Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 20, 2017
By listening to optical 'noise,' researchers discover new way to track hidden objects
Researchers have developed a new solution to tracking objects hidden behind scattering media by analyzing the fluctuations in optical 'noise' created by their movement.

Post-biotics may help shield obese from diabetes
It was previously thought that bacteria only caused problems such as higher inflammation and higher blood glucose.

Health care leaders predict patients will lose under President Trump's health care plans
According to a newly released NEJM Catalyst Insights Report, health care executives and industry insiders expect patients -- more than any other stakeholder -- to be the big losers of any comprehensive health care plan from the Trump administration.

Stimulants may have detrimental effects on muscle control
Researchers have found that current or past use of methamphetamine or other stimulants may lead to psychomotor control deficits, or a reduced ability to control physical movement.

Mammoths suffered from diseases that are typical for people
Sergey Leshchinskiy, paleontologist, head of TSU's Laboratory of Mesozoic and Cenozoic Continental Ecosystems, has studied the remains of Yakut mammoths collected on one of the largest locations in the world of mammoth fauna, Berelyokh.

Study overturns seminal research about the developing nervous system
New research by scientists at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA overturns a long-standing paradigm about how axons grow during embryonic development.

Seeing quadruple: Four images of the same supernova, a rare find
Galaxies bend light through an effect called gravitational lensing that helps astronomers peer deeper into the cosmos.

Milk study improves understanding of age-related diseases
A new study on UHT milk is helping scientists to better understand Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and type 2 diabetes, opening the door to improved treatments for these age-related diseases.

New behavioral intervention targets Latino men at high risk of HIV infection
Men who have sex with men (MSM) accounted for two thirds of all new HIV infections in the United States, with 26 percent occurring in Latinos, according to 2014 data.

Mass. General researchers provide evidence linking 'leaky gut' to chronic inflammation
With the help of genetically engineered mice, scientists at the Massachusetts General Hospital are moving closer to establishing the role that increased intestinal permeability, sometimes called a 'leaky gut,' plays in chronic inflammatory conditions.

Engineering technique is damaging materials research reveals
A technique that revolutionised scientists' ability to manipulate and study minuscule materials, may have dramatic unintended consequences -- altering their structural identity, new Oxford University research reveals.

Investigational DAA treatment combination effective and improves patient-reported outcomes
Analysis of patient outcome data from the POLARIS-1, 2, 3 and 4 studies demonstrate that patients with HCV and cirrhosis have greatest improvements of PRO scores when taking treatment with sofosbuvir + velpatasvir, ± voxilaprevir, an anti-HCV regimen that has been shown to be safe and effective against all HCV genotypes.

The weird chemistry threatening masterpiece paintings (video)
A good art dealer can really clean up in today's market, but not when some weird soap-making chemistry wreaks havoc on masterpieces.

Bacteria used to fight antimicrobial contamination of soil and water
A new study at the University of Nevada, Reno has found a potential way to reduce the environmental presence of Triclosan, an antimicrobial that is also linked to problems with antibiotic resistance.

Medical history reveals multiple sclerosis begins to impact patients sooner
People with multiple sclerosis can show signs of something wrong five years before the onset of disease, much earlier than previously thought, according to a new analysis of health records from people with the condition.

Renowned researchers present at ASN Scientific Sessions to advance the science of stevia
To examine the latest scientific evidence related to non-caloric sweeteners, focused on stevia, the Global Stevia Institute is hosting a sponsored symposium on Saturday, April 22 from Noon - 3:00 PM at the American Society for Nutrition (ASN) Scientific Sessions, taking place at the annual Experimental Biology conference in Chicago.

Effects of alcoholism on the brain's reward system may be different in women than in men
A collaborative study between researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Boston University School of Medicine has found evidence implying that alcoholism may have different effects on the reward system in the brains of women than it does in men.

Studies examine rheumatoid arthritis patients' prognosis
What's the long-term outlook for today's patients with early rheumatoid arthritis?

Engagement with natural environment a significant contributor to life satisfaction
Looking to improve your overall life satisfaction? Try regularly hiking in a forest or otherwise engaging with the natural environment.

New tools visualize where bacterial species live in the gut, control their activity
Two independent studies in mice published in the journal Cell have made it possible to simultaneously visualize multiple bacterial strains in the gut by making them express unique combinations of fluorescent proteins.

