers received additional doses of the sex hormone progesterone while pregnant.

Diagnosing cancer
Scientists have established a process for identifying biomarkers for the diagnosis of different types of cancer.

New species of tree living crab found in Western Ghats
A recent research paper in The Journal of Crustacean Biology reveals a new genus and new species of tree crab in Kerala, southern India.

Study finds more childhood cancer survivors would likely benefit from genetic screening
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has completed the first whole genome sequencing of cancer survivors and found that 12 percent of childhood cancer survivors carry mutations linked to an increased risk of cancer.

Researchers uncover prehistoric art and ornaments from Indonesian 'Ice Age'
Griffith University archaeologists are part of a joint Indonesian-Australian team that has unearthed a rare collection of prehistoric art and 'jewellery' objects from the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, dating in some instances to as early as 30,000 years ago.

Study shows real-world massage is effective treatment for low back pain
In the first study of its kind, researchers found real-world massage therapy to be an effective treatment for chronic low back pain.

How to clamp down on cyanide fishing
Spraying cyanide in tropical seas can quickly and cheaply stun fish, allowing them to be easily captured and sold.

Millendo announces publication of positive phase 2 data for MLE4901 for treatment of VMS
Millendo Therapeutics today announced the publication of positive data from a Phase 2 investigator-initiated clinical trial of MLE4901 for the treatment of menopausal vasomotor symptoms (VMS), which are defined as hot flushes/flashes and night sweats.

Study finds significant variability in doctors' angioplasty death rates
Some doctors have higher or lower than expected death rates from coronary angioplasty procedures, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however, doctors should not be judged solely on the rate of patients who die from the procedure.

Brain signals after a meal respond to food pictures more in obese than lean kids
Brain signals that should help tell us we are full after eating appear to be dulled in obese children, according to preliminary results of a new study being presented Monday at ENDO 2017, the Endocrine Society's 99th annual meeting in Orlando, Fla.

Hormones are behind hernias of the groin in elderly men, study suggests
Researchers have identified an apparent cause of inguinal hernia, or groin hernia, in older men: altered sex hormone levels that weaken and scar muscle tissue in the lower abdomen.

Research measures potentially damaging free radicals in cigarette smoke
Smoking cigarettes can lead to illness and death. Free radicals, which are atoms or groups of atoms with unpaired electrons, in inhaled smoke are thought to be partly responsible for making smokers sick.

Surprise discovery of Europe's first cave fish
Researchers reporting in Current Biology on April 3 have discovered the first European cave fish.

Artificial pancreas improves blood sugar control in young kids
An artificial pancreas, which delivers insulin in an automated way to individuals with type 1 diabetes, appears to be safe and effective for use in children ages 5 to 8 years, a new study finds.

Mutant lifestyles
Researchers uncover a potent genetic element in Earth's smallest life forms.

Substituting nurse practitioners, physician assistants & nurses for physicians older care
Substituting nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and nurses for physicians in healthcare for the aging population may achieve healthcare quality at least as good as care provided by physicians, according to a review of published studies.

Pathology Atlas to be previewed at AACR17
A demo version of a new Pathology Atlas will be presented on April 2-5 at the annual meeting of American Association of Cancer Research (AACR17) in Washington, DC.

Renewable energy needed to drive uptake of electric vehicles
Plugging into renewable energy sources outweighs the cost and short driving ranges for consumers intending to buy electric vehicles, according to a new study.

Meningitis bacteria adapting to STI niche, genetic analysis shows
N. meningitidis, usually associated with meningitis and sepsis, is the cause of a recent cluster of sexually transmitted infections in Columbus, Ohio and in other US cities.

Maternal pertussis vaccination reduces risk for newborns by more than 90 percent
Among infants of women who received the Tdap pertussis booster vaccine during pregnancy, the risk of contracting pertussis was reduced by an estimated 91 percent during the first two months of life -- the critical period before they can receive their first childhood acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccination.

