Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 07, 2017
Researchers detect protein that increases effectiveness of vaccines
Researchers have discovered a protein they believe would help make vaccinations more effective and provide protection from other diseases such as cancer.

ALMA captures dramatic stellar fireworks
Stellar explosions are most often associated with supernovae, the spectacular deaths of stars.

UNM physicist discovers strange forces acting on nanoparticles
A new scientific paper published, in part, by a University of New Mexico physicist is shedding light on a strange force impacting particles at the smallest level of the material world.

Why did we see 'the dress' differently? The answer lies in the shadows, new research finds
When 'the dress' went viral in 2015, millions were divided on its true colors: gold and white or black and blue?

CD38 gene is identified to be important in postnatal development of the cerebral cortex
The brain consists of neurons and glial cells. Recent research uncovers the importance of glial cells; their developmental abnormality causes various diseases and aberrant cerebral cortex development.

Osteoporosis drug found safe in long-term trial
A new study provides reassuring information about the short-term and long-term safety of denosumab, a monoclonal antibody that is used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Nutrition report calls for greater cooperation and coordination in promotion of pulse as consumer-friendly food stuff
The Special Issue of Annals addresses the opportunity pulses present to address global concerns on nutrition, health, and sustainability.

Graphene Flagship researches create thin film transistors printed with layered materials
Graphene Flagship researchers from AMBER at Trinity College Dublin have fabricated printed transistors consisting entirely of layered materials.

New medication significantly decreases involuntary movement
Once daily valbenazine significantly reduces involuntary movements such as lip smacking, tongue protrusions and excessive eye blinking for patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and mood disorder.

Rescue protein gives doomed cells a stay of 'execution'
A research team led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital immunologists has discovered how a set of proteins delays the 'executioner' machinery that kills damaged or infected cells in a process called necroptosis.

In-car cow avoidance
Driverless cars are hitting the headlines across the globe but for the foreseeable future we will still have drivers.

Volcanic arcs form by deep melting of rock mixtures
A new study published in the journal Science Advances changes our understanding of how volcanic arc lavas are formed, and may have implications for the study of earthquakes and the risks of volcanic eruption.

Tropical lowland frogs at greater risk from climate warming than high-elevation species, study shows
A new study of Peruvian frogs living at a wide variety of elevations -- from the Amazon floodplain to high Andes peaks -- lends support to the idea that lowland amphibians are at higher risk from future climate warming.

400 million years of a stable relationship
Researchers from the Harrison lab at BTI have identified a transcriptional program that drives arbuscule degeneration during AM symbiosis.

Many older adults will need help with managing their medicines and money
In a study of nearly 9,500 individuals aged 65 and older who did not need help in managing medications or finances, many needed assistance as time went on.

AGA releases best practice advice on long-term PPI use
When proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are appropriately prescribed, their benefits are likely to outweigh their risks, according to an American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Clinical Practice Update published in Gastroenterology, the official journal of AGA.

University of Montana professor breaks new ground on counseling survivors of trauma, sexual assault
Recent work by a University of Montana communication studies professor draws national attention for her approach to incorporating research in interpersonal communication with the delivery of mental health services to sexual assault survivors.

Big women have nearly threefold greater risk of atrial fibrillation
Big women have a nearly threefold greater risk of atrial fibrillation than small women, according to research presented today at EuroPrevent 2017.

New study reveals how some chickens got striped feathers
Birds show an amazing diversity in plumage colour and patterning.

Money can't buy confidence in birth services, research shows
Cash is not a sufficient incentive for pregnant women in India to take up free institutional delivery services, new research shows.

PET radiotracer design for monitoring targeted immunotherapy
In an article published in the April issue of 'The Journal of Nuclear Medicine,' researchers at Stanford University in California provide a template for assessing new positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracers that can accurately identify molecules in cancer cells that prevent the immune system from attacking the cancer.

Unique wave tank helps scientists understand threat of rogue ocean waves
A team of scientists from Australia, Belgium, Italy and the UK have demonstrated how ocean winds can generate spontaneous rogue waves, the first step to predicting the potentially dangerous phenomena.

Study: Bipartisan coalitions more likely as Congress becomes more polarized
Congress passed a surprising number of bills between 1981 and 2008 with bipartisan majorities large enough to withstand a presidential veto despite growing ideological divisions between Democratic and Republican lawmakers.

Asthma drug helps patients with skin disorder
Omalizumab is shown to be effective in treating inducible urticaria.

High-intensity interval training rapidly improves diabetics' glucose metabolism
New research reveals that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases glucose metabolism in muscles as well as insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes.

Puffins that stay close to their partner during migration have more chicks
Puffin pairs that follow similar migration routes breed more successfully the following season, a new Oxford University study has found.

'Nesting doll' minerals offer clues to Earth's mantle dynamics
Recovered minerals that originated in the deep mantle can give scientists a rare glimpse into the dynamic processes occurring deep inside of the Earth and into the history of the planet's mantle layer.

Scientists uncover isotopic fingerprint of N2O emissions from Arctic tundra
A new study from the University of Eastern Finland presents, for the first time, the isotopic fingerprint of nitrous oxide produced by Arctic soils.

Money to burn: As the wealthy get wealthier, carbon emissions grow in US states
A state-by-state analysis by Boston College researchers finds a link between growth in a state's carbon emissions and the growth in income inequality.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Ernie intensify
The storm formerly known as tropical cyclone 15S, now called Tropical Cyclone Ernie continued to strengthen as NASA's Aqua satellite captured a visible image that showed the storm developed an eye.

A new parameterization of canopy radiative transfer for land surface radiation models
The canopy varies geographically from that of dense tropical forests to the shrublands of arid desert lands, and temporally from the vibrancy of spring to the gloominess of winter.

Study: Warm Atlantic waters contribute to sea ice decline
A University of Alaska Fairbanks study has determined that warmer water migrating from the Atlantic Ocean is a surprisingly powerful contributor to Arctic sea ice decline.

Transcription factor expression tied to medial amygdala neuronal ID, sex-specific response
Neurons derived from two different types of precursor cells that later develop into neurons in the medial amygdala -- one of the interconnected structures in the brain involved in emotion, motivation and memory -- help to program innate reproductive and aggressive behaviors into the brain, research led by Children's National Health System indicates.

Deep brain stimulation decreases tics in young adults with severe Tourette syndrome
A surgical procedure called deep brain stimulation that sends electrical impulses to a specific area of the brain reduces the 'tics,' or involuntary movements and vocal outbursts, experienced by young adults with severe cases of Tourette syndrome, according to new research from NYU Langone Medical Center.

You spy with your little eye -- dogs can adopt the perspective of humans
Humans are able to interpret the behaviour of others by attributing mental states to them.

Peptide acts as mediator for learning
In order to adapt to changes in the environment, the brain produces new nerve cells even at adult age.

Risks of diabetics fasting during Ramadan: Hypoglycemia rates w insulin pump v. injections
A new study examining the risk of fasting during Ramadan for people with type 1 diabetes compared blood glucose control and the rates of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia between users of insulin pump therapy versus multiple daily insulin injections.

Satellites map carbon sequestered by forests, with accuracy of up to 10 meters
Led by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, the EU North State project has developed a new method of using satellite images to evaluate the forest carbon balance.

Image release: ALMA captures explosive star birth
Star birth can be a violent and explosive event, as dramatically illustrated in new ALMA images. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to