Type of treatment for prostate cancer affects quality of life
Quality of life after prostate cancer treatment varies by the type of treatment patients receive, a new study reveals.

Want to stay mentally healthy in older age? Stimulate your brain in early life
Stimulating the brain by taking on leadership roles at work or staying on in education help people stay mentally healthy in later life, according to new research.

UK: Serious liver disease develops in one-third of young people with childhood acquired HCV
Results from a retrospective review of a UK national HCV database found that over one-third of young people (<18 years old) with childhood acquired HCV develop serious long-term liver disease, 5 percent develop liver cancer and more than 4 percent undergo a liver transplant.

Recovering species must be celebrated or we risk reversing progress, says leading expert
A failure to celebrate conservation successes means we miss vital opportunities to convince the public of 'real and practical solutions' they can engage with.

Study: Accomplished female scientists often overlooked
Invited speakers at neuroimmunology conferences in 2016 were disproportionately male, and not because male scientists were producing higher quality work, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

More Americans being hospitalized for a hypertensive emergency, but fewer are dying
A new article published in the American Journal of Hypertension finds a rising trend in hospitalization for hypertensive emergency with reduction in hospital mortality during the last decade.

Can we see a singularity, the most extreme object in the universe?
Scientists at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research have found new ways to detect a bare or naked singularity, the most extreme object in the universe.

Using venomous proteins to make insect milkshakes
In a just-published paper in the journal PLOS Pathogens, Adler Dillman, an assistant professor at the University of California, Riverside and several collaborators found that nematodes secrete a deadly cocktail of proteins to kill many insects that damage crops.

Bringing the 'magic' of ultrasound to rural Uganda to reduce pregnancy complications
In a collaborative study, a team of researchers found that radio advertising for free ultrasounds in rural Uganda increased the number of pregnant women who attended modern medical care by 490 per cent.

Finding order and structure in the atomic chaos where materials meet
Materials science researchers have developed a model that can account for irregularities in how atoms arrange themselves at the so-called 'grain boundaries' -- the interface where two materials meet.

Majority of parents plan to use telemedicine for pediatric care
New findings released today by Nemours Children's Health System show 64 percent of parents polled have used or plan to use telemedicine within the next year for their child.

Immune discovery points to therapies to improve stroke recovery
Having a stroke damages immune cells as well as affecting the brain, research from the University of Edinburgh has found.

Periodic model predicts the spread of Lyme disease
Lyme disease is among the most common vector-borne illnesses in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia.

How educators could help tackle religious segregation
Educators could be doing more to address the challenges and obstacles faced by Muslim students in modern times, a new research report published today in the Journal of Language, Identity and Education suggests.

ILC 2017: European countries restrict access to life-saving treatment for hepatitis C
Data presented today demonstrate that there are considerable restrictions in the reimbursement of DAA therapy across European countries, particularly with respect to the severity of liver fibrosis and prescribing by specialists.

Is soda bad for your brain? (and is diet soda worse?)
New research suggests that excess sugar -- especially the fructose in sugary drinks -- might damage your brain.

Research uncovers life-saving benefits in the battle against viruses
At-risk patients, such as those with HIV or transplant recipients, could benefit from potentially life-saving study carried out by a University of Surrey led group of international researchers.

In young bilingual children 2 languages develop simultaneously but independently
A study of bilingual children finds that when children learn any two languages from birth each language proceeds on its own independent course, at a rate that reflects the quality of the children's exposure to each language.

Same but different
Bacterial populations pose an intriguing puzzle: in so-called isogenic populations, all bacteria have the same genes, but they still behave differently, for example grow at different speeds.

Risk of psychosis from cannabis use lower than originally thought, say scientists
Scientists at the University of York have shown that the risk of developing psychosis, such as hallucinations, from cannabis use is small compared to the number of total users.

IUPUI scientists find risk of lead exposure comes from both ends of firearms
Risks from firearms actually come from both ends of the barrel, according to an Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis study.

3-D printing helps treat woman with spinal condition
Clinicians recently used 3-D printing to help treat a woman with a degenerative condition of the spinal column.

New research unlocks forests' potential in climate change mitigation
For the first time, scientists have created a global map measuring the cooling effect forests generate by regulating the exchange of water and energy between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere.

