Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 14, 2017
3-D-printed model of stenotic intracranial artery enables vessel-wall MRI standardization
A phantom of a stenotic artery 3-D-printed by the University of Massachusetts using imaging sequences from a patient at the Medical University of South Carolina is enabling a global collaborative of US, Canadian and Chinese researchers to standardize high-resolution MRI protocols for intracranial atherosclerotic disease, the number one cause of stroke worldwide.

Computers create recipe for two new magnetic materials
Material scientists have predicted and built two new magnetic materials, atom-by-atom, using high-throughput computational models.

Th17 cells could facilitate wider clinical use of adoptive immunotherapy
Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) investigators report that long-term expansion protocols for adoptive cancer immunotherapy do not compromise Th17 cells' effectiveness against large tumors, in the March 9, 2017 issue of JCI Insight.

Immunity against melanoma is only skin deep
Researchers at Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center find that unique immune cells, called resident memory T cells, do an outstanding job of preventing melanoma in patients who develop the autoimmune disease, vitiligo.

Affection of the respiratory muscles in combined complex I and IV deficiency
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) frequently manifest as myopathy. Myopathy may also involve the respiratory muscles.

SAVI camera ditches long lens for distant images
Rice, Northwestern collaboration has yielded a camera platform that uses laser 'speckle' patterns to capture high-resolution images from a distance without telescopic lenses.

Low-income children missing out on language learning both at home and at school
Children from poor neighborhoods are less likely to have complex language building opportunities both in home and at school, putting them at a disadvantage in their kindergarten year, finds a new study led by NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Plant genes may lack off switch, but have volume control
UC Davis researchers discover a gene in the model plant Arabidopsis that can function without a promoter, but requires DNA sequences from an intron.

Opioid use disorder in pregnancy -- medication treatment improves outcomes for mothers and infants
Medication for addiction treatment (MAT) with buprenorphine or methadone is an appropriate and accepted treatment for pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD), according to a research review and update in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM).

Study finds worse survival when specific thyroid cancers spread to bone
In the largest-known study on bone metastases in thyroid cancer, researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center found that patients with follicular and medullary thyroid cancer had the highest rate of cancer-related bone lesions and fractures and an increased risk of death.

Lice and bacteria, partners in parasitism
Scientists Bret Boyd et al. have sought to better understand the evolutionary history of bacteria residing within lice.

ATV-related injuries in children remain large public health problem
All-terrain vehicle-related injuries remain a large public health problem in this country, with children more adversely affected than adults.

TSRI chemists devise simple method for making sought-after boronic acid-based drugs and other products
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a broad and strikingly easy method for synthesizing a class of molecules that have demonstrated value as pharmaceuticals.

NASA examines New Zealand's extreme rainfall as Cyclone Cook's remnants move away
Two extra-tropical cyclones recently dropped very heavy rain over New Zealand, Debbie and Cook.

New method for tapping vast plant pharmacopeia to make more effective drugs
Vanderbilt geneticists have developed an effective method for identifying the plant genes that produce the chemical ammunition plants use to protect themselves from predation and is a natural source of many important drugs.

Research suggests bans on trans fats linked to healthier communities
People living in areas that restrict trans fats in foods had fewer hospitalizations for heart attack and stroke compared to residents in areas without restrictions, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Chicago Medicine and Yale School of Medicine.

Traces of Zika Found in Asian tiger mosquito in Brazil
In a recent test of Asian tiger mosquitoes collected in Brazil, researchers found fragments of Zika virus RNA, raising concerns that it may be carried by species other than Zika's known primary vector, the yellow fever mosquito.

Glioblastoma patients may benefit from a vaccine-chemotherapy combination
A vaccine targeting cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen pp65, combined with high-dose chemotherapy (temozolomide), improved both progression-free survival and overall survival for a small group of glioblastoma (GBM) patients.

Assessing heart disease risk is within arm's reach
Researchers at NYIT College of Osteopathic Medicine (NYITCOM) may have just discovered a potential new method to diagnose and monitor atherosclerosis: the radial artery.

Lice and their bacterial sidekicks have evolved together for millions of years
A Florida Museum of Natural History study provides new insights into the complex, shared history between blood-sucking lice and the vitamin-producing bacterial sidekicks that enable them to parasitize mammals, including primates and humans.

Understanding money reduces worry about old age
People who possess a greater understanding of finance are less likely to fret about life in their twilight years.

NASA sees central and south Philippines bracing for Tropical Depression 02W
NASA's Terra satellite passed over newly developed Tropical Depression 02W as it formed east of the central and southern Philippines in the Philippine Sea early on April 14.

Synthesis and functional evaluation of novel aldose reductase inhibitors
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is probably one of the oldest known diseases and the incidence has been increasing steadily all over the world.

Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and 2 diabetes on the rise among children, teens
Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a report, Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012, published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Hubble sees starbursts in Virgo
Starburst galaxies contain regions where stars are forming at such a breakneck rate that the galaxy is eating up its gas supply faster than it can be replenished.

Study unravels long-held Fermi puzzle tied to nonlinear systems
Nonlinear systems can indeed reach equilibrium, according to new research from an international team of physicists.

3-D-printed patch can help mend a 'broken' heart
A team of biomedical engineering researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has created a revolutionary 3-D-bioprinted patch that can help heal scarred heart tissue after a heart attack.

Researchers design coatings to prevent pipeline clogging
A new coating developed at MIT could prevent methane clathrate clogs and blowouts in oil pipelines.

High stakes, high risk, and a bad bet
Gambling addiction is a mental disorder characterized by excessive risk-taking despite negative results.

Helping students learn by sketching
New software Sketch Worksheets analyzes and provides feedback on student sketches, helping them learn multiple subjects.

AASM position: Delaying middle school, high school start times is beneficial to students
A new position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) asserts that the school day should begin at 8:30 a.m. or later for middle school and high school students.

Immunotherapy for glioblastoma well tolerated; survival gains observed
A phase one study of 11 patients with glioblastoma who received injections of an investigational vaccine therapy and an approved chemotherapy showed the combination to be well tolerated while also resulting in unexpectedly significant survival increases, researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute report. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to