Ethics complicate clinical interpretation & reporting of human genome sequence results
Medical use of a patient's genomic sequence information can improve diagnostic capabilities and enable personalized therapies, but technical and practical barriers to understanding the clinical implications of sequence data and interpreting them for patients are contributing to ongoing ethical concerns.

Penn researchers use new imaging to show key enzyme in ovarian cancer
A new imaging test may provide the ability to identify ovarian cancer patients who are candidates for an emerging treatment that targets a key enzyme cancer cells need to survive.

Weight history over time shows higher risk of death for overweight, obese people
People who are obese or overweight at some point in their adult lives have an elevated risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and other causes, according to a new study by researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) and the Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health.

Researchers find shoulder pad foam layer plays role in fewer concussions
Simon Fraser University researchers have found that a simple modification to hockey players' shoulder pads could have an impact on shoulder-to-head contact, the most common cause of concussions in ice hockey.

Some head and neck cancer patients benefit from continued checkpoint inhibitor treatment
New research suggests that some patients with head and neck cancers can benefit by continuing treatment with an immunotherapy drug after their tumors show signs of enlargement according to investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

Trial of new triple inhaler shows 20 percent reduction in COPD flare-ups
Flare-ups in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the UK's fourth leading cause of death, can be reduced by 20 percent by a combined triple inhaler, according to the results of a trial of more than 2,000 people conducted by the University of Manchester.

Spray-on memory could enable bendable digital storage
Duke University researchers have created a new 'spray-on' digital memory using only an aerosol jet printer and nanoparticle ink.

Stretching the boundaries of neural implants
New nanowire-coated, stretchy, multifunction fibers can be used to stimulate and monitor the spinal cord while subjects are in motion, MIT researchers report.

Telomere length predicts cancer risk
The length of the 'caps' of DNA that protect the tips of chromosomes may predict cancer risk and be a potential target for future therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute scientists will report today at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting.

Society considers people with mental illnesses to be more dangerous than they are
How dangerous does the general public consider mentally ill people to be?

Elimination of specific neurons outside the brain triggers obesity
A research team from Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia (Portugal) developed a new genetic technique that allows the elimination of specific neurons of the peripheral nervous system without affecting the brain.

Nanoscopic golden springs change color of twisted light
University of Bath scientists have used gold spring-shaped coils 5,000 times thinner than human hairs with powerful lasers to enable the detection of twisted molecules, and the applications could improve pharmaceutical design, telecommunications and nanorobotics.

New interferon shows promise against hepatitis B in cell culture, and animal model
Hepatitis B is notoriously difficult to eradicate with currently available agents.

'Virtual' interferometers may overcome scale issues for optical quantum computers
A team of researchers from RMIT, the University of Sydney and UTS have devised an entirely new way of implementing large-scale interferometers that will dramatically miniaturize optical processing circuitry.

New species evolve faster as mountains form
Mountains, like rainforests, are hotbeds of biodiversity. But scientists aren't sure why.

Batteries -- quick coatings
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are using the precision of an electron beam to instantly adhere cathode coatings for lithium-ion batteries -- a leap in efficiency that saves energy, reduces production and capital costs, and eliminates the use of toxic solvents.

Reversing aging now possible!
DGIST's research team identified the mechanism of reversible recovery of aging cells by inducing lysosomal activation.

'Sniffing' urine to detect prostate cancer could prevent unnecessary biopsies
On the list of dreaded medical tests, a prostate biopsy probably ranks fairly high.

Microbes on ice sheets produce bioreactive carbon that is exported to downstream ecosystems
Glaciers and ice sheets have recently been considered significant sources of organic carbon and provide nutrients to downstream marine ecosystems.

Restoration based on chemistry
Considered the pinnacle of mediaeval painting, the Ghent Altarpiece was painted around 1432 by Jan van Eyck and probably his brother Hubert. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to