The formation of gold deposits in South Africa
The Witwatersrand basin in South Africa hosts the largest known gold repository on Earth -- but how was it formed?

Possible hints of New Physics found in a global analysis of data from several experiments
An international research team has presented a global analysis of a set of observables related to one type of rare B decays measured in different experiments: mainly LHCb, Belle and also preliminary results from ATLAS and CMS.

NASA sees the formation of early Atlantic Ocean Tropical Depression 1
A low pressure area in the Atlantic Ocean, located southwest of the Azores was designated as Subtropical Depression One on April 19 as NASA examined its rainfall.

Fungi have enormous potential for new antibiotics
Fungi are a potential goldmine for the production of pharmaceuticals.

Hubble celebrates 27 years with two close friends
This stunning cosmic pairing of the two very different looking spiral galaxies NGC 4302 and NGC 4298 was imaged by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope.

Recognizing foreign accents helps brains process accented speech
Our brains process foreign-accented speech with better real-time accuracy if we can identify the accent we hear, according to a team of neurolinguists.

Macrophages conduct electricity, help heart to beat
Macrophages have a previously unrecognized role in helping the mammalian heart beat in rhythm.

A promising target for kidney fibrosis
In a new study published in JCI Insights, investigators report that increasing SMOC2 in the kidney helped initiate and continue the progression of kidney fibrosis, while tamping down SMOC2 prevented it.

NASA sees the end of ex-Tropical Cyclone 02W
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite spotted the remnants of Tropical Cyclone 02W southeast of Taiwan in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean as the system was dissipating.

Clostridium difficile infections linked to higher death rates if infection recurs
Two presentations at the 27th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) show that repeated infection with the bacterium Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), which causes stomach upsets and diarrhoea, is linked to higher death rates, as well as having a significant impact on health services in terms of cost and hospital beds occupied.

Bergamotene -- alluring and lethal for Manduca sexta
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, describe a gene in Nicotiana attenuata which enables the plant to solve the dilemma that arises when a pollinator is also an herbivore.

Protection for the gut barrier: New approach may prevent graft-versus-host disease
Stem cell transplants can save lives, for example in patients with leukemia.

Study shows rapid growth in neuroscience research
A study of the impact and research topics of neuroscience papers from 2006-2015 has shown that the number of neuroscience papers and highly-productive core neuroscience journals has grown, while psychology and behavioral sciences have become more popular research areas.

New weapon in fight against antibiotic resistance discovered
Scientists have designed an antibiotic that could combat WHO priority pathogens by suppressing the energy supply of bacteria

Drug created from malaria parasite shows promise as bladder cancer treatment
A drug created from a malaria protein stopped tumor growth of chemotherapy-resistant bladder cancer, offering hope for cancer patients not responding to standard treatments.

Tarantulas use their lateral eyes to calculate distance
A necessary part of any animal's sense of direction is a positioning system, allowing it to have an idea of the relation between where it is and where it wants to go; this is known as odometry.

New NSF special report released ahead of Earth Day
From flowers' microscopic cells to thunderstorms called supercells, researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) are studying the science of spring.

Changing the game
High performance computing researcher Shuaiwen Leon Song asked if hardware called 3-D stacked memory could do something it was never designed to do -- help render 3-D graphics.

Coordination chemistry of anions through halogen-bonding interactions
While an IUPAC definition of hydrogen bonding was only released in 2011 after decades of discussions in the scientific community, it did not take such a long time to come up with an analogous definition of halogen bonding, following a revival of this interaction in the literature which can be traced back to the early 1990s, Fourmigué, M.

Economists price BP oil spill damage to natural resources at $17.2 billion
The BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was the largest maritime oil spill in US history.

A good night's sleep
Osaka University researchers have designed new technology that uses machine learning to model a personal sleep pattern based on the sounds made during sleep.

Sexist and anti-gay jokes: It's all about men feeling threatened
Why do some men crack sexist and anti-gay jokes or find them funny, while others do not?

Plant's parent genes cooperate in shaping their child
Plant biologists discovered for the first time on how factors arising from the mother and father in flowering plants cooperate to develop the shape of their child.

Rising water temperatures endanger health of coastal ecosystems, study finds
Marine biologists James Hollibaugh and Sylvia Schaefer found that rising water temperatures could disrupt ocean food webs and lead to the release of more greenhouse gases.

In roundworms, fats tip the scales of fertility
Two University of Colorado Boulder scientists have discovered how fat levels in a tiny soil-dwelling roundworm (C. elegans) can tip the balance between whether the worm makes eggs or sperm.

One in every 15 non-obese older Filipino Americans has diabetes
A new study released today found that non-obese Filipino Americans aged 50 and over have a much higher prevalence of diabetes than non-Hispanic white Americans (7.6 percent vs.

Discovering the basics of 'active touch'
Working with genetically engineered mice -- and especially their whiskers -- Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified a group of nerve cells in the skin responsible for what they call 'active touch,' a combination of motion and sensory feeling needed to navigate the external world.

Study shows hearing tests miss common form of hearing loss
Traditional clinical hearing tests often fail to diagnose patients with a common form of inner ear damage that might otherwise be detected by more challenging behavioral tests, according to the findings of a University at Buffalo-led study published in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Rare supernova discovery ushers in new era for cosmology
With from an automated supernova-hunting pipeline based at NERSC, astronomers have captured multiple images of a gravitationally lensed Type 1a supernova.

World's largest clinical cancer research meeting to highlight latest advances
Studies spanning the spectrum of cancer prevention and care, from immunotherapy and precision medicine to survivorship, will be highlighted in the official Press Program for the 53rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).

Rituximab is not effective for the treatment of fatigue in primary biliary cholangitis
Results from the RITPBC trial demonstrated that rituximab was not effective for treatment of fatigue in unselected patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC).

Indigenous peoples mobilize to assert role in alleviating climate change; new policy brief
Indigenous Peoples, local communities from 30 different countries are demanding respect for their land rights.

ILC 2017: New EASL clinical practice guidelines on the management of hepatitis B virus
The European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) today published their revised Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) on the management of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.

AGU journal commentaries highlight importance of Earth and space science research
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) today published a collection of 27 essays as commentaries in its scientific journals highlighting the important role Earth and space science research plays in society.

Why children struggle to cross busy streets safely
Researchers have found children up to early teenagers lack the perceptual judgment and motor skills to safely cross a busy road consistently.

Higher temperatures drive multi-generational genetic changes in roundworms
Roundworms exposed to higher temperatures can exhibit genetic alterations that are passed to offspring through both sperm and eggs, a new study reveals.

Worldwide lack of early referral of patients with alcoholic liver disease
Results from an analysis of over 3,000 patients highlights there is significant disparity in the referral of patients with liver disease, and that those with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are 12 times more likely to present at an advanced rather than early stage.

New data unearths pesticide peril in beehives
Honeybees -- employed to pollinate crops during the blooming season -- encounter danger due to lingering and wandering pesticides, according to a new Cornell University study that analyzed the bee's own food.

Infant mice lack microbes that help fight intestinal infection
A new study in mice suggests that newborns are more susceptible to intestinal infection because they harbor undeveloped gut microbiomes, and also hints at a way to boost colonization of healthy microbes that protect from pathogens.

BP oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to natural resources, scientists find
The 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to the natural resources in the Gulf of Mexico, a team of scientists recently found after a six-year study of the impact of the largest oil spill in US history.

Rare brightening of a supernova's light found by Caltech's Palomar Observatory
An international team of astronomers has, for the first time, seen a cosmic magnification of the light from a class of supernova called Type Ia.

Level of unconsciousness in brain damaged patients related to body temperature
Circadian rhythms may play a crucial role in the recovery of consciousness of patients with severe brain injuries, a study published in Neurology.

JNeurosci: Highlights from the April 19 issue
Check out these newsworthy studies from the April 19, 2017, issue of JNeurosci.

Breathe easy: The naked mole-rat's secret to surviving oxygen deprivation
Naked mole-rats can survive up to 18 minutes without oxygen by converting fructose to fuel in their vital tissues, a new study reveals.

Light rays from a supernova bent by the curvature of space-time around a galaxy
An international research team led by Ariel Goobar at Stockholm University has detected for the first time multiple images from a gravitationally lensed Type Ia supernova.

'Eating with the eyes' is hard-wired in the brain
Japanese scientists at the National Institute of Genetics (NIG) discovered prey detector neurons in the visual system that project to the feeding center in the hypothalamus, and they observed neurons in this circuit firing upon seeing prey.

Ancient enzyme protects lungs from common irritant produced by bugs and mold
New research in mice by UC San Francisco scientists shows that the lungs secrete a specialized enzyme capable of destroying chitin, without which chitin particles inhaled from the environment can accumulate in the airways and trigger inflammatory lung disease.

Second cancers deadlier in young patients
Second cancers in children and adolescents and young adults (AYA) are far deadlier than they are in older adults and may partially account for the relatively poor outcomes of cancer patients ages 15-39 overall, a new study by UC Davis researchers has found.

Application of statistical method shows promise mitigating climate change effects on pine
Confronting evidence that the global climate is changing rapidly relative to historical trends, researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new statistical model that, when applied to the loblolly pine tree populations in the southeastern United States, will benefit forest landowners and the forest industry in future decades.

Mapping DROSHA's cleavage sites
IBS scientists develop a new method to understand what and where the DROSHA protein is cutting.

Review finds no benefit to aspirin for preserving cognitive function
An analysis of published studies found no evidence that low-dose aspirin buffers against cognitive decline or dementia or improves cognitive test scores.

Supplement can lessen kidney damage linked to genetic mutations in transgenic fruit flies
An off-the-shelf dietary supplement available for pennies per dose demonstrated the ability to reverse cellular damage linked to specific genetic mutations in transgenic fruit flies, an experimental model of genetic mutation-induced renal cell injury that features striking similarities to humans, a Children's National Health System research team reports April 20 in Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Research underlines positive impact of press freedom on stock markets
In one of the first studies to assess the relationship between a country's Press Freedom Index and its stock market characteristics, researchers at the University of Luxembourg have highlighted how press freedom is linked to stock market volatility, and why this is beneficial for the overall economy.

Coral reefs struggle to keep up with rising seas, leave coastal communities at risk
In the first ecosystem-wide study of changing sea depths at five large coral reef tracts in Florida, the Caribbean and Hawai'i, researchers found the sea floor is eroding in all five places, and the reefs cannot keep pace with sea level rise.

What else can fingers tell us?
According to HSE researchers, men with a high 2D:4D ratio (i.e. those whose index finger is longer than their ring finger) tend to be better educated.

New quantum liquid crystals may play role in future of computers
First 3-D quantum liquid crystals may have applications in quantum computing.

Do benefits outweigh risk of mind-altering drug use by healthy individuals?
Study examines use of psychoactive drugs to enhance cognition, creativity, and pleasure.

Hubble observes first multiple images of explosive distance indicator
A Swedish-led team of astronomers used the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to analyze the multiple images of a gravitationally lensed type Ia supernova for the first time.

Medicaid expansion linked with increase in prescriptions filled for chronic conditions
During the first one and a half years of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the number of prescriptions filled by adults using Medicaid coverage increased by 19 percent in states that expanded Medicaid compared to states that did not, according to a new study from a Harvard T.H.

Stink bug traps perform poorly during winter invasions
Score one for the brown marmorated stink bug, again. Since the pernicious pest arrived in the United States nearly 20 years ago, it has proven difficult to fend off, attacking crops in the summer and invading homes in the fall and winter.

Skip the soda, opt for the stairs to feel more energized
New research shows that 10 minutes of walking up and down stairs was more likely to make participants feel energized than ingesting 50 milligrams of caffeine -- about the equivalent to the amount in a can of soda.

Severe gum disease strongly predicts higher mortality in cirrhosis
Results presented today from a prospective study in patients with irreversible scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) demonstrates that severe periodontitis (an inflammatory gum disease) strongly predicts higher mortality in this population, after adjustments for various risk factors.

Scientists uncover mechanism allowing bacteria to survive the human immune system
Researchers have uncovered molecular details of how pathogenic bacteria fight back against the human immune response to infection.

Environmental 'memories' passed on for 14 generations
Scientists at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) in Barcelona and the Josep Carreras Leukaemia Research Institute and The Institute for Health Science Research Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP) in Badalona, Spain, have discovered that the impact of environmental change can be passed on in the genes of tiny nematode worms for at least 14 generations -- the most that has ever been seen in animals.

'Genetic scalpel' can manipulate the microbiome, Yale study shows
Yale University researchers have developed new methods for regulating gene activity in a widespread group of microbiome bacteria in the gut of living mice -- a crucial step in understanding microbiome's impact on health and disease.

Is DAA therapy for hepatitis C associated with an increased risk of liver cancer?
According to data from studies being presented at ILC™ 2017, there remains continued debate on whether patients are at risk of developing liver cancer after achieving SVR with a DAA regimen for HCV.

Just breathe: Mindfulness may help freshman stress less and smile more
Mindfulness training may be one way to help students successfully transition to college life, according to Penn State researchers.

Giardiasis may be a disease of the ecology of the GI tract
Colonization by the human and animal parasite, Giardia, changed the species composition of the mouse microbiome in a way that might be harmful.

Macrophages shown to be essential to a healthy heart rhythm
A Massachusetts General Hospital-led research team has found that -- in addition to their immune system role -- macrophages are also essential to the healthy functioning of the heart, helping conduct the electric signals that coordinate the heartbeat.

Empowerment of women worldwide key to achieving competing goals
An interdisciplinary teams of experts argue that world hunger and biodiversity loss can both be addressed by ensuring that women worldwide have access to education and contraception.

Researchers produce detailed map of potential Mars rover landing site
Mineral deposits in a region on Mars called Northeast Syrtis Major suggest a plethora of once-habitable environments.

Scientists uncover details on the rise of a tick-borne disease on Long Island
Scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health report elevated levels of a pathogen responsible for the tick-borne disease babesiosis in Suffolk County, New York, where rates are the highest in the state.

Discrimination contributes to pediatric asthma rates in African American and Latino youth
In a new study published in CHEST, investigators found that African American children who reported experiencing discrimination had almost twice the probability of having asthma than their peers who did not experience/report discrimination.

Gut bacteria give newborns infection protection, not just digestion, mouse study shows
Hundreds of thousands of babies worldwide die every year from infections that ravage their digestive systems.

Long-term antibiotic prophylaxis reduces mortality in people with advanced liver disease
A multicenter, randomized, controlled study presented today found that long-term oral antibiotic therapy with norfloxacin improved the prognosis of people with life-threatening advanced liver disease.

Inhaled steroids may increase pneumonia risk in people with asthma
Use of inhaled corticosteroids was linked with an increased risk of pneumonia in a study of individuals with asthma.

Saiful Chowdhury named ASMS 'emerging investigator' for work linked to cancer, aging
The American Society of Mass Spectrometry has named Saiful Chowdhury, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry at The University of Texas at Arlington, as one of the leading emerging investigators worldwide for his work developing new techniques using mass spectrometry to differentiate protein modifications linked to cancer and aging.

Penn researchers show brain stimulation restores memory during lapses
A team of neuroscientists at the University of Pennsylvania has shown for the first time that electrical stimulation delivered when memory is predicted to fail can improve memory function in the human brain.

AATS issues new consensus statement for treatment of empyema
To better manage empyema in the face of rising demand for treatment, the American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) Guidelines Committee called for the formation of the Empyema Management Guidelines Working Group.

Mindfulness class helped women, but not men, overcome 'negative affect'
Few studies have looked at whether mindfulness meditation is equally effective among men and women in addressing mood, but a new study in a college setting found a substantial difference.

Can virtual reality help us prevent falls in the elderly and others?
Every year, falls lead to hospitalization or death for hundreds of thousands of elderly Americans.

Antarctica's biodiversity is under threat
A unique international study has debunked the popular view that Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are in much better ecological shape than the rest of the world.

New insights may help protect against snake venom toxicity
New research may be useful for protecting against the toxic effects of snake venom.

Firms using new reporting method to 'greenwash' performance
New research suggests that some firms manipulate the content and tone of their company reports despite an initiative to make them more concise and balanced.

Genetic evidence points to nocturnal early mammals
New genetic evidence suggesting that early mammals had good night-time vision adds to fossil and behavioral studies indicating that early mammals were nocturnal.

Brains of one-handed people suggest new organization theory
In people born with one hand, the brain region that would normally light up with that missing hand's activity lights up instead with the activity of other body parts -- including the arm, foot, and mouth -- that fill in for the hand's lost function